WorldCat Identities

Olarreaga, M. (Marcelo)

Overview
Works: 195 works in 852 publications in 2 languages and 6,547 library holdings
Genres: Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Thesis advisor, 958, Honoree
Classifications: HG3881.5.W57, 339.46091724
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by M Olarreaga
Global trade and poor nations : the poverty impacts and policy implications of liberalization( Book )

13 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 510 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Assesses the impact of reformed trade policies on the poorest of the poor from a spectrum of poor nations across different regions. Provides guidelines regarding the likely impacts of a global trade reform, utilizing a methodology that combines information to capture effects at the macro level and in individual households"--Provided by publisher
China's and India's challenge to Latin America : opportunity or threat? by World Bank( Book )

19 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 263 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The economic successes of China and India are viewed with admiration but also with concern because of the effects that the growth of these Asian economies may have on the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. The evidence in China's and India's Challenge to Latin America indicates that certain manufacturing and service industries in some countries have been negatively affected by Chinese and Indian competition in third markets and that LAC imports from China and India have been associated with modest unemployment and adjustment costs in manufacturing industries. The book also provides sub
Who determines Mexican trade policy by Jean-Marie Grether( Book )

16 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During a period of trade liberalization (1985-89), when Mexican manufacturing experienced an important inflow of foreign direct investment, manufacturing sectors with heavy foreign direct investment received greater protection in import-competing sectors. With the move toward greater openness, the influence of industrial and foreign-investor lobbying on policy formation was reduced
What's Behind Mercosur's Common External Tariff? by M Olarreaga( )

21 editions published in 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Riation in the structure of protection. There is also evidence that the terms-of-trade externalities among Mercosur's members have been internalized in the common external tariff. This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to understand the political economy of trade protection. Marcelo Olarreaga may be contacted at molarreaga@worldbank.org
Should Credit Be Given for Autonomous Liberalization in Multilateral Trade Negotiations? by Aaditya Mattoo( )

17 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and Undetermined and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

June 2000 - As each new round of multilateral trade negotiations approaches, there is a demand for a negotiating rule that would give credit for previous unilateral liberalization. The feasibility and desirability of such a rule depend on when it is instituted. As each new round of multilateral trade negotiations approaches, there is a demand for a negotiating rule that would give credit for autonomous (unilateral) liberalization. Mattoo and Olarreaga show that the feasibility and desirability of such a rule depend on when it is instituted. A credit rule established at the beginning of a round of negotiations has a primarily distributional effect, favoring those who have already undertaken liberalization. Implementing such a rule would depend on the generosity of those who have not liberalized. The authors propose instead establishing a credit rule at the end of a round of negotiations, which creates an ex ante assurance that any unilateral liberalization will receive credit in the next round. Such a rule would help induce or enhance liberalization in some countries between negotiating rounds by reducing the gains from retaining protection as negotiating currency. More strikingly, it could also lead to deeper levels of multilateral liberalization and induce other countries to go further than they would in the absence of a rule. Most important, such an ex ante rule would not rely on altruism to be generally acceptable. This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to improve trade policy in goods and services. The authors may be contacted at amattoo@worldbank.org or molarreaga@worldbank.org
Exports and information spillovers by Alessandro Nicita( )

21 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A developing country's good (or bad) export performance in one market can affect its future export performance not only in the same market but also in "neighboring" markets. This happens if importers in different countries share information about a particular exporter's performance or if exporters themselves take advantage of the information acquired while exporting to similar markets. Thus, through information spillovers, export success (or failure) becomes cumulative across markets
Market Access for Sale Latin America's Lobbying for U.S. Tariff Preferences by Hiau Joo Kee( )

21 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Kee, Olarreaga, and Silva assess the foreign lobbying forces behind the tariff preferences that the United States grants to Latin American and Caribbean countries. The authors extend the basic framework developed by Grossman and Helpman (1994) to explain the relationship between foreign lobbying and tariff preferences. Their results suggest that returns to Latin American and Caribbean exporters lobbying for tariff preferences in the United States are around 50 percent. The reason for these large returns is the relatively low estimated weight given to social welfare in the U.S. government{u2019}s objective function when deciding whether or not to grant tariff preferences to Latin American and Caribbean exporters. This paper{u2014}a product of Trade, Development Research Group{u2014}is part of a larger effort in the group to study the issues related to trade and growth
Foreign-owned capital and endogenous tariffs by M Olarreaga( Book )

13 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The increase in investment abroad during the past two decades may help explain the simultaneous worldwide rush toward free trade. The entry of foreign capital may change the political game, increasing openness to international trade no matter what form the foreign capital takes (whether entering by acquiring equity in existing domestic firms or by bringing foreign firms into the host economy) or what its trade orientation (whether it enters the export or import-competing sector)
Trade Preferences to Small Developing Countries and the Welfare Costs of Lost Multilateral Liberalization by Nuno Limão( )

14 editions published in 2005 in English and Undetermined and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The proliferation of preferential trade liberalization over the last 20 years has raised the question of whether it slows down multilateral trade liberalization. Recent theoretical and empirical evidence indicates this is the case even for unilateral preferences that developed countries provide to small and poor countries but there is no estimate of the resulting welfare costs. To avoid this stumbling block effect we suggest replacing unilateral preferences by a fixed import subsidy. We argue that this scheme would reduce the drag of preferences on multilateral liberalization and generate a Pareto improvement. More importantly, we provide the first estimates of the welfare cost of preferential liberalization as a stumbling block to multilateral liberalization. By combining recent estimates of the stumbling block effect of preferences with data for 170 countries and over 5,000 products we calculate the welfare effects of the United States, European Union and Japan switching from unilateral preferences to Least Developed Countries to the import subsidy scheme. Even in a model with no dynamic gains to trade we find that the switch produces an annual net welfare gain for the 170 countries (
Unrestricted market access for Sub-Saharan Africa how much is it worth and who pays by Elena Ianchovichina( )

18 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The European Union, Japan and the United States have recently announced initiatives to improve market access for the poorest countries. How would these initiatives affect Sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world
Estimating trade restrictiveness indices by Hiau Looi Kee( )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The objective of this paper is to provide indicators of trade restrictiveness that include both measures of tariff and nontariff barriers for 91 developing and industrial countries. For each country, the authors estimate three trade restrictiveness indices. The first one summarizes the degree of trade distortions that each country imposes on itself through its own trade policies. The second one focuses on the trade distortions imposed by each country on its import bundle. The last index focuses on market access and summarizes the trade distortions imposed by the rest of the world on each country's export bundle. All indices are estimated for the broad aggregates of manufacturing and agriculture products. Results suggest that poor countries (and those with the highest poverty headcount) tend to be more restrictive, but they also face the highest trade barriers on their export bundle. This is partly explained by the fact that agriculture protection is generally larger than manufacturing protection. Nontariff barriers contribute more than 70 percent on average to world protection, underlying their importance for any study on trade protection. "--World Bank web site
Mode of foreign entry, technology transfer, and FDI policy by Aaditya Mattoo( )

14 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When technology transfer is costly, a foreign firm and host country government may differ in their preferences over direct entry and acquisition. Government intervention could help induce the socially preferred choice
Information diffusion in international markets by Jacques Morisset( )

19 editions published in 2003 in 3 languages and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Globalization has been a persistent phenomenon of the post-war period. The gross volume of cross-border capital flows has grown at an average of 25 percent a year, and trade in goods and services has also increased, albeit not as dramatically, but at least twice as fast as world GDP over the past 20 years. Yet, consumers and investors continue to spend and hold a disproportionate share of their assets in local markets--the so-called home-bias has been emphasized by many recent empirical studies. For many researchers, this home bias reflects information asymmetries and the fact that acquiring information across international borders is relatively costly. The main objective of the authors is to identify channels through which information gets disseminated across international markets. They consider three potential channels through which information can affect import and foreign equity purchase decisions in 14 OECD countries. The first channel consists of information spillovers from the commercial to the financial markets and vice-versa. Financial investors and importers share common information, which is also frequently conveyed to them by the same source--banks or financial intermediaries. The second and third channels emphasize seller and buyer reputations in international markets. The seller reputation channel stresses the importance given by, for example, importers in the United States who are considering buying products from Italy to the experience that Canadian and Japanese importers may have accumulated on Italian exporters. The buyer reputation channel examines to what extent a foreign investor or trader seeks information on the reliability of the foreign buyer by assessing his reputation in other countries. While the last two channels are equally important in explaining bilateral import flows, buyer reputation appears to be of greater importance for equity flows in the sample. The authors argue that these three channels may help provide some insights about the recent episodes of contagion across markets and countries that occurred over the past decade. These information channels can create virtuous or vicious circles that may, in turn, lead to unexpected changes in investors' and traders' behaviors across markets. This paper--a product of Trade, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to understand international capital and trade flows
Export Promotion Agencies What Works And What Doesn't by Daniel Lederman( )

15 editions published between 2006 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The number of national export promotion agencies (EPAs) has tripled over the past two decades. While more countries have made them part of their national export strategy, studies have criticized their efficiency in developing countries. Partly in reaction to these critiques, EPAs have been retooled (see ITC 1998 or 2000, for example). This paper studies the impact of existing EPAs and their strategies based on a new data set covering 104 industrial and developing countries. Results suggest that on average they have a strong and statistically significant impact on exports. For each
Eliminating excessive tariffs on exports of least developed countries by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

11 editions published between 1999 and 2002 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Average most-favored-nation tariffs in the "Quad" (Canada, the European Union, Japan, and the United States) have fallen to about 5 percent. But tariffs more than three times the average most-favored-nation duty are not uncommon in the Quad and have a disproportionate effect on exports of least developed countries. Giving the poorest countries duty-free access for peak-tariff products would increase their total annual exports by roughly $2.5 billion
Reciprocity across Modes of Supply in the World Trade Organization A Negotiating Formula by Aaditya Mattoo( )

13 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and Undetermined and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

June 2000 - If negotiations on trade in services at the World Trade Organization are to advance liberalization beyond levels undertaken unilaterally and lead to more balanced outcomes, reciprocity must play a greater role in negotiations. This may be facilitated by the use of negotiating rules that establish credible links across sectors and modes of delivery. Negotiations on trade in services at the World Trade Organization (WTO) have so far produced little liberalization beyond levels countries have undertaken unilaterally. One reason: limited application of the traditional negotiating principle of reciprocity. In particular, participants have failed to exploit the scope of the services agreement (GATS) for the exchange of market-access concessions across different modes of supply - cross-border delivery and the movement of capital and workers. Using the Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek framework, Mattoo and Olarreaga propose a negotiating formula that generalizes the fundamental WTO principle of reciprocity to include alternative modes of delivery. Adoption of this formula as a basis for negotiations could bring greater commitments to liberalization on all modes of delivery, producing substantial gains in global welfare and more balanced outcomes. This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to improve trade policy in goods and services. The authors may be contacted at amattoo@worldbank.org or molarreaga@worldbank.org
Trade-related technology diffusion and the dynamics of North-South and South-South integration by Maurice W Schiff( )

10 editions published between 2002 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines the impact on total factor productivity of North-South and South-South trade-related research and development (R&D) spillovers. It is the first to do so at the industry level for developing countries. North-South and South-South R&D flows are constructed based on industry-specific R&D in the North, North-South and South-South trade patterns, and input-output relations in the South. The main findings are: 1) North-South and South-South R&D flows have a positive impact on total factor productivity, though the former is larger. 2) R&D-intensive industries benefit mainly from North-South R&D flows while low R&D-intensive industries benefit mainly from South-South R&D flows. These results have implications for dynamic comparative advantage and for the dynamics of North-South and South-South regional integration
Trade and production, 1976-99 by Alessandro Nicita( )

9 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A new database eases the way for researchers analyzing statistics on trade, production and tariffs
Markups, entry regulation, and trade : does country size matter? by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

17 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Country size matters in determining the effectiveness of domestic and foreign competition on pricing behavior in manufacturing. Removing barriers to entry of new firms reduces markups more in large countries, while removing barriers to imports reduces markups more in small countries
Reducing agricultural tariffs versus domestic support : what's more important for Developing countries by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

16 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

High levels of protection and domestic support for farmers in industrial countries significantly affect many developing countries, both directly and through the price-depressing effect of agricultural support policies. High tariffs--in both rich and poor countries--and domestic support may also lower the world price of agricultural products, benefiting net importers. Hoekman, Ng, and Olarreaga assess the impact of reducing tariffs and domestic support in a sample of 119 countries. Least developed countries (LDCs) are disproportionately affected by agricultural support policies. More than 18 percent of LDC exports are subject to domestic support in at least one World Trade Organization (WTO) member, as compared to only 9 percent of their imports. For other developing countries the figures are around 4 percent for both their exports and imports. So, the prevailing pattern of trade suggests the world price-reducing effect of agricultural domestic support policies may induce a welfare loss in LDCs. The authors develop a simple partial equilibrium model of global trade in commodities that benefit from domestic support in at least one WTO member. The simulation results suggest there will be large differences between LDCs and other developing economies in terms of the impact of a 50 percent cut in tariffs as compared to a 50 percent cut in domestic support. Developing countries as a group would suffer a welfare loss from a cut in support, while LDCs would experience a small gain. For both groups of countries, tariff reductions by WTO members--including own liberalization--will have a positive effect on welfare. The results show both the importance of focusing on tariffs as well as subsities, and the need for complementary actions to allow a domestic supply response to occur in developing countries if world prices rise. This paper--a product of Trade, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to analyze the effects of trade-related policies on developing countries
 
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Global trade and poor nations : the poverty impacts and policy implications of liberalization
Alternative Names
Olarreaga, M.

Olarreaga, Marcelo

Olarreage, Marcelo

Languages
English (303)

Spanish (1)

Covers
China's and India's challenge to Latin America : opportunity or threat?