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USAF Institute for National Security Studies

Works: 112 works in 233 publications in 1 language and 17,859 library holdings
Genres: History  Forecasts  Bibliography  Case studies 
Roles: Publisher
Classifications: UG638.5.F7, 327.73051
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about USAF Institute for National Security Studies
  • Annual report by USAF Institute for National Security Studies( )
Most widely held works by USAF Institute for National Security Studies
Y : the sources of Islamic revolutionary conduct by Stephen P Lambert( Book )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 278 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Chinese People's Liberation Army "short arms and slow legs" by Russell D Howard( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 209 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is the 28th volume in the Occasional Paper series of the U.S. Air Force Institute for National Security Studies (INSS). As INSS did earlier this year with its publication of two companion papers on NATO, it now offers two complementary studies that address Chinese security developments and U.S.-Chinese relations into the first part of the 21st century. This study, Russ Howard's "The Chinese People's Liberation Army: Short Arms and Slow Legs," examines the military side of the Chinese equation. Colonel Howard analyzes Chinese military capabilities and intentions through the lens of China's military spending and its military doctrine, with a particular focus on the constraints China faces in attempting to fulfill the intent implied through its doctrine. He concludes that at least in the short- to mid-term, the PLA will fall short of meeting its doctrinal promise, allowing it to become a stronger regional power, but preventing its emergence as a global military peer competitor to the United States. In the companion Occasional Paper 29, LTC (P) Neal Anderson's "Overcoming Uncertainty: U.S.-China Strategic Relations in the 21st Century," the focus shifts to the diplomatic and economic dimensions of the Chinese equation. Together the two studies offer valuable insights into a rising regional power with whom the United States must interact in shaping a secure and stable East Asia
Interpreting shadows arms control and defense planning in a rapidly changing multi-polar world by David R King( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 208 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The focus of arms control is changing. It now deals with issues affecting all nations and not just the super powers. A new framework for approaching non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and arms control could focus on a two-fold policy initiative. The first policy would be a new strategic "triad" built around conventional capability including rapidly deployable forces, regional ballistic missile defense, and long-range precision-strike capability. The second policy would employ an information strategy using the current diplomatic initiatives that appear to be the most productive, or unilateral and multilateral export controls, military assistance in the form of infrastructure, and confidence building measures. Continued success in arms control requires abandoning Cold War policies. Emerging policies will need to appreciate different world views. Good intelligence will be a key factor in the success of any policy orientation and its implementation. The focus needs to change from arms control involving the superpowers to arms control involving everyone
Overcoming uncertainty U.S.-China strategic relations in the 21st century by Walter N Anderson( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mutual uncertainty colors every aspect of U.S.-China relations. America worries that China will use its growing military power in pursuit of its expanding interests. Beijing fears the U.S. will try to prevent it from achieving its comprehensive modernization goals. Thus, there lingers an omnipresent perception on both sides that the United States and China are on a road to inevitable confrontation. Policy makers and defense planners on each side are, therefore, required to hedge against some future, undefined, military threat from the other which, in turn, feeds mutual distrust. This paper offers a range of policy steps that would work to overcome mutual uncertainty and advance responsibly U.S.-China relations. Changes in the global strategic environment, China's prospects for development, and the full range of vital and important bilateral security issues are explored, including both sides' goals, interests, and strategic perspectives regarding these issues. Bilateral military relations are also addressed, including why and how they should support the overall security relationship. Ultimately, this paper is intended to provide a framework for a balanced debate on China policy that would contribute to improved stability and predictability in U.S.-China relations
Out of (South) Africa Pretoria's nuclear weapons experience by Roy E Horton( Book )

4 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 205 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The primary focus of this paper is the impact of key South African leaders on the successful developments and subsequent rollbacks of South Africa's nuclear weapons capability. It highlights the key milestones in the development of South Africa's nuclear weapon capability. It also relates how different groups within South Africa (scientists, politicians, military and technocrats) interacted to successfully produce South Africa's nuclear deterrent. It emphasizes the pivotal influence of the senior political leadership to pursue nuclear rollback given the disadvantages of its nuclear means to achieve vital national interests. The conclusions drawn from flu's effort are the South African nuclear program was an extreme response to its own identity Crisis. Nuclear weapons became a means to achieving a long term end of a closer affiliation with the West. A South Africa yearning to be identified as a Western nation and receive guarantees of its security rationalized the need for a nuclear deterrent. The deterrent was intended to draw in Western support to counter a feared total onslaught by Communist forces in the region. Two decades later, that same South Africa relinquished its nuclear deterrent and reformed its domestic policies to secure improved economic and political integration with the West
The next peace operation U.S. Air Force issues and perspectives by William C Thomas( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 201 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study examines the role of the Air Force in future peace operations. The authors draw upon the experience of the US and other nations to improve understanding of how peacekeeping forces operate and shed light on how best to employ American forces. This paper reviews existing US military doctrine and examines the impact on combat readiness. The authors then suggest areas for consideration regarding the preparation for conduct of peace operations. Air Force doctrine is not required so long as appropriate doctrine for various functional areas is incorporated into strategies and operation plans. Coercive airpower can play a role in peace operations, but the most powerful contribution of airpower is likely to come through air mobility As long as the American government and public feel that peace operations will help promote national security interests, the US military will be called upon to participate in those missions alongside many other agencies. This paper neither advocates the use of military forces for peace operations nor recommends they not be employed. It address the current reality, and it should help military members understand the very unusual tasks they will no doubt be called upon to perform in the next peace operations
Uncharted paths, uncertain vision U.S. military involvements in Sub-Saharan Africa in the wake of the Cold War by Dan Henk( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 198 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Few regions have seen more tragedy in the post-Cold War worlds than parts of sub-Saharan Africa, a region remarkable for the number of external military interventions in the 199Os. The United States has conducted a wide variety of military involvements in the region over the past decade. While humanitarian relief and peace operations have generated the most publicity, other more routine military relationships and activities are of far greater long-term significance. Taken as a whole, U.S. policy in Africa tends to be reactive rather than proactive. This severely undermines its ability to protect the nation's regional interests. Unwillingness to attenuate regional problems in the their early stages leads to expensive crisis interventions. More effective use of military involvements would entail greater effort to shape the regional security environment. In order to improve the value of its African military involvements, the United States should, among other things, develop a coherent "National Security Strategy for Africa," create a unified command (or "sub" command) with sole responsibility for the region and develop mechanisms for objectively measuring the value (to U.S. regional interests) of specific nation assistance programs
NATO counterproliferation policy a case study in alliance politics by Jeffrey Arthur Larsen( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 194 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The U.S. and it allies in NATO with global interests, France and the United Kingdom, have for years been trying to reorient the NATO Alliance toward power projection capabilities and deployable forces. In January 1994, the NATO Heads of State and Government emphasized that proliferation of WMD and their delivery means posed a threat to international security and was a matter of concern to the Alliance. The Senior Defense Group on Proliferation (DGP) was most concerned with the military ramifications and counterproliferation aspect of nonproliferation policy. Based on DGP studies, the Alliance concluded that it was unrealistic to expect that there were sufficient resources to defend and protect NATO populations for a WMD attack. French agreement to the new proposals was a defining event in the evolution of its post-Cold War relationship with the Alliance. Germany feels that traditional nonproliferation means have served the West well so far and there is no hurry to develop more offensively oriented operations. The United Kingdom continues to advocate for a comprehensive political and military approach to the issue of WMD proliferation
NATO, potential sources of tension by Joseph R Wood( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 192 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Throughout the beginning of 1999, NATO has experienced a period of relative internal calm. NATO is threatened neither by a powerful external threat nor by overarching internal strategic differences, and enjoys a degree of support that may indeed be higher than during the Cold War. Nevertheless, there are potential sources of strain and tension within the Alliance. Such strains collectively could introduce more serious tensions, especially with the imposition of other, unanticipated kinds of tension or crisis. Several long term tensions that existed during the Cold War continue to affect NATO today. These include geography as it affects how an Ally perceives its own interests, French exception and interpretation of its national independence, and the real purpose of the Alliance. Short and medium term issues include: (1) enlargement; (2) strategic concept review; (3) cost issues; (4) European Security and Defense Identity (ESDI); (5) counter proliferation and terrorism; (6) U.S. technology gap; (7) adaptation issues; (8) Greece and Turkey; and the (9) Balkans
Threat perceptions in the Philippines, Malaysia, and Singapore by William E Berry( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Three countries, Philippines, Malaysia, and Singapore, each represent a different security relationship with the U.S. The U.S. has had a long security tie with the Philippines. Although there are no longer house American forces, the Mutual Defense Treaty remains in effect. Malaysia has taken a approach to its national security by employing a more neutral orientation by not antagonizing China. Singapore has been more proactive in developing its security ties with the U.S. It has taken specific steps in the effort to keep the U.S. engaged in the region. The first section outlines the nature of the U.S. military presence in East Asia from the Cold War to post-Cold War periods. The second identifies some real and potential security threats in the region from the American perspective. The final section reports the results of a series of more than 50 interviews conducted in Washington and in each of the three countries, Philippines, Malaysia, and Singapore, based on the following questions of vital national security objectives and threats
Weapons proliferation and organized crime the Russian military and security force dimension by Graham Hall Turbiville( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One dimension of international security of the post-Cold War era that has not received enough attention is how organized crime facilitates weapons proliferation worldwide. The former Soviet Union (FSU) has emerged as the world's greatest counterproliferation challenge. It contains the best developed links among organized crime, military and security organizations, and weapons proliferation. Furthermore, Russian military and security forces are the principle source of arms becoming available to organized crime groups, participants in regional conflict, and corrupt state officials engaged in the black, gray, and legal arms markets in their various dimensions. The flourishing illegal trade in conventional weapons is the clearest and most tangible manifestation of the close links between Russian power ministries and criminal organizations. The magnitude of the WMD proliferation problem from the FSU is less clear and less tangible. There have been many open reports of small-scale fissile material smuggling out of the FSU. The situation with regard to the proliferation of chemical weapon usually receives less attention but may be more serious. With an acknowledged stockpile of 40,000 metric tons of chemical agents, the potential for proliferation is enormous
Nonlethal weapons terms and references by Robert J Bunker( Book )

4 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 189 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this paper is to promote an understanding of and research into a new category of weapons, designated nonlethal by military services, and less than lethal or less lethal by law enforcement agencies. The intent is to create an initial term and reference listing to help support joint force and dual use initiatives focused on identifying the potential drawbacks of integrating nonlethal weapons into our military services and law enforcement agencies. The paper is split into two sections: a list of terms that describes nonlethal weapons along with the concepts both surrounding and inhibiting their use, and a comprehensive listing of references to facilitate further research. Nonlethal weapons are listed under the categories of acoustics, opticals, antilethals, antiplant agents, barriers, batons, biotechnicals, electricals, electromagnetics, entanglers, holograins, markers, obscurants, projectiles, reactants, and riot control agents. Nonlethal weapons concepts are divided by the following categories: ethical, functional, operational, physiological, and theoretical
Russia's crumbling tactical nuclear weapons complex an opportunity for arms control by Stephen P Lambert( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 189 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As politicians and policy makers trumpet the successes of strategic reductions and the achievements of the START agreements, Russia has increasingly focused on a rhetorical and doctrinal campaign to enhance the credibility of nuclear war fighting threats by legitimizing theater or tactical nuclear systems. The Russian Federation is convinced that its security rests upon these weapons, and it has therefore attempted to shield both the personnel and the hardware from the effects of the military rollback. The notion that the two largest possessors of nuclear weapons could speedily draw down their arsenals to under 2000 warheads, as a START 3 regime suggests, is misguided. This ignores the thousands of so called tactical nuclear weapons possessed by both states. The very real threats associated with Russia's tactical nuclear arsenal should impel those with genuine concerns to redirect their efforts toward the lower end of nuclear weapons spectrum. The arms control proposal presented in this paper incorporates a regime calling for the elimination of air delivered tactical nuclear weapons that may prove to be a useful model for reinvigorating the stalled process of nuclear arms reductions
Political-military affairs officers and the Air Force continued turbulence in a vital career specialty by James E Kinzer( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 181 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Air Force's system has many deficiencies for preparing and utilizing political-military affairs officers to help develop and implement the military dimensions of US foreign policy. Important policy-making and implementation billets are routinely filled by officers with inadequate education and regional expertise to perform their duties competently. Meanwhile, officers who have acquired such skills remain untapped for sensitive political-military positions due to the personnel system's inability to track them and assign them to billets where their skills are needed. The paper clarifies the need within the post-Cold War environment for officers with both general international relations skills and specific regional expertise. Specific recommendations are provided aimed at improving the development and use of political-military affairs officers. A specific career field should be created that is capable of providing well-trained officers to fill billets requiring expertise in political science, international relations, or a specific region of the world. Thousands of staff jobs should be reevaluated to determine which positions require specific advanced degrees and language skills. The report offers suggestions for striking a balance between getting a sufficient payback in follow-on tours for the specialized education and training and ensuring that these officers remain credible within their operational specialties
Melancholy reunion a report from the future on the collapse of civil-military relations in the United States by Charles J Dunlap( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 181 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The year is 2017. The United States has suffered not only defeats in the High-Tech War of 2007 and the Second Gulf War of 2010, but also a military coup of 2012. That coup, engineered by a highly politicized officer corps that blamed these bloody losses on 'incompetent' civilian leaders, was initially welcomed by a public exasperated with elected government. Only a few years of repressive military rule had passed, however, before the countercoup in 2015. The chastened electorate placed the thoroughly disgraced armed forces under draconian civilian control. The speaker in this essay addresses the twentieth reunion of the Air University classes of 1997, a rather melancholy even under the circumstances. He examines civil-military relations issues emerging in the 1996-1997 time frame that, with the benefit of twenty-first century hindsight, foretold the coming catastrophes. The speaker argues that too many analysts in the 1990s wrongly concluded that the military's acceptance of the shrinking defense budgets and the imposition of social policies on the armed forces 'proved' civilian control was secure"--Page viii
Environmental security in the Czech Republic status and concerns in the post-Communist era by Paul J Valley( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 181 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Czech Republic has made great strides toward reconciling its political and economic development with environmental protection and security issues since its recent democratization. Although new technological and legislative efforts continue to work at reducing emissions from automobiles, industries, power plants and coal mining, the Republic is committed to continuing its battle against air and water pollution, poor waste management, and needless destruction of nature. Shifting the structure of primary energy sources to qualitatively better fuels, along with the introduction of less energy-consuming technologies and the activation of new nuclear reactors, would eventually replace most of the output of coal burning power plants. However, the use of nuclear power has been opposed by several political and environmental activists groups. At the international level, Austria's opposition to the Temelin Nuclear Power plant is of great concern since Austria, as a non-nuclear state, propagates negative information about nuclear power to its citizens and other countries
Economic power in the Sino-U.S. relationship by Kevin F Donovan( Book )

4 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 180 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Military strength has become inconsequential in the pursuit of any industrialized nation's most vital interests. Alternatively, states would do well to focus on the possibilities of exploitation of power through economic strength and economic interdependence. This research reviews the theoretical approached to power and interdependence and applies these concepts to the bilateral relationship between the U.S. and People's Republic of China. This case study suggests that: (1) the post-Cold War national interests of these two disparate countries typify the international shift to economics-based power, and (2) under carefully qualified circumstances, power can arise from asymmetries in economic Although 'engagement' has failed to capture the strategic imagination of its predecessor, President Clinton undoubtedly sees his election as rooted in national economic rejuvenation, not grand security strategies. Clear signals exist that demonstrate the Chinese leadership's dedication to economic growth as the nation's number one priority. New career paths have emerged for clever revisionists who can accommodate Maoist Marxism to Western capitalism
Environmental federalism and U.S. military installations a framework for compliance by James M Smith( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 180 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent regulatory trends and political decisions have resulted in devolution of environmental regulation responsibility from the federal government to the states. The resulting compliance situation for the military is one of multiple bureaucracies, layered regulations, duplicated reporting requirements, and conflicting mission priorities, all in a "business" in which there is an inherent potential for significant environmental damage. The military official charged with environmental compliance is responding to many masters and pressures. This paper suggests a compliance strategy and organization to respond to environmental devolution and federalism. The context of environmental regulation policy today is incremental (progressing with advances in science and politics through a series of increasingly broad regulatory requirements); fragmented (between pollution mediums-air, water, waste-and between executive agencies, legislative committees, courts, interest groups, and state agencies); and federal (with national, state, and local governments sharing responsibilities for environmental standards and enforcement). Empirical studies of state regulatory policy find that political factors, such as party control of the governorship and the legislature, bureaucratic capability, and recent changes in state population, best explain state actions. Economic factors (state wealth and competition with other states, the economic significance of the polluting industries) are also important influences. Overall, state environmental policy can be explained by the severity of the state's pollution problem, the wealth of the state's population, the partisanship of state politics, and the organizational capacity of the state government
Nuclear proliferation the diplomatic role of non-weaponized programs by Rosalind R Reynolds( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 179 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The end of the Cold War has not seen the end of reliance on nuclear weapons for deterrence or diplomacy purposes. The use of nuclear weapons for such purposes is as evident in the threshold states as in the nuclear powers. The nuclear weapon states used their nuclear weapons for deterrence, bargaining, and blackmail, even during the early years of the Cold War when the U.S. was essentially non-Weaponized. In the nuclear non-Weaponized states in Asia a non-Weaponized deterrent relationship is developing between India and Pakistan and North Korea has used its nuclear program to restore diplomatic relations with the international community. The role of nuclear weapons in the post Cold War world is determined by the role of non-Weaponized programs in proliferating states. This paper describes examples in South Asia and the Korean peninsula and show that while an increased reliance on nuclear weapons programs may be a threat to the current non-proliferation regime, the focus on non-Weaponized programs rather than on weapons themselves actually improves international security by reducing the threat of nuclear war
Counterforce locating and destroying weapons of mass destruction by Robert W Chandler( Book )

3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and advanced conventional weapons and technology are offering potential regional adversaries new operational concepts for countering American power projection. While asymmetric threats pose significant challenges to U.S. military strategy, the U.S. possesses strengths, including the potential to increase the tempo of warfare through long-range precision counterstrikes early in a conflict. In order to defeat a WMD-armed adversary's asymmetric attacks, the U.S. needs to have in place a balanced CINC concepts of operation and robust counterforce operational concepts for locating and destroying WMD. A system-of-systems architecture is useful in identifying the military capabilities: intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR); command, control, communications, computing, and intelligence (C41); long-range precision strike forces; theater enabling forces; distributed ground combat cells; and carrier-based aircraft. These capabilities placed in the hands of the combatant commanders will provide new targeting models and planning tools that make it possible for the commander to chose from an ever-expanding number of military strike options. The U.S. needs to obtain an air dominance early in the conflict. Non-linear, asymmetric long-range precision strike operations offer the best opportunity to neutralize the new found operational concepts by WMD-armed adversaries
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Alternative Names

Institute for National Security Studies (United States Air Force Academy)

United States Air Force Academy. Institute for National Security Studies

USA Air Force Academy Institute for National Security Studies

USAF Institute for National Security Studies

English (62)