WorldCat Identities

Marten, Tobias

Works: 8 works in 9 publications in 2 languages and 10 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Tobias Marten
Theoretical Considerations of Local Environment Effects in Alloys by Tobias Marten( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis is devoted to a theoretical study of local environment effects in alloys. A fundamental property of a disordered system is that all chemically equivalent atoms are different due to their different chemical environments, in contrast to an ideal periodic solid where all the atoms that occupy equivalent positions in the crystal have exactly the same physical properties. The local environment effects have been largely ignored in earlier theories of disordered systems, that is the system has been treated as a whole and average properties have been derived. Moreover, inhomogeneous systems, such as surfaces and interfaces, induce local environment effects that are not necessarily present in the bulk. The importance and presence of local environment effects are illustrated by calculating observable physical properties in various systems. In particular, by employing the complete screening picture the effects of local environments on the core-level binding energy shifts as well as Auger shifts in random alloys are in- vestigated. This so-called disorder broadening effect has recently been observed experimentally. It is shown that there are different contributions to the disorder broadening that vary with the local chemical environment. Furthermore, the influ- ence of inhomogeneous lattice distortions on the disorder broadening of the core- level photoemission spectra are considered for systems with large size-mismatch between the alloy components. The effects of local chemical environments on physical properties in magnetic systems are illuminated. A noticeable variation in the electronic structure, local magnetic moments and exchange parameters at different sites is obtained. This reflects the sensitivity to different chemical environments and it is shown to be of qualitative importance in the vicinity of magnetic instability. The local environment effects due to the presence of surfaces and interfaces are also considered. The effect is explicitly studied by considering the concentration profile of a thin Ag-Pd film deposited on a Ru substrate. Two computational approaches are utilized to calculate the relative composition in each layer of the thin film as a function of temperature in a theoretically consistent way. It is shown that, opposed to the situation in the bulk, where a complete solubility between Ag and Pd takes place, a non-uniform distribution of the alloy components across the film is observed. In another study it is investigated whether the presence of TiN interfaces changes the dynamical and thermodynamic stability of B1 SiN. Phonon calcula- tions show that TiN interfaces have a stabilization effect on the lattice dynamics. On the other hand, calculations of the Si vacancy formation energy show that the structures are unstable with respect to composition variations
Comparison of thermodynamic properties of cubic Cr 1-x Al x N and Ti 1-x Al x N from first-principles calculations by Björn Alling( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In order to investigate the stability of the cubic phase of Cr 1− x Al x N at high AlN content, first principles calculations of magnetic properties, lattice parameters, electronic structure, and mixing enthalpies of the system were performed. The mixing enthalpy was calculated on a fine concentration mesh to make possible the accurate determination of its second concentration derivative. The results are compared to calculations performed for the related compound Ti 1− x Al x N and with experiments. The mixing enthalpy is discussed in the context of isostructural spinodal decomposition. It is shown that the magnetism is the key to understand the difference between the Cr- and Ti-containing systems. Cr 1− x Al x N turns out to be more stable against spinodal decomposition than Ti 1− x Al x N , especially for AlN-rich samples which are of interest in cutting tools applications
Interface core-level shifts as a probe of embedded thin-film quality by Weine Olovsson( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We use first-principles calculations of layer-resolved core-level binding energy shifts (CLSs) within density functional theory as away to characterize the interface quality and thickness in embedded thin-film nanomaterials. A closer study of interfaces is motivated as properties specific to nanostructures can be related directly to the interface environment or indirectly as interference effects due to quantum confinement. From an analysis based on the Cu 2p(3/2) CLS for Cu embedded in Ni and Co fcc (100) and Fe bcc (100), with the interfaces represented by intermixing profiles controlled by a single parameter, we evaluate layer-resolved shifts as a probe of the thin-film quality. The core-level shifts in the corresponding disordered alloys, as well as local environment effects, are studied for comparison. We also discuss the possibility of detecting interface states by means of core-level shift measurements
Single-monolayer SiN x embedded in TiN a first-principles study by Tobias Marten( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The dynamical and thermodynamic stability of a single monolayer of SiNx sandwiched isostructurally between B1-TiN(001) and (111) oriented slabs are investigated by means of density functional theory. Possible dynamical stabilization of the (001) interface, by distortion of the Si-N bonds, is considered and found to almost, but not completely, remove the phonon instabilities. The (111) interface on the other hand is found to be dynamically stable. We furthermore relax the stoichiometry degree of freedom by allowing for Si vacancies in the lattice and show that the ideal 1:1 SiN stoichiometry in both interfaces are thermodynamically unstable with respect to Si vacancy formation regardless if the system is grown under nitrogen-rich or nitrogen-poor conditions, and therefore ruling out its relevance for performance of real materials
Effect of magnetic disorder and strong electron correlations on the thermodynamics of CrN by Björn Alling( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Two different methods for the modeling of a magnetically disordered CrN stateusing a supercell approach are investigated. They are found to give equivalentresults of the total energy, being also similar to results obtained with an effectivemedium approach. Furthermore, CrN is shown to be better described using aLDA+U framework for the treatment of electron-electron correlations as comparedto GGA or LDA calculations. Modeling the cubic paramagnetic phase with ourmodels for magnetic disorder and considering the strong electron correlations, thetemperature and pressure induced phase transitions in CrN can be explained
First-principles study of the SiNx/TiN(001) interface by Tobias Marten( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The structure of the SiNx tissue phase in superhard TiN/SiNx nanocomposites has been debated in the literature. We present a theoretical investigation of the possibility of crystalline and coherent (001) interfaces that satisfies the two necessary criteria, stability with respect to lattice vibrations as well as to variations in stoichiometry. It is found that one monolayer of Si tetrahedrally coordinated by N in a B3-like geometry embedded between B1-TiN(001) surfaces is both dynamically stable and thermodynamically stable with respect to vacancy formation. However, with increasing layer thickness the B3-type structure becomes unstable with respect to Si vacancy formation. Instead we suggest that a tetragonal D0(22)-like order of Si vacancies can stabilize the interface. These structures are in line with the experimental findings of the crystalline tissue phase which has coherent interfaces with TiN
First principle calculations of core-level binding energy and Auger kinetic energy shifts in metallic solids by Weine Olovsson( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We present a brief overview of recent theoretical studies of the core-level binding energy shift (CLS) in solid metallic materials. The focus is on first principles calculations using the complete screening picture, which incorporates the initial (ground state) and final (core-ionized) state contributions of the electron photoemission process in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), all within density functional theory (DFT). Considering substitutionally disordered binary alloys, we demonstrate that on the one hand CLS depend on average conditions, such as volume and overall composition, while on the other hand they are sensitive to the specific local atomic environment. The possibility of employing layer resolved shifts as a tool for characterizing interface quality in fully embedded thin films is also discussed, with examples for CuNi systems. An extension of the complete screening picture to core-core-core Auger transitions is given, and new results for the influence of local environment effects on Auger kinetic energy shifts in fcc AgPd are presented
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