WorldCat Identities

ARCTIC INST OF NORTH AMERICA ARLINGTON VA

Overview
Works: 43 works in 44 publications in 1 language and 47 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Bibliography 
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by ARCTIC INST OF NORTH AMERICA ARLINGTON VA
Proceedings of the Arctic Basin Symposium, October 1962( Book )

1 edition published in 1963 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Contents: The Sea Floor and Below; Hydrosphere; Ice; The Atmosphere and Above
Engineering Properties of Subsea Permafrost in the Prudhoe Bay Region of the Beaufort Sea by Edwin J Chamberlain( Book )

1 edition published in 1977 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent investigations support earlier indications that permafrost is very extensive under the Beaufort Sea. During the spring of 1976, a drilling program was conducted along a transect from 1 to 17 km offshore of Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to obtain data on the vertical and horizontal distribution and the engineering and chemical properties of subsea permafrost. Core samples were obtained for laboratory determinations of index, strength, and compressibility properties as well as for sediment chemistry. In addition, in-situ measurements of penetration resistance and temperature were obtained. Supporting geological, thermal, dating, and fossil studies were undertaken by the U.S. Geological Survey to aid in interpreting the geologic history of this region
Arctic Bibliography. Volume 16 by Arctic Institute of North America( Book )

2 editions published between 1971 and 1975 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The present volume of Arctic Bibliography summarizes and indexes 7123 publications making a total of 108723 books and papers abstracted since the beginning of the project. Most of the papers were published in 1968-71. Mineral exploration and development continued to be the most widespread and intensive interest in the North. Transportation was represented in the literature on air, and surface travel and freighting, and pipelines. Formation and growth of ice, its strength, impact on harbor installations, power stations, etc., were described. Health service, hospital facilities, and acclimatization problems continued to make up a significant part of the literature. The book is the final volume in this series in this format
Birds and mammals of the Pitmegea River region, Cape Sabine, northwestern Alaska by Henry E Childs( Book )

1 edition published in 1969 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The results of four summers study from 1957 to 1960 on the interrelationships and distribution of the vertebrate fauna along the Pitmegea River at Cape Sabine in northwestern Alaska are presented. The geologic background, climate, soils, vegetational types and land utilization are discussed. Five major plant communities are described and used to analyze the distribution of birds and mammals. These communities are Barrens, Upland Meadows, Wet Meadows, Marshes and Shrub Types. Ninety species of birds were recorded of which 55 species nested within the Pitmegea drainage. Twenty-three species of mammals were reported. Evidence of reproductivity activity, local abundance and distribution and ecological interrelationships are presented. Particular emphasis is placed on microtine rodents and their predators. Evidence for a population irruption in the Tundra Vole in 1959 is reported. (Author)
Further Evidence for Hibernation of Bears( Book )

1 edition published in 1977 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the previous symposia on the Biology of Bears, we presented the argument that three species of bears undergo a form of dormancy which is in several senses more profound than in the typical or classical hibernators, such as woodchucks(Marmota monax) (Folk et al. 1967, 1968, 1972, 1977). In essence, frequently these three species of bears (grizzly, black, polar) are independent of food and water, and do not defecate or urinate for three to five months, and probably as long as seven months in northern Alaska. These observations have been confirmed by Nelson et al. (1973) and Craighead, J.J. et al. (1974). Bears do not drop their body temperature in hibernation to the same extent as observed in small hibernators, such as woodchucks. This would be a biological disadvantage to bears because it would take them several days to warm up spontaneously at a time of emergency. However, Craighead et al. (1974) has shown a drop from the usual core temperature of 37 deg C to 31.8 deg C; Rausch (1961) found a drop to 33.0 deg C. There is other physiological depression, however: all three species of bears slowly alter their cardiovascular function over a period of approximately one month in the fall; their summer sleeping heart rate ranges from 40 to 50 bpm; yet in the state of dormancy in extreme winter weather, they frequently have a heart beat as low as 8 to 10 bpm
The Role of Adrenergic Receptors in Norepinephrine Stimulated VO2 in Muscle( Book )

1 edition published in 1977 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The purpose of this study was to characterize the norepinephrine (NE) calorigenic response of an isolated perfused rat muscle preparation into alpha and/or beta adrenergic components. The alpha agonist, phenylephrine, was as effective as NE in eliciting an increase in oxygen consumption by the muscle. Isoproterenol had no effect on the VO2 of the preparation. Phentolamine (.40 nM/g.min) an alpha blocker completely blocked the NE stimulated VO2. Propranol (.40 nM/g.min) in a sufficient dose, was also found to block the NE induced VO2 but this drug was found to be less potent. It was concluded that the NE induced calorigenic response of muscle cannot be classified either strictly as an alpha or beta response, but unlike brown adipose tissue, the alpha response seems to predominate in skeletal muscle. (Author)
Physiological Adaptations of Mammals of the Arctic Shore( Book )

1 edition published in 1978 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Contents: Effects of cold exposure on urinary catecholamines in arctic lemmings; Thermogenesis of specific organs in cold acclimated rodents; Induction of summer hibernation by serum from arctic mammals; Spontaneous and induced summer hibernation in 13-lined ground squirrels by marmot and hamster serum; Further evidence for hibernation in bears; The role of adrenoceptors in norephinephrine stimulated VO2 in muscle; Ketamine-HCl anesthesia for the brown lemming; A comparison of body temperatures of least weasels and wolverines; The pineal and photoperiodism in arctic species; Cold acclimatization and the pineal gland of lemmings; Effects of photoperiod, cold acclimation and melatonin; Budget, and Explanation of Budget Items
Ketamine-HCl Anesthesia for the Brown Lemming (Lemmus trimucronatus)( Book )

1 edition published in 1977 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The effects of Ketamine-HCl anesthesia in the brown lemming (Lemmus Trimucronatus) can be divided into four or five stages. Females were more sensitive to this anesthetic than males. Females received 105 mg/kg, males, 120 mg/kg. The drug appeared to be very satisfactory as an anesthetic base for lemmings during major operations, but only in combination with slight amounts of diethyl-ether (M's 120mg/kg; F's 105mg/kg). It could be administered several times to the same animal at intervals of one day. The time required to arrive at a surgical plane of anesthesia played an important prognostical role. Effects of the anesthetic, resuscitation when necessary, and post-surgical animal care are described. (Author)
Concepts for data collection in the Arctic : final technical report by Joseph A Hatchwell( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This report identifies, describes, analyzes, and evaluates new concepts for collecting and processing data and information gathered above, on, and under sea ice and contiguous land areas of the Arctic Basin, including manned and unmanned systems of varying sizes with both short-term and long-term operations. (Author)
Recommendations for an Arctic Research Program in Support of the Design of a Surface-Effect Vehicle System( Book )

1 edition published in 1970 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Report is given on a workshop conducted to assist the Advanced Research Projects Agency in formulating an arctic program to support the development of a large suface-effect vehicle system. The objectives were to determine what data are needed for the design of an SEV capable of arctic operation; to suggest how ARPA should proceed to collect the needed data; and to identify broader but related arctic programs. (Author)
Nest insulation : energy savings to brown lemmings using a winter nest by Timothy M Casey( Book )

1 edition published in 1978 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Energy metabolism of brown lemmings in summer pelage with and without real or artificial nest material was measured over long periods at several air temperatures. Resting metabolism of lemmings at Ta = -16 C was higher than that of lemmings which had nests. At higher Ta the difference between resting metabolism of animals with and without nests decreased and was similar at Ta = 20 C. The energy savings by reduction of heat loss of resting lemmings translates into a ca. 50% decrease in the average metabolic rate. The energy saved at rest is equivalent to a reduction in thermal conductance of roughly 40%. Independent estimates of energy savings due to nest insulation by analysis of cooling curves of a lemming model with and without a nest suggest a 45% change in thermal conductance. Baby lemmings huddled in a nest had equilibrium body temperatures four to five times higher than isolated nestlings outside the nest. These data suggest that there is a substantial energy savings at ecologically relevant air temperatures. If the insulative value of the nest is similar whether the animal is in summer or winter pelage, these data suggest that lemmings could exhibit thermoneutral levels of resting metabolism while in large nests at subnivian air temperatures typical of Barrow, Alaska during the winter
Arctic logistics support technology : proceedings of a symposium held at Hershey, Pennsylvania, November 1-4, 1971 by Arctic Logistics Support Technology( )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The report documents the proceedings of a symposium on arctic logistics support technology held at Hershey, Pennsylvania on November 1-4, 1971. Thirty-one papers were read at the symposium, and all are included in this report. The papers fall into three broad subject areas: transportation, life support, and activity support (for special needs of field investigators). Although the papers focus on particular ARPA needs, the information they contain should prove helpful to other groups and individuals either engaged in, or planning for, research in arctic regions
Proceedings of the U.S. Naval Arctic Research Laboratory Dedication Symposium, Fairbanks, Alaska, 9-12 April 1969 by U.S. Naval Arctic Research Laboratory Dedication Symposium( )

1 edition published in 1969 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Contents: The story of the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory; The atmospheric circulation and arctic meteorology; Sea ice and heat budget; Polar ionospheric research; Physical oceanography in the Arctic Ocean: 1968; Arctic geophysics; Paleoecology and sedimentation in part of the arctic basin; Arctic hydroacoustics; Marine biology; Geology, especially geomorphology, of northern Alaska; Heat flow in the Arctic; Arctic engineering for the seventies: a philosophy; Physiological research in northern Alaska; Progress of research in zoology through the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory; Ecological studies on the Alaskan arctic slope; Arctic plants, ecosystems and strategies; and The growth of the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory
ARCTIC BIBLIOGRAPHY. VOLUME 14 by Arctic Institute of North America( Book )

1 edition published in 1969 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The bibliography presents English abstracts and a cross index of 8, 563 books and papers, mostly published between 1964 and 1965, in all languages dealing with all aspects of the Arctic and Subarctic. (Author)
The Pineal and Photoperiodism in Artic Species( Book )

1 edition published in 1977 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This chapter will describe the seasonal cycles of day-light and temperature in polar regions, will outline the reproductive cycles of arctic birds and mammals, and will review what is known about pineal physiology of these species. (Author)
A Comparison of Body Temperatures of Least Weasels and Wolverines( Book )

1 edition published in 1976 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The wide range in size of species within the weasel family (from 35g to 18kg) makes a comparison of their body temperatures especially interesting. Also, weasels are excitable, rapid-moving and unusually alert; for this reason they could have a daily average body temperature which is higher than more sluggish species of mammals. In this paper we report the body temperatures at four times of the day, of 16 least weasels and four wolverines. The animal material consisted of: 16 least weasels, Mustela rixosa eskimo (Stone), maintained at least two months in captivity, captured at Point Barrow in summer, mean weight 46g. They were fed ad libidum on live or dead mice. After two months, they could no longer be maintained in the colony at the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory. As a contribution to the ongoing research programs of three universities, the 16 weasels were sacrificed at four times of the day with the following distribution of materials: blood to H. Ferguson, organs to R. Andrews, T sub b measurements by E. Folk
Subsea Permafrost Research Techniques( Book )

1 edition published in 1976 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Information on subsea permafrost is beginning to reach a critical focus as a result of the proposed industrial development. Subsea permafrost information is urgently needed in support of decisions to be made on national defense and security, national energy needs, and environmental considerations. It is very important to remember the indigenous population of northern Alaska. In order to develop their economic independence, the natives will be building breakwaters, winter harbors, piers, etc. in the near future. Information supplied by the subsea permafrost investigations is required by the decision-makers and design engineers for these projects
ARCTIC RESEARCH( Book )

1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The study deals broadly with the U.S. national interest in arctic research, as well as with the potential interest of the U.S. Navy in such research. This interest is examined from three distinct points of view--military, economic, and climatic stability. The military and economic interests are based on the geographic position of the Arctic at the center of the populated industrial power structure of the Northern Hemisphere, while the climatic stability interest lies in the prospective consequences of the vanishing of the Arctic Ocean pack-ice cover. Any change in the delicate balance that maintains the ice cover on the Arctic Ocean would have far-reaching and profound climatic effects in other parts of the world. Recommendations are made as to the types of observations and research necessary to satisfy requirements for more and deeper knowledge of the arctic environment and of its interaction with that of lower latitudes. Increased international cooperation in arctic research, particularly between the United States and Canada is urged, and a description of the Canadian Polar Continental Shelf Project is included as an appendix. A recommendation is made that the interested agencies determine the nature and the level of effort necessary to assure that the United States and Canada, in the arctic region, shall not be confronted with situations where far-reaching decisions must be made without adequate background knowledge. (Author)
Optical studies of particle bombardment in polar cap absorption events by Brian P Sandford( Book )

1 edition published in 1963 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The intensities of the polar-glow auroral emissions produced by bombarding protons during a polar cap absorption event are calculated. The observations tend to support Parker's blast model for the propagation of solar flare particles through interplanetary space. The origin of the great auroral displays observed during the large magnetic storms is briefly reviewed
The Effects of Water Bodies on Air Temperature and Humidity during the Period Preceding their Freezing or Opening (Vliyanie Vodoemov na Temperaturu i Vlazhnost Vozdukha nad Mimi Pered Zamerzaniem i Ochishcheniem)( )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The characteristics of the effect of a body of water on the temperature and humidity of the air over it obtained in the report may be used for the calculation and forecasting of these factors over bodies of water during investigations and calculations of heat exchange, evaporation, water temperature, etc
 
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English (21)