WorldCat Identities

Montanaro, Erika A.

Works: 2 works in 2 publications in 1 language and 8 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Erika A Montanaro
What are the 'active ingredients' of change in the Theory of Planned Behavior? Evaluating the relative effectiveness of attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioral control/self-efficacy by Erika A Montanaro( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Health interventions only have small to moderate effects on behavior change. The lack of a solid understanding of how the key theoretical constructs interact to motivate behavior change may be partly to blame. The current study examines the utility of each of the hypothesized determinants of behavior in the TPB (i.e., attitudes, norms, perceived behavioral control (PBC)/self-efficacy, and intentions) and explores the optimal combination of these constructs in an intervention to increase condom use intentions and behavior among college students. 287 participants were randomly assigned to one of seven computer-based interventions. 70 (24.4%) completed behavioral follow-up assessments three-months later. Simple effect analyses revealed that targeting one construct (e.g., norms) had diffuse effects on other constructs in the TPB (i.e., attitudes and intentions). Mediational analyses revealed that theory-based interventions were better at changing intentions than the control condition. Changes in attitudes toward condom use were related to changes in intentions. Finally, as predicted by the TPB, intentions predicted risky sexual behavior at follow-up. Theory-based interventions were superior to the control, but which combination of constructs is most effective at creating behavior change remains to be established
Measurement invariance of alcohol instruments with Hispanic youth( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Introduction: Despite their widespread use across clinical and research settings, no study has yet investigated the fit of several standard alcohol measures for Hispanic youth, including those used to assess motivation to change, self-efficacy, peer norms, and problem drinking. This study thus served to address this gap by evaluating measurement invariance with substance-using youth. Methods: We enrolled a large sample of regular substance-using youth who were involved with the justice system ( N  = 368; 72.9% male; 76.9% Hispanic; M age = 16.17 years). Similar to the broader Hispanic population of the southwest United States (U.S.), Hispanic youth in the sample were on average 3.5th generation (with at least 1 foreign-born grand-parent). Following standard administration and scoring procedures, all youth completed measures of motivation to change (e.g., readiness rulers, intentions to change), self-efficacy (e.g., drink refusal in social situations), peer norms (e.g., peer norms for substance use), and problem drinking (e.g., substance use quantity/frequency; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; Rutgers Alcohol Problems Index; Timeline FollowBack). Measurement equivalence was evaluated via multiple group confirmatory factor analysis. Results: Our results indicated that each measure evaluated herein worked equally well for Hispanic and Caucasian youth. We found measurement invariance at every level tested. Conclusions: This study supports the validity and future use of these important and widely-used alcohol use measures for high-risk substance-using Hispanic youth. Further, given the representativeness of this sample within the southwestern U.S., these results show promise for generalizability to U.S.-born Hispanic youth within this geographic region
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  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.50 (from 0.45 for What are t ... to 0.88 for Measuremen ...)