WorldCat Identities

Wiers, Reinout Willem Henry Jon 1966-

Overview
Works: 17 works in 47 publications in 2 languages and 1,424 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks and manuals 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Reinout Willem Henry Jon Wiers
Handbook of implicit cognition and addiction by Alan W Stacy( )

20 editions published between 2005 and 2013 in English and held by 1,325 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Most research on cognitive processes and drug abuse has focused on theories and methods of explicit cognition, asking people directly to introspect about the causes of their behavior. However, it may be questioned to what extent such methods reflect fundamental aspects of human cognition and motivation. In response to this issue, basic cognition researchers have started to assess implicit cognitions, defined as "introspectively unidentified (or inaccurately identified) traces of past experience that mediate feeling, thought, or action." Such approaches are less sensitive to self-justification and social desirability and offer other advantages over traditional approaches underscored by explicit cognition. Wiers' Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction lays the groundwork for new approaches to the study and addictive behaviors as the first handbook to apply principles of implicit cognition to the field of addiction. This Handbook features the work of an interdisciplinary group of internationally renowned contributing North American and European authors who have brought together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research."--Publisher's website
Slaaf van het onbewuste : over emotie, bewustzijn en verslaving by Reinout Willem Henry Jon Wiers( Book )

1 edition published in 2007 in Dutch and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nieuwe visie op verslaving, waarbij de invloed van de onbewuste emotionele processen een belangrijke plaats innemen in het schijnbaar irrationele gedrag van de verslaafde
Grip op je problemen : cognitieve training bij verslaving en angst by Reinout Willem Henry Jon Wiers( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in Dutch and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bad expectations? : cognitive and neuropsychological indicators of enhanced risk for alcoholism by Reinout Willem Henry Jon Wiers( Book )

5 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Donker bewaren : verhalen by Reinout Willem Henry Jon Wiers( Book )

3 editions published in 1991 in Dutch and English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Het ontstaan van verslavingsgedrag bij jongeren : een noodlottige zelfoverschatting van het bewustzijn by Reinout Willem Henry Jon Wiers( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in Dutch and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Longitudinal relations between cognitive bias and adolescent alcohol use( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Introduction: To prospectively predict the development of adolescent alcohol use with alcohol-related cognitive biases, and to predict the development of alcohol-related cognitive biases with aspects of impulsivity. Methods: Data were used from a two-year, four-wave online sample of 378 Dutch young adolescents (mean age 14.9 years, 64.8% female). With zero-inflated Poisson regression analysis we prospectively predicted weekly alcohol use using baseline cognitive biases. Additionally, multiple regression analyses were used to prospectively predict the emergence of alcohol-specific cognitive biases by baseline impulsivity and alcohol use. Results: Zero-inflated Poisson analyses demonstrated that the Visual Probe Task reliably predicted weekly alcohol use at different time points. Baseline alcohol use and baseline impulsivity measures did generally not predict alcohol-specific cognitive biases. Conclusions: The findings of this study indicated that while certain measures of alcohol-related attentional bias predicted later alcohol use in young adolescents, approach biases did not. Baseline measures of impulsivity and alcohol use did not predict later alcohol-related cognitive biases. We discuss implications for cognitive models on the development of cognitive biases and their role in early addictive behaviors. Highlights: We examined whether cognitive biases and impulsivity predicted alcohol use. We examine interaction between impulsivity and alcohol on future cognitive bias. We found that attention bias predicted future alcohol use. We did not find that impulsivity, alcohol or interactions predicted cognitive bias
Neural response to alcohol taste cues in youth: effects of the OPRM1 gene( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Genetic variations in the mu‐opioid receptor ( OPRM1 ) gene have been related to high sensitivity to rewarding effects of alcohol. The current study focuses on the neural circuitry underlying this phenomenon using an alcohol versus water taste‐cue reactivity paradigm in a young sample at relatively early stages of alcohol use, thus limiting the confound of variations in duration of alcohol use. Drinkers (17–21 years old) were selected on genotype carrying the AA—( n  = 20) or the AG—( n  = 16) variant of the A118G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the OPRM1 gene (rs1799971), and underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Magnitude of the neural activity and frontostriatal functional connectivity in response to alcohol versus water were investigated. The AG‐group demonstrated reduced activation in prefrontal and parietal regions, including the inferior and middle frontal gyrus, superior and inferior parietal lobule, compared with the AA‐group. No activation differences were observed in the mesolimbic pathway. Connectivity from the ventral‐striatum to frontal regions for alcohol > water trials was higher in the AG than the AA group. For the dorsal‐striatum seed region, the AG group showed increased connectivity to non‐PFC regions. These results indicate that adolescents carrying the G‐allele may be more vulnerable for the alcohol to hijack the reward system in the absence of frontal control to regulate craving. This implies that findings of hyperactivation in the mesolimbic structures of G‐allele carriers in earlier studies might result from both genetic susceptibility and heavy drinking. Abstract : In a young sample, we demonstrated reduced prefrontal activation and greater connectivity from the ventral‐striatum to frontal regions, in the AG vs AA‐variant of the OPRM1 gene (rs1799971) for alcohol > water‐taste trials. These results indicate that adolescents carrying the G‐allele may be more vulnerable for the alcohol to hijack the reward system in the absence of frontal control to regulate craving
Reward sensitivity, attentional bias, and executive control in early adolescent alcohol use( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: This study examined whether attentional bias for alcohol stimuli was associated with alcohol use in young adolescents, and whether the frequently demonstrated relationship between reward sensitivity and adolescent alcohol use would be partly mediated by attentional bias for alcohol cues. In addition, this study investigated the potential moderating role of executive control (EC), and tested whether the relationship between alcohol-related attentional bias and alcohol use was especially present in young adolescents with weak EC. Participants were 86 adolescents (mean age = 14.86), who completed a Visual Probe Task (VPT) as an index of attentional bias, a flanker-task based Attention Network Task (ANT) as an index of EC, the sensitivity of punishment and sensitivity of reward questionnaire (SPSRQ) as an index of reward sensitivity, and an alcohol use questionnaire. High reward sensitivity, high alcohol-related attentional bias, and weak EC were all related to alcohol use. The relationship between reward sensitivity and alcohol use was not mediated by alcohol-related attentional bias. As hypothesized, attentional bias was only associated with alcohol use in participants with weak EC. Together, the present findings are consistent with the view that high reward sensitivity and low EC may be considered as risk factors for adolescent alcohol use. The independent contribution of reward sensitivity and attentional bias might suggest that adolescents who are highly reward sensitive and display an attentional bias for alcohol cues are at even higher risk for excessive alcohol use and developing alcohol abuse problems. Future research using a longitudinal approach would allow an examination of these risk factors on subsequent alcohol use. Treatment implications are discussed, including the importance of strengthening EC and reducing the rewarding value of alcohol use. Highlights: Higher reward sensitivity was related to heavier adolescent alcohol use. Alcohol attentional bias was positively related to adolescent alcohol use. Executive control was negatively related to young adolescent alcohol use. Attentional bias predicted alcohol use only in weak executive control adolescents
Implicit cognitive processes in psychopathology( Book )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

De ouder-kind interactie vragenlijst by Alfred Lange( Book )

1 edition published in 1997 in Dutch and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A clinical trial with combined transcranial direct current stimulation and alcohol approach bias retraining( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Controlled and implicit processes in evaluative conditioning on implicit and explicit attitudes toward alcohol and intentions to drink( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Since implicit attitudes (i.e. evaluations occurring outside of complete awareness) are highly predictive of alcohol consumption, we tested an evaluative learning procedure based on repeated pairing to a critical stimulus (i.e. alcohol, the CS) with a valenced stimulus (the US) in order to modify implicit attitudes (i.e. evaluative conditioning; EC). We hypothesized that manipulating the learning context to bolster implicit affect misattribution should strengthen EC effects on implicit attitudes toward alcohol, while encouraging deliberate processing of CS-US pairs, should strengthen EC effects on explicit attitudes. In our study ( n  = 114 students) we manipulated whether CS-US pairs were presented simultaneously or sequentially. Recollective memory was estimated with a Process Dissociation Procedure. Both implicit and explicit attitudes were assessed immediately after the procedure. Behavioral intentions were measured directly after and one week after the EC-procedure. We found that EC with sequential presentation had a stronger impact on implicit and explicit measures and on purchase intentions immediately after the procedure and one week after. The present findings provide new evidence that (i) EC is an effective way to change implicit attitudes toward alcohol and (ii) evidence that EC may be better described by propositional rather than dual process accounts. Highlights: We found that EC modify implicit attitudes toward alcohol. Attitude change seem to happen through controlled processes. EC lead to change in intentions to drink through controlled processes
[Niet nader gecatalogiseerde archivalia] by Reinout Willem Henry Jon Wiers( )

in Undetermined and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Europe Needs a Central, Transparent, and Evidence-Based Approval Process for Behavioural Prevention Interventions by Fabrizio Faggiano( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Evaluating implicit drinking identity as a mediator of drinking motives and alcohol consumption and craving( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Introduction: Implicit drinking identity (i.e., cognitive associations between the self and drinking) is a reliable predictor of drinking. However, whether implicit drinking identity might mediate the relationship between other robust predictors of drinking and drinking outcomes is unknown. We hypothesized that implicit drinking would mediate the relationship between drinking motives and alcohol consumption and craving. Method: We assessed drinking motives at Time 1, implicit drinking identity at Time 2 (on average, 11 days later) and self-reported alcohol consumption and craving at Time 3 (on average, 6 days later) in a sample of 194 US undergraduates (54% women) who reported at least one heavy drinking episode (4 drinks for women, 5 for men) in the past month. Participants completed self-report measures of drinking motives, daily alcohol consumption, and current craving. Results: Implicit drinking identity uniquely mediated the relationship between social motives and alcohol consumption. It did not, however, mediate the relationship between motives and craving. Time 2 implicit drinking identity was positively associated with greater alcohol consumption and craving at Time 3, even after controlling for drinking motives. Subsequent analyses indicated significant indirect effects between social, enhancement, and coping motives (but not conformity) and consumption and craving when each motive was evaluated individually. Conclusions: Implicit drinking identity continues to have promise as a predictor of drinking outcomes and as a target for interventions. Future experimental and prospective studies will be critical to establish the circumstances under which implicit drinking identity is strengthened and/or activated and the resulting effects on hazardous drinking. Highlights: Does implicit drinking identity mediate between drinking motives and drinking? We tested this in a short-term prospective study of US undergraduates. Drinking identity uniquely mediated between social motives and consumption. Indirect effects were found for three motives when tested individually. Drinking identity is a robust predictor and a potential intervention target
Alcohol Cognitive Bias Modification training for problem drinkers over the web( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Following successful outcomes of cognitive bias modification (CBM) programs for alcoholism in clinical and community samples, the present study investigated whether different varieties of CBM (attention control training and approach-bias re-training) could be delivered successfully in a fully automated web-based way and whether these interventions would help self-selected problem drinkers to reduce their drinking. Participants were recruited through online advertising, which resulted in 697 interested participants, of whom 615 were screened in. Of the 314 who initiated training, 136 completed a pretest, four sessions of computerized training and a posttest. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions (attention control or one of three varieties of approach-bias re-training) or a sham-training control condition. The general pattern of findings was that participants in all conditions (including participants in the control-training condition) reduced their drinking. It is suggested that integrating CBM with online cognitive and motivational interventions could improve results. Highlights: First web-based test of different varieties of cognitive training in problem drinkers As usual in internet research large dropout (half after inclusion, another half during training) Drinking went down in all conditions, including sham-training control Combinations of motivational intervention and cognitive training should be studied
 
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Handbook of implicit cognition and addiction
Alternative Names
Wiers, Reinout W. 1966-

Wiers, Reinout W. (Reinout Willem Henry Jon), 1966-

Wiers, Reinout Willem Henry Jon

Wiers, Reinout Willem Henry Jon 1966-

Languages
English (35)

Dutch (11)

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