Royal Signals and Radar Establishment, Malvern (GB)
Overview
Works:  92 works in 97 publications in 1 language and 9 library holdings 

Genres:  Software 
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by
Royal Signals and Radar Establishment, Malvern (GB)
The KnuthBendix completion algorithm and its specification in Z by A Smith(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Proving that something is a consequence of a set of axioms can be very difficult. The KnuthBendix completion algorithm attempts to automate this process when the axioms are equations. The algorithm is bound up in the area of term rewriting, and so this memorandum contains an introduction to the theory of term rewriting, followed by an overview of the algorithm. Finally a formal specification of the algorithm is given using the language Z. Great Britain. (rrh)
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Proving that something is a consequence of a set of axioms can be very difficult. The KnuthBendix completion algorithm attempts to automate this process when the axioms are equations. The algorithm is bound up in the area of term rewriting, and so this memorandum contains an introduction to the theory of term rewriting, followed by an overview of the algorithm. Finally a formal specification of the algorithm is given using the language Z. Great Britain. (rrh)
CO₂ laser frequency doubling using AgGaSe₂ by
E. K Gorton(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
AgGaSe2 samples are examined using a CO2 laser for the frequency doubling application. The results are compared with a coupled wave equation model which includes absorption. Good agreement between the results and the model is obtained. Best energy conversion efficiency obtained under our experimental conditions was 7% with an antireflection coated 2cm long sample
1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
AgGaSe2 samples are examined using a CO2 laser for the frequency doubling application. The results are compared with a coupled wave equation model which includes absorption. Good agreement between the results and the model is obtained. Best energy conversion efficiency obtained under our experimental conditions was 7% with an antireflection coated 2cm long sample
MonteCarlo simulations of gas discharge systems with some applications of SF6 by P Milson(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
A Z specification of the MaCHO interface editor by
A. W Wood(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
This document describes the basic editor part of the user interface for the SMITE secure computer architecture using the mathematical notation known as Z. Operations that are available to the user, and their effects on the screen display, are specified in conjunction with descriptions of the auxiliary functions and data structures necessary to support them. This specification will be used to implement a powerful yet trustworthy interface for the initiation and control of security related transactions. Great Britain (RH)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
This document describes the basic editor part of the user interface for the SMITE secure computer architecture using the mathematical notation known as Z. Operations that are available to the user, and their effects on the screen display, are specified in conjunction with descriptions of the auxiliary functions and data structures necessary to support them. This specification will be used to implement a powerful yet trustworthy interface for the initiation and control of security related transactions. Great Britain (RH)
Tunnelling currents in reverse biased CMT photodiodes by N. T Gordon(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Calculation of the Hplane aperture distribution and far field pattern for a metal plate loaded horn by
A Lettington(
Book
)
2 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
This note describes the results of a mathematical analysis of the aperture distribution of a horn which has been loaded with a conducting plate. The purpose of the plate is to improve the Hplane far field pattern of the horn and hence the angular resolution of a passive millimetre wave imager which uses a horn fed antenna. The calculation is based on the FresnelKirchoff diffraction formula and account is taken of multiple reflections within the horn and from the plate. The resulting Hplane aperture distribution is far from uniform but has a sharp far field pattern. The Eplane distribution remains unchanged by the presence of the plate. Great Britain. (RH)
2 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
This note describes the results of a mathematical analysis of the aperture distribution of a horn which has been loaded with a conducting plate. The purpose of the plate is to improve the Hplane far field pattern of the horn and hence the angular resolution of a passive millimetre wave imager which uses a horn fed antenna. The calculation is based on the FresnelKirchoff diffraction formula and account is taken of multiple reflections within the horn and from the plate. The resulting Hplane aperture distribution is far from uniform but has a sharp far field pattern. The Eplane distribution remains unchanged by the presence of the plate. Great Britain. (RH)
Assessment of the Philips USFA BV 7mm Cooling Engine by D. P Laycock(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Philips Usfa B.V. Stirling cycle splimode cooling engines, sampled from development, preproduction batches, have been extensively tested at RSRE. Measurement of cryogenic performance at normal and high ambient temperatures in runstoprun and continualrun regimes have been made. Representative detector encapsulations have been interfaced to provide typical combination heat loads. One preproduction unit has been installed and operated successfully in a Thermal Imaging Common Module (TICM) Class 2 Scanner. Detector microphonynoise measurements were made and compared with those recorded when the same array was cooled with high pressure pure gas liquified by a Hymatic selfregulating minicooler. Initial problems of contamination of the helium gas and of the thermal interface with the detector encapsulation have been highlighted and addressed by the manufacturers. A production standard unit has achieved over 5,000 hours intermittent and continuous running during a period of 12 months. Great Britain. (RH)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Philips Usfa B.V. Stirling cycle splimode cooling engines, sampled from development, preproduction batches, have been extensively tested at RSRE. Measurement of cryogenic performance at normal and high ambient temperatures in runstoprun and continualrun regimes have been made. Representative detector encapsulations have been interfaced to provide typical combination heat loads. One preproduction unit has been installed and operated successfully in a Thermal Imaging Common Module (TICM) Class 2 Scanner. Detector microphonynoise measurements were made and compared with those recorded when the same array was cooled with high pressure pure gas liquified by a Hymatic selfregulating minicooler. Initial problems of contamination of the helium gas and of the thermal interface with the detector encapsulation have been highlighted and addressed by the manufacturers. A production standard unit has achieved over 5,000 hours intermittent and continuous running during a period of 12 months. Great Britain. (RH)
The integration of structured and formal methods by
G. P Randell(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A growing emphasis is being put on a formal, in the sense of mathematically rigorous, approach to the development of softwarebased systems. However, current formal 'methods' tend to be just notations. This memorandum looks at several structured methods and considers the possibilities each offers for integration with a formal notation to produce a usable formal method combining the best of both formal and structured approaches. Proposals for further work are discussed. Great Britain
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A growing emphasis is being put on a formal, in the sense of mathematically rigorous, approach to the development of softwarebased systems. However, current formal 'methods' tend to be just notations. This memorandum looks at several structured methods and considers the possibilities each offers for integration with a formal notation to produce a usable formal method combining the best of both formal and structured approaches. Proposals for further work are discussed. Great Britain
A theoretical and experimental investigation of linear and nonlinear focussing chirped optical diffraction gratings by
M. F Lewis(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In the past the focussing properties of chirped grating structures have been investigated in various disciplines including optics, acoustooptics and acoustics. In this paper we present the results of a detailed theoretical and experimental study of one such structure, namely the chirped optical diffraction grating, although many of the conclusions are of more general validity. We derive some useful fundamental properties of such focussing gratings, and show that to first order their behaviour is similar to that of various other classical components such as focussing lenses, grating spectrometers, and matched filters for chirped waveforms. However we also describe a fascinating range of secondorder differences in behaviour, for example concerning the physical locations of the multiple foci, and the sidelobe structures within and perpendicular to the focal plane. For devices of large numerical aperture we demonstrate the advantages of using a nonlinear chirp grating structure, e.g. for sidelobe suppression in the focal plane, and point out that surface acoustic wave (SAW) techniques can be used to generate the nonlinear chirp waveforms necessary to implement such gratings in acoustooptic devices. Great Britain. (rh)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In the past the focussing properties of chirped grating structures have been investigated in various disciplines including optics, acoustooptics and acoustics. In this paper we present the results of a detailed theoretical and experimental study of one such structure, namely the chirped optical diffraction grating, although many of the conclusions are of more general validity. We derive some useful fundamental properties of such focussing gratings, and show that to first order their behaviour is similar to that of various other classical components such as focussing lenses, grating spectrometers, and matched filters for chirped waveforms. However we also describe a fascinating range of secondorder differences in behaviour, for example concerning the physical locations of the multiple foci, and the sidelobe structures within and perpendicular to the focal plane. For devices of large numerical aperture we demonstrate the advantages of using a nonlinear chirp grating structure, e.g. for sidelobe suppression in the focal plane, and point out that surface acoustic wave (SAW) techniques can be used to generate the nonlinear chirp waveforms necessary to implement such gratings in acoustooptic devices. Great Britain. (rh)
KeepSake : a database kernel by N. E Peeling(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
KeepSake is a set of disc management procedures that can be used to extend a programming language to provide data persistence. It provides efficient lowlevel read/write procedures and also allows flexibility in partitioning a database for garbage collection and multiuser read/write access. KeepSake does not impose a data schema on the user but can be used to support a number of database types(relational, hierarchical etc.). Great Britain
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
KeepSake is a set of disc management procedures that can be used to extend a programming language to provide data persistence. It provides efficient lowlevel read/write procedures and also allows flexibility in partitioning a database for garbage collection and multiuser read/write access. KeepSake does not impose a data schema on the user but can be used to support a number of database types(relational, hierarchical etc.). Great Britain
On superresolution and the music algorithm by G. D De Villiers(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Simulation results for phased array signal processing using the MUSIC algorithm are presented. The model used is more realistic than previous ones and it gives an indication as to how the algorithm would perform for the case of low signal/noise ratio. Strengths and shortcomings of the method are discussed. (Author)
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Simulation results for phased array signal processing using the MUSIC algorithm are presented. The model used is more realistic than previous ones and it gives an indication as to how the algorithm would perform for the case of low signal/noise ratio. Strengths and shortcomings of the method are discussed. (Author)
PerqFlex firmware by I. F Currie(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report describes the firmware architecture of the Flex computing system as implemented on the ICL Perq. This implementation is very similar to that described in RSRE Report 81009, (Flex Firmware by Currie, Edwards and Foster) generally referred to as the Logica implementation. This is rather a misnomer, since although Logica built the hardware (to an RSRE design) on which it was implemented, Logica had nothing to do with the microcoding or software construction of the Flex architecture. The differences between the Perq and Logica implementation arise mainly from the properties of the underlying hardware. In the Logica Flex, for example, each byte in mainstore was in fact nine bits long rather than eight; the extra bits (the tag bits) were used to distinguish between pointers and nonpointers ie between capabilities and scalar data. On Perq, however, there are no bits to spare like this. In order to distinguish between pointers and nonpointers in Perq, it was necessary to steel a bit from each 32bit word to act as a tag bit. (Great Britain)
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report describes the firmware architecture of the Flex computing system as implemented on the ICL Perq. This implementation is very similar to that described in RSRE Report 81009, (Flex Firmware by Currie, Edwards and Foster) generally referred to as the Logica implementation. This is rather a misnomer, since although Logica built the hardware (to an RSRE design) on which it was implemented, Logica had nothing to do with the microcoding or software construction of the Flex architecture. The differences between the Perq and Logica implementation arise mainly from the properties of the underlying hardware. In the Logica Flex, for example, each byte in mainstore was in fact nine bits long rather than eight; the extra bits (the tag bits) were used to distinguish between pointers and nonpointers ie between capabilities and scalar data. On Perq, however, there are no bits to spare like this. In order to distinguish between pointers and nonpointers in Perq, it was necessary to steel a bit from each 32bit word to act as a tag bit. (Great Britain)
Performance of a rapid carrier acquisition circuit for satellite ground terminal modems by A. J Baynham(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The performance of a Rapid Carrier Acquisition circuit for low data rate satellite communications equipment is described. The results achieved for carrier acquisition at signal to noise ratios of 30 dBHz show that acquisition can be achieved in 300 milliseconds, giving two orders of magnitude improvement over currently implemented equipment. Details of performance with various modulation schemes and operation at signal to noise ratios as low as 25 dBHz are given
1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The performance of a Rapid Carrier Acquisition circuit for low data rate satellite communications equipment is described. The results achieved for carrier acquisition at signal to noise ratios of 30 dBHz show that acquisition can be achieved in 300 milliseconds, giving two orders of magnitude improvement over currently implemented equipment. Details of performance with various modulation schemes and operation at signal to noise ratios as low as 25 dBHz are given
Binary pseudo random phase correlation in radar systems  a new approach by M Dean(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The growing requirement for low probability of intercept characteristics in radar sensors is producing increasing interest in continuous wave (cw) radars. Pure cw radars have no inherent ranging capability, and it is therefore customary to modulate the cw transmission in some way if ranging is required. An increasingly popular modulation scheme is Binary Pseudo Random Phase Coding (BPRPC), whereby the phase of the transmitted signal is switched between O degs. and 180 degs. under the control of a binary pseudo random sequence of length n, variously known as a pseudo random code, maximal sequence or Galois Code. Techniques for achieving the correlation of binary pseudo random phase coded signals in doppler radar sensors are discussed. A new design based on current technology is developed which potentially offers both a low cost and highly integrable solution. Prototype hardware is constructed and tested and its performance compared with other designs. Excellent performance is achievable without the penalties of size and weight which the other designs carry. Australia. (RH)
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The growing requirement for low probability of intercept characteristics in radar sensors is producing increasing interest in continuous wave (cw) radars. Pure cw radars have no inherent ranging capability, and it is therefore customary to modulate the cw transmission in some way if ranging is required. An increasingly popular modulation scheme is Binary Pseudo Random Phase Coding (BPRPC), whereby the phase of the transmitted signal is switched between O degs. and 180 degs. under the control of a binary pseudo random sequence of length n, variously known as a pseudo random code, maximal sequence or Galois Code. Techniques for achieving the correlation of binary pseudo random phase coded signals in doppler radar sensors are discussed. A new design based on current technology is developed which potentially offers both a low cost and highly integrable solution. Prototype hardware is constructed and tested and its performance compared with other designs. Excellent performance is achievable without the penalties of size and weight which the other designs carry. Australia. (RH)
Beamforming preprocessors for high discrimination algorithms by
J. L Mather(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
High discrimination algorithms based on numerical techniques such as eigen analysis are currently being considered for use in future antenna array systems. In addition to being computationally expensive, such algorithms are only able to achieve significantly enhanced withinbeam resolution at high signal to noise ratios. However, if the detected signals are found only within a limited frequency range of region of space, or if the data is oversampled, a preprocessing transform may be applied to the data. This leads to a reduction in the size of the data matrix, enables subsequent processing to be accelerated, and lowers the threshold signal to noise ratio required for withinbeam resolution. In the spatial domain, the preprocessor is a beamformer. A previous memo has shown how this may be designed using singular vectors of the array calibration matrix. In the current document it is demonstrated by Monte Carlo trials that similar results may be obtained using a conventional beamformer. Great Britain
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
High discrimination algorithms based on numerical techniques such as eigen analysis are currently being considered for use in future antenna array systems. In addition to being computationally expensive, such algorithms are only able to achieve significantly enhanced withinbeam resolution at high signal to noise ratios. However, if the detected signals are found only within a limited frequency range of region of space, or if the data is oversampled, a preprocessing transform may be applied to the data. This leads to a reduction in the size of the data matrix, enables subsequent processing to be accelerated, and lowers the threshold signal to noise ratio required for withinbeam resolution. In the spatial domain, the preprocessor is a beamformer. A previous memo has shown how this may be designed using singular vectors of the array calibration matrix. In the current document it is demonstrated by Monte Carlo trials that similar results may be obtained using a conventional beamformer. Great Britain
A hybrid optimisation strategy for adaptive feedforward layered networks by
Augustus D Webb(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This British document considers an optimisation strategy for solving for the weight values of a general adaptive feedforward layered network with linear output units. The weight values of the final layer of the network are determined using linear techniques based on a singular value decomposition of the outputs of the hidden units. The set of weight values governing the transformation of the data prior to this final layer is found using a nonlinear optimisation strategy. This memorandum considers various nonlinear optimisation strategies combined with the linear method and compares the performance of this hybrid approach with previous work which solves for all the weights of the network using nonlinear techniques on a range of problems. (KR)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This British document considers an optimisation strategy for solving for the weight values of a general adaptive feedforward layered network with linear output units. The weight values of the final layer of the network are determined using linear techniques based on a singular value decomposition of the outputs of the hidden units. The set of weight values governing the transformation of the data prior to this final layer is found using a nonlinear optimisation strategy. This memorandum considers various nonlinear optimisation strategies combined with the linear method and compares the performance of this hybrid approach with previous work which solves for all the weights of the network using nonlinear techniques on a range of problems. (KR)
Hardware proofs using LCFLSM and ELLA by W. J Cullyer(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A method is described for writing the formal specifications for a digital system, a high level of design which satisfies this requirement and then a gate level realisation, using the languages LCF LSM and ELLA. Given these formal descriptions, this papers shows how to carry out mathematical proofs to establish that the high level design respects the specification and the gate level design agrees with precisely with the high level design. By this means, a chain of correspondence proof is created from the specification to the ultimate realisation, as required during the development of safety critical and security critical hardware. There methods have been used to develop formal proofs for the VIPER microprocessor and this paper forms an essential tutorial for those studying the validation of this new 32  bit processor. (Great Britain)
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A method is described for writing the formal specifications for a digital system, a high level of design which satisfies this requirement and then a gate level realisation, using the languages LCF LSM and ELLA. Given these formal descriptions, this papers shows how to carry out mathematical proofs to establish that the high level design respects the specification and the gate level design agrees with precisely with the high level design. By this means, a chain of correspondence proof is created from the specification to the ultimate realisation, as required during the development of safety critical and security critical hardware. There methods have been used to develop formal proofs for the VIPER microprocessor and this paper forms an essential tutorial for those studying the validation of this new 32  bit processor. (Great Britain)
Matching ground images to map data on MILDAP by
B. C Merrifield(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Software fault tolerance by L. N Simcox(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The main principles of software fault tolerance are presented and various schemes for achieving it are described, with emphasis being placed on the Nversion programming and the recovery blocks schemes. The areas of research discussed include reliability modeling, version independence, and system simulation. A brief description of the use of software fault tolerance in aerospace applications is given and the important subject of costeffectiveness is addressed. The potential benefits to Air Traffic Control systems are identified together with areas where further study and research are desirable. (rh)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The main principles of software fault tolerance are presented and various schemes for achieving it are described, with emphasis being placed on the Nversion programming and the recovery blocks schemes. The areas of research discussed include reliability modeling, version independence, and system simulation. A brief description of the use of software fault tolerance in aerospace applications is given and the important subject of costeffectiveness is addressed. The potential benefits to Air Traffic Control systems are identified together with areas where further study and research are desirable. (rh)
Counting paths in computer programs by B. D Bramson(
Book
)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
An algebraic method is presented for assessing the numbers of paths through loopfree portions of computer programs, thus providing a useful measure of complexity. The underlying program model is that of a directed graph, though this does not exclude recursion. The algebraic structure is that of a path algebra but with one axiom relaxed. The theory has been implemented within the Malvern Program Analysis Suite (MALPAS). Experience has shown it to be of particular value in guiding the analysis of large programs. Keywords: Radar, Computer program Verification, Semantics, Great Britain. (kr)
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
An algebraic method is presented for assessing the numbers of paths through loopfree portions of computer programs, thus providing a useful measure of complexity. The underlying program model is that of a directed graph, though this does not exclude recursion. The algebraic structure is that of a path algebra but with one axiom relaxed. The theory has been implemented within the Malvern Program Analysis Suite (MALPAS). Experience has shown it to be of particular value in guiding the analysis of large programs. Keywords: Radar, Computer program Verification, Semantics, Great Britain. (kr)
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Related Identities
 Smith, A. Author
 Laycock, D. P. Author
 Mason, P.
 Gordon, N. T. Author
 Powell, W. J. A.
 Hunaban, N. J.
 Gorton, E. Author
 Lettington, A. Author
 Wood, A. W. Author
 Milson, P. Author
Associated Subjects
Air traffic controlComputer programs Algorithms Automatic speech recognition Axioms Carbon dioxide lasers Computable functionsData processing Computer architecture Computer engineering Computer programs Computer software ComputersValuation Database management Diffraction gratings Doppler radar Edinburgh LCF (Computer system) Image processing Imaging systems Infrared spectroscopy Mathematics Methods (Computer system) Optics Pattern perception Pattern recognition systems Perceptrons Plasma (Ionized gases) Proof theoryData processing Radar Radar air traffic control systems RadarAntennas Signal processing Solid state physics
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