WorldCat Identities

Olarreaga, M. (Marcelo)

Overview
Works: 153 works in 672 publications in 2 languages and 4,609 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Editor, Honoree
Classifications: HF1379, 339.46091724
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  M Olarreaga Publications about M Olarreaga
Publications by  M Olarreaga Publications by M Olarreaga
Most widely held works by M Olarreaga
Global trade and poor nations the poverty impacts and policy implications of liberalization ( )
8 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 1,525 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Assesses the impact of reformed trade policies on the poorest of the poor from a spectrum of poor nations across different regions. Provides guidelines regarding the likely impacts of a global trade reform, utilizing a methodology that combines information to capture effects at the macro level and in individual households"--Provided by publisher
China's and India's challenge to Latin America : opportunity or threat? by World Bank ( Book )
20 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 473 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The economic successes of China and India are viewed with admiration but also with concern because of the effects that the growth of these Asian economies may have on the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. The evidence in China's and India's Challenge to Latin America indicates that certain manufacturing and service industries in some countries have been negatively affected by Chinese and Indian competition in third markets and that LAC imports from China and India have been associated with modest unemployment and adjustment costs in manufacturing industries. The book also provides substantial evidence of positive aggregate effects for LAC economies associated with China's and India's greater presence in world exports, financial flows, and innovation. Chinese and Indian growth is creating new production possibilities for LAC economies, particularly in sectors that rely on natural resources and scientific knowledge
Who determines Mexican trade policy by Jean-Marie Grether ( Book )
14 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
During a period of trade liberalization (1985-89), when Mexican manufacturing experienced an important inflow of foreign direct investment, manufacturing sectors with heavy foreign direct investment received greater protection in import-competing sectors. With the move toward greater openness, the influence of industrial and foreign-investor lobbying on policy formation was reduced
Reducing agricultural tariffs versus domestic support : what's more important for Developing countries by Bernard M Hoekman ( Book )
19 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
What's behind Mercosur's common external tariff? by M Olarreaga ( Book )
18 editions published in 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Most researchers focus on the political economy (interest group pressures) approach to analyzing why customs unions are formed, but terms-of-trade effects were also important in formation of the Common Market of the Southern Cone (Mercosur). Terms-of-trade externalities among Mercosur's members have been internalized in the common external tariff. - The theoretical literature on trade follows two different approaches to explaining the endogenous formation of customs unions: (1) The terms-of-trade approach, in which integrating partners are willing to exploit terms-of-trade effects. Using the terms-of-trade approach, one concludes that tariffs on imports from the rest of the world should increase after the formation of a regional bloc, because the market power of the region increases and terms-of-trade externalities can be internalized in the custom union's common external tariff. As the union forms, the domestic market gets larger and members' international market power increases. (2) The interest group pressures (political economy) approach, in which, for example, the customs union may offer the potential for exchanging markets or protection within the enlarged market. Using this approach, one would usually conclude that tariffs for the rest of the world decline after the custom union's formation - a rationale related to free-rider effects in larger lobbying groups. It is important to recognize the forces behind the formation of customs unions. Most researchers have focused on the second approach and neglected terms of trade as a possible explanatory variable. Both rationales explain a significant share of tariff information. Results, write Olarreaga, Soloaga, and Winters, suggest that both forces were important in formation of the Common Market of the Southern Cone (Mercosur). Terms-of-trade effects account for between 6 percent and 28 percent of the explained variation in the structure of protection. There is also evidence that the terms-of-trade externalities among Mercosur's members have been internalized in the common external tariff. This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to understand the political economy of trade protection. Marcelo Olarreaga may be contacted at molarreaga@worldbank.org
Exports and information spillovers by Alessandro Nicita ( )
17 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and Undetermined and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A developing country's good (or bad) export performance in one market can affect its future export performance not only in the same market but also in "neighboring" markets. This happens if importers in different countries share information about a particular exporter's performance or if exporters themselves take advantage of the information acquired while exporting to similar markets. Thus, through information spillovers, export success (or failure) becomes cumulative across markets
Sugar prices, labor income, and poverty in Brazil by Ekaterina Krivonos ( )
15 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper assesses the impact that a potential liberalization of sugar regimes in OECD countries could have on household labor income and poverty in Brazil. The authors first estimate the extent of price transmission from world markets to 11 Brazilian states to capture the fact that some local markets may be relatively more isolated from changes in world prices. They then simultaneously estimate the impact that changes in domestic sugar prices have on regional wages and employment depending on worker characteristics. Finally, they measure the impact on household income of a 10 percent increase in world sugar prices. Results suggest that workers in the sugar sector and in sugar-producing regions have better employment opportunities and experience larger wage increases. More interestingly, households at the top of the income distribution experience larger income gains due to higher wages, whereas households at the bottom of the distribution experience larger income gains due to movements out of unemployment
Markups, entry regulation, and trade does country size matter? by Bernard M Hoekman ( )
14 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Country size matters in determining the effectiveness of domestic and foreign competition on pricing behavior in manufacturing. Removing barriers to entry of new firms reduces markups more in large countries, while removing barriers to imports reduces markups more in small countries
Mode of foreign entry, technology transfer, and FDI policy by Aaditya Mattoo ( Book )
13 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
When technology transfer is costly, a foreign firm and host country government may differ in their preferences over direct entry and acquisition. Government intervention could help induce the socially preferred choice
Unrestricted market access for Sub-Saharan Africa how much is it worth and who pays by Elena Ianchovichina ( Book )
15 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The European Union, Japan and the United States have recently announced initiatives to improve market access for the poorest countries. How would these initiatives affect Sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world
Market access for sale : Latin America's lobbying for U.S. tariff preferences by Hiau Looi Kee ( Book )
14 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 75 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Kee, Olarreaga, and Silva assess the foreign lobbying forces behind the tariff preferences that the United States grants to Latin American and Caribbean countries. The authors extend the basic framework developed by Grossman and Helpman (1994) to explain the relationship between foreign lobbying and tariff preferences. Their results suggest that returns to Latin American and Caribbean exporters lobbying for tariff preferences in the United States are around 50 percent. The reason for these large returns is the relatively low estimated weight given to social welfare in the U.S. government{u2019}s objective function when deciding whether or not to grant tariff preferences to Latin American and Caribbean exporters. This paper{u2014}a product of Trade, Development Research Group{u2014}is part of a larger effort in the group to study the issues related to trade and growth
Should credit be given for autonomous liberalization in multilateral trade negotiations? by Aaditya Mattoo ( Book )
13 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 74 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
As each new round of multilateral trade negotiations approaches, there is a demand for a negotiating rule that would give credit for previous unilateral liberalization. The feasibility and desirability of such a rule depend on when it is instituted
Estimating trade restrictiveness indices by Hiau Looi Kee ( )
14 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The objective of this paper is to provide indicators of trade restrictiveness that include both measures of tariff and nontariff barriers for 91 developing and industrial countries. For each country, the authors estimate three trade restrictiveness indices. The first one summarizes the degree of trade distortions that each country imposes on itself through its own trade policies. The second one focuses on the trade distortions imposed by each country on its import bundle. The last index focuses on market access and summarizes the trade distortions imposed by the rest of the world on each country's export bundle. All indices are estimated for the broad aggregates of manufacturing and agriculture products. Results suggest that poor countries (and those with the highest poverty headcount) tend to be more restrictive, but they also face the highest trade barriers on their export bundle. This is partly explained by the fact that agriculture protection is generally larger than manufacturing protection. Nontariff barriers contribute more than 70 percent on average to world protection, underlying their importance for any study on trade protection
Information diffusion in international markets by Alejandro Izquierdo ( )
14 editions published in 2003 in English and Spanish and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
How costly is it for poor farmers to lift themselves out of subsistence? by Olivier Cadot ( Book )
15 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The main objective of this paper is to provide estimates of the cost of moving out of subsistence for Madagascar's farmers. The analysis is based on a simple asset-return model of occupational choice. Estimates suggest that the entry (sunk) cost associated with moving out of subsistence can be quite large - somewhere between 124 and 153 percent of a subsistence farmer's annual production. Our results make it possible to identify farm characteristics likely to generate large gains, if moved out of subsistence, yielding useful information for the targeting of trade-adjustment assistance programs
Trade preferences to small developing countries and the welfare costs of lost multilateral liberalization by Nuno Limão ( Book )
10 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The proliferation of preferential trade liberalization over the last 20 years has raised the question of whether it slows down multilateral trade liberalization. Recent theoretical and empirical evidence indicates this is the case even for unilateral preferences that developed countries provide to small and poor countries but there is no estimate of the resulting welfare costs. To avoid this stumbling block effect we suggest replacing unilateral preferences by a fixed import subsidy. We argue that this scheme would reduce the drag of preferences on multilateral liberalization and generate a Pareto improvement. More importantly, we provide the first estimates of the welfare cost of preferential liberalization as a stumbling block to multilateral liberalization. By combining recent estimates of the stumbling block effect of preferences with data for 170 countries and over 5,000 products we calculate the welfare effects of the United States, European Union and Japan switching from unilateral preferences to Least Developed Countries to the import subsidy scheme. Even in a model with no dynamic gains to trade we find that the switch produces an annual net welfare gain for the 170 countries ($4,354 million) and for each group: the United States, European Union and Japan ($2,934 million), Least Developed Countries ($520 million) and the rest of the world ($900 million)
Eliminating excessive tariffs on exports of least developed countries by Bernard M Hoekman ( Book )
10 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Average most-favored-nation tariffs in the "Quad" (Canada, the European Union, Japan, and the United States) have fallen to about 5 percent. But tariffs more than three times the average most-favored-nation duty are not uncommon in the Quad and have a disproportionate effect on exports of least developed countries. Giving the poorest countries duty-free access for peak-tariff products would increase their total annual exports by roughly $2.5 billion
Import demand elasticities and trade distortions by Hiau Looi Kee ( Book )
10 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"To study the effects of tariffs on gross domestic product (GDP), one needs import demand elasticities at the tariff line level that are consistent with GDP maximization. These do not exist. Kee, Nicita, and Olarreaga modify Kohli's (1991) GDP function approach to estimate demand elasticities for 4,625 imported goods in 117 countries. Following Anderson and Neary (1992, 1994) and Feenstra (1995), they use these estimates to construct theoretically sound trade restrictiveness indices and GDP losses associated with existing tariff structures. Countries are revealed to be 30 percent more restrictive than their simple or import-weighted average tariffs would suggest. Thus, distortion is nontrivial. GDP losses are largest in China, Germany, India, Mexico, and the United States. This paper--a product of the Trade Team, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to measure trade restrictiveness"--World Bank web site
Foreign-owned capital and endogenous tariffs by M Olarreaga ( Book )
6 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The increase in investment abroad during the past two decades may help explain the simultaneous worldwide rush toward free trade. The entry of foreign capital may change the political game, increasing openness to international trade no matter what form the foreign capital takes (whether entering by acquiring equity in existing domestic firms or by bringing foreign firms into the host economy) or what its trade orientation (whether it enters the export or import-competing sector)
Trade-related technology diffusion and the dynamics of North-South and South-South integration by Maurice W Schiff ( )
5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
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Alternative Names
Olarreaga, M.
Olarreaga, Marcelo
Olarreage, Marcelo
Languages
English (261)
Spanish (1)
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