WorldCat Identities

Raul Espejo, Dr

Overview
Works: 20 works in 20 publications in 1 language and 20 library holdings
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Dr Raul Espejo
Testing one developed model by the parametric control theory methods( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate an effectiveness of applying a number of the new methods, proposed in the parametric control theory for testing macroeconomic models for the possibility of their practical application. Design/methodology/approach: - Approaches of system analysis on building and calibrating the mathematical models; provisions of the parametric control theory for both numerical testing of the calibrated models for the possibility of their practical application and solving the parametric control problems. Findings: - First, one global computable general equilibrium model (CGE model) is built and calibrated. Second, in solving the problem of testing this model for the possibility of its practical application the effectiveness of applying two developed numerical algorithms is demonstrated. These algorithms are for estimating stability indicators and estimating stability (in the sense of the theory of smooth mappings stability) of mappings defined by the model. Third, on the base of the tested CGE model there are given the solution results for a number of the parametric control problems aimed at economic growth and decrease of economic disparities of regions. Originality/value: - By the example of the developed CGE model, it is demonstrated an approach of the parametric control theory for testing macroeconomic models for the possibility of their practical application
Utility-based models and decision making problems for selected network processes( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

<Title><x>Abstract</x></title><sec><title>Purpose</title>- The concept of utility was the first time applied in Economics. The purpose of this paper is to report its usefulness for the decision making in complex technological systems, in general and in computer networks, in particular. Three selected decision-making problems are considered, corresponding solution algorithms are explained and results of numerical experiments are presented for the selected real-world case study.</sec><sec><title>Design/methodology/approach</title>- Referring to similar decision-making problems in Economics, three problems of different time horizon are investigated: strategic investment planning, short-term network rate allocation and on-line network operating. Deterministic and uncertain versions are taken into account, and the latter one is handled more thoroughly. The formalism of uncertain variables is used to represent the parameter uncertainty which concerns users' demands for services in computer networks as well as network links' capacities. Corresponding optimization tasks are presented. Numerical experiments concerning a part of the computer network Pionier working in Poland confirmed the usefulness of the solution algorithms proposed.</sec><sec><title>Findings</title>- The carried out numerical experiments verified the importance and worth of the decision-making algorithms for the Pionier computer network. It particularly concerns the game theory-based algorithm solving the on-line network operating problem which enables calculating the rates for computer links distinctly, i.e., separately for every link.</sec><sec><title>Research limitations/implications</title>- More case studies should be considered to formulate more general corollaries. The application of utility concept for wireless sensor networks needs further studies on solution algorithms.</sec><sec><title>Practical implications</title>- The results can be directly applied to a class of modern computer networks, e.g., content delivery networks, self-managing networks, context aware networks, multilevel virtual networks.</sec><sec><title>Originality/value</title>- The paper presents the unified and systematic approach for individual results previously obtained, and it considers one case study.</sec>
Towards a non-trivializing education( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

<Title><x>Abstract</x></title><sec><title>Purpose</title>- The purpose of this paper is to propose a model of education that is non-reproductive; that is, productive of non-trivial machines. The reason for this is the postulate that society's main problems are second-order deficiencies, which cannot be fixed by doing what we do better or more intensely, but rather by changing what we do.</sec><sec><title>Design/methodology/approach</title>- This paper proposes several guidelines for non-reproductive education based on Von Foerster's concept of a non-trivial machine and of legitimate questions, and Ashby's law of requisite variety. The ideas presented are corollaries and the result of a philosophical fleshing-out of said concepts and laws.</sec><sec><title>Findings</title>- In order to have a non-reproductive education, it is necessary to limit the role of central control and promote self-evaluation in education at every level of recursion: that is, in the relationship between state and educational institutions, educational institutions and teachers, teacher and students and students as evaluators of themselves.</sec><sec><title>Originality/value</title>- First, the concept of genuine self-evaluation is proposed, to distinguish this from what is currently called self-evaluation; which, it is shown, is not truly so. Second, the concept of authentic research is proposed, as distinguished from original research. This is useful for seeing how legitimate questions work at all levels of education. Third, a number of relationships between cybernetics and philosophical thought are established. Fourth, a model for non-reproductive education is proposed.</sec>
Organizing for Lean: autonomy, recursion and cohesion( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The purpose of this paper is to address the organizational implications of transformative Lean Deployment initiatives, and leverages the Viable System Model to understand what is needed organizationally so these initiatives can succeed and take root. Design/methodology/approach: - The paper starts by pointing out how Lean practices presuppose and demand empowered, autonomous organizational units at all levels. It then highlights how Lean manages the resulting Recursive Organization of "autonomous units within autonomous units" through powerful cohesion mechanisms addressing the negotiation of goals and resources, unit-to-unit coordination and process monitoring - with tools such as Pull, Kanban, Hoshin Kanri, A3 and the Toyota Kata, supported by operational practices such as Visual Controls, Standard Work, etc. Findings: - The Viable System Model was found to provide a valuable guide for articulating the organizational underpinnings of Lean deployments, including the effective, recursive distribution of deployment responsibility and authority at all levels, the identification of the right composition and reporting structure of implementation teams, and the role to be attributed to support organizations. Originality/value: - The approach provides a framework for understanding the organizational implications and possible resistance to comprehensive Lean deployments, and for appropriately including the all-important organizational dimension in order to promote the success of these deployments. It is also hoped that the paper can contribute to a more holistic, integrative understanding of what it means for an organization to embark on its Lean journey
The application of organizational cybernetics and ICT to collective discussion of complex issues( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The purpose of this paper is to expose how organizational cybernetics (OC)-related concepts could be used in combination with information and communication technologies (ICT) to facilitate group discussions on complex issues, and to show its impact in a real case. Design/methodology/approach: - A software inspired by OC and team syntegrity concepts has been developed with the aim of helping groups of people to deliberate around complex issues through the internet. Two groups of persons with similar backgrounds were chosen to pursue a deliberation process around the same issue. One had the support of ICT while the other did not. The authors used the same questionnaires with both groups, aimed at getting qualitative and quantitative information about the results obtained in each case. Findings: - The results obtained show that the group working with ICT support did produce a better output (quality and quantity) than the group not supported with ICT as well as a higher degree of satisfaction in practically all indicators than the second group. Research limitations/implications: - The authors are dealing with only one experiment and therefore cannot make a generalization. It would be desirable to repeat the experiment with various groups and in different contexts. Originality/value: - An internet-based software inspired by OC concepts was created to facilitate the first phases (generation and aggregation of ideas) of a deliberation process and the authors measured, in an experiment with two groups of people with similar backgrounds, the impact of using it on the quality and quantity of information produced through the process
Proposing a basic methodology for developing balanced scorecard by system dynamics approach( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - Successful future has inspired organizations to measure long-term and non-financial measurements and key performance indicators (KPIs). Kaplan and Norton proposed balanced scorecard (BSC) for this issue and have extended it to one of the most preferred strategic management system's tools. However, available planning tools like BSC have some limitations, like dependency to the developer, weakness in showing time delays, and also mathematical relationships between lead and lag indicators. In this paper, the authors would present a new methodology for developing BSCs, which would be able to overcome these limitations. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to develop an integrated framework for developing BSC with system dynamics approach (a dynamic BSC (DBSC)) which has lower limitation in compare with traditional BSC. The other purpose of this paper is developing a DBSC for an Iranian public transportation company. Design/methodology/approach: - Based on this purpose, related literature was thoroughly reviewed and the proposed methodology designed using the system dynamics and BSC concepts. This methodology is a composition of original BSC development methodology and system dynamics principles. An assumed organization has been used for showing methodology's capability and procedure. Furthermore, a case study has been accomplished in this paper. This case study is a DBSC which has been developed for an Iranian public transportation company. The purpose of this case study is to ensure about proposed methodology implication in action. Findings: - The authors proposed a methodology which can be applied for developing BSCs. This methodology consists of six different steps which are: developing a system for organization, selecting stakeholders' most important objectives and target, identifying organization's objectives and their KPIs for different BSC aspects, developing strategy map, targeting, and selecting initiatives. In the proceeding of this paper, the proposed methodology and its steps would be explained in detail. Originality/value: - The system dynamic approach has precedents in business studies; however, this research makes this approach operational in BSC designing and analysis. BSCs, which developed by this methodology can show time delays between an organization's objectives, its KPIs' relationship and also planning for it. Selecting achievable and rational vision and objectives' targets, change management, scenario planning and policy analysis are other values which can be achieved by DBSC deployment which need further researches. In summary, this research has shown an integrated framework for developing DBSC and then applies it to an Iranian public transportation company. Therefore, another contribution of this paper is the application of this method for an Iranian public transportation company
Towards a simple dynamical model of citizens' perception( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

<Title><x>Abstract</x></title><sec><title>Purpose</title>- The purpose of this paper is to propose a minimal dynamic two-dimensional map for the relation between citizens' perception of quality of life (<italic>y</italic>) and their perception of the city Mayor management abilities (<italic>F</italic>).</sec><sec><title>Design/methodology/approach</title>- The authors use data from the<italic>Ciudades cómo vamos</italic>? project and test a simple hypothesis: there is a linear positive correlation between<italic>y</italic>and<italic>F</italic>. Following the authors propose a two-dimensional map based on ideas from a statistical regression model and a non-linear dynamical map on the [0; 1] interval.</sec><sec><title>Findings</title>- The authors give evidence that suggests that<italic>y</italic>and<italic>F</italic>are not linearly correlated. The authors show that the two-dimensional map, mentioned above, is able to reproduce non-trivial and unsynchronized relations between the variables, as well as the whole range of correlation coefficients.</sec><sec><title>Research limitations/implications</title>- There is a very limited amount of data to work with, therefore it was not possible to explore other possible relations thoroughly. Regarding the dynamical map, the authors are aware that there are still many venues for its study.</sec><sec><title>Originality/value</title>- To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported attempt at modeling the dynamics between two variables obtained via survey on which perception is a key component of the questions.</sec>
Requisite variety, autopoiesis, and self-organization( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - Autopoiesis is a concept originally used to define living systems. However, no measure for autopoiesis has been proposed so far. Moreover, how can we build systems with a higher autopoiesis value? The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach: - Relating autopoiesis with Ashby's law of requisite variety, self-organization is put forward as a way in which systems can be designed to match the variety of their environment. Findings: - Guided self-organization has been shown to produce systems which can adapt to the requisite variety of their environment, offering more efficient solutions for problems that change in time than those obtained with traditional techniques. Originality/value: - Being able to measure autopoiesis allows us to apply this measure to all systems. More "living" systems will be fitter to survive in their environments: biological, social, technological, or urban
Community-based research: enabling civil society's self-organisation( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The purpose of this paper is to discuss the contribution of community-based research to the self-organisation of Civil Society and in particular to community engagement, policy processes and social change. Design/methodology/approach: - Starting from communities own issues and organisational structures, this paper presents a methodology to create spaces for social transformation. Its approach was designing engagement programmes of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) with communities' partnerships, supported by constructed conversations, workshops and fieldwork, coproducing knowledge within community structures. Findings: - The research offers evidence that supporting community empowerment and engagement with community-based research needs a deep understanding of participatory social processes. It makes visible that researchers should have more opportunities to focus their research on communities rather than on collecting data to respond to funders. Research limitations/implications: - Though community self-organisation happens one way or the other effective self-organisation processes cannot be taken for granted and need further studies and elaboration. Despite current efforts it requires more studies to understand social systems and develop stronger links to active citizenship policies. Practical implications: - This research contributes to communities' engagement in policy processes and highlights the enabling role of HEIs. Originality/value: - It rearticulates participatory approaches to active citizenship and learning in communities
Rethinking algorithmic regulation( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The history of cybernetics holds important lessons for how we approach present-day problems in such areas as algorithmic regulation and big data. The purpose of this paper is to position Project Cybersyn as a historical form of algorithmic regulation and use this historical case study as a thought experiment for thinking about ways to improve discussions of algorithmic regulation and big data today. Design/methodology/approach: - The paper draws from the author's extensive research on Cybersyn's history to build an argument for how cybernetic history can enrich current discussions on algorithmic regulation and the use of big data for governance. Findings: - The paper identifies five lessons from the Cybersyn history that point to current data challenges and suggests a way forward. These lessons are: first, the state matters; second, older technologies have value; third, privacy protection prevents abuse and preserves human freedom; fourth, algorithmic transparency is important; and finally, thinking in terms of socio-technical systems instead of technology fixes results in better uses of technology. Research limitations/implications: - Project Cybersyn was a computer network built by the socialist government of Salvador Allende under the supervision of the British cybernetician Stafford Beer. It formed part of the government's program for economic nationalization. Work on the project ended when a military coup brought the Allende government to an early end on September 11, 1973. Since we do not know how the system would have functioned in the long term, parts of the argument are necessarily speculative. Practical implications: - The paper uses Cybersyn's history to suggest ways that the Chilean experience with cybernetic thinking might enhance, improve, and highlight shortcomings in current discussions of algorithmic regulation. Originality/value: - The paper provides an original argument that connects one of the most ambitious cybernetic projects in history to present day technological challenges in the area of algorithmic regulation
The influence of moral sensitivity on organizational cooperation( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The purpose of this paper is to present how to model moral sensitivity and emotions in organizational setting by using the SocLab formal framework. SocLab is a platform for the modelling, simulation and analysis of cooperation relationships within social organizations - and more generally Systems of Organized Action. Design/methodology/approach: - Simulation results, including an interesting tendency for a Free Rider model, will be given. Considering that actors' decision-making processes are not just driven by instrumental interest, the SocLab learning simulation algorithm has been extended to represent moral sensitivity, making actors trying to prevent bad emotions and feel good ones. Findings: - Some simulation results about actors' collaboration and emotions in a Free Rider model were presented. A noteworthy tendency is that actors' unconditional collaboration, which occurs when their moral sensitivity reaches its highest value, is not so good since it exempts other actors from collaboration (they take advantage from the unconditional collaboration), while values of moral sensitivity somewhat below the highest value (between 0.7 and 0.9) still induces collaboration from others. Originality/value: - The research and results presented in this paper have not been presented in other papers or workshops. The presented quantitative definition of emotions (determining indexes of emotions) is different to previous approaches - for instance, to Ortony, Clore and Collins (OCC) qualitative descriptions and to logical descriptions. Similarly, simulation of morality in organizations is a new research field, which has received scarce attention up to now
Organizing for sustainability: a cybernetic concept for sustainable renewal( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The purpose of this paper is to propose a holistic structural framework for a sustainable renewal that embraces all relevant contexts - individual, organizational, local-regional and worldwide. This should help humanity achieve a future in which society, economy and ecology are united in an evolutionary process based on multiple symbiosis. Design/methodology/approach: - An integrative concept for sustainable renewal is presented, based on Beer's Viable System Model (VSM). The core of that concept is a recursive structure, which organizes the tasks necessary for such renewal. The approach is both analytical and synthetic, proposing a design for the levels of recursion, making up a coherent whole. Findings: - A structure is developed that enables agents at all recursive strata to generate variety in balance with the complexities they face. The organizational architecture based on the VSM, applied to each one of those levels, ensures the necessary and sufficient structural preconditions for the sustainability of the system under study. Practical implications: - The concept proposed here is ready to be used as a blueprint for organizing the efforts for sustainability. It can help decision makers understand that the quest for sustainable renewal is a recursive issue involving all planes, from individual to global. Originality/value: - The quest for the ecological sustainability of planet earth at this stage is not at all successful. The cybernetic model used here organizes the efforts for sustainability in a more effective way than conventional approaches. It also delivers powerful clues for sustainable renewal that are new, in particular a key to the sufficient structural preconditions for sustainability. This paper is an extended version of the Ross Ashby Memorial Lecture delivered by the author at the European Meeting of Cybernetics and Systems Research, Vienna, 24 April 2014, under the title "Organizing for Sustainability."
A cybernetic view on learning curves and energy policy( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

<Title><x>Abstract</x></title><sec><title>Purpose</title>- The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that cybernetic theory explains learning curves and sets the curves as legitimate and efficient tools for a pro-active energy technology policy.</sec><sec><title>Design/methodology/approach</title>- The learning system is a non-trivial machine that is kept in non-equilibrium steady state at minimum entropy production by competitive, equilibrium markets. The system has operational closure and the learning curve expresses its eigenbehaviour. This eigenbehaviour is analysed not in calendar time but in the characteristic time of the system, i.e., its eigentime. Measured in eigentime, the minimum entropy production in the steady-state learning system is constant. The double closure mechanism described by Heinz von Förster makes it possible for the learning system to change (adapt) its eigenbehaviour without compromising its operational closure.</sec><sec><title>Findings</title>- By obeying basic laws of second order cybernetics and of non-equilibrium thermodynamics the learning system self-organises its learning to follow an optimal path described by the learning curve. The learning rates are obtained through an operator formalism and the results explain observed distributions. Application to solar cell (photo-voltaic) modules indicates that the silicon scarcity bubble 2005-2008 produced excess entropy corresponding to costs of the order of 100 billion US dollars.</sec><sec><title>Research limitations/implications</title>- Grounding technology learning and learning curves in cybernetics and non-equilibrium thermodynamics open up new possibilities to understand technology shifts through radical innovations or paradigm changes.</sec><sec><title>Practical implications</title>- Learning curves are legitimate and efficient tools for energy policy and industrial strategy.</sec><sec><title>Originality/value</title>- Grounding of technology learning and learning curves in cybernetic and thermodynamic theory provides a stable theoretical basis for applications in industry and policy.</sec>
Collective intelligence: analysis and modelling( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

<Title><x>Abstract</x></title><sec><title>Purpose</title>- The purpose of this paper is to focus on the underpinning dynamics that explain collective intelligence.</sec><sec><title>Design/methodology/approach</title>- Collective intelligence can be understood as the capacity of a collective system to evolve toward higher order complexity through networks of individual capacities. The authors observed two collective systems as examples of the dynamic processes of complex networks - the wiki course PeSO at the Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia, and an agent-based model inspired by wiki systems.</sec><sec><title>Findings</title>- The results of the wiki course PeSO and the model are contrasted with a random network baseline model. Both the wiki course and the model show dynamics of accumulation, in which statistical properties of non-equilibrium networks appear.</sec><sec><title>Research limitations/implications</title>- The work is based on network science. The authors analyzed data from two kinds of networks: the wiki course PeSO and an agent-based model. Limitations due to the number of computations and complexity appeared when there was a high order of magnitude of agents.</sec><sec><title>Practical implications</title>- Better understanding can allow for the measurement and design of systems based on collective intelligence.</sec><sec><title>Originality/value</title>- The results show how collective intelligence emerges from cumulative dynamics.</sec>
Decentralization and heterogeneity in complex adaptive systems( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - Following a bacterial-based modeling approach, the authors want to model and analyze the impact of both decentralization and heterogeneity on group behavior and collective learning. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach: - Inspired by bacterial conjugation, the authors have defined an artificial society in which agents' strategies adapt to changes in resources location, allowing migration, and survival in a dynamic sugarscape-like scenario. To study the impact of these variables the authors have simulated a scenario in which resources are limited and localized. The authors also have defined three constraints in genetic information processing (inhibition of plasmid conjugation, inhibition of plasmid reproduction and inhibition of plasmid mutation). Findings: - The results affirmed the hypothesis that efficiency of group adaptation to dynamic environments is better when societies are varied and distributed than when they are homogeneous and centralized. Originality/value: - The authors have demonstrated that in a model based on free interactions among autonomous agents, optimal results emerge by incrementing heterogeneity levels and decentralization of communication structures, leading to a global adaptation of the system. This organic approach to model peer-to-peer dynamics in complex adaptive systems (CAS) is what the authors have named "bacterial-based algorithms" because agents exchange strategic information in the same way that bacteria use conjugation and share genome
Navigating through an "ecological desert and a sociological hell."( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The governance of the relationship between humans and the biophysical world has been based on a paradigm characterized by dualistic thinking and scientism. This has led to the Anthropocene. The purpose of this paper is to reframe human-biosphere governance in terms of "cyber-systemics", a neologism that is useful, the authors argue, not only for breaking out of this dualistic paradigm in human-environmental governance but also of the dualism associated with the use of systems and cybernetics. Design/methodology/approach: - In this paper the authors draw on their own research praxis to exemplify how the intellectual lineages of cybernetics and systems have been mutually influencing their doings, and how new forms of governance practices that explore different framing choices might contribute to building innovative governance approaches attuned to the problematique of the Anthropocene, for instance through institutional designs for cyber-systemic governance. Findings: - The growing popularity of the Anthropocene as a particular framing for the circumstances, if it is to transformative and thus relevant demands informed critique if it is to help change the trajectory of human-life on earth. The authors offer arguments and a rationale for adopting a cyber-systemic perspective as a means to avoid the dangers in pursuing the current trajectory of our relationship with the biophysical world as, for example, climate change. The essay frames an invitation for a systemic inquiry into forms of governance more suited to the contemporary circumstances of humans in their relationships with the biophysical world. Research limitations/implications: - The research essay challenges many taken-for-granted epistemological assumptions within the cybernetics and systems intellectual communities. A case for radical change is mounted; the means to effect this change, other than through changes in discourse remain unclear though it is apparent that changes to praxis and institutional forms and arrangements will be central. Practical implications: - Cyber-systemic capabilities need to be developed; this requires investment and new institutions that are conducive to cyber-systemic understandings and praxis. Originality/value: - Understanding the global environmental crisis as an emergent outcome of current commitments to dualistic governance choices demands a reframing of much of what humans have done, re-investment in cyber-systemics offers a moral and practical response
Stafford Beer and the legacy of Cybersyn: seeing around corners( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the legacy of Stafford Beer and the continuing implications of his work on Cybersyn and the models and tools he used and explored during the project and in his later work. Design/methodology/approach: - Description of Stafford Beer's work on Cybersyn and examples of its present day applicability. Findings: - The values and tools associated with the Cybersyn work in Chile continue to be relevant for the challenges of the present and an example of an approach to management structure and practice that serves both efficiency and humanity. Originality/value: - The value of this work is to contribute to the history and future possibilities of the ideas and tools pioneered in the Cybersyn project by Stafford Beer and others and their broader context in organizational cybernetics
Integrated sustainability management for organizations( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The purpose of this paper is to propose the Viable System Model (VSM) as an effective model to base the analysis of organizational sustainability (long-term viability). It is specifically proposed as a model to integrate the various sustainability tools, and as the basis for designing a unified Sustainability Management System. Design/methodology/approach: - The VSM is used as an organizational model to examine three prominent sustainability standards: ISO 26000, ISO 14001 and ISO 14044. A generic manufacturing company is used as a template; and its typical business processes are related to each of the VSM's components. Each clause of the three sustainability standards is then mapped on to the VSM model. These three models are integrated into one, by analysing the differences, similarities and complementarities in the context of each VSM component, and by identifying common invariant functions. Findings: - In all, 12 generic sustainability functions are identified. ISO 26000 has the widest scope; ISO 14001 is focused primarily on internal measurement and control (System 3), while ISO 14044 is a complex performance indicator at the System 3 level. There is a general absence of System 2. Each standard can be regarded as a distinct management layer, which needs to be integrated with the Business Management layer. Research limitations/implications: - Further research is needed to explore the specifics of integration. Practical implications: - This integration should not be based on creating distinct roles for each management layer. Originality/value: - The paper uses the insights of organizational cybernetics to examine prominent sustainability standards and advance sustainability management at the business level
Sharing business partner behavior( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Purpose: - The new concept of business partner behavior sharing practice is addressed from three perspectives: technical/technological, legal and ethical/moral with the aim to elaborate its sharing feasibility, value added, legal restrictions and moral considerations. Research results are synthetized to present an overview on business partners behavior sharing direct and indirect value added, costs and risks and proposing mitigation strategies. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach: - To evaluate technical feasibility, a real-life sharing experiment is conducted. Using a sharing agency data are collected, summarized and reported. For the purpose of legal evaluation, relevant legislation is analyzed. Ethicality/morality is assessed utilizing theoretical applied-ethics analysis. Two major normative moral theories - teleology and deontology - are selected for this purpose. The synthesis of the research results is represented in system dynamics model. Findings: - Results show no significant technical obstacles for the systematic business partner behavior sharing. Also, no major legal or ethical arguments against it are found, although some important conditions are identified that have to be met in order for the practice to be performed legally and to be qualified as ethical/moral. Research limitations/implications: - Analysis of legality is limited to the EU and legislation of the Republic of Slovenia. Ethicality of the practice is assessed from the utilitarian and rights perspectives. Practical implications: - Important technical, legal and ethical insights into business partner behavior sharing concepts and practices are provided. Originality/value: - To the authors' knowledge, this is the first time that the practice of business partner behavior sharing is addressed simultaneously from technical, legal and ethical perspectives using a real-life experiment. Therefore it is an important contribution to a more holistic account/insight of/into such a business practice
Governance for sustainability: learning from VSM practice( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

<Title><x>Abstract</x></title><sec><title>Purpose</title>- While there is some agreement on the usefulness of systems and complexity approaches to tackle the sustainability challenges facing the organisations and governments in the twenty-first century, less is clear regarding the way such approaches can inspire new ways of governance for sustainability. The purpose of this paper is to progress ongoing research using the Viable System Model (VSM) as a meta-language to facilitate long-term sustainability in business, communities and societies, using the "Methodology to support self-transformation", by focusing on ways of learning about governance for sustainability.</sec><sec><title>Design/methodology/approach</title>- It summarises core self-governance challenges for long-term sustainability, and the organisational capabilities required to face them, at the "Framework for Assessing Sustainable Governance". This tool is then used to analyse capabilities for governance for sustainability at three real situations where the mentioned Methodology inspired bottom up processes of self-organisation. It analyses the transformations decided from each organisation, in terms of capabilities for sustainable governance, using the suggested Framework.</sec><sec><title>Findings</title>- Core technical lessons learned from using the framework are discussed, include the usefulness of using a unified language and tool when studying governance for sustainability in differing types and scales of case study organisations.</sec><sec><title>Research limitations/implications</title>- As with other exploratory research, it reckons the convenience for further development and testing of the proposed tools to improve their reliability and robustness.</sec><sec><title>Practical implications</title>- A final conclusion suggests that the suggested tools offer a useful heuristic path to learn about governance for sustainability, from a VSM perspective; the learning from each organisational self-transformation regarding governance for sustainability is insightful for policy and strategy design and evaluation; in particular the possibility of comparing situations from different scales and types of organisations.</sec><sec><title>Originality/value</title>- There is very little coherence in the governance literature and the field of governance for sustainability is an emerging field. This piece of exploratory research is valuable as it presents an effective tool to learn about governance for sustainability, based in the "Methodology for Self-Transformation"; and offers reflexions on applications of the methodology and the tool, that contribute to clarify the meaning of governance for sustainability in practice, in organisations from different scales and types.</sec>
 
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