WorldCat Identities

Falk, Armin

Overview
Works: 132 works in 381 publications in 2 languages and 1,046 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings 
Roles: Creator, Editor, Contributor
Classifications: HC10, 650
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Armin Falk Publications about Armin Falk
Publications by  Armin Falk Publications by Armin Falk
Most widely held works by Armin Falk
Institutions and contract enforcement by Armin Falk ( )
14 editions published between 2008 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We provide evidence on how two important types of institutions -- dismissal barriers, and bonus pay -- affect contract enforcement behavior in a market with incomplete contracts and repeated interactions. Dismissal barriers are shown to have a strong negative impact on worker performance, and market efficiency, by interfering with firms' use of firing threat as an incentive device. Dismissal barriers also distort the dynamics of worker effort levels over time, cause firms to rely more on the spot market for labor, and create a distribution of relationship lengths in the market that is more extreme, with more very short and more very long relationships. The introduction of a bonus pay option dramatically changes the market outcome. Firms are observed to substitute bonus pay for threat of firing as an incentive device, almost entirely offsetting the negative incentive and efficiency effects of dismissal barriers. Nevertheless, contract enforcement behavior remains fundamentally changed, because the option to pay bonuses causes firms to rely less on long-term relationships. Our results show that market outcomes are the result of a complex interplay between contract enforcement policies and the institutions in which they are embedded
Charitable giving as a gift exchange: evidence from a field experiment by Armin Falk ( Book )
15 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and German and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This study reports data from a field experiment that was conducted to investigate the relevance of gift-exchange for charitable giving. Roughly 10,000 solicitation letters were sent to potential donors in the experiment. One third of the letters contained no gift, one third contained a small gift and one third contained a large gift. Whether a potential donor received a letter with or without a gift was randomly determined. We observe strong and systematic effects from including gifts. Compared to the no gift condition, the relative frequency of donations increased by 17 percent if a small gift was included and by 75 percent for a large gift. Consequently, including gifts was highly profitable for the charitable organization. The contribution of this paper is twofold: first, it shows that gift-exchange is important for charitable giving, in addition to the warm-glow motive. Second, the paper confirms the economic relevance of reciprocity by using field data. This extends the current body of research on reciprocity, which is almost exclusively confined to laboratory studies"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Psychological foundations of incentives by Ernst Fehr ( Book )
14 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
During the last two decades economists have made much progress in understanding incentives, contracts and organisations. Yet, they constrained their attention to a very narrow and empirically questionable view of human motivation. The purpose of this paper is to show that this narrow view of human motivation may severely limit understanding the determinants and effects of incentives. Economists may fail to understand the levels and the changes in behaviour if they neglect motives like the desire to reciprocate or the desire to avoid social disapproval. We show that monetary incentives may backfire and reduce the performance of agents or their compliance with rules. In addition, these motives may generate very powerful incentives themselves
Lab experiments are a major source of knowledge in the social sciences by Armin Falk ( Book )
13 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Laboratory experiments are a widely used methodology for advancing causal knowledge in the physical and life sciences. With the exception of psychology, the adoption of laboratory experiments has been much slower in the social sciences, although during the last two decades, the use of lab experiments has accelerated. Nonetheless, there remains considerable resistance among social scientists who argue that lab experiments lack "realism" and "generalizability". In this article we discuss the advantages and limitations of laboratory social science experiments by comparing them to research based on non-experimental data and to field experiments. We argue that many recent objections against lab experiments are misguided and that even more lab experiments should be conducted
Am Staat vorbei : Transparenz, Fairness und Partizipation kontra Steuerhinterziehung by Kilian Bizer ( Book )
4 editions published between 2004 and 2011 in German and held by 43 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Hauptbeschreibung Steuerhinterziehung könnte bald den Fußball als Volkssport Nummer Eins ablösen. Die daraus resultierenden Mindereinnahmen schränken die politischen Handlungsspielräume ein und verleiten die Regierung dazu, die Belastung über Steuern und Abgaben zu erhöhen. Dadurch steigt jedoch der Anreiz, aus dem formellen Sektor auszuscheren und Steuern zu hinterziehen. Der so entstehende Teufelskreis führt zu einer immer geringeren Akzeptanz des Steuersystems und damit zu einer steigenden Tendenz der Steuerhinterziehung. Abgesehen von den klassischen Parametern wie Steuersätzen
Did We Overestimate the Role of Social Preferences? The Case of Self-Selected Student Samples by Armin Falk ( Book )
11 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and German and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Social preference research has fundamentally changed the way economists think about many important economic and social phenomena. However, the empirical foundation of social preferences is largely based on laboratory experiments with self-selected students as participants. This is potentially problematic as students participating in experiments may behave systematically diff erent than non-participating students or non-students. In this paper we empirically investigate whether laboratory experiments with student samples misrepresent the importance of social preferences. Our first study shows that students who exhibit stronger prosocial inclinations in an unrelated field donation are not more likely to participate in experiments. This suggests that self-selection of more prosocial students into experiments is not a major issue. Our second study compares behavior of students and the general population in a trust experiment. We find very similar behavioral patterns for the two groups. If anything, the level of reciprocation seems higher among non-students implying an even greater importance of social preferences than assumed from student samples
A theory of reciprocity by Armin Falk ( Book )
13 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper presents a formal theory of reciprocity. Reciprocity means that people reward kind actions and punish unkind ones. The theory takes into account that people evaluate the kindness of an action not only by its consequences but also the intention underlying this action. The theory explains the relevant stylized facts of a wide range of experimental games. Among them are the ultimatum game, the gift-exchange game, the prisoners dilemma, and the public goods games. Furthermore, the theory explains xhy the same consequences trigger different reciprocal responses in different environments. Finally the theory explains why in bilateral interactions outcomes tend to be "fair" whereas in competitive markets even extremly unfair distributions may arise
Appropriating the commons a theoretical explanation by Armin Falk ( Book )
10 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Discrimination and in-group favoritism in a citywide trust experiment by Armin Falk ( )
5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Preferences for Consistency by Armin Falk ( Book )
11 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper studies how a preference for consistency can affect economic decision-making. We propose a two-period model where people have a preference for consistency because consistent behavior allows them to signal personal and intellectual strength. We then present three experiments that study main predictions and implications of the model. The first is a simple principal-agent experiment that shows that consistency is valued by others and that this value is anticipated. The second experiment underlines the crucial role of early commitment for consistency preferences. Finally we show how preferences for consistency can be used to manipulate choices
Unemployment and right-wing extremist crime by Armin Falk ( Book )
15 editions published between 2004 and 2009 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
It is frequently argued that unemployment plays a crucial role for the occurrence of right-wing extremist crimes. We empirically test this hypothesis using data from Germany. We find that right-wing criminal activities occur more frequently when unemployment is high. The big difference in right-wing crime between East and West German states can mostly be attributed to differences in unemployment. This finding reinforces the importance of unemployment as an explanatory factor for right-wing crime and questions explanations based solely on the different socialization in former communist East Germany and the liberal West German states
The success of job applications: a new approach to program evaluation by Armin Falk ( )
9 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and German and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Choosing the joneses: endogenous goals and reference standards by Armin Falk ( )
8 editions published in 2004 in English and German and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Clean evidence on peer pressure by Armin Falk ( Book )
9 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
It's all about connections : evidence on network formation by Armin Falk ( Book )
8 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Distrust - the hidden cost of control by Armin Falk ( Book )
8 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We show experimentally that a principal's distrust in the voluntary performance of an agent has a negative impact on the agent's motivation to perform well. Before the agent chooses his performance, the principal in our experiment decides whether he wants to restrict the agents' choice set by implementing a minimum performance level for the agent. Since both parties have conflicting interests, restriction is optimal for the principal whenever the latter expects the agent to behave opportunistically. We find that most principals in our experiment do not restrict the agent's choice set but trust that the agent will perform well voluntarily. Principals who trust induce, on average, a higher performance and hence earn higher payoffs than principals who control. The reason is that most agents lower their performance as a response to the signal of distrust created by the principal's decision to limit their choice set. Our results shed new light on dysfunctional effects of explicit incentives as well as the puzzling incompleteness of many economic contracts"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
The behavioural effects of minimum wages by Armin Falk ( Book )
9 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The prevailing labor market models assume that minimum wages do not affect the labor supply schedule. We challenge this view in this paper by showing experimentally that minimum wages have significant and lasting effects on subjects' reservation wages. The temporary introduction of a minimum wage leads to a rise in subjects' reservation wages which persists even after the minimum wage has been removed. Firms are therefore forced to pay higher wages after the removal of the minimum wage than before its introduction. As a consequence, the employment effects of removing the minimum wage are significantly smaller than are the effects of its introduction. The impact of minimum wages on reservation wages may also explain the anomalously low utilization of subminimum wages if employers are given the opportunity of paying less than a minimum wage previously introduced. It may further explain why employers often increase workers' wages after an increase in the minimum wage by an amount exceeding that necessary for compliance with the higher minimum. At a more general level, our results suggest that economic policy may affect people's behavior by shaping the perception of what is a fair transaction and by creating entitlement effects. -- minimum wages ; labor market ; monopsony ; fairness ; reservation wages ; entitlement
Living in two neighborhoods : social interactions in the LAB by Armin Falk ( Book )
9 editions published between 2003 and 2009 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Field evidence suggests that agents belonging to the same group tend to behave similarly, i.e., behavior exhibits social interaction effects. Testing for such effects raises severe identification problems. We conduct an experiment that avoids these problems. The main design feature is that each subject simultaneously is a member of two randomly assigned and economically identical groups where only members ('neighbors') are different. In both groups subjects make contribution decisions to a public good. We speak of social interactions if the same subject at the same time makes group-specific contributions that depend on their respective neighbors' contribution. Our results are unambiguous evidence for social interactions. A majority of subjects is very strongly influenced by the contributions of their respective neighbors. Roughly ten percent exhibit no social interactions
On the nature of fair behaviour by Armin Falk ( Book )
6 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Self-confidence and search by Armin Falk ( )
3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.56 (from 0.37 for Discrimina ... to 0.79 for Institutio ...)
Alternative Names
Falk, A. 1968-
Languages
English (184)
German (9)