WorldCat Identities

Gaigné, Carl

Works: 21 works in 45 publications in 2 languages and 105 library holdings
Roles: Author, 958, Editor, Opponent
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Carl Gaigné
The gains from preferential tax regimes reconsidered by Carl Gaigné( Book )

4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The EU policy against harmful tax competition aims at eliminating tax policies targeted at attracting the internationally mobile tax base. We examine this issue by considering two countries which decide their corporate tax rates their tax regimes (discriminatory or non-discriminatory tax policy). Firms produce under imperfect competition and trade between countries is costly. The endogenous spatial allocation of mobile firms depends upon different parameters of the economy while the distribution of immobile firms is exogenous. We show that countries discriminate against immobile firms when trade costs are high. Trade integration makes imposing the same tax on all firms more appealing such that, at low trade costs, the unique Nash equilibrium is characterized by uniform corporate taxes being set by both governments. However, when trade costs reach intermediates values, fiscal competition may lead to tax discrimination while uniform taxation is socially preferred
Aging nations and the future of cities by Carl Gaigné( Book )

5 editions published between 2004 and 2009 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We investigate whether an aging population may challenge the supremacy of large working-cities. To this end, we develop an economic geography model with two types of individuals (workers and retirees) and two sectors (local services and manufacturing). Workers produce and consume; the elderly consume only. As a result, the mobility decision of workers is driven by both the wage gap and the cost-of-living gap, unlike the elderly who react to the differences in the cost of living only. We show that the return of pre-industrial urban system dominated by rentier cities does not seem to be on the agenda. Quite the opposite, the future of large working-cities is still bright, the reason being that todays urban costs act as a strong force that prevents a large share of local services and manufacturing firms from following the rentiers in the elderly-cities, while the supply of differentiated b2c services prevent their complete separation
Is the regulation of the transport sector always detrimental to consumers? by Kristian Behrens( Book )

5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Are compact cities environmentally friendly? by Carl Gaigné( Book )

4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is a large consensus among international institutions and national governments to favor urban-containment policies - the compact city - as a way to improve the ecological performance of the urban system. This approach overlooks a fundamental fact: what matters for the ecological outcome of cities is the mix between the level of population density and the global pattern of activities. As expected, when both the intercity and intraurban distributions of activities are given, a higher population density makes cities more environmentally friendly. However, once we account for the fact that cities may be either monocentric or polycentric as well as for the possible relocation of activities between cities, the relationship between population density and the ecological performance of cities appears to be much more involved. Indeed, because changes in population density affect land rents and wages, firms and workers are incited to relocate, thus leading to new commuting and shipping patterns. We show that policies favoring the decentralization of jobs may be more environmentally desirable
Agglomeration, city size and crime by Carl Gaigné( Book )

4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper analyzes the relationship between crime and agglomeration where the land, labor, product, and crime markets are endogenously determined. We show that in bigger cities there is relatively more crime, a standard stylized fact of most cities in the world. We also show that, in the short run when individuals are not mobile, a reduction in commuting costs (or a better access to jobs) decreases crime while, in the long run with free mobility, the effect is ambiguous. Finally, we show that the most efficient way of reducing total crime is to use both a transportation and a crime policy that decreases commuting costs and increases policy resources
How to make the metropolitan area work? : neither big government, nor laissez-faire by Carl Gaigné( Book )

4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We study how political boundaries and fiscal competition interact with the labor and land markets to determine the economic structure and performance of metropolitan areas. Contrary to general belief, institutional fragmentation need not be welfare-decreasing, and commuting from the suburbs to the central city is not wasteful. Thus, the institutional and economic limits of the central city do not coincide at the social optimum. Under tax competition, the central business district is too small. The dispersion of jobs is increased when suburbanite workers consume the public services supplied by the central city. This indicates the need for some metropolitan governance
Inter-regional and international trade : seventy years after Ohlin( Book )

1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Globalization, tax competition and fiscal equalization by Carl Gaigné( Book )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economie géographique et dispersion des activités productives contributions à l'analyse de la localisation industrielle en zone rurale by Carl Gaigné( Book )

3 editions published between 2001 and 2003 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse vise à analyser les conditions et le caractère socialement souhaitable ou non de la dispersion spatiale des industries à partir de modèles de localisation d'équilibre général en situation de concurrence monopolistique de type Dixit-Stiglitz. Je montre, tout d'abord, de quelle manière le niveau d'activité des zones rurales est lié à l'évolution des valeurs relatives des coûts de transport des biens finaux et des biens intermédiaires ainsi que de l'évolution des technologies de production. A la suite de ces deux investigations théoriques, une analyse économétrique est menée montrant l'existence, pour un nombre important de secteurs, d'un arbitrage entre se localiser dans les zones où le coût du travail est relativement faible et se localiser à proximité des producteurs et demandeurs de biens intermédiaires. Enfin, les conditions pour lesquelles la dispersion des activités doit être favorisée sont déterminées au vu de critères d'efficacité et d'équité
Investissement direct et sous-traitance internationale dans les pays du Sud : le cas de la Tunisie. by Oubeid Rahmouni( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the early eighties, the liberalization of the world economy has led to a rapid evolution of the FDI flows essentially to the developing countries. This growth is the result of a structural change of the economic activity towards an international vertical specialization. Consequently, a new principle of analysis has emerged to arbitrate between the FDI and the international outsourcing.Our work is interested in the case of Tunisia and examines the evolution of the FDI inflows after the signing of the partnership agreement with the EU in 1995. This agreement represents a landmark in the liberalization process of the Tunisian economy meant to strengthen the traditional economic determinants.Our empirical study of the inflows between 1992 and 2008 for the 58 countries originating in the foreign investment in Tunisia shows that these investments have concentrated mainly on the sector of energy and on the textile and clothing industry. The main motivation of the foreign investors remains the search for cheap labour in a logical international division of labour. Furthermore, apart from some privatization operations generating important flows and concentrated in telecommunications and cement, the process of liberalization of the economic activity didn't have the expected effects on the incoming FDI flows
Economie des villes et de la localisation by Masahisa Fujita( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International spillovers and productivity : the French case by Haithem Ben Hassine( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In December 2004, the French public authorities launched the first call for projects kicking off the policy clusters, including Phase 3 launched by the government on 9 January 2013, with particular emphasis on issues of economic spinoffs clusters that should be amplified. The objective of this thesis is to verify the existence of such spinoffs (spillovers) from foreign direct investment (FDI) in the French case. Specifically, we analyze the impact of spillovers on the productivity of firms located in France and we want to know if the decisions to invest in R&D are closely related to the level of spillovers flowing between local firms and foreign firms operating in France. In the first chapter, we aim at verifying the existence of knowledge spilovers through two transmission channels: horizontal and vertical ones. We highlight that the know-how spreads on the one hand, between foreign customers and local supplier in the upstream sector (backward linkages) and on the other hand, between local suppliers and foreign customers in the downstream sector (forward linkages). We suggest that, in the French case, the knowledge spillovers occur primarily through backward spillovers, while spillovers within the same sector (horizontal spillovers) and spillovers diffused from the foreign suppliers to the local customers rather act as a brake on the productivity of firms located in France. In the second chapter, we focus on the incentive of firms to further invest in R&D with respect to the intensity of spillovers resulting from these activities. For this purpose, we build a theoretical model to explain the strategies of firms in terms of R&D based on the technological know-how disseminated by a foreign subsidiary in the host country (international R&D spillovers), know-how issued by a local firm (reverse R&D spillovers) and the know-how that being exchanged between the subsidiary firm and its parent company located in its home country (internal technological transfer). We show that taking into account these different channels of exogenous spillovers refers to the prisoner's dilemma where the diffusion of a high and comparable level of know-how encourages firms to invest in R&D and a low level of spillovers compared to a threshold value (determined based on the intensity of competition) forces them to reduce their R&D investment. In a context of asymmetric spillovers, the firm which more absorbs the technology of its competitor increases its investment in R&D. In the last chapter, we focus on international spillovers and reverse spillovers not only from R&D activities but also from outsourcing activities. We suggest that the effects of international spillovers on the productivity of firms in France are more important than those of reverse spillovers. As far as R&D spillovers are concerned, their effect on a firms' productivity is positive and significant in the upstream and downstream sector, but is more important for backward linkages. Concerning spillovers from outsourcing activities, the effect is only in favor of spillovers diffused by the contractor. These effects depend on the technological level of the sector concerned. The effect of spillovers on the productivity seems to be more important for firms belonging to high-tech sectors than for firms belonging to medium- and low-tech sectors
Amenities and the social structure of cities by Carl Gaigné( Book )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We develop a new model of a "featureful" city in which locations are differentiated by two attributes, that is, the distance to employment centers and the accessibility to given amenities, and we show how heterogeneous households in income are sorted out across the urban space. Under Stone-Geary preferences, the spatial income distribution is governed by a location-quality index which reflects the interaction between the amenity and commuting cost functions. The residential equilibrium typically involves the spatial separation of households sharing similar incomes. Using data on Dutch cities, we show that there is a causal relationship between the amenity level and consumer income, suggesting that richer households sort themselves into high amenity locations. We do not find strong evidence that employment accessibility leads to income segregation, suggesting that the standard monocentric city model without amenities is a poor predictor of the social structure of cities
Agglomération et politiques régionales de soutien de l'offre by Sylvie Charlot( )

1 edition published in 2002 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Localisation des productions agricoles et durabilité des systèmes d'approvisionnement alimentaire en milieu urbain by Anne Fournier( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Au cours des soixante dernières années, la population mondiale a connu un sursaut spectaculaire, passant de 2,5 milliards d'habitants à la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale à 7 milliards en 2011. Cette croissance démographique se distingue des précédents épisodes tant par son importance que par l'apparition conjointe d'une tendance nouvelle et soutenue à la concentration des populations au sein des villes. Appelée à se renforcer partout dans le monde, cette tendance au grossissement des villes lance un véritable défi à la communauté internationale en matière de durabilité de notre système économique en général et alimentaire en particulier. Cette thèse propose un traitement théorique de la question de la durabilité des systèmes d'approvisionnement alimentaires en milieu urbain. A la frontière entre économie publique et économie géographique, elle poursuit comme objectif principal de permettre la conduite d'une analyse formalisée des arbitrages environnementaux et sociaux dans un cadre spatial explicite. En outre, l'idée selon laquelle aucune réponse ne saurait être satisfaisante sans qu'une attention spécifique soit portée aux interactions spatiales, économiques et écologiques entre espaces urbains et agriculture constitue l'un des positionnements clés défendus dans ce travail. De manière générale, les travaux de cette thèse font apparaître l'élément majeur suivant: du fait de la forte et inextricable interconnexion entre milieux urbain et rural, l'évaluation environnementale, sociale et économique d'un système alimentaire ne peut se faire qu'en connaissance des caractéristiques démographique et physique de la ville concernée
Economie de la production ricultural production economics( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Appariement et stabilité de la relation d'emploi dans les espaces ruraux = Matching and stability of employment relationship in rural areas by Carl Gaigné( )

1 edition published in 2000 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Supply Uncertainty and Foreign Direct Investments in Agri-food Industry( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trade costs versus urban costs by Jean Cavailhès( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trade costs and international strategy of firms the role of endogenous product differentiation by Pierre Blanchard( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Audience level: 0.87 (from 0.42 for Supply Unc ... to 0.97 for Internatio ...)

Alternative Names
Gaigné, Carl 1972-...

English (34)

French (10)