WorldCat Identities

Ahearn, Raymond J.

Works: 64 works in 181 publications in 1 language and 2,321 library holdings
Genres: Commercial treaties 
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Raymond J Ahearn
Trade and the Americas by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

45 editions published between 1995 and 2013 in English and held by 441 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Assessments differ on whether the movement toward hemispheric free trade is "on-track" or "off-track." The former perspective holds that a solid foundation and structure for the negotiations has been agreed to, draft chapters have been submitted, and that most initial market access offers have been made by a February 15, 2003 deadline. The latter perspective holds that political and economic turbulence in Latin America, particularly in Argentina and Venezuela, combined with U.S.-Brazilian differences over the U.S.-Brazilian differences over the content and scope of the FTAA, are impeding efforts to achieve hemispheric free trade. Premised on the view that simultaneous negotiations serve as prods and stepping-stones to hemispheric free trade, the Bush Administration has also pursued other free trade agreements (FTAs) with countries in the region ..."--Summary
U.S.-European Union trade relations : issues and policy changes by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

23 editions published between 2001 and 2006 in English and held by 169 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

European Union-U.S. trade conflicts and economic relationship( Book )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

U.S.-Thailand free trade agreement negotiations by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

11 editions published between 2004 and 2006 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

President Bush and Thai Prime Minister Thaskin on October 19, 2003, agreed to negotiate a bilateral free trade agreement (FTA). The Bush Administration notified Congress on February 12, 2004, that it intends to begin the negotiations, prompting a 90-day consultation period with Congress and the private sector. Five negotiating rounds have taken place to date, the most recent September 26- September 30, 2005, in Hawaii. U.S. trade officials hope to conclude the negotiations by early 2006. In the notification letter sent to the congressional leadership, then-U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick put forth an array of commercial and foreign policy gains that could be derived from the agreement. The letter states that an FTA would be particularly beneficial to U.S. agricultural producers who have urged the administration to move forward, as well as to U.S. companies exporting goods and services to Thailand and investing there. Mr. Zoellick also alluded to sensitive issues that will need to be addressed: trade in automobiles, protection of intellectual property rights, and labor and environmental standards. As in most FTA negotiations, competing viewpoints on the desirability and nature of the provisions of the agreement are likely. As background for congressional oversight of the negotiations, this report examines Thailand's economy and trade orientation, discusses the scope and significance of the U.S.-Thai commercial relationship, and summarizes key negotiating issues. Thailand's economy has recovered strongly from the 1997 Asian financial crisis. In 2004 the Thai economy grew at 5.2% in real terms and yielded a per capita income of 2,490. With around 20% of Thai exports destined for the U.S. market, the United States is Thailand's largest export market. In 2004, Thailand was the United States' 19th largest trade partner, accounting for 23.5 billion in trade turnover (17.5 billion in U.S. imports and 5.8 billion in U.S. exports). Countries that form FTAs agree at a minimum to phase out or reduce tariff and non-tariff barriers (NTB) on mutual trade in order to enhance market access between the trading partners. The U.S.-Thailand FTA is expected to be comprehensive, seeking to liberalize trade in goods, agriculture, services, and investment, as well as intellectual property rights. Other issues such as government procurement, competition policy, environment and labor standards, and customs procedures are also likely to be on the negotiating table. The U.S.-Thailand FTA negotiations are of interest to Congress because (1) an agreement would require passage of implementing legislation to go into effect; (2) an agreement could increase U.S. exports of goods, services, and investment, with particular benefits for agricultural exports; and (3) an agreement could increase competition for U.S. import-competing industries such as textiles and apparel and light trucks, thereby raising the issue of job losses. This report will be updated as events warrant
U.S.-French commercial ties by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

5 editions published between 2004 and 2008 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

European trade retaliation : the FSC-ETI case by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Morocco-U.S. free trade agreement by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

4 editions published between 2003 and 2005 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States and Morocco reached agreement on March 2, 2004 to create a free trade agreement (FTA). The FTA is intended to strengthen bilateral ties, boost trade and investment flows, and bolster Morocco's position as a moderate Arab state. More than 95% of bilateral trade in consumer and industrial products will become duty-free upon entry into force of the agreement. The Senate approved implementing legislation (S. 2677) on July 2, 2004 by a vote of 85-13 and the House approved identical legislation (H.R. 4842) on July 22, 2004 by a vote of 323-99. The next day, the Senate passed House approved H.R. 4842 without amendment by unanimous consent. The legislation was signed by President Bush into law (P.L.108-302) on August 3, 2004. While the FTA was initially scheduled to be implemented on January 1, 2005, it is now expected to go into effect on July 1, 2005. The half-year delay in implementing the agreement is due in part to the fact that the Moroccan government did not finish ratifying the agreement until January 18, 2005. This report will be updated later this year
Japan's free trade agreement program by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Globalization, worker insecurity, and policy approaches by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

6 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. economy is becoming increasingly open to the world economy. With international trade and investment at record levels, much of what Americans consume or buy is produced in other countries. Similarly, much of what Americans produce is exported abroad. Huge quantities of capital or money flow into and out of the United States every day, swamping the value of goods and services that are exchanged. New technologies and business practices accompany the flows of investment capital. A growing number of the largest U.S. companies rely on international markets for over 50% of their sales and employ more foreign workers than domestic. In the process, today's global economy, or what many call globalization, is having a growing impact on the economic futures of American companies, workers, and families
U.S.-European Union relations and the 2007 Summit by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. Congress and successive U.S. administrations have supported the European Union (EU) and the process of European integration as ways to foster a stable Europe, democratic states, and strong trading partners. In recent years, a number of trade and foreign policy conflicts have strained the U.S.-EU relationship. Since the divisive dispute over Iraq in 2003, however, both the United States and the EU have sought to improve cooperation and demonstrate a renewed commitment to partnership in tackling global challenges. This report evaluates current issues in the U.S.-EU relationship ahead of the annual U.S.-EU summit on April 30, 2007, in Washington, DC. It will be updated as events warrant
Europe's new trade agenda by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Soon after the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations came to a standstill in July 2006, the European Union (EU) announced its intention to enter into more bilateral and regional free trade agreements (FTAs). While the EU historically has been a leading force for preferential trade agreements, its main priority for the past five years has been negotiating an ambitious Doha Round agreement. Given that the EU is a global economic superpower, its resumption of a bilateral and preferential trade strategy has implications for the global trading system, as well as for U.S. trade interests. As articulated in a recently released policy paper, the EU will prioritize FTAs with areas according to their economic potential rather than on development aims. This report summarizes the EU's new initiative, casts the initiative in historical perspective, and assesses the implications of this shift for the global trading system and for U.S. interests. This report will be updated as events warrant. See also CRS Report RL30732, Trade Conflict and the U.S.-European Union Economic Relationship."--Page 1
Trade conflict and the U.S.-European Union economic relationship by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

4 editions published between 2001 and 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States and European Union (EU) share a huge, dynamic, and mutually beneficial economic partnership. Not only is the U.S.-EU trade and investment relationship the largest in the world, but it is also arguably the most important. Agreement between the two partners in the past has been critical to making the world trading system more open and efficient. Given the high level of U.S.-EU commercial interactions, trade tensions and disputes are not unexpected. In the past, U.S.-EU trade relations have witnessed periodic episodes of rising trade tensions and conflicts, only to be followed by successful efforts at dispute settlement. This ebb and flow of trade tensions occurred again last year with high-profile disputes involving tax breaks for U.S. exporters and production subsidies for the commercial aircraft sector. Major U.S.-EU trade disputes have varied causes. Some disputes stem from demands from producer interests for support or protection. Trade conflicts involving agriculture, aerospace, steel, and 'contingency protection' fit prominently into this grouping. These conflicts tend to be prompted by traditional trade barriers such as subsidies, tariffs, or industrial policy instruments, where the economic dimensions of the conflict predominate. Other conflicts arise when the U.S. or the EU initiate actions or measures to protect or promote their political and economic interests, often in the absence of significant private sector pressures. The underlying cause of these agreements are different foreign policy goals and priorities of Brussels and Washington. Still other conflicts stem from an array of domestic regulatory policies that reflect differing social and environmental values and objectives. Conflicts over hormone-treated beef, bio-engineered food products, protection of the audio-visual sector, and aircraft hushkits, for example, are rooted in different U.S.-EU regulatory approaches, as well as social preferences. These three categories of trade conflicts -- traditional, foreign policy, and regulatory -- possess varied potential for future trade conflict. This is due mostly to the fact that bilateral and multilateral agreements governing the settlement of disputes affect each category of disputes differently. By providing a fairly detailed map of permissible actions and obligations, trade agreements can dampen the inclination of governments to supply protection and private sector parties to demand protection. In sum, U.S.-EU bilateral trade conflicts do not appear to be as ominous and threatening as the media often portray, but they are not ephemeral distractions either. Rather they appear to have real, albeit limited, economic and political consequences for the bilateral relationship. From an economic perspective, the disputes may also be weakening efforts of the two partners to provide strong leadership to the global trading system
U.S.-European Union disputes in the World Trade Organization by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

U.S.-EU trade tensions : causes, consequences, and possible cures by Raymond J Ahearn( Book )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Germany is the world's fifth largest economy and the largest in Europe, accounting for about onefifth of the European Union's (EU) GDP. Germany is also the largest European trade and investment partner of the United States. Mutually profitable and growing U.S.-German commercial ties historically have been facilitated by a strong German economy. The health and functioning of the German economy, as well as its approaches to international economic policy issues, thus, are of considerable importance to the United States as well as to the rest of Europe
The future of the Eurozone and U.S. interests( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Seventeen of the European Union's 27 member states share an economic and monetary union (EMU) with the euro as a single currency. Based on a gross domestic product (GDP) and global trade and investment shares comparable to the United States, these countries (collectively referred to as the Eurozone) are a major player in the world economy and can affect U.S. economic and political interests in significant ways. Given its economic and political heft, the evolution and future direction of the Eurozone is of major interest to Congress, particularly committees with oversight responsibilities for U.S. international economic and foreign policies. If the Eurozone survives largely in its current form or strengthens, the impact on U.S. interests is likely to be minimal. However, if the Eurozone were to break-up in a way that undermines the functioning of Europe's single market or resurrects national divisions, the impact on U.S. economic and political interests could be significant
Transatlantic regulatory cooperation : background and analysis by Raymond J Ahearn( )

3 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Commercial ties between the United States and the 27-member European Union are substantial, growing, and mutually beneficial. However, differences in regulatory approaches limit an even more integrated marketplace from developing. To deal with this situation, a variety of government-to-government efforts have been created to dismantle existing regulatory barriers and to prevent new ones from emerging. These efforts fall under the rubric of transatlantic regulatory cooperation (TRC) and are at the heart of today's U.S.-EU economic relationship. This report is intended to serve as an introduction and primer on a complicated, broad, and often highly technical set of issues. Since the mid-1990s, both U.S. and European multinational companies have viewed divergent ways of regulating markets for both goods and services as the most serious barriers to transatlantic commerce. The primary reason why these companies seek to achieve greater harmonization in standards and regulatory procedures is to reduce costs imposed by having to comply with two different sets of regulations and standards
U.S.-EU trade and economic relations : key policy issues for the 112th Congress by Raymond J Ahearn( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The 112th Congress, in both its legislative and oversight roles, confronts numerous issues that affect the trade and economic relationship between the United States and the European Union (EU). As U.S.-EU commercial interactions drive significant job creation on both sides of the Atlantic, Congress is monitoring ongoing efforts to deepen transatlantic ties that are already large, dynamic, and mutually beneficial
Rising economic powers and U.S. trade policy by Raymond J Ahearn( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A handful of developing countries are becoming major players in the global economy due, in part, to their large populations, rising trade flows, and rapidly growing economies. These evolving economies are likely to be of increasing interest to the 113th Congress. Led by China, these rising economic powers (REPs) include Brazil, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Russia, and Turkey. Based on purchasing power parity estimates, China, India, Brazil, and Russia are now among the 10 largest economies in the world and Mexico (#11), Indonesia (#15) and Turkey (#16) are not far behind. With large economies and rising shares of world trade flows, the REPs have greater involvement in World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations and dispute settlement cases, have protested with greater frequency U.S. economic and trade policies, and are more able and willing to deflect or reject U.S. trade and market access demands
Europe : rising economic nationalism? by Raymond J Ahearn( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Several members of the European Union (EU) over the past year have been erecting barriers to cross-border mergers and acquisitions, possibly in violation of the Single Market commitments. The main focus of these anti-competitive actions, often dubbed economic nationalism or economic patriotism by the press, is on corporate control, particularly n the banking, steel, and energy sectors. Unlike the 1980s, when the main opposition to creation of the single Market for goods, capital, labor, and services came from companies resistant to being exposed to more international competition, the main opposition to liberalization today comes from some member state governments (and or politicians) fearful of losing national prestige and jobs as a result of merger activity. This report examines the nature and significance of rising economic nationalism, as well as how U.S. interests may be affected
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European Union-U.S. trade conflicts and economic relationship
English (123)