WorldCat Identities

Charles Rainsford Collection of Alchemical and Occult Manuscripts (University of Pennsylvania)

Overview
Works: 45 works in 99 publications in 4 languages and 99 library holdings
Genres: Manuscripts  Prescriptions, formulae, receipts, etc 
Classifications: QD25, 133
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Charles Rainsford Collection of Alchemical and Occult Manuscripts (University of Pennsylvania)
[Alchemical compendium]( )

10 editions published in 1797 in 4 languages and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Instructions for alchemical processes such as transmutation, sublimation, and multiplication, with practical applications such as curing diseases (p. 15), embalming bodies (p. 31), and neutralizing viper venom and poisonous black hellebore (p. 34). Includes an alphabetical index (p. 631-642)
Chymical Processes of the Duke of Buckingham by George Villiers Buckingham( Book )

in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alchemical compendium that primarily discusses metals and minerals and includes instructions for chemical experiments and processes such as the transmutation of metals or making small pearls larger (p. 241) as well as practical applications such as remedies for the pox (p. 96)
An essay upon the history of Sabeism by Jean-Nicolas-Étienne Bock( Book )

3 editions published in 1796 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Essay that focuses on the history and religion of the Sabaeans and the Druzes, with discussion of many other world religions and cultures such as those in India, Scandinavia, and Egypt
[Collection of works on spirits and their sigils]( )

in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Collection of works primarily focused on spirits and their sigils that includes numerous tables, drawings, and diagrams of magical symbols and their properties. Also includes additional sections on making rings of invisibility (f. 40r) and for uncovering thefts (f. 44r)
[Notes on cabala]( Book )

2 editions published in 1783 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Notes on cabala collected by Charles Rainsford and copied into a commonplace book containing 10 introductory pages of printed material including a title page, introduction, and template for an alphabetical index, partially filled in by Rainsford. Sections include how to predict a plentiful or scarce season by observing the type of insect on an oak apple (p. 24), notes on the Persian magi (p. 22), the origin of the Evil Principle (p. 94), the Symbols of Pythagoras (p. 127), and writings on the book of Enoch and the seventy-two divine names of angels (p. 162)
Axiomes de medicinne( )

in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Collection of alchemical recipes for medicinal use. Includes introductory sections on the nature of maladies, their causes, and their cures. Also contains five leaves of charts listing ingredients and their properties (f. 8r-13v). Recipes include elixirs for epilepsy or stroke, purgatives, stomachics, remedies for worms, deafness, toothaches, gangrene and a number of powders, oils, syrups, and spirits with detailed information on their creation and application
Secrets relative to arts and trades( Book )

in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Instructional manual with the first section discussing the transmutation of metals such as turning silver into gold (p. 7) and making iron brittle like glass (p. 28) as well as notes on perpetual motion (p. 42) and secret fire (p. 42-43). The second section includes many recipes for different types of varnish including one for tinting windows to prevent the sun from shining through them (p. 49) and one for sealing wax (p. 52). Subsequent sections include recipes for making pigments such as carmine (p. 53) and Prussian blue (p. 54, 69) and for making large pearls from small ones (p. 74). Also includes an alphabetical index (p. ii-xxvi)
Mathematical recreations and tours of cards by Jacques Ozanam( Book )

in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Collection of works that includes a section on mathematical problems and riddles (f. 2r), a short work discussing the Hebrew alphabet (f. 8r-11v), and a translation of a letter written by a monk in Brussels to another member of his order, supposedly in England and dated 29 December 1768 which discusses cabala (f. 13r-35r). Also contains a catalogue of specimens of ores and minerals collected by Rainsford that is written upside down and starting from the opposite end of the manuscript (f. 188r)
Flambeau des vrais rosecroix ou des sages( Book )

2 editions published in 1798 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Collection of alchemical recipes and instructions for the purification, distillation, and transmutation of metals and ores such as gold, silver, cinnabar, lead, antimony, and mercury. Also includes a few recipes for elixirs and oils as well as instructions on how to construct different types of furnaces for alchemical uses, with accompanying illustrations throughout
A mytho Hermetic dictionary( Book )

in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first and third parts of a French mytho-Hermetic dictionary translated into English, most likely by Charles Rainsford, with a preface (V. 1, p. iii-xxi). Also includes a leaf laid into the beginning of v. 1 that is addressed to "General Rainsford, Soho Square", with the remains of a wax seal that has been torn away
Ars artium ... [etc.]( Book )

2 editions published in 1787 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Occult compendium copied and compiled by Charles Rainsford and mainly comprising prayers, lists of divine names for invocations (p. 180-189), and instructions for conjurations taken from works attributed to well-known occultists such as John Dee and Richard Napier. Practical instructions for conjuring spirits include one experiment for summoning the spirit Askariel so that he appears in a crystal or beryl with a garland of yellow flowers upon his head (p. 52). Another section details preparations to be completed before conducting rituals such as securing a secret room with an eastward-facing window that has been consecrated with frankincense, abstaining from the company of women, eating a spare diet, and dressing oneself in clean clothes (p. 39-40). A note by Rainsford on p. i states that it is an exact copy of a manuscript that he borrowed from a bookseller for the price of one guinea and that the original had the name Dr. Dee written on it, presumably a reference to John Dee, the 16th century occultist. The last section contains notes regarding the personal papers of alchemist Richard Napier which were bequeathed to fellow occultist Elias Ashmole and which are now housed at the Bodleian Libraries at Oxford. This section also occasionally makes references to earlier pages in the manuscript (for example, p. 201 refers back to the use of beryls for conjuration on p. 52). Also includes a partial list of contents (p. 190-191)
Curious experiments in natural magick and cabalistic from Albertus Parvus by Albert( Book )

in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Collection of instructions from Le Petit Albert, an 18th-century magical handbook, for conducting alchemical and cabalistic experiments and recipes concerning matters of love (p. 12), health (p. 65), and luck (p. 39) as well as other applications such as preventing dogs from barking at you (p. 48), preventing the effects of wine (p. 51), growing grapes and melons (p. 61), and creating talismans (p. 68). Also includes an alphabetical index (p. 261-266). A bifolium laid into the manuscript includes instructions for several different methods of how to catch plenty of fish and to make pigeons come to your dove house
[Compendium alchimiae] by Johannes( )

in Latin and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alchemical treatise attributed to John of Garland concerning minerals, elixirs, the Smaragdine Tablet, a popular piece of Hermetica that was reputed to contain the secret to the creation of the philosopher's stone, and an alphabetical list of alchemical synonyms. Includes occasional references to works by other authors such as the 16th-century alchemist Isabella Cortese and the Dominican friar Vincent of Beauvais (p. 4) and a list of contents (p. ii)
Chemical characters from several authors( )

in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Copies of lists of chemical nomenclature and symbols including an unidentified text in Latin and followed by lists attributed to the alleged 15th-century alchemist Basilius Valentinus and the 18th-century chemist Hieronymus von Ludolf. Later additions to the manuscript include Antoine Lavoisier's definitive work on the standardization of chemical nomenclature in which he introduces the concept of elements and compounds (1787) and Jean-Henri Hassenfratz and Pierre-Auguste Adet's subsequent publication of standardized symbols corresponding to Lavoisier's new nomenclature (1799). Includes an alphabetical index for p. 1-52 (index, p. 22-34)
Aurea catena Homeri : the golden chain of Homerus, that is, A description of nature and natural things by Anton Joseph Kirchweger( Book )

2 editions published in 1770 in German and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Copy of an alchemical treatise that discusses the creation and decomposition of matter as well as the transmutation of metals and has practical instructions for conducting experiments with fermentation, distillation, and the generation of animals, vegetables, and minerals. Also includes a table of contents (v. 1, f. 7r-9v) and an alphabetical index (v. 2, f. 184r-197v)
[Chemical observations]( Book )

in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Working notebook of alchemical notes, recipes, and processes by Charles Rainsford
A philosophical treatise of a somnambule upon God: man: & nature( Book )

2 editions published in 1794 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Collection of treatises purported to be written in French by a young woman while in a state of somnambulation in the year 1786 and translated into English in Gibraltar in 1794 by a student of magnetism (v. 1, p. 36-37), most likely by Charles Rainsford. Sections include the definition of the Holy Trinity (v. 1, p. 1-36), discussion of mankind and nature (v. 1, p. 37-172), an overview of magnetism (v. 1, p. 173-218) and magnetic sleep (v. 1, p. 219-267; v. 2, p. 1-28), spiritual and natural magnetism and instructions on how to magnetize (v. 2, p. 29-71), a translation of a letter originally printed in French at Stockholm in 1787 that gives an explanation of animal magnetism and somnambulism (v. 2, p. 73-171), and extracts from the works of Emmanuel Swedenborg that explain animal magnetism and somnambulism (v. 2, p. 172-215). Also includes a list of contents for the first volume (v. 1, p. [268]
[Treatise on practical alchemy]( )

2 editions published in 1783 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Treatise on the creation of the philosopher's stone translated from Italian into English by Charles Rainsford (see note, f. i recto). Includes a list of contents (f. 139v-140v)
[Alchemical treatise]( Book )

in Latin and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alchemical treatise concerning the creation of the philosopher's stone (p. 72) and on transmutation of metals such as gold, silver, lead, and mercury. Also includes a table of contents (p.169)
The naturalist's manual( )

in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Encyclopedic work of plants, animals, and minerals translated and with introductions by Charles Rainsford and dedicated to Mr. de Buffon of the French Academy (v. 1, p. i), the 18th-century naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon. The title page of the second volume states that it is translated "from the French edition in small 8vo format of Dxxx Mxxx, Paris 1771" (v. 2, p. i). Includes an alphabetical index at the beginning of each volume. The fourth volume is a copy of the second edition of the printed work and appears to be incomplete, ending with entries starting with the letter D
 
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Languages
English (31)

Latin (8)

French (8)

German (4)