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Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-industrielle (Toulouse)

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Works: 1 works in 1 publications in 1 language and 1 library holdings
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Most widely held works by Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-industrielle (Toulouse)
Conception, modélisation et évaluation environnementale d'un procédé de valorisation de boues organiques en combustibles solides by Mohamed Hédi Romdhana( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Fry-drying is an alternative for heat and mass transfer intensification. The process re-uses waste oil as a heating medium for drying by contact with the wet sludge. The fry-dried product is a granular solid fuel with high heating value. The product is sterile, stored, and transported safely. Experimental procedure and theoretical investigation have to provide basic information for the process design, in terms of energy and environment. A kinetic model of frying is proposed for water loss and oil intake. The model has been fitted to the data obtained by a weighing method on sludge cylinders (4-12 mm diameter) at an oil temperature ranging from 110°C to 140°C. The drying time between 10 and 20 min is effective in a continuous dryer. The global energy balance has enabled the calculation of a convective heat transfer coefficient. The results show that convection is boiling flow dependent. The study suggests a dimensionless correlation involving the normalized boiling flux, thermal oil property, and the sludge size. An estimation of kinetics of thermal destruction of pathogens during vacuum frying (80°C boiling point) was made. The calculations were compared with the current thermal dryer performance. Finally, to evaluate the integration of the process in a sequence of energy recovery by combustion, an experimental study of air emissions was achieved for fixed-bed combustion (850°C). Particularly, the chemical characterization was focused on the 16 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons a group of highly classified carcinogens. The results showed that emissions of fry-dried sludge are approximately 5000 microgramm/gramm thus 10 times higher than those of wood and 10 times smaller than those of oils
 
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French (1)