WorldCat Identities

Nunn, Nathan

Works: 26 works in 168 publications in 2 languages and 1,065 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: HC800, 338.96009
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Nathan Nunn
Africa's development in historical perspective( Book )

8 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 224 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This edited volume addresses the root causes of Africa's persistent poverty through an investigation of its longue duree history. It interrogates the African past through disease and demography, institutions and governance, African economies and the impact of the export slave trade, colonialism, Africa in the world economy, and culture's influence on accumulation and investment. Several of the chapters take a comparative perspective, placing Africa's developments aside other global patterns. The readership for this book spans from the informed lay reader with an interest in Africa, academics and undergraduate and graduate students, policy makers, and those in the development world
Putting the lid on lobbying : tariff structure and long-term growth when protection is for sale by Nathan Nunn( Book )

9 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: We show that our results are not compatible with explanations that appeal to (1) externalities per se, (2) initial industrial structure that is skewed towards skill-intensive industries, or (3) the effects of broader institutions such as rule of law and control of corruption
Ruggedness : the blessing of bad geography in Africa by Nathan Nunn( Book )

12 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is controversy about whether geography matters mainly because of its contemporaneous impact on economic outcomes or because of its interaction with historical events. Looking at terrain ruggedness, we are able to estimate the importance of these two channels. Because rugged terrain hinders trade and most productive activities, it has a negative direct effect on income. However, in Africa rugged terrain afforded protection to those being raided during the slave trades. Since the slave trades retarded subsequent economic development, in Africa ruggedness has also had a historical indirect positive effect on income. Studying all countries worldwide, we find that both effects are significant statistically and that for Africa the indirect positive effect dominates the direct negative effect. Looking within Africa, we also provide evidence that the indirect effect operates through the slave trades
The potato's contribution to population and urbanization : evidence from an historical experiment by Nathan Nunn( Book )

13 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We exploit regional variation in suitability for cultivating potatoes, together with time variation arising from their introduction to the Old World from the Americas, to estimate the impact of potatoes on Old World population and urbanization. Our results show that the introduction of the potato was responsible for a significant portion of the increase in population and urbanization observed during the 18th and 19th centuries
Aiding conflict : the impact of U.S. food aid on civil war by Nathan Nunn( Book )

12 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines the effect of U.S. food aid on conflict in recipient countries. To establish a causal relationship, we exploit time variation in food aid caused by fluctuations in U.S. wheat production together with cross-sectional variation in a country's tendency to receive any food aid from the United States. Our estimates show that an increase in U.S. food aid increases the incidence, onset and duration of civil conflicts in recipient countries. Our results suggest that the effects are larger for smaller scale civil conflicts. No effect is found on interstate warfare
On the origins of gender roles : women and the plough by Alberto Alesina( Book )

15 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper seeks to better understand the historical origins of current differences in norms and beliefs about the appropriate role of women in society. We test the hypothesis that traditional agricultural practices influenced the historical gender division of labor and the evolution and persistence of gender norms. We find that, consistent with existing hypotheses, the descendants of societies that traditionally practiced plough agriculture, today have lower rates of female participation in the workplace, in politics, and in entrepreneurial activities, as well as a greater prevalence of attitudes favoring gender inequality. We identify the causal impact of traditional plough use by exploiting variation in the historical geo-climatic suitability of the environment for growing crops that differentially benefited from the adoption of the plough. Our IV estimates, based on this variation, support the findings from OLS. To isolate the importance of cultural transmission as a mechanism, we examine female labor force participation of second-generation immigrants living within the US
The long-term effects of Africa's slave trades by Nathan Nunn( Book )

9 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Can part of Africa's current underdevelopment be explained by its slave trades? To explore this question, I use data from shipping records and historical documents reporting slave ethnicities to construct estimates of the number of slaves exported from each country during Africa's slave trades. I find a robust negative relationship between the number of slaves exported from a country and current economic performance. To better understand if the relationship is causal, I examine the historical evidence on selection into the slave trades, and use instrumental variables. Together the evidence suggests that the slave trades have had an adverse effect on economic development
Fertility and the plough by Alberto Alesina( Book )

14 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The current study finds that societies which historically engaged in plough agriculture today have lower fertility. We argue, and provide ethnographic evidence, that the finding is explained by the fact that with plough agriculture, children, like women, are relatively less useful in the field. The plough requires strength and eliminates the need for weeding, a task particularly suitable for women and children. This in turn generates a preference for fewer children, lowering fertility
The transmission of democracy : from the village to the nation-state by Paola Giuliano( Book )

12 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We provide evidence that a history of democracy at the local level is associated with contemporary democracy at the national level. Auxiliary estimates show that a tradition of local democracy is also associated with attitudes that favor democracy, with better quality institutions, and higher level of economic development -- National Bureau of Economic Research web site
The slave trade and the origins of mistrust in Africa by Nathan Nunn( Book )

9 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We investigate the historical origins of mistrust within Africa. Combining contemporary household survey data with historic data on slave shipments, we show that individuals whose ancestors were heavily raided during the slave trade today exhibit less trust in neighbors, relatives, and their local government. We confirm that the relationship is causal by using the historic distance from the coast of a respondent's ancestors as an instrument for the intensity of the slave trade, while controlling for the individual's current distance from the coast. We undertake a number of falsification tests, all of which suggest that the necessary exclusion restriction is satisfied. Exploiting variation among individuals who live in locations different from their ancestors, we show that most of the impact of the slave trade works through factors that are internal to the individual, such as cultural norms, beliefs, and values."--1st unnumbered leaf
The importance of history for economic development by Nathan Nunn( Book )

8 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This article provides a survey of a growing body of empirical evidence that points towards the important long-term effects that historic events can have on current economic development. The most recent studies, using micro-level data and more sophisticated identification techniques, have moved beyond testing whether history matters, and attempt to identify exactly why history matters. The most commonly examined channels include: institutions, culture, knowledge and technology, and movements between multiple equilibria. The article concludes with a discussion of the questions that remain and the direct of current research in the literature
Culture and the historical process by Nathan Nunn( Book )

6 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This article discusses the importance of accounting for cultural values and beliefs when studying the process of historical economic development. A notion of culture as heuristics or rules-of-thumb that aid in decision making is described. Because cultural traits evolve based upon relative fitness, historical shocks can have persistent impacts if they alter the costs and benefits of different traits. A number of empirical studies confirm that culture is an important mechanism that helps explain why historical shocks can have persistent impacts; these are reviewed here. As an example, I discuss the colonial origins hypothesis (Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson, 2001), and show that our understanding of the transplantation of European legal and political institutions during the colonial period remains incomplete unless the values and beliefs brought by European settlers are taken into account. It is these cultural beliefs that formed the foundation of the initial institutions that in turn were key for long-term economic development
Domestic institutions as a source of comparative advantage by Nathan Nunn( Book )

5 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Domestic institutions can have profound effects on international trade. This chapter reviews the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of this insight. Particular attention is paid to contracting institutions and to comparative advantage, where the bulk of the research has been concentrated -- National Bureau of Economic Research web site
The determinants of food aid provisions to Africa and the developing world by Nathan Nunn( Book )

7 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We examine the supply-side and demand-side determinants of global bilateral food aid shipments between 1971 and 2008. First, we find that domestic food production in developing countries is negatively correlated with subsequent food aid receipts, suggesting that food aid receipt is partly driven by local food shortages. Interestingly, food aid from some of the largest donors is the least responsive to production shocks in recipient countries. Second, we show that U.S. food aid is partly driven by domestic production surpluses, whereas former colonial ties are an important determinant for European countries. Third, amongst recipients, former colonial ties are especially important for African countries. Finally, aid flows to countries with former colonial ties are less responsive to recipient production, especially for African countries
Domestic institutions, international trade and economic development by Nathan Nunn( Book )

2 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this thesis, I study the relationship between countries' domestic institutions and international trade. Chapters 1 and 2 consider the effect that domestic institutions have on trade. In Chapter 1, I develop a model that illustrates how a country's ability to enforce written contracts can affect comparative advantage. I test the model and find that countries with better contracting environments tend to specialize production in contract-intense goods. In Chapter 2, I analyze how the pervasiveness of rent-seeking behavior in a country is reflected in the country's tariff policy. Chapters 3 to 5 consider the effect that increased openness to trade can have on domestic institutions. The three chapters study the opening of sub-Saharan Africa to trade, which began around 1450 AD. In Chapter 3, I provide a model that explains how extraction during the slave trade and colonial rule resulted in a permanent increase in rent-seeking behavior and a permanent decrease in the security of private property, both of which have helped foster Africa's current underdevelopment. In Chapter 4, I turn to the data and test for a link between the number of slaves exported from each country in Africa and subsequent institutional and economic development. I find that countries that exported large numbers of slaves during the slave trades are poorer today and exhibit slower rates of economic growth. The available evidence suggests that the importance of the slave trade for contemporary development is a result of its detrimental impact on the formation of domestic institutions, such as the security of private property, the quality of the judicial system, and the overall rule of law. In Chapter 5, I describe how I construct my estimates of the number of slaves taken from each country in Africa
Understanding Ethnic Identity in Africa Evidence from the Implicit Association Test : IAT by Sara Lowes( Book )

5 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We use a variant of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to examine individuals' implicit attitudes towards various ethnic groups. Using a population from the Democratic Republic of Congo, we find that the IAT measures show evidence of an implicit bias in favor of one's own ethnicity. Individuals have implicit views of their own ethnic group that are more positive than their implicit views of other ethnic groups. We find this implicit bias to be quantitatively smaller than the (explicit) bias one finds when using self-reported attitudes about different ethnic groups
The economics of fair trade by Raluca E Dragusanu( Book )

5 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fair Trade is a labeling initiative aimed at improving the lives of the poor in developing countries by offering better terms to producers and helping them to organize. In this survey, we provide a critical overview of the economic theory behind Fair Trade, describing the potential benefits and potential pitfalls. We also provide an assessment of the empirical evidence of the impacts of Fair Trade to date
Bride price and female education by Nava Ashraf( Book )

4 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Traditional cultural practices can play an important role in development, but can also inspire condemnation. The custom of bride price, prevalent throughout sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia as a payment by the groom to the family of the bride, is one example. In this paper, we show a perhaps surprising economic consequence of this practice. We revisit one of the best-studied historical development projects, the INPRES school construction program in Indonesia, and show that previously found small effects on female enrollment mask heterogeneity by bride price tradition. Ethnic groups that traditionally engage in bride price payments at marriage increased female enrollment in response to the program. Within these ethnic groups, higher female education at marriage is associated with a higher bride price payment received, providing a greater incentive for parents to invest in girls' education and take advantage of the increased supply of schools. However, we see no increase in education following school construction for girls from ethnicities without a bride price tradition. We replicate these findings in Zambia, where we exploit a similar school expansion program that took place in the early 2000s. While there may be significant downsides to a bride price tradition, our results suggest that any change to this cultural custom should likely be considered alongside additional policies to promote female education
The evolution of culture and institutions evidence from the Kuba kingdom by Sara Lowes( Book )

3 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We use variation in historical state centralization to examine the impact of institutions on cultural norms. The Kuba Kingdom, established in Central Africa in the early 17th century by King Shyaam, had more developed state institutions than the other independent villages and chieftaincies in the region. It had an unwritten constitution, separation of political powers, a judicial system with courts and juries, a police force and military, taxation, and significant public goods provision. Comparing individuals from the Kuba Kingdom to those from just outside the Kingdom, we find that centralized formal institutions are associated with weaker norms of rule-following and a greater propensity to cheat for material gain
Winter is Coming : The Long-Run Effects of Climate Change on Conflict, 1400-1900 by Murat Iyigun( )

3 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We investigate the long-run effects of cooling on conflict. We construct a geo-referenced and digitized database of conflicts in Europe, North Africa, and the Near East from 1400-1900, which we merge with historical temperature data. We show that cooling is associated with increased conflict. When we allow the effects of cooling over a fifty-year period to depend on the extent of cooling during the preceding period, the effect of cooling on conflict is larger in locations that experienced earlier cooling. We interpret this as evidence that the adverse effects of climate change intensify with its duration
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English (160)

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