WorldCat Identities

Merlin, André (19..-....; professeur)

Overview
Works: 17 works in 21 publications in 1 language and 23 library holdings
Roles: Thesis advisor, Opponent, Other
Publication Timeline
.
Most widely held works by André Merlin
Couleur et qualité des placages de chêne et étude de leur comportement photochimique by Jean-François Mazet( )

2 editions published in 1988 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans la première partie, on a cherché à traduire par des mesures objectives l'appréciation professionnelle de la qualité de l'aspect des placages de chêne. Dans la seconde partie, on s'attache à mieux comprendre les mécanismes d'altération de la couleur des placages au cours de l'exposition à la lumière du jour, tout en s'intéressant à quelques moyens possibles de protection
Durabilité de l'aspect naturel et conféré du bois : Amélioration par des traitements chimique et thermique by Abdelaziz Ahajji( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The improvement of the durability of the surface aspect of a wood covered with a clearcoating is a veritable economic issue as far as outdoors use of timber is concerned. The variability of the photochemical behaviour of the various wood objects is assigned to the nature and the content of the extracts. First, we analyzed the natural color of a broad range of wood species of varied origins and its durability during a photochemical ageing. Correlations between the variations of the chromatic coordinates and the origin, the content and the antioxidant properties of the extracts were investigated. Second, we have attempted to improve the stability of a conferred wood color by environmentaly friendly treatments: impregnation by durable wood extracts and heat treatment. EPR was used to follow the kinetics of the radical species formations involved in the wood photodegradation. The last part was devoted to the study of the stabilization of the wood aspect by chemical modification of the phenolic chromophores of the wood components
Rôle des molécules phénoliques dans la photopolymérisation : application à des résines de finition pour le bois by Moustapha Sylla( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The use of environnement kind finishes such as photocurable resins onto wood is difficult because of the material reactivity. We studied the influence of phenols chosen as model wood extractives onto the photopolymerization of acrylates. Kinetics of radical curing were investigated by differential scanning (photo)calorimetry to compare phenols reactivity following the nature of initiation (thermal or photochemical) and the action of photoinitiators used. Our results are in good agreement with the interaction mechanisms between phenols/transient species arising from investigations by transient absorption and electron spin resonance spectroscopies. Mechanical properties of acrylate films were characterized by thermomechanical analysis and some structural defects of the cured networks were highlighted depending upon the photoinitiator used. Further developments of this study concern the characterization of coloured phenolic compounds and the use of initiators efficient in visible light
Développement de résines thermodurcissables et de haute performance à base de tannins : une étude fondamentale by Renaud Garcia( Book )

2 editions published in 1998 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'objectif de ce travail était de caractériser par analyse mécanique dynamique (DMA) et résonance paramagnétique électronique (RPE) les réactions de polycondensation et le comportement mécanique d'adhésifs à base de tannins (pin, pécan, quebracho naturel ou fintan) en présence, ou non, de bois et en présence de différents durcisseurs (silice, formaldéhyde, hexamine, urée, diisocyanate alcool furfurylique et leurs mélanges). Dans un premier temps, nous avons cherché à approcher les mécanismes de la polycondensation de résines à base de tannins en présence de bois par DMA. Ces adhésifs naturels comportant différents noyaux phénoliques, nous avons étudié la polycondensation de systèmes modèles à base de formaldéhyde : adhésifs phénol-formaldéhyde et produits phénoliques monomères- formaldéhyde (phénol, pyrogallol, catéchol, phloroglucinol et résorcinol). L'étude du séchage de polymères non réticulables (PEG, amidon, CMC et colle vinylique) a permis d'interpréter les résultats obtenus avec les adhésifs phénoliques synthétiques ou naturels. La DMA en flexion trois points permet en effet de suivre l'évolution des macromolécules d'adhésif en présence de bois : développement linéaire puis tridimensionnel. La DMA permet de déterminer la température de formation du réseau d'enchevêtrement (forces secondaires), la température du début de la formation d'un réseau tridimensionnel (liaisons covalentes), ainsi que la température de gélification de la résine employée et la densité moyenne du réseau final obtenu. Nous nous sommes ensuite intéressés à l'autocondensation naturelle des tannins. La résonance paramagnétique électronique nous a permis de suivre la partie radicalaire de cette réaction, de mesurer le rôle de la réaction radicalaire d'autocondensation par rapport au mécanisme ionique, et d'évaluer l'influence d'additifs sur la partie radicalaire de la réaction de condensation des tannins
Rôle des absorbeurs UV inorganiques sur la photostabilisation des systèmes bois-finition transparente by Foued Aloui( Book )

1 edition published in 2006 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This project deals with a new inorganic UV absorber able to answer a 2nd generation requirements. Two new inorganic products have been developed and tested for this purpose. Because wood is a natural material, heterogeneous and dynamic, the weathering exposure results were rather variable, not only according to the wood species and type of resin used but also according to the type of ageing. In parallel to the weathering exposure tests, the effect of the UV absorbers onto physical, chemical and mechanical properties of finishes was investigated by implementing some analysis techniques as TMA analysis, mechanical tests, UV-visible and ESR spectra. It appears that the quality of the UV absorber to attenuate UV radiation is a fundamental element in determining photostabilisation effectiveness. In the other hand, contrarily to organic UV absorbers, the inorganic products increase the coating Tg value after weathering exposure. These phenomena can lead in particular to the crack formation
Synthèse et caractérisation de nouveaux absorbeurs-UV hybrides : Application à la protection du bois by Daniel Kervern( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Wood is the predilection material for house construction. Strong of its physical properties and its aesthetic aspect, its potential development is considerable. However, its constituents and mainly lignins, can react with UV radiation leading to photodegradation phenomena via complex radicalar mechanisms. These results induce surface discolorations in case of outdoor long-term irradiation (at a lower scale indoor). The dispersion of efficient UV-absorbers at wood surface appears then as a promising cure for this problem. In this prospect, common UV-absorbers (Ti02, ZnO, ... ) turn out to be little convincing because of the white coloration they induce at the surface (diffusion phenomena due to their high refractive index). Our team has been investigating for a few years now on hybrid organic-inorganic materials, based on polyoxomolybdates and organoammonium cations, which present a large variety of compounds. Among these, some built on a 1 I oo[Mo8026]4- chain structure exhibit interesting UV-absorption properties. We thus chose to study this new class of compounds, poorly known so far, which possesses a lower refraction index thanks to their organic part. Thereby, we should expect no alteration of wood natural color. In this way, the issues of this work are the synthesis and the characterization of new hybrid UV-absorbers, and their application at the surface of wood samples towards UV behaviour tests
Etude de systèmes de finitions pour bois : application de nouvelles formulations, vieillissement et amélioration des performances by Youcef Irmouli( )

1 edition published in 2007 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'origine naturelle du bois génère des difficultés quant à la durabilité de la finition. Ces difficultés sont liées à son anatomie et aux substances extractibles qu'il contient. La première partie de ce travail étudie les finitions photosensibles utilisées en menuiserie industrielle pour leurs avantages notamment, la limitation des émissions de COV. Nous avons suivi par photocalorimétrie la réticulation de résines acryliques sous irradiation monochromatique à 366, 420, 440 et 450 nm, avec filtre à 450 nm et en toute lampe. Les résultats obtenus montrent la possibilité de réticuler des finitions photosensibles par la lumière du soleil grâce à l'utilisation de systèmes photoamorceurs puissants dits de seconde génération. L'influence des absorbeurs UV sur la réticulation amorcée par ce système est également abordée. Les performances des systèmes de finition ainsi obtenus ont été évaluées par un vieillissement accéléré au QUV. La deuxième partie est une étude exploratoire dont l'objectif est le développement d'un anti-UV minéral nanodispersé de deuxième génération de composition et de morphologie optimisées pour une application spécifique d'absorbeur UV. Nous avons testé trois produits: CUB, HTB et RNE. Au cours d'un vieillissement extérieur au QUV, les performances de ces absorbeurs se sont révélées encore insuffisantes
Caractérisation physico-mécanique d'un composite bois polymère by Jonathan Guidigo( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La présente étude fait suite à d'autres qui proposent une solution de récupération des déchets plastiques et de bois pour en faire un matériau de construction en composite bois-polymère. La particularité de ce travail de recherche est que la matrice thermoplastique utilisée est un ensemble de différents polymères pris dans des proportions bien définies. Les pourcentages considérés pour la matrice obtenue représentent les parts de déchets de polymères que l'on retrouve dans la ville de Cotonou (Bénin). Cette étude a consisté à fabriqué des échantillons de composite bois polymère CBP par extrusion, à les étudier à travers des tests physico-mécaniques et à les mettre en relation avec les échantillons fabriqués avec une méthode artisanale déjà existante. D'une part, nous avons étudié séparément la sciure de bois et la matrice thermoplastique en déterminant les constituants chimiques de la sciure de bois, et en effectuant une analyse physico-mécanique (analyse thermogravimétrique, test en flexion compression et traction, analyse du faciès de rupture au MEB) sur le renfort et la matrice. D'autre part nous avons évalué l'influence de l'ajout de 20%, 25%, 28% et 30% de sciure de bois sur les propriétés mécaniques (compression, flexion et traction). Les résultats obtenus révèlent que la sciure de bois se comporte comme un renfort lorsque l'échantillon est sollicité en compression et en flexion. La sciure de bois joue le rôle de charge lorsque les échantillons de CBP sont sollicités en traction. Par ailleurs, la sciure de bois améliore la rigidité des CBP en traction. Les résultats mécaniques obtenus par extrusion sont nettement meilleurs que ceux issus des méthodes de fabrication artisanale. Les analyses thermogravimétriques effectuées sur les échantillons de CBP issus de la méthode artisanale révèlent que lors de leur fabrication, ces échantillons sont soumis à des températures (supérieure à 300°C) qui entament la dégradation des polymères et de la sciure de bois dans les CBP
Contribution à l'amélioration de la compatiblilité interfaciale fibres naturelles/matrice thermoplastique via un traitement sous décharge couronne by Mohamed Ragoubi( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The field of composites materials shows increasing use of biodegradable matrices and / or natural reinforcements from renewable resources. Nevertheless, a compatibilization step between fiber and matrix is necessary. In this PhD study, we have explored a physical method: corona treatment. Its impact on the physicochemical properties of different fibres has been studied by XPS, contact angle measurement and SEM. It appears that it mainly involves surface oxidation and roughness increase. We have also evaluated the mechanical behaviour of composites, prepared by extrusion from hemp or miscanthus fibres and polypropylene (PP) or polylactic acid (PLA) matrices. The incorporation of raw reinforcements increases the stiffness and the stress transfer. Composites based on treated fibres show better mechanical performances, resulting from an enhanced mechanical anchorage. The optimum values are obtained for 20% (wt) fibres content. The thermal and thermomechanical properties of composites have been characterized by TGA, DMA and DSC. The thermal stability of materials is reduced after incorporation of raw reinforcements but very much improved (+ 15 - 20 ° C) after treatment of fibres. Under certain conditions, the fibres act as nucleating agents that affect the crystallization process and crystallinity rate. The corona treatment of fibres does not delay the degradation of materials during an accelerated aging in humid environment and the evolution of the thermomechanical properties is more pronounced for PLA based materials because of its hydrophilic character
De l'étude des paramètres physico-mécaniques des revêtements vers le développement de finitions performantes sur bois en extérieur by Lise Malassenet( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Wood used outdoors is subject to aesthetic damages and to dimensional variations due to alternation of dry and wet periods. Therefore, a protection with a coating is recommended. Coatings need to be soft enough to follow variations of wood and at the same time hard enough to be able to withstand possible damages (impact). Hence, mechanical properties of coatings play a major role in their service life. However in Europe, coating performances are mainly assessed through weathering tests followed by visual assessments, color and gloss measurements and adherence tests. The aim of this work is to develop a thorough methodology to assess coating performances in order to better understand the resistance of coatings to weathering. The final objective of this project is an industrial development of innovating wood coatings for outdoors with good performances to weathering during their service life. Through our study, performances of commercial coating were assessed using conventional standardized tests from the EN 927 series but also with other methods in order to gain an extensive understanding of their physic-mechanical properties. Hence, damping and indentation tests on coated wood were investigated as well as tensile tests on free films. Persoz pendulum was particularly used as a tool to approach easily and quickly mechanical properties of coatings. This work established a link between damping test results and coating performances exposed to artificial and natural weathering. Tensile tests on free films have supported these results as a good correlation between damping hardness and some mechanical properties was found. Last but not least, the analysis of damping hardness variations versus weathering time has lead to a better understanding in the development of damages and to the establishment of performance specifications. These results allowed us to select and formulate new UV-curing formulations for outdoors. They are made of a mixture of monomers and oligomers combined with photoinitiators. At this stage, the methodology developed to assess performances has allowed the selection of the best constituents to ensure good performances to weathering
Adsorption des polluants organiques et inorganiques sur des substances naturelles : Kaolin, racines de Calotropis procera et noyaux de dattes by Bahia Meroufel( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Le premier objectif des études présentées dans cette thèse est de caractériser un gisement argileux kaolinique de la région du sud-ouest Algérien qui n'a jamais été exploité auparavent, d'améliorer les propriétés de surface de cette argile suite à des modifications réalisées par revêtement avec un aminosilane (APTES) ou par échange cationique avec un agent tensioactif (CTAB), ce qui nous a permis de développer les sites actifs à la surface de ce matériau. Les matériaux préparés ont été caractérisés par DRX, ATG, IRTF, MET et MEB. Deux autres matériaux d'origine végétale d'une grande abondance au sud-ouest Algérien qui sont les racines de la plante Calotropis Procera et les noyaux de dattes de Feggous sont aussi caractérisés. Le second objectif de cette étude est l'application de ces matériaux dans l'élimination de différents types de polluants en solutions aqueuses : métaux lourds (Zn(II) et Mn(II)) et Colorants synthétiques anionique et cationique (Rouge Congo et Violet de gentiane) pour une mise en évidence de l'efficacité des matériaux argileux et végétaux vis-à-vis de l'adsorption de ces polluants. L'étude de l'adsorption consiste à discuter les effets du temps de contact, pH et la concentration initiale du soluté en utilisant une technique d'adsorption en batch. L'effet de la température a permis de réaliser une étude thermodynamique pour définir la nature des phénomènes d'adsorption. En outre, différents modèles de cinétique (premier et second ordres) et d'isothermes d'adsorption (Langmuir et Freundlich) sont utilisés pour l'évaluation de la capacité des supports kaoliniques naturel et modifiés (K08, KC et KS) et des supports végétaux (CP et ND) à adsorber ces polluants organiques et inorganiques. Le kaolin naturel (K08) a montré une bonne affinité vis-à-vis tous les polluants avec des capacités d'adsorption remarquables ; cette capacité a considérablement évolué par la modification. Le kaolin modifié (KS) s'avère le meilleur adsorbant pour ces types de polluants (métaux lourds et colorants synthétiques). Les racines de CP présentent une très bonne affinité pour les métaux lourds, alors que les noyaux de dattes donnent des résultats plus remarquables pour la biosorption des colorants
Performances des assemblages par tourillons soudés by César Segovia-Brandt( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Wood welding with dowel high speed rotation without any adhesives in wood furniture joints has a very important resistance. A wood joint is a method which makes it possible to maintain together two parts according to the consumer's requirements (esthetic, mechanic resistance, life cycle) and the wood industry politic. This work is framed in the structural solid wood welding by mechanic friction to use in joineries, cabinet makings or constructions. We will show the feasibility of the welding joint design obtained with rotary friction using a traditional drill press and an automatic welding machine, which allows us to find furnishing's industry applications.This process, which has been studied only for some years (2001), has been discovered in a polymer contribution study in the adhesion of solid wood. It can be carried out by linear alternative frictions or by rotation of a cylindrical part (called dowel) in a drilling of smaller diameter. In both case, the rise of temperature generated by frictions produces the fusion and the mixture of the lignocellulosic matter, which makes it possible for the two pieces to be welded without any matter contribution but only with the fibers' tangle.The objective of this work is the parallel and perpendicular fibers joints, the most used in the furnishing design, through three kinds of assembly: bevel, half-lap and the groove and tongue joint. About the parallel fibers joints, we made the comparison between the ones welded, the ones nailed and the last ones gluing. For the type T perpendicular joints, comparison has only been made between the welding and those of gluing ones. For the type L perpendicular welding, the study was carried out according to the procedure CTBA L-161 (2000) of French Standard NF P 20-501. Finally, about the panels, we showed the laminated-welded without adhesive joints performance
Les finitions poudres appliquées sur le bois et matériaux dérivés : optimisation du procédé industriel, étude des relations finition/substrat et fonctionnalisation by Julia Bessières( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Powder coatings, successfully used in the metal industry, represent today an alternative to the systems currently used for wooden substrates. This technology allows first to respond to the needs of manufacturers of furniture and carpentry as it is in perfect agreement with the European Directive 1999/13/EEC on the reduction of VOC emissions. In addition, the arrival on the market of thermosetting formulations at low temperature or UV polymerization allows to apply this technology to heat-sensitive substrates such as wood and derivates. Currently, powder coating gives very good results in terms of quality on the fiberboard (MDF). Other promising results have also been obtained on plywood or solid beech. Study the factors influencing the process, in particular the nature of the substrate and its preparation, powdering and baking settings are the main objectives to optimize this process on an industrial scale. Furthermore, interactions substrate-powder coating, in addition to the chemical characteristics of resins, seem to define the final quality of the system and its durability against aging. An additional axis of the study is to verify the possible functionalization of powder coatings provide particular roles, such as for example the provision of an antibacterial property or the adsorption of surrounding VOC
Synthèse et caractérisation des nanocomposites biodégradables élaborés par trois procédés (intercalation en solution, polymérisation in situ et par voie fondue) by Mohamed Amine Zenasni( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'introduction des nano-charges dans le milieu des polymères donna naissance aux nanocomposites et révolutionna l'univers des matériaux. Les nanocomposites sont à l'instar des composites traditionnels, un mélange de polymère et d'une charge avec au moins une dimension nanoscopique. Dans le cadre de notre projet, nous avons travaillé avec des nanocomposites à base des polymères biodégradables : polyacidelactique et polycaprolactone, combinés avec différentes nano-argiles «kaolin et bentonite» et avec différentes nano-organo-argiles. Ces nanocomposites ont été préparés par différentes méthodes (intercalation en solution, polymérisation in situ et la méthode de la voie fondue). L'avantage de ces polymères est dans leur dégradabilité ainsi que leur biocompatibilité. Une étude des relations entre l'élaboration, la microsctructure et les propriétés physico-chimiques des nanocomposites, des argiles modifiées par 3-aminopropyltriéthoxysilane (APTES) et Bromure d'Hexadecyltriméthy ammonium (CTAB) et des argiles non traitées ont été réalisés. La polymérisation in situ et le mélange à l'état fondu sont les méthodes les plus appropriées pour obtenir une meilleure dispersion nommée exfoliation. L'étude de la capacité d'adsorption du Co (II), Cd (II), Cu (II) et Ni (II) par ces deux adsorbants bruts (kaolin et bentonite) croit considérablement avec l'augmentation du pH. Cette capacité est 2 fois et demie plus importante dans le cas de la bentonite que dans celui du kaolin. L'étude comparative des cinétiques d'adsorption, nous a révélé une cinétique rapide de l'ordre de 6 min dans le cas du cobalt, 10 min dans le cas du nickel, 15 min dans le cas du cadmium et une cinétique moyenne de l'ordre de 120 minutes pour Cu (II) aussi bien pour la bentonite que pour le kaolin. L'étude de l'adsorption du Co (II), Cd (II), Cu(II) et Ni (II) par ces matériaux (argiles brutes, argiles organiquement modifiées et nanocomposites préparés par différentes méthodes) montre que la capacité d'adsorption de ces métaux lourds est importante dans le cas de l'argile modifiée par APTES
La lignine : étude de son potentiel en tant que résine photosensible pour la photolithographie 1D et 3D by Kamila Furtak( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The goal of this work was to develop and to evaluate new, original and bio-based resist for lithographic application. To reach this purpose, we have selected various types of lignin and study the influence of lignin fractionation in different organic solvents on the final resist properties. We have chosen this photosensitive and crosslinkable polymer due to its great abundance and to its currently poor valorisation as a chemical feedstock, as well as the versatility of the functional groups that were directly responsible for its reactivity. We have investigated the photoreactivity of lignin-based resist at 395 nm, using LED light sources. Based on the FTIR and UV-vis monitoring, we have investigated and quantified the structural changes occurred during photoresist exposure to the light. However, they were more visible during the irradiation conducted in the air than in the inert atmosphere. Moreover, we have established the link between chemical structure of lignin and its reactivity observed by sensitivity, contrast and resolution tests. Additionally, we have proposed reasonable mechanisms based on literature data according to which lignin crosslinking occur under UV-visible photons. They comprised the formation of intermediates structures, chromophores, or low molecular weight volatile compounds, as well and crosslinking reactions. Finally, we have demonstrated that it was possible to fabricate one-, two- and three-dimensional structures from "just-fractionated" lignin photoresist by two-photon polymerisation achieved by direct laser writing
Étude de la formulation et des propriétés mécaniques et thermiques du béton de balles de riz by Edem Chabi( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Everyone agrees today that human activities significantly affect the climate of the planet. The construction sector is one of the main contributors to this situation as it is the largest energy consumer and the second largest CO2 emitter in the world. It is therefore important to build eco-friendly buildings, which consume little energy and emit less greenhouse gases throughout their life cycle. The present study is then integrated into a general problem of development of innovative building materials with reduced environmental impact. We propose to use the rice husk as a vegetable aggregate in a cementitious matrix. The objective of the work is to propose a method for the mix design of concretes based on plant aggregates and to study the mechanical and thermal behavior of rice husk concrete. Setting tests on pure cement paste formulated with water resulting from the infusion of the rice husk showed that these aggregates had no inhibiting effect on the setting of the cement. To confirm this hypothesis, a chemical analysis of the rice husk was carried out and the results showed that the extractable ratio of rice husks is almost zero, unlike other plant aggregates such as hemp and wood. The proposed formulation method consists in determining the packing density of the plant skeleton for a given method of implementation and then in proportioning the binder paste which will occupy the residual intergranular pore volume. The paste is consisted of the binder, the effective water, the possible additions and admixture, and trapped air and/or entrained air. For a given volume of air (and additions), the quantities of cement and effective water are then adjusted to achieve the targeted performances, based on the law of Féret. However, for this type of concrete, the large volume of entrained air also depends on the quantity of cement and water present in the mixture, the intensity of the mixing and the casting mode. A model describing the volume of residual air was then calibrated from tests carried out with the components of the concrete that it is desired to manufacture. Finally, the problem of formulation is solved by using a numerical optimization module. In order to validate the model, the method for the mix design was applied to five samples with a target resistance of 0.5; 1; 2; 4 and 8 MPa. The performances obtained are quite similar to those targeted. In addition, it has been observed that the preservation mode of the specimens has a significant influence on the mechanical strength of the material. Indeed, a cure in desiccation condition can reduce the mechanical resistances up to 60%. The best resistances obtained were observed on the specimens preserved at 95 % RH. Measurements of thermal conductivity have shown that rice husk concrete is a very good alternative to more conventional systems in terms of thermal insulation. The average value of the thermal conductivity of the rice husk concrete varies depending on the binder dosage between 0.070 W/(m.K) and 0.171 W/(m.K). The evolution of the thermal conductivity as a function of the density and the cement dosage is linear
Développement de matériaux composites écologiques à base de résines de tannins et de renforts de fibres végétales by Arnaud Nicollin( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Tannins are plant chemicals that show a good reactivity and so they can replace similar products from oil chemistry. This is the case for condensed tannins that have reactivity mechanism similar to that of the phenol. They have been used for several years in wood glues, but no in depth study have been carried out on their potential in composite manufacturing. The work presented here can be split into three projects aiming at the development of composite materials of high performances using both tannin based resins and natural fibers reinforcement. 1. The first project aims to develop a thermosetting composite based on the same tannin/hexamine resin already as glue for particleboards. A previous study shown that it was feasible but numerous problems needed to be solved in order to obtain a reliable and competitive manufacturing process. 2. The goal of the second project is the study and the development of composites which matrix is based on a copolymer of tannin and furfuryl alcohol. Furanic resins show good properties and their capability to react with phenolic compounds makes them potential candidates for the manufacturing of high performances composites. 3. The last project's objective is the production of acetylated tannins by using similar methods than that used for lignin, to check if they present the same thermoplastic behavior and if yes, to test them in composite manufacturing
 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.93 (from 0.77 for La lignine ... to 0.96 for Couleur et ...)

Languages
French (21)