WorldCat Identities

Équipe de recherche sur les processus innovatifs

Overview
Works: 35 works in 35 publications in 2 languages and 35 library holdings
Roles: Other, Editor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Équipe de recherche sur les processus innovatifs
Analyse d'impacts du lancement de procédés innovants : application des théories multicritères pour une évaluation robuste by Francisco Toledo Rojas( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This research belongs to the industrial engineering field, focusing on the first stages of the innovation process (Fuzzy Front-End). In a globalized world, where the technology is near to everyone, enterprises are looking for new technologies to be different from their competitors, offering new and better products / services as a strategy to keep or acquire new competitive advantages. Moreover, innovation is a large and continuous process, where different management models are used. But, because of the complexity of the process, no general model is suitable for situations and projects. Thus, the innovation process involves different stakeholders from the company and its environment. These individuals come from different origins (field of knowledge), have different needs, abilities, importance and work under different restrictions (technological or financial resources, work rules, etc.). Consequently, it is essential for the enterprise to identify all the needs of the parts involved in the products. And, a model is required in order to identify the stakeholder's needs before starting design tasks. This model aims at more robustness in the new product development process and at the reduction of the failure rate when launching new products. Thus, the objective of this PhD thesis is to propose a new method to analyze the impact of the innovation, allowing companies to identify the dynamic actors' needs, to improve the definition of their new products and to adapt to the possible changes of the market. This tool is part of an innovative projects management methodology, used before the elaboration of the functional specifications of a new product. This locates the research in the first stages of development called Fuzzy Front-End: before the genesis of the product. Fuzzy front ends integrate among others the opportunity / needs identification for innovation to the development of the new product decision taking. The proposed approach for the innovation impact analysis (A.I) consists of two stages: the first one intends to model an innovation ecosystem, integrating the relations, the importance of each stakeholder and their individual necessities in regard to the new product. Through a Dynamic Needs Analysis (A.B.D) it will be possible to get the global needs, which represent the whole system, without considering the disturbances of the environment or the impact of the same innovation. Thus, the second stage of the model, through the generation of innovation impact scenarios (S.I.I), evaluates the impact of the innovation the new product may face at its market launching. Due to a new product emergence changes emerge: actors' performance, their interrelations, the importance and their own needs about the product [...]
Processus d'innovation centré sur l'utilisateur : identification des besoins et interprétation des données issues de l'integration de l'utilisateur dans le processus de co-conception by Nathalie Skiba( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Our way of life and the products that surround us have never evolved so quickly. This evolution is a new factor to take into account in the product development to ensure the product appropriation by the users. For that reason the design approaches try to integrate usages. The Living Lab approach is organised around four principles: the realism of the studied situation; the continuity in the collaboration with the users; the collection of spontaneous usage data; the empowerment of users in the design process. These principles facilitate the path from "user-centred design" to "usage-centred design" but are difficult to realise practically. To guide and inspire the designers we propose a Living Lab project method made of eighteen operations; each operation is supposed to reach one of the four principles. The proposed method is represented with NIAM-ORM diagrams which are easily understandable because of its similarity with natural language. We tested our method on two urban projects and two industrial projects. The relevance of the tested operations on the principle realisation is evaluated according to bayesian networks: depending on the results the operations are validated, adjusted or rephrased and implemented again in the NIAM-ORM model
L'approche Urban Living Lab pour insuffler l'innovation en urbanisme ? Contribution à la conception d'une ingénierie de pilotage de l'innovation urbaine : application à l'Opération d'Intérêt National d'Alzette Belval by Jonathan Lacroix( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The urban development project is confronted with increasingly complex territorial and urban problems. How then can we enrich or even renew practices by experimenting with new configurations of actors, methods and tools? Solutions will be sought here in the field of urban innovation, which covers a wide range of initiatives, including method innovation in urban planning. In this theoretical and operational context calling for experimentation, the research approach followed aims to link the potential offered by certain innovative practices with the needs of urban planning. The Urban Living Lab project mode makes it possible to manage a multi-stakeholder and collaborative space and innovation process. The conduct of research and intervention in the context of the Alzette Belval National Interest Operation experimented with the integration of an Urban Living Lab approach into the governance, management and operational processes of an urban development project. This research work leads to the identification of the potential of the Urban Living Lab in terms of dialogue between the processes of project management of an urban development project and an innovation process producing actionable knowledge. Experience shows the ability of the Urban Living Lab approach to renegotiate the governance boundaries of the urban development project and to ensure that it is anchored in territorial governance
Proposition d'une approche d'amélioration des performances des organisations par le management opérationnel de leurs connaissances et compétences by Julien Girodon( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This research, carried out under a PhD “CIFRE” with the company ESSILOR and the ERPI Laboratory of the Lorraine University, proposes a framework to make organizations evolve, based on the operational management of knowledge and competences. We have enhanced the organizational mechanisms of sharing, and the use of knowledge and competences within the design environment, in order to propose models, methods and tools allowing actors and organizations to improve their performances. Four key elements have been developed in this research, including three contributions and an assessment of the efficiency of the proposed development framework: • The development of an enterprise modeling method based on the conceptual model KROM and its translation into operational models. This method aims to clarify the organizational links of the knowledge and competence concepts in order to link them to their implementation contexts. • The definition of a global framework to make an organization evolve based on the management of its knowledge and competence assets. This evolution framework includes a characterization and an assessment of the organizations' maturity in their knowledge and competences management practices, as well as a method to make organizations change, based on the proposal of scenario of improvement actions: the ACKME method. • The proposal of an organizational approach to design Multi-agent systems (MAS) called DOCK, allowing the designer to specify MAS oriented toward the issues faced by knowledge engineering approaches, namely the recognition and management of the knowledge life cycle. • An assessment of the value of the implemented framework (the three previous contributions) based on the assessment of the competences of the actors within the organization. This evaluation is based, on one hand, on the possibility to integrate the evolution framework into a global steering approach to make the organization evolve, and on the other hand, on experiments led within the Engineering department of Essilor
Élaboration et mise en oeuvre d'un modèle organisationnel favorisant l'open innovation : contribution à l'innovation collaborative by Alexis Steiner( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'avènement du concept d'Open Innovation a été perçu par les industriels comme une formidable opportunité pour améliorer leur processus d'innovation et augmenter leur marge. En effet, ce concept prônant la large distribution des connaissances, suggère que les entreprises doivent solliciter leur environnement pour acquérir de nouvelles technologies par le biais de collaborations et que la valorisation des technologies internes à l'entreprise peut se faire de divers manières, comme le licensing. Alors les frontières de l'entreprise deviennent poreuses pour permettre une forte interaction avec des partenaires externes. Malgré toutes les promesses de ce concept, celui-ci a apporté un certain nombre de problématiques allant de la propriété intellectuelle à la culture d'entreprise en passant par les freins cognitifs. En accord avec le partenaire industriel de cette thèse, notre observation terrain et les constats bibliographiques, nous nous sommes concentrés sur les aspects organisationnels à mettre en œuvre pour mener une politique d'Open Innovation. Ainsi, cette thèse propose un premier modèle conceptuel pour ancrer une organisation dans son environnement et prendre pleinement en compte le paradigme d'Open Innovation. Ce modèle se base sur l'hypothèse que l'environnement est composé de facteurs d'influence qui ont un impact sur les projets de l'entreprise et que ceux-ci doivent posséder un capital compétence adéquate pour maitriser ces facteurs et atteindre les objectifs. Fort de ce cadre conceptuel, nous avons modélisé mathématiquement une organisation avec une approche coût/bénéfice pour comprendre le fonctionnement d'une organisation en mode « open ». Cela nous a permis de mettre en évidence le rôle de la structure organisationnelle et de la stratégie pour une politique d'Open Innovation. Enfin, en accord avec notre posture épistémologique d'action-recherche, nous avons développé un outil d'aide à l'orientation de l'action, RO²I (Relevant Organization for Open Innovation). L'objectif de cet outil est de proposé aux porteurs de projets, à t=0 du projet, une aide pour prendre en compte les aspects collaboratifs afin de mener leurs projets à bien et de choisir le bon modèle organisationnel pour inclure les compétences des partenaires. Nous avons pu tester la pertinence de notre proposition sur plusieurs projets passés d'une équipe d'innovation de rupture. Une fois validé, nous avons souhaité vérifier que notre outil était utilisable par les porteurs de projet, eux-mêmes, donc nous avons effectué une expérimentation sur deux projets en phase de démarrage dans les services supports de Solvay. Ce travail conclue sur la nécessité de posséder une organisation adaptée aux activités de collaboration et sur la nécessité d'un outil permettant de prendre en compte l'Open Innovation. Nous proposons, en perspective, d'utiliser cet outil pour mesurer la capacité à Open Innover d'une entreprise
Croissance, innovation et gestion dans les petites et moyennes entreprises industrielles du Nord-Ouest de l'Argentine : un modèle relationnel quantitatif by Julio César Rodríguez Rey( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This PhD exploratory research aims to better understand the link between the economic growth and the innovation capacity of small and medium companies (SME) of the north west of Argentina (Sánchez et al, 2011). The objective is to objectivate the impact of the newness of the products on performances thanks to a top down type research approach. In order to take innovation capacity of the companies into account, the Boly et al (2000) method is used: it allows the calculation of a potential innovation index specific to the company. This index is then compared to others descriptive variables of the growth trends of the companies (O'Regan et al, 2006). The functioning mode of each studied SME is described thanks an activity based model. These activities are linked with the evaluation of the acceptability of the company's products on the market. Thus acceptability is used as the main criteria to assess SME's performance (Pantano et Di Pietro, 2012). Then, data about the evolution of the environment are integrated to the approach in order to consider external variables influencing the industrial performances (Porter M. E., 2008). Methodologies developed during the research are: multicriteria methods to calculate the potential innovation index (Camargo et al, 2007). A mathematic linear regression model is developed to represent the growth evolution of each company. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis are also used. Experimental data are collected in companies in the North West of Argentina through maturity grids (Maier et al, 2012). Data about management practices and performance variables are collected simultaneously. Finally the external variables are described thanks and experts enquiry
Valorisation en circuit court de déchets thermoplastiques pour la conception par impression 3D de structures composites by Pavlo Javier Alejandro Santander Tapia( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La gestion des déchets plastiques est un problème majeur qui doit encore être résolu dans la perspective d'un développement plus durable des activités humaines. Parmi les solutions envisageables, le recyclage, est un moyen intéressant de revaloriser ses matières non renouvelables. Après des décennies de recyclage centralisé on observe aujourd'hui un intérêt grandissant pour les approches basées sur le recyclage distribué. Profitant de la démocratisation des technologies d'impression 3D open-source (OS) nous proposons de revaloriser localement les plastiques utilisables par ces technologies. Ce recyclage distribué peut être considéré comme une sorte de "réseau intelligent", composé de petites unités de recyclage coordonnées, qui fournissent des filaments de plastique recyclé à la communauté de l'impression 3D. La faisabilité technique de cette approche de recyclage du plastique a été prouvée dans la littérature. Cependant, sa faisabilité du point de vue de la chaîne d'approvisionnement et de la logistique doit encore être démontrée. Afin d'aborder cette question, cette thèse de recherche cherche à apporter des réponses à la question de recherche suivante : Dans quelles conditions est-il possible de déployer un réseau durable de recyclage local et distribué des plastiques en utilisant des technologies d'impression 3D open-source ? En tenant compte de ce qui précède, ce travail de recherche vise à proposer un cadre pour l'analyse et l'évaluation, du point de vue de la durabilité, de l'approche de recyclage distribué du plastique pour l'impression 3D. Le cadre d'évaluation proposé combine l'optimisation et la dynamique des systèmes dans l'évaluation de la durabilité de l'approche de recyclage. L'application du cadre d'évaluation à une étude de cas spécifique d'une université cherchant à mettre en œuvre un démonstrateur de recyclage distribué afin de récupérer les déchets d'impression 3D des collèges et lycées du nord-est de la France, a illustré la faisabilité du point de vue de la durabilité
Vers une ingénierie de systèmes sûrs de fonctionnement basée sur les modèles en conception innovante by Pierre Mauborgne( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Safety is an area which is increasingly stringent by designers. If Safety on components benefits from experience feedback on which the development of physical solutions can support, this is not the case when it comes to designing functional architecture of a product. The System Architect conceptualizes and designs a system that must provide service according to a defined level of performance; its framework, namely the System Engineering is incomplete for safety. In this way, the safety expert comes after architects, performs his/her own functional analyzes, disrupting the work and forcing loops that could be avoided. It should therefore, for industry to pay close attention to the alignment between the SE and safety. We got four results. The first one is a conceptual model of the Safe Systems Engineering. This conceptual model, divided into three views defines the concepts and relationships between the field of SE and that of safety. The assembly has a strong semantic consistency. The proposed macroprocess permits to define the architecture of a safe system. For this, we have divided into three design phases and four views. Thus, we developed a methodology on risk analysis in external view. Given the limitations of methods like Preliminary Hazard Analysis regarding the deliverables required by the ISO 26262:2011 (Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment), we proposed a new method for defining the Safety Goals associated for critical scenarios and another method for analyzing the functional architecture with a dysfunctional point of view to define the Functional Safety Requirements
D'un « diagnostic partagé » à « l'action partagée » : comment le mode projet Living Lab peut alimenter le processus d'aide à la décision du « faire la ville » en intégrant les citoyens pour une ville intelligente by Giang Tran Thi Hoang( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the current era, Smart City projects have to deal with big social, ecological and technological challenges such as digitalization, pollution, democratic aspirations, need to be safe, etc. The higher involvement of multi-stakeholders (such as citizens, users, engineers, researchers, elected representatives, etc.) in the different phases of the projects, is one strategy enabling a variety of perspectives to be considered and thus develop a shared vision of the city. Paradoxically, the dynamic and multiple nature of stakeholders appears to be a source of complications and uncertainty in the decision-making process. Getting a consensus, which means legitimizing a group decision-making process, is often difficult to reach because the different expectations, needs and behaviours. The main hypothesis of the present research is that the consensus process could be facilitated by human and automatic tools through identifying conflicting points and following their evolution after several rounds of discussion. This study will propose a general methodology for two kinds of decision-making process supporting the negotiation between stakeholders within a Living Lab environment, an automatic control system that substitutes the facilitator's actions and a process supervised by human facilitator. First, a methodology based on a multi-agent system is developed for automatic reaching consensus in large scale group of making decisions without facilitators and direct interaction. Then, a second methodology combining a human facilitator and ICT-based supporting tool. A proposition of multi-criteria and multi-stakeholders methodology supporting consensus reaching processes is used as decision support system tool in Smart City projects under Living Lab environment. Both Living Lab decision-making methodologies, the automatic and the supervised process, were developed, executed and validated in concrete case studies. Throughout using both methods, we can compare how different between the theoretical model and a process of experimenting decision-making tools in the real-life. The results of data analysis from experimentation provide suggestions to improve decision-making process of stakeholders with diverse objective and background in Smart City projects
Évaluation du potentiel de durabilité d'un projet de rénovation urbain en phase de pré-conception grâce à la conception à objectif désigné (COD) by Mohammadreza Mehrabanigolzar( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This research focuses on sustainability assessment in the upstream phase of an architectural project. This thesis points out the need to assess the impacts of pre-design's phases decisions on the sustainable development aspects. The upstream phase is very important because of their low cost and the large range of possible solution. As a consequence a tool or model is required that can help designers/Architects to identify sustainability potential in pre-design phase : this will constitute a "Decision aids tool" for architecture. Taking into account the impacts of sustainability in the upstream phase, the designer/Architects can achieve a different view and take advantage of these environmental effects to increase the level of sustainability of the project. The "Design to Objective" method (DTO) is used as an approach to provide a tool for decision support. This approach helps architects making decision. In addition, due to the DTO, all stakeholders in the field of construction can contribute to the programming phase. On the other hand, attention is directed toward the socio-cultural aspect which has been neglected by existing methods. This tool / software (SustainPro) has been experimented on four real projects in Iran. Experimental outcomes attest of the pertinence of the proposed approach
Intention d'apprendre et diversité des partenaires : effets simples et combinés sur le transfert de connaissances entre alliés by Hamid Mazloomi Khamseh( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Relying on knowledge based view; this study tests the effects of three concepts as the prerequisites for interfirm learning: Intent to explore, Existence of novelty, and Approach of exploration. The paper defines the existence of new knowledge to be learnt by the level of partner diversity and addresses approaches of exploration by the interactive effect of the explorative intent and partner diversity. The hypotheses are tested based on a survey over a sample of 114 French companies. Determinants of knowledge transfer between partners such as ambiguity of partner's knowledge, knowledge protection and trust are controlled. Using Tobit regression models, the findings show that the intent to explore is positively related with interfirm knowledge transfer. Moreover, an inverted U-shape relationship is observed between partner diversity and the effectiveness of interfirm knowledge transfer. Finally, the negative moderating effect of partner diversity on the relation of exploration and knowledge transfer highlights the effect of two approaches of exploration: depth and scope of exploration. In the accordance with the concept of depth of search we find that the interactive effect of similarity of partners with explorative intent is positive on interfirm learning. We also find that a broad search scope represented by the interactive effect of partner diversity and intent to explore has negative impact on interfirm learning
Améliorations des modèles et méthodes d'évaluation de l'acceptabilité des solutions innovantes. Applications dans le contexte du maintien à domicile des personnes âgées by Linda Stefany Acosta Salgado( )

1 edition published in 2021 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The ageing population constitutes a major societal challenge for public policies and health systems: delaying the age of entry into dependency and improving the well-being of the elderly people. Home care for the elderly is one of the main alternatives to address this reality. In recent years, many technological and organizational innovations have been developed to improve elderly home care. These solutions are not always perceived favourably by multiple stakeholders, which are not always in favour of integrating changes into their daily lives. In order to ensure the relevance of a solution for the home care for the elderly and to increase its acceptance, it is necessary to integrate an evaluation phase in the co-design process with future users and other stakeholders. Existing acceptability assessment models do not sufficiently consider the perceptions of multiple stakeholders or a benefit-risk vision. In this context, our research work aims to propose a generic model for assessing and improving acceptability and a method for adapting it to a type of product. The work carried out is divided into five contributions: (1) State of the art on the characteristics of acceptability assessment models, (2) Proposal of a generic model for assessing the acceptability of innovative solutions, (3) Exploration of the risks for elderly people staying at home and the impact of the introduction of an innovative solution on their reduction, (4) Adaptation of the model for assessing the acceptability of food products by elderly people, and (5) Adaptation of the model and experimentation for assessing the acceptability of a food product and associated services during the pandemic crisis period
Optimisation de la conception de la chaîne d'approvisionnement pour une bioraffinerie durable by Andrea Teresa Espinoza Pérez( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La croissance de la population mondiale et son effet sur la sécurité alimentaire et l'urgence du changement climatique, sont des facteurs qui favorisent des diverses innovations pour accroître l'efficacité de l'utilisation des ressources naturelles. Parmi lesquelles la biomasse est une ressource renouvelable d'une grande disponibilité. Une bioraffinerie peut transformer la biomasse en énergie durable, matériaux et des produits chimiques. Par contre, au début d'un projet de bioraffinerie, des décisions stratégiques doivent être prises. Et ainsi, le processus de décision doit tenir en compte diverses aspects, comme des conditions spécifiques du territoire où le projet est destiné à être déployé. Une étude récente montre que, bien que ce problème ait été traité par la communauté scientifique, l'accent est mis sur les facteurs de rentabilité économique. Cependant, considérer toutes les dimensions de la durabilité, «Économique», «Social», «Environnemental», «Technologique» et «Politique» est essentielle dans ce type de projets. Dans ces conditions, tous les outils d'optimisation disponibles ne conviennent pas. Par conséquent, une étude préliminaire sur les outils d'optimisation multi-objectifs est réalisée. Par la suite, une stratégie d'optimisation intégrant les dimensions de durabilité dans la phase amont du projet a été développée. En fin, le modèle développé a été appliqué à l'étude du déploiement de bioraffineries en Colombie. Ce modèle et son optimisation permettent une meilleure visibilité pour les décideurs, grâce à sa capacité de proposer des scénarios et d'évaluer les compromis de la durabilité en intégrant les préférences des parties prenantes
Intégration du point de vue de l'usager et du citoyen dans le processus d'innovation : le cas du déploiement d'un dispositif de mobilité électrique dans le Sillon Lorrain by Julien Hubert( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Reducing CO2 production policies in transport and technical progress, such as electric-car batteries increase in capacity, have opened up new prospects for electric-car. Furthermore, public institutions and private groups have engaged in encouraging and accompanying electric-car deployment. Despite this favourable context for the electric vehicle development, electric-car does not exceed 1.07% of the market share of vehicles in France. This thesis studies the subject of the electric-car deployment by Usage and Innovation inputs. In other words, how the constructing use process could dialogue with the innovation process? We have formalized car's user context by an ecosystemic representation. Then, we propose a methodology (RUI) which will be able to capture, capitalize and evaluate the three knowledges Representations (R) -before use-, Uses (U) -during use- and Instrumentalizations (I) - long-term use- constitutive of an indidividual use construction. Knowledge analysis will identify brakes and levers of electric-car emergence and conditions within they operate. It permits also to identify actors concerned by the identified use blockages. Thus, we offer the elements to develop electric-car deployment scenarios in the Sillon Lorrain territory
Methodological proposition to evaluate polymer recycling in open-source additive manufacturing contexts by Fabio Alberto Cruz Sanchez( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Since the beginning of the XXI century, we can recognize that several technical (r)evolutions have changed the way we conceived our world. New realities have appeared thanks to the information and communication technologies (e.g. Internet), peer-to-peer dynamics (e.g. open software/hardware, collaborative economy), new means of production (fablabs, hackerspaces), among others. One of the impacts of this technical ecosystem is the individual's empowerment that changes the relationship between consumer and producer. For instance, we observe an evolution of role passing from a passive consumer towards an active prosumer, where this latter considers not only economic aspects, but also social and environmental issues.This thesis is integrated in this global issue; indeed, throughout the manuscript we analyze about the impact of open-source (OS) Additive Manufacturing (AM) (also as known as open-source 3D printing or just 3D printing) in the light of the sustainability issues. The democratization of OS AM and the creation of spaces for co-creation (e.g. FabLabs) proved the interest for changes in the established roles. Therefore, we are interested in how this OS technology could develop sustainable waste management options through a polymer recycling process. In a first phase, we present the concept of additive manufacturing (AM) and its importance on sustainability issues. A systematic literature review related to the material recycling advances in the commercial and open-source (OS) AM is developed with a focus on thermoplastic polymer recycling.In a second phase, our aim is to validate open-source AM systems as a reliable manufacturing tool. We develop and test an experimental protocol in order to evaluate the dimensional performance using as case study a representative OS 3D printer: called FoldaRap. It was found that the International Standard Tolerance Grade of this machine is situated between IT14 and IT16. We conclude that the dimensional performance of this case study is comparable to the commercial AM systems, taking into account the important different in terms of machine cost. In a third phase, we center our attention on the recycling process and we propose a systematic methodology to evaluate the feasibility of the use of recycled thermoplastic polymer in OS 3D printers. A case study is developed with the evaluation of the recycling process using polylactid acid (PLA). The results allow us to conclude that the use of recycled PLA is technically feasible. Nevertheless, the degradation of the material is more important than in other traditional manufacturing systems (e.g. injection). Finally, we concludes and propose as perspectives, the study of a distributed recycling process for other type of polymers
Conception d'outils d'information et de technologie pour soutenir le processus de créativité et d'innovation by Pedro Chávez Barrios( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This research thesis is focusing in creativity, innovation and collaborative creative process. There is a need to build new technical and innovative systems that can emulate a valuable human behavior consisting of visualizing and giving life to their ideas. This approach involves creativity ability and involves, as a process, many concepts such as discovery, creation, sociability, refinement and communication. This research's missions to design informatics and technological tool to support creativity during the creative phases in a creativity workshop. To achieve the design of this tool, there are several objectives to achieve during the time requested for this research. The research context is a creativity workshop “48H”, mobilizing students, professors, industrials, experts working with ideas by mean of exploratory combinatory, and transformational techniques and collaborative creative methods. To build a tool for that kind of creative event, we need research how to consider the Human Knowledge Sharing Model and how a proposed System can develop a Semantic Approach to compare Idea Cards in 48H Creativity Workshop. The main purposes of this research are to understand the knowledge sharing during a creativity workshop and to study the human organization in a creativity workshop and its general process, particularly. We study the event 48 Hours of creativity (48H) as a creative and innovative process where ideas are the final product. This event is performed in Nancy, France at the University of Lorraine (ERPI Laboratory). We design an intelligent system based in multi-agents (MAS) also to develop and annotation system. We propose a semantic approach to manage ideas and the global design system. The practical implications of our model permit to use creativity, collaborative creative methods and new technologic modern methodologies, as new tools designed to build creative and innovative systems. Some pertinent fields and models take part on this research such as multi-agent system (MAS), semantic web, ontology, organizational model to highlight knowledge and knowledge reuse organizational model KROM
De la conception de produit à la conception de filière : Quelles méthodologies pour les étapes amont de l'innovation ? by Brunelle Marche( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis contributes to scientific research through different aspects. First of all, the product/supply chain couple, traditionally thought of in a causalistic way, was considered through the prism of the complexity paradigm. This theoretical contribution underlines the need to co-design the product/supply chain couple in order to mitigate the efforts associated with launching an innovative product on the market and to ensure its success. However, an empirical study has pointed out that few companies consider the supply chain when designing their innovative product. In this context, supply chain design engineering was developed based on product design data in order to design, specify, validate and implement the supply chain of a new product. This engineering is divided into three major stages: a co-design stage, a positioning stage and an evaluation stage. The co-design stage aims to collect and process the product design data provided by the project team. An instantiated supply chain model was developed to collect the data needed to design the supply chain which is then processed to facilitate modeling. The positioning stage aims to highlight the role of the innovative company within the various supply chain scenarios obtained. Based on the Harmony for System Engineering process and its Rational Rhapsody® tool, this step details the supply chain from a point of view of requirements, stakeholders, processes and behavior (each represented by different diagrams) in order to elaborate different scenarios. Finally, the last step aims to evaluate these supply chain scenarios in order to establish a coherent strategy. Indeed, many researchers have shown that an agile supply chain is better able to support an innovative product when it is launched in order to adapt more quickly to changes (organizational, tactical, marketing, environmental...). Consequently, a framework based on observable phenomena has been developed to facilitate the implementation of an agility strategy, which makes it possible to evaluate the typology of the current supply chain and decide which actions to implement to obtain a more agile supply chain. This engineering has been tested with manufacturing companies
Methodological approach for the sustainable design of structured chemical products during early design stages by Juliana Serna Rodas( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Emulsion based chemical products, which belong to the category of micro-structured chemical products, have a broad range of commercial applications. Despite their importance, there is not a general methodology for their design. With the aim to contribute to the progress on this matter, this research presents a product design methodology focused on emulsion design with the following characteristics: it proposes methods for customer needs analysis, product ideas generation and selection of the best product alternative. It considers the multivariate nature of emulsion design by taking into account the multiple effects of design variables into product properties. It integrates sustainability concepts into the product design process. The methodology comprises three design stages: needs stage, ideas generation stage and ideas selection stage. In the needs stage, customer needs are first analyzed and classified according to their effect on customer satisfaction and second translated into product specifications with the aid of experts and customers. The input is customer needs, i.e., statements expressing customers' desires about the product, and the output corresponds to product specifications, i.e., product characteristics that can be measured. To perform this stage two methods are used: Kano model and Quality Functional Deployment. In ideas generation stage, product concepts accomplishing product specifications are generated in three sub-steps: First, problem specifications are classified into a predefined group of design sub-problems. Second, each sub-problem is connected with one or more pre-defined solution strategies through a prefilled relational matrix. Third, compatible solution strategies are selected and connected to ingredients and processing conditions through a second relational matrix. As result, a set of product concepts is generated. Thisprocedure is developed by the implementation of two relational matrices proposed in this research based on emulsion science and expert knowledge. The first connects sub-problems with solution strategies and the second connects solution strategies with ingredients and processing conditions. In the selection stage, generated product concepts are evaluated according to product specifications. In addition, appropriated sustainability indicators are included to assess and rank product alternatives according to a global sustainability index. To perform this stage, a set of indicators are selected and integrated by the implementation of multi-criteria analysis methods. The application of the methodology is exposed with a case study: the design of a moisturizing cream
Évaluation de la capacité à innover : une approche par auto évaluation et suivi supporté par des analyses multicritères dynamiques by Daniel Galvez Manriquez( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

One of the most important challenges in the current industrial policy of developed and emerging countries is to support innovation in SMEs, issue which has been approach as a problem only dependent on the availability of resources. Innovation capability does not have an appropriate framework of evaluation, mainly because of its complexity and abstract nature. Without proper indicators, it is not possible to establish objectives and identify the efforts and resources necessary for its improvement. In response to this, the ERPI laboratory has developed an evaluation approach of innovation capability, taking into account internal practices to promote innovation. A field of knowledge has been developed in this direction allowing for the proposal of a novel metrology, the Potential Innovation index (PII), based on multi-criteria analysis methods for studying the dynamics within companies. In this thesis, we propose an optimization model that replicates the evaluation procedure of innovation capability to generate an action plan, i.e., the model returns concrete points in which companies can work to improve its innovation system. The model considers factors such as the particular situation of the company, the economic efforts associated with the proposed strategy, the goals of the entrepreneur, etc. Three optimization strategies are proposed: access to a higher category with a minimum of effort, maximize resource efficiency and maximize innovation performance with a defined budget. Scenarios are simulated to test the results of the implementation of the different strategies
Gestion des connaissances lors d'un processus collaboratif de créativité by Alex Gabriel( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This research work aims to propose a creative support system according to a multi-agent architecture in order to manage the knowledge needed and produced during a creative workshop. This work contributes to the scientific research with regard to various aspects. Beforehand designing any system, a review of the current creative supports systems is carried out in order to determine their limits concerning the creative process and collaboration mode. To fix these limits, a knowledge engineering approach is adopted. It implies that creativity is considered as a collaborative and organizational process in order to infere its activities, but also competences and knowledge required to realize these activities. This information permits to better assist individuals in their activities. Based on this organizational modeling of a creative workshop, the organization of computational agents that would contribute to manage knowledge is deduced. Based on the same modeling, creative workshop ontology is created in order to provide a representation of the environment and shared knowledge to agents. Multi-agent architecture for creative support system permits to explore new knowledge processing approach notably for idea evaluation. An idea evaluation methodology based on multi-criteria analysis methods is suggested. In addition to this methodology, automatic idea processing based on naturel language processing is experimented in order to assist evaluators. The meaning of this research work is in the generalization of emergent creative practices as open innovation and creative workshops in organizations and companies
 
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Alternative Names
ERPI (Nancy)

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French (13)

English (7)