WorldCat Identities

Houck, Jon M.

Works: 6 works in 6 publications in 1 language and 5 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Jon M Houck
Neural activation during response inhibition is associated with adolescents' frequency of risky sex and substance use( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Objective: Introduction: While many have identified the important role of the developing brain in youth risk behavior, few have examined the relationship between salient cognitive factors (response inhibition) and different types of real-world adolescent health risk behaviors such as substance use and risky sex, within the same sample of youth. Methods: We therefore sought to examine these relationships with 95 high-risk youth (ages 14-18; M age = 16.29 years). We examined blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) response to an fMRI-based cognitive task designed to assess response inhibition (Go/NoGo) and past month risk behavior (number of substance use days; number of unprotected sex days). Results: For this sample of youth, we found significant negative correlations between past month substance use and response inhibition within the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and right insula (uncorrected p <.001; extent threshold e"10 voxels). In addition, in the same contrast, we found significant positive correlations between past month risky sex and activation within the right IFG and left middle occipital gyrus (uncorrected p <.001; extent threshold e"10 voxels). Conclusions: These results suggest the particular relevance of these regions in this compelling, albeit slightly different, pattern of response for adolescent risky behaviors. Highlights: We evaluated response inhibition with two types of adolescent risk behavior. We found negative correlations between substance use and BOLD. This negative relationship was in the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and right insula. We found positive correlations between risky sex and BOLD. This positive relationship was in the right IFG and left middle occipital gyrus
A magnetoencephalographic analysis of early cerebellar activation during a mental rotation task by Jon M Houck( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The language of change among criminal justice clients: Counselor language, client language, and client substance use outcomes( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Objective: Counselor and client language have been identified as mechanisms of change in motivational interviewing (MI) counseling sessions. This study evaluated whether language patterns exhibited during MI sessions with substance users in the community would also be found during MI sessions with substance users in the criminal justice system. Method: Forty audio recordings of MI sessions with substance-using probationers were coded and analyzed sequentially using the Motivational Interviewing Skills Code (MISC) 2.5. Analyses examined the relationship between counselor and client language, and the relationship between client language and client substance use after 2 months. Results: Counselor MI inconsistent language was associated with decreased change talk (lnOR=−0.76, p <.05) though not with increased sustain talk. Both sustain talk ( b =−4.591, t =−18.634 p <.001) and MI inconsistent language MIIN ( b =−4.419, t =−19.886, p <.001) were positively associated with substance use at 2 months. Sustain talk early in the session (i.e., during deciles 1 and 2) was significantly greater among clients who reported using substances at 2 months, compared to clients who did not use substances. Conclusion: These findings are broadly consistent with previous literature documenting the association between counselor language, client language, and client outcome
Neuroscience of motivational interviewing change talk by Jon M Houck( Book )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Within-session communication patterns predict alcohol treatment outcomes( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Highlights: We used sequential coding to test communication patterns in motivational interviewing. We examined 118 initial sessions of Motivational Enhancement Therapy. Clients who emitted change talk after a prior change talk statement, drank less after treatment. Change talk counts were not a significant predictor of post-treatment drinking outcomes. Communication patterns may be a better target in interventions to reduce drinking. Abstract: Background: Within-session client speech is theorized to be a key mechanism of behavior change in motivational interviewing (MI), a directional, client-centered approach to behavior change. Client change talk (CT: speech indicating movement toward changing a problematic health behavior) and sustain talk (ST: speech supporting continuing a problematic health behavior) have each shown relationships with outcomes. However, it may be the case that patterns of within-session client speech, rather than counts of client speech, are important for producing change. Methods: Recorded initial MI/MET psychotherapy sessions from Project MATCH had been previously rated using the Motivational Interviewing Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchange (MI-SCOPE), a mutually exclusive and exhaustive sequential coding system. From these existing data, session conditional probabilities for transitions of interest (the transition from CT to more CT, and the transition from reflections of CT to CT) were analyzed as empirical Bayes estimates of log-normalized odds ratios. Results: CT frequencies and these log-normalized odds ratios were entered as independent variables into longitudinal generalized estimating equation (GEE) models predicting within-treatment and post-treatment drinking. While all variables were significant predictors of within-treatment drinking, only the CT-CT transition emerged as a significant predictor of decreased drinking after treatment. Conclusions: The momentum of a client's speech about change during an MI session may be a better predictor of outcome than is a simple frequency count of it. Attending not only to the mere occurrence of CT, but also recognizing the importance of consecutive client statements of CT, may improve treatment outcomes
The Structure of Client Language and Drinking Outcomes in Project MATCH by Tim Martin( )

1 edition published in 2011 in Undetermined and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Client language during Motivational Interviewing interventions is an important predictor of drinking outcomes, but there are inconsistencies in the literature regarding what aspects of client language are most predictive. We characterized the structure of client language by factor analyzing frequency counts of several categories of client speech. The results provide limited support for a model proposed by Miller et al. (2006) and Amrhein et al. (2003) but with some important differences. While Amrhein et al. (2003) found that only increasing strength in client commitment language predicted behavior change, the current study revealed that client language preparatory to commitment predicted drinking outcomes
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Audience level: 0.80 (from 0.57 for A magnetoe ... to 1.00 for The Struct ...)