Olarreaga, M. (Marcelo)
Most widely held works by M Olarreaga
Global trade and poor nations : the poverty impacts and policy implications of liberalization ( Book )
8 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 768 libraries worldwide
"Assesses the impact of reformed trade policies on the poorest of the poor from a spectrum of poor nations across different regions. Provides guidelines regarding the likely impacts of a global trade reform, utilizing a methodology that combines information to capture effects at the macro level and in individual households"--Provided by publisher.
China's and India's challenge to Latin America : opportunity or threat ( Book )
14 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 334 libraries worldwide
The economic successes of China and India are viewed with admiration but also with concern because of the effects that the growth of these Asian economies may have on the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. The evidence in China's and India's Challenge to Latin America indicates that certain manufacturing and service industries in some countries have been negatively affected by Chinese and Indian competition in third markets and that LAC imports from China and India have been associated with modest unemployment and adjustment costs in manufacturing industries. The book also provides substantial evidence of positive aggregate effects for LAC economies associated with China's and India's greater presence in world exports, financial flows, and innovation. Chinese and Indian growth is creating new production possibilities for LAC economies, particularly in sectors that rely on natural resources and scientific knowledge.
Who determines Mexican trade policy by Jean-Marie Grether ( Book )
12 editions published in 1999 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 51 libraries worldwide
During a period of trade liberalization (1985-89), when Mexican manufacturing experienced an important inflow of foreign direct investment, manufacturing sectors with heavy foreign direct investment received greater protection in import-competing sectors. With the move toward greater openness, the influence of industrial and foreign-investor lobbying on policy formation was reduced.
What's behind Mercosur's common external tariff by M Olarreaga ( Book )
12 editions published in 1999 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 49 libraries worldwide
Most researchers focus on the political economy (interest group pressures) approach to analyzing why customs unions are formed, but terms-of-trade effects were also important in formation of the common market of the Southern Cone (Mercosur). Terms-of-trade externalities among Mercosur's members have been internalized in the common external tariff.
Exports and information spillovers by Alessandro Nicita ( Book )
12 editions published in 2000 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 45 libraries worldwide
A developing country's good (or bad) export performance in one market can affect its future export performance not only in the same market but also in "neighboring" markets. This happens if importers in different countries share information about a particular exporter's performance or if exporters themselves take advantage of the information acquired while exporting to similar markets. Thus, through information spillovers, export success (or failure) becomes cumulative across markets.
Mode of foreign entry, technology transfer, and FDI policy by Aaditya Mattoo ( Book )
9 editions published in 2001 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 42 libraries worldwide
When technology transfer is costly, a foreign firm and host country government may differ in their preferences over direct entry and acquisition. Government intervention could help induce the socially preferred choice.
Unrestricted market access for Sub-Saharan Africa : how much is it worth and who pays by Elena Ianchovichina ( Book )
10 editions published in 2001 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 41 libraries worldwide
The European Union, Japan and the United States have recently announced initiatives to improve market access for the poorest countries. How would these initiatives affect Sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world.
Should credit be given for autonomous liberalization in multilateral trade negotiations by Aaditya Mattoo ( Book )
7 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 41 libraries worldwide
As each new round of multilateral trade negotiations approaches, there is a demand for a negotiating rule that would give credit for previous unilateral liberalization. The feasibility and desirability of such a rule depend on when it is instituted.
Foreign-owned capital and endogenous tariffs by M Olarreaga ( Book )
9 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and held by 40 libraries worldwide
The increase in investment abroad during the past two decades may help explain the simultaneous worldwide rush toward free trade. The entry of foreign capital may change the political game, increasing openness to international trade no matter what form the foreign capital takes (whether entering by acquiring equity in existing domestic firms or by bringing foreign firms into the host economy) or what its trade orientation (whether it enters the export or import-competing sector).
How costly is it for poor farmers to lift themselves out of subsistence by Olivier Cadot ( Book )
14 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 38 libraries worldwide
The main objective of this paper is to provide estimates of the cost of moving out of subsistence for Madagascar's farmers. The analysis is based on a simple asset-return model of occupational choice. Estimates suggest that the entry (sunk) cost associated with moving out of subsistence can be quite large - somewhere between 124 and 153 percent of a subsistence farmer's annual production. Our results make it possible to identify farm characteristics likely to generate large gains, if moved out of subsistence, yielding useful information for the targeting of trade-adjustment assistance programs.
On "indirect" trade-related R & D spillovers by Olivier Lumenga-Neso ( Book )
5 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
Trade does matter for the international transmission of knowledge. And the indirect trade-related transmission of knowledge is at least as important as its direct transmission.
Regional integration and lobbying for tariffs against non members by Olivier Cadot ( Book )
13 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 35 libraries worldwide
Import demand elasticities and trade distortions by Hiau Looi Kee ( Book )
8 editions published in 2004 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 35 libraries worldwide
Eliminating excessive tariffs on exports of least developed countries by Bernard M Hoekman ( Book )
8 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 35 libraries worldwide
Average most-favored-nation tariffs in the "Quad" (Canada, the European Union, Japan, and the United States) have fallen to about 5 percent. But tariffs more than three times the average most-favored-nation duty are not uncommon in the Quad and have a disproportionate effect on exports of least developed countries. Giving the poorest countries duty-free access for peak-tariff products would increase their total annual exports by roughly $2.5 billion.
Estimating trade restrictiveness indices by Hiau Looi Kee ( Book )
10 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
The objective of this paper is to provide indicators of trade restrictiveness that include both measures of tariff and nontariff barriers for 91 developing and industrial countries. For each country, the authors estimate three trade restrictiveness indices. The first one summarizes the degree of trade distortions that each country imposes on itself through its own trade policies. The second one focuses on the trade distortions imposed by each country on its import bundle. The last index focuses on market access and summarizes the trade distortions imposed by the rest of the world on each country's export bundle. All indices are estimated for the broad aggregates of manufacturing and agriculture products. Results suggest that poor countries (and those with the highest poverty headcount) tend to be more restrictive, but they also face the highest trade barriers on their export bundle. This is partly explained by the fact that agriculture protection is generally larger than manufacturing protection. Nontariff barriers contribute more than 70 percent on average to world protection, underlying their importance for any study on trade protection.
Export promotion agencies : what works and what doesn't by Daniel Lederman ( Book )
8 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
The number of national export promotion agencies (EPAs) has tripled over the past two decades. While more countries have made them part of their national export strategy, studies have criticized their efficiency in developing countries. Partly in reaction to these critiques, EPAs have been retooled (see ITC 1998 or 2000, for example). This paper studies the impact of existing EPAs and their strategies based on a new data set covering 104 industrial and developing countries. Results suggest that on average they have a strong and statistically significant impact on exports. For each $1 of export promotion, the paper estimates a $300 increase in exports for the median EPA. However, there is heterogeneity across regions, levels of development, and types of instruments. Furthermore, there are strong diminishing returns, suggesting that as far as EPAs are concerned, small is beautiful.
Trade preferences to small developing countries and the welfare costs of lost multilateral liberalization by Nuno Limão ( Book )
8 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 33 libraries worldwide
The proliferation of preferential trade liberalization over the last 20 years has raised the question of whether it slows down multilateral trade liberalization. Recent theoretical and empirical evidence indicates this is the case even for unilateral preferences that developed countries provide to small and poor countries but there is no estimate of the resulting welfare costs. To avoid this stumbling block effect we suggest replacing unilateral preferences by a fixed import subsidy. We argue that this scheme would reduce the drag of preferences on multilateral liberalization and generate a Pareto improvement. More importantly, we provide the first estimates of the welfare cost of preferential liberalization as a stumbling block to multilateral liberalization. By combining recent estimates of the stumbling block effect of preferences with data for 170 countries and over 5,000 products we calculate the welfare effects of the United States, European Union and Japan switching from unilateral preferences to Least Developed Countries to the import subsidy scheme. Even in a model with no dynamic gains to trade we find that the switch produces an annual net welfare gain for the 170 countries ($4,354 million) and for each group: the United States, European Union and Japan ($2,934 million), Least Developed Countries ($520 million) and the rest of the world ($900 million).
Reducing agricultural tariffs versus domestic support : what's more important for Developing countries by Bernard M Hoekman ( Book )
10 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 31 libraries worldwide
Information diffusion in international markets by Alejandro Izquierdo ( Book )
10 editions published in 2003 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 31 libraries worldwide
Can bilateralism ease the pains of multilateral trade liberalization by Olivier Cadot ( Book )
9 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 31 libraries worldwide
Africa, Sub-Saharan Agricultural subsidies Agriculture and state Agriculture and state--Econometric models Brazil Case studies China Commerce Commercial policy Corporations, Foreign Credit Customs unions Developed countries Developing countries Duty-free importation Exports Free trade Free trade--Econometric models Gross domestic product Imports India Industrial productivity Information services International economic integration International economic relations International economic relations--Econometric models International trade Investments, Foreign Latin America Madagascar Manufacturing industries Markup MERCOSUR (Organization) Mexico Poverty Pricing Protectionism Research, Industrial--Econometric models South America--Southern Cone of South America Tariff Tariff--Econometric models Tariff--Economic aspects Tariff preferences Tariff preferences--Econometric models Technological innovations--Econometric models Technology transfer Technology transfer--Econometric models Terms of trade United States World Trade Organization
Olarreaga, M. fl.1996-