Most widely held works by E Batutis
Shipboard oil-in-water content monitor based on small angle forward light scattering by E Batutis ( Book )
2 editions published between 1974 and 1975 in English and held by 26 libraries worldwide
A study of the effects of detergents on typical bilge waters and correlation of oil particle sizes by E Batutis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Feasibility Test Program of Application of Coalescing Phase Oil/Water Separators to Self Compensating Fuel Tanks in Surface Ships ( Book )
1 edition published in 1974 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
The report covers the evaluation of the General Electric Coalescing Plate Oil/Water Separator concept as applied to ballast water discharged from a ship equipped with self compensating fuel tanks during fueling operations. It was used to remove the entrained fuel oil from de-ballasted water being discharged during routine fueling operations. This separator was chosen because it has a cross sectional area and volume very nearly equivalent to a DE-1040 forward fuel tank. By attaching the separator directly to the ship's discharge port and refuelling at several flow rates it was possible to evaluate the performance of the coalescing plate banks in a de-ballasting operation.
Shipboard Oil-in-Water Content Monitor Based on Small Angle Forward Light Scattering ( Book )
2 editions published between 1974 and 1975 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
A real time Shipboard Oil-In-Water Content Monitor using direct in situ measurements and electro-optical processing has been proven feasible. The concept uses spatial filtering of small angle forward scattering laser light allowing discrimination of oil particles only. The breadboard model used in this study has indicated that accuracies in the 0 to 100 ppm oil range on the order of plus or minus 10% or better can be expected for many oil types ranging from unrefined crudes to refined lubricating oils and hydraulic oil as well as mixtures of these oils. The interference of gas bubbles and solid particulates is eliminated for the most part by optically spatial filtering the diffraction pattern and centrifuging the sample stream. A test program involving studies of oil types, oil mixtures, oil concentrations, salinity, solids, air, mixtures of air and solids, and effects of detergent is described in this report along with graphical and tabular presentations of all data. Major problem areas disclosed by this study are described in detail and involve mostly sampling and sample handling techniques rather than detector-performance characteristics. Conclusions and recommendations are also included, indicating areas for continued study and development.
Shipboard oil-in-water content monitor based on small angle forward light scattering final report ( Book )
1 edition published in 1975 in Undetermined and held by 1 library worldwide
A Study of the Effects of Detergents on Typical Bilge Waters and Correlation of Oil Particle Sizes ( Book )
1 edition published in 1975 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Oil removal systems for treating bilge water are drastically affected by the condition, composition, and character of the incoming bilge water-oil mixture. The presence of various detergents and cleansers causes emulsification of hydrocarbon products already present. The extent of emulsification caused by synthetic detergents on eight oils was studied at a fixed agitation rate and intensity as a function of detergent type (cationic, anionic, or non-ionic) and concentration as well as temperature, pH and salinity of the continuous (external) phase (distilled water). Laboratory test emulsions were generated using ultrasonic agitation, coupled with high speed non-aerating dispersion to simulate the type of emulsions produced by action of a centrifugal pump. A HIAC Particle Counter was used to determine the amount of oil emulsified. The conclusions indicated that: (1) Detergents with cationic-active ingredients would promote a higher degree of emulsification than those with non-ionic or anionic type surfactants. (2) The amount of oil emulsified under fixed agitation rate and intensity and fixed oil concentration does not increase proportionally with increasing detergent concentrations. (3) The concentration of emulsified oil tends to approach a nearly constant value with increasing detergent concentration. (4) at low concentrations of detergent, 100 ppm, the effect of some detergents seems to be one of de-emulsification. An appendix is included in this report covering a correlation of particle size data generated by a number of investigators. (Author).