WorldCat Identities

Tyson, Karen W.

Overview
Works: 23 works in 28 publications in 1 language and 33 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: RA410.5, 362.1
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Karen W Tyson
State policy options : health care markets and regulation : determining the competitiveness of health care markets by Karen W Tyson( Book )

1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Acquiring Major Systems: Cost and Schedule Trends and Acquisition Initiative Effectiveness( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines trends in the outcomes (in terms of costs and schedules) of major weapons system acquisition programs and assesses the effectiveness of management initiatives in improving these outcomes. Program outcomes are assessed by equipment type (including aircraft, tactical munitions, electronics, strategic missiles, and satellites), by time period, by phase (development and production), and by type (new or modification). The major drivers of total program cost growth are also examined. The initiatives assessed include multi-year procurement, prototyping, total package procurement and fixed-price development, dual-source competition, design-to-cost, and contract incentives
Weapon Reliability and Logistic Support Costs in a Combat Environment( Book )

2 editions published between 1989 and 1990 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reports on the development of a methodology for assessing the tradeoffs between equipment reliability and logistic support under combat conditions. In theory, improvements in reliability have two payoffs-cost is lower and sortie generation capability is higher. This analysis estimates the magnitudes of these payoffs, using the F-15 as an example, under baseline conditions and under conditions of maintenance delay, battle damage, and attrition. In the most severe combat condition case, higher reliability results in a one-third increase in the number of sorties achieved, at one-third the spares cost per sortie. Challenging sortie schedules were also examined. In the most severe case--a 30 day surge situation with maintenance delay, attrition, and the battle damage--the high-reliability fighter achieved 358 sorties, vs. only 233 for the normal-reliability case. The paper also discusses possible methods for doing the same type of analysis for new systems, before data on costs and demands for parts are available
Understanding cost and schedule growth in acquisition programs by Karen W Tyson( Book )

2 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reports on the beginning of an effort to describe cost and schedule growth patterns associated with the acquisition of major systems, to identify reasons for the growth, and to develop a way to anticipate likely growth in development and early production phases. Tactical missile programs were selected for a pilot effort. Cost and schedule growth were measured, and reasons for such growth were identified for selected cases. Next, quantitative relationships were developed to relate cost growth to schedule growth in development and production. These relationships can be used by OSD analysts and others to support major milestone reviews by examining the reasonableness of program plans and assessing the cost impact of schedule changes. Cost and schedule growth measures were also calculated for a small sample of tactical aircraft, and some tentative quantitative relationships were developed for this group
The Impact of Reliability on Capability and Cost in a Combat Environment: An Initial Assessment( Book )

1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper discusses a methodology for assessing the cost and performance trade-offs between equipment reliability and logistic support under combat conditions. Using F-15C data and the Dyna-Metric model, the sortie generation capability of a squadron was evaluated under varying levels of reliability and varying combat conditions, including battle damage
The costs and benefits of aircraft availability by Matthew S Goldberg( Book )

2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper contains estimates of the effects of research and development costs (through initial operational capability) and unit procurement costs on the mission-capable (MC) rates of eleven tactical aircraft models. These estimates are transformed into estimates of the marginal cost of increasing MC rates through, respectively, increased development or increased procurement expenditures. The benefits of higher MC rates are also computed. One benefit is that, with more reliable aircraft, the procurement quantity may be reduced. A second benefit is that more reliable aircraft have lower operations and maintenance (O & M) costs in the field. The magnitudes of these effects are also estimated. Finally, the costs and benefits are combined to compute optimal levels of investment in reliability, both for hypothetical aircraft models and for the eleven aircraft models used in the statistical analysis
The effects of management initiatives on the costs and schedules of defense acquisition programs( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"This two volume paper examines trends in the outcomes (in terms of costs and schedules) of the acquisition programs for major weapon systems, and assesses the effectiveness of management initiatives in improving these outcomes. IDA analyzed a total of 116 major programs that included a mix of aircraft, tactical munitions, electronics/avionics, strategic missiles, satellites, vehicles, and ships. In Volume I of the paper, program outcomes are assessed by equipment type, by time period, by phase (development and production), and by type (new or modification). The initiatives assessed are prototyping, contract incentives, multi-year procurement, design-to-cost, dual-source competition, and total package procurement and fixed-price development. Volume II contains special analyses of ships and ground combat programs. The management initiatives that show the most promise for containing cost and schedule growth are prototyping, contract incentives, and multi-year procurement."--Report documentation page
The Effects of Management Initiatives on the Costs and Schedules of Defense Acquisition Programs. Volume 2. Analyses of Ground Combat and Ship Programs( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This two-volume paper examines trends in the outcomes (in terms of costs and schedules) of the acquisition programs for major weapon systems, and assesses the effectiveness of management initiatives in improving these outcomes. IDA analyzed a total of 116 major programs that included a mix of aircraft, tactical munitions, electronics/avionics, strategic missiles, satellites, vehicles, and ships. In Volume I of the paper, program outcomes are assessed by equipment type, by time period, by phase (development and production), and by type (new or modification). The initiatives assessed are prototyping, contract incentives, multi-year procurement, design-to-cost, dual- source competition, and total package procurement and fixed-price development. Volume II contains special analyses of ships and ground combat programs. The management initiatives that show the most promise for containing cost and schedule growth are prototyping, contract incentives, and multi-year procurement
Defense Department Profit and Contract Finance Policies and Their Effects on Contract and Contractor Performance( Book )

2 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Defense Department, through the military services, buys equipment and services for which no open market exists. In negotiating the contracts for these acquisitions, the government has policy guidelines to aid the contracting officer in developing a reasonable amount of profit to pay the contractor. The goal of profit policy is a contract price that reimburses the contractor for its costs, provides the necessary incentives to yield beneficial performance, and to provide the contractor with sufficient risk reward. The effect of profit policy on contractor profits is inextricably linked to the type of contract financing policy the government uses in an acquisition. The authors examine the effectiveness of these two policy tools, profit and contract financing, on achieving contract outcomes and contractor financial performance. They also look at how these policies are implemented by the Defense Department. Their methodologies include analyses of profit target setting and actual contract results data in addition to discounted cash flow modeling to value a contract or contract stream to an investor. This study as a whole is concerned with two questions about profit policy. First, in what ways does profit policy provide incentives or disincentives with respect to cost growth, schedule slips, and the performance features of a system eventually provided to the Department of Defense? Specifically, the authors are interested in whether or not profit policy can be reliably manipulated to encourage desirable outcomes on particular contracts. Second, does profit policy provide defense contractors with a profit that is large enough to retain these firms in the defense industry? Each of these questions presents several distinct issues which IDA approached using different methods and data
Policy Options for the Aircraft Turbine Engine Component Improvement Program( Book )

1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The aircraft turbine engine Component Improvement Program (CIP) is an important element in the acquisition and maturation of engines for military aircraft and helicopter applications. This report presents the results of an investigation into the role of CIP, its value to the military services, and the feasibility and practicality of certain policy options including: 1) transitioning CIP to the private sector, 2) competing CIP in whole or in part, and 3) comparing CIP to airframe and avionics engineering change processes. Recommendations for future actions are included
Analysis of Employer Costs from Reserve Component Mobilization( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines the available information about the costs that mobilizations impose on employers. It is likely that the cost consequences are different for small employers than for large ones. Evidence is presented suggesting that the most significant costs for small employers are related to lost productivity and sales rather than to the costs associated with the requirements imposed by the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA). The paper recommends a survey of employers to fill out gaps in available information and discusses rationales and options for mitigating costs
Issues in Measuring Cost Growth( )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The authors examine measures of cost growth for major weapon systems. Measures used in the past for both single and multiple programs and for both defense and non-defense systems are reviewed. The advantages and disadvantages of these measures are discussed and recommendations for appropriately measuring and forecasting cost growth in the future are presented
The Accuracy of Independent Estimates of the Procurement Costs of Major Systems( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reports the results of an assessment of the accuracy of the independent estimates of procurement costs the Department of Defense uses in milestone reviews of major acquisition programs. IDA initially examined 63 major programs that received authorization to begin Engineering and Manufacturing Development during the years 1985 through 1998. The data needed to evaluate the accuracy of the independent procurement cost estimates could be located for only 25 of these programs. IDA found that the independent cost estimate was reasonably accurate for 18 of those 25 cases. In the remaining cases, the independent estimate was sometimes substantially too high and sometimes substantially too low
Support Costs and Reliability in Weapons Acquisition: Approaches for Evaluating New Systems( )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper reports on the development of a new system reliability assessment method, to be used for assessing the tradeoffs between equipment reliability and logistic support resources early in the acquisition process. The purpose is to quantify what reliability buys in terms of lower spares costs and other support costs. Both peacetime and wartime conditions are examined. The method is demonstrated using the F-15C aircraft as a model for a national Advanced Tactical Fighter (ATF) avionics suite
Progress in the Development of the 1992 DoD Survey of Military Medical Care Beneficiaries( )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Congress, through enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993, Section 733, directed the DoD to conduct a survey of military medical care beneficiaries regarding the quality and availability of health and dental care. This interim report describes the survey requirements, the process by which the survey instrument was designed, and the survey sampling plan. Included are summaries of previous relevant surveys that have been reviewed and a description of survey pretest results. The survey schedule and preparations for analysis are also presented, as is the final survey instrument
The Effects of Management Initiatives on the Costs and Schedules of Defense Acquisition Programs. Volume 1. Main Report( )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This two-volume paper examines trends in the outcomes (in terms of costs and schedules) of the acquisition programs for major weapon systems, and assesses the effectiveness of management initiatives in improving these outcomes. IDA analyzed a total of 116 major programs that included a mix of aircraft, tactical munitions, electronics/avionics, strategic missiles, satellites, vehicles, and ships. In Volume I of the paper, program outcomes are assessed by equipment type, by time period, by phase (development and production), and by type (new or modification). The initiatives assessed are prototyping, contract incentives, multi-year procurement, design-to-cost, dual- source competition, and total package procurement and fixed-price development. Volume II contains special analyses of ships and ground combat programs. The management initiatives that show the most promise for containing cost and schedule growth are prototyping, contract incentives, and multi-year procurement
Assessment of Industry Investment in U.S. Domestic Production of Strategic Materials( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

IDA assisted the Strategic Materials Protection Board in assessing the extent to which domestic producers of strategic materials are investing to ensure continued domestic production of these materials. IDA identified the domestic producers of strategic materials developed a data request to the companies and developed evaluation criteria. The paper presents analyses of company investment using public data and a non-proprietary summary of the survey results. We found that U.S. strategic materials producers are investing for continued domestic production. The titanium sector is investing aggressively in anticipation of a growing share of global commercial aerospace material markets for dramatic expansion. The specialty steel sector is now starting to invest more capital to serve expanding markets worldwide for more modest growth. Many companies are planning future investments though it is expected that this will depend on economic conditions
Infrastructure Rationalization in the U.S. Naval Ship Industrial Base( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Because of decreased demand for new ship construction the number of U.S. shipyards capable of handling new construction and conversion programs for the U.S. Navy decreased through the 1970s and 1980s. In 1993 the Defense Department established a policy to consolidate and rationalize (reduce infrastructure) within the defense industry in the face of the lower demand experienced following the end of the cold war. IDA looked at infrastructure rationalization in the major ship industrial base. Before the 1993 consolidation wave the six major shipyards were owned by five independent companies. After the last major acquisition in 2001 the same six shipyards were owned by just two companies. We examined the financial and economic implications of the ownership consolidations since 1993. In particular we measured the extent of infrastructure rationalization that has occurred as a direct result of industry restructuring. We also explored factors and barriers that encourage or discourage rationalization of the defense industrial base generally by comparing the results of the ship industry consolidation with consolidations in the aircraft and missile industries
Evolving Service Poles in Presence Missions( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Security Strategy of the United States depends heavily on an effective mix of military power projection capability and day-to-day overseas presence of military assets in key regions. With the end of the Cold War, many central elements of U.S. national security strategy are coming under close scrutiny. One of these is overseas presence. How much is necessary? What forms best promote key U.S. objectives? Are there sensible new approaches to the funding and management of presence activities? This study develops a conceptual framework for thinking about overseas presence, compiles and analyzes the first all-Service chronology of discrete presence incidents over the last decade (1983-94), conducts six detailed case studies of presence operations, compiles a record of the perspectives of each major DoD component concerning overseas presence, and develops a methodology for comparing the effectiveness of alternative presence postures, including a set of costing principles that can be used to evaluate alternative presence postures. The study recommends that DoD move toward a more output-focused presence requirements process, building on the strengths of the expanded JROC and CINCACOM's Joint Adaptive Force Package Process
Prototyping Defense Systems( )

1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Prototyping helps to reduce technical risk in developing weapon systems. While it requires time and money upfront, it allows the government to delay major funding commitments. Thus, prototyping is receiving increased attention now because of lower budgets. Technical risk is a major cause of cost growth and schedule slip, and this paper investigates whether prototyping improves cost and schedule outcomes. The paper develops a framework for examining the level and purpose of prototypes. It examines cost growth and schedule slip for non-prototyped programs and prototypes of various levels and purposes. Results indicate that prototyping helps to make program costs, particularly development costs, more predictable. Prototyped programs take somewhat longer, but the differences may be due to technical complexity. Aircraft and tactical munitions have followed different prototyping strategies, with munitions' strategy being more successful. The analysis provides the basis for prototyping guidelines for use by DoD
 
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English (25)