WorldCat Identities


Works: 77 works in 78 publications in 1 language and 80 library holdings
Publication Timeline
Calcium in sweat and its possible relation to calcium requirements( Book )

2 editions published in 1962 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bibliography of u.s. army medical research and nutrition laboratory reports and reprints for 1964( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Indirect calorimetry by new techniques. a description and evaluation( Book )

1 edition published in 1954 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Replacement of Superior Vena Cava with Autogenous Tissue( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Autogenous pericardium and vein were used to replace a maximally resected superior vena cava (average length, 5.5 cm.) in the mongrel dog. Simple replacement failed because of thrombus formation at the suture lines. Limited success was obtained with pericardium complemented with an arteriovenous fistula placed 1 cm. cephalad to the cephalad suture line. An autogenous vein graft with a similar complementary fistula was successful in 15 consecutive preparations. These animals, followed for one year, showed normal function with nearly perfect anatomical restoration without anticoagulant therapy. The fistula maintained graft patency probably because turbulence prevented thrombus retention while neointima formed. The fistulas had closed spontaneously in 6 dogs at one year; the remainder were nearly closed. (Author)
Changes in Body Composition of Soldiers during Paratrooper Training( Book )

1 edition published in 1955 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The body composition of twelve soldiers was studied before and after a strenuous three-week paratrooper training course. Mean body weight decreased by 0.6 kg. Total body water increased by 1.55 liters on the average. Extracellular fluid showed no significant change. As calculated from these hydrometric measurements, cell mass increased significantly and body fat decreased significantly. The thickness of the skinfolds decreased significantly at most of the sites measured. There was a small but statistically significant increase in body density as determined by underwater weighing. Oxygen consumption showed a small increase commensurate with the increase in cell mass. It is concluded that over a period as short as three weeks it was possible to detect significant changes in body composition of men undergoring strenuous physical training even though the subjects were in a good state of physical training initially. (Autor)
Excretion of thiamine and its metabolites in the urine of young adult males receiving restricted intakes of the vitamin( Book )

1 edition published in 1964 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Eight young men consuming a 2800-kcal diet consisting of 80 g protein, 100 g fat and 400 g carbohydrate and providing 0.11 to 0.18 mg thiamine/day, developed clinical symptoms of thiamine deficiency in 9 to 27 days. Thiamine excreted in the urine decreased to less than 50 micrograms/day at the sixth day to the undetectable levels by the eighteenth day of depletion. Low-level repletion (0.54 to 0.61 micrograms/day) for 12 days failed to produce detectable levels of thiamine in the urine. Red blood cell transketolase activity declined with progressive thiamine deficiency and returned to normal levels with low-level repletion. The excretion of the pyrimidine and thiazole moieties of thiamine as metabolites of the vitamin appeared to increase above the levels found with the use of a diet with sufficient thiamine (about 2 mg/day), and was reduced to control levels following low-level repletion. The pyrimidine moiety in the deficient individual appears to be further catabolized. There appears to be a body store of thiamine which is utilized during a period of deficient intake. Serum cholesterol, nonesterified fatty acids, blood phospholipids, creatinine and hematocrit did not change appreciably during thiamine deficiency. The biochemical pattern for thiamine deficiency in human adults is described. (Author)
The excretion of lipid and lipid substances in human sweat( Book )

1 edition published in 1963 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the losses of lipid substances in sweat, under conditions of profuse sweating, were of significance. Under the conditions of this study at high environmental temperatures, the total excretion of lipid substances in sweat was low and would not seem to be of consequence in studies of lipid metabolism. During a 7 1/2 hour exposure period at high temperatures, the total lipid excretion in sweat ranged between 25 and 46 mg. As one would expect, since the total lipid excretion in sweat was low, the excretion of cholesterol, free and total, and lipid phosphorus were also low. (Author)
Environmental temperature and energy expenditure( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study indicates that as the environmental temperature increases there is also an increase in metabolic rate of men performing a fixed activity. There was a significantly higher metabolic rate for men working at 100 F than at 85 and 70 F. Body temperatures also were significantly higher at 100 F than t 85 and 70 F environments. These data again suggest that there is an increase in energy requirements for men living and working in the heat. (Author)
Simple technique for the projection of stained tissue sections( Book )

1 edition published in 1963 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A simple technique was developed for the classroom projection of stained tissue sections. The report describes the techniques used in the preparation of the projection slides. (Author)

1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A study was conducted to determine the incidence of specific etiologic agents associated with upper respiratory disease and pneumoniae. Data was acquired from a series of surveys employing bacteriologic and serologic techniques. Results of these surveys indicate that antibodies to Mycoplasma pneumoniae can pass the placental barrier and are detectable at low levels in the serum of the newborn. Surveys for the incidence of Mycoplasma species show a rate of 86% from normal individuals, 46.6% from adults with chronic respiratory disease, and 12% positives from children with chronic respiratory disease. Approximately 3% of the normal individuals sampled over a seven-month period were positive for the important species, Mycoplasma pneumoniae. (Author)
Adaptive changes in enzyme activity and metabolic pathways in adipose tissue from meal-fed rats( Book )

1 edition published in 1965 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A number of metabolic factors and the activity of a number of enzymes were determined in meal-fed (animals fed a single daily 2 hr meal) and nibbling (ad libitum-fed) rats. The dependency of the observed adaptive changes on the ingestion of carbohydrate was studied by feeding diets high in carbohydrate or fat. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADP-malic dehydrogenase were more active in adipose tissue from high carbohydrate meal-fed rats than in tissue from ad libitum-fed rats. The activity in adipose tissue of isocitric dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, and NAD-malic dehydrogenase did not increase significantly in response to mealfeeding the high carbohydrate diet. No increase in lipogenesis or enzyme activity could be demonstrated in adipose tissue from rats meal-fed a high fat diet. Lipase activity of adipose tissue was increased by high carbohydrate meal-feeding and decreased by feeding a high fat diet. The in vitro uptake of palmitate-1-(14)C more rapidly than did tissue from ad libitum-fed animals. Evidence is presented for the quantitative importance of citrate as a source of extramitochondrial acetyl CoA in adipose tissue of meal-eating and ad libitum-fed rats. The relationship of extramitochondrially formed citrate to the NADmalic dehydrogenase-malic enzyme system in adipose tissue is discussed. (Author)
Fatty acid composition of plasma and liver lipid components as influenced by dietary protein and cholesterol in growing chicks( Book )

1 edition published in 1962 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Feeding low protein diets to growing chicks results in elevated plasma cholesterol and glyceride levels, but does not alter the plasma lipid phosphorus levels in the absence of dietary cholesterol. Dietary cholesterol elevated all plasma lipid components regardless of dietary protein level; however, the increases were greater in the low protein fed groups. Dietary cholesterol also significantly increased liver lipid levels, more so in the high protein fed animals. The fatty acid composition of plasma and liver cholesterol esters, glycerides and phospholipids was altered by the dietary treatments employed. Although similar changes were noted in all fractions, the phospholipid and glyceride fractions appeared to be refractive to fatty acid changes as compared to the cholesterol esters. Elevations in plasma cholesterol attributable to either low protein or cholesterol feeding were accompanied by decreased linoleic and arachidonic and increased oleic acid levels. The possible relationship of these alterations to atherosclerosis and abnormal lipid metabolism is discussed. (Author)
Body composition of a military population ft. carson 1963. i. body density, fat, and potassium 40( Book )

1 edition published in 1966 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Body volumes were measured on 97 soldiers between the ages of 17 - 52 years by water displacement volumetry and corrected for respiratory gas by a nitrogen washout technique. Total body potassium 40 was measured by a NaI crystal low level gamma radiation counter. The subjects were grouped into 5 year age increments and compositional changes were noted to occur in per cent body fat and quantity of body potassium present. Body density decreased with age reflecting an increase in body fat. Total body potassium decreased with age. Both parameters varied independent of body weight and appear age dependent. Eight additional obese subjects were found to have the lowest body density and total body potassium values (gm K/kg body weight). Effective ranking of body fat burden of populations was demonstrated by body volumetry and age differences were noted from potassium 40 counting. A correlation coefficient of r = 0.731 was demonstrated between body density and body potassium (gm K/kg body weight). (Author)
Influence of mineral supplementation on serum lipids in normal and thyroidectimized rabbits( Book )

1 edition published in 1968 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

New Zealand rabbits were used to study the effects of mineral supplementation on serum cholesterol, total fatty acids and lipid phosphorus in fasting normal and thyroidectomized animals. (Author)
Nutrition Survey of Two Consecutive Training Cycles of the Airborne Training BN, CO. 'G', Fort Benning, Georgia, October-November 1953( Book )

1 edition published in 1955 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The primary purpose of this survey was to determine (a) the total food consumption from all sources by these trainees, (b) the nutrient composition and the nutritional adequacy of the ration, (c) the nutritional status of the troops and (d) the energy balance of the troops. The study also included a comparison of the various methods of computing food consumption and food losses
A Semiautomated Technique for the Determination of Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) in Serum or Plasma Samples by W. C Goad( Book )

1 edition published in 1973 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In nutrition surveys and field studies, large numbers of plasma or serum samples are collected which require measurements for vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Under such conditions, it is seldom possible to perform immediate sample analysis. A method for the determination of serum (plasma) ascorbic acid has been adapted from previously published procedures to meet the needs of such nutrition surveys. The method involves a sample stability preparation on location in the field with the colorimetric quantitation being performed at a later more convenient date employing automated techniques. An evaluation of the procedure indicates that the serum extracts prepared in the field are sufficiently stable (approximately 3%) loss at two weeks), while frozen unstabilized serum (plasma) is completely unsatisfactory. The method is reproducible and sensitive and requires only 0.2 ml or less of a serum (plasma) sample. With proper handling of the samples, the system will rapidly and accurately accommodate large numbers of survey samples requiring vitamin C analysis. (Author)

1 edition published in 1970 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In order to study gastrointestinal disease it is necessary to define the normal metabolic processes of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Biopsies of the jejunal mucosal epithelium were performed on normal healthy male volunteers, obese patients undergoing starvation for weight reduction, and certain patients with chronic gastrointestinal disease. Controlled diets were given to volunteers and patients and the effect of these diets on various jejunal enzyme activities was measured. The normal response of jejunal enzyme activities to dietary substances and the responses of these same enzymes in the patients were determined. The study of the effect of dietary substances on normal jejunal enzyme responses has led to the uncovering of several regulatory mechanisms for jejunal enzymes. This in turn has led to the elucidation of a number of puzzling clinical gastrointestinal conditions. The regulation of jejunal enzyme activities by dietary substances is a normal physiological process and when this process fails to occur clinical disease develops. (Author)
Microflora of Prepared Salads and Specialty Items Procured for Use by DOD Installations by James L Fowler( Book )

1 edition published in 1973 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Twenty-three prepared salads were obtained from military installations in selected geographic areas of the United States. These were examined microbiologically on arrival at USAMRNL and weekly thereafter for five weeks. Emphasis was placed on the detection and enumeration of food-borne pathogens. The few pathogens initially detected rapidly died off; however, yeasts and molds, as well as other microorganisms reflected by the Standard Plate Count, proliferated to extremely high levels in shrimp, macaroni, carrot and rasin and egg salads. Sixty-four salads and specialty items were surveyed for compliance with Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) microbiological limits. Standard Plate Count violations occurred in 15.6% of the samples, coliform violations in 21.8% of the samples, and yeast and mold violations in 45.3% of the samples. On a combined basis, 56.3% of the samples failed to comply with AAFES microbiological limits. (Modified author abstract)
Cardiopulmonary responses of resting man during early exposure to high altitude( Book )

1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Sixteen young male subjects were exposed to simulated altitudes of 2,000, 11,000 and 15,000 ft in a hypobaric chamber and measured at sitting rest after 10, 20, 30 and 40 hours of exposure. Of those measurements made, only Pa O2 changed significantly with time of exposure. Cardiac output rose from 71 at 2,000 ft to 84 and 123 ml/min/kg at 11,000 and 15,000 ft, respectively. This was due to a significant increases in heart rate at both higher elevations with no alteration in stroke volume. Mean arterial blood pressure was unaltered and, therefore, peripheral resistance fell concomitant with the rise in cardiac output. Mean Pa O2 for the three altitudes was 94, 63 and 44 mm Hg; and for % Sa O2: 99 92 and 79. Largest changes in Pa CO2 and pH were observed between 2,000 and 11,000 ft and much less between 11,000 and 15,000 ft. Changes in cardiac output appeared best related to alterations in arterial O2 content or saturation rather than tension, suggesting a peripheral rather than a central origin for the stimulus of the cardiovascular response to high altitude. Most observed circulatory responses appear to follow an exponential relationship with altitude. (Author)
Laboratory Technique for Producing Microfilariae of 'Dirofilaria immitis' in Mosquitoes( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The basic technique which makes controlled experiments with infective microfilariae (Dirofilaria immitis) possible is the experimental production of third-stage filariae. The technique described is one which has been used by the 406th Medical Laboratory for many years; its development has been the work of many investigators from the Department of Entomology and the Department of Veterinary Medicine. (Author)
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English (21)