WorldCat Identities

École doctorale Littératures françaises et comparée (Paris)

Overview
Works: 193 works in 196 publications in 1 language and 201 library holdings
Genres: Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: 996, Degree grantor
Classifications: BS580.S48, 222
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by École doctorale Littératures françaises et comparée (Paris)
La reine de Saba des traditions au mythe littéraire by Aurélia Hetzel( Book )

2 editions published between 2009 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Queen of Sheba plays an important role in the traditions of the three monotheist religions as well as in literature and arts. The paths that take us from the religious texts to the literary myth show the various figures that she embodies, from wisdom to lust. The exploration of the types of intertextual relationships and of the relationships between arts, reveals the variations undergone since the initial scenario, the persistent aspects of the myth, as well as the way in which the mythical potential of the founding texts operates in the structure and the literacy of the texts. The analysis of the modalities of appearance of the Queen of Sheba allows us to consider works as relays, circumlocutions and variations, and reveals that in the imagination the queen of Sheba is an ideal model and her myth is an exemplary story
La revue Souffles (1966-1973), espoirs de révolution culturelle au Maroc by Kenza Sefrioui( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La revue Souffles, créée en 1966 par de jeunes poètes et artistes-peintres, a été la tribune de l'avant-garde littéraire et culturelle au Maroc, et a eu un rayonnement dans tout le Maghreb et le Tiers-Monde. Elle prônait la décolonisation de la culture à une époque où l'indépendance était jugée inachevée et menacée par le néocolonialisme. Produite par des intellectuels de gauche, elle était aussi une tribune d'opposition indirecte qui, par le biais de la culture et des valeurs symboliques, constituait une réaction à la dictature traditionnaliste que la monarchie imposait. Marquée par les idéologies de son époque (tiers-mondisme et marxisme-léninisme), elle est devenue de plus en plus ouvertement politique. Souffles, et surtout son doublet en arabe Anfâs, a été la revue commune des deux organisations du mouvement marxiste-léniniste marocain, Ilal Amam (En Avant) et 23 Mars. Après l'arrestation de ses animateurs en 1972, de nouvelles séries ont été publiées par les militants à Paris jusqu'en 1973. Souffles est restée dans la mémoire collective comme une date importante dans l'histoire littéraire et politique du Maroc
Les derniers feux de la tragédie classique : étude du genre tragique en France sous la Restauration et la Monarchie de Juillet by Maurizio Melai( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study concerns the practice of the genre of classical tragedy in the nineteenth century, particularly during the Restoration and the July Monarchy. It focuses on the last developments of tragedy in France and documents the evolution and the progressive decline of this genre during the first half of the nineteenth century; that is until its disappearance from French theatres, which took place around 1850. By considering a corpus of eighty plays, this work aims to give a clear picture of the tragic genre and tragic authors of the Restoration and the July Monarchy, or more exactly of the forty years from 1814 to 1854. This work is conceived as the study of a literary code and is divided into two parts: in the first part, we try to define the tragic code of the post-Napoleonic era on the basis of the formal constants which characterise it, showing the evolution of the stylistic, structural and dramaturgic features of tragedy. In the second part, we look at the thematic constants of this code, studying the strategies that tragedy uses to transpose - through the historical and highly allusive subjects that it treats - the principal social and political problems of its time. Finally, by showing the continuity which exists between the declining tragic genre and the romantic drama, we try to valorise the texts in our corpus and to underline their modern features. This leads us to look for the reasons behind the persistence of a traditional genre like the classical tragedy and for the factors which revitalise it in the nineteenth century
Les pensées de Pascal dans la tradition apologétique by Alexander Chistyakov( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse examine, dans leur rapport aux Pensées de Pascal, deux ensembles de l'apologétique chrétienne, chacun dans sa quasi-totalité : les auteurs grecs et latins jusqu'à 450 et les auteurs français de la fin du XVIe siècle jusqu'à Pascal (1662). L'hypothèse initiale était que la fragmentation des Pensées pouvait avoir des modèles littéraires dans l'époque où naquit la polémique des philosophes contre le christianisme. La recherche porte sur les formes littéraires des apologies en considération de leur parenté avec les Pensées en discontinuité, en disposition, et, à titre secondaire, en inventaire d'arguments principaux. Il s'avère que les Pensées héritent de la première apologétique leurs particularités formelles, ainsi que leur thématique. Pour les modèles d'apologies antiques fragmentaires, nous avons relevé les Stromates de Clément d'Alexandrie et les Sentences de Sixte. Nous n'avons pas trouvé de modèles des Pensées au XVIIe siècle, mais avons constaté que l'apologie de Pascal a beaucoup en commun sur le plan du contenu avec les écrits des apologistes du même siècle. Nous avons aussi conclu que ce qu'on entend par emprunts ou lectures de Pascal dans ses précurseurs immédiats, peut appartenir à la tradition apologétique maintenue par une multitude d'écrivains insuffisamment connus, parmi lesquels il est impossible de déterminer l'auteur d'une sentence donnée. Ainsi la discontinuité des Pensées, défaut aux yeux des contemporains et originalité qui détermine leur succès postérieur, est due au choix conscient de Pascal en faveur de l'apologétique des Pères de l'Église, choix qui s'inscrit dans le retour aux sources du catholicisme de la Contre-Réforme
Belles de Jazz. Voix et violence des figures féminines dans le théâtre de Koffi Kwahulé by Fanny Le Guen( )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Koffi Kwahulé inherited from the Ivorian literary, artistic and theatrical culture.However, as he has been living in exile in France for thirty years, a transatlantictension pervades his writing and thus creates a contemporary black femininemythology. The voices and violence of powerful female figures that mirror archetypesin Ivorian Theatre, create a rhapsody dimension in this dramaturgy, which is aimed atdeconstructing the classical drama and the historical and cultural representations thatcorrupt international relations. Female figures in Belles de Jazz give the dramaturgyits tempo and make it develop into a jazz rhetorics deeply rooted into the author's ownmythology, similar to mid-twentieth century Afro American theatre
Fin de l'idylle ? : étude sur les formes et les significations de l'idylle dans la littérature française du dix-neuvième siècle by Violaine Boneu( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work aims to re-think the status of the idyll in the French literature during the 19th century by combining theory of literary genres, literary history and hermeneutics. Objecting to the common-sensical idea that the idyll has evolved into a frozen genre full of anachronical clichés after André Chénier, it provides some conceptual ressources to analyze the actual dynamics of the idyll, both in terms of form and signification. The notion follows three main logics : a rhetorical one, which places the idyll into the poetic of literary genres, an historical and philosophical one, which, since the 18th century, considers the idyll as a cue of a mythical origin and an image of the Ideal, and lastly, a psychological one, born with the romantic revolution, which understands the idyll in terms of illusion, fantasies or dreams. Because of its intrinsic complexity, the idyll provides a priviliged point of view to examine the most important changes of the modern times. This work gives an overview of the evolution of the genre during the 19th century and examines the explicit references to the idyll made by Nerval, Hugo, Baudelaire, Mallarmé, Balzac and Zola in some of their major poetical works and novels. In doing so, it develops a new perspective on the crisis of the subjectivity, the crisis of literary representation and the redrawing of the traditional distinction between prose and poetry
Fénélon et le rhétorique de la direction spirituelle au XVII ème siècle by Pauline Chaduc( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fénelon was one of the most famous spiritual guides of his time. A large part of his work, letters and discussions, are dedicated to this ministry. For him spiritual guidance is an art of government, which means rhetoric based on adaptation and pedagogy of order. It is also an art of dialogue where ethics and spiritual principles articulate with pragmatic imperatives. This rhetoric aims to lead men to a clear vision of themselves in order to unite with God
Les voyages de Maurice Barrès by Jessica Desclaux( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The aim of this thesis is to challenge the prevailing image of Maurice Barrès in literary history as a patriotic native of Lorraine, deeply rooted in his homeland: Barrès is considered a defender of local roots, as opposed to Gide, seen as a traveller. From 1887 to 1923, Maurice Barrès made around forty journeys abroad. In revisiting the chapter which Albert Thibaudet dedicated to the traveller in La Vie de Maurice Barrès (The Life of Maurice Barrès), we question the hypothesis that Barrès shaped himself an aesthetic and intellectual path, drawing from his travels. Against the diachronic duality of the writer, whose mind-set evolved between publication of the Culte du Moi (The Cult of the Self) and the Roman de l'énergie nationale (Novel of National Energy), there emerges a four step path: he looked to and was influenced by different schools of thought from Italy, Spain, the Orient and, during the period in which his sense of nationalism was formed, he examined the Greek lesson in particular. As well as considering travel as something which educated both the aesthete and the writer, we analyse the knowledge acquired by the politician on his travels abroad. To that end, focus is placed upon manuscripts from the Barrès fonds of the BnF and the emphasis is on a genetic approach. Through Barrès, we follow the rebirth of the writer's journey, influenced by the model of the English aesthetes, in the context of artistic rediscoveries and a rise in international tensions
La Chronique de Maupassant : éléments de psycholecture by Jean Tissier( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The "chronique" in Maupassant's work archetypically represents its problematicgenre, its accursed share.The author didn't collect these columns during his lifetime, as he had done with histales and short stories which he exhumed from the pages of dailies such as LeGaulois and Gil Blas to have them published in book form. It would thus appear thatthe "chronique" is stamped with the bad conscience of a writer which, overwhelmedby a Flaubertian superego, registers within the text as symptom.Therefore, the "chronique" whose undeniable hasty redaction resulted from theconstraints and dictates of journalism fostered the subconscious's coming to the foreof the text by displaying its scriptural materials.Alive with its own energy, the "chronique" by Maupassant, beyond opening upnarratological interactive prospects between reader and writer, sketches the author'spsyche as beset by fantasies, phobias, obsessions and fears.The Maupassantian column may lead to a specific hermeneutics in the light of theFreudian psychoanalysis
Savoir par cœur : enjeux de la mémorisation des textes pour les études littéraires by Fabrice Nowak( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Why would it be worthwhile for literary studies to reintroduce learning by heart of literary texts? Learning by heart now appears to be an old-fashioned method, only practiced by nostalgic, reactionary teachers. It has been criticized for its lesser learning efficiency and velocity as compared to what technology has made available for fewer efforts. Another reason why it has been condemned is that it would impede the development of intelligence, as it is thought to be a parrot-like, mechanical exercise requiring very little understanding or critical thinking. These seemingly well-founded criticisms are, we argue, the product of three logics - or thoughts - dominating the Western thought, namely: the materialist thought, the mercantile logic, and the logic of the domination of the masculine over the feminine. Our beliefs and outlines of thought are so imbued with these three principles, that we are reluctant to depart from their influences to think. In this dissertation, we confront the three above-mentioned logics to the "learning-by-heart" issue. By questioning their presuppositions and shedding light on some of their flaws, we find out that learning by heart, depending on how it is carried out, helps revitalize literary studies
Lire la ville de Jacques Poulin avec l'œil d'Italo Calvino by Stefania Cubeddu( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Composed till now of twelve novels written between 1967 and 2009, the work of Jacques Poulin maintains a very special relationship with Quebec City. Yet this Quebecois author is not interested in the entire city, but rather the historic quarter of Old Quebec. In this world, protected by the city's ramparts and the St. Lawrence River, a Poulinian character type wanders through the city, leaving occasionally - sometimes in response to the call of the West, from America, sometimes to the call of the East, from his French origins - but always returning.This thesis will study the relationship established between the city and the character who passes through it. The city, which is never described in the true sense of the term, is nevertheless recognizable for the Poulinian reader. In order to explore how its image is built, Italo Calvino's Invisible Cities will prove to be a valuable key. Through the eyes of this Italian author, this thesis will pay special attention to the dialogue that develops between reader and narrator in the creation of the literary city. The numerous comings and goings and the presence of a cyclical path allow the reader to notice a certain analogy between the city and the work. By attempting to identify the issues at work towards building the city's space, this thesis proposes to bring to light the poetics of Old Quebec abundant in Jacques Poulin's work and to analyze the search for identity, collective and personal, which is at play, but for which he is just as much a symbolic respondant
Le lieu, l'histoire, le sang : l'hispanité des musulmans d'Espagne dans les littératures arabe, espagnole et française (15ème - 17ème siècles) by Émilie Picherot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Hispanic identity of Spanish Muslims is at the center of a recurring debate on the collective identity of Spaniards. By treating the political presence of the Muslims as a simple historical parenthesis which lasted for eight centuries, the Romancero excludes Spanish Muslims not only from the peninsula but also from Hispanic identity itself and heralds the final expulsion of the Moriscos in 1609. A different attitude was developed during the hundred years following 1492, as witnessed by the Hispano-Arabic and Aljamiada, but also sometimes the Castilian literature. The French Spanish-Moorish novel, a century later, redefines the character of the Spanish Muslim, which then becomes the basis for a fantasized Hispanic identity characterised by its contact with the Arab-Muslim world via the Mediterranean. The Moor of Granada becomes a literary model that provides Europe with a positive image of the Arab-Muslim world. Idealized, tolerant and generous, the Moro is no longer simply a Spaniard, but a pretext for reflecting on religious diversity and the link between a people and a place
Les symboliques de l'ange dans l'art et la littérature de 1850 à 1950 by Bérengère Chapuis( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'ange n'a jamais été aussi présent qu'à l'heure de la modernité, c'est-à-dire à l'époque où le religieux, en son expression, sa forme et sa substance, ses objets, se trouvait remis en question par l'intense réflexion philosophique et par les découvertes scientifiques et techniques issues des Lumières. C'est ce constat fondé sur l'omniprésence des anges tant dans l'art que dans la littérature du dix-neuvième et du vingtième siècles qui nous a conduit à nous poser une question simple : de quoi l'ange fait-il signe ? Que symbolise-t-il ? Quel sens donner à cette présence ?Nous avons décidé, pour le savoir, de remonter aux sources de l'ange afin de mettre au jour les fondements de ce qui, de toute évidence, s'affirme comme l'un des mythes les plus importants de notre imaginaire contemporain. Nous avons également décidé de montrer comment ce passage d'une figure biblique à un mythe profane avait été rendu possible et quels mécanismes cette métamorphose avait empruntés ;nous avons aussi cherché à savoir quels enjeux ce processus mettait en jeu.Cette étude se propose d'étudier les représentations des anges dans l'art et la littérature de 1850 à 1950 afin de découvrir comment l'on passe d'une figure traditionnelle à un véritable mythe moderne. En quoi les représentations modernes de l'ange témoignent-elles des nouveaux rapports qui se tissent au divin ? Il s'agit ensuite d'étudier ses deux symboliques majeures : celle de l'ange inspirateur et celle de l'ange gardien, en mettant au jour les procédés qui permettent à l'ange de devenir un mythe personnel de l'individu et du créateur en particulier
Un duel en figures. Imaginaire héroïque et théâtral dans les ouvrages français consacrés au combat singulier (1568-1658) by Julien Perrier-Chartrand( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

From the second half of the 16th century to the personal reign of Louis XIV, there was an increase in the number of clandestine duels in France. Through this practice, nobility sought to affirm its class identity in reaction to structural and political changes which affected the Old Regime. This proliferation of combats gave rise to a vast production of works dedicated to this very phenomenon. One group of authors attached to aristocratic values tried to persuade the royal authority to re-establish a legal form of duel, similar to what existed in medieval times. It would create, they argued, an official space for the expression of nobiliary honour and would permit the end of the clandestine duels. An opposite group of authors who belonged to the constituted bodies dedicated to the defense of the structures of the State - magistrates and clergymen - proposed rather to inflict grave punishments on the combatants. This thesis will demonstrate, though the analysis of stylistic processes, of intertextual loans and of the system of references employed in these texts, that the reflection on the duel revolves around heroic imagery, used differently by each group of authors in accord with their own interests. Through an ensemble of recurring figures borrowed from fictional literature or fictionalized history - figures which reinforce a series of key-notions at the heart of the intellectual debate on the duel (such as virtue, honour
Le plaisir dans À la recherche du temps perdu by Aude Briot( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Pleasure appears in various guise in A la Recherche du Temps Perdu. It often directs the characters' lives or serves to define them: the objects and forms of pleasure enjoyed by the characters constitute indirect portraits of them. Pleasure is not only to be observed on an individual level, but can be analysed on the narrative level. Although it is everywhere to be found, it fails to be actually experienced by characters who more often than not reject it into the past or the future, and entertain a very negative vision of it. The senses indeed appear unable to provide pleasure, and only become sources of guilt, disappointment and retribution. Other paths to pleasure must then be discovered, but artificial paradises or perversions fail to yield real pleasure. The Proustian hero ultimately finds it in the world of imagination, especially through literary creation. Paradoxically, it is from the failure of experiencing pleasure that creative power derives
L'évolution de la figure littéraire de Ponce Pilate (XIXème-XXIème siècle) by Caroline Perry( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation is dedicated to Pontius Pilate's figure and to his evolution in Western literature (French, English, and Spanish) from the 19th century. The study examines his role in literature under the light of Pierre Brunel's mythocriticism, and analyzes how his portrayal developed over time. From his wake to his rise, Pontius Pilate becomes a real object of interest, a fictional subject on his own. This work concludes that he does not correspond to the actual definition of a myth. Rather, he has some aspects of it and even carries some mythemes of his own such as the symbolic gesture of washing his hands or his wife's glowing presence. Lastly, if Pilate belongs to Jesus of Nazareth's narrative format, he is then a mythical figure, and therefore his partial or even total rehabilitation must necessarily pass through the character's political aspect. Modern writers seek for the man underneath the legend. Between Romanism and Christianity, modern time voices place Pilate against his own humanity
La construction et les fonctions de l'intrigue chez le théâtre de Jean Anouilh by Yan Zhang( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Le siècle dernier et notre siècle connaissent un nouvel intérêt pour l'intrigue. L'intrigue, se rapportant non seulement aux événements, mais aussi à leur structuration, à leur superposition et à leur ordonnance, est en fait une perception du monde. En outre, mettre en intrigue, c'est se mettre en intrigue, c'est entrer en relation avec l'Autre. Impliquant par elle-même la liaison, l'implication et l'intrication, l'intrigue nous sert également à examiner la relation entretenue par le sujet à l'égard de soi-même et de l'Autre. Il devient donc possible de mettre en rapport l'intrigue et le temps vécu, l'intrigue et l'existence. La thèse analyse la construction et les fonctions de l'intrigue chez le théâtre de Jean Anouilh sous les perspectives historique, poétique et anthropologique. Replacer Jean Anouilh dans son époque et prendre la pièce bien faite comme point de repère nous aident à découvrir la valeur et le poids de la tradition ainsi que les caractéristiques dramaturgiques de l'œuvre anouilhienne. Repérer les liens existant entre la façon de construire l'intrigue et la vision théâtrale de l'auteur, qui considère le théâtre comme un jeu de l'esprit, poétique et artificiel, ouvre la possibilité de dévoiler comment l'auteur, avec l'artifice, la fantaisie et le jeu dans le jeu, joue avec le jeu, afin d'affirmer ce qu'est le théâtre et à quoi il nous est utile. Hormis la construction de l'intrigue, les fonctions de l'intrigue nous permettent enfin de sonder les tensions existentielles qui animent ce théâtre spécifique
Formes et enjeux du dialogue chez Paul Claudel, Paul Valéry, André Gide et Valéry Larbaud by Séverine Pruvôt-N'Guyen( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Our work focuses on the study of the peculiarities of the use of the dialogue in the first half of the twentieth century by Paul Claudel, Paul Valéry, André Gide and Valery Larbaud. It shows how each author took hold of the dialogue in his own specific way. It also highlights the various ways these writers used it, depending on the topics chosen and their purposes. However, from these various uses one may draw out a prevailing function of the dialogue : it fulfills the role of a mediation - between the many facets of a writer, between myself and the others, between the world and a representation which tries to have an impact on it
Fins tragiques : poétique et éthique du dénouement dans la tragédie pré-moderne en Italie, en France et en Espagne by Enrica Zanin( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La poétique du dénouement pré-moderne, dans les tragédies italiennes, françaises et espagnoles, est liée à un souci éthique: la fin de l'intrigue est le lieu attendu qui en dévoile le sens et qui dit sa morale. Or, le dénouement tragique répond à une double exigence: s'il conclut la tragédie, il doit aussi renverser le sort du héros. Pour achever la tragédie, le dénouement doit réaliser un équilibre moral; pour renverser l'intrigue, il doit susciter un excès pathétique. Ces deux exigences sont issues de deux modèles théoriques opposés: la logique de l'exemplarité et l'efficacité pathétique. La thèse analyse les stratégies poétiques que théoriciens et dramaturges mettent en place pour concilier ces deux modèles poétiques, au sein des trois critères qui définissent le dénouement (son orientation, ses modalités et sa structure) et des problèmes éthiques qu'ils posent (l'enchaînement de la causalité, la faute et la rétribution du héros). Les efforts pour concilier exemplarité et pathétique se soldent par un échec. En dépit de leurs différences, les trois traditions nationales dénoncent les faiblesses de la logique de l'exemplarité, qui ne permet pas de justifier, par une règle de conduite universelle, l'expérience du malheur, du désordre, de l'injustice. Le dénouement tragique incite alors le spectateur à un déchiffrement herméneutique pour trouver des raisons à la misère inexplicable du héros, que manifeste le renversement de fortune
Le roman romain : généalogie d'un genre français by Donatien Grau( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis aims to address the emergence and the development in French literature of a whole new genre, from the beginning of the 19th until the end of the 20th century: the contemporaneous Roman-themed novel. Dealing not with the stability of the Ancient City, its ruins and its monuments, but with the shifting urban and human landscape of the time, it disrupts the tradition of the Grand Tour, which was implicitly based on the notion that no fiction could be invented in the eternal present of Rome, since the perception one could have there was so deeply rooted in the past. By using the novel, writers were simultaneously confronted to the modernity of the medium and to the urban and political modernisation of the city, while the sign of Rome - the myth of the Eternal City - was always present in their mind. Novels set in contemporaneous Rome provided their authors with the possibility to engage with the most crucial issues inherent to the aesthetics and ethics of fiction: the role of belief in modern cultures - in terms of religion and its counterpart, literary fiction; the role of the past in the construction of modernity; the importance of the present in the experience of the past; the meaning of the Ancients at the time of the Moderns. Analysing the forms of the French contemporaneous Roman-themed novel signifies even more than engaging with the portrait of a city: it is a study in the relevance of Western paradigms
 
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WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
Alternative Names
École doctorale 019

École doctorale 19

ED 019

ED 19

ED019

ED19

Université Paris-Sorbonne. ED3

Languages
French (22)