WorldCat Identities

Ecole doctorale Littératures françaises et comparées (Paris)

Works: 152 works in 158 publications in 1 language and 166 library holdings
Genres: History  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: 996, Degree grantor
Classifications: BS580.S48, 500
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Ecole doctorale Littératures françaises et comparées (Paris)
Le théâtre espagnol de Lesage by Sylvie de Maussion de Favières( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le Traître Puni and Don Félix de Mendoce, in their translated versions of 1700, and Le Point d'Honneur and Don Cesar Ursin, in their adaptations of 1702 and 1707, constitute the first significant corpus of Lesage's works. By focusing his study in the early 1700's on the comedias of the Golden Century (Lope de Vega's Guardar y Guardarse, Calderón's Peor Está Que Estaba, and Rojas Zorilla's La Traición Busca El Castigo and No Hay Amigo Para Amigo), Lesage's choice is quite deliberate. He lucidly selects an outmoded genre to better seat his ambitious enterprise of renewal of French theatre based on a well-reasoned synthesis of French and Spanish successes. Finding its roots in a didactic project that he clearly expresses in the preface of 1700, this theatre remains above all that of a practitioner in tune with the evolution of public taste and litterary forms, who builds his adaptation technique through practice. The collation of the 1700 and 1739 editions, the discovery and exploitation of unpublished manuscripts - from the first Point d'Honneur to L'Arbitre des différends, bring forth the successive returns to an already secondhand text, to better adapt to the different competing theatres of the time. Palimpsest in nature and vocation, Lesage's writing, always playful in style, is also essentially critic. Every influence is systematically examined, dissected: directions are explored, others shunned, leading to a solidly original style. Hommage is paid rather obliquely, often willfully playing with parody. The publication of this first theatre invites the reader to discover forgotten texts, towards a deeper understanding of Lesage
La reine de Saba des traditions au mythe littéraire by Aurélia Hetzel( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Queen of Sheba plays an important role in the traditions of the three monotheist religions as well as in literature and arts. The paths that take us from the religious texts to the literary myth show the various figures that she embodies, from wisdom to lust. The exploration of the types of intertextual relationships and of the relationships between arts, reveals the variations undergone since the initial scenario, the persistent aspects of the myth, as well as the way in which the mythical potential of the founding texts operates in the structure and the literacy of the texts. The analysis of the modalities of appearance of the Queen of Sheba allows us to consider works as relays, circumlocutions and variations, and reveals that in the imagination the queen of Sheba is an ideal model and her myth is an exemplary story
De fleurs, d'or, de lait, de miel : les images mariames dans les collections miraculaires romanes du XIII ème siècle by Marie-Laure Savoye( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Miracles of the Virgin tell the story of encounters between human beings and the saint, and in the telling the encounter is shared with the community of those whose access to the experience is via reading. In the initial experience as well as in its subsequent re-telling in poetic form, vision, or more precisely the visio corporalis, the visio spiritalis and the visio intellectualis, as defined by St Augustine, has an important role to play. The dividing line between these three levels is a shifting one, but it is possible to see them as corresponding to three types of image associated with the Virgin: those pertaining to her worship, to her visionary appearances, and to epithets used as replacements for her name. All three are necessary components in the portrayal of a heroine whose perfection can be celebrated only in the exuberance of the spoken word and in its variety. The present study analyses the respective contribution of each of these three types of vision by focusing on three clusters of metaphors: flowers (of the fields or of rhetoric), gold (both a regal and a divine attribute), and milk (emblematic of the maternal). It shows how these three combine together to produce a relationship of sweetness and joy which is the counterpart to the joi celebrated in the lyrics of courtly love
L'orientalisme français et la littérature tunisienne francophone : relations et influences by Linda Beji( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'orientalisme français et la littérature tunisienne francophone sont l'expression des relations socioculturelles et politico-économiques entre la France et la Tunisie. Au XIXe siècle et au début du XXe, une attirance mutuelle lie ces deux pays : la France aime l'exotisme de la Tunisie et celle-ci, la modernité des Français. Les œuvres littéraires et picturales sont les témoignages de cet intérêt réciproque. Mais, l'instauration du régime colonial modifie cette relation : l'image de l'autre change, il devient l'ennemi. On assiste alors à une prolifération de stéréotypes chez les Français et à un repli identitaire chez les Tunisiens. Après l'Indépendance, en France, les rapatriés français et les immigrés tunisiens connaissent un même mal-être : le rejet à cause de la différence. Une intégration totale et/ou un communautarisme sont alors les conséquences de cette exclusion. En Tunisie, le gouvernement occidentalisé déçoit le peuple : les Tunisiens sont tiraillés entre tradition et modernité, rêve et réalité. La littérature est un moyen privilégié pour exprimer la désillusion, les critiques, la quête identitaire. Les relations franco-tunisiennes sont soumises aux aléas de l'Histoire et des passions humaines, elles n'en demeurent pas moins, aujourd'hui, amicales
Le dialogue scientifique au XVIIIème siècle postérité de Fontenelle et vulgarisation des sciences by Fabrice Chassot( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During the first eighteenth century, in France, scientific dialogue was the best way to popularize science. Fontenelle's On the plurality of worlds was mostly imitated, but the dialogue became more and more didactic. As Pluche's "Spectacle de la nature" shows, dialogue proved to be very useful for imposing an pious vision of the world. At the other side, Diderot's "Rêve de d'Alambert" puts forward a materialist vision of the world. In fact, dialogue has less an educational value tha a propagandist one. Beyond differences between dialogue writers, it has mostly contributed to spread the Enlightenment
L'archive du "Coup de dés" étude critique de la réception de "Un coup de Dés jamais n'abolira le Hasard" de Stéphane Mallarmé (1897-2007) by Thierry Roger( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work, which intends to break with a fairly intuitive vision "effect of Un Coup de dés" in the twentieth century, seeks to establish his "archive", according to a dual perspective : that of "archivistic" on the one hand, which leeds us to identify positive references to the poem, between 1897 and 2007, mainly in french, that of the "archaeology" on the other hand, which involves the interpretations' interpretations. After an overview of the immediate reception, we describe the gradual process of text institutionalization, through the various "speech" that have been held (first part). Then, to illustrate the multifaceted dimension of this reception, this work deals with differents transpositions of the poem outside the realm of poetry : image, stage, music, theory, and philosophy. We describe then "practices", which have shed light on the particularity of the poem, while being informed by him. Before concluding, we outline the proper literary legacy of Un Coup de dés - the formal rewrites - by addressing the query of genre (second part). The research concludes with a critical assessment highlighting the major interpretation's conflicts, while showing the double dimension of the text, both aporetical and epiphanic
Les pensées de Pascal dans la tradition apologétique by Alexander Chistyakov( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse examine, dans leur rapport aux Pensées de Pascal, deux ensembles de l'apologétique chrétienne, chacun dans sa quasi-totalité : les auteurs grecs et latins jusqu'à 450 et les auteurs français de la fin du XVIe siècle jusqu'à Pascal (1662). L'hypothèse initiale était que la fragmentation des Pensées pouvait avoir des modèles littéraires dans l'époque où naquit la polémique des philosophes contre le christianisme. La recherche porte sur les formes littéraires des apologies en considération de leur parenté avec les Pensées en discontinuité, en disposition, et, à titre secondaire, en inventaire d'arguments principaux. Il s'avère que les Pensées héritent de la première apologétique leurs particularités formelles, ainsi que leur thématique. Pour les modèles d'apologies antiques fragmentaires, nous avons relevé les Stromates de Clément d'Alexandrie et les Sentences de Sixte. Nous n'avons pas trouvé de modèles des Pensées au XVIIe siècle, mais avons constaté que l'apologie de Pascal a beaucoup en commun sur le plan du contenu avec les écrits des apologistes du même siècle. Nous avons aussi conclu que ce qu'on entend par emprunts ou lectures de Pascal dans ses précurseurs immédiats, peut appartenir à la tradition apologétique maintenue par une multitude d'écrivains insuffisamment connus, parmi lesquels il est impossible de déterminer l'auteur d'une sentence donnée. Ainsi la discontinuité des Pensées, défaut aux yeux des contemporains et originalité qui détermine leur succès postérieur, est due au choix conscient de Pascal en faveur de l'apologétique des Pères de l'Église, choix qui s'inscrit dans le retour aux sources du catholicisme de la Contre-Réforme
Fénélon et le rhétorique de la direction spirituelle au XVII ème siècle by Pauline Chaduc( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fénelon was one of the most famous spiritual guides of his time. A large part of his work, letters and discussions, are dedicated to this ministry. For him spiritual guidance is an art of government, which means rhetoric based on adaptation and pedagogy of order. It is also an art of dialogue where ethics and spiritual principles articulate with pragmatic imperatives. This rhetoric aims to lead men to a clear vision of themselves in order to unite with God
Les derniers feux de la tragedie classique étude du genre tragique en France sous la Restauration et la Monarchie de Juillet by Maurizio Melai( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study concerns the practice of the genre of classical tragedy in the nineteenth century, particularly during the Restoration and the July Monarchy. It focuses on the last developments of tragedy in France and documents the evolution and the progressive decline of this genre during the first half of the nineteenth century; that is until its disappearance from French theatres, which took place around 1850. By considering a corpus of eighty plays, this work aims to give a clear picture of the tragic genre and tragic authors of the Restoration and the July Monarchy, or more exactly of the forty years from 1814 to 1854. This work is conceived as the study of a literary code and is divided into two parts: in the first part, we try to define the tragic code of the post-Napoleonic era on the basis of the formal constants which characterise it, showing the evolution of the stylistic, structural and dramaturgic features of tragedy. In the second part, we look at the thematic constants of this code, studying the strategies that tragedy uses to transpose - through the historical and highly allusive subjects that it treats - the principal social and political problems of its time. Finally, by showing the continuity which exists between the declining tragic genre and the romantic drama, we try to valorise the texts in our corpus and to underline their modern features. This leads us to look for the reasons behind the persistence of a traditional genre like the classical tragedy and for the factors which revitalise it in the nineteenth century
Fin de l'idylle ? étude sur les formes et les significations de l'idylle dans la littérature française du dix-neuvième siècle by Violaine Boneu( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Au carrefour de la théorie des genres, de l'histoire littéraire et de l'herméneutique, ce travail entreprend de repenser le statut de l'idylle dans la littérature française du XIXe siècle. Allant à l'encontre du lieu commun selon lequel l'idylle ne serait plus, après André Chénier, qu'un genre figé dans des clichés définitivement anachroniques, il propose quelques outils conceptuels permettant d'analyser la dynamique actuelle des formes et des significations de l'idylle. La notion articule, au XIXe siècle, trois logiques majeures : une logique rhétorique, qui inscrit l'idylle dans une poétique des genres ; une logique historico-philosophique, qui, depuis le XVIIIe siècle, envisage l'idylle comme un mythe de l'origine et une figuration de l'Idéal ; une logique psychologique, enfin, issue de la révolution Romantique, qui définit l'idylle en termes d'illusion, de fantasme ou de rêve. Du fait même de cette complexité, l'idylle est un point d'observation privilégié des grandes mutations de la modernité. En brossant un panorama général des évolutions du genre au XIXe siècle et en interrogeant les références explicites à l'idylle dans certaines œuvres poétiques et romanesques majeures de Nerval, Hugo, Baudelaire, Mallarmé, Balzac et Zola, cet ouvrage propose un point de vue nouveau sur la crise de la subjectivité, sur la crise de la représentation littéraire et sur la redéfinition du traditionnel partage entre prose et poésie
Le lieu, l'histoire, le sang : l'hispanité des musulmans d'Espagne dans les littératures arabe, espagnole et française (15ème - 17ème siècles) by Émilie Picherot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'hispanité des musulmans d'Espagne est au centre d'un débat récurrent sur l'identité collective des Espagnols. En faisant de la présence politique des musulmans une parenthèse historique de huit siècles, le romancero les exclut non seulement de l'espace péninsulaire mais aussi de l'hispanité elle-même, il annonce ainsi l'expulsion définitive des Morisques de 1609. Un autre discours est pourtant développé durant le siècle qui suit 1492 ; les littératures hispano-arabe et aljamiada mais aussi parfois castillane en témoignent. Le roman hispano-mauresque français, un siècle plus tard, reprend le personnage du musulman d'Espagne qui devient le support d'une hispanité fantasmée qui se définit par les contacts avec le monde arabo-musulman via la Méditerranée. Le Maure de Grenade est alors un modèle littéraire qui fournit à l'Europe une représentation positive du monde arabo-musulman. Idéalisé, tolérant et généreux, le Moro n'est plus simplement un Espagnol, il est le support d'une réflexion sur la mixité religieuse et sur l'attachement collectif au lieu
La construction et les fonctions de l'intrigue chez le théatre de Jean Anouilh by Yan Zhang( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Le siècle dernier et notre siècle connaissent un nouvel intérêt pour l'intrigue. L'intrigue, se rapportant non seulement aux événements, mais aussi à leur structuration, à leur superposition et à leur ordonnance, est en fait une perception du monde. En outre, mettre en intrigue, c'est se mettre en intrigue, c'est entrer en relation avec l'Autre. Impliquant par elle-même la liaison, l'implication et l'intrication, l'intrigue nous sert également à examiner la relation entretenue par le sujet à l'égard de soi-même et de l'Autre. Il devient donc possible de mettre en rapport l'intrigue et le temps vécu, l'intrigue et l'existence. La thèse analyse la construction et les fonctions de l'intrigue chez le théâtre de Jean Anouilh sous les perspectives historique, poétique et anthropologique. Replacer Jean Anouilh dans son époque et prendre la pièce bien faite comme point de repère nous aident à découvrir la valeur et le poids de la tradition ainsi que les caractéristiques dramaturgiques de l'œuvre anouilhienne. Repérer les liens existant entre la façon de construire l'intrigue et la vision théâtrale de l'auteur, qui considère le théâtre comme un jeu de l'esprit, poétique et artificiel, ouvre la possibilité de dévoiler comment l'auteur, avec l'artifice, la fantaisie et le jeu dans le jeu, joue avec le jeu, afin d'affirmer ce qu'est le théâtre et à quoi il nous est utile. Hormis la construction de l'intrigue, les fonctions de l'intrigue nous permettent enfin de sonder les tensions existentielles qui animent ce théâtre spécifique
La mélancolie en français : édition commentée du "Discours des maladies mélancoliques" d'André Du Laurens (1594) by Radu Suciu( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

It is in 1594 that André Du Laurens (1558-1609), professor at Montpellier University and future physician to Henri IV first published his Discours de la conservation de la vue, des maladies mélancoliques, des catarrhes et de la vieillesse. The Discours des maladies mélancoliques [A Discourse of Melancholic Diseases], which forms part of this volume, is the first medical guide book on melancholy written directly in French. Appearing at the end of the Renaissance, it synthesizes fifteen centuries of medical and moral knowledge on the treatment of the dreaded and yet illusory black bile, thought to be at the origin of numerous fears, sorrows, dementia and suicide attempts. It also represents the French source of (and counterpart to) Robert Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy, which was to be published only three decades later (1621). Du Laurens' work brings together odd and often hilarious pathological descriptions with improbable therapies and prescriptions in a language which is easy to understand, and far removed from the complex medical jargon. Reprinted throughout the 17th century, but forgotten thereafter, we now present the modern reader with this unusual medical treatise from the prehistory of psychopathology, a text that will help us better grasp and understand the long genealogy of all our sorrows and modern melancholies
Fins tragiques : poétique et éthique du dénouement dans la tragédie pré-moderne en Italie, en France et en Espagne by Enrica Zanin( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The poetics of early modern denouement in Italian, Spanish and French tragedies implies an ethical issue. The ending of the plot is the expected climax which reveals the meaning and the moral of the story. The aim of the tragic denouement is twofold: it concludes the play and it reverses the hero's fate. In order to conclude the tragedy, the denouement restores a moral balance; in order to reverse the plot, it gives rise to a pathetic excess. Two divergent theoretical models underlie this dual requirement: the logic of exemplarity and the poetics of pathos. I propose to examine the strategies displayed by theorists and dramatists in order to bring together these two theoretical models. I therefore consider the three main features of the denouement (its direction, mode and structure) and the ethical issues to which they give rise (the sequence of causality, the tragic flaw and its atonement). The conciliation between exemplarity and pathos proves an impossibility: Italian, Spanish and French tragedy, despite their differences, denounce the logic of exemplarity as inadequate and unfit to justify, through the expression of a theoretical rule, the experience of misfortune, injustice and chaos. The tragic denouement leads the spectator to a hermeneutic deciphering that may uncover the reasons for the hero's inexplicable misfortunes
Savoir par cœur : enjeux de la mémorisation des textes pour les études littéraires by Fabrice Nowak( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Why would it be worthwhile for literary studies to reintroduce learning by heart of literary texts? Learning by heart now appears to be an old-fashioned method, only practiced by nostalgic, reactionary teachers. It has been criticized for its lesser learning efficiency and velocity as compared to what technology has made available for fewer efforts. Another reason why it has been condemned is that it would impede the development of intelligence, as it is thought to be a parrot-like, mechanical exercise requiring very little understanding or critical thinking. These seemingly well-founded criticisms are, we argue, the product of three logics - or thoughts - dominating the Western thought, namely: the materialist thought, the mercantile logic, and the logic of the domination of the masculine over the feminine. Our beliefs and outlines of thought are so imbued with these three principles, that we are reluctant to depart from their influences to think. In this dissertation, we confront the three above-mentioned logics to the "learning-by-heart" issue. By questioning their presuppositions and shedding light on some of their flaws, we find out that learning by heart, depending on how it is carried out, helps revitalize literary studies
Le roman romain : généalogie d'un genre français by Donatien Grau( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis aims to address the emergence and the development in French literature of a whole new genre, from the beginning of the 19th until the end of the 20th century: the contemporaneous Roman-themed novel. Dealing not with the stability of the Ancient City, its ruins and its monuments, but with the shifting urban and human landscape of the time, it disrupts the tradition of the Grand Tour, which was implicitly based on the notion that no fiction could be invented in the eternal present of Rome, since the perception one could have there was so deeply rooted in the past. By using the novel, writers were simultaneously confronted to the modernity of the medium and to the urban and political modernisation of the city, while the sign of Rome - the myth of the Eternal City - was always present in their mind. Novels set in contemporaneous Rome provided their authors with the possibility to engage with the most crucial issues inherent to the aesthetics and ethics of fiction: the role of belief in modern cultures - in terms of religion and its counterpart, literary fiction; the role of the past in the construction of modernity; the importance of the present in the experience of the past; the meaning of the Ancients at the time of the Moderns. Analysing the forms of the French contemporaneous Roman-themed novel signifies even more than engaging with the portrait of a city: it is a study in the relevance of Western paradigms
L'évolution de la figure littéraire de Ponce Pilate (XIXème-XXIème siècle) by Caroline Perry( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation is dedicated to Pontius Pilate's figure and to his evolution in Western literature (French, English, and Spanish) from the 19th century. The study examines his role in literature under the light of Pierre Brunel's mythocriticism, and analyzes how his portrayal developed over time. From his wake to his rise, Pontius Pilate becomes a real object of interest, a fictional subject on his own. This work concludes that he does not correspond to the actual definition of a myth. Rather, he has some aspects of it and even carries some mythemes of his own such as the symbolic gesture of washing his hands or his wife's glowing presence. Lastly, if Pilate belongs to Jesus of Nazareth's narrative format, he is then a mythical figure, and therefore his partial or even total rehabilitation must necessarily pass through the character's political aspect. Modern writers seek for the man underneath the legend. Between Romanism and Christianity, modern time voices place Pilate against his own humanity
L'Encadrement théâtral une étude de la pratique et de la fonction herméneutique du parathéâtre en France au XVIIe siècle by Arni Lukas Arnason( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Literary studies of theatre have tended to focus on the play itself as though it were the only element of the representation. In reality, however, seventeenth century plays were almost always "framed" by various paratheatrical ornaments such as prologues, epilogues, choruses and intermèdes. Together the play and its complementary encadrements formed a dramatic whole. The purpose of this thesis is twofold. We will first undertake a practical study of each paratheatrical form in order to determine exactly how it was integrated into the performance and what its practical function was perceived to be. We will then analyse the way in which encadrements influence the interpretation of the play. The primary interest of this study is to illustrate the way in which paratheatre is used to direct the spectator's interpretation. We hope to demonstrate the interest of these "frames" as guides left by the authors and actors of the Grand Siècle, helping us to better understand the meaning of dramatic works as they were perceived in their own time
Des secrets à l'œuvre formes et enjeux romanesques du secret dans À la recherche du temps perdu de Marcel Proust by Maya Lavault( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This investigation about the secret in À la recherche du temps perdu attempts to show that the secret, as a fiction theme involving the very structure of the narrative, allows to seize the tense, within Proust's work, between a positivist conception, both of the narration and of the meaning, broadly dependent upon the 19th century models of epistemology, and its questioning, which characterizes the fiction production of the 20th century. The analysis of figures and recurring patterns of the secret, related to the success of this notion in the history of ideas and novel writing forms at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries, shows that Proust's imaginary world in la Recherche is marked by both his own myths and themes inherited from the detective and adventures novel. Then, the analysis of the narrative technique, which gives its enigmatic structure to the novel, makes it possible to identify the "hermeneutic journey" proposed to the reader in the footsteps of the hero-narrator: its dynamic, reflecting the emergence of an evidential paradigm accompanying the renewal of human sciences, is gradually undermined by the emergence of a different logic, based on the indeterminacy of meaning and the multiplicity of viewpoints. Lastly, the analysis of the generic and interpretative "entre-deux" shows that Proust's work proposes an experience of reading which paves the way for a conception of interpretation based on the consideration of the textual virtualities involved by fictional writing
Le plaisir dans À la recherche du temps perdu by Aude Briot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Pleasure appears in various guise in A la Recherche du Temps Perdu. It often directs the characters' lives or serves to define them: the objects and forms of pleasure enjoyed by the characters constitute indirect portraits of them. Pleasure is not only to be observed on an individual level, but can be analysed on the narrative level. Although it is everywhere to be found, it fails to be actually experienced by characters who more often than not reject it into the past or the future, and entertain a very negative vision of it. The senses indeed appear unable to provide pleasure, and only become sources of guilt, disappointment and retribution. Other paths to pleasure must then be discovered, but artificial paradises or perversions fail to yield real pleasure. The Proustian hero ultimately finds it in the world of imagination, especially through literary creation. Paradoxically, it is from the failure of experiencing pleasure that creative power derives
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Alternative Names
Université de Paris 4 (Paris). Ecole doctorale 3

Université de Paris IV (Paris). Ecole doctorale 3

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). Ecole doctorale de littératures françaises et comparées

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). Ecole doctorale III

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). ED19

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). ED3

Université de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris). EDIII

French (26)