WorldCat Identities


Works: 77 works in 78 publications in 1 language and 80 library holdings
Classifications: QP82.2.A4,
Publication Timeline
Bibliography of u.s. army medical research and nutrition laboratory reports and reprints for 1964( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Calcium in sweat and its possible relation to calcium requirements( Book )

2 editions published in 1962 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Indirect calorimetry by new techniques. a description and evaluation( Book )

1 edition published in 1954 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Laboratory Technique for Producing Microfilariae of 'Dirofilaria immitis' in Mosquitoes( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The basic technique which makes controlled experiments with infective microfilariae (Dirofilaria immitis) possible is the experimental production of third-stage filariae. The technique described is one which has been used by the 406th Medical Laboratory for many years; its development has been the work of many investigators from the Department of Entomology and the Department of Veterinary Medicine. (Author)
Metabolic aspects of acute starvation body composition changes by Harry J Krzywicki( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Body composition changes were observed in six healthy, adult males 21 to 52 years of age, while fasting for 10 days. Fluid was available ad libitum. The mean loss in body weight (7.30 kg) was densitometrically partitioned into a 3.6 kg loss of fat and a 3.7 kg loss in the fat free body mass, which included a loss of 0.86 kg of dry protein. The USAMRNL fat predicting nomogram described fat losses adequately; however, urinary potassium and creatinine excretion, or potassium-40 counting, exceeded densitometric estimates of the dry protein compartment by 13% and 22%, respectively. The triceps and acapula skinfolds demonstrated the greatest decrease (24.1 and 21.6%) while extremity girths decreased from 9.8% to 3.2% with the circumferences of the waist and buttocks diminishing by 5.8%. Blood, plasma, and red blood cell volumes were significantly lowered during the fast in accordance with the severe hypohydration that was exhibited. No sequelae were noted during and after 40 days of rehabilitation when body weight was virtually restored to control levels. Use of D2O as a tracer to demonstrate total body water appeared to be inapplicable during the starvation phase of the study. (Author)
The influence of cholesterol on the determination of serum glycerides( Book )

1 edition published in 1961 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The development of a direct method for the determination of serum glycerides has increased the accuracy of this determination. However, the influence of interfering substances has received little attention. Since a lipid extract is employed, the only interfering substances would be lipid in nature, i.e., cholesterol and fatty acids. Cholesterol has been shown to interfere with the color development in the direct procedure. A chloroform extraction has been introduced in the procedure which removes cholesterol and fatty acids, thereby preventing any interference from these compounds. (Author)
Body composition of a military population ft. carson 1963. i. body density, fat, and potassium 40( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Body volumes were measured on 97 soldiers between the ages of 17 - 52 years by water displacement volumetry and corrected for respiratory gas by a nitrogen washout technique. Total body potassium 40 was measured by a NaI crystal low level gamma radiation counter. The subjects were grouped into 5 year age increments and compositional changes were noted to occur in per cent body fat and quantity of body potassium present. Body density decreased with age reflecting an increase in body fat. Total body potassium decreased with age. Both parameters varied independent of body weight and appear age dependent. Eight additional obese subjects were found to have the lowest body density and total body potassium values (gm K/kg body weight). Effective ranking of body fat burden of populations was demonstrated by body volumetry and age differences were noted from potassium 40 counting. A correlation coefficient of r = 0.731 was demonstrated between body density and body potassium (gm K/kg body weight). (Author)
The excretion of lipid and lipid substances in human sweat( Book )

1 edition published in 1963 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the losses of lipid substances in sweat, under conditions of profuse sweating, were of significance. Under the conditions of this study at high environmental temperatures, the total excretion of lipid substances in sweat was low and would not seem to be of consequence in studies of lipid metabolism. During a 7 1/2 hour exposure period at high temperatures, the total lipid excretion in sweat ranged between 25 and 46 mg. As one would expect, since the total lipid excretion in sweat was low, the excretion of cholesterol, free and total, and lipid phosphorus were also low. (Author)
Changes in Body Composition of Soldiers during Paratrooper Training( Book )

1 edition published in 1955 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The body composition of twelve soldiers was studied before and after a strenuous three-week paratrooper training course. Mean body weight decreased by 0.6 kg. Total body water increased by 1.55 liters on the average. Extracellular fluid showed no significant change. As calculated from these hydrometric measurements, cell mass increased significantly and body fat decreased significantly. The thickness of the skinfolds decreased significantly at most of the sites measured. There was a small but statistically significant increase in body density as determined by underwater weighing. Oxygen consumption showed a small increase commensurate with the increase in cell mass. It is concluded that over a period as short as three weeks it was possible to detect significant changes in body composition of men undergoring strenuous physical training even though the subjects were in a good state of physical training initially. (Autor)
Fatty acid composition of plasma and liver lipid components as influenced by dietary protein and cholesterol in growing chicks( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Feeding low protein diets to growing chicks results in elevated plasma cholesterol and glyceride levels, but does not alter the plasma lipid phosphorus levels in the absence of dietary cholesterol. Dietary cholesterol elevated all plasma lipid components regardless of dietary protein level; however, the increases were greater in the low protein fed groups. Dietary cholesterol also significantly increased liver lipid levels, more so in the high protein fed animals. The fatty acid composition of plasma and liver cholesterol esters, glycerides and phospholipids was altered by the dietary treatments employed. Although similar changes were noted in all fractions, the phospholipid and glyceride fractions appeared to be refractive to fatty acid changes as compared to the cholesterol esters. Elevations in plasma cholesterol attributable to either low protein or cholesterol feeding were accompanied by decreased linoleic and arachidonic and increased oleic acid levels. The possible relationship of these alterations to atherosclerosis and abnormal lipid metabolism is discussed. (Author)
Effects of altitude on the Cebus apella monkey by U.S. Army Medical Research and Nutrition Laboratory( Book )

1 edition published in 1971 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Previous studies have shown that abrupt translocation to high altitudes caused a cerebral edema in some humans. In this investigation Cebus apella monkeys were studied at sea level and 14,100 feet altitude to determine what extent cerebral spinal fluid dynamics, cerebral blood flow, and pathological changes of the brain and myocardium play in the pathogenesis of the symptoms of 'acute mountain sickness.' Subhuman primates rapidly transported to 14,110 feet showed increased cerebral blood flow and increased cerebral spinal fluid pressure during the first five days of exposure to high altitude. Significant increases in the right ventricular/total heart weight ratios occurred after 5 days. After 3 months this ratio increased approximately 15% over sea level control values. This change was greater than that found in dogs but less than that in rats or rabbits after prolonged exposure. A mild perivascular cerebral edema occurred in some monkeys at 14,110 feet from 1 to 5 days. Monkey cardiac muscles showed edematous capillary endothelial cells after acute exposure to altitude, while prolonged exposure also caused swollen mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticula with separation of myofibrils. (Author)
Summary of significant findings by sgo irradiated food contractors( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A summary of radiation effects on rats and dogs after the consumption of irradiated foods is presented
Nutrition Survey of Two Consecutive Training Cycles of the Airborne Training BN, CO. 'G', Fort Benning, Georgia, October-November 1953( Book )

1 edition published in 1955 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The primary purpose of this survey was to determine (a) the total food consumption from all sources by these trainees, (b) the nutrient composition and the nutritional adequacy of the ration, (c) the nutritional status of the troops and (d) the energy balance of the troops. The study also included a comparison of the various methods of computing food consumption and food losses
Replacement of Superior Vena Cava with Autogenous Tissue( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Autogenous pericardium and vein were used to replace a maximally resected superior vena cava (average length, 5.5 cm.) in the mongrel dog. Simple replacement failed because of thrombus formation at the suture lines. Limited success was obtained with pericardium complemented with an arteriovenous fistula placed 1 cm. cephalad to the cephalad suture line. An autogenous vein graft with a similar complementary fistula was successful in 15 consecutive preparations. These animals, followed for one year, showed normal function with nearly perfect anatomical restoration without anticoagulant therapy. The fistula maintained graft patency probably because turbulence prevented thrombus retention while neointima formed. The fistulas had closed spontaneously in 6 dogs at one year; the remainder were nearly closed. (Author)
Indirect hemagglutination test for mycoplasma pneumoniae employing a commercially available antigen and adapted to the microtiter technic( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Two Mycoplasma pneumoniae antigens were compared employing an indirect hemagglutination method modified to a microtiter technic. Sonic treatment of the antigen immediately prior to sensitizing erythrocytes is an important step in the procedure. The IHA test must be performed on a larger number of sera in order to evaluate its usefulness. Other commercial sources of antigen for sensitizing erythrocytes should be investigated. (Author)
Environmental temperature and energy expenditure( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study indicates that as the environmental temperature increases there is also an increase in metabolic rate of men performing a fixed activity. There was a significantly higher metabolic rate for men working at 100 F than at 85 and 70 F. Body temperatures also were significantly higher at 100 F than t 85 and 70 F environments. These data again suggest that there is an increase in energy requirements for men living and working in the heat. (Author)

1 edition published in 1970 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In order to study gastrointestinal disease it is necessary to define the normal metabolic processes of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Biopsies of the jejunal mucosal epithelium were performed on normal healthy male volunteers, obese patients undergoing starvation for weight reduction, and certain patients with chronic gastrointestinal disease. Controlled diets were given to volunteers and patients and the effect of these diets on various jejunal enzyme activities was measured. The normal response of jejunal enzyme activities to dietary substances and the responses of these same enzymes in the patients were determined. The study of the effect of dietary substances on normal jejunal enzyme responses has led to the uncovering of several regulatory mechanisms for jejunal enzymes. This in turn has led to the elucidation of a number of puzzling clinical gastrointestinal conditions. The regulation of jejunal enzyme activities by dietary substances is a normal physiological process and when this process fails to occur clinical disease develops. (Author)
Identification and Quantitation of the Microbiological Flora of the Food Packet, Long Range Patrol under Simulated Field Conditions( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The microbiological flora of the Food Packet, Long Range Patrol ration was re-examined after storage in three different environmental conditions simulating actual storage conditions. The predominating organisms isolated and identified from the rations were aerobic spore-formers, coagulase-negative micrococci, fecal streptococci in low numbers, yeasts, and molds. Suggestions, based on original and re-examination data, were made to reduce the maximum allowable microbiological limits of the Purchase Description under which the rations are purchased and that additional testing be conducted at time of PURCHASE FOR THE PRESENCE OF PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS. Recommend: 1. that written notification be applied to the packet indicating consumption within two hours of rehydration; and 2. that improved methods of detecting coagulase-positive staphylococci be investigated. (Author)
The caloric requirements of men performing moderate physical activities at 3475 meters( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Two groups of young volunteers, one from a sea level area and the other from an elevation of 1610 meters were studied at an elevation of 3475 meters for periods of 24 and 20 days, respectively. The data suggest that after the first week of exposure, there is no increase or decrease in the energy requirements of men living at altitudes of 3475 meters and performing moderate physical activities. The question as to the best nutrient composition of the diet at this altitude was investigated, and it is suggested that the composition and distribution of the food calories consumed are a matter of food habit and preparation. Preliminary information on blood changes reveals that there may be some voluntary dehydration during the first week of high altitude exposure. Information was evaluated on the individual food preferences and acceptability of the US Army ration used in this study. (Author)
Cardiopulmonary responses of resting man during early exposure to high altitude( Book )

1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Sixteen young male subjects were exposed to simulated altitudes of 2,000, 11,000 and 15,000 ft in a hypobaric chamber and measured at sitting rest after 10, 20, 30 and 40 hours of exposure. Of those measurements made, only Pa O2 changed significantly with time of exposure. Cardiac output rose from 71 at 2,000 ft to 84 and 123 ml/min/kg at 11,000 and 15,000 ft, respectively. This was due to a significant increases in heart rate at both higher elevations with no alteration in stroke volume. Mean arterial blood pressure was unaltered and, therefore, peripheral resistance fell concomitant with the rise in cardiac output. Mean Pa O2 for the three altitudes was 94, 63 and 44 mm Hg; and for % Sa O2: 99 92 and 79. Largest changes in Pa CO2 and pH were observed between 2,000 and 11,000 ft and much less between 11,000 and 15,000 ft. Changes in cardiac output appeared best related to alterations in arterial O2 content or saturation rather than tension, suggesting a peripheral rather than a central origin for the stimulus of the cardiovascular response to high altitude. Most observed circulatory responses appear to follow an exponential relationship with altitude. (Author)
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English (21)