WorldCat Identities

Laboratoire Génie électrique et électronique de Paris (Gif-sur-Yvette, Essonne / 1998-....).

Works: 121 works in 121 publications in 2 languages and 121 library holdings
Roles: Other
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Essonne / 1998-....) Laboratoire Génie électrique et électronique de Paris (Gif-sur-Yvette
Réseau de communication courant porteur en ligne pour la collecte d'informations et le diagbostic d'équipements embarqués dans l'aéronef by Mickael Brison( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This work focuses on the feasibility of a Power Line Communication (PLC) network for transmitting predictive maintenance data on avionics power lines. PLC is identified as a solution to increase the number of information exchanged without modification of the wiring already present in the aircraft. The approach taken in this thesis deals with the adaptation of existing PLC solutions on the market so that they can be deployed on a conventional avionics network. These modifications include lightning protection and coupling circuits to ensure the communication over the power network. Experiments were conducted to verify the performance that PLC solutions could expect by using the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) as a comparison paramater.A circuit allowing to respect lightning protection constraints and that allow PLC transmissions has been identified and evaluated by means of simulations and laboratoy experiments. This modificatiosn allowed us to cincrease the SNR of the PLC link up to 40dB. Coulpling circuits on commercial CPL modems have been optimized to better adapt PLC signal to the avionic environment. The design of these circuits is completely described, including the realization of the HF transformer for impedance matching. Once the changes were made, we performed a series of conducted emissions measurements that generated the chipstets to verify their compliance with the CEM DO-160 standarts. The tests focused on conventional modems and modified modems related to conventional avionics equipment. These tests showed us that, without the proposed modifications at the level of the coupling circuit, it is impossible to communicate on very noisy lines. In the case of noise generated at the limit of the DO-160 standart, our modified modem achieves a data rates of 46 Mbps for transmission and 36 Mbps for reception. In this last manipulation, we reach in a worse case of disturbances a data rate higher than the specifications needed
Une Topologie CA-CC Baseé sur un Convertisseur Modulaire Multiniveau Entrelacé Faisible à Applications de Transformateur d'Électronique de Puissance by Davi Rabelo joca( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This work aims to present thetheoretical study, the numerical analysis and theexperimental validation of a power electronicsconverter topology based on an interleavedmodular multilevel converter with mediumfrequencytransformer. The architecture issuitable for the AC-DC stage in solid-statetransformer applications for the connectionbetween a medium-voltage AC grid and a lowvoltageDC grid. The interleaving reduces theswitch conduction losses. The 10 kHz mediumfrequencytransformer provides galvanicisolation and connects the interleaved modularmultilevel converter to a full-bridge converter.From the converter structure, the principle ofoperation, the modeling, the modulationtechnique, and the control scheme are discussed.One feature of the converter is the simultaneousgeneration of the low-frequency grid voltageand the medium-frequency transformer primaryvoltage. The capacitor voltage balancing and thecirculating currents minimization are combinedtogether in a single algorithm. The controlsystem regulates the AC current and the DC busvoltage, on the high-voltage side, and the DCvoltage and power flow, on the low voltage side.The experimental validation of the converter ismade with a scaled-down single-phase 720 Wprototype. The results demonstrate the controlsystem stability in steady-state and dynamic(load step, power flow inversion) operations
Modélisation tridimensionnelle des matériaux supraconducteurs by Lotfi Alloui( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We present a contribution for three-dimensional modeling of coupled electromagnetic and thermal phenomena in high temperature superconductor. The control volume method is used for the resolution of the partial derivative equations characterising of the treated physical phenomena. The electromagnetic and thermal coupling is ensured by an alternate algorithm. All mathematical and numerical models thus developed and implemented in Matlab software, are used for the simulation. The results in magnetic term and those in thermal term are largely presented. The validity of the suggested work is reached by the comparison of the results so obtained to those given by the experiment
Thermomagnetic Convection in Ferrofluids : Finite Element Approximation and Application to Transformer Cooling by Raphaël Zanella( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We propose to make use of thermomagnetic convection, a characteristic phenomenon of ferrofluids, to improve heat transfer in transformers. The governing equations consist in the Navier-Stokes equations under the Boussinesq approximation, the energy conservation equation and the magnetostatics equations. The simulations are performed with the in-house parallel code SFEMaNS (Spectral/Finite Element for Maxwell and Navier-Stokes) for axisymmetric geometries, using a spectral decomposition in the azimuthal direction and Lagrange finite elements in the meridian plane. In order to solve this specific problem, various developments are brought to SFEMaNS, such as the implementation of the Kelvin and Helmholtz magnetic forces. The code is first applied to the cooling of a coil in a cylindrical tank containing either transformer oil or transformer oil-based ferrofluid. The results show that the use of the ferrofluid reduces the maximum temperature in the system due to thermomagnetic convection and the change of the fluid thermophysical properties. The influence of different parameters (volume fraction of nanoparticles, presence of a ferromagnetic core, nanoparticle magnetic properties) is investigated. In particular, the simulations confirm the benefit of magnetic nanoparticles with a low Curie temperature. We also show on this example that two magnetic body forces equal up to a gradient, such as the Kelvin and Helmholtz forces, give the same flow. A good qualitative agreement is found between the numerical and experimental results using transformer oil or ferrofluid. The code is then applied to the cooling of an electromagnetic system close to a 40 kVA (20 kV/400 V) transformer. The results show again a reduction of the maximum temperature when using ferrofluid
Caractérisation radioélectrique des satellites de télécommunications du futur by Téegwendé Serge Balma( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Nowadays, the radioelectric charac-teristics of satellites are directly measured by means of a com-pact range basis. However, the limits of these bases are affected by the growth of the satellite dimensions, in addition to the number and the complexity of the integrated an-tennas.On the other hand, near field techniques formed a promising solution under the planar range form. These techniques consist of measuring the radiated field near the source and accordingly deduce the far field by the means of mathemati-cal analysis.The purpose of this thesis is to adapt near field techniques for testing telecommunication satel-lites. In fact, these techniques are widelyused for antenna pattern measurements. However, a theoretical development has to be completed and measurement methods need to be proposed for testing all payload parameters. Unfortunately, specific difficulties related to the satellite function (transponder) and the limited access to antennas and satellite electronics have to be taken into account in the implementation of these measurement methodologies.Finally, the near field measurements are affected by many causes of errors. The identification of the error sources and the evaluation of their contribution to the final results constitute an important part of the thesis work. The global study allows dimensioning a complete measurement system with a good optimization
Ingénierie des propriétés optoélectroniques du graphène by Hakim Arezki( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This work was structured around the modulation of the electronic properties of graphene obtained via the CVD growth on copper substrate and/or the graphitization of the carbon atoms in the SiC substrate. One of the objectives was the design of electrodes (front or rear) for photovoltaic cells, among other applications. Different doping techniques have been implemented for modulating the work function (WF) and the electron mobility i.e. the incorporation of nitrogen in-situ during the growth, ex-situ incorporation by nitric acid and/or nano gold colloids (AuCl3). In this work, various characterization techniques were employed including atomic force microscopy (AFM), Raman spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS and UPS), electrical transport measurements by Hall and field effect. These techniques have enabled us to determine the homogeneity , thecrystalline quality of the material, the carrier density, the electrical resistance and the electron mobility of different intrinsic and doped samples. Furthermore, we showed that it is possible to modulate the WF graphene by fabricating a heterostructure composed of PECVD amorphous silicon doped N or P deposited onto the graphene. This approach is of particular interest for replacement of ITO with graphene as transparent electrode. This result was confirmed by the study detailed spectra of the XPS and Raman vibrational states. The electronic transport measurements showed a charge transfer at the interface of the heterojunction graphene/amorphous silicon. The variation observed depends not only on the type of doping of the amorphous silicon but also on the crystallinity of the latter. This approach can readily be adapted to photovoltaic devices
Étude des décharges partielles et de leur transition à l'arc dans la connectique aéronautique du futur by Redouane Boukadoum( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The objective of the more electrical aircraft project is the replacement certain of the hydraulic and pneumatic systems by electrical ones. This drastic technological transition will require the increase of the onboard electrical power, which will result in the increase of voltage levels of the embedded networks. Current systems of 28 VDC and 115 VAC (400 Hz) are to be replaced by +/- 270 VDC and 230 VAC (360 to 1000 Hz). These new conditions of voltage levels will have a significant impact on the appearance of partial discharges that were almost absent up until present. Aeronautical grade electrical connectors being one of the major elements of embedded networks, the aim of this thesis is to study the conditions of occurrence of partial discharges in them. In this work, electrostatic modeling is carried out in order to identify the zones within the connectors where there is a strong electric field facilitating the appearance of partial discharges. Also presented are the results of experiments under both DC and AC voltage in which the ignition voltages of partial discharges and their location within the structure of the connector were studied
Gestion énergétique de véhicules hybrides par commande optimale stochastique by Qi Jiang( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis presents a comparative study between four recent real-time energy management strategies (EMS) applied to a hybrid electric vehicle and to a fuel cell vehicle applications: rule-based strategy (RBS), adaptive equivalent consumption minimization strategy (A-ECMS), optimal control law (OCL) and stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) associated to driving cycle modeling by Markov chains. Pontryagin's minimum principle and dynamic programming are applied to off-line optimization to provide reference results. Implementation and parameters setting issues are discussed for each strategy and a genetic algorithm is employed for A-ECMS calibration.The EMS robustness is evaluated using different types of driving cycles and a statistical analysis is conducted using random cycles generated by Markov process. Simulation and experimental results lead to the following conclusions. The easiest methods to implement (RBS and OCL) give rather high fuel consumption. SDP has the best overall performance in real-world driving conditions. It achieves the minimum average fuel consumption while perfectly respecting the state-sustaining constraint. A-ECMS results are comparable to SDP's when using parameters well-adjusted to the upcoming driving cycle, but lacks robustness. Using parameter sets adjusted to the type of driving conditions (urban, road and highway) did help to improve A-ECMS performances
Caractérisation et modélisation des émissions rayonnées par le câblage des systèmes électroniques embarqués by Wissem Yahyaoui( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The calculation of radiated electromagnetic (EM) fields from wiring systems such as cables in automotive/aeronautic applications is an important issue for the prediction and the prevention of EM Interference (EMI) and EM Compatibility (EMC) problems. Many numericalmethods of electromagnetic modeling are available and can be used for EM analysis. Amongthese methods, the Partial Element Equivalent Circuit method (PEEC) is particularly wellsuited. Usually the PEEC approach is an efficient way to deal with circuit simulation ofdistributed structures. In automotive/aeronautic applications, the electronic systemsoperate at increasingly higher frequencies. So, the radiation of cables cannot be neglected. A3D model based on the PEEC method was proposed in order to take into account the size ofautomotive wiring systems. It includes resistive, inductive and capacitive effects. This 3Dapproach was shown to accurately predict the conducted disturbances by cables above largeground planes.In this work a new 3D calculation approach based on Maclaurin expansion is developed toevaluate the radiated fields with the PEEC method. The originality of this work is consideringboth radiated and conducted disturbances in the framework of a PEEC method for large sizestrcutures. In a first step the current carried by the conductors are determined from thecircuit model deduced with the 3D PEEC method. Then in a second step the field radiated bythe wiring systems is evaluated using an analytical calculation deduced from the distributionof currents.The third part of this work is to identify the disturbances generated
Conception et réalisation de micro-capteurs à magnéto-impédance pour le contrôle non destructif by Tao Peng( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La capacité à détecter des micro-défauts ou des défauts profonds dans les pièces métalliques constitue un enjeu important pour l'industrie de l'aéronautique ou du nucléaire. La technique de contrôle non destructif (CND) par courant de Foucault est souvent utilisée pour cette application. Cette thèse s'inscrit dans le cadre d'une collaboration ayant pour but la réalisation et l'intégration de micro-capteurs de champ magnétique basés sur l'effet de magnéto-impédance (MI) à des systèmes de détection par CND. Ces micro-capteurs de structure multicouche (ferromagnétique/conducteur/ferromagnétique) ont été élaborés en salle blanche par dépôt de films minces. Un traitement thermique sous champ magnétique a ensuite permis d'optimiser les propriétés du matériau et d'induire des anisotropies dans le plan des couches ferromagnétiques. Une méthode basée sur la double démodulation d'amplitude du signal de mesure a été proposée pour la caractérisation dynamique des capteurs. Les paramètres importants tel que la géométrie, l'anisotropie et la fréquence d'excitation ont été étudiés afin d'optimiser les caractéristiques. Les résultats ont montré la nécessité de polariser les capteurs en champ. Nous avons donc étudié la possibilité de réaliser, grâce à une technique de micromoulage épais, un microsolénoïde 3D et des travaux préliminaires sur l'intégration d'un capteur dans le microsolénoïde par transfert de film ont été effectués. Enfin, une étude théorique a été réalisée en tenant compte des résultats obtenus expérimentalement. Pour cela, le modèle de Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) a été implanté dans un code de calcul électromagnétique par éléments finis permettant de calculer l'impédance du capteur en fonction du champ magnétique appliqué
Contrôle non destructif du sol et imagerie d'objets enfouis par des systèmes bi- et multi-statiques : de l'expérience à la modélisation by Xiang Liu( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The work presented in this thesis deals with the resolutions of the direct and inverse problems of the ground radar (GPR). The objective is to optimize GPR's performance and its imaging quality. A state of the art of ground radar is realized. It focused on simulation methods and imaging techniques applied in GPR. The study of the use of the discontinuous Galerkin (GD) method for the GPR simulation is first performed. Some scenarios complete of GPR are considered and the GD simulations are validated by comparing the same scenarios' modeling with CST-MWS and the measurements. Then a study of inverse problem resolution using the Linear Sampling Method (LSM) for the GPR application is carried out. A study with synthetic data is first performed to test the reliability of the LSM. Then, the LSM is adapted for the GPR application by taking into account the radiation of antenna. Finally, a study is designed to validate the detectability of underground electrical cables junction with GPR in a real environment
Modélisation numérique du couplage thermique-photoélectrique pour des modules photovoltaïques sous faible concentration by Marko Pavlov( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The poor utilisation of the inter-row irradiation limits the production of photovoltaic (PV) modules. The "Aleph" project explores the potential of adding inter-row planar reflectors to increase the system yield, and defines clear rules for optimal settings of such systems in a given location and under a given climate. This work presents a multiphysics model of the system, numerical simulations of its behaviour, and the comparison with experimental data. Two PV module technologies are tested: amorphous silicon (a-Si) and polycrystalline silicon (p-Si). The experimental data show significant gains in produced energy brought by the reflectors. The gains are higher for a-Si modules compared to p-Si. The modelling work combines a Monte-Carlo ray-tracing optical model (EDStaR), a photo-electric model (SPICE), and an empirical thermal model. The complete model is calibrated with measurements using an evolutionary algorithm. Once calibrated, the model demonstrates good performance in predicting the module power output as a function of atmospheric and irradiance data
Étude et conception d'un groupe motopropulseur électrique à faibles niveau vibratoire et sonore pour véhicule électrique. Aspects "contrôle - commande" by Mohammad-Waseem Arab( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In a global context governed by multiple economic, energetic and environmental factors, the transition towards transportation modes with zero polluting emissions seems inevitable. Hence, automotive manufacturers are investing increasingly in the development of electric powertrains in anticipation of the market needs. Among the different electric motors technologies considered for this application, the switched reluctance motor (SRM) presents attractive characteristics for the industry.The work presented in this thesis aims to elaborate solutions in response to the points still hindering the adoption of the SRM in electric vehicles. First, torque regulation of an SRM intended for an electric traction is analyzed. Taking into consideration the requirements of the application in hand, a regulation strategy is developed through the integration of two methods which complement each other over the studied SRM range of operation.In the second part, the subject of current regulation in the SRM is discussed. The issues related to current regulation in SRMs disposing of high current dynamics are firstly identified. Then, two current regulators, each adapted to different implementation conditions, are presented and validated through simulations.The last part of this thesis discusses the acceleration jerks induced at very low speeds and their repercussions on driving comfort . Indeed, electric traction introduces a new aspect on this rather classic issue. An anti-jerk control law, composed of two control actions, is developed. Simulations have shown the conformity of the performance obtained with the proposed control law with the target industrial specifications
Technologies de fabrication pour les convertisseurs de puissance intégrés by Chenjiang Yu( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Power Electronic converters are now widely used in all areas of energy conversion. They are tools that cannot be ignored in any process of managing electrical energy transfers from the lowest powers levels (a few mW) to several tens or even hundreds of MW. Power electronics technologies are currently undergoing a double mutation linked to the possibilities offered by integration technologies on the one hand and the arrival of new Wide-Band-Gap power semiconductor components on the other hand.In this thesis supported by the French ANR, we studied and evaluated the potentialities associated with the integration of traditional power components (Silicon) as well as those based on Wide-Band-Gap materials (GaN). We have developed new technological processes for the integration of GaN components with a lateral structure and silicon components with a vertical structure. The application context of this thesis is linked to the problematic of increasing the level of electrification in new generation of aircrafts.For Wide-Band Gap GaN type power devices with a lateral structure (low voltage), we proposed a new method of device-attachment to a metalized ceramic substrate (DBC) and we demonstrated that this solution made it possible to considerably improve the thermal management of these components. On the basis of these structures, we also presented and evaluated modeling methods allowing the design of the whole packaging. This modeling, using numerical tools based on finite element method or analytical equations, deals with two aspects of the design: the predetermination of the thermal behavior and the predetermination of the electrical and electromagnetic behavior (with regard to the conducted aspects)For components with vertical structures (high voltage), we have demonstrated the technological feasibility of an alternative solution to traditional packaging (assembly on a DBC substrate and electrical connection by wire bonding process). The proposed process allows, by embedding the power dies in the PCB, to carry out a 3D interconnection making it possible to reduce the parasitic loop inductances mainly linked to the parasitic inductances of the bondwires. This has been demonstrated on a converter prototype. Embedding power devices is thus particularly suitable in the case of components with very fast switching capabilities
Développement d'une méthodologie pour l'évaluation de l'exposition réelle des personnes aux champs électromagnétiques by Ashish Rojatkar( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The work presented in the thesis is directed towards addressing the requirement for determining the radio frequency (RF) exposure due to mobile phones under typical usage/ real-life scenarios and also to develop a method to predict and compare mobile phones for their real-life RF exposure. The mobile phones are characterized for their specific absorption rate (SAR) and for transmit and receive performance given by the over-the-air (OTA) characterization. Using the SAR and the total radiated power (TRP) characterization, an exposure index referred to as the SAROTA index was previously proposed to predict the real-life exposure due to mobile phones which would also serve as a metric to compare individual phones. In order to experimentally determine the real-life RF exposure, various software modified phones (SMP) are utilized for the study. These phones contain an embedded software capable of recording the network parameters. The study is undertaken in the following order: (a) Characterization of the available tools and resources for performing targeted measurements/experiments, (b) identifying the important radio resource parameters and metrics to perform the targeted measurements, (c) investigation of the actual implementation of the power control mechanism in a live network for various received signal level and received quality environments, (d) investigating the correlation of the over-the-air performance of the mobile phones and the extent of actual power control realization, (e) comparing the actual exposure and the real-life exposure as predicted by the SAROTA index. Based on the logistical and technical challenges encountered, the experiments were restricted to indoor environments to enable repeatability. During the first phase of the study, the stability of the indoor environment was evaluated. During the second phase, the influence of hand phantom on the SAR and TRP of the mobile phones and the capability of the SAROTA index to predict the exposure was investigated. Further developing on the insights from the hand phantom experiments, in the third phase, a set of identical software modified phones were externally modified to alter the TRP performance and the methodology to determine the real-life exposure and also verify the capability of the SAROTA index to predict the exposure levels was investigated. The experiments demonstrate that the SAROTA index is capable of predicting the real-life exposure and comparing the mobile phones
Architecture de convertisseur statique tolérante aux pannes pour générateur pile à combustible modulaire de puissance-traction 30kW by Emmanuel Frappé( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the objective of fuel cell power increase in order to satisfy energetic requirements for embedded applications, a solution consists in increasing the size of fuel cell stack assemblies. As possible consequence, fluidic or thermal disparity problems may occur in the fuel cell core and lead to the appearance of faults. The fuel cell, which is a low voltage-high current electrical source, needs to be connected to the on-board electrical network thanks to a static converter. This latter can be used in order to perform a corrective action in the aim of reducing disparities in the stack and also correcting resulting faults. In this perspective, the converter should permanently get information about fuel cell state of health. Hence, a fault detection and identification method for PEMFC has been explored. This method which is simple and requires only few sensors is based on 3 voltage measurements judiciously selected and localized over the stack. Using “spatial” information which corresponds to the position of the sensors, allows to identify some characteristic faults. The principle of the localized fault detection leads to consider the segmentation concept for the fuel cell, which in our case is electrically split into three parts and allows an independent control of each segment by the power converter. Electrical action can be “all or nothing” or moderated ones. The latter offers more degree of freedom, and is less constraining from an electrical point of view. In order to execute the action, study of multiple power converter topologies have been done. Among the candidate topologies, current structures are preferred, as well as the necessity of a galvanic isolation required by the segmentation concept. The resonant isolated boost is the adopted structure; as it meets at best the whole criteria. Thus the global converter assembly is composed of three single structures which offer modularity, independent action on each segment, and continuity of service thanks to degraded modes. The detection method is hence implemented in the converter control strategy. This Ph.D. thesis ends with the complete sizing of a power converter pre-prototype together with technological choices for the active, passive and associated cooling components
Comportement d'un arc électrique impulsionnel de forte intensité : cas du disjoncteur modulaire by Gauthier Déplaude( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The modular circuit breaker protects low-voltage lectrice installations against short-circuit faults. The electric arc generated in the arc chamber of the circuit breaker upon opening of the circuit is divided into several arcs in an assembly of multiple metallic plates, in order to limit the current and isolate the fault.The work set out in this paper focuses on the short-circuit current limitation phase. A model arc chamber represents in a simplified way the environment of the electric arc during this phase. The arc is initiated by a high-voltage pulse between two fixed metal plates, the current wave is transient and of high intensity.The relevance of the experimental setup is validated by comparison of the phenomena that it allows to observe with those encountered in the circuit breaker. Particular attention is paid to the arc voltage, which is a determining feature for the performance of the limitation. The influence of the material of the electrodes is studied, distinguishing the substrate from a possible coating
Quantification of the parametric uncertainty in the specific absorption rate calculation of a mobile phone by Xi Cheng( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis focuses on parameter uncertainty quantification (UQ) in specific absorptionrate (SAR) calculation using a computer-aided design (CAD) mobile phone model.The impact of uncertainty, e.g., lack of detailed knowledge about material electricalproperties, system geometrical features, etc., in SAR calculation is quantified by threecomputationally efficient non-intrusive UQ methods: unscented transformation (UT),stochastic collocation (SC) and non-intrusive polynomial chaos (NIPC). They are callednon-intrusive methods because the simulation process is simply considered as a blackboxwithout changing the code of the simulation solver. Their performances for thecases of one and two random variables are analysed. In contrast to the traditionaluncertainty analysis method: Monte Carlo method, the time of the calculation becomesacceptable. To simplify the UQ procedure for the case of multiple uncertain inputs, it isdemonstrated that uncertainties can be combined to evaluate the parameter uncertaintyof the output. Combining uncertainties is an approach generally used in the field ofmeasurement, in this thesis, it is used in SAR calculations in the complex situation. Oneof the necessary steps in the framework of uncertainty analysis is sensitivity analysis (SA)which aims at quantifying the relative importance of each uncertain input parameterwith respect to the uncertainty of the output. Polynomial chaos (PC) based Sobol'indices method whose SA indices are evaluated by PC expansion instead of Monte Carlomethod is used in SAR calculation. The results of the investigations are presented anddiscussed.In order to make the reading easier, elementary notions of SAR, modelling, uncertaintyin modelling, and probability theory are given in introduction (chapter 1). Thenthe main content of this thesis are presented in chapter 2 and chapter 3. In chapter 4,another approach to use PC expansion is given, and it is used in the finite-differencetime-domain (FDTD) code. Since the FDTD code in the simulation solver should bechanged, it is so-called intrusive PC expansion. Intrusive method already investigatedin details in other people's thesis. In chapter 5, conclusions and future work are given
Méthodologies pour la modélisation des couches fines et du déplacement en contrôle non destructif par courants de Foucault : application aux capteurs souples by Houda Zaidi( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The objective of this thesis is the development of modeling tools for eddy current testing (ECT). Currently there is a tendency to use flexible sensors which represent a viable solution for inspecting parts with a complex surface. The main objective of this thesis is the development of techniques for taking into account this kind of sensors within the finite element method (FEM).When modeling a flexible sensor with the FEM, three issues have to be considered. The first one is related to the mesh of thin regions that appear in this kind of configuration (sensor-inspected part distance, thin coating...). The meshing of these regions with simplicial elements can cause numerical problems (distorted elements when a coarse mesh is considered and high number of unknowns when a fine mesh is used). The second issue is related to the displacement of the sensor on the part surface. If the different subdomains (air, part, sensor ...) are properly remeshed for each position of the sensor, the required time can be penalizing. The third issue, related to the modeling of a flexible sensor, is the computation of the current in distorted sensor coils.A comparison of different approaches has led to select the overlapping element method, which allows to simultaneously consider the thin regions with nonconforming meshes. This method allows to perform the connection of two surfaces which can be non-planar and/or have different geometries. The overlapping method has been implemented in two dual formulations (magnetic and electric) in 2D and 3D and integrated in the computation code (C++) DOLMEN of LGEP. The overlapping method has been validated for several kinds of thin regions (air, conductive regions, magnetic regions, flat coils...). The modeling of flexible sensors also requires the establishment of a technique for properly imposing the current in an inductor of arbitrary shape. A technique has been selected and implemented for conventional (volumic) distorted coils but also for flexible flat coils. Different test configurations have been considered in order to validate the developments and the results have been compared with analytical references or experimental solutions
Modélisation des rayonnements électromagnétiques par des sources équivalentes - Application à l'électronique de puissance by Lotfi Beghou( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

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Alternative Names

Génie électrique et électronique de Paris

Group of electrical engineering, Paris

Laboratoire de génie électrique de Paris

Laboratoire de génie électrique et électronique de Paris

Laboratoire de Génie Electrique et Electronique de Paris facility in Gif-sur-Yvette, France


UMR 8507


Unité mixte de recherche 8507

French (14)

English (6)