WorldCat Identities

Puma, Sébastien

Overview
Works: 2 works in 2 publications in 2 languages and 3 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Sébastien Puma
Cognitive Load Theory and Time Considerations: Using the Time-Based Resource Sharing Model by Sébastien Puma( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Optimisation des apprentissages : modèles et mesures de la charge cognitive by Sébastien Puma( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Learning allows you to gain the necessary knowledge to adapt to the world. Cognitive load theory takes into consideration cognitive resources invested during school learning. However, two main limitations can be identified: a theoretical one and a methodological one. From a theoretical perspective, CLT invoke working memory (WM) to describe the cognitive resources used during learning and these models do not take time into account. The other limit is related to methodology: CLT doesn't offer measures of cognitive load either reliable or dynamic.Taking into consideration these limitations, we suggest the use of physiological measurement and a new WM model: the TBRS (Time Based Resource Sharing). Physiological measurement is a mean to analyze the temporal variations implied by the cognitive load while TBRS model takes the temporal variation of the attentional focus allocation into account. However, the TBRS has not yet been used with meaningful items, which could be gathered into chunks. Thus, the aim of the present work is to study the benefits of using physiological measurement and the TBRS model with CLT.To address the question of cognitive load measurement, a first experiment used a task included in the ENAC's (École Nationale d'Aviation Civile) recruitment selection process. During the experiment, cerebral activity (EEG) and eye movements (Eye-tracking) were recorded. Another series of four experiments stressed the question of the use of the TBRS model in CLT. They began by replicating a previous study using the TBRS model (exp. 2 & 3), replacing items to be held in memory by items which could be chunked. The other two experiments extended these results. Finally a sixth experiment used physiological measures to assess cognitive load variations while participants performed a protocol similar to the previous experiments.Results from these six experiments show that TBRS model and physiological measurement are consistent with CLT and also complete its findings
 
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