WorldCat Identities


Works: 77 works in 78 publications in 1 language and 80 library holdings
Publication Timeline
Indirect calorimetry by new techniques. a description and evaluation( Book )

1 edition published in 1954 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Calcium in sweat and its possible relation to calcium requirements( Book )

2 editions published in 1962 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bibliography of u.s. army medical research and nutrition laboratory reports and reprints for 1964( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Adaptive changes in enzyme activity and metabolic pathways in adipose tissue from meal-fed rats( Book )

1 edition published in 1965 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A number of metabolic factors and the activity of a number of enzymes were determined in meal-fed (animals fed a single daily 2 hr meal) and nibbling (ad libitum-fed) rats. The dependency of the observed adaptive changes on the ingestion of carbohydrate was studied by feeding diets high in carbohydrate or fat. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADP-malic dehydrogenase were more active in adipose tissue from high carbohydrate meal-fed rats than in tissue from ad libitum-fed rats. The activity in adipose tissue of isocitric dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, and NAD-malic dehydrogenase did not increase significantly in response to mealfeeding the high carbohydrate diet. No increase in lipogenesis or enzyme activity could be demonstrated in adipose tissue from rats meal-fed a high fat diet. Lipase activity of adipose tissue was increased by high carbohydrate meal-feeding and decreased by feeding a high fat diet. The in vitro uptake of palmitate-1-(14)C more rapidly than did tissue from ad libitum-fed animals. Evidence is presented for the quantitative importance of citrate as a source of extramitochondrial acetyl CoA in adipose tissue of meal-eating and ad libitum-fed rats. The relationship of extramitochondrially formed citrate to the NADmalic dehydrogenase-malic enzyme system in adipose tissue is discussed. (Author)
The excretion of lipid and lipid substances in human sweat( Book )

1 edition published in 1963 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the losses of lipid substances in sweat, under conditions of profuse sweating, were of significance. Under the conditions of this study at high environmental temperatures, the total excretion of lipid substances in sweat was low and would not seem to be of consequence in studies of lipid metabolism. During a 7 1/2 hour exposure period at high temperatures, the total lipid excretion in sweat ranged between 25 and 46 mg. As one would expect, since the total lipid excretion in sweat was low, the excretion of cholesterol, free and total, and lipid phosphorus were also low. (Author)
Identification and Quantitation of the Microbiological Flora of the Food Packet, Long Range Patrol under Simulated Field Conditions( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The microbiological flora of the Food Packet, Long Range Patrol ration was re-examined after storage in three different environmental conditions simulating actual storage conditions. The predominating organisms isolated and identified from the rations were aerobic spore-formers, coagulase-negative micrococci, fecal streptococci in low numbers, yeasts, and molds. Suggestions, based on original and re-examination data, were made to reduce the maximum allowable microbiological limits of the Purchase Description under which the rations are purchased and that additional testing be conducted at time of PURCHASE FOR THE PRESENCE OF PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS. Recommend: 1. that written notification be applied to the packet indicating consumption within two hours of rehydration; and 2. that improved methods of detecting coagulase-positive staphylococci be investigated. (Author)
Summary of significant findings by sgo irradiated food contractors( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A summary of radiation effects on rats and dogs after the consumption of irradiated foods is presented
Species Comparison of Cardiac Hypertrophy in Animals Chronically Exposed to High Altitude( Book )

1 edition published in 1971 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Heart size and possible causative factors were compared in the dog, rat and rabbit after five months' exposure to sea level, 5,380, 11,140 and 14,110 feet. From 5,380 to 14,110 feet, the ratio of right ventricle to body weight (RV/BW) increased in the rat by 50%, the rabbit by 59% and the dog by 6%. From sea level to 14,110 feet, the ratio of right ventricle to total ventricle (RV/T) increased progressively -- in the rat by 38%, the rabbit by 39% and the dog by 6%. At sea level the dog has a relatively larger right ventricle than either the rat or rabbit, with an RV/T ratio of .26 vs .21 and .22. Similarly, the dog has a RV/BW (g/kg) ratio of 1.66 vs .64 and .35, for the rat and rabbit respectively. Comparing sea level to 14,110 ft., packed cell volume (PCV) increased 16%, 30% and 36% respectively in the dog, rat and rabbit. Mean pulmonary artery pressure increased by 81% in the dog and 87% in the rabbit. These results suggest that hypoxic cardiac hypertrophy is not a simple function of increased PCV and pulmonary artery pressure since these latter changes occurred in all species while hypertrophy did not. The relative size of the heart and its possible reserve potential appear to be important factors. Electron microscopic examination of the myocardium showed markedly enlarged, vesicular pale mitochondria in all three species. The mitochondrial cristae were reduced in number and irregularly arranged. Many of the capillaries had edematous endothelium. The significance of these ultrastructural changes is now known. (Author)

1 edition published in 1970 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In order to study gastrointestinal disease it is necessary to define the normal metabolic processes of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Biopsies of the jejunal mucosal epithelium were performed on normal healthy male volunteers, obese patients undergoing starvation for weight reduction, and certain patients with chronic gastrointestinal disease. Controlled diets were given to volunteers and patients and the effect of these diets on various jejunal enzyme activities was measured. The normal response of jejunal enzyme activities to dietary substances and the responses of these same enzymes in the patients were determined. The study of the effect of dietary substances on normal jejunal enzyme responses has led to the uncovering of several regulatory mechanisms for jejunal enzymes. This in turn has led to the elucidation of a number of puzzling clinical gastrointestinal conditions. The regulation of jejunal enzyme activities by dietary substances is a normal physiological process and when this process fails to occur clinical disease develops. (Author)
Laboratory Technique for Producing Microfilariae of 'Dirofilaria immitis' in Mosquitoes( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The basic technique which makes controlled experiments with infective microfilariae (Dirofilaria immitis) possible is the experimental production of third-stage filariae. The technique described is one which has been used by the 406th Medical Laboratory for many years; its development has been the work of many investigators from the Department of Entomology and the Department of Veterinary Medicine. (Author)
Cardiopulmonary responses of resting man during early exposure to high altitude( Book )

1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Sixteen young male subjects were exposed to simulated altitudes of 2,000, 11,000 and 15,000 ft in a hypobaric chamber and measured at sitting rest after 10, 20, 30 and 40 hours of exposure. Of those measurements made, only Pa O2 changed significantly with time of exposure. Cardiac output rose from 71 at 2,000 ft to 84 and 123 ml/min/kg at 11,000 and 15,000 ft, respectively. This was due to a significant increases in heart rate at both higher elevations with no alteration in stroke volume. Mean arterial blood pressure was unaltered and, therefore, peripheral resistance fell concomitant with the rise in cardiac output. Mean Pa O2 for the three altitudes was 94, 63 and 44 mm Hg; and for % Sa O2: 99 92 and 79. Largest changes in Pa CO2 and pH were observed between 2,000 and 11,000 ft and much less between 11,000 and 15,000 ft. Changes in cardiac output appeared best related to alterations in arterial O2 content or saturation rather than tension, suggesting a peripheral rather than a central origin for the stimulus of the cardiovascular response to high altitude. Most observed circulatory responses appear to follow an exponential relationship with altitude. (Author)
Report of Analyses of 1972 Microbiological Data Collection Program by James L Fowler( Book )

1 edition published in 1973 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A large volume of valuable food microbiological data is generated annually by Department of Defense laboratory facilities. These data have great potential applications in military public health and as a research tool in food hygiene. A Centralized Computerized Microbiological Data Collection Program was designed and implemented by the Food Hygiene and Computer Division, U.S. Army Medical Research and Nutrition Laboratory. During the calendar year 1972, there were 11 DoD laboratories which participated in the program. Microbiological food testing data from these laboratories were transmitted to USAMRNL, where it was coded and entered into a computer file. At the end of the year, data were retrieved by selected codes. The result of analyses of this file is presented in the form of graphs and tables. (Author)
Annual progress rept. for 1 july 61-30 june 62 on internal medicine and basic research in life sciences( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Nutrition Survey of Two Consecutive Training Cycles of the Airborne Training BN, CO. 'G', Fort Benning, Georgia, October-November 1953( Book )

1 edition published in 1955 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The primary purpose of this survey was to determine (a) the total food consumption from all sources by these trainees, (b) the nutrient composition and the nutritional adequacy of the ration, (c) the nutritional status of the troops and (d) the energy balance of the troops. The study also included a comparison of the various methods of computing food consumption and food losses
Metabolic aspects of acute starvation body composition changes by Harry J Krzywicki( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Body composition changes were observed in six healthy, adult males 21 to 52 years of age, while fasting for 10 days. Fluid was available ad libitum. The mean loss in body weight (7.30 kg) was densitometrically partitioned into a 3.6 kg loss of fat and a 3.7 kg loss in the fat free body mass, which included a loss of 0.86 kg of dry protein. The USAMRNL fat predicting nomogram described fat losses adequately; however, urinary potassium and creatinine excretion, or potassium-40 counting, exceeded densitometric estimates of the dry protein compartment by 13% and 22%, respectively. The triceps and acapula skinfolds demonstrated the greatest decrease (24.1 and 21.6%) while extremity girths decreased from 9.8% to 3.2% with the circumferences of the waist and buttocks diminishing by 5.8%. Blood, plasma, and red blood cell volumes were significantly lowered during the fast in accordance with the severe hypohydration that was exhibited. No sequelae were noted during and after 40 days of rehabilitation when body weight was virtually restored to control levels. Use of D2O as a tracer to demonstrate total body water appeared to be inapplicable during the starvation phase of the study. (Author)
Microflora of Prepared Salads and Specialty Items Procured for Use by DOD Installations by James L Fowler( Book )

1 edition published in 1973 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Twenty-three prepared salads were obtained from military installations in selected geographic areas of the United States. These were examined microbiologically on arrival at USAMRNL and weekly thereafter for five weeks. Emphasis was placed on the detection and enumeration of food-borne pathogens. The few pathogens initially detected rapidly died off; however, yeasts and molds, as well as other microorganisms reflected by the Standard Plate Count, proliferated to extremely high levels in shrimp, macaroni, carrot and rasin and egg salads. Sixty-four salads and specialty items were surveyed for compliance with Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) microbiological limits. Standard Plate Count violations occurred in 15.6% of the samples, coliform violations in 21.8% of the samples, and yeast and mold violations in 45.3% of the samples. On a combined basis, 56.3% of the samples failed to comply with AAFES microbiological limits. (Modified author abstract)
Fatty acid composition of plasma and liver lipid components as influenced by dietary protein and cholesterol in growing chicks( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Feeding low protein diets to growing chicks results in elevated plasma cholesterol and glyceride levels, but does not alter the plasma lipid phosphorus levels in the absence of dietary cholesterol. Dietary cholesterol elevated all plasma lipid components regardless of dietary protein level; however, the increases were greater in the low protein fed groups. Dietary cholesterol also significantly increased liver lipid levels, more so in the high protein fed animals. The fatty acid composition of plasma and liver cholesterol esters, glycerides and phospholipids was altered by the dietary treatments employed. Although similar changes were noted in all fractions, the phospholipid and glyceride fractions appeared to be refractive to fatty acid changes as compared to the cholesterol esters. Elevations in plasma cholesterol attributable to either low protein or cholesterol feeding were accompanied by decreased linoleic and arachidonic and increased oleic acid levels. The possible relationship of these alterations to atherosclerosis and abnormal lipid metabolism is discussed. (Author)
Replacement of Superior Vena Cava with Autogenous Tissue( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Autogenous pericardium and vein were used to replace a maximally resected superior vena cava (average length, 5.5 cm.) in the mongrel dog. Simple replacement failed because of thrombus formation at the suture lines. Limited success was obtained with pericardium complemented with an arteriovenous fistula placed 1 cm. cephalad to the cephalad suture line. An autogenous vein graft with a similar complementary fistula was successful in 15 consecutive preparations. These animals, followed for one year, showed normal function with nearly perfect anatomical restoration without anticoagulant therapy. The fistula maintained graft patency probably because turbulence prevented thrombus retention while neointima formed. The fistulas had closed spontaneously in 6 dogs at one year; the remainder were nearly closed. (Author)
Body composition of a military population ft. carson 1963. i. body density, fat, and potassium 40( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Body volumes were measured on 97 soldiers between the ages of 17 - 52 years by water displacement volumetry and corrected for respiratory gas by a nitrogen washout technique. Total body potassium 40 was measured by a NaI crystal low level gamma radiation counter. The subjects were grouped into 5 year age increments and compositional changes were noted to occur in per cent body fat and quantity of body potassium present. Body density decreased with age reflecting an increase in body fat. Total body potassium decreased with age. Both parameters varied independent of body weight and appear age dependent. Eight additional obese subjects were found to have the lowest body density and total body potassium values (gm K/kg body weight). Effective ranking of body fat burden of populations was demonstrated by body volumetry and age differences were noted from potassium 40 counting. A correlation coefficient of r = 0.731 was demonstrated between body density and body potassium (gm K/kg body weight). (Author)
Environmental temperature and energy expenditure( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study indicates that as the environmental temperature increases there is also an increase in metabolic rate of men performing a fixed activity. There was a significantly higher metabolic rate for men working at 100 F than at 85 and 70 F. Body temperatures also were significantly higher at 100 F than t 85 and 70 F environments. These data again suggest that there is an increase in energy requirements for men living and working in the heat. (Author)
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English (21)