WorldCat Identities

École doctorale Littératures françaises et comparée (Paris)

Works: 192 works in 193 publications in 1 language and 199 library holdings
Genres: Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: 996, Degree grantor
Classifications: BS580.S48, 222
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by École doctorale Littératures françaises et comparée (Paris)
La reine de Saba des traditions au mythe littéraire by Aurélia Hetzel( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Queen of Sheba plays an important role in the traditions of the three monotheist religions as well as in literature and arts. The paths that take us from the religious texts to the literary myth show the various figures that she embodies, from wisdom to lust. The exploration of the types of intertextual relationships and of the relationships between arts, reveals the variations undergone since the initial scenario, the persistent aspects of the myth, as well as the way in which the mythical potential of the founding texts operates in the structure and the literacy of the texts. The analysis of the modalities of appearance of the Queen of Sheba allows us to consider works as relays, circumlocutions and variations, and reveals that in the imagination the queen of Sheba is an ideal model and her myth is an exemplary story
Fin de l'idylle ? : étude sur les formes et les significations de l'idylle dans la littérature française du dix-neuvième siècle by Violaine Boneu( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work aims to re-think the status of the idyll in the French literature during the 19th century by combining theory of literary genres, literary history and hermeneutics. Objecting to the common-sensical idea that the idyll has evolved into a frozen genre full of anachronical clichés after André Chénier, it provides some conceptual ressources to analyze the actual dynamics of the idyll, both in terms of form and signification. The notion follows three main logics : a rhetorical one, which places the idyll into the poetic of literary genres, an historical and philosophical one, which, since the 18th century, considers the idyll as a cue of a mythical origin and an image of the Ideal, and lastly, a psychological one, born with the romantic revolution, which understands the idyll in terms of illusion, fantasies or dreams. Because of its intrinsic complexity, the idyll provides a priviliged point of view to examine the most important changes of the modern times. This work gives an overview of the evolution of the genre during the 19th century and examines the explicit references to the idyll made by Nerval, Hugo, Baudelaire, Mallarmé, Balzac and Zola in some of their major poetical works and novels. In doing so, it develops a new perspective on the crisis of the subjectivity, the crisis of literary representation and the redrawing of the traditional distinction between prose and poetry
Les pensées de Pascal dans la tradition apologétique by Alexander Chistyakov( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse examine, dans leur rapport aux Pensées de Pascal, deux ensembles de l'apologétique chrétienne, chacun dans sa quasi-totalité : les auteurs grecs et latins jusqu'à 450 et les auteurs français de la fin du XVIe siècle jusqu'à Pascal (1662). L'hypothèse initiale était que la fragmentation des Pensées pouvait avoir des modèles littéraires dans l'époque où naquit la polémique des philosophes contre le christianisme. La recherche porte sur les formes littéraires des apologies en considération de leur parenté avec les Pensées en discontinuité, en disposition, et, à titre secondaire, en inventaire d'arguments principaux. Il s'avère que les Pensées héritent de la première apologétique leurs particularités formelles, ainsi que leur thématique. Pour les modèles d'apologies antiques fragmentaires, nous avons relevé les Stromates de Clément d'Alexandrie et les Sentences de Sixte. Nous n'avons pas trouvé de modèles des Pensées au XVIIe siècle, mais avons constaté que l'apologie de Pascal a beaucoup en commun sur le plan du contenu avec les écrits des apologistes du même siècle. Nous avons aussi conclu que ce qu'on entend par emprunts ou lectures de Pascal dans ses précurseurs immédiats, peut appartenir à la tradition apologétique maintenue par une multitude d'écrivains insuffisamment connus, parmi lesquels il est impossible de déterminer l'auteur d'une sentence donnée. Ainsi la discontinuité des Pensées, défaut aux yeux des contemporains et originalité qui détermine leur succès postérieur, est due au choix conscient de Pascal en faveur de l'apologétique des Pères de l'Église, choix qui s'inscrit dans le retour aux sources du catholicisme de la Contre-Réforme
Fénélon et le rhétorique de la direction spirituelle au XVII ème siècle by Pauline Chaduc( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fénelon was one of the most famous spiritual guides of his time. A large part of his work, letters and discussions, are dedicated to this ministry. For him spiritual guidance is an art of government, which means rhetoric based on adaptation and pedagogy of order. It is also an art of dialogue where ethics and spiritual principles articulate with pragmatic imperatives. This rhetoric aims to lead men to a clear vision of themselves in order to unite with God
La revue Souffles (1966-1973), espoirs de révolution culturelle au Maroc by Kenza Sefrioui( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The review Souffles (Breaths), created in 1966 by young poets and artists-painters, was the forum of the literary and cultural avant-garde in Morocco, and had an influence throughout the Maghreb and the Third World. It advocated decolonization of culture in a time when the Moroccan independence was considered unfinished and threatened by neocolonialism. Produced by left-wing intellectuals, it was also a forum of indirect opposition which, by means of culture and symbolic values, constituted a reaction to the traditionalist dictatorship imposed by monarchy. Influenced by the ideologies of its time (Third-World tendency and Marxism-Leninism), it became more and more openly political. Souffles, and especially its version in Arabic, Anfâs, was the review of both organizations of the Moroccan Marxist-Leninist movement : Ilal Amam (Forward) and 23 March. After the arrest of its most active editors in 1972, new series were published by the militants in Paris until 1973. Souffles remained in the collective memory as an important date in the literary and political history of Morocco
Les derniers feux de la tragédie classique : étude du genre tragique en France sous la Restauration et la Monarchie de Juillet by Maurizio Melai( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study concerns the practice of the genre of classical tragedy in the nineteenth century, particularly during the Restoration and the July Monarchy. It focuses on the last developments of tragedy in France and documents the evolution and the progressive decline of this genre during the first half of the nineteenth century; that is until its disappearance from French theatres, which took place around 1850. By considering a corpus of eighty plays, this work aims to give a clear picture of the tragic genre and tragic authors of the Restoration and the July Monarchy, or more exactly of the forty years from 1814 to 1854. This work is conceived as the study of a literary code and is divided into two parts: in the first part, we try to define the tragic code of the post-Napoleonic era on the basis of the formal constants which characterise it, showing the evolution of the stylistic, structural and dramaturgic features of tragedy. In the second part, we look at the thematic constants of this code, studying the strategies that tragedy uses to transpose - through the historical and highly allusive subjects that it treats - the principal social and political problems of its time. Finally, by showing the continuity which exists between the declining tragic genre and the romantic drama, we try to valorise the texts in our corpus and to underline their modern features. This leads us to look for the reasons behind the persistence of a traditional genre like the classical tragedy and for the factors which revitalise it in the nineteenth century
La construction et les fonctions de l'intrigue chez le théâtre de Jean Anouilh by Yan Zhang( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The last century and this century are experiencing a new interest in the plot. The plot, not only related to events, but also to their structure, their overlap and their order, is actually a perception of the world. In addition, creating plots consists of involving oneself and the other in connection and in entanglement. So the plot can also serve to examine the relationship maintained by the subject with respect to oneself and the other. It becomes possible to relate the plot and lived time, the plot and the existence. The thesis analyzes construction and functions of the plot in the theater of Jean Anouilh with a historical, anthropological and poetic perspective. Replacing Jean Anouilh in his time and taking the well-made play as a benchmark helps us discover the value and weight of tradition as well as the characteristics of Anouilh's dramaturgical work. Identifying the links between how to build the plot and the theatrical vision of the author, who considers the theater as an artificial and poetic mind game, opens the possibility to reveal how the author, with the artifice, fantasy and play in the game, plays with the play in order to say what theater is and what it helps us with. Except for the construction of the plot, the functions of the plot finally allow us to probe the existential tensions that animate this specific theater
Le Grand Insulaire et Pilotage d'André Thevet, cosmographe du roi : édition critique partielle by Daniela Valle de Loro( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

During the last years of his life dedicated to traveling and Geography, André Thevet (1516-1592) engaged himself into the making of an extensive work named Le Grand Insulaire et Pilotage, which is a genuine cartographic description of the world, specially the New World. This document, which is considerably rich in useful indications for the navigation, would remain unfinished. The reason for this is often laid upon the political and religious disturbances which then took place in France and their consequences on the publishing field. However, the fact that Thevet has not finished Grand Insulaire is also due to his work method, as we can verify in his composition procedures; The critical study of the preserved manuscripts as well as the analysis of his sources, based on a codicological and linguistic point of view, allow us to verifiy this hypothesis and to understand all the singularity of such an important work for the knowledge of the Tupi Indians of Brazil in the sixteenth century
Fins tragiques : poétique et éthique du dénouement dans la tragédie pré-moderne en Italie, en France et en Espagne by Enrica Zanin( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The poetics of early modern denouement in Italian, Spanish and French tragedies implies an ethical issue. The ending of the plot is the expected climax which reveals the meaning and the moral of the story. The aim of the tragic denouement is twofold: it concludes the play and it reverses the hero's fate. In order to conclude the tragedy, the denouement restores a moral balance; in order to reverse the plot, it gives rise to a pathetic excess. Two divergent theoretical models underlie this dual requirement: the logic of exemplarity and the poetics of pathos. I propose to examine the strategies displayed by theorists and dramatists in order to bring together these two theoretical models. I therefore consider the three main features of the denouement (its direction, mode and structure) and the ethical issues to which they give rise (the sequence of causality, the tragic flaw and its atonement). The conciliation between exemplarity and pathos proves an impossibility: Italian, Spanish and French tragedy, despite their differences, denounce the logic of exemplarity as inadequate and unfit to justify, through the expression of a theoretical rule, the experience of misfortune, injustice and chaos. The tragic denouement leads the spectator to a hermeneutic deciphering that may uncover the reasons for the hero's inexplicable misfortunes
Le lieu, l'histoire, le sang : l'hispanité des musulmans d'Espagne dans les littératures arabe, espagnole et française (15ème - 17ème siècles) by Émilie Picherot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Hispanic identity of Spanish Muslims is at the center of a recurring debate on the collective identity of Spaniards. By treating the political presence of the Muslims as a simple historical parenthesis which lasted for eight centuries, the Romancero excludes Spanish Muslims not only from the peninsula but also from Hispanic identity itself and heralds the final expulsion of the Moriscos in 1609. A different attitude was developed during the hundred years following 1492, as witnessed by the Hispano-Arabic and Aljamiada, but also sometimes the Castilian literature. The French Spanish-Moorish novel, a century later, redefines the character of the Spanish Muslim, which then becomes the basis for a fantasized Hispanic identity characterised by its contact with the Arab-Muslim world via the Mediterranean. The Moor of Granada becomes a literary model that provides Europe with a positive image of the Arab-Muslim world. Idealized, tolerant and generous, the Moro is no longer simply a Spaniard, but a pretext for reflecting on religious diversity and the link between a people and a place
L'évolution de la figure littéraire de Ponce Pilate (XIXème-XXIème siècle) by Caroline Perry( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette thèse est consacrée à la figure de Ponce Pilate et à son remarquable déploiement depuis le XIXème siècle dans la littérature occidentale (francophone, anglophone, hispanophone). Ancrée dans la démarche mythocritique de Pierre Brunel, notre recherche interroge précisément les enjeux de l'évolution d'une telle figure et propose de définir sa place en littérature. Progressivement le juge romain devient un véritable objet d'étude, sujet de fiction à part entière. Si l'on constate qu'il ne correspond pas à la définition du mythe, il en comporte néanmoins certains aspects et va même jusqu'à développer certains mythèmes qui lui sont propres tels que son geste symbolique du lavement de mains ou la présence lumineuse de son épouse. Enfin, si la figure de Pilate appartient à la configuration narrative du procès de Jésus de Nazareth, elle est une figure mythique, et sa réhabilitation partielle ou totale, aux XXème et XXIème siècles, passe nécessairement par l'aspect politique du personnage. Après avoir considéré l'importance prise par Ponce Pilate en littérature, à partir du XIXème siècle, nous nous interrogerons sur son statut mythique et sur la place que lui donnent les écrivains de la modernité, cherchant l'homme sous la légende. Entre romanité et christianisme, la voie de la modernité place Pilate face à son humanité
Le roman romain : généalogie d'un genre français by Donatien Grau( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis aims to address the emergence and the development in French literature of a whole new genre, from the beginning of the 19th until the end of the 20th century: the contemporaneous Roman-themed novel. Dealing not with the stability of the Ancient City, its ruins and its monuments, but with the shifting urban and human landscape of the time, it disrupts the tradition of the Grand Tour, which was implicitly based on the notion that no fiction could be invented in the eternal present of Rome, since the perception one could have there was so deeply rooted in the past. By using the novel, writers were simultaneously confronted to the modernity of the medium and to the urban and political modernisation of the city, while the sign of Rome - the myth of the Eternal City - was always present in their mind. Novels set in contemporaneous Rome provided their authors with the possibility to engage with the most crucial issues inherent to the aesthetics and ethics of fiction: the role of belief in modern cultures - in terms of religion and its counterpart, literary fiction; the role of the past in the construction of modernity; the importance of the present in the experience of the past; the meaning of the Ancients at the time of the Moderns. Analysing the forms of the French contemporaneous Roman-themed novel signifies even more than engaging with the portrait of a city: it is a study in the relevance of Western paradigms
Le plaisir dans À la recherche du temps perdu by Aude Briot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

De multiples plaisirs sont présents dans À la recherche du temps perdu. Ils sont importants pour les personnages en ce que, bien souvent, ils dirigent leur vie, mais aussi parce qu'ils participent à la constitution de portraits : observer les plaisirs d'un personnage permet de le peindre. L'importance du plaisir dépasse le niveau individuel pour atteindre celui du récit (diégèse et narration). Malgré une présence qui tend à l'omniprésence, le plaisir peine à être vécu au présent par des personnages qui le conjuguent plus facilement au passé ou au futur, et en ont une image très négative. C'est que les sens ne sont pas aptes à véhiculer le plaisir, et n'apportent que culpabilité, punition et déception. Il faut alors explorer d'autres voies : apparaissent artifices et perversions, qui finissent aussi par échouer à procurer un plaisir pur. Le héros proustien le trouve dans l'imaginaire, notamment la création littéraire. Paradoxalement, de l'échec du plaisir vient la fertilité créatrice
Lire la ville de Jacques Poulin avec l'œil d'Italo Calvino by Stefania Cubeddu( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Composée jusqu'à présent de douze romans écrits entre 1967 et 2009, l'œuvre de Jacques Poulin entretient avec la ville de Québec une relation tout à fait particulière. Or, ce n'est pas la ville tout entière qui intéresse cet auteur québécois, mais le quartier historique du Vieux-Québec. Dans cet univers, protégé par les remparts de la ville et par le fleuve Saint-Laurent, un personnage-type poulinien se promène, traverse la ville, en sort quelquefois - en répondant tantôt à l'appel de l'ouest, du côté de l'Amérique, tantôt à l'appel de l'est, vers les origines françaises - mais toujours pour y revenir. Nous allons étudier la relation qui s'instaure entre la ville et le personnage qui la traverse. Cette ville, qui n'est jamais décrite au sens propre du terme, reste pourtant reconnaissable pour le lecteur poulinien. Afin d'explorer comment se construit son image, Les Villes invisibles d'Italo Calvino s'avèrent une clé précieuse. À travers l'œil de cet auteur italien, nous allons prêter attention au dialogue qui se noue entre lecteur et narrateur dans la création de la ville littéraire. Les nombreux mouvements d'entrée et de sortie, la présence d'un parcours cyclique permettent de repérer une certaine analogie de la ville avec l'œuvre. En essayant de repérer les enjeux qui travaillent l'espace de la ville, nous nous proposons de mettre en évidence la poétique dont le Vieux-Québec est chargé dans l'œuvre de Jacques Poulin et d'analyser la quête identitaire, collective et personnelle, qui s'y joue, mais pour laquelle il est tout aussi bien un répondant symbolique
Les Déserts de l'Amour d'A. Rimbaud : codicologie, généricité, textualité by Christophe Bataillé( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis proposes a global approach to The Deserts of Love. Given the many uncertainties surrounding this text, the prerequisite for its analysis is the exploration of Rimbaud's manuscript, to prove the order of the folios, to provide an accurate text, to establish its date of transcription by a diachronic study of the poet's handwriting ; the ambition is also to judge the extent to which this is a finished work, whether the known text is complete and, lastly, to determine the source of the untypical numbering of the folios. After examining the concept of genre and its implications, the generic approach will seek to define the generic status of the dream narrative and then problematise the formal genre of The Deserts of Love on the basis of a reflexion on the subject of the prose poem. The need to contextualise this generic approach requires the analysis of several representative authors in the two generic fields involved (Nodier, Bertrand, Nerval) and in particular of the Baudelaire of the Petits Poëmes en prose. The thesis concludes with a detailed literary commentary of The Deserts of Love
La Chronique de Maupassant : éléments de psycholecture by Jean Tissier( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La chronique de Maupassant reste le genre problématique par excellence dansl'oeuvre de l'écrivain, sa part d'ombre, sa part maudite.Celui-ci ne les regroupa pas de son vivant comme il le fit pour ses contes et sesnouvelles qu'il exhuma des pages du Gaulois et de Gil Blas pour les publier enlibrairie. Car la chronique porterait la marque d'une certaine mauvaise conscienced'un auteur tiraillé par un surmoi littéraire flaubertien s'inscrivant dans le texte commeun symptôme.Dès lors, cette chronique dont l'indéniable vitesse d'écriture dictée par les contrainteset les impératifs journalistiques favorisa l'affleurement de l'inconscient dans le texte,déclinera les matériaux scripturaires de l'inconscient.Douées d'une énergie propre, les chroniques de Maupassant, outre le fait qu'ellesdévelopperaient des perspectives narratives interactives entre le lecteur et l'écrivain,brosseraient un portrait intérieur de son auteur en proie à ses fantasmes, à sesphobies et à ses angoisses. Ces textes s'ouvriraient ainsi à une herméneutiquespécifique, relevant de la psychanalyse freudienne
Un duel en figures. Imaginaire héroïque et théâtral dans les ouvrages français consacrés au combat singulier (1568-1658) by Julien Perrier-Chartrand( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

From the second half of the 16th century to the personal reign of Louis XIV, there was an increase in the number of clandestine duels in France. Through this practice, nobility sought to affirm its class identity in reaction to structural and political changes which affected the Old Regime. This proliferation of combats gave rise to a vast production of works dedicated to this very phenomenon. One group of authors attached to aristocratic values tried to persuade the royal authority to re-establish a legal form of duel, similar to what existed in medieval times. It would create, they argued, an official space for the expression of nobiliary honour and would permit the end of the clandestine duels. An opposite group of authors who belonged to the constituted bodies dedicated to the defense of the structures of the State - magistrates and clergymen - proposed rather to inflict grave punishments on the combatants. This thesis will demonstrate, though the analysis of stylistic processes, of intertextual loans and of the system of references employed in these texts, that the reflection on the duel revolves around heroic imagery, used differently by each group of authors in accord with their own interests. Through an ensemble of recurring figures borrowed from fictional literature or fictionalized history - figures which reinforce a series of key-notions at the heart of the intellectual debate on the duel (such as virtue, honour
Savoir par cœur : enjeux de la mémorisation des textes pour les études littéraires by Fabrice Nowak( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Quel intérêt les études littéraires auraient-elles à remettre au goût du jour l'apprentissage par cœur de textes littéraires ? Le par cœur semble aujourd'hui une pratique pédagogique de nostalgiques et de réactionnaires. On lui reproche de faire moins bien et moins rapidement ce que la technologie fait sans effort. On l'accuse aussi de ne pas favoriser l'intelligence : elle est un travail mécanique de perroquet dans lequel la compréhension et l'esprit critique interviendraient peu. Ces critiques, qui peuvent paraître de bon sens, sont en fait selon nous le produit de trois logiques ou pensées qui dominent la pensée occidentale : la pensée matérialiste, la logique marchande et la logique de domination du masculin sur le féminin. Elles imprègnent tellement nos croyances et nos cadres cognitifs qu'on a du mal à penser en dehors d'elles. Nous confrontons dans cette thèse ces trois logiques à la question du par cœur : en interrogeant leurs présupposés et en mettant au jour certaines de leurs failles, on s'aperçoit alors que le par cœur, en fonction de la manière dont on le pratique, peut revivifier les études littéraires
Les symboliques de l'ange dans l'art et la littérature de 1850 à 1950 by Bérengère Chapuis( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The angel was never as present as during the modernist era, that is at a time when thereligious figure, in its expression, its form, and even in its substance, its objects, waschallenged by the intense philosophical reflection and by the scientific and technicaldiscoveries stemming from the Enlightenment era. It is this acknowledgement basedon an omnipresence of angels, in nineteenth and twentieth art and literature alike,which led us to ask a simple question - what is the angel a sign of? What does itsymbolize? What meaning may be given its large presence?We have decided, to understand it, to get back to the sources of the angel in order toshed light onto the foundations of that which, quite obviously, establishes itself asone of the most important myths in the present-day imagination. We have alsodecided to show how the mutation from a biblical figure to a profane myth hadmanaged to happen and what were the mechanisms through which thismetamorphosis had taken place; we have also tried to know what was at stake in thisprocess.This study proposes to examine the representations of angels in art and literaturefrom 1850 to 1950 in order to discover how these traditional figures came to becomemodern myths. How can their contemporary representations testify of a newrelationship with the divine ? We'll try to answer this question by studying two majorsymbolics - the inspiring angel and the guardian angel - and by revealing the processin which the angel becomes a personal myth of the individual and especially of thecreator
Les voyages de Maurice Barrès by Jessica Desclaux( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The aim of this thesis is to challenge the prevailing image of Maurice Barrès in literary history as a patriotic native of Lorraine, deeply rooted in his homeland: Barrès is considered a defender of local roots, as opposed to Gide, seen as a traveller. From 1887 to 1923, Maurice Barrès made around forty journeys abroad. In revisiting the chapter which Albert Thibaudet dedicated to the traveller in La Vie de Maurice Barrès (The Life of Maurice Barrès), we question the hypothesis that Barrès shaped himself an aesthetic and intellectual path, drawing from his travels. Against the diachronic duality of the writer, whose mind-set evolved between publication of the Culte du Moi (The Cult of the Self) and the Roman de l'énergie nationale (Novel of National Energy), there emerges a four step path: he looked to and was influenced by different schools of thought from Italy, Spain, the Orient and, during the period in which his sense of nationalism was formed, he examined the Greek lesson in particular. As well as considering travel as something which educated both the aesthete and the writer, we analyse the knowledge acquired by the politician on his travels abroad. To that end, focus is placed upon manuscripts from the Barrès fonds of the BnF and the emphasis is on a genetic approach. Through Barrès, we follow the rebirth of the writer's journey, influenced by the model of the English aesthetes, in the context of artistic rediscoveries and a rise in international tensions
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.94 (from 0.88 for La reine d ... to 0.96 for La revue S ...)

Alternative Names
École doctorale 019

École doctorale 19

ED 019

ED 19



Université Paris-Sorbonne. ED3

French (21)