WorldCat Identities

Gobillon, Laurent

Overview
Works: 36 works in 118 publications in 3 languages and 233 library holdings
Roles: Contributor, Creator
Classifications: HC10, 338.06
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Laurent Gobillon Publications about Laurent Gobillon
Publications by  Laurent Gobillon Publications by Laurent Gobillon
Most widely held works by Laurent Gobillon
Spatial mismatch : from the hypothesis to the theories by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
8 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The effect of location on finding a job in the greater Paris area by Laurent Gobillon ( )
3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Assessing the effects of local taxation using microgeographic data by Gilles Duranton ( Book )
9 editions published between 2006 and 2010 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Spatial wage disparities : sorting matters! by Pierre-Philippe Combes ( Book )
6 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The mechanisms of spatial mismatch by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
5 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Do unemployed workers benefit from enterprise zones? the French experience by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
9 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and German and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper is a statistical evaluation of the 1997 enterprise zone program in France. We investigate whether the program increased the pace at which unemployed workers residing in targeted municipalities and surrounding areas find employment. The work relies on a two-stage analysis of unemployment spells drawn from an exhaustive dataset over the 1993-2003 period in the Paris region. We first estimate a duration model stratified by municipalities in order to recover semester-specific municipality effects net of individual observed heterogeneity. These effects are estimated both before and after the implementation of the program, allowing us to construct variants of difference-in-difference estimators of the impact of the program at the municipality level. Following extensive robustness checks, we conclude that enterprise zones have a very small but significant effect on the rate at which unemployed workers find a job. The effect remains localized and is shown to be significant only in the short run
The effect of location on finding a job in the Paris Region by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
6 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The effect of segregation and spatial mismatch on unemployment: evidence from France by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Estimating gender differences in access to jobs: females trapped at the bottom of the ladder by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
6 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this paper, we propose a job assignment model allowing for a gender difference in access to jobs. Males and females compete for the same job positions. They are primarily interested in the best-paid jobs. A structural relationship of the model can be used to empirically recover the probability ratio of females and males getting a given job position. As this ratio is allowed to vary with the rank of jobs in the wage distribution of positions, barriers in females' access to high-paid jobs can be detected and quantified. We estimate the gender relative probability of getting any given job position for full-time executives aged 40-45 in the private sector. This is done using an exhaustive French administrative dataset on wage bills. Our results show that the access to any job position is lower for females than for males. Also, females' access decreases with the rank of job positions in the wage distribution, which is consistent with females being faced with more barriers to high-paid jobs than to low-paid jobs. At the bottom of the wage distribution, the probability of females getting a job is 12% lower than the probability of males. The difference in probability is far larger at the top of the wage distribution and climbs to 50%
Spatial disparities in hospital performances by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
5 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Spatial disparities in mortality can result from spatial differences in patient characteristics, treatments, hospital characteristics, and local healthcare market structure. To distinguish between these explanatory factors, we estimate a fexible duration model on stays in hospital for a heart attack using a French exhaustive dataset. Over the 1998-2003 period, the raw disparities in the propensity to die within 15 days between the extreme regions reaches 80%. It decreases to 47% after taking into account the patients' characteristics and their treatments. We conduct a variance analysis to explain regional disparities in mortality. Whereas spatial variations in the use of innovative treatments play the most important role, spatial differences in the local concentration of patients also play a significant role
The identification of agglomeration economies by Pierre-Philippe Combes ( Book )
5 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Measures of urban productivity are typically positively associated with city population. But is this relationship causal? We discuss the main sources of bias in the proper identification of agglomeration effects. We also assess a variety of solutions that have been proposed in the literature to deal with them
The Costs of Agglomeration Land Prices in French Cities by Pierre-Philippe Combes ( Book )
6 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We develop a new methodology to estimate the elasticity of urban costs with respect to city population using French land price data. Our preferred estimate, which handles a number of estimation concerns, stands at 0.041. Our approach also yields a number of intermediate outputs of independent interest such as a distance gradient for land prices and the elasticity of unit land prices with respect to city population. For the latter, our preferred estimate is 0.72
Evaluating the effect of ownership status on hospital quality : the key role of innovative procedures by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
6 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Mortality differences between university, non-teaching public and for-profit hospitals are investigated using a French exhaustive administrative dataset on patients admitted for heart attack. Our results show that innovative procedures play a key role in explaining the effect of ownership status on hospital quality. When age, sex, diagnoses and co-morbidities are held constant, the mortality rates in for-profit and university hospitals are similar, but they are lower than in public non-teaching hospitals. When additionally controlling for innovative procedures, the mortality rate is higher in for-profit hospitals than in the two groups of public hospitals. This suggests that the quality of care in for-profit hospitals relies on innovative procedures and that, after controlling for case-mix and innovative treatments, there is a better quality of care in public hospitals
Evaluating the law of one price using micro panel data by Laurent Gobillon ( )
3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper investigates spatial variations in product prices using an exhaustive micro dataset on fish transactions. The data record all transactions between vessels and wholesalers that occur on local fish markets in France during the year 2007. Spatial disparities in fish prices are sizable, even after fish quality, time, seller and buyer unobserved heterogeneity have been taken into account. The price difference between local fish markets can be explained to some extent by distance, but mostly by a coast effect (analogous to a border effect in the literature on the law of one price) related to separate location on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. In particular, fish and crustacean prices are 34% higher on the Mediterranean coast. The law of one price is verified for almost all species when considering only local fish markets on the Atlantic coast
Ethnic unemployment rates and frictional markets by Laurent Gobillon ( )
4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The unemployment rate in France is roughly 6 percentage points higher for African immigrants than for natives. In the US the unemployment rate is approximately 9 percentage points higher for blacks than for whites. Commute time data indicates that minorities face longer commute times to work, potentially reflecting more difficult access to jobs. In this paper we investigate the impact of spatial mismatch on the unemployment rate of ethnic groups using the matching model proposed by Rupert and Wasmer (2012). We find that spatial factors explain between 1 to 1.5 percentage points of the unemployment rate gap in both France and the US, amounting to 17% to 25% of the relative gap in France and about 10% in the US. Among these factors, differences in commuting distance plays the most important role. In France, though, longer commuting distances may be mitigated by higher mobility in the housing market for African workers. Overall, we still conclude that labor market factors remain the main explanation for the higher unemployment rate of Africans
Mobilité résidentielle et marchés locaux de l'emploi by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
2 editions published between 2002 and 2007 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The right to housing is an essential value of French society. Its purpose is to help the poor to live in houses with a minimum of comfort. Economic policies were created to implement this right such as public housing and profitable loans to access to ownership. This Ph. D tries to contribute to their evaluation. First, it determines to what extent economic policies have succeeded in influencing housing choices of poor households in order to grant them a decent standard of living. It also raises the question about macroeconomic consequences of such policies. Public housing and ownership cause residential inertia. Consequently, they can limit the capacity of migrations to reduce local imbalances on the labour market. In particular, the lack of labour mobility contributes to local disparities of wages that are examined in detail
The productivity advantages of large cities: distinguishing agglomeration from firm selection ( )
4 editions published between 2009 and 2012 in English and German and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Firms are more productive on average in larger cities. Two main explanations have been offered: firm selection (larger cities toughen competition, allowing only the most productive to survive) and agglomeration economies (larger cities promote interactions that increase productivity), possibly reinforced by localised natural advantage. To distinguish between them, we nest a generalised version of a tractable firm selection model and a standard model of agglomeration. Stronger selection in larger cities left-truncates the productivity distribution whereas stronger agglomeration right-shifts and dilates the distribution. Using this prediction, French establishment level data, and a new quantile approach, we show that firm selection cannot explain spatial productivity differences. This result holds across sectors, city size thresholds, establishment samples, and area definitions. -- agglomeration ; firm selection ; productivity ; cities
Estimating agglomeration economies with history, geology, and worker effects ( Book )
2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Migrations, incomes and unobserved heterogeneity by Laurent Gobillon ( Book )
2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Sorting and local wage and skill distributions in France ( )
2 editions published in 2012 in German and English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper provides descriptive evidence about the distribution of wages and skills in denser and less dense employment areas in France. We confirm that on average, workers in denser areas are more skilled. There is also strong over-representation of workers with particularly high and low skills in denser areas. These features are consistent with patterns of migration including negative selection of migrants to less dense areas and positive selection towards denser areas. Nonetheless migration, even in the long run, accounts for little of the skill differences between denser and less dense areas. Finally, we find marked differences across age groups and some suggestions that much of the skill differences across areas can be explained by differences between occupational groups rather than within. -- sorting ; wage distribution ; skill distribution
 
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Audience level: 0.56 (from 0.47 for The effect ... to 0.66 for Evaluating ...)
Alternative Names
Gobillon, L. 1975-
Gobillon, Laurent Michel 1975-
Languages
English (93)
German (3)
French (2)