WorldCat Identities

Patacchini, Eleonora

Overview
Works: 40 works in 138 publications in 2 languages and 375 library holdings
Roles: Creator
Classifications: HC10, 370.153
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Eleonora Patacchini Publications about Eleonora Patacchini
Publications by  Eleonora Patacchini Publications by Eleonora Patacchini
Most widely held works by Eleonora Patacchini
Peer effects and social networks in education by Antoni Calvó-Armengol ( )
13 editions published between 2005 and 2008 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper studies whether structural properties of friendship networks affect individual outcomes in education. We first develop a model that shows that, at the Nash equilibrium, the outcome of each individual embedded in a network is proportional to her Katz-Bonacich centrality measure. This measure takes into account both direct and indirect friends of each individual but puts less weight to her distant friends. We then bring the model to the data by using a very detailed dataset of adolescent friendship networks. We show that, after controlling for observable individual characteristics and unobservable network specific factors, the individual's position in a network (as measured by her Katz-Bonacich centrality) is a key determinant of her level of activity. A standard deviation increase in the Katz-Bonacich centrality increases the pupil school performance by more than 7 percent of one standard deviation. -- Centrality measure ; peer influence ; network structure ; school performance
Intergenerational education transmission: neighborhood quality and/or parents' involvement? by Eleonora Patacchini ( )
9 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We develop a model that analyzes the impact of residential neighborhood and parents' involvement in education on children's educational attainment and test it using the UK National Child Development Study. We find that the better the quality of the neighborhood, the higher the parents' involvement in children's education, indicating cultural complementarity. For high-educated parents, the child's educational attainment is more affected by the parents' involvement than by the neighborhood quality while, for low-educated parents, the neighborhood quality seems to play the major role"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
The racial test score gap and parental involvement in Britain by Eleonora Patacchini ( )
4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We investigate the racial gap in test scores between black and white students in Britain both in levels and differences across the school years. We find that there is an increasing racial gap in test scores between ages 7 and 11, and a decreasing one between ages 11 and 16. Using the richness of information of the National Child Development Study, we find that the evolution of the racial test score gap reflects the racial parenting gap. The latter can, in turn, be explained by the fact that, during this period, the social structure of black families has gone through important changes while it has remained roughly the same for white families"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Social Networks and Parental Behavior in the Intergenerational Transmission of Religion by Eleonora Patacchini ( )
7 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We analyze the intergenerational transmission of the strength of religion focusing on the interplay between family and peer effects. We develop a theoretical model suggesting that both peer quality and parental effort are of importance for the religious behavior of the children. We then bring the model to the data by using a very detailed dataset of adolescent friendship networks in the United States. We find that, for religious parents, the higher is the fraction of religious peers, the more parents put effort in transmitting their religiosity, indicating cultural complementarity. For non-religious parents, we obtain the reverse, indicating cultural substituability. Concerning the success in transmitting the religious trait, we find that, for religious parents, the fraction of religious peers has only an indirect effect (through parental effort) while, for non-religious parents, there is a lower indirect effect and a statistically significant and sizeable direct effect of peers on the transmission of the non-religious trait
Search intensity, cost of living and local labour markets in Britain by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
7 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Mothers, friends and gender identity by Claudia Olivetti ( )
7 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper explores a novel mechanism of gender identity formation. Specifically, we explore how the work behavior of a teenager's own mother, as well as that of her friends' mothers, affect her work decisions in adulthood. The first mechanism is commonly included in economic models. The second, which in social psychology is also emphasized as an important factor in gender identity formation, has so far been overlooked. Accordingly, our key theoretical innovation is how the utility function is modeled. It is assumed that an adult woman's work decisions are influenced by her own mother's choices as well as her friends' mothers' choices when she was a teenager, and the interaction between the two. The empirical salience of this behavioral model is tested using a network model specification together with the longitudinal structure of the AddHealth data set. We find that both intergenerational channels positively affect a woman's work hours in adulthood, but the cross effect is negative, indicating the existence of cultural substitutability. That is, the mother's role model effect is larger the more distant she is (in terms of working hours) from the friends' mothers
Mismatch, transport mode and search decisions in England by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Ethnic networks and employment outcomes ( )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Juvenile delinquency and conformism by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
5 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper studies whether conformism behavior affects individual outcomes in crime. We present a social network model of peer effects with ex-ante heterogeneous agents and show how conformism and deterrence affect criminal activities. We then bring the model to the data by using a very detailed dataset of adolescent friendship networks. A novel social network-based empirical strategy allows us to identify peer effects for different types of crimes. We find that conformity plays an important role for all crimes, especially for petty crimes. This suggests that, for juvenile crime, an effective policy should not only be measured by the possible crime reduction it implies but also by the group interactions it engenders
Crime and conformism by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
4 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Racial identity and education by Eleonora Patacchini ( )
8 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We investigate the sources of differences in school performance between students of different races by focusing on identity issues. We find that having a higher percentage of same-race friends has a positive effect of white teenagers' test score while having a negative effect on blacks' test scores. However, the higher the education level of a black teenager's parent, the lower this negative effect, while for whites, it is the reverse. It is thus the combination of the choice of friends (which is a measure of own identity) and the parent's education that are responsible for the difference in education attainment between students of different races but also between students of the same race. One interesting aspects of this paper is to provide a theoretical model that grounds the instrumental variable approach used in the empirical analysis to deal with endogeneity issues"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Ethnicity and spatial externalities in crime by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Dynamic aspects of teenage friendships and educational attainment by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We study peer effects in education. We first develop a network model that predicts a relationship between own education and peers' education as measured by direct links in the social network. We then test this relationship using the four waves of the AddHealth data, looking at the impact of school friends nominated in the first wave in 1994-1995 on own educational outcome reported in the fourth wave in 2007-2008. We find that there are strong and persistent peer effects in education since a standard deviation increase in peers' education attainment translates into roughly a 10 percent increase of a standard deviation in the individual's education attainment (roughly 3.5 more months of education). We also find that peer effects are in fact significant only for adolescents who were friends in grades 10-12 but not for those who were friends in grades 7-9. This might indicate that social norms are important in educational choice since the individual's choice of college seems to be influenced by that of friends in the two last years of high school
The dynamics of racial test score gap during the school years in Britain by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Systemic risk and network formation in the interbank market by Ethan Cohen-Cole ( Book )
6 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We propose a novel mechanism to facilitate understanding of systemic risk in financial markets. The literature on systemic risk has focused on two mechanisms, common shocks and domino-like sequential default. Our approach is a formal model that provides an intellectual combination of the two by looking at how shocks propagate through a network of interconnected banks. Transmission in our model is not based on default. Instead, we provide a simple microfoundation of banks' profitability based on classic competition incentives. As competitors lending quantities change, both for closely connected ones and the whole market, banks adjust their own lending decisions as a result, generating a t̀ransmission' of shocks through the system. We provide a unique equilibrium characterization of a static model, and embed this model into a full dynamic model of network formation with n agents. Because we have an explicit characterization of equilibrium behavior, we have a tractable way to bring the model to the data. Indeed, our measures of systemic risk capture the propagation of shocks in a wide variety of contexts; that is, it can explain the pattern of behavior both in good times as well as in crisis
Peer effects in education, sport, and screen activities : local aggregate or local average? by Xiaodong Liu ( Book )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We develop two different social network models with different economic foundations. In the local-aggregate model, it is the sum of friends' efforts in some activity that affects the utility of each individual while, in the local-average model, it is costly to deviate from the average effort of friends. Even though the two models are fundamentally different in terms of behavioral foundation, their implications in terms of Nash equilibrium are relatively close since only the adjacency (social interaction) matrix differs in equilibrium, one being the row-normalized version of the other. We test these alternative mechanisms of social interactions to study peer effects in education, sport and screen activities for adolescents in the United States using the AddHealth data. We extend Kelejian's (2008) J test for spatial econometric models helping differentiate between these two behavioral models. We find that peer effects are not significant for screen activities (like e.g. video games). On the contrary, for sport activities, we find that students are mostly influenced by the aggregate activity of their friends (local-aggregate model) while, for education, we show that both the aggregate performance at school of friends and conformism matter, even though the magnitude of the effect is higher for the latter
Unobservable factors and panel data sets : an investigation in the labour market by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
4 editions published between 2002 and 2004 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Student Networks and Long-Run Educational Outcomes The Strength of Strong Ties by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The aim of this paper is to investigate and understand the effect of high-school friends on years of schooling. We develop a simple network model where students first choose their friends and then decide how much effort they put in education. The empirical salience of the model is tested using the four waves of the AddHealth data by looking at the impact of school peers nominated in the first two waves in 1994-1995 and in 1995-1996 on the educational outcome of teenagers reported in the fourth wave in 2007-2008 (when adult). We find that there are strong and persistent peer effects in education but peers tend to be influential only when they are strong ties (friends in both wave I and II) and not when they are weak ties (friend in one wave only). We also find that this is not true in the short run since both weak and strong ties tend to influence current grades
Unexplored Dimensions of Discrimination in Europe Homosexuality and Physical Appearance by Eleonora Patacchini ( Book )
5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We study labor-market discrimination of individuals with specific characteristics in Italy. We conduct a field experiment in two Italian cities: Rome and Milan, by sending fake CVs to real ads. We find that there is a strong penalty for homosexuals, i.e. about 30% less chance to be called back compared to an heterosexual male and even more so if they are highly skilled. On the other hand, we find no penalty for homosexual females. We also find a beauty premium for females only but this premium is much lower when the "pretty" woman is skilled
Peer Effects Social Multiplier or Social Norms? by Xiaodong Liu ( Book )
5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We develop an unified model embedding different behavioral mechanisms of social interactions and design a statistical model selection test to discriminate between them in empirical applications. This framework is applied to study peer effects in education and delinquent behavior for adolescents in the United States. We find that there are strong social multiplier effects in crime while, for education, social norms matter the most. This suggests that, for crime, individual-based policies are more appropriate while, for education, group-based policies are more effective
 
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Audience level: 0.53 (from 0.39 for The racial ... to 0.66 for Mothers, f ...)
Alternative Names
Patacchini, E. (Eleonora)
Patacchini, Elenora
Patacchini, Elenora 1975-
Languages
English (113)
German (1)