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Rousseau, Alice (1993-....).

Works: 1 works in 2 publications in 1 language and 3 library holdings
Roles: Author
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Most widely held works by Alice Rousseau
Fondements épistémologiques de la notion de CNEP by Alice Rousseau( )

2 editions published in 2020 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ppsychogenic non epiletique seizure (PNES) is an essentially descriptive nosological entity : it is described as a brutal change of sensations, of perceptions or of the level of consciousness. lts appearance reminds of epileptic seizure but it is not associated with epileptic electrophysiologic phenomenon. These crises predominantly concerns women and they are significantly associated with a psychotraumatic background. Contemporain clinicians agree with the fact that they fall under an unconscious dissociative process and it is shown that their triggering is correlated with an intense emotional experience. Such a clinical pic ture is found in medical wri tings that date back to antiqui ty : the uterine suffocation of Hippocrate, thereafter named hysteria, but it is also found under the name of epilepsia. However, even if the medical discourse has had many reversals that make discondinuous the nosological concepts of hysteria and PNES, their clinical descriptions as well as sorne etiological intuitions remainded remarkably similar. We propose to do a two main strands analysis of the advent of the concept of PNES : one semantic (by dividing the terms { Psychogenic }, {non epileptic} and { seizure }), and one clinical, by researching historical clinical writings that are close to the current definition of PNES. ln this research work, we demonstrate how epistemological movements evolve over centuries, repeating the same cycles,sometimes on the side of a neuroscientist positivism, sometimes on the side of a psychodynamic subjectivism. We identify the main points of divergences between those two poles and how it influences the practice, based on a clinical case
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French (2)