WorldCat Identities

École doctorale de Mathématiques et Informatique (Bordeaux)

Overview
Works: 286 works in 289 publications in 2 languages and 432 library holdings
Roles: 996, Editor, Degree grantor
Classifications: QA37.2, 510
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by École doctorale de Mathématiques et Informatique (Bordeaux)
Leçons de mathématiques d'aujourd'hui by B Perthame( Book )

2 editions published in 2007 in French and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Leçons de mathématiques d'aujourd'hui( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 48 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Leçons de mathématiques d'aujourd'hui( Book )

2 editions published between 2003 and 2012 in French and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Leçons de mathématiques d'aujourd'hui( Book )

1 edition published in 2003 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Opérateurs de composition sur les espaces de fonctions holomorphes de plusieurs variables complexes universalité dans les espaces de Banach et de Fréchet by Stphane Charpentier( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the first part of my thesis, a result on the existence of a closed infinite-dimensional subspace, whose non-zero elements are universal series, is given in Banach and Fréchet spaces framework.The second part is devoted to the study of composition operators on spaces of several variables analytic functions. First, the spectrum and the dynamics of hyperbolic composition operators acting on Hardy spaces on the ball are completely described.Second, continuity and compactness of composition operators on Hardy-Orlicz and Bergman-Orlicz spaces on the ball are characterized. In particular, we deduce from the treatment of the continuity that there exists a class of Orlicz functions which define Hardy-Orlicz and Bergman-Orlicz spaces, on which every composition operator is bounded
Segmentation spatio-temporelle et indexation vidéo dans le domaine des représentations hiérarchiques by Claire Morand( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis aims at proposing a solution of scalable object-based indexing of HD video flow compressed by MJPEG2000. In this context, on the one hand, we work in the hierarchical transform domain of the 9/7 Daubechies' wavelets and, on the other hand, the scalable representation implies to search for multiscale methods, from low to high resolution. The first part of this manuscript is dedicated to the definition of a method for automatic extraction of objects having their own motion. It is based on a combination of a robust global motion estimation with a morphological color segmentation at low resolution. The obtained result is then refined following the data order of the scalable flow. The second part is the definition of an object descriptor which is based on the multiscale histograms of the wavelet coefficients. Finally, the performances of the proposed method are evaluated in the context of scalable content-based queries
Securing wireless sensor and vehicular networks by Wafa Ben Jaballah( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Wireless sensor and vehicular networks play an important role in critical military and civil applications, and pervade our daily life. However, security concerns constitute a potential stumbling block to the impeding wide deployment of sensor networks and vehicular communications. This dissertation studies communication security for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), and vehicular communication. To this aim, we address four important aspects. The first study addresses broadcast authentication in WSNs. We focus on key disclosure based schemes. We demonstrate that key disclosure delay induces an authentication delay, which could lead to a memory DoS attack. We then propose two broadcastauthentication protocols for WSNs, which overcome the security vulnerability of existingsolutions. The proposed schemes guarantee the efficient management of receiver's buffer, by employing a staggered authentication mechanism, and a Bloom filter data structure to reduce the communication overhead. We also validate our protocols under the AVISPA model checking tool, and we evaluate them with experiments under TinyOS. Our findings are that these protocols provide source authentication service while respecting the WSN constraints.The second study addresses the storage issue in WSNs, in particular the Delayed AuthenticationCompromise attack (DAC). We first demonstrate that recently proposed schemes, which also address the DAC issue are vulnerable to two kinds of attacks: switch command attack (where an adversary pretends to "switch" two messages over time), and drop command attack (where an adversary just pretends to "hide" a message sent from the broadcaster). As a countermeasure against these attacks, we propose a new solution for broadcast authentication. Our analysis shows that our solution is effective in detecting both switch command and drop command attack, and-at the same time-is more efficient (in terms of both communication and computation) than the state of the art solutions.In the third study, we address key management security in WSNs. We present novel symmetric-key-based authentication schemes which exhibit low computation and communication authentication overhead. Our schemes are built upon the integration of a reputation mechanism, a Bloom filter, and a key binary tree for the distribution and updating of the auxviii thentication keys. Our schemes are lightweight and efficient with respect to communication and energy overhead. The fourth study addresses security in vehicular communications. We focus on fast multi hop broadcast applications. We analyze the security threats of state of the art vehicular based safety applications. We demonstrate that these schemes are vulnerable to the position cheating attack, the replay broadcast message attack, and the interrupting forwarding attack. Then, we propose countermeasures for these threats. We hence propose a complete solution which is both fast and secure in broadcasting safety related messages: Fast and Secure Multi-hop Broadcast Algorithm (FS-MBA). Finally, we confirm the efficiency and feasibility of our proposals using an extensive set of simulations under NS-2 Simulator
Contribution à la modélisation de l'écoulement dans un compresseur centrifuge et développement de critères d'optimisation by Paul Le Sausse( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis is the result of a partnership between the company Johnson Controls and the university Bordeaux1. The objective is part of a project to develop innovative heat pump and involves the design of a high head centrifugal compressor. To do this, a numerical model is created to simulate the flow in this kind of compressor. To observe industriel deadlines, a first geometry was established by iterative changes of various parameters in analysing induced effiencies. The flow was then studied further, especially to better understand the onset of flow separation. Finally, a study of unsteady flow in the diffuser was performed. Beyond the physical phenomena investigated and comprehended during this process, it is firstly a methodology that values this work
Manipulation de contenu 3D sur des surfaces tactiles by Aurlie Coh( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Since the emergence of tactile surfaces in recent years, the general public uses them every day for multiple tasks, such as checking email, photo manipulation, and so on. However, very few 3D applications on these devices exist, although such applications may have great potential in various fields, such as culture, architecture, or archeology. The major difficulty for such applications is to interact with a defined space in three dimensions from an interaction modality defined in two dimensions. Work in this thesis explores the association between tactile surfaces and manipulation of 3D content for the general public. The first studies were conducted to understand how the user tends to manipulate a 3D virtual object with a touch surface without imposing specific interaction techniques. Throughout knowledge gained by users, the following works are developing new interaction techniques and their evaluation
Extraction des utilisations typiques à partir de données hétérogènes en vue d'optimiser la maintenance d'une flotte de véhicules by Asma Ben Zakour( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Le travail produit s'inscrit dans un cadre industriel piloté par la société 2MoRO Solutions. La réalisation présentée dans cette thèse doit servir à l'élaboration d'un service à haute valeur, permettant aux exploitants aéronautiques d'optimiser leurs actions de maintenance. Les résultats obtenus permettent d'intégrer et de regrouper les tâches de maintenance en vue de minimiser la durée d'immobilisation des aéronefs et d'en réduire les risques de panne.La méthode que nous proposons comporte trois étapes : (i) une étape de rationalisation des séquences afin de pouvoir les combiner [...]
Circular coloring and acyclic choosability of graphs by Nicolas Roussel( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Dans cette thèse, nous nous intéressons à la coloration circulaire des graphes planaires. Des bornes supérieures ont été données pour des graphes avec degré maximum borné, avec girth, la longueur de son plus petit cycle, bornée, avec des cycles manquants, etc. Ici nous donnerons de nouvelles bornes pour les graphes avec degré moyen maximum borné. Nous étudions également la coloration totale et la coloration (d,1)-totale de plusieurs familles infinies de graphes. Nous décrivons le nouveau concept de coloration (d,1)-totale circulaire. Enfin, nous discutons les conditions nécessaires pour qu'un graphe planaire admette une coloration acyclique par listes de taille 4
Contrôle de la dynamique de la leucémie myéloïde chronique par Imatinib by Chahrazed Benosman( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Modelling hematopoiesis represents a feature of our research. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are undifferentiated cells, located in bone marrow, with unique abilities of self-renewal and differentiation (production of white cells, red blood cells and platelets).The process of hematopoiesis often exhibits abnormalities causing hematological diseases. In modelling Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), a frequent hematological disease, we represent hematopoiesis of normal and leukemic cells by means of ordinary differential equations (ODE). Homeostasis of normal and leukemic cells are supposed to be different and depend on some lines of normal and leukemic HSC. We analyze the global dynamics of the model to obtain the conditions for regeneration of hematopoiesis and persistence of CML. We prove as well that normal and leukemic cells can not coexist for a long time. Imatinib is the main treatment of CML, with posology varying from 400 to 1000 mg per day. Some affected individuals respond to therapy with various levels being hematologic, cytogenetic and molecular. Therapy fails in two cases: the patient takes a long time to react, then suboptimal response occurs; or the patient resists after an initial response. Determining the optimal dosage required to reduce leukemic cells is another challenge. We approach therapy effects as an optimal control problem to minimize the cost of treatment and the level of leukemic cells. Suboptimal response, resistance and recovery forms are obtained through the influence of imatinib onto the division and mortality rates of leukemic cells. Hematopoiesis can be investigated according to age of cells. An age-structured system, describing the evolution of normal and leukemic HSC shows that the division rate of leukemic HSC plays a crucial role when determining the optimal control. When controlling the growth of cells under interspecific competition within normal and leukemic HSC, we prove that optimal dosage is related to homeostasis of leukemic HSC
Approximation numérique sur maillage cartésien de lois de conservation écoulements compressibles et élasticité non linéaire by Yannick Gorsse( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Dans cette thèse, nous nous intéressons à la simulation numérique d'écoulements compressibles comportant des interfaces. Ces interfaces peuvent séparer un fluide et un solide rigide, deux fluides de lois d'état différentes ou encore un fluide et un solide élastique. Dans un premier temps, nous avons élaboré une méthode de type frontières immergées afin d'imposer une condition de glissement au bord d'un obstacle rigide de manière précise. Nous avons ensuite étudié et validé un schéma de type interface non diffuse pour les écoulements multi-matériaux en vue d'appliquer la méthode de frontières immergées aux solides déformables
Décompositions et Visualisations de graphes applications aux données biologiques by Romain Bourqui( )

1 edition published in 2008 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The amount of information stored in databases is constantly increasing making necessary to develop systems for analysis and visualization. In this thesis, we are interested in relational data and in particular, in biological data. This thesis focuses on three main axes : ?rstly, the decomposition of graph into clusters of" similar" elements in order to detect the community structures ; the second aspect is to highlight these structures in a visualization system; and thirdly, we are interested in the usability of one of these visualization systems through an experimental evaluation. The work presented in this thesis was applied on real data from two ?elds of biology : the metabolic networks and the gene-protein interaction networks
Développement de compteurs à scintillation hautes performances et de très basse radioactivité pour le calorimètre du projet SuperNEMO by Emmanuel Chauveau( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

SuperNEMO est un projet de détecteur de nouvelle génération pour la recherche de la décroissance double bêta sans émission de neutrinos. La technique expérimental déployée est dans la lignée du son prédécesseur NEMO3, combinant un trajectographe et un calorimètre, afin d'identifier non seulement les électrons des décroissances double bêta, mais également pour mesurer l'ensemble des composantes de bruit de fond du détecteur. Le projet vise ainsi une sensibilité de 10^26 ans sur la période du 82Se, ce qui permettrait de sonder une masse effective du neutrino de 50 meV. Pour atteindre cette sensibilité, le projet prévoit notamment de mettre en place un calorimètre composé d'un millier de compteur à scintillation de basse radioactivité, dont la résolution en énergie serait meilleure que 8 % FWHM pour des électrons de 1 MeV.Ce travail de thèse apporte une contribution importante dans les travaux de Recherche et Développements pour améliorer les performances des scintillateurs et photomultiplicateurs, et pour réduire leur radioactivité, avec notamment la conception d'un nouveau photomultiplicateur en collaboration avec Photonis
Les systèmes cognitifs dans les réseaux autonomes une méthode d'apprentissage distribué et collaboratif situé dans le plan de connaissance pour l'auto-adaptation by Massa Mbaye( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

One of the major challenges for decades to come, in the field of information technologies and the communication, is realization of autonomic paradigm. It aims to enable network equipments to self-manage, enable them to self-configure, self-optimize, self-protect and self-heal according to high-level objectives of their designers. Major architectures of autonomic networking are based on closed control loop allowing self-adapting (self-configuring and self-optimizing) of the network equipment according to the events which arise on their environment. Knowledge plane is one approach, very emphasis these last years by researchers, which suggests the use of the cognitive systems (machine learning and the reasoning) to realize closed control loop. However, although the major autonomic architectures integrate machine learning modules as functional block, few researches are really interested in the contents of these blocks. It is in this context that we made a study on the potential contribution machine learning and proposed a method of distributed and collaborative machine learning. We propose a formalization self-adapting problem in term of learning configuration strategies (state-actions) problem. This formalization allows us to define a strategies machine learning method for self-adapting which is based on the history observed transitions and uses inductive logic programming to discover new strategies from those already discovered. We defined, also a knowledge sharing algorithm which makes network components collaborate to improve learning process. Finally, we tested our approach in DiffServ context and showed its transposition on multimedia streaming in 802.11 wireless networks
Analysis, structure and organization of complex networks by Faraz Zaidi( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Network science has emerged as a fundamental field of study to model many physicaland real world systems around us. The discovery of small world and scale free propertiesof these real world networks has revolutionized the way we study, analyze, model andprocess these networks. In this thesis, we are interested in the study of networks havingthese properties often termed as complex networks. In our opinion, research conducted inthis field can be grouped into four categories, Analysis, Structure, Processes-Organizationand Visualization. We address problems pertaining to each of these categories throughoutthis thesis. (...)
Dépendances fonctionnelles extraction et exploitation by Eve Garnaud( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Les dépendances fonctionnelles fournissent une information sémantique sur les données d'une table en mettant en lumière les liens de corrélation qui les unient. Dans cette thèse, nous traitons du problème de l'extraction de ces dépendances en proposant un contexte unifié permettant la découverte de n'importe quel type de dépendances fonctionnelles (dépendances de clé, dépendances fonctionnelles conditionnelles, que la validité soit complète ou approximative). Notre algorithme, ParaCoDe, s'exécute en parallèle sur les candidats, réduisant ainsi le temps global de calcul. De ce fait, il est très compétitif vis-à-vis des approches séquentielles connues à ce jour. Les dépendances satisfaites sur une table nous servent à résoudre le problème de la matérialisation partielle du cube de données. Nous présentons une caractérisation de la solution optimale dans laquelle le coût de chaque requête est borné par un seuil de performance fixé préalablement et dont la taille est minimale. Cette spécification de la solution donne un cadre unique pour décrire et donc comparer formellement les techniques de résumé de cubes de données
Estimation non paramétrique pour les processus markoviens déterministes par morceaux by Romain Azas( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Piecewise-deterministic Markov processes (PDMP's) have been introduced by M.H.A. Davis as a general family of non-diffusion stochastic models, involving deterministic motion punctuated by random jumps at random times. In this thesis, we propose and analyze nonparametric estimation methods for both the features governing the randomness of such a process. More precisely, we present estimators of the conditional density of the inter-jumping times and of the transition kernel for a PDMP observed within a long time interval. We establish some convergence results for both the proposed estimators. In addition, numerical simulations illustrate our theoretical results. Furthermore, we propose an estimator for the jump rate of a nonhomogeneous renewal process and a numerical approximation method based on optimal quantization for a semiparametric regression model
Polynominalité des coefficients de structures des algèbres de doubles-classes by Omar Tout( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

On étudie dans cette thèse les coefficients de structure et particulièrement leurs dépendancesen n dans le cadre d'une suite des algèbres de doubles-classes. Le premier chapitre est dédié à l'étude des coefficients de structure dans le cas général des centres d'algèbres de groupes finis et des algèbres de doubles-classes. On rappelle dans ce chapitre la théorie des représentationsdes groupes finiset son lien avec les coefficients de structure. On montre que l'étude des coefficients de structure des algèbres de doubles-classes est reliéeà la théorie des paires de Gelfand et auxfonctions sphériques zonales en donnant un théorème similaireà celui de Frobenius. Ce théorème exprime les coefficients de structure d'une algèbre de doubles-classes associée à une paire de Gelfand en fonction des fonctions sphériques zonales. Dans le deuxième chapitre, on rappellele théorème de Farahat et Higmann autour de la propriété de polynomialité des coefficients de structure du centre de l'algèbre du groupe symétriqueainsi que la preuve d'Ivanov et Kerov. On donne une preuvecombinatoire pour lapropriété de polynomialité des coefficients de structure de l'algèbre de Hecke de la paire (S2n, Bn) dans le troisième chapitre. On utilise dans notre preuve une algèbre universelle qui se projette sur l'algèbre de Hecke de la paire (S2n, Bn) pour tout n. On montre aussi que cette algèbre universelle est isomorphe à l'algèbre fonctions symétriques décalées d'ordre 2. Dans le dernier chapitre on présente un cadre général pour la forme des coefficients de structure dans le cas d'une suite des algèbres de doubles-classes.Ce cadre regroupe les propriétés de polynomialité des coefficients de structure du centre de l'algèbre du groupe symétrique et de l'algèbre de Hecke de la paire (S2n, Bn).De plus, on donne des propriétés de polynomialité pour les coefficients de structure du centre de l'algèbre du groupe hypéroctaédral et de l'algèbre de doubles-classes de diag (Sn-1) dans Sn x Sopp n-1
 
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Associated Subjects
Alternative Names
cole doctorale 039

cole doctorale 39

cole doctorale de Mathmatiques et Informatique (Talence ; Gironde)

cole doctorale Mathmatiques et Informatique (Bordeaux)

cole doctorale Mathmatiques et Informatique (Talence ; Gironde)

ED 039

ED 39

ED039

ED39

Mathmatiques et Informatique (Bordeaux)

Mathmatiques et Informatique (Talence ; Gironde)

Universit Bordeaux I. UFR de Mathmatiques et Informatique

Universit de Bordeaux 1. cole doctorale de Mathmatiques et Informatique

Universit de Bordeaux. cole doctorale de Mathmatiques et Informatique

Universit de Bordeaux I, cole doctorale de mathmatiques et informatique

Languages
French (20)

English (3)