WorldCat Identities

Falk, Armin

Works: 128 works in 377 publications in 2 languages and 1,212 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings 
Roles: Author, Creator, Editor, Contributor
Classifications: HC10, 650
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Armin Falk
Institutions and Contract Enforcement by Armin Falk( )
14 editions published between 2008 and 2011 in English and German and held by 91 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We provide evidence on how two important types of institutions - dismissal barriers, and bonus pay - affect contract enforcement behavior in a market with incomplete contracts and repeated interactions. Dismissal barriers are shown to have a strong negative impact on worker performance, and market efficiency, by interfering with firms' use of firing threat as an incentive device. Dismissal barriers also distort the dynamics of worker effort levels over time, cause firms to rely more on the spot market for labor, and create a distribution of relationship lengths in the market that is more extreme, with more very short and more very long relationships. The introduction of a bonus pay option dramatically changes the market outcome. Firms are observed to substitute bonus pay for threat of firing as an incentive device, almost entirely offsetting the negative incentive and efficiency effects of dismissal barriers. Nevertheless, contract enforcement behavior remains fundamentally changed, because the option to pay bonuses causes firms to rely less on long-term relationships. Our results show that market outcomes are the result of a complex interplay between contract enforcement policies and the institutions in which they are embedded
Appropriating the commons a theoretical explanation by Armin Falk( )
10 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Psychological foundations of incentives by Armin Falk( )
5 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Charitable giving as a gift exchange: evidence from a field experiment by Armin Falk( Book )
14 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and German and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This study reports data from a field experiment that was conducted to investigate the relevance of gift-exchange for charitable giving. Roughly 10,000 solicitation letters were sent to potential donors in the experiment. One third of the letters contained no gift, one third contained a small gift and one third contained a large gift. Whether a potential donor received a letter with or without a gift was randomly determined. We observe strong and systematic effects from including gifts. Compared to the no gift condition, the relative frequency of donations increased by 17 percent if a small gift was included and by 75 percent for a large gift. Consequently, including gifts was highly profitable for the charitable organization. The contribution of this paper is twofold: first, it shows that gift-exchange is important for charitable giving, in addition to the warm-glow motive. Second, the paper confirms the economic relevance of reciprocity by using field data. This extends the current body of research on reciprocity, which is almost exclusively confined to laboratory studies"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Am Staat vorbei : Transparenz, Fairness und Partizipation kontra Steuerhinterziehung by Kilian Bizer( Book )
4 editions published between 2004 and 2011 in German and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Hauptbeschreibung Steuerhinterziehung könnte bald den Fußball als Volkssport Nummer Eins ablösen. Die daraus resultierenden Mindereinnahmen schränken die politischen Handlungsspielräume ein und verleiten die Regierung dazu, die Belastung über Steuern und Abgaben zu erhöhen. Dadurch steigt jedoch der Anreiz, aus dem formellen Sektor auszuscheren und Steuern zu hinterziehen. Der so entstehende Teufelskreis führt zu einer immer geringeren Akzeptanz des Steuersystems und damit zu einer steigenden Tendenz der Steuerhinterziehung. Abgesehen von den klassischen Parametern wie Steuersätzen
Lab experiments are a major source of knowledge in the social sciences by Armin Falk( )
13 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Laboratory experiments are a widely used methodology for advancing causal knowledge in the physical and life sciences. With the exception of psychology, the adoption of laboratory experiments has been much slower in the social sciences, although during the last two decades, the use of lab experiments has accelerated. Nonetheless, there remains considerable resistance among social scientists who argue that lab experiments lack 'realism' and 'generalizability'. In this article we discuss the advantages and limitations of laboratory social science experiments by comparing them to research based on non-experimental data and to field experiments. We argue that many recent objections against lab experiments are misguided and that even more lab experiments should be conducted
Did We Overestimate the Role of Social Preferences? The Case of Self-Selected Student Samples by Armin Falk( )
11 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and German and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Social preference research has fundamentally changed the way economists think about many important economic and social phenomena. However, the empirical foundation of social preferences is largely based on laboratory experiments with self-selected students as participants. This is potentially problematic as students participating in experiments may behave systematically diff erent than non-participating students or non-students. In this paper we empirically investigate whether laboratory experiments with student samples misrepresent the importance of social preferences. Our first study shows that students who exhibit stronger prosocial inclinations in an unrelated field donation are not more likely to participate in experiments. This suggests that self-selection of more prosocial students into experiments is not a major issue. Our second study compares behavior of students and the general population in a trust experiment. We find very similar behavioral patterns for the two groups. If anything, the level of reciprocation seems higher among non-students implying an even greater importance of social preferences than assumed from student samples
A theory of reciprocity by Armin Falk( Book )
14 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper presents a formal theory of reciprocity. Reciprocity means that people reward kind actions and punish unkind ones. The theory takes into account that people evaluate the kindness of an action not only by its consequences but also the intention underlying this action. The theory explains the relevant stylized facts of a wide range of experimental games. Among them are the ultimatum game, the gift-exchange game, the prisoners dilemma, and the public goods games. Furthermore, the theory explains xhy the same consequences trigger different reciprocal responses in different environments. Finally the theory explains why in bilateral interactions outcomes tend to be "fair" whereas in competitive markets even extremly unfair distributions may arise
Preferences for Consistency by Armin Falk( Book )
11 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper studies how a preference for consistency can affect economic decision-making. We propose a two-period model where people have a preference for consistency because consistent behavior allows them to signal personal and intellectual strength. We then present three experiments that study main predictions and implications of the model. The first is a simple principal-agent experiment that shows that consistency is valued by others and that this value is anticipated. The second experiment underlines the crucial role of early commitment for consistency preferences. Finally we show how preferences for consistency can be used to manipulate choices
Unemployment and right-wing extremist crime by Armin Falk( Book )
14 editions published between 2004 and 2009 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
It is frequently argued that unemployment plays a crucial role for the occurrence of right-wing extremist crimes. We empirically test this hypothesis using data from Germany. We find that right-wing criminal activities occur more frequently when unemployment is high. The big difference in right-wing crime between East and West German states can mostly be attributed to differences in unemployment. This finding reinforces the importance of unemployment as an explanatory factor for right-wing crime and questions explanations based solely on the different socialization in former communist East Germany and the liberal West German states
Choosing the joneses: endogenous goals and reference standards by Armin Falk( )
7 editions published in 2004 in English and German and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Psychological foundations of incentives by Ernst Fehr( Book )
10 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
During the last two decades economists have made much progress in understanding incentives, contracts and organisations. Yet, they constrained their attention to a very narrow and empirically questionable view of human motivation. The purpose of this paper is to show that this narrow view of human motivation may severely limit understanding the determinants and effects of incentives. Economists may fail to understand the levels and the changes in behaviour if they neglect motives like the desire to reciprocate or the desire to avoid social disapproval. We show that monetary incentives may backfire and reduce the performance of agents or their compliance with rules. In addition, these motives may generate very powerful incentives themselves
Discrimination and in-group favoritism in a citywide trust experiment ( )
2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Cardiovascular consequences of unfair pay ( )
7 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper investigates physiological responses to perceptions of unfair pay. In a simple principal agent experiment agents produce revenue by working on a tedious task. Principals decide how this revenue is allocated between themselves and their agents. In this environment unfairness can arise if an agent's reward expectation is not met. Throughout the experiment we record agents' heart rate variability. Our findings provide evidence of a link between perceived unfairness and heart rate variability. The latter is an indicator of stress-related impaired cardiac autonomic control, which has been shown to predict coronary heart diseases in the long run. Establishing a causal link between unfair pay and heart rate variability therefore uncovers a mechanism of how perceptions of unfairness can adversely affect cardiovascular health. We further test potential adverse health effects of unfair pay using data from a large representative data set. Complementary to our experimental findings we find a strong and highly significant association between health outcomes, in particular cardiovascular health, and fairness of pay
Reference points and effort provision by Johannes Abeler( )
7 editions published between 2009 and 2011 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A key open question for theories of reference-dependent preferences is what determines the reference point. One candidate is expectations: what people expect could affect how they feel about what actually occurs. In a real-effort experiment, we manipulate the rational expectations of subjects and check whether this manipulation influences their effort provision. We find that effort provision is significantly different between treatments in the way predicted by models of expectation-based reference-dependent preferences: if expectations are high, subjects work longer and earn more money than if expectations are low. -- Reference points ; expectations ; loss aversion ; risk aversion ; disappointment ; experiment
It's all about connections : evidence on network formation by Armin Falk( Book )
9 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Are risk aversion and impatience related to cognitive ability? by Thomas Dohmen( )
7 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper investigates whether risk aversion and impatience are correlated with cognitive ability. We conduct incentive compatible choice experiments measuring risk aversion, and impatience over an annual time horizon, for a representative sample of roughly 1,000 German adults. A measure of cognitive ability is provided by two submodules of one of the most widely used IQ tests. Interviews are conducted in subjects' own homes. We find that lower cognitive ability is associated with greater risk aversion, and more pronounced impatience. These relationships are statistically and economically significant, and robust to controlling for personal characteristics, educational attainment, income, and measures of liquidity constraints. We perform a series of additional robustness checks, which help rule out other possible confounds. -- risk preference ; time preference ; cognitive ability ; field experiment
Clean evidence on peer pressure by Armin Falk( Book )
10 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Intergenerational Transmission of Risk and Trust Attitudes by Thomas Dohmen( )
6 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We investigate whether two crucial determinants of economic decision making willingness to take risks and willingness to trust other people are transmitted from parents to children. Our evidence is based on survey questions that ask about these attitudes directly, and are good measures in the sense that they reliably predict actual risk-taking and trusting behavior in large-scale, incentive compatible field experiments. We find a strong, significant, and robust correlation between the responses of parents and their children. Exploring heterogeneity in the strength of transmission, we find that gender of the child does not matter, but that children with fewer siblings, and firstborn children, are more strongly influenced by parents in terms of risk attitudes. Interestingly, for trust there is no impact of family size or birth order. There is some evidence of 'receptive' types: children who are similar to the father are similar to the mother, and children who are similar to parents in terms of risk are similar in terms of trust. We find that the transmission from parents to children is relatively specific, judging by questions that ask about willingness to take risks in specific contexts financial matters, health, career, car driving, and leisure activities. Finally, we provide evidence of positive assortative mating based on risk and trust attitudes, which reinforces the impact of parents on children. Our results have potentially important implications for understanding the mechanisms underlying cultural transmission, social mobility, and persistent differences in behavior across countries. More generally, our findings shed light on the basic question of where attitudes towards risk and trust come from
On the nature of fair behaviour by Armin Falk( Book )
7 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.53 (from 0.35 for Discrimina ... to 0.74 for Institutio ...)
Alternative Names
Falk, A. 1968-
English (174)
German (8)