WorldCat Identities

Ecole doctorale Cultures et Sociétés (Créteil / 2010-2015)

Overview
Works: 94 works in 98 publications in 1 language and 173 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: 996, Degree grantor
Classifications: DD281.2.S7, 943
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Ecole doctorale Cultures et Sociétés (Créteil / 2010-2015)
L'exil comme patrie : les réfugiés communistes espagnols en RDA (1950-1989) by Aurélie Dénoyer( Book )

3 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

El foco de esta investigación son los refugiados comunistas españoles en la RDA. Sin embargo, el exilio político español en Alemania del Este no es tratado aquí como objetivo sino como un campo que nos permite capturar varios temas: la política francesa contra los extranjeros comunistas refugiados en su territorio durante la Guerra Fría, la política de integración de Alemania del Este, las relaciones entre la SED y el PCE (Partido Comunista de España) y el impacto del exilio sobre la construcción de la identidad. El propósito de este estudio es múltiple: este trabajo no sólo quiere enriquecer la historia del exilio español y los estudios sobre la migración en general, sino también contribuir a la renovación de la investigación sobre el comunismo y en concreto, sobre el Estado de Alemania Oriental. Para lograr esto, se trabajó en los archivos de muchos países como Francia, Alemania y España. También se hicieron algunas entrevistas en Berlín, París y Barcelona a los individuos de la segunda generación de refugiados políticos españoles alojados en la RDA. Siguiendo el trabajo en archivos y entrevistas, tratamos de reconstruir las trayectorias biográficas de estas personas; con el objetivo de no perder de vista la diversidad de las trayectorias individuales y situaciones colectivas
Territoires et représentations du genre dans l'école de la banlieue : l'enseignement féminin dans la banlieue sud-est parisienne de 1880 aux années 1950 by Cécile Duvignacq-Croisé( )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the last two decades of the 19th century came the fast development of Parisian suburbs and the beginnings of the state school system. Laws bearing the names of Paul Bert, Ferry and Goblet were the foundation of a republican, secular educational system, as well as they designed public education for women. In the south-west of Paris, urbanism and education followed a joint development. A study of female education through learners and teachers until the implementation of coeducation in the late 1950s reveals the evolution of educational models and gender representation in suburban areas. It highlights the part played by schools in the systematization of the social role of women and the place attributed to them within the city; it also allows for a better understanding of the relationship between the capital and its suburbs, the latter differentiated in the way they are experienced not less than in the way they are planned and built, as well as through representations of the urban space. With the representations it promotes, female education highlights the social diversity of the Parisian south-west, and its socio-demographical mutations. Through the evolution of school structures and educational offer, expectations from parents and the elite, it becomes an indicator of the powers and agents at play there - local competitions and initiatives, discrepancies between local efforts and regional or national policies. The school system focuses the inequalities between Paris and its suburbs, and from one suburb to another. This history of women, education and suburbs addresses three distinct eras : the turn of the 20th century and the beginnings of the secularization of the school system, the Interwar period and the growing competition between genders and between Paris and its suburbs, and the 1950s, when educational policies openly factors in urban hierarchical organization. Between political powers and civil society, female education appears as an essential vehicle for the organization of the south-east suburbs, and the creation of a suburban identity
Vision contemporaine de la Grèce antique : mythe et cinéma selon Pier Paolo Pasolini by Sylwia Frach( )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pasolini's vision of ancient Greece is barbaric because the filmmaker refuses any neoclassicalidealization. This vision of antiquity was already famous in European culture through the textsof Nietzsche. Pasolini is particularly inspired by two disciplines he often refers to : anthropologyand psychoanalysis.The barbarian theme is also linked to a barbaric environment, with agreement between the formof expression and form of content. Pasolini rejects archaeological reconstruction. He combinesblinding brightness of Morocco (were the mythical part of the Oedipus Rex is turned), archaicarchitecture in stone of Cappadocia (Colchis in Medea), and the ramparts of a Syrian city Aleppo(Corinth in Medea) with costumes from different archaic cultures and music mostly from non-Western countries (African, Tibetan, Japanese, Romanian).With the practice of contamination and pastiche, Pasolini wants to recreate the timelesslanguage of myth, the primary language of the peasant civilization. The relationship between theGreek myth and the rural world revolves mainly around the notion of cyclicity
Approche psychocritique de l'?uvre romanesque de Tierno Mon?nembo by Mohamed Keïta( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La pr?sente th?se a pour but de ressortir l?implicite de l??uvre de Tierno Mon?nembo. Elle se structure autour de trois axes principaux ; le premier ?tudie les instances narratives ; le deuxi?me porte sur les principaux actants du r?cit ; le troisi?me axe permet d??laborer la gen?se du mythe personnel de l??crivain ? travers l?exil. L?analyse psychocritique de l??uvre de Mon?nembo se veut ?tre aussi une ?tude portant sur la psychologie des personnages, elle t?che de mettre en exergue le malaise identitaire des personnages et celui de l?exil? en somme, face ? des traumatismes sociopolitiques, les personnages ?prouvent la nostalgie du royaume de l?enfance. Cette structure r?currente dans l??uvre est la r?sultante d?un pass? troublant. Celui-ci se traduit dans le discours des narrateurs. Ces derniers s?inspirent en g?n?ral de l?univers familial ou de celui du pays natal ? mal sorti ? du joug colonial fran?ais
Ecritures photographiques des identités collectives : classe, ethnicité, nation dans la photographie en Grande-Bretagne entre 1990 et 2010 by Karine Chambefort( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse étudie un corpus de livres et d'expositions de photographies qui abordent les questions d'identité sociale, ethnique et nationale [en Grande-Bretagne]. Elle procède à une historicisation du champ photographique en s'intéressant au contexte social et politique de production et de diffusion des images, et en particulier aux politiques culturelles. Elle considère photographies et expositions comme des discours et pratiques qui contribuent à la formation des identités collectives. Le genre des photographies, et notamment le documentaire, est discuté au fil de l'étude, en lien avec la problématique de l'identification. En s'attachant aux rapports entre représentations, identités collectives, culture et pouvoir, l'analyse s'inscrit dans la lignée des cultural studies, dont quelques auteurs, comme Stuart Hall ou Paul Gilroy sont régulièrement évoqués. Il ressort que la photographie se fait le témoin et l'agent d'une dissolution des identités collectives dans les années 1990, en interrogeant l'identité nationale et ses vecteurs et en revendiquant un plus grand pluralisme culturel. Pour aborder la question sociale, devenue moins centrale, elle rompt avec le documentaire classique et la figure du photographe engagé. Par ailleurs, une photographie noire se structure autour d'Autograph-ABP. Lorsqu'une New Britain (jeune, créative et multiethnique) est promue par les travaillistes, la photographie en révèle les dissonances. Néanmoins, en entrant dans le domaine de l'art contemporain, le médium devient aussi l'objet des politiques culturelles multiculturalistes et se fait parfois source d'ethnicisation et d'essentialisation des identités. Après 2001, lorsque le multiculturalisme est critiqué, la photographie enregistre la diversité de la société britannique et démonte les stéréotypes qui visent particulièrement musulmans et réfugiés. Elle est aussi force de proposition dans la recherche de nouvelles formes de cohésion. Des pratiques documentaires collaboratives sont expérimentées pour un renouveau de la citoyenneté. La capacité de la photographie à explorer le rapport entre territoire et citoyens lui permet aussi d'inventer d'autres modes d'identification collective ancrés dans l'expérience quotidienne
Temps et société : les horlogers parisiens (1750-1850) by Marie-Agnès Dequidt( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Entre 1750 et 1850, Paris est un centre de production horlogère de renomméeinternationale. Dans un monde qui bouge, dont les mentalités évoluent, l'horlogerie peut êtreconsidérée comme un secteur témoin pour les activités passant de l'artisanat à l'industrie. Leterrain de jeu des horlogers, mécanique et précision technique en tête, est justement celui quiamène le décrochement de l'Europe par rapport aux autres continents en termes dedéveloppement. L'étude du temps et l'étude de l'horlogerie, loin d'être anecdotiques, sont doncun maillon essentiel de la compréhension du tournant du XIXe siècle.La première partie présente des hommes et des femmes travaillant aux mille et uneactivités de l'horlogerie. Bien sûr, tous n'ont pas le même statut ni la même implication dans lasociété. La hiérarchie de la communauté de métier du XVIIIe siècle est là pour le rappeler, comme,au XIXe siècle, la différence entre patrons et ouvriers. Entre l'Ancien Régime et la Monarchie deJuillet, les structures du métier se modifient mais les gestes des horlogers se perpétuent, même sil'aspect commercial prend plus d'importance quand les quantités produites à Paris diminuent.C'est donc également comme hommes d'affaires que nous découvrons les horlogers au travers deleurs réussites et de leurs faillites, dans leurs réseaux au niveau local mais aussi à plus largeéchelle.Dans la deuxième partie, nous mettons plus précisément l'accent sur les objets, nonseulement en eux-mêmes, mais aussi pour ce qu'ils révèlent de leurs acquéreurs. Ceci se faitautour de trois thèmes : l'horlogerie de luxe comme marqueur social et comme vecteurd'exportation ; l'horlogerie de précision et ses liens avec les inventions techniques comme avecles curiosités ; l'horlogerie commune et comment les différentes couches de la société peuvent yavoir accès. C'est par ce biais que nous tentons de cerner l'importance du rôle joué par la mesuredu temps dans la société et la perception du temps par les contemporains
Discours et repr?sentations de l'Au-del? dans le monde grec by Thomas Reyser( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les repr?sentations de l?au-del? en Gr?ce ancienne, depuis Hom?re jusqu?au IVe si?cle apr?s J.-C., posent la question de l??laboration d?un espace imaginaire et de la perception du temps dans une soci?t?. Le choix de privil?gier des cadres d??tude limit?s mais suffisamment document?s permet d??tablir des strates successives de repr?sentation de l?au-del?, toutes domin?es par l?angoisse du passage dans l?autre monde. La comparaison des sources litt?raires et des sources ?pigraphiques met en lumi?re les sentiments par rapport ? l?au-del? et par rapport ? la mort. Si le fatalisme domine largement ? travers les ?poques, l??mergence progressive d?un jugement des d?funts dans l?au-del? apporte l?espoir. Par ailleurs, les ?pitaphes permettent de distinguer ce qui rel?ve des repr?sentations collectives et des repr?sentations individuelles . Dans ces derni?res, une large place est faite aux sentiments familiaux et ? l?espoir de conserver une vie sociale dans l?au-del?. Les repr?sentations ?labor?es par des groupes religieux accentuent cet espoir qui est la marque de l?initi?. Le juda?sme hell?nis? et le christianisme inscrivent cette attente de l?au-del? pour le fid?le dans une th?ologie de la r?tribution. Les st?r?otypes tenaces associ?s ? l?au-del?, qui sont le plus souvent h?rit?s de grands auteurs, de grands textes ou encore de l?iconographie attique se retrouvent fortement nuanc?s. Le voyage dans la barque de Charon ou la pr?sence de Cerb?re ne sont que des repr?sentations d?une ?poque donn?e. L?au-del? n?est donc pas un espace fig? mais, bien au contraire, il ?volue en fonction de circonstances sociales et culturelles
"La Chouette aveugle" de Sadegh Hedayat, un récit à la croisée des textes occidentaux by Marzieh Balighi( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La Chouette aveugle, un récit d'abord publié en 1936, à Bombay, en Inde, puis en 1941 en Iran, à Téhéran, et traduite en français, en 1951, par Roger Lescot,est une œuvre singulière d'un auteur iranien, Sadegh Hedayat (1903-1951). C'est une nouvelle qui se présente sous la forme d'une longue confession faite par un narrateur anonyme, victime de cauchemars et d'hallucinations. Écrite durant un séjour effectué par cet écrivain en France entre 1926 et 1930, cette œuvre est surchargée d'emprunts,de réminiscences, et d'allusions à de multiples lectures littéraires, philosophiques,métaphysiques, religieuses et psychanalytiques. C'est un lieu de croisement d'influences diverses, orientales certes mais aussi, surtout, occidentales. Cet entrelacs minutieux fait de La Chouette aveugle une œuvre hybride, très élaborée, à la croisée de l'Orient et de l'Occident. Pour en cerner la singularité, on s'est fondé sur une approche qui a cherché à désenchevêtrer les références mythologiques qui en constituent la matière, à repérer les empreintes des modes orientalistes qui existaient à l'époque, entre les deux guerres, en France et en Europe, à dégager l'existence des modèles et des moules esthétiques, occidentaux, qui s'y imbriquent, à en analyser aussi l'inspiration nihiliste, marqué par la philosophie occidentale, et à en étudier le caractère surréaliste qui lui confère une originalité très particulière dans la littérature iranienne
Créations chorégraphiques d'Afrique francophone : systèmes de représentations et stratégies de reconnaissance en période contemporaine by Annie Bourdie( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les créations chorégraphiques contemporaines d'Afrique, sont non seulement traversées par des représentations sur la danse, le corps et les arts, mais également alimentées par toute une histoire des regards portés au cours des siècles par l'Occident sur l'Afrique le "Noir", et "sa" danse. Par ailleurs la France et l'Afrique ont entretenu historiquement des relations ambivalentes dont la teneur a pu avoir un impact sur les représentations, y compris dans le domaine de la danse scénique professionnelle. Dans les années soixante-dix, Léopold Sedar Senghor, mû par l'ambition de valoriser tous les Arts d'Afrique à travers le concept de Négritude, a tenté, à Dakar, en collaboration avec Maurice Béjart,une expérience inédite intitulée Mudra Afrique. Ce projet de formation aux arts de la scène, destiné essentiellement aux danseurs du continent, nourri par les représentations de ses concepteurs, visait à"moderniser" les arts chorégraphiques en Afrique. Il n'a pourtant pas eu l'impact attendu, même si Germaine Acogny, qui en fut la directrice artistique, est devenue aujourd'hui l'une des figures les plus influentes de la danse en Afrique, au-delà même de sa partie francophone.Au cours des années quatre-vingt dix, on a pourtant assisté à un essor fulgurant de la création chorégraphique contemporaine du continent. Mais celui-ci est essentiellement dû à la mise en placepar le Ministère français des Affaires Etrangères d'une politique de coopération culturelle vis-à-vis despays africains. Le programme Afrique en Créations chargé de développer l'ensemble des expressionsartistiques contemporaines d'Afrique, a joué un rôle particulièrement déterminant dans la promotion etle développement d'une "danse africaine contemporaine" notamment par la mise en place de rencontres chorégraphiques biennales.Par le biais des arts et de la culture, la France a ainsi réaffirmé ses liens spécifiques avec l'Afrique.Cependant, dans un tel contexte, où le politique et l'artistique se sont trouvés inextricablement liés,comment les artistes ont-ils composé avec les modèles dominants ? Sont-ils parvenus à se mettre à distance des ces cadres préétablis ? Quelles stratégies ont-ils été amenés à adopter ? Qu'en est-il plus spécifiquement pour les chorégraphes francophones ?
Le "De bello ciuili" de Lucain, une parole en mutation : de la rh?torique r?publicaine ? une po?tique de la guerre civile by Isabelle Anne Catherine Meunier( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first two books of Lucan reveal an innovative use of direct speech in epic. Presented as contiguous speech triads ? dialogs being impossible in the realm of De bello ciuili ? whose purpose and genre are similar, they lead the ancient reader-listener, used to oral debates typical of declamation contests, to compare them. The investigation of two of these speech groups is our first step to a larger inquiry on rhetoric speech, then on poetic speech.Confronting the speech of the first triad (Curion/Caesar/Laelius in book I) reveals the end of traditional eloquence based on universal ethic values. It is superseded by a sophistic rhetoric that redefines (exclusively according to the speaker's private interests) whatever relates to law, justice or citizenship ? problematic concepts in the perverse moral context of bellum ciuile. The efficiency of this new eloquence is highlighted by the success of the three suasory performances which cause the work's main narrative turns: Curion convinces Caesar to definitely take part to the civil war (book I), Cicero leads Pompeus to launch the battle at Pharsalia (book VII) and Pothinus persuades Ptolemy to murder Magnus (book VIII).Comparing the three prophetic speeches at the end of book I (which mirror the three speeches at the beginning of the following book), anxious complains of anonimous Romans (the women, the men and the elderly), we identify an ?art of poetry? aimed at motivating the generic choices made by the poet to handle his subject. Working along the lines of the human depravity of masses, he may not employ neither the tragic style (the speech of women) nor the epic celebration of heroes (the speech of men), but must suggest ? as the old man remembers the past to anticipate the future (the longest speech of the epic reminds Eneas? Ilioupersis by means of its place and subject) ? an historical epic aiming at enlightening the opaque world of civil war, in which the gods are no longer anthropomorphic. Borrowing their deciphering aesthetic to Ovids? Pierides, human female poets rivaling the godly Muses (Metamorphosis V), Lucan reinvents the persona of his uates. Promoting a new genre, for a renewed epic, the 'pieridic' uates of De Bello Ciuili, which can no longer be omniscient ? since the superi's thoughts and deeds are out of his reach ? refuses to worship the traditional poetry deities, swears to his 'hero' Caesar not the glory but the eternal hatred and defiantly proclaims that he himself will deserve eternity only through his own talent, the godly Muses and great heroic warriors of ancient works having been dismissed by civil war
Enjeux écologiques et imaginaires de la consommation. Analyse sémio-discursive de la presse écrite by Nataly Botero Garcia( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In view of the ecological infringements generated by the economic paradigms,those do not seem any more bearable. However since a few years, the ecologicalproblems began to crystallize in modes of consumption, values, practices andimaginaries associated to measure and sobriety.We attempt to study this change of paradigm through the media coverage of theenvironmental stakes in France. Our aim it's to exanimate the words and the speech ofthe ecological problems in the French press: national daily newspapers (non-specializedpress) and associative and ecologist magazines (specialized press).The main objective of this research is to analyze and to understand the emergenceof speeches and representations which participate in the construction of a newsociocultural imaginaries
Dire l'événement quand il surgit. Les journées d'avril 2002 au Venezuela dans trois quotidiens nationaux : une analyse discursive by Eglantine Samouth( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In April 2002, the President of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez Frías, was removed from power for approximately forty-eight hours and replacing by an acting president, Pedro Carmona Estanga, who disbanded all of the public authorities. In spite of its brevity, this episode marked the history of Venezuela and testifies acutely to the social and political antagonisms experienced by this country. This research aims to analyse the discursive construction of this event within a corpus of three national daily newspapers, by observing how its meaning takes shape during the moment the events took place. Firstly, I present the historical and political context in which these events occurred and media's situation in Venezuela, before exploring the notion of the event in general terms. As a result, I show that the event is not a reality that can be captured as such, but is in fact a signified reality, in which language plays a fundamental role. Secondly, I examine in what ways the event is materialised in the dailies' structure, while according particular attention to the various hierarchical levels of the headlines. The third part of the thesis is dedicated to the study of the event naming act, firstly in the headlines and front pages, then within articles. The corpus analyses show that the discourse of the newspapers in front of this event are characterised by a certain vagueness, by abundant usage of implicit modes of address and by the journalists' tendency to hide behind facts that seem to impose themselves naturally
Les représentations sociales des enseignants stagiaires à l'égard de leur formation et de leur profession : le cas de Kenyatta University au Kenya by Eunice Owino Pelini( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse investit, d'abord, sur un plan théorique l'enseignant professionnel et la mise enplace des dispositifs censés encourager le développement de cet enseignant, à partir de lalittérature de recherche dans ce domaine. Dans un second temps, elle vise à contextualiser cesenjeux dans le contexte du Kenya et, plus particulièrement, en considérant l'évolution de laprofession enseignante à partir de données historiques mais aussi d'un travail empirique menéauprès des enseignants stagiaires. A cet égard elle traite la naissance et l'évolution de laprofession enseignante au Kenya en mettant un accent particulier sur les représentationssociales et professionnelles. Dans un troisième temps, ce travail analyse le sens donné à lanotion d'enseignant professionnel par les politiques éducatives et par les enseignants enformation initiale
Au carrefour des influences : Yahya Kemal et la modernité de la poésie turque by Pınar Aka( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis aims to look at the poetry of Yahya Kemal who has lived at a period corresponding to the fall of the Ottoman Empire and to the fondation of the Turkish Republic, at a time when the problems of modernity, occidental and oriental identities intensely occupy the Turkish intellectual climate through the angle of influence. Yahya Kemal is considered to be, together with Ahmet Haşim, the founder of modern Turkish poetry. The first part of the thesis intends to interpret modernity from the viewpoint of the notion of 'being' (devenir) advanced by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari. In the second part, the position of Baudelaire as the founder of modern occidental poetry is once again treated in the frame of certain notions put forward by Deleuze and Guattari. These notions are the following : 'and' (et), 'being' (devenir), 'signifying regime' (régime signifiant), 'post-signifying regime' (régime post-signifiant) and 'disjunctive synthesis' (synthèse disjonctive). In this part, first the reflections on Yahya Kemal of the critical approach of Baudelaire, and second, the 'being modern' of Yahya Kemal's poetry are treated through certain notions put forward to define modern poetry. These are 'lyricism', 'obscurity' and 'intertextuality'. These notions will show clearly that the 'being modern' of poetry is not independent of its 'remaining traditional'. In addition, the interaction between Yahya Kemal's poetry and Ahmet Haşim's, the other founder of modern Turkish poetry, is significant. The last part of the thesis aims to understand how Baudelaire's and Nedîm's influences meet, interact and play a role in the construction Yahya Kemal's poetry. This part tries to comprehend why Baudelaire and Nedîm come forward among the numerous poets having influenced Yahya Kemal. To conclude, the thesis wishes to emphasize that Yahya Kemal's effort to appropriate both of the occidental and oriental poetic traditions puts him in a privileged position in comparision with poets adopting one or the other of these traditions
Omnis Aetas - Les âges de la vie chez les historiens de l'époque républicaine et chez Tite-Live : définitions, représentations, enjeux by Emmanuelle Cimolino( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this work is to investigate the representation of age groups and their relationship in Titus Livius's Ab Vrbe condita, through a comparison with other historical accounts dating back to the Republican period and the early Principate. This study does not examine how to define age groups by means of the different gradus aetatum, but rather focuses on the comparative study of Livy's, Sallust's, Caesar's and the Roman historians' own visions of the ages of life. It introduces a definition of what in modern anthropology terms is considered as age category, while taking into account the contrast between grammatical genders, the large number of different words for a same category, as well as the use of lexis for rhetorical purposes. It also presents a typology of the relationship between the different age groups, documenting the part they play in structuring collective life and individual interactions as well. The representation of a relationship ranging from an ideal of obedience and harmony to long-lasting conflicts allows analysing the working of a mind over what supposedly characterizes life in Ancient Rome. As a matter of fact, it is worth noticing that the text corpus of this study is written at a time rife with upheavals and restorations, when the Principate eventually replaces the troubled Roman Republic and attempts to restore its traditional values, which implies working out anew what they actually are. Therefore, comparing the different representations of the ages of life naturally merges into a representation of political and social organisation as well as a survey of mores in Ancient Rome
Le cinéma libanais après la guerre civile. Un cinéma mélancolique et urbain (de 1990 à nos jours) by Dima El-Horr( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Depuis la fin de la guerre civile libanaise en 1991, le cinéma libanais décline le mal existentiel et le sentiment de mélancolie d'une génération dont les personnages étrangers au monde comme à eux mêmes, sans repères, font face à la répétition des violences, la séparation, le deuil, ou l'exil, trainent leur mal-être dans une ville en éternel chantier et où les morts tels des fantômes réapparaissent d'entre les ruines. Entre un monde qui s'effondre et un passé qui s'efface, la mélancolie habite ces films dont les récits fragmentés et éclatés ne s'achèvent jamais. Avec Ghassan Salhab, Michel Kammoun, Joanna Hadjithomas, Khalil Joreige, Mohammad Soueid, Danielle Arbid, Christophe Karabache, Waël Noureddine, Nigol Bezgian, Borhane Alaouié, Jocelyne Saab... un nouveau cinéma s'invente
L'hôpital des Enfants malades de Paris, 1802-1914 : du soin maternel à la pédiatrie by Marianne Baroni( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The hospital "les Enfants malades" of Paris was opened in May 1802; it was the first children's hospital in the world. The first year, it accommodated 2,229 children (with 300 beds), and the death rate was 21, 5%. The next years it was around 25%. At the turn of the century (1802-1810), the average time of hospitalization was more than 80 days, and yearly expenses were around 200,000 francs. A hospital bed cost about 500 francs. A century later, in 1913, the hospital "les Enfants malades" of Paris admitted 8,945 children (with 600 beds), that is to say five times more than the period 1802-1803. Yet other children's hospitals were built: Trousseau in 1854, Hérold and Bretonneau in 1901. The death rate was 13, 74%, half that of the beginning of the century. This was a significant reduction, but this figure was still too high. Before 1880 children below the age of two years were not admitted to the hospital. The death rate amongst this age group was considerable. After 1880 all children up to the age of fifteen were admitted. The hospitalization time fell (around 23 days), the expenses rose steeply: 1,400,000 francs in 1913 and each hospital bed cost 2,200 francs.The foundation of the hospital "les Enfants malades" of Paris allowed children to be treated separately from the adults. Treating children separately from adults was good for their emotional wellbeing. Better observation of infantile diseases and appropriate treatment were given thanks to this institution. Great doctors (Guersant, Trousseau, Roger, Grancher, Variot, Marfan, Hutinel) practiced and developed new treatments, both curative and preventive, and made great progress in infantile medicine. New ways of thinking about children and the advancement of science facilitated the hospital's change: transformation of hospital wards, the creation of laboratories and libraries, additional funding, improvement of working conditions and nurses' training schools, and the separation of the church and state.The population of hospital les "Enfants malades" appertained to the poorer classes, sick, ill-fed, and ill-clothed children. The institution tried to save them. In 19th century, the main infantile diseases were infectious diseases. The study of smallpox, scrofula, cholera, diphtheria and gastro-enteritis were the main conditions treated throughout the century. Administration (money), physicians (science) and families (confidence) have had a fundamental part in the evolution of children's hospitalization. So, it passed from maternal care to include pediatrics
Étude lexicométrique expérimentale et critique de l'expression de l'identité nationale dans le discours politique en Côte d'Ivoire. Analyse contrastive de ses variations et de sa circulation chez trois locuteurs politiques (Gbagbo, Bédié, Ouattara) by Soumaïla Doumbia( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis is an experimental lexicometric analysis of the concept of national identity in political discourse. We mean by identity discourse, the discourses of otherness that encourages openness to a community or a withdrawal into a group, presented or perceived as a strong fortress in which subjects feel protected. Within these communities formed or desired, the expression of identity can be based on religious elements, tribal, ethnic, clanic, or racial orders. It can also be embeded in a common history, a fantasy or legend. Sometimes it is the reason and the opportunity to externalize certain fears of the alien, or simply hatred manifested in the form of discrimination, rights denial, exclusion and xenophobia, but it can also be expressed as opposed to exclusion, promoting the integration or living together. These types of discourse on identity are determined and structured by their framework of emergence. This framework dictates the contents which vary under the influence of several factors which in turn are organized on several levels of influences.Empirical evidence leads us to distinguish a first level where sociocultural and historical markers act, a second level where the contingency factors are involved, a third level which surrounds the immediate deployment of the speech, and a final level of operation where the personality and discursive strategy factors act. It is the combination of these levels that acts as factors structuring and determining the content and variability of identity discourses we highlighted in this thesis. It is for us to share the observation that the discourses of national identity constantly varies, adapting themselves to changes that occur in their context of emergence. To verify these empirical observations, we were led to formulate the hypothesis that the identity discourses are geometrically variables speeches, that are influenced by factors determining their structures and contents. This hypothesis was tested on an experimental corpus, which served as pretence to check the action of a few of these factors on political discourse. Support for this experiment was the speech of three Ivorian political players (Bedie, Gbagbo, Ouattara), in which we showed that the variations of their reference to national identity were related to the action of three situational variables, namely : the political status, alliances and war.The study conducted by means of lexicometry, has led to the conclusion that the identity discourse on "Ivorianness" called "Ivoirité" in Ivory Coast is a polymorphic speech, changing under the influence of situational variables, while sometimes having a strategic dimension. This speech is modular ; used as a formula, a kind of floating signifier in which ones put everything and anything as long as it relates to identity. The use of such speech could have unpredictable drift.Ultimately, we can easily say that this work on the discourse of Ivorianness in Ivory Coast is a task of deconstruction and denonciation of a formula which study opens up interesting perspectives, concerning in one hand the use of lexicometrics instruments, used to examine mental representations of concepts, and on the other hand as a technique for studying the evolution of mental conceptual universe
Le Liban face au développement (1948-1972) - L'anémone pourprée - by Jean-Marc Fevret( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pas de résumé anglais
Conjuguer technologie de l'information et de communication et management de l'administration publique : le défi d'une formation administrative publique efficiente en République de Djibouti by Ilham Ahmed Hagui Salem( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The theme of this thesis within the field of training throughout the working lives of administrative officers of the state of Djibouti and in particular the use of ICT.Indeed, the role of ICT in adult education, has become an important means to modernize teaching and mode of transmission of knowledge to wider audiences. There has been a very important phenomenon of convergence and distance learning worldwide. Many of the National School of Administration (ENA), including those of industrialized countries now devote human and financial resources very important to teach digital. They use this system to enrich their classroom teaching and sometimes also to provide programs remotely.It is therefore to study the environment of this system in its complexity, taking into account its specifications (educational and functional), but also its dynamics, its implementation and operation. We will consider in particular the educational and technological dimensions of alternative teaching methods and training of adults in order to propose and to adapt to the context of Djibouti.Thus, it is to find clues and criteria for strategic decision making to enhance the skills of human resources of the government of Djibouti
 
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Alternative Names
CS

Cultures et Sociétés

École doctorale 529

École doctorale CS

ED 529

ED529

Université Paris-Est. École doctorale Cultures et Sociétés (Créteil)

Languages
French (24)