WorldCat Identities

Maestro, Patrick (19..-....).

Overview
Works: 13 works in 14 publications in 2 languages and 17 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Opponent, Thesis advisor, Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Patrick Maestro
Solution-processable oligomeric and small molecule semiconductors for organic solar cells by Mylène Le Borgne( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Organic solar cells appear as a promising technology within photovoltaic field owing to their low-cost fabrication and their great flexibility enabling a widespread distribution. For now, they are still at the prototype stage due to their limited efficiency and lifetimes. Many efforts were realized in designing new materials as they are involved in every steps of the photovoltaic process and thus they dictate the cell efficiency. Along this thesis, two series of electron-donating semi-conductors were designed and synthesized. The first series consist in three oligomers containing three diketopyrrolopyrrole units, a well-studied chromophore. Those oligomers absorb up to the near infra-red region, a very interesting feature for light harvesting. Through the engineering of electron-rich spacers, various twists were generated in the oligomers backbone. The oligomer showing a coplanar conformation appears to be the most crystalline and thus exhibits the best charge transport properties with a hole mobility of 10-3 cm².V-1.s-1. However, bulk heterojunction organic solar cells, this high crystallinity results in an unfavorable morphology and a PCE inferior to 1%. As for the second series, the four small molecules combined 3,3'-(ethane-1,2-diylidene)bis(indolin-2-one) (EBI), an electron deficient unit, and various electron-rich units such as thiophene (EBI-T), benzofuran (EBI-BF) and bithiophene (EBI-2T). Among EBI derivatives, EBI-BF demonstrated the highest hole mobility of 0.021 cm².V-1.s-1 in field effect transistors due to its coplanar conformation. Meanwhile, in bulk heterojunction solar cells, the highest PCE of 1.92% was obtained with EBI-2T:PC61BM blend owing to a more appropriate morphology and the broadest absorption spectrum of EBI-2T
La synthèse solvothermale de fines particules de dioxyde de cérium by Éric Verdon( Book )

2 editions published in 1991 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Des cristallites de dioxyde de cérium de taille submicronique ont été préparées par une nouvelle méthode: la synthèse solvothermale. Les précurseurs du matériau, solubles dans le solvant ou en suspension dans celui-ci, sont portes à haute pression (15 a 50 MPa) et haute température (200°C à 500°C) dans un domaine proche des conditions hypercritiques du système. Le comportement thermique des microcristallites de dioxyde de cérium obtenues a été comparé a celui des particules préparées par des méthodes conventionnelles
Synthèse de polymères poreux à base de PEG-DA par voie microfluidique et pour une application en tant qu'isolant acoustique by Alexandre Turani-I-Belloto( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The fabrication of thin, solid and insulating coatings containing small porous particles is the major challenge of these works. Several key points need to be raised to succeed. First, a good material for the particles has to be found, we chose a soft polymer, PEG-DA. Then, the choice of the synthesis routine to make porous polymers is crucial. A technique using UV photopolymerization and dissolution of sacrificial porogen (CaCO3) will be used. Next, we will decide to make porous particles by microfluidics to obtain well controlled sizes and good monodispersity. The last step will be about the dispersion of those particles in a matrix to create coatings. Acoustics measurements will show the acoustic response of PEG-DA in ultrasounds. Moreover, this work will also permit us to study the frontal photopolymerization of transparent and scattering media and to present a method with Monte-Carlo simulations to describe conversion profiles of polymer as a function of intensity and path length. Other studies will present drying of PEG-DA hydrogels and dissolution of CaCO3 through those hydrogels. A physical model will be proposed to describe the competition between kinetics and acid diffusion
Solution-processable oligomeric and small molecule semiconductors for organic solar cells by Mylène Le Borgne( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Organic solar cells appear as a promising technology within photovoltaic field owing to their low-cost fabrication and their great flexibility enabling a widespread distribution. For now, they are still at the prototype stage due to their limited efficiency and lifetimes. Many efforts were realized in designing new materials as they are involved in every steps of the photovoltaic process and thus they dictate the cell efficiency. Along this thesis, two series of electron-donating semi-conductors were designed and synthesized. The first series consist in three oligomers containing three diketopyrrolopyrrole units, a well-studied chromophore. Those oligomers absorb up to the near infra-red region, a very interesting feature for light harvesting. Through the engineering of electron-rich spacers, various twists were generated in the oligomers backbone. The oligomer showing a coplanar conformation appears to be the most crystalline and thus exhibits the best charge transport properties with a hole mobility of 10-3 cm².V-1.s-1.iiiHowever, bulk heterojunction organic solar cells, this high crystallinity results in an unfavorable morphology and a PCE inferior to 1%. As for the second series, the four small molecules combined 3,3'-(ethane-1,2-diylidene)bis(indolin-2-one) (EBI), an electron deficient unit, and various electron-rich units such as thiophene (EBI-T), benzofuran (EBI-BF) and bithiophene (EBI-2T). Among EBI derivatives, EBI-BF demonstrated the highest hole mobility of 0.021 cm².V-1.s-1 in field effect transistors due to its coplanar conformation. Meanwhile, in bulk heterojunction solar cells, the highest PCE of 1.92% was obtained with EBI-2T:PC61BM blend owing to a more appropriate morphology and the broadest absorption spectrum of EBI-2T
Contribution à la fabrication de nanoparticules en utilisant des techniques microfluidiques et applications à la libération d'actifs by Jiang Xu( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Les nanoparticules de polymère (NP) sont une technologie prometteuse pour la libération contrôlée d'actifs . Elles permettent de protéger les drogues et de les délivrer de façon continue. Toutefois pour que cette technologie devienne mature, il est nécessaire de mieux contrôler la synthèse de ces objets. Afin d'atteindre cet objectif, cette thèse propose deux nouvelles méthodes de synthèse basée sur les technologies microfluidiques. Ces méthodes permettent d'encapsuler des drogues hydrophiles et hydrophobes et permettent d'atteindre des taux d'encapsulation supérieurs à ceux mesurés dans la littérature (80% avec une masse de 20% de drogue). Ces approches ont été appliquées à l'encapsulation de l'oxyde de fer
Procédés catalytiques et outils millifluidiques : applications aux réactions de Friedel-Crafts et d'oxydation. by Kevin Olivon( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La recherche de nouvelles méthodes pour l'acquisition de données physiques et chimiques de réactions en limitant les effet néfastes sur l'Homme est d'une grande importance pour la chimie moderne. L'utilisation de nouveaux outils miniaturisés permet de limiter les quantités de produits chimiques utilisées tout en augmentant la productivité de la recherche. En effet, l'étude de différents paramètres contrôlés simultanément permet d'augmenter le nombre d'expériences pour un temps donné. Malgré tout, cette étape doit être réalisée après détermination au préalable des paramètres clés de la réaction par l'utilisation d'outils haut débit tels que la robotique. Cesdifférents outils sont utilisés pour l'optimisation et la recherche d'une nouvelle voie de synthèse d'une réaction d'intérêt industriel.De plus, pour répondre à l'intérêt de la catalyse hétérogène dans l'industrie pour la séparation facilitée et le recyclage de ces catalyseurs, nous avons développé deux outils miniaturisés. Cesderniers permettent l'étude et l'acquisition de données de réactions chimiques catalysées par des solides. Le développement s'est inscrit en deux étapes : une caractérisation physique des outils puis l'étude d'une réaction modèle industrielle, l'acylation de l'anisole par des catalyseurs de type zéolite
Conception d'un dispositif microfluidique de synthèse en continu du poly(acide acrylique) en milieu hétérogène eau/CO2 supercritique. by Hongyu Chen-Jolly( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In this work, a continuous microfluidic device was developed to perform the synthesis ofpoly(acrylic acid) in supercritical CO2 (15 MPa and 75°C). This high pressure resistantdevice allows generating segmented flows in microcanal: an aqueous solution of monomerwas dispersed in a mixture of ethanol in CO2 containing initiator AIBN. The distribution ofdifferent components in this biphasic system has been determined by IR spectroscopyaccording to the pressure and the temperature. The thermal decomposition of AIBN indifferent reaction media has been investigated using UV-Vis spectroscopy. During thereaction, the droplets were used as reservoirs which insure the transfer of monomer to thecontinuous phase. Because of this rapid transfer compared to the reaction conversion, thepolymerization reaction was carried out continuously with a constant molar ratio betweenmonomer and initiator throughout the residence time (up to 41 min). It has been showed thata large range of molecular weights of poly(acrylic acid) (20 000 and 120 000 g.mol-1) withlow polydispersity index (1.35 à 1.70) can be obtained by just changing the initial monomerconcentration in the droplets. The effect of other parameters influencing the properties ofpoly(acrylic acid) as well as the locus of polymerization have been discussed
Développement d'outils millifluidiques pour l'acquisition de données physico-chimiques sur des systèmes de polycondensation by Inês Vasconcelos( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This work originated from a Rhodia's Process Intensification project, where new physicochemical data are needed. We have developed at the laboratory new millifluidic devices which operate in conditions previously unexplored: up to 300 °C and 50 bar. A rheological study on nylon salt solutions was carried out and a new correlation based on the experimental results was provided. It is now used in the design of the industrial process of polyamide-6,6 synthesis. Moreover, a kinetic study on the polymerization of ethylene glycol with adipic acid allowed us to determine the kinetic coefficients of the reaction and the corresponding activation energy. Finally, a millifluidic process where the water produced by the polymerization reaction is eliminated by stripping and membrane separation was also developed, allowing for the chemical equilibrium to be shifted. A model describing this process has also been proposed
Cinétiques de concentration de suspensions colloïdales par évaporation microfluidique : de la solution diluée aux cristaux colloïdaux by Aurore Merlin( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette thèse est consacrée à l'étude de processus de concentration de solutions colloïdales par voie microfluidique, pour former des matériaux denses et structurés. A partir d'un outil basé sur la perméation de l'eau à travers le PDMS : le microévaporateur, nous proposons de contrôler le séchage de solution pour maîtriser la concentration de solutés afin de former des états denses organisés au choix, alternant cristaux et états amorphes de colloïdes. En adaptant les outils de microévaporation à différentes techniques d'observations, la nucléation et la croissance d'états denses ont été finement étudiées et correlées à un modèle simple de la microévaporation. Ces études expérimentales ont montré le contrôle précis qu'apporte le microévaporateur sur les cinétiques de concentration d'espèces chimiques pour la formation d'états denses de particules.Des études complémentaires ont aussi mis en évidence l'existence d'une dynamique de construction de cristaux colloïdaux avec des réorganisations au niveau du front ainsi qu'un effet de compaction présents lors de la croissance de l'état dense
Microfluidique et diffusion de rayonnements : des outils pour l'étude cinétique de la polycondensation du silicate by Fanny Destremaut( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Une étude haut-débit de la polycondensation du silicate est réalisée grâce à des outils robotisés couplés à des mesures macroscopiques (turbidité, gélification). Cette approche permet de dégager les limites de gélification d'un silicate industriel ainsi que les mécanismes mis en jeu. Cette thèse présente aussi deux outils miniaturisés basés sur des technologies microfluidiques, adaptés à des mesures in-situ et sous écoulement de diffusion des rayons X aux petits angles et de diffusion dynamique de la lumière. Ces outils permettent d'étudier les mécanismes de la polycondensation du silicate de sodium dans le procédé industriel, à des échelles de temps courtes (1 à 10 s)
Acquisition de données en conditions non-conventionnelles par l'utilisation de gouttes comme microréacteurs de polymérisation dans un réseau millifluidique by Nicolas Lorber( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The aim of this thesis work is the development of a miniaturized droplet-based millifluidic tool which allows to safely synthesize and investigate polymerization reactions in harsh or “extreme” conditions.For this purpose, the polymerization reactor was reduced to the size of a droplet of a few microliters. At this scale, the droplet microreactor has a surface to volume ratio higher than those commonly obtained with conventional batch reactors (~1500 compare to 10). This important surface allows efficient heat transfer between the internal medium of the droplet (where the chemical reaction takes place) and the external one, which is chemically inert. Here, in contrast to single-phase flows, other key characteristics to a miniaturized droplet-based approach consist in: (1) droplets can manage high internal viscosity issues without plugging the channel and (2) dispersion due to convection and diffusion is eliminated because the reactants are compartmentalized within droplets. Since all droplets move at the same speed, they do not coalesce and there is no residence time distribution. This is particularly important since viscosity in polymerization reactions can increase to thousand of centipoises or even higher in the case of gel processes.The use of droplets as batch microreactors flowing within a heated tube (1/8 in. o.d. and 1/16 in. i.d.) can allow investigating quickly and safely polymerization reactions at different conditions. We choose to use experimental conditions where fast and exothermic polymerization process occurs and/or viscosity can be an issue. Acrylic acid at low pH and high concentrations is hence a good candidate to obtain such behavior. Since droplet composition depends only on flow rates, it was easy to screen different experimental conditions, including those which could not be used in conventional batch reactors (i.e., high monomer concentrations and temperatures; 40% w/v and 90 °C).Moreover, coupled with appropriate and sensitive analytical systems, basic kinetic data can be obtained in line through the wall of the transparent tube. By using Raman spectrometry and the time-space equivalence which is specific to the use of droplet-based micro- and millifluidic devices, we were capable to monitor molar conversions and monomer concentrations as a function of time. Thus, we verified the 4/3 order kinetics in initial monomer concentration and a 1/2 dependence in initial initiator concentration. We also able measured the overall activation energy for the rate of polymerization between 68°C to 90°C.In conclusion, droplet-based millifluidics seems to be a promising high throughput screening approach for investigating kinetics and possibly tailoring polymer properties
Sur quelques matériaux pour l'enregistrement magnétique : préparation, caractérisation morphologique et magnétique de CrO2 et Cr1-x Rhx O2 by Patrick Maestro( )

1 edition published in 1979 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Elaboration et caractérisation de films composites métal/diélectrique nanostructurés pour une application aux métamatériaux by Ludivine Malassis( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Les métamatériaux électromagnétiques sont des composites artificiels, constitués de résonateurs etayant des propriétés optiques n'existant pas à l'état naturel. Cette thèse est consacrée à lafabrication et caractérisation de tels matériaux. Pour cela des particules métalliques coeur-écorce(d'or ou d'argent enrobées de silice) sont assemblées par la technique de Langmuir-Blodgett afin deformer des réseaux denses en monocouche et en multicouches. Ces nanoparticules jouent le rôle derésonateurs grâce à la présence de la résonance plasmon et l'écorce de silice permet de contrôler ladistance entre particules. Nous avons ainsi réalisé des matériaux dont la distance entre lesrésonateurs et la fraction métallique varient. Les analyses spectro-photométriques des films obtenus,notamment en réflexion normale, nous ont permis d'extraire les propriétés optiques de nosmatériaux. Pour cela nous avons proposé un modèle phénoménologique dans lequel nousdéfinissons la permittivité de la couche effective comme étant celle de la matrice à laquelle s'ajouteun oscillateur de Lorentz décrivant la présence d'une résonance plasmon. Nous avons pu ainsimontrer expérimentalement qu'il était possible d'obtenir des métamatériaux d'indice de réfractioninférieur à 1 quand la fraction de métal dans le matériau est suffisamment importante
 
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French (11)

English (3)