WorldCat Identities

Puga, Diego

Works: 47 works in 310 publications in 1 language and 1,210 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author, Contributor
Classifications: HB1, 330
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Diego Puga
Trading arrangements and industrial development by Diego Puga( Book )

15 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

June 1997 A new approach to analyzing the role of trade in promoting industrial development. How do different trading arrangements influence the industrialization process of developing countries? Can preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) be superior to multilateral liberalization, or at least an alternative when multilateral liberalization proceeds slowly? If so, what form should the PTAs take? Are developing countries better advised to seek PTAs with industrial countries or among themselves? Traditional analysis of these issues has been based on the ideas of trade creation and trade diversion. The problem with this analysis is that it starts from assuming a pattern of comparative advantage. This stands in sharp contrast to the apparently changing comparative advantage of newly industrialized countries. The experience of these countries suggests the need for an analysis in which the pattern of comparative advantage is not set in stone but is potentially flexible, and in which less developed countries can develop and converge in both income and economic structure to industrial economies. Puga and Venables outline an alternative approach for analyzing the role of trade in promoting industrial development. There are few fundamental differences between countries that generate immutable patterns of comparative advantage. Instead the pattern of trade and development in the world economy is determined mainly by history. Cumulative causation has created concentrations of industrial activity in particular locations (industrial countries) and left other areas more dependent on primary activities. Economic development can be thought of as the spread of these concentrations from country to country. Different trading arrangements may have a major impact on this development process. By changing the attractiveness of countries as a base for manufacturing production they can potentially trigger or postpone industrial development. This approach explains why firms are reluctant to move to economies that have lower wages and labor costs, and shows how trade liberalization can change the incentives to become established in developing countries. It provides a mechanism through which import liberalization can have a powerful effect in promoting industrialization. And it suggests that import liberalization may create or amplify differences between liberalizing countries with the possible political tensions this may create. While these features are consistent with the world economy, they fall short of providing convincing empirical support for the approach. Using the approach, the authors derive a number of conclusions about the effects of trade liberalization. First, that unilaterally liberalizing imports of manufactures can promote development of the local manufacturing industry. The mechanism is forward linkages from imported intermediates, but this may be interpreted as part of a wider package of linkages coming from these imports. Second, the gains from liberalization through PTA membership are likely to exceed those obtained from unilateral action. South-South PTAs will be sensitive to the market size of member states, and North-South PTAs seem to offer better prospects for participating Southern economies, if not for North and excluded countries. Third, the effects of particular schemes (such as the division of benefits between Southern economies) will depend on the characteristics of the countries and cross-country differences in these characteristics. This paper-a product of the International Trade Division, International Economics Department-was prepared for the research project on regional integration
From sectoral to functional urban specialization by Gilles Duranton( Book )

23 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 84 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Striking evidence is presented of a previously unremarked transformation of urban structure from mainly sectoral to mainly functional specialization. We offer an explanation showing that this transformation is inextricably interrelated with changes in firms' organization. A greater variety of business services for headquarters and of sector-specific intermediates for production plants within a city reduces costs, while congestion increases with city size. A fall in the costs of remote management leads to a transformation of the equilibrium urban and industrial structure. Cities shift from specializing by sector -- with integrated headquarters and plants -- to specializing mainly by function -- with headquarters and business services clustered in larger cities, and plants clustered in smaller cities
Knowledge creation and control in organizations by Diego Puga( Book )

17 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The incremental innovations that underly much of modern economic growth typically involve changes to one or more components of a complex product. This creates a tension. On the one hand, a principal would like an agent to contribute innovative components. On the other hand, ironing out incompatibilities between interdependent components can be a drain on the principal's energies. The principal can conserve her energies by tightly controlling the innovation process, but this may inadvertently stifle the agent's incentive to innovate. We show precisely how this tension between creating knowledge and controlling knowledge shapes organizational forms. The novel concepts introduced are illustrated with case studies of the flat panel cathode ray tube industry and Boeing's recent location decisions
Micro-foundations of urban agglomeration economies by Gilles Duranton( Book )

17 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This handbook chapter studies the theoretical micro-foundations of urban agglomeration economies. We distinguish three types of micro-foundations, based on sharing, matching, and learning mechanisms. For each of these three categories, we develop one or more core models in detail and discuss the literature in relation to those models. This allows us to give a precise characterisation of some of the main theoretical underpinnings of urban agglomeration economies, to discuss modelling issues that arise when working with these tools, and to compare different sources of agglomeration economies in terms of the aggregate urban outcomes they produce as well as in terms of their normative implications
Wake up and smell the ginseng : the rise of incremental innovation in low-wage countries by Diego Puga( Book )

18 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Increasingly, a small number of low-wage countries such as China and India are involved in innovation -- not 'big ideas' innovation, but the constant incremental innovations needed to stay ahead in business. We provide some evidence of this new phenomenon and develop a model in which there is a transition from old-style product-cycle trade to trade involving incremental innovation in low-wage countries. We explain why levels of involvement in innovation vary across low-wage countries and even across firms within each low-wage country. We then draw out implications for the location of production, trade, capital flows, earnings and living standards"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Agglomeration in the global economy : a survey of the 'new economic geography' by Gianmarco I. P Ottaviano( Book )

13 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The spread of industry : spatial agglomeration in economic development by Diego Puga( Book )

10 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The rise and fall of regional inequalities by Diego Puga( Book )

16 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Diversity and specialization in cities : why, where and when does it matter? by Gilles Duranton( Book )

16 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Preferential trading arrangements and industrial location by Diego Puga( Book )

13 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Agglomeration and economic development : import substitution versus trade liberalization by Diego Puga( Book )

13 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 41 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unemployment clusters across European regions and countries by Henry G Overman( Book )

13 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nursery cities : urban diversity, process innovation, and the life-cycle of products by Gilles Duranton( Book )

14 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ruggedness : the blessing of bad geography in Africa by Nathan Nunn( Book )

12 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is controversy about whether geography matters mainly because of its contemporaneous impact on economic outcomes or because of its interaction with historical events. Looking at terrain ruggedness, we are able to estimate the importance of these two channels. Because rugged terrain hinders trade and most productive activities, it has a negative direct effect on income. However, in Africa rugged terrain afforded protection to those being raided during the slave trades. Since the slave trades retarded subsequent economic development, in Africa ruggedness has also had a historical indirect positive effect on income. Studying all countries worldwide, we find that both effects are significant statistically and that for Africa the indirect positive effect dominates the direct negative effect. Looking within Africa, we also provide evidence that the indirect effect operates through the slave trades
European regional policies in light of recent location theories by Diego Puga( Book )

9 editions published between 1998 and 2001 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International trade and institutional change : medieval Venice's response to globalization by Diego Puga( Book )

13 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International trade can have profound effects on domestic institutions. We examine this proposition in the context of medieval Venice circa 800-1350. We show that (initially exogenous) increases in long-distance trade enriched a large group of merchants and these merchants used their new-found muscle to push for constraints on the executive i.e., for the end of a de facto hereditary Doge in 1032 and for the establishment of a parliament or Great Council in 1172. The merchants also pushed for remarkably modern innovations in contracting institutions (such as the colleganza) that facilitated large-scale mobilization of capital for risky long-distance trade. Over time, a group of extraordinarily rich merchants emerged and in the almost four decades following 1297 they used their resources to block political and economic competition. In particular, they made parliamentary participation hereditary and erected barriers to participation in the most lucrative aspects of long-distance trade. We document this 'oligarchization' using a unique database on the names of 8,103 parliamentarians and their families' use of the colleganza. In short, long-distance trade first encouraged and then discouraged institutional dynamism and these changes operated via the impacts of trade on the distribution of wealth and power
Urbanisation patterns : European vs. less developed countries by Diego Puga( Book )

7 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and Undetermined and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The dynamics of urbanisation by Diego Puga( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Decomposing the growth in residential land in the United States by Henry G Overman( Book )

7 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper decomposes the growth in land occupied by residences in the United States to give the relative contributions of changing demographics versus increases in the land area used by individual households. Between 1976 and 1992 the amount of residential land in the United States grew 47.5% while population only grew 17.8%. At first glance, this suggests an important role for per-household increases. However, the calculations in this paper show that only 24.3% of the growth in residential land area can be attributed to State level changes in land per household. 37.5% is due to overall population growth, 5.9% to the shift of population towards States with larger houses, 22.7% to an increase in the number of households over this period, and the remaining 9.5% to interactions between these changes. There are large differences across states and metropolitan areas in the relative importance of these components
Labour pooling as a source of agglomeration: an empirical investigation by Henry G Overman( Book )

7 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Audience level: 0.80 (from 0.71 for Internatio ... to 0.87 for European r ...)

Alternative Names
La seva obra Creixement urbà desordenat: causes i conseqüències, 2008: port. (Diego Puga)

Puga, D.

English (254)