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Works: 1,181 works in 1,278 publications in 1 language and 1,295 library holdings
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IDA paper by Va.> Institute for Defense Analyses <Alexandria ( )
in Undetermined and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Inspection Costs for a Multilateral Chemical Weapons Convention; An Analytical Framework and Preliminary Estimates ( Book )
3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The draft Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) now being negotiated at the forty-nation Conference on Disarmament is a complex disarmament convention to both eliminate chemical weapons and to deter further production. Achieving these goals will require an extensive verification regime involving a variety of inspections, visits, and extended on-site presence. Planning for such a regime requires an understanding of the level of effort that will be required and the costs that may be incurred. This paper examines the draft Convention, develops an analytical framework for costing the monitoring activities associated with the CWC, and provides preliminary cost estimates under a variety of assumptions
Trends in weapon system operating and support costs by Timothy J Graves ( )
3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this period of diminishing Department of Defense budgets, an increasing percentage of each budget goes to the operating and support (O & S) accounts. This slows modernization of weapon inventories and could cause the average age of weapon systems in use to rise, perhaps to unacceptable levels. To address this situation, decision makers must find ways to lower the O & S costs of existing and future systems. This study was to determine if past efforts to reduce O & S costs have been effective. DoD's efforts to reduce per unit weapon system O & S costs have not been fully successful. In half of the cases we studied, new weapons were more expensive to operate, and in the other half they were the same or less expensive. However, most new weapon systems are more complex, more expensive to buy, and have significantly more capability than their predecessors. When you take asset value and capability into account, new systems are often less expensive to operate than the systems they replaced. The study does not address potential O & S cost increases avoided through cost-reducing design initiatives
Missile, Bomb, and Projectile Fuze Subtier Assessment ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This briefing maps the U.S. industrial base for development and production of fuzes for bombs, missiles, and large caliber projectiles. The strengths and weaknesses of the firms are assessed. The current and future business base is compiled. Development trends are identified. Potential problems in maintaining competition among willing, competent contractors and suppliers are discussed
SAGEN (SADMT (Strategic Defense Initiative Architecture Dataflow Modeling Technique) Generator) User's Guide Version. 1.5 ( Book )
3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
IDA Paper P-2028 documents a tool that can facilitate the description of processes for the Strategic Defense System (SDS) and Battle Management/Command, Control and Communications (BM/C3) architectures. The process descriptions generated by this tool conform to the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) Architecture Dataflow Modeling Technique (SADMT)
Defense Science Study Group IV: Study Reports 1994-1995. Volume I ( Book )
2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Defense Science Study Group (DSSG) is a program sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and managed by the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA). The purpose of the program is to expose some of the most talented young scientists and engineers from academia to issues and operations related to national security. Strengthening ties between the scientists and engineers and the national security community will provide the Government with a new source of technical advisors and informed critics. Individuals spend about 20 days per year for 2 years receiving briefings by distinguished speakers; visiting laboratories, intelligence organizations, and military, manufacturing, and industrial facilities; and conducting studies on defense-related topics. This report is a compilation of the studies prepared by the members (various topics)
Environmental Restoration - Expedient Methods and Technologies: A User Guide with Case Studies ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This document collects information on potential methods and technologies that could be used to support environmental restoration projects undertaken by NATO Cooperation Partners (Partnership for Peace nations) in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. The information is presented according to the type of pollution that is the object of remediation plans but is limited to pollution problems involving fuels, chlorinated solvents, and heavy metals. Case studies include descriptions of the problems to be solved, the methods used to resolve problems, relative successes, the anticipated cost and actual cost (if known), and technologies that are soon to become available. Also included are discussions of technical problems encountered and World Wide Web sites that may have added information. Risk assessment and risk based corrective actions are covered. Appendices include discussions of models and modeling, a guide to a hierarchy of preferred alternatives for each type of problem, and emerging technologies useful for former naval installations. One appendix includes short discussions of alternatives deemed not to be useful and why
Evaluation of the Multi-Sensor Towed Array Detection System (MTADS) Performance at Jefferson Proving Ground, January 14-24, 1997 ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This document provides an analysis of the results of a test of the Multi-Sensor Towed Array Detection System (MTADS) conducted from 14 to 24 January 1997 at the Jefferson Proving Ground in Indiana. MTADS was tested in three scenarios of roughly 10 acres each. For scenario 1, with aerial gunnery unexploded ordnance (UXO), MTADS achieved a 95.7% probability of detection (PD) with a false-alarm rate (FAR) of 41.9 per hectare (10,000 square meters). For scenario 2, with artillery and mortar UXO, MTADS achieved a 95.9% PD with a FAR of 37.6 per hectare. For scenario 3, with submunitions and grenade UXO, MTADS achieved a 93% PD with a FAR of 45.4 per hectare. An examination of the FAR with classical linear discriminants showed that reduction of the FAR of 51.4%, 25.5%, and 44%, for the respective scenarios, would have been achieved in the JPG test. Further study is needed to determine if comparable FAR reduction could be achieved in other situations. The discriminants that achieved these FAR reductions were particular to the individual scenario. No general (i.e., useful in all scenarios) discriminant was found
Ultra-Wide SAR System Analysis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper develops a methodology for analyzing the performance of ultra wide SAR systems that relaxes the approximations commonly carried over from narrow band/beam SAR analysis. The analysis is applied to system sensitivity and resolution calculations
Individualized Systems of Instruction by J. D Fletcher ( Book )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The techniques and effectiveness of systems for adjusting the pace, content, sequence, and/or style of instruction to fit the needs of individual learners are briefly reviewed. These systems are all designed to function within group instructional settings. They may be separated into print-oriented approaches (Programmed Instruction, Personalized System of Instruction, Audio-Tutorial Approach, and Individually Guided Education) and computer-oriented approaches (Individually Prescribed Instruction, Adaptive Learning Environments Model, Program for Learning in Accordance with Needs, the Strands Approach, Optimization of Instruction, and Intelligent Computer-Assisted Instruction). The primary task of these and similar systems is to replace the two standard deviations of achievement that may be lost by grouping students for instruction rather than providing a single teacher for each student in one-on-one, individualized instructional settings. Difficulty in accomplishing this task appears to lie primarily with the costs and increased workload that individualization requires
Inserting Commercial Technologies into Military Systems: Lessons from British Experience by Andrew W Hull ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper examines robust and long standing British experience in using commercial off the shelf (COTS) technology to satisfy military requirements. It then develops a series of lessons upon which the new commercial insertion program of the U.S. Department of Defense may draw
A review of study panel recommendations for defense modeling and simulation by J. Dexter Fletcher ( Book )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
File characteristics: Text (17 files). Physical description: 1 computer diskette; 3 1/2 in., low density. System requirements: MacIntosh 6.0.7; Microsoft Word for Windows 4.00 B; MacDraw Pro 1.0, V1. This paper reviews the recommendations made by senior study panels, such as those of the Defense Science Board, the Army Science Board, and the General Accounting Office, concerning Defense modeling and simulation. A total of 179 recommendations were identified, made by 25 different study panels overa period of about 16 years. Overall they provide a foundation for the work of the Defense Modeling and Simulation (DMSO) Office which was established in 1991. In this review, each recommendation was categorized with regard to which DMSO General Objective, Functional (Application) Area, and Technical Objective it addresses. Each recommendation was also categorized with regard to what action (application, targeted research and development, technical improvement, modeling and simulation development, management improvement, and coordination) it advocates. Common themes found in the recommendations concern opportunities and needs for improved coordination, increased involvement and responsibility of higher management, more systematic and comprehensive planning, improved technology, improved technical quality, increased information sharing and feedback, broadened perspective, and new and extended opportunities for modeling and simulation, including increased application in system acquisition, test, and evaluation
The Accuracy of Independent Estimates of the Procurement Costs of Major Systems ( )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper reports the results of an assessment of the accuracy of the independent estimates of procurement costs the Department of Defense uses in milestone reviews of major acquisition programs. IDA initially examined 63 major programs that received authorization to begin Engineering and Manufacturing Development during the years 1985 through 1998. The data needed to evaluate the accuracy of the independent procurement cost estimates could be located for only 25 of these programs. IDA found that the independent cost estimate was reasonably accurate for 18 of those 25 cases. In the remaining cases, the independent estimate was sometimes substantially too high and sometimes substantially too low
Field Action Officer Roles in GCCS Development ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This document describes the purpose of the RID and the EPIP documents stemming from the acquisition approach taken to field the Global Command and Control System (GCCS). It briefly explains the evolutionary acquisition approach to GCCS, how GCCS requirements are determined, how each phase of development is planned via the EPIP, and how GCCS software is developed, tested, and fielded. The final section identifies responsibilities for the EPIP implementation
An Assessment of New Applications for Single-Crystal Piezoelectric Materials ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Piezoelectricity was first discovered by the Curie brothers in 1880. During the 1940s, piezoelectric ceramic materials were first used in commercial devices, and new materials and other applications have continued to develop over the years. Most recently, however, relaxor-based ferroelectric single crystals have been produced. In most cases, these single-crystal material properties, exceed those of conventional piezoelectric ceramics. The purpose of this study was to determine the current commercial and military uses of the piezoelectric materials, the properties that are important to these uses, and the impact of substituting single-crystal materials for the piezoelectric materials. Service and Defense agency piezoelectric development programs are discussed, as is the possibility of restructuring these programs to take advantage of the single-crystal materials. Novel military uses for single-crystal piezoelectric materials are given, and important commercial applications for single-crystal piezoelectric materials are identified. Finally, issues such as design modifications needed to produce devices using the single crystals are addressed
A Methodology for Independent Assessment of Advanced Warfighting Experiments ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This document suggests an approach for defining independent assessments of the results of joint advanced warfighting experiments undertaken in support of Joint Vision 2010. The joint experiments are those pursued in development of innovative operational doctrine or operational concepts to be employed by a joint task force, a unified command, or similar organization. Independent assessments would have the goal of interpreting the operational potential of new warfighting concepts free of the biases of those who propose the capability or conduct the experiments. Since their use throughout the military establishment is not standard, this document first presents some reasonable definitions of the meanings of innovation, experimentation, and jointness as used in the context of joint operations and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff's vision for future warfighting capabilities. Then, the document describes the nature of experiments, their purposes, and how they support development of advanced warfighting concepts that will be the focus of experimentation. Following that, a structure for an independent assessment or evaluation of an advanced warfighting concept, and a methodology for independently assessing the success or failure of experiments dealing with future warfighting concepts are developed
Symmetric Analysis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Symmetric analysis is based on force on force simulations conducted on symmetric terrain, obtained by reflecting a rectangular digital terrain database around one of its boundaries. Many of the input variables (e.g., forces, starting positions, and mission objectives) are the same for both sides. Only the experimental variables are different. This document introduces the concept of symmetric analysis, describes its benefits, and illustrates its application
Lights Out and Gridlock: The Impact of Urban Infrastructure Disruptions on Military Operations and Non-Combatants by Christina M Patterson ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Recent and ongoing military operations in cities and urban areas, as well as the expectation for future conflict and operations in this environment, have led the U.S. military community to focus on improving its understanding of and capabilities in military operations in urban terrain (MOUT). However, despite this interest and the importance of interconnected infrastructure networks to the functioning of a city, there does not appear to have been a corresponding degree of concentration or study with respect to the effects (costs and benefits) of urban infrastructure and its disruption. The study presented in this paper attempts to address this void by expanding the understanding of infrastructure, specifically the power grid and transportation network, and the types of impacts that its disruption can have on a military operation and non-combatants. This study further uses this improved understanding of infrastructure to develop an approach for incorporating a power grid, transportation network, and their impacts into modeling and simulation (M & S)
Double Negative Materials (DNM), Phenomena and Applications ( Book )
2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this document we examine recent developments in double negative materials (DNM) or negative index of refraction materials (NIR) and consider their potential military applications. These materials are artificially engineered, composite structures that provide extraordinary responses to electromagnetic (EM) waves in general. These materials are important because they allow us to control light (or EM waves) in ways not previously possible. Because these metamaterials exhibit a unique ability to bend and focus light in ways no other conventional materials can, they hold great potential for enabling a number of innovative lens and antenna structures. Searching for smaller, lighter, and conformal components and devices for radar and communication applications, researchers have increasingly turned to these metamaterials. It is expected that research will lead to innovative designs in optical instrumentation, sub wavelength resolution, reduction of friction in MEMS, novel approaches to beam steering, novel approaches for integrating optics with semiconductor electronics and others. Many IDA projects could benefit from the knowledge obtained as a result of this study
Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator ( )
2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Ida Paper P-2108, Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator, documents the Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator program which will create a lexical analyzer or next- token procedure for use in a compiler, pretty printer, or other language processing programs. Lexical analyzers are produced from specifications of the patterns they must recognize. The notation for specifying patterns is essentially the same as that used in the Ada Language Reference Manual. The generator produces an Ada package that includes code to match the specified lexical patterns and returns the symbols it recognizes. Familiarity with compiler terminology and techniques is assumed in the technical sections of this document
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