WorldCat Identities

Masci, David

Works: 111 works in 150 publications in 1 language and 3,101 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author
Classifications: H35, 289.95
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by David Masci
War on terrorism : can the U.S. contain the global terrorist threat? by David Masci( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The United States has attacked Afghanistan in response to the horrific Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon that killed nearly 6,000 people. Supported by a broad international coalition, President Bush said he intended to eliminate terrorist leader Osama bin Laden and his global Al Qaeda network, as well as the Taliban government that harbors the Saudi exile. While some analysts say states that support terrorists must be targeted, others caution that toppling governments risks enraging many in the Islamic world and creating legions of new terrorists. Meanwhile, to protect Americans at home, Bush set up a new Office of Homeland Security and asked Congress for sweeping new law enforcement powers. But civil libertarians warn that new police powers might endanger Americans' long-cherished constitutional freedoms
Evangelical Christians : is their political influence cause for concern? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

At least a quarter of all Americans are evangelical Christians, making them the nation's largest religious group -- and one of its most influential. As religious conservatives, evangelicals champion family values and oppose abortion and gay rights, often using their considerable political power to try to bring about change. Some liberals and civil libertarians worry that evangelical Christians are trying to impose their beliefs on other Americans, and in the process are threatening to tear down the constitutional barrier between church and state. Meanwhile, some members of the evangelical community are calling for a withdrawal from the political arena. They say the only way to reverse the nation's moral decay is by encouraging people to lead a Christian life, not through political action
China after Deng : will Deng Xiaoping's dramatic changes survive? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As China's paramount leader for nearly 20 years, Deng Xiaoping guided the Middle Kingdom toward a future that combined market-oriented economic reforms and authoritarian rule. But his death in February raised many questions for the world's most populous country, including how long President Jiang Zemin and other Communist leaders are likely to hold power. In addition, China's fast-growing economy may slow down significantly. The nation also is preparing for China's historic takeover of British Hong Kong, which reverts to Chinese rule on July 1. Whether the Western-oriented city state will retain its uniqueness - and whether it will influence mainland China's tepid steps toward a more pluralistic society or cause problems for Jiang - are questions that only time will answer
School choice debate : are tuition vouchers the answer to bad public schools? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

School choice advocates predict that private school tuition vouchers will become more widely used in coming years as lawmakers, educators and parents realize that only radical reform can fix the nation's failing public schools. And school choice, the advocates argue, must be the cornerstone ofthe reforms because it empowers parents to choose the best school for their children. In addition, they say, vouchers will inject a healthy dose of competition and thereby improve a public education system that is monopolistic and resistant to change. But opponents say that vouchers will siphon money away from schools that are already woefully underfunded. Moreover, they argue that using taxpayer dollars to send children to sectarian schools violates the constitutional prohibition on government supportfor religion
Evolution vs. creationism : should schools be allowed to teach creationism? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Almost 140 years after Charles Darwin published his theory of evolution, theologians, educators and even scientists are still arguing its merits. And proposals to limit the teaching of evolution are being considered by a small but growing number of legislatures and school boards. Nearly half of all Americans reject evolution theory. Some say flatly that the Bible explains creation. Others, including proponents of "intelligent design" theory, argue that life is so complex it could not have come about by natural processes alone. But most scientists argue that evolution has been confirmed by the fossil record, genetics and other scientific disciplines. In addition, they say, there is no evidence to confirm the biblical creation story or to prove God's hand in the development of man or any other creature
Islamic fundamentalism : can democracy flourish in strict Islamic states? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The recent election of reform candidates to Iran's parliament dealt a blow to the nation's strict Islamic government. Despite Iran's generally free elections, many Westerners say that democracy is inherently impossible in countries run by Islamic fundamentalists. Since the ruling clerics believe God inspires their policies, it is argued, there is little room for the kind of public debate that is vital to a democracy. In addition, fundamentalist states such as Iran, Sudan and Afghanistan are seen as supportive of terrorism and generally hostile to the West. But other experts on the Middle East say the threat posed by fundamentalist states has been exaggerated, largely by the media. They also contend that Iran's elections are proof that Islamic fundamentalism and democracy can coexist
'Designer' humans : will altering human genes divide society? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent advances in biotechnology have brought the prospect of genetically altering human beings much closer to reality. But ethicists argue that altering an embryo's genetic blueprint to make a baby smarter or healthier -- or prettier -- would destroy what it means to be human. There is also concern that genetically endowing children with selected traits will create a social divide between those who can and cannot afford the procedure. But proponents argue that genetically enhancing people will not devalue their humanity, just make them potentially smarter and healthier. They also dispute the notion of a "genetic divide," noting that the rich already have a variety of means -- from private schools to top-flight health care -- to give their children advantages. Recent hearings on Capitol Hill continued the debate
Japan in crisis : are its economic and social problems solvable? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Once the economic envy of the world, Japan now is entering the second decade of a nearly continuous recession, with no end in sight. Unemployment, homelessness and crime are on the rise, and the banking system is lurching toward collapse under the weight of a trillion dollars in bad loans. Even the election last year of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi on a radical reform platform has produced little change, owing in part to the power of special-interest politics. Japan also must deal with the economic costs of an increasingly aging population, and growing competition from neighboring countries. Meanwhile, since the Sept. 11 attacks on New York City and the Pentagon, the U.S. has pressured Japan to help in the war against terrorism, triggering a debate within the country over its longstanding prohibition against sending troops into overseas combat
The new millennium : how will it affect our lives? by inc Congressional Quarterly( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On Dec. 31, millions of people from New York to New Zealand will celebrate the coming of a new millennium. But some scholars and others argue that the next millennium actually begins in 2001, since the Christian calendar started at 1 A.D., not at zero. Others say that such arguments are too technical and that the year 2000 warrants great millennial celebrations. At the same time, some say that the millennium, which after all commemo-rates the 2000th year since the birth of Jesus Christ, has lost its religious significance and become a largely secular event. Still other millennium-watchers say that the countdown to 2000 has increased the sense of apocalypticism in the United States, with dire results
Reparations movement : should paymentss be made for historical wrongs? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After the Civil War, efforts to compensate former slaves were blocked. Now calls are getting louder for payments to the ancestors of slaves to help the nation come to terms with a gross historical injustice. But opponents worry that reparations would only widen the divide between the races. Meanwhile, survivors of the Nazi Holocaust have had considerable success in obtaining restitution from governments and corporations linked to Hitler's "final solution." Seeking reparations is not about money, they say, but about winning justice for the victims. But some Jewish Americans argue that the reparations movement has turned a historical tragedy into a quest for money. Other mistreated groups recently have picked up the call for reparations, including World War II "comfort women" and Australian Aborigines
Internet privacy : is more government regulation needed? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Privacy advocates warn that many Websites try to collect personal information from on-line users, but few guarantee how that data will be used. They say the federal government should establish standards to protect privacy on-line. But Internet businesses and others contend that they can safeguard users' privacy without resorting to government interference. Law-enforcement agencies, meanwhile, favor government limitations on the use of sophisticated encryption technology, which makes on-line communications secure -- even from the police. They fear that strong encryption software will aid criminals in hiding their activities. But privacy advocates argue that encryption technology assures companies and consumers that their on-line communications are not being tampered with
Middle East conflict : will new flareups derail the peace process? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Efforts to bring about peace in the Middle East may have suffered a serious setback in February when hard-line nationalist Ariel Sharon was elected prime minister of Israel. Some analysts say Sharon is more likely to crack down on the Palestinians than come to terms with them. His election also comes at a time when the new Bush administration has indicated that it will be less involved in trying to bring the parties together. But others say Sharon's get-tough approach may ultimately lead both sides back to the bargaining table. Meanwhile, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat is being pressured to control continuing Arab violence in the occupied territories. Critics contend he is allowing the bloodshed to continue to advance his political aims, while others say his hands are tied and the Israelis are provoking the violence
The cloning controversy : should the U.S. ban human cloning research? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The world was stunned in February with the announcement that an adult mammal had produced an offspring without an egg being fertilized by a sperm. The "Dolly" story ignited a global media storm, in large part becauseof its chilling implication that human cloning was possible. There was deep disagreement, however, over the ethics of cloning humans. Opponents called for a ban on human cloning research, arguing that cloning offers few benefits to science while requiring unacceptable risks and undermining our very concept of humanness. But many scientists argued that cloning research could open the door to better understanding of how cells work and thus help battle cancer and other diseases. Others said its benefits could range from duplicating embryos for in vitro fertilization to replacing a dying child
Archaeology today : does political correctness hamper discovery? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Archaeology has come a long way since amateurs began hunting for ancient treasure in the 18th century. Today's archaeologists employ scientific methods and technology ranging from DNA to ground-penetrating radar. But with the new methods have come new responsibilities. Modern archaeologists now must contend with the cultural sensitivities of native groups affected by their work, although some scientists say political correctness has carried the trend to unreasonable extremes. In addition, archaeologists worry about preserving sites from looting and development, and dig less extensively than they did in the past to preserve the integrity of sites for future researchers. Meanwhile, some archaeologists say the only way to stop the looting of ancient sites is to ban the trade in antiquities altogether
NASA's future : are the space agency's goals too modest? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The explosion that destroyed the space shuttle Columbia in February, killing all seven crewmembers, has temporarily halted shuttle flights. President Bush says manned space flight will go on. And in coming years NASA not only plans to continue flying the remaining shuttles but also to build a new orbital space plane to ferry astronauts to the International Space Station. The wisdom of building a vehicle that only carries four to six crewmembers and no cargo, however, has drawn criticism. Moreover, many critics say NASA focuses on unexciting and unnecessary orbital missions when it should be planning cutting-edge expeditions to Mars and beyond. Meanwhile, the Columbia tragedy has renewed criticism that the space agency is not focused enough on safety and that its decision-making processes are flawed
Future of marriage : is traditional matrimony going out of style? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the past 40 years, the nation's marriage rate has dropped from three-quarters of American households to slightly over half. Moreover, nearly 50 percent of all U.S. marriages now end in divorce, and the number of households with unmarried couples has risen dramatically. Some scholars say that although traditional marriage will not disappear entirely, it will never again be the nation's pre-eminent social arrangement. In the future, they say, the United States will look more like Europe, where couples increasingly are opting to cohabit rather than marry. But other experts argue that the recent decrease in the divorce rate and other positive trends point to a brighter future for marriage. Meanwhile, actions by a number of state courts and local officials in favor of same-sex unions have helped ignite a debate over the issue and prompted conservatives to push for a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage
Children and divorce : does divorce turn children into troubled adults? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Almost half of all American children must cope, at some point in their lives, with the disintegration of their parents' marriage. A controversial new study by psychiatrist Judith Wallerstein contends that the children of divorce are much more likely to be troubled as adults and that couples with kids need to try harder to remain married. But critics describe the study as unscientific and argue that bad marriages often end up doing more harm than good to the whole family. Child-advocacy experts also disagree over the impact of custody arrangements. Some favor joint physical custody because they say it allows both parents to remain involved in their children's lives. But others say that forcing a child to live in two homes is disruptive and makes an already difficult situation worse
Liberal arts education : should colleges get back to basics? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The liberal arts have been the foundation of higher learning since ancient times. But liberal education has changed over the last century, as colleges have increasingly offered more career-oriented programs like business and communications. Advocates of change argue that students should have the option to choose a more practical education. But critics say that career-oriented study is only valuable when accompanied by a grounding in liberal arts subjects like history, literature and the natural sciences. At the same time, many educators say that liberal education should focus primarily on the Western tradition, upon which American society is grounded. But another school of thought contends that liberal learning should embrace all the cultures of the world and not focus exclusively on the West
U.S.-Russian relations : is the post-Cold War friendship in trouble? by David Masci( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After the breakup of the Soviet Union, friendship blossomed between Russia and the United States. But relations have cooled in recent years, and now the decision to admit Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic into NATO over Russian objections has added new tensions to the relationship. While enlargement is seen by many as a step toward permanent peace in post-Cold War Europe, others argue that including old Soviet allies in the alliance will only antagonize Russia. Moreover, many enlargement opponents say the days of antagonism between Russia and the U.S. are over, making NATO unnecessary. But NATO boosters argue that Russia is growing increasingly hostile to U.S. interests and that other dangers, including Moscow's lack of control over her nuclear arsenal, make NATO enlargement vital to U.S. and European safety
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English (39)