WorldCat Identities

Gaigné, Carl

Works: 9 works in 34 publications in 2 languages and 78 library holdings
Classifications: HT321, 338.5
Publication Timeline
Publications about  Carl Gaigné Publications about Carl Gaigné
Publications by  Carl Gaigné Publications by Carl Gaigné
Most widely held works by Carl Gaigné
Trade costs versus urban costs by Jean Cavailhès ( Book )
5 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Is the regulation of the transport sector always detrimental to consumers? by Kristian Behrens ( Book )
5 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The gains from preferential tax regimes reconsidered by Carl Gaigné ( Book )
4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The EU policy against harmful tax competition aims at eliminating tax policies targeted at attracting the internationally mobile tax base. We examine this issue by considering two countries which decide their corporate tax rates their tax regimes (discriminatory or non-discriminatory tax policy). Firms produce under imperfect competition and trade between countries is costly. The endogenous spatial allocation of mobile firms depends upon different parameters of the economy while the distribution of immobile firms is exogenous. We show that countries discriminate against immobile firms when trade costs are high. Trade integration makes imposing the same tax on all firms more appealing such that, at low trade costs, the unique Nash equilibrium is characterized by uniform corporate taxes being set by both governments. However, when trade costs reach intermediates values, fiscal competition may lead to tax discrimination while uniform taxation is socially preferred
Aging nations and the future of cities by Carl Gaigné ( Book )
4 editions published between 2004 and 2009 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We investigate whether an aging population may challenge the supremacy of large working-cities. To this end, we develop an economic geography model with two types of individuals (workers and retirees) and two sectors (local services and manufacturing). Workers produce and consume; the elderly consume only. As a result, the mobility decision of workers is driven by both the wage gap and the cost-of-living gap, unlike the elderly who react to the differences in the cost of living only. We show that the return of pre-industrial urban system dominated by rentier cities does not seem to be on the agenda. Quite the opposite, the future of large working-cities is still bright, the reason being that todays urban costs act as a strong force that prevents a large share of local services and manufacturing firms from following the rentiers in the elderly-cities, while the supply of differentiated b2c services prevent their complete separation
Are Compact Cities Environmentally Friendly? by Carl Gaigné ( Book )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
There is a large consensus among international institutions and national governments to favor urban-containment policies - the compact city - as a way to improve the ecological performance of the urban system. This approach overlooks a fundamental fact: what matters for the ecological outcome of cities is the mix between the level of population density and the global pattern of activities. As expected, when both the intercity and intraurban distributions of activities are given, a higher population density makes cities more environmentally friendly. However, once we account for the fact that cities may be either monocentric or polycentric as well as for the possible relocation of activities between cities, the relationship between population density and the ecological performance of cities appears to be much more involved. Indeed, because changes in population density affect land rents and wages, firms and workers are incited to relocate, thus leading to new commuting and shipping patterns. We show that policies favoring the decentralization of jobs may be more environmentally desirable
How to make the metropolitan area work? neither big government, nor laissez-faire by Carl Gaigné ( )
3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We study how political boundaries and fiscal competition interact with the labor and land markets to determine the economic structure and performance of metropolitan areas. Contrary to general belief, institutional fragmentation need not be welfare-decreasing, and commuting from the suburbs to the central city is not wasteful. Thus, the institutional and economic limits of the central city do not coincide at the social optimum. Under tax competition, the central business district is too small. The dispersion of jobs is increased when suburbanite workers consume the public services supplied by the central city. This indicates the need for some metropolitan governance
Agglomeration, City Size and Crime by Carl Gaigné ( )
4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper analyzes the relationship between crime and agglomeration where the land, labor, product, and crime markets are endogenously determined. We show that in bigger cities there is relatively more crime, a standard stylized fact of most cities in the world. We also show that, in the short run when individuals are not mobile, a reduction in commuting costs (or a better access to jobs) decreases crime while, in the long run with free mobility, the effect is ambiguous. Finally, we show that the most efficient way of reducing total crime is to use both a transportation and a crime policy that decreases commuting costs and increases policy resources
Agglomeration and welfare : the core-periphery model in the light of Bentham, Kaldor and Rawls by Sylvie Charlot ( Book )
3 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Economie des villes et de la localisation by Masahisa Fujita ( Book )
2 editions published in 2003 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.57 (from 0.53 for Is the reg ... to 0.63 for Agglomerat ...)
English (32)
French (2)