WorldCat Identities


Works: 77 works in 78 publications in 1 language and 80 library holdings
Classifications: QP772.A8,
Publication Timeline
Bibliography of u.s. army medical research and nutrition laboratory reports and reprints for 1964( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Indirect calorimetry by new techniques. a description and evaluation( Book )

1 edition published in 1954 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Calcium in sweat and its possible relation to calcium requirements( Book )

2 editions published in 1962 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Identification and Quantitation of the Microbiological Flora of the Food Packet, Long Range Patrol under Simulated Field Conditions( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The microbiological flora of the Food Packet, Long Range Patrol ration was re-examined after storage in three different environmental conditions simulating actual storage conditions. The predominating organisms isolated and identified from the rations were aerobic spore-formers, coagulase-negative micrococci, fecal streptococci in low numbers, yeasts, and molds. Suggestions, based on original and re-examination data, were made to reduce the maximum allowable microbiological limits of the Purchase Description under which the rations are purchased and that additional testing be conducted at time of PURCHASE FOR THE PRESENCE OF PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS. Recommend: 1. that written notification be applied to the packet indicating consumption within two hours of rehydration; and 2. that improved methods of detecting coagulase-positive staphylococci be investigated. (Author)
Laboratory Technique for Producing Microfilariae of 'Dirofilaria immitis' in Mosquitoes( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The basic technique which makes controlled experiments with infective microfilariae (Dirofilaria immitis) possible is the experimental production of third-stage filariae. The technique described is one which has been used by the 406th Medical Laboratory for many years; its development has been the work of many investigators from the Department of Entomology and the Department of Veterinary Medicine. (Author)
The excretion of lipid and lipid substances in human sweat( Book )

1 edition published in 1963 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the losses of lipid substances in sweat, under conditions of profuse sweating, were of significance. Under the conditions of this study at high environmental temperatures, the total excretion of lipid substances in sweat was low and would not seem to be of consequence in studies of lipid metabolism. During a 7 1/2 hour exposure period at high temperatures, the total lipid excretion in sweat ranged between 25 and 46 mg. As one would expect, since the total lipid excretion in sweat was low, the excretion of cholesterol, free and total, and lipid phosphorus were also low. (Author)
Environmental temperature and energy expenditure( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study indicates that as the environmental temperature increases there is also an increase in metabolic rate of men performing a fixed activity. There was a significantly higher metabolic rate for men working at 100 F than at 85 and 70 F. Body temperatures also were significantly higher at 100 F than t 85 and 70 F environments. These data again suggest that there is an increase in energy requirements for men living and working in the heat. (Author)

1 edition published in 1970 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In order to study gastrointestinal disease it is necessary to define the normal metabolic processes of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Biopsies of the jejunal mucosal epithelium were performed on normal healthy male volunteers, obese patients undergoing starvation for weight reduction, and certain patients with chronic gastrointestinal disease. Controlled diets were given to volunteers and patients and the effect of these diets on various jejunal enzyme activities was measured. The normal response of jejunal enzyme activities to dietary substances and the responses of these same enzymes in the patients were determined. The study of the effect of dietary substances on normal jejunal enzyme responses has led to the uncovering of several regulatory mechanisms for jejunal enzymes. This in turn has led to the elucidation of a number of puzzling clinical gastrointestinal conditions. The regulation of jejunal enzyme activities by dietary substances is a normal physiological process and when this process fails to occur clinical disease develops. (Author)
Cardiopulmonary responses of resting man during early exposure to high altitude( Book )

1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Sixteen young male subjects were exposed to simulated altitudes of 2,000, 11,000 and 15,000 ft in a hypobaric chamber and measured at sitting rest after 10, 20, 30 and 40 hours of exposure. Of those measurements made, only Pa O2 changed significantly with time of exposure. Cardiac output rose from 71 at 2,000 ft to 84 and 123 ml/min/kg at 11,000 and 15,000 ft, respectively. This was due to a significant increases in heart rate at both higher elevations with no alteration in stroke volume. Mean arterial blood pressure was unaltered and, therefore, peripheral resistance fell concomitant with the rise in cardiac output. Mean Pa O2 for the three altitudes was 94, 63 and 44 mm Hg; and for % Sa O2: 99 92 and 79. Largest changes in Pa CO2 and pH were observed between 2,000 and 11,000 ft and much less between 11,000 and 15,000 ft. Changes in cardiac output appeared best related to alterations in arterial O2 content or saturation rather than tension, suggesting a peripheral rather than a central origin for the stimulus of the cardiovascular response to high altitude. Most observed circulatory responses appear to follow an exponential relationship with altitude. (Author)
Replacement of Superior Vena Cava with Autogenous Tissue( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Autogenous pericardium and vein were used to replace a maximally resected superior vena cava (average length, 5.5 cm.) in the mongrel dog. Simple replacement failed because of thrombus formation at the suture lines. Limited success was obtained with pericardium complemented with an arteriovenous fistula placed 1 cm. cephalad to the cephalad suture line. An autogenous vein graft with a similar complementary fistula was successful in 15 consecutive preparations. These animals, followed for one year, showed normal function with nearly perfect anatomical restoration without anticoagulant therapy. The fistula maintained graft patency probably because turbulence prevented thrombus retention while neointima formed. The fistulas had closed spontaneously in 6 dogs at one year; the remainder were nearly closed. (Author)
Changes in Body Composition of Soldiers during Paratrooper Training( Book )

1 edition published in 1955 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The body composition of twelve soldiers was studied before and after a strenuous three-week paratrooper training course. Mean body weight decreased by 0.6 kg. Total body water increased by 1.55 liters on the average. Extracellular fluid showed no significant change. As calculated from these hydrometric measurements, cell mass increased significantly and body fat decreased significantly. The thickness of the skinfolds decreased significantly at most of the sites measured. There was a small but statistically significant increase in body density as determined by underwater weighing. Oxygen consumption showed a small increase commensurate with the increase in cell mass. It is concluded that over a period as short as three weeks it was possible to detect significant changes in body composition of men undergoring strenuous physical training even though the subjects were in a good state of physical training initially. (Autor)
Body composition of a military population ft. carson 1963. i. body density, fat, and potassium 40( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Body volumes were measured on 97 soldiers between the ages of 17 - 52 years by water displacement volumetry and corrected for respiratory gas by a nitrogen washout technique. Total body potassium 40 was measured by a NaI crystal low level gamma radiation counter. The subjects were grouped into 5 year age increments and compositional changes were noted to occur in per cent body fat and quantity of body potassium present. Body density decreased with age reflecting an increase in body fat. Total body potassium decreased with age. Both parameters varied independent of body weight and appear age dependent. Eight additional obese subjects were found to have the lowest body density and total body potassium values (gm K/kg body weight). Effective ranking of body fat burden of populations was demonstrated by body volumetry and age differences were noted from potassium 40 counting. A correlation coefficient of r = 0.731 was demonstrated between body density and body potassium (gm K/kg body weight). (Author)
A Semiautomated Technique for the Determination of Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) in Serum or Plasma Samples by W. C Goad( Book )

1 edition published in 1973 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In nutrition surveys and field studies, large numbers of plasma or serum samples are collected which require measurements for vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Under such conditions, it is seldom possible to perform immediate sample analysis. A method for the determination of serum (plasma) ascorbic acid has been adapted from previously published procedures to meet the needs of such nutrition surveys. The method involves a sample stability preparation on location in the field with the colorimetric quantitation being performed at a later more convenient date employing automated techniques. An evaluation of the procedure indicates that the serum extracts prepared in the field are sufficiently stable (approximately 3%) loss at two weeks), while frozen unstabilized serum (plasma) is completely unsatisfactory. The method is reproducible and sensitive and requires only 0.2 ml or less of a serum (plasma) sample. With proper handling of the samples, the system will rapidly and accurately accommodate large numbers of survey samples requiring vitamin C analysis. (Author)
Adaptive changes in enzyme activity and metabolic pathways in adipose tissue from meal-fed rats( Book )

1 edition published in 1965 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A number of metabolic factors and the activity of a number of enzymes were determined in meal-fed (animals fed a single daily 2 hr meal) and nibbling (ad libitum-fed) rats. The dependency of the observed adaptive changes on the ingestion of carbohydrate was studied by feeding diets high in carbohydrate or fat. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADP-malic dehydrogenase were more active in adipose tissue from high carbohydrate meal-fed rats than in tissue from ad libitum-fed rats. The activity in adipose tissue of isocitric dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, and NAD-malic dehydrogenase did not increase significantly in response to mealfeeding the high carbohydrate diet. No increase in lipogenesis or enzyme activity could be demonstrated in adipose tissue from rats meal-fed a high fat diet. Lipase activity of adipose tissue was increased by high carbohydrate meal-feeding and decreased by feeding a high fat diet. The in vitro uptake of palmitate-1-(14)C more rapidly than did tissue from ad libitum-fed animals. Evidence is presented for the quantitative importance of citrate as a source of extramitochondrial acetyl CoA in adipose tissue of meal-eating and ad libitum-fed rats. The relationship of extramitochondrially formed citrate to the NADmalic dehydrogenase-malic enzyme system in adipose tissue is discussed. (Author)
Fatty acid composition of plasma and liver lipid components as influenced by dietary protein and cholesterol in growing chicks( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Feeding low protein diets to growing chicks results in elevated plasma cholesterol and glyceride levels, but does not alter the plasma lipid phosphorus levels in the absence of dietary cholesterol. Dietary cholesterol elevated all plasma lipid components regardless of dietary protein level; however, the increases were greater in the low protein fed groups. Dietary cholesterol also significantly increased liver lipid levels, more so in the high protein fed animals. The fatty acid composition of plasma and liver cholesterol esters, glycerides and phospholipids was altered by the dietary treatments employed. Although similar changes were noted in all fractions, the phospholipid and glyceride fractions appeared to be refractive to fatty acid changes as compared to the cholesterol esters. Elevations in plasma cholesterol attributable to either low protein or cholesterol feeding were accompanied by decreased linoleic and arachidonic and increased oleic acid levels. The possible relationship of these alterations to atherosclerosis and abnormal lipid metabolism is discussed. (Author)
Nutrition Survey of Two Consecutive Training Cycles of the Airborne Training BN, CO. 'G', Fort Benning, Georgia, October-November 1953( Book )

1 edition published in 1955 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The primary purpose of this survey was to determine (a) the total food consumption from all sources by these trainees, (b) the nutrient composition and the nutritional adequacy of the ration, (c) the nutritional status of the troops and (d) the energy balance of the troops. The study also included a comparison of the various methods of computing food consumption and food losses
Annual research progress report, 1 july 1965-30 june 1966( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Studies of performance physiology, molecular biochemistry, lipid nutrition and metabolism, mineral metabolism and carbohydrates were conducted during the period and findings in each field are reported. Experimental surgery, histopathology and clinical pathology of lab animals, nutritional and metabolic adaptations, amino acids and proteins, carbohydrates, body composition and muscle metabolism were studied utilizing humans, dogs and small laboratory animals using various techniques. Research was conducted under the following work units during the past year: Symbiosis and intestinal flora in nutrition; protein chemistry; microbial metabolism; tissue transplantation; regulation of thyroid function and cardiovascular research. Biomedical studies include tuberculosis research, computer classification of pulmonary disability, wound healing, effects of INH on murine pulmonary histology, intravenous fat emulsion, nutritional studies of populations, radiated foods, micronutrients and nutritional physiology
Summary of significant findings by sgo irradiated food contractors( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A summary of radiation effects on rats and dogs after the consumption of irradiated foods is presented
Correlation of Plasma Volume and Body Weight in Dogs( Book )

1 edition published in 1973 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Plasma volumes were determined in 74 experiments on 35 dogs using a T-1824 dye procedure. These values were correlated with body weights in order to examine the relationship and ascertain the reliability of estimating plasma volume from body weight. Further clarification of the relationship was achieved by a comparison with 290 additional plasma volume measurements obtained from the literature. Statistical analyses indicated that the overall data provided the most reliable formula for predicting plasma volume from body weight, but the estimated value contained a potential deviation of plus or minus 244 ml. from the actual value. This variability was not explained by differences in experimental techniques nor measurement error but appeared to be characteristic of the plasma volume/body weight relationship. The total data expressed as plasma volume/kg. body weight approached a normal distribution and indicated that the 'normal range' for plasma volumes in dogs was 34.3 ml./kg. to 69.4 ml./kg. with a mean of 51.8 ml./kg. (Author)
A Sequential Ultrastructural Study of the Effects of an Intravenous Lipid Emulsion( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Rabbits received 20cc/kg of intravenous lipid emulsion and were terminated from 2 hours to 8 weeks post-injection. Pigment became prominent at 6 days and was still present in liver and spleen at 8 weeks. Lipid was incorporated into macrophages in spleens at 2 hours by endocytosis. By 6 days this lipid was surrounded by pigment. The pigment was morphologically identical to secondary lysosomes. These results suggest that this lipid emulsion once incorporated into lysosomes of liver and spleen is stored there. (Author)
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English (21)