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École doctorale Littératures françaises et comparée (Paris)

Works: 223 works in 228 publications in 1 language and 233 library holdings
Roles: 996, Degree grantor
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by École doctorale Littératures françaises et comparée (Paris)
La revue Souffles (1966-1973), espoirs de révolution culturelle au Maroc by Kenza Sefrioui( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The review Souffles (Breaths), created in 1966 by young poets and artists-painters, was the forum of the literary and cultural avant-garde in Morocco, and had an influence throughout the Maghreb and the Third World. It advocated decolonization of culture in a time when the Moroccan independence was considered unfinished and threatened by neocolonialism. Produced by left-wing intellectuals, it was also a forum of indirect opposition which, by means of culture and symbolic values, constituted a reaction to the traditionalist dictatorship imposed by monarchy. Influenced by the ideologies of its time (Third-World tendency and Marxism-Leninism), it became more and more openly political. Souffles, and especially its version in Arabic, Anfâs, was the review of both organizations of the Moroccan Marxist-Leninist movement : Ilal Amam (Forward) and 23 March. After the arrest of its most active editors in 1972, new series were published by the militants in Paris until 1973. Souffles remained in the collective memory as an important date in the literary and political history of Morocco
Les pensées de Pascal dans la tradition apologétique by Alexander Chistyakov( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Our dissertation looks at two corpuses of apologias, both analysed almost in their entirety, in relationship with Pascal's Pensées : they are the Roman and Greek apologists up to 450 AD, and the French seventeenth century apologists (until 1662). We made an assumption that the Pensées' fragmentary form might have had literary models in that period when Christianity began to defend itself against the philosophers' attacks. Our research studies the apologists' literary choices in comparison with Pascal's in view of discontinuity, disposition and, secondarily, content of main arguments. It appears that the Pensées do inherit from the early apologists their literary form as well as their themes. Clement of Alexandria's Stromata and the Sentences of Sextus have emerged as possible sources and specific models of fragmented apologies. No such models were to be found in seventeenth century France, but the substance of Pascal's apology has a lot to do with the works of contemporaries. Is has also become clear that what is generally assumed as borrowed by Pascal from a few contemporaries, belongs in fact to the general apologetic tradition, as maintained by a vast number of insufficiently well-known authors, and cannot be traced back to one apologist in particular. The Pensées' discontinuity, perceived at the time as a flaw and hailed since as unique, and a key to the book's success, stems from Pascal's deliberate decision to follow where the Church Fathers had led, in line with the Contre-Réforme's return to early christian roots
Belles de Jazz. Voix et violence des figures féminines dans le théâtre de Koffi Kwahulé by Fanny Le Guen( )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Koffi Kwahulé est l'héritier d'une culture littéraire, artistique et théâtrale ivoirienne.Exilé en France depuis trente ans, son écriture s'élabore dans une tensiontransatlantique et se veut constitutive d'une mythologie contemporaine, féminine etnoire. L'ambition rhapsodique de cette dramaturgie est de déconstruire, à travers lavoix et la violence de puissantes figures féminines héritées des personnagesarchétypiques du Théâtre Ivoirien, tant le drame classique que les représentationshistoriques et culturelles qui gangrènent les relations internationales. Les figuresféminines en Belles de jazz donnent le tempo à cette dramaturgie qui comme le ThéâtreNoir nord-américain du milieu du siècle dernier, développe une rhétorique du jazz aucoeur de la mythologie de l'auteur
L'enfant protagoniste : Naissance, mouvances et paradoxes d'une figure clé du théâtre contemporain pour la jeunesse en France et en Italie (1959-2015) by Sibylle Lesourd( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le théâtre pour la jeunesse est un théâtre de recherche où se redéfinissent à chaque fois le désir et les modalités d'une rencontre entre des créateurs et un public spécifique. Notre thèse met en lumière la construction historique de ce théâtre en France et en Italie et donne à comprendre les expérimentations menées par les pionniers du domaine. Elle se concentre sur l'apparition d'un nouveau protagoniste du champ théâtral, l'enfant, et cherche à savoir si celui-ci se situe bien au cœur des processus de création. Dans une première partie, nous soulignons le rôle déterminant qu'a joué l'animation théâtrale au tournant des années 1960-1970. De la France à l'Italie, on voit se transmettre l'idée d'une transition naturelle entre expérience artistique avec les jeunes et œuvre dramatique à leur intention ; en identifiant l'enfant comme partenaire possible de la création, l'animation préfigure la naissance de formes esthétiques nouvelles adressées aux jeunes spectateurs. Dans une deuxième partie, nous montrons comment, des années 1980 à nos jours, la recherche artistique s'est cristallisée sur l'enfant spectateur, cible spécifique des metteurs en scène et des dramaturges. Tout en réfléchissant aux conditions de son émancipation, les artistes s'approprient des matériaux textuels parfois inattendus ; un chemin peut se dessiner de l'adaptation à la création. En France, on assiste à l'émergence d'un répertoire dramatique qui appartient aujourd'hui de plein droit à la littérature de jeunesse, tandis que, dans les deux pays, l'enfant personnage conquiert sa place dans les textes et sur les scènes. Une relation spéculaire peut ainsi s'instaurer entre l'enfant spectateur et son double
Entre migrance, "résiliance" et reliance la littérature de jeunesse migrante issue de l'immigration algérienne : un champ exploratoire de l'enfance au profit du contemporain by Anne Schneider( Book )

1 edition published in 2008 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Our study aimes to reveal the existence of a corpus of migrant children's fiction, from the 70' to 2007, of wich most of the texts comme from Algerian immigration. This corpus of 116 titles is composed of fiction and documentaries, comic strips, novels, Cdbooks, theatrical plays. Part One examines this corpus, its authors, and its mains themes, especially those about travel and exile. The concept of migrance stems frome its ties with resilience and alliance. Part two aimes to the question the state of childhood, both from a historical and poetical point of view, and evend down to its innovative illustrations. Part three considers the academic and institutionnal appropriation of this litterature its implication and didactic possibilities
Les derniers feux de la tragédie classique : étude du genre tragique en France sous la Restauration et la Monarchie de Juillet by Maurizio Melai( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study concerns the practice of the genre of classical tragedy in the nineteenth century, particularly during the Restoration and the July Monarchy. It focuses on the last developments of tragedy in France and documents the evolution and the progressive decline of this genre during the first half of the nineteenth century; that is until its disappearance from French theatres, which took place around 1850. By considering a corpus of eighty plays, this work aims to give a clear picture of the tragic genre and tragic authors of the Restoration and the July Monarchy, or more exactly of the forty years from 1814 to 1854. This work is conceived as the study of a literary code and is divided into two parts: in the first part, we try to define the tragic code of the post-Napoleonic era on the basis of the formal constants which characterise it, showing the evolution of the stylistic, structural and dramaturgic features of tragedy. In the second part, we look at the thematic constants of this code, studying the strategies that tragedy uses to transpose - through the historical and highly allusive subjects that it treats - the principal social and political problems of its time. Finally, by showing the continuity which exists between the declining tragic genre and the romantic drama, we try to valorise the texts in our corpus and to underline their modern features. This leads us to look for the reasons behind the persistence of a traditional genre like the classical tragedy and for the factors which revitalise it in the nineteenth century
Claude La Colombière : rhétorique et spiritualité by William P O'Brien( )

2 editions published between 2008 and 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation studies the oratory and polemical writings of Claude La Colombière (1641-1682), Jesuit preacher and chaplain to the Duchess of York. The work presents, for the first time, French translations of the three Latin discourses delivered by La Colombière at the beginning of his career. These speeches are analyzed, in Chapters I and II of the thesis, with regard to their rhetorical structure using the semiotic philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914). Principles drawn from the analysis are then used, in Chapter III, for a synthetic evaluation of the sermons that La Colombière preached in France and in England. The dissertation also reproduces an anonymous polemical text and a response to that text, both dating from 1679, the latter attributed to La Colombière. The response is analyzed, in Chapter IV, in light of the study of his discourses and sermons
Fénélon et le rhétorique de la direction spirituelle au XVII ème siècle by Pauline Chaduc( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fénelon was one of the most famous spiritual guides of his time. A large part of his work, letters and discussions, are dedicated to this ministry. For him spiritual guidance is an art of government, which means rhetoric based on adaptation and pedagogy of order. It is also an art of dialogue where ethics and spiritual principles articulate with pragmatic imperatives. This rhetoric aims to lead men to a clear vision of themselves in order to unite with God
Un duel en figures. Imaginaire héroïque et théâtral dans les ouvrages français consacrés au combat singulier (1568-1658) by Julien Perrier-Chartrand( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

From the second half of the 16th century to the personal reign of Louis XIV, there was an increase in the number of clandestine duels in France. Through this practice, nobility sought to affirm its class identity in reaction to structural and political changes which affected the Old Regime. This proliferation of combats gave rise to a vast production of works dedicated to this very phenomenon. One group of authors attached to aristocratic values tried to persuade the royal authority to re-establish a legal form of duel, similar to what existed in medieval times. It would create, they argued, an official space for the expression of nobiliary honour and would permit the end of the clandestine duels. An opposite group of authors who belonged to the constituted bodies dedicated to the defense of the structures of the State - magistrates and clergymen - proposed rather to inflict grave punishments on the combatants. This thesis will demonstrate, though the analysis of stylistic processes, of intertextual loans and of the system of references employed in these texts, that the reflection on the duel revolves around heroic imagery, used differently by each group of authors in accord with their own interests. Through an ensemble of recurring figures borrowed from fictional literature or fictionalized history - figures which reinforce a series of key-notions at the heart of the intellectual debate on the duel (such as virtue, honour
Les voyages de Maurice Barrès by Jessica Desclaux( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'enjeu de cette étude est de défiger l'image du patriote lorrain enraciné dans sa petite patrie, qui l'emporta dans l'histoire littéraire : à Barrès, défenseur de l'enracinement, répondrait Gide, le voyageur. De 1887 à 1923, Maurice Barrès effectua une quarantaine de voyages à l'étranger. En repartant du chapitre qu'Albert Thibaudet consacra au voyageur dans La Vie de Maurice Barrès, oninterrogea l'hypothèse selon laquelle Barrès se forma un itinéraire esthétique et intellectuel à partir de ses voyages. Contre la dualité diachronique de l'écrivain, qui passa du Culte du Moi au Roman de l'énergie nationale, on dégagea une trajectoire en quatre temps : Barrès se mit à l'école de l'Italie, de l'Espagne, de l'Orient, et, durant la période de définition de son nationalisme, interrogeaparticulièrement la leçon de la Grèce. En plus de considérer le voyage comme un lieu éduquant l'esthète et l'écrivain, on analysa l'instruction apportée par l'étranger à l'homme politique. À cette fin, on fonda la réflexion sur les manuscrits du fonds Barrès de la BnF et on privilégia une approche génétique, qui remette en mouvement l'écrivain. Par l'intermédiaire de Barrès, on entend saisir larenaissance que connut le voyage d'écrivain, sous l'influence du modèle des esthètes anglais, dans le contexte des redécouvertes artistiques et de la montée des tensions internationales
La Légitimité visible. L'usurpation du pouvoir dans le théâtre français du XVIIe siècle (1636-1696) by Ruoting Ding( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Ce présent travail étudie la mobilisation des concepts relatifs à la légitimité et à l'usurpation dans le théâtre français classique, et a pour corpus toutes les pièces (tragédies, tragi-comédies et comédies héroïques) représentant des perturbations étatiques liées à l'usurpation entre 1630 et la fin du XVIIe siècle. Si la mise en scène de bouleversements politiques extraordinaires confère une certaine grandeur à l'œuvre dramatique, elle implique un aspect référentiel qui, surtout dans une France où l'absolutisme s'établit et s'affirme, pourrait conduire à une difficulté. Or, c'est précisément cette problématique qui assure l'efficacité propre du thème de l'usurpation. La référence idéologique et morale est elle-même mobilisable sur un plan dramaturgique et peut constituer un élément structurant de l'effet dramatique, assurer l'engrenage de l'action, et répondre à une vision poétique. En même temps, à travers ces procédés dramaturgiques, les pièces construisent leur sens qui, tout en faisant écho à l'absolutisme monarchique, peut parfois présenter un écart par rapport aux réflexions politiques contemporaines. Cette étude s'articule autour de trois concepts - le droit de régner, le devoir de régner et la volonté de régner. L'analyse de la manière concrète de leur mise en place mène à une réflexion sur l'évolution du traitement du thème durant le siècle et sur le rapport complexe entre idéologie et dramaturgie
La traduction fictive : motifs d'un topos romanesque (1496-1617) by Louis Watier( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A fictitious translation (or pseudo-translation) is a text written in a peculiar language but introduced as a real or imaginary translation in a foreign language. While such fictitious translations did not go through frequent studies until the end of the twentieth century, they are quite common and regularly illustrated by many famous works, among which Don Quijote, Le Manuscrit trouvé à Saragosse and The Castle of Otranto to name a few. For long translation as fiction has only been considered as literary device to entertain. Hence, this attitude towards the fictitious translation may partially explain why such literary phenomenon was never perceived within its historical context, notwithstanding it was explicitly used as a literary convention by many authors. Therefore, we should devote ourselves to discern the motivations that drove the emergence of pseudo-translation in the novel 'genre. Besides, it is also important to highlight the course it took to finally become known as topos. From this perspective, this research, which is a genealogical one as defined by Nietzsche, explores the role of translation from the first medieval novels to their last echo in Cervantes's work; in an attempt to reinject a historical dynamic in a common place long unchanged
Le plaisir dans À la recherche du temps perdu by Aude Briot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

De multiples plaisirs sont présents dans À la recherche du temps perdu. Ils sont importants pour les personnages en ce que, bien souvent, ils dirigent leur vie, mais aussi parce qu'ils participent à la constitution de portraits : observer les plaisirs d'un personnage permet de le peindre. L'importance du plaisir dépasse le niveau individuel pour atteindre celui du récit (diégèse et narration). Malgré une présence qui tend à l'omniprésence, le plaisir peine à être vécu au présent par des personnages qui le conjuguent plus facilement au passé ou au futur, et en ont une image très négative. C'est que les sens ne sont pas aptes à véhiculer le plaisir, et n'apportent que culpabilité, punition et déception. Il faut alors explorer d'autres voies : apparaissent artifices et perversions, qui finissent aussi par échouer à procurer un plaisir pur. Le héros proustien le trouve dans l'imaginaire, notamment la création littéraire. Paradoxalement, de l'échec du plaisir vient la fertilité créatrice
L'évolution de la figure littéraire de Ponce Pilate (XIXème-XXIème siècle) by Caroline Perry( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette thèse est consacrée à la figure de Ponce Pilate et à son remarquable déploiement depuis le XIXème siècle dans la littérature occidentale (francophone, anglophone, hispanophone). Ancrée dans la démarche mythocritique de Pierre Brunel, notre recherche interroge précisément les enjeux de l'évolution d'une telle figure et propose de définir sa place en littérature. Progressivement le juge romain devient un véritable objet d'étude, sujet de fiction à part entière. Si l'on constate qu'il ne correspond pas à la définition du mythe, il en comporte néanmoins certains aspects et va même jusqu'à développer certains mythèmes qui lui sont propres tels que son geste symbolique du lavement de mains ou la présence lumineuse de son épouse. Enfin, si la figure de Pilate appartient à la configuration narrative du procès de Jésus de Nazareth, elle est une figure mythique, et sa réhabilitation partielle ou totale, aux XXème et XXIème siècles, passe nécessairement par l'aspect politique du personnage. Après avoir considéré l'importance prise par Ponce Pilate en littérature, à partir du XIXème siècle, nous nous interrogerons sur son statut mythique et sur la place que lui donnent les écrivains de la modernité, cherchant l'homme sous la légende. Entre romanité et christianisme, la voie de la modernité place Pilate face à son humanité
Les symboliques de l'ange dans l'art et la littérature de 1850 à 1950 by Bérengère Chapuis( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The angel was never as present as during the modernist era, that is at a time when thereligious figure, in its expression, its form, and even in its substance, its objects, waschallenged by the intense philosophical reflection and by the scientific and technicaldiscoveries stemming from the Enlightenment era. It is this acknowledgement basedon an omnipresence of angels, in nineteenth and twentieth art and literature alike,which led us to ask a simple question - what is the angel a sign of? What does itsymbolize? What meaning may be given its large presence?We have decided, to understand it, to get back to the sources of the angel in order toshed light onto the foundations of that which, quite obviously, establishes itself asone of the most important myths in the present-day imagination. We have alsodecided to show how the mutation from a biblical figure to a profane myth hadmanaged to happen and what were the mechanisms through which thismetamorphosis had taken place; we have also tried to know what was at stake in thisprocess.This study proposes to examine the representations of angels in art and literaturefrom 1850 to 1950 in order to discover how these traditional figures came to becomemodern myths. How can their contemporary representations testify of a newrelationship with the divine ? We'll try to answer this question by studying two majorsymbolics - the inspiring angel and the guardian angel - and by revealing the processin which the angel becomes a personal myth of the individual and especially of thecreator
Savoir par cœur : enjeux de la mémorisation des textes pour les études littéraires by Fabrice Nowak( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Why would it be worthwhile for literary studies to reintroduce learning by heart of literary texts? Learning by heart now appears to be an old-fashioned method, only practiced by nostalgic, reactionary teachers. It has been criticized for its lesser learning efficiency and velocity as compared to what technology has made available for fewer efforts. Another reason why it has been condemned is that it would impede the development of intelligence, as it is thought to be a parrot-like, mechanical exercise requiring very little understanding or critical thinking. These seemingly well-founded criticisms are, we argue, the product of three logics - or thoughts - dominating the Western thought, namely: the materialist thought, the mercantile logic, and the logic of the domination of the masculine over the feminine. Our beliefs and outlines of thought are so imbued with these three principles, that we are reluctant to depart from their influences to think. In this dissertation, we confront the three above-mentioned logics to the "learning-by-heart" issue. By questioning their presuppositions and shedding light on some of their flaws, we find out that learning by heart, depending on how it is carried out, helps revitalize literary studies
Fins tragiques : poétique et éthique du dénouement dans la tragédie pré-moderne en Italie, en France et en Espagne by Enrica Zanin( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La poétique du dénouement pré-moderne, dans les tragédies italiennes, françaises et espagnoles, est liée à un souci éthique: la fin de l'intrigue est le lieu attendu qui en dévoile le sens et qui dit sa morale. Or, le dénouement tragique répond à une double exigence: s'il conclut la tragédie, il doit aussi renverser le sort du héros. Pour achever la tragédie, le dénouement doit réaliser un équilibre moral; pour renverser l'intrigue, il doit susciter un excès pathétique. Ces deux exigences sont issues de deux modèles théoriques opposés: la logique de l'exemplarité et l'efficacité pathétique. La thèse analyse les stratégies poétiques que théoriciens et dramaturges mettent en place pour concilier ces deux modèles poétiques, au sein des trois critères qui définissent le dénouement (son orientation, ses modalités et sa structure) et des problèmes éthiques qu'ils posent (l'enchaînement de la causalité, la faute et la rétribution du héros). Les efforts pour concilier exemplarité et pathétique se soldent par un échec. En dépit de leurs différences, les trois traditions nationales dénoncent les faiblesses de la logique de l'exemplarité, qui ne permet pas de justifier, par une règle de conduite universelle, l'expérience du malheur, du désordre, de l'injustice. Le dénouement tragique incite alors le spectateur à un déchiffrement herméneutique pour trouver des raisons à la misère inexplicable du héros, que manifeste le renversement de fortune
La reine de Saba : des traditions au mythe littéraire by Aurélia Hetzel( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Queen of Sheba plays an important role in the traditions of the three monotheist religions as well as in literature and arts. The paths that take us from the religious texts to the literary myth show the various figures that she embodies, from wisdom to lust. The exploration of the types of intertextual relationships and of the relationships between arts, reveals the variations undergone since the initial scenario, the persistent aspects of the myth, as well as the way in which the mythical potential of the founding texts operates in the structure and the literacy of the texts. The analysis of the modalities of appearance of the Queen of Sheba allows us to consider works as relays, circumlocutions and variations, and reveals that in the imagination the queen of Sheba is an ideal model and her myth is an exemplary story
La construction et les fonctions de l'intrigue chez le théâtre de Jean Anouilh by Yan Zhang( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The last century and this century are experiencing a new interest in the plot. The plot, not only related to events, but also to their structure, their overlap and their order, is actually a perception of the world. In addition, creating plots consists of involving oneself and the other in connection and in entanglement. So the plot can also serve to examine the relationship maintained by the subject with respect to oneself and the other. It becomes possible to relate the plot and lived time, the plot and the existence. The thesis analyzes construction and functions of the plot in the theater of Jean Anouilh with a historical, anthropological and poetic perspective. Replacing Jean Anouilh in his time and taking the well-made play as a benchmark helps us discover the value and weight of tradition as well as the characteristics of Anouilh's dramaturgical work. Identifying the links between how to build the plot and the theatrical vision of the author, who considers the theater as an artificial and poetic mind game, opens the possibility to reveal how the author, with the artifice, fantasy and play in the game, plays with the play in order to say what theater is and what it helps us with. Except for the construction of the plot, the functions of the plot finally allow us to probe the existential tensions that animate this specific theater
Le lieu, l'histoire, le sang : l'hispanité des musulmans d'Espagne dans les littératures arabe, espagnole et française (15ème - 17ème siècles) by Émilie Picherot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Hispanic identity of Spanish Muslims is at the center of a recurring debate on the collective identity of Spaniards. By treating the political presence of the Muslims as a simple historical parenthesis which lasted for eight centuries, the Romancero excludes Spanish Muslims not only from the peninsula but also from Hispanic identity itself and heralds the final expulsion of the Moriscos in 1609. A different attitude was developed during the hundred years following 1492, as witnessed by the Hispano-Arabic and Aljamiada, but also sometimes the Castilian literature. The French Spanish-Moorish novel, a century later, redefines the character of the Spanish Muslim, which then becomes the basis for a fantasized Hispanic identity characterised by its contact with the Arab-Muslim world via the Mediterranean. The Moor of Granada becomes a literary model that provides Europe with a positive image of the Arab-Muslim world. Idealized, tolerant and generous, the Moro is no longer simply a Spaniard, but a pretext for reflecting on religious diversity and the link between a people and a place
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Alternative Names
École doctorale 019

École doctorale 19

ED 019

ED 19



French (23)