WorldCat Identities

Groupe de recherche en droit, économie et gestion (Valbonne, Alpes-Maritimes)

Overview
Works: 140 works in 148 publications in 2 languages and 271 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Other, isb, Editor, Degree grantor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by économie et gestion (Valbonne, Alpes-Maritimes) Groupe de recherche en droit
Les GREDEG working papers( )

in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'économie de l'esclavage colonial : enquête et bilan du XVIIe au XIXe siècle by gestion, modélisation et informatique (CEREGMIA) Centre d'études et de recherche en économie( Book )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 48 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Architecture organisationnelle d'une plate-forme logistique et compétitivité : le cas du grand port maritime de Marseille by Didier Bede( Book )

3 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Supply chain management literature is linked with strong relationship modifications amongst supply chain organizations. Multimodal logistic platforms are considered as local and inter-organizational activities playing the role of interface between stakeholders. Within strategy and supply chain management literature, multimodal logistic platforms appear like unavoidable nodes for territories and organizations competitiveness. From that perspective, we attempt to understand the reality of the articulation between organizational architecture of a multimodal logistic platform and its ex-ante competitiveness. In order to apprehend this reality, our work is based on an exploratory qualitative process. The study uses an illustrative case methodology. The empirical perimeter is composed by stakeholder organizations contributing to the competitiveness of Marseille harbor. The results of our study aim at improving our understanding of harbor logistic networks
La prévision conjoncturelle : de nouveaux outils et une crise économique majeure by Lionel Persyn( Book )

3 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The economic crisis which began in 2008 is one of the most agitated and uncertain period of the contemporary economic history. The target of this thesis is thus to study the characteristics of the modern short term economic analysis as well as the quality of the diagnosis provided by new tools which have appeared over the past few years. We first deal with survey data which constitute the main element of conjonctural analysis. A non-parametric dating method is applied to monthly surveys carried from company managers in the four main countries of the European Union. This method allows us to notice an increase in their synchronisation during the period 1999-2008 compared to the period 1989-1998. Then, after a vast survey of techniques providing short term forecasts, including combination of several techniques and forecasts, we concentrate upon the forecasts of the French GDP. Several tests highlight the presence of an optimistic bias from a panel of national and international organizations over the period 1999-2009. Despite this fact, it appears that, according to optimality criterions, the forecasts improve during the most recent period. We show eventually that these results are strongly altered depending on whether one considers the realisation of the PIB to be the first value published or the final and revised one
Les critères d'activation de la théorie des facilités essentielles : une analyse économique de la pratique décisionnelle des autorités de concurrence by Julien Pillot( Book )

2 editions published between 2011 and 2013 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Openly introduced in European competition law during the early 1990s, the Essential Facilities Doctrine is a legal doctrine whose application is highly debated amongst economists. In giving antitrust authorities a chance to challenge property rights in order to promote competition, its enforcement shall not be neutral with respect to private incentive to invest and innovate. While seeking for consistency in competition authorities' decisional practice, this PhD dissertation aims at reducing uncertainties flowing from the very application of the rule. Related theoretical debates are spotlighted through an economic analysis of the French competition authority's case-law
La rationalité managériale : de l'administrations domestique à la gouvernance by Thibault Le Texier( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the eighteenth and nineteenth century, the notion of “management” takes a first meaning within a coherent set of concepts - care, industry, arrangement, conduct and calculation - which articulation draws a new way of thinking. At the beginning of the twentieth century, while the business corporation slowly emancipates from the family sphere, this rationality is redefined on the basis of four main general principles: efficiency, organization, control, and knowledge. This second managerial rationality shows, throughout the twentieth century, a unity and a stability that are of a nature neither scientific nor ideological. This rationality cannot be understood by the yardstick of the military discipline, of the patriarchal authority, of the instrumental rationality proper to the engineers, or of the capitalist rationality proper to the economists, for the very reason that it is formulated largely in reaction to these four rationalities. Precisely, the second managerial rationality constitutes a new understanding of the way of governing individuals, which we call a “governmentality”, in way slightly different from Foucault. This managerial governementality cannot be fitted into a unique organisational frame, but circulates between different institutions, the most prominent of which being the family, the business corporation and the state. The study of this new governmentality is the occasion to question the main views of government prevailing on both sides of the Atlantic for a century and a half, and thus to contributes to clarifying the contemporary ways of thinking about power
L'intégration du droit de l'environnement dans le droit de la concurrence by Julie Malet-Vigneaux( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Si l'intégration des exigences environnementales est inscrite dans les textes et, pour partie, dans la réalité, la relation entre les droits de l'environnement et de la concurrence demeure problématique, car les valeurs que le premier vise à protéger sont à bien des égards des valeurs "exogènes au marché". Consacré formellement, mais mal connu et souffrant d'une qualification juridique difficile à cerner, le principe d'intégration ne permet pas une intégration substantielle des droits et des politiques de l'environnement et de la concurrence. L'objet de la thèse est donc d'abord, par un travail de réflexion sur les catégories et concepts des deux disciplines, de mettre en lumière les limites de la situation actuelle. Il est ensuite de s'interroger sur les évolutions en cours, et sur les conditions susceptibles de rendre effective une régulation des marchés prenant en compte les enjeux environnementaux. L'élévation de l'intérêt environnemental et l'avènement d'un ordre public écologique sont une des voies possibles d'une telle intégration, donnant aux juges un rôle fondamental à jouer dans la conciliation des intérêts en présence
Recherche opérationnelle et équilibrage de ligne d'assemblage orienté coût : le cas de la production d'automobiles dans l'usine syrienne de Hmisho by Ramia Aljubayli( Book )

2 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lorsqu'on s'intéresse à une usine de production d'automobiles on découvre que l'atelier de montage est constitué d'un ensemble de stations disposées de manière séquentielle et connectées entre eux par un convoyeur automatique. Une unité de produit parcourt la ligne dans un seul sens et visite toutes les stations pendant une période limitée. Cette unité subit un ensemble d'opérations effectuées par des opérateurs (faible robotisation). Le problème important à résoudre dans l'atelier est l'affectation des opérations aux stations. Il s'agit de ne pas avoir une station plus chargée qu'un autre ; c'est ce que l'on appelle le problème d'équilibrage de ligne de montage. L'objectif de cette thèse est d'apporter les meilleures solutions au ce problème. Nous nous intéressons au cas d'une usine d'automobiles située en Syrie. Il s'agit de résoudre ce problème pour objectif de diminuer les coûts de production. Notre problématique centrale porte donc sur la détermination d'une configuration associée au coût minimal. Pour ce faire nous nous posons la question des méthodes d'optimisation à utiliser. Deux algorithmes issus de la recherche opérationnelle sont proposés. Le premier est une méthode exacte basée sur la programmation dynamique et le deuxième est un algorithme heuristique basé sur l'algorithme 'glouton'. En appliquant ces algorithmes aux données de l'usine syrienne Hmisho nous trouvons que le deuxième algorithme donne de bon résultat relativement à la minimisation des coûts de production
L' intégration des PME au sein des dynamiques territoriales d'innovation : une approche fondée sur les connaissances. Les cas de deux clusters du Pôle de compétitivité SCS by Rani Jeanne Dang( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les PME françaises ont des difficultés à innover malgré les nombreux efforts des pouvoirs publics. Face à ce constat, les dispositifs d'aide aux PME ont cherché à se renouveler. Cette évolution se traduit par l'avènement d'une logique territoriale : il s'agit de faciliter l'innovation des PME à travers leur participation à des projets d'innovation localisés (PIL), logique développée par la politique des pôles de compétitivité. Des travaux ont analysé les faiblesses intrinsèques aux PME face à l'innovation, dans cette perspective les PME, de manière plus accentuée que les autres types d'organisations, sont incitées à collaborer pour innover afin de compenser leurs faiblesses en termes de ressources. Or, elles rencontrent de nombreuses difficultés dans ce processus. Cette recherche diffère de ces travaux en prenant pour point d'entrée de la réflexion non plus la PME en tant que telle, mais les dynamiques territoriales d'innovation (DTI). En effet, certaines dynamiques paraissent plus propices que d'autres à l'insertion des PME dans les PIL. Dans un premier temps nous cherchons à identifier les mécanismes qui sous-tendent les DTI, et dans un second temps nous étudions dans quelle mesure ces mécanismes facilitent ou freinent l'intégration des PME dans les PIL. Nous menons une étude de cas de type " grounded theory " (Glaser, 2004) sur deux clusters rassemblés au sein du pôle de compétitivité SCS " solutions communicantes sécurisées " : Marseille-Rousset-Gémenos, et Nice-Sophia Antipolis. Les résultats nous ont permis d'élaborer un " modèle théorique enraciné " explicatif de l'intégration des PME dans les dynamiques territoriales d'innovation. Ce modèle met en évidence un élément clé de l'intégration des PME dans les PIL : la présence de connaissances architecturales au niveau du cluster dans leurs trois dimensions relationnelle, technique et de marché
Innovations et alliances stratégiques : une analyse en termes d'intégration des connaissances appliquée à l'industrie bio-pharmaceutique by Hella Guezguez( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

En prenant pour point de départ l'émergence de technologies nouvelles, ce travail s'interroge sur la capacité des acteurs d'une industrie à réorganiser leurs bases de connaissances. Dans ce but, nous nous intéressons aux processus d'intégration des connaissances que nous définissons comme la recherche de complémentarité technologique dans les bases de connaissances des acteurs engagées dans des processus d'innovation. Dans un environnement technologique donné, larecherches de complémentarité technologique définit la recherche des combinaisons technologiques les plus productives. Deux angles de recherche sont ainsi privilégiés : les processus d'intégration intra-organisationnelle des connaissances et les processus d'intégration inter-organisationnelle des connaissances. Appliqué à l'étude des biotechnologies et de l'industrie pharmaceutique, ce travail de nature économétrique mobilisant des bases de données innovations, brevets et alliancesnous permet d'avancer deux principaux résultats. Dans le cadre des processus d'intégration intra-organisationnelle des connaissances, nous montrons que la recherche de complémentarité technologique est déterminée par la détention de connaissances fondamentales qui favorise la capacité des firmes à combiner leurs savoirs et par conséquent leur capacité à innover. Dans le cadre des processus d'intégration inter-organisationnelle des connaissances, nous montrons que la recherche de complémentarité technologique détermine le choix pour les acteurs d'une industrie de former une alliance stratégique et que cette recherche de complémentarité technologique évolue tout au long du cycle de vie de la technologie
Criteres de soutenabilité de la dette publique et niveau de developpement by Jean Sébastien Kouassi( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The purpose of this thesis is to analyse public debt sustainability according to the level of national economic development. After reviewing the economic literature on public debt sustainability indicators, we applied specific empirical methods to compare developed countries and analyse a heavily indebted poor country (HIPC). We first estimated, among G7 governements, an error-correction-type policy reaction function based on an iterative bayesian estimation that compares the different dynamics of public debt evolution. This analysis reveals that on one hand G7 governments did not focus on debt sustainability during the time frame (1978-2007) ; on the other hand, we noticed a particular attention to debt sustainability in Eurozone countries (Germany, France, Italy) as compared to other countries in the sample. Next, we analyzed the debt sustainability of Côte d'Ivoire, a sub-Saharan Heavily Indebted Poor Country using statistical methods developed by the IMF and the World Bank. The results showed that the country has a moderate risk to indebtment ; therefore budget stabilization and diversification of its exports will be critical for its long-term debt sustainability. Beyond these objectives, the evaluation of the public debt management process, based on an international method (DeMPA), also highlights that designing a real national debt policy could fulfill the shortcomings of current policies. Overall, the conclusions of our thesis suggest additional researches and reflections on the theoretical analysis of public debt and on the architecture of the international public debt management frameworks
Le principe d'interprétation autonome dans la Convention de Vienne sur les contrats de vente internationale de marchandises by Anissa Boussofara( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

When analyzing the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods adopted the 11 April 1980 (CISG), a principle of autonomous interpretation appears. This principle is stated in other legal texts (as United Nations conventions and UNIDROIT Principles). The principle of autonomous interpretation belongs to the transnational law and leads to take into account the international character of the legal provisions to be interpreted and to promote the uniformity of their application as “expressed” in the article 7 of the CISG. General principles underlying the CISG are used for gap-fillings which is the second side of legal interpretation. Using national laws is the ultimate resort.The principle of autonomous interpretation in the application of the CISG will be studied. For this purpose, judicial decisions and arbitral awards will be examined. Dispositions from the Convention have been chosen for their interpretation to be examined. The principle of good faith is also examined in its relation with the CISG interpretation. It will be observed that French case-law doesn't acknowledge the principle of autonomous interpretation. Arbitral awards show a more important tendency to apply the principle of autonomous interpretation but there is no uniformity. The arbitrators in international trade have multicultural traditions and do not depend on a forum. Therefore they are less likely to be “influenced” by national “references” and so much more capable to interpret autonomously international dispositions. Nevertheless the “express” affirmation of a principle of autonomous interpretation is missing from arbitral awards and judicial decisions. This thesis aims to enlarge the acknowledgement of the principle of autonomous interpretation by the interpreters of uniform law using the CISG as a model. The function of the principle of autonomous interpretation will be fundamental to the expansion and to the correct application of uniform law. This method of interpretation is respectful of the objective of uniform law
Innovation par le design thinking et business models inclusifs : conceptualisation et mise en oeuvre des strategies d'entreprise pro-pauvres. Cas Schneider Electric et General Electric Healthcare by Walid Belazreg( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis deals with the study of Design thinking in the particular context of pro-poor business strategies, and more particularly in the context of the development of inclusive business models at the base of the pyramid of emerging markets. In this context, and as in any new market, multinational companies are increasingly aware that they will have to learn new, radical ways to work for success. Within the framework of inclusive business, companies must develop a new philosophy, new processes, new capabilities, new partnerships and in-depth collaboration with different stakeholders. We propose that the Design thinking method applied to the context of the base of the pyramid can indeed encourage the development of the capabilities of creation of new innovative and inclusive business models and the creation of shared value. An attempt to validate this method in the context of the pyramid was made in two cases of multinational companies: GE-Healthcare and Schneider Electric, which provide unique solutions to the challenges faced by The pyramid in different sectors such as healthcare or energy. By focusing on some of the fundamental principles of design thinking such as human centeredness, co-creation and experimentation, and collaboration, the study tries to validate a set of processes and capabilities that enables the creation of new inclusive business models and the development of fully contextualized innovative solutions to real problems
L'intervention du juge dans le fonctionnement des sociétés commerciales en droit de l'OHADA by Viviane Yolande Magne Fosso( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The commercial company is the framework par excellence for investment. To make this framework an area likely to meet the economic and social needs of OHADA member states, the legislator has introduced a profound reform. With this in mind, it has made the judge the body responsible for ensuring the effective and efficient application of the Uniform Acts and for ensuring the stability of the corporate environment, a mission which enables it to intervene at all stages of the life of a company. However, the confrontation between the powers of the various social actors, the disparity between the procedural rules of the various OHADA Member States and the lack of professionalism of the judge raises questions about the effectiveness of this intervention in the life of society. Judicial decisions and the partnership contract are in fact two a priori irreconcilable modes of managing social relations. According to the theory of the contractual nature of the company, the judge cannot influence the management of private property. However, the proponents of the institutional nature of the company have succeeded in making adjustments to this principle. Thus, the protection of the corporate interest and the imperatives of the proper functioning of the legal person may justify the development of judicial powers within the commercial company. Yet, as a defender of the social interest, judicial intervention remains very limited. While the new powers of the judge allow him to be omnipresent within the commercial company, they are not sufficient to create a stable and favourable framework for investment. Much remains to be done, both in terms of legislation and in terms of the organisation of national courts and the professional training of judges. This study aims to identify possible limits to judicial intervention in commercial companies and to propose appropriate solutions where necessary. The study comes to a twofold conclusion. On the one hand, the intervention of the judge is unsatisfactory in the protection of the societal environment. The judge does not have regulatory mechanisms adapted to the social context. For example, he can only infringe social rights and powers in cases where the law stipulates that they must be restricted, despite the existence of just grounds for action. Moreover, in the context of recourse to the review of the legality of social acts, he must be limited to a subjective review which leads it to seek the intention of the perpetrator of the irregular or abusive act and thus does not enable him to ensure the protection of the social interest. On the other hand, the judge's intervention is unsatisfactory in sanctioning the civil obligations of social actors. Indeed, the power to impose judicial sanctions poses problems whenever the Uniform Act is silent or gives no terminological indication from which the judge can retain his power. Moreover, the judge has a very limited power of constraint which does not always enable him to ensure compliance with legal obligations or the contractual commitments of social actors
Islamic banks facing the conventional banking sector by Nabil Bennasr( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation analyses the consequences of the integration of an Islamic bank into a conventional banking environment. The dissertation is composed of three chapters. The first examines the Islamic banks' compliance, which is ensured by a supervisory ethical committee. We examine the role and the tasks of this committee in detail, showing how international regulatory constraints, as well as a general lack of individuals with the required skills to sit on the Sharia boards, provide incentives for the Islamic bank to outsource the monitoring of Sharia compliance. Basing our study on a theoretical model, inspired by Kornai, Maskin and Roland (2003), this first chapter analyses how the outsourcing of this committee has an impact on the business model of the Islamic bank. The second chapter is largely empirical; we compare the effectiveness of two bank models, one in which the Sharia compliance validation process is internal, and one in which it is external. To test this empirical study, we analyze a sample of around 100 banks which are divided into two groups, one which outsources the Sharia compliance and monitoring and one which internalizes this process. We show that banks are more effective when they outsource the compliance monitoring process. Finally, the third chapter approaches the question of liquidity creation within two types of bank: Islamic and conventional. In this chapter, we develop a theoretical model inspired by Diamond (2007) and we compare the liquidity creation process in these two banks. We demonstrate the constraints that burden the Islamic bank, shown by the high volume of tangible assets in their balance sheets. We demonstrate that the structure of this balance sheet limits the possibilities for Islamic banks to compete with conventional banks, and thus brings into question their capacity to integrate a conventional banking environment
Les implications du développement des biocarburants : Quel impact sur les pays en développement? by Amine Akbi( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The beginning of this century was marked by a renewed interest in the development of biofuels. The commitment of the international community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, energy concerns and agricultural markets were the main reasons for this development. Therefore, the production and consumption of biofuels have increased dramatically and took on an international dimension. This phenomenon magnitude has caused agricultural, environmental and economical concerns. The purpose of the thesis is to study all the implications of the development of biofuels - that is to say, economical, agricultural and environmental - in the context of the global economy. To promote biofuels as opposite to their fossil equivalents, important measures to support all sectors of biofuels have been established in different parts of the world. To study the impact of these policies, we conducted a comparative study between the measurements of the main players (Brazil, European Union and United States) and new actors in international markets. In addition to comparing the economic and environmental performance, we analyzed the influence of political support of key players on the political orientation of new actors involved in the production of biofuels (or raw materials). The second axis of the thesis focuses on the agricultural implications of biofuel development. Indeed, many events have marked the global agricultural markets over the past twenty years: the change in eating habits in developing countries, the scarcity of farmland in the historically producing and exporting regions, natural disasters... is a challenge for future food needs. In this context, the advent of biofuels is certainly an additional factor to existing tensions in global agricultural markets. In addition to increasing the pressure on prices, the development of biofuels contributes to the reorganization of the architecture of global agriculture in favor of developing countries. The last axis addresses the environmental impacts of biofuels. Internationalization (direct and / or indirect) of biofuels production gives a new dimension to the environmental implications of biofuels. Our approach is to study the environmental impacts of biofuels by separating the stages of production of raw materials, those of processing and of consumption. The results show that developing countries are exposed to high environmental risks. To mitigate these risks, the development of biofuels should be subject to certain conditions that will achieve a socio-economical and environmental sustainability
Le processus d'appropriation du référentiel IAS/IFRS au sein des organisations : essai d'observation et d'interprétation des pratiques by Annelise Couleau-Dupont( Book )

in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Our works concern the appropriation process of the IAS/IFRS repository within organizations. They try to describe and to explain the meeting of the management tool made up by international standards with the organization, and the changes inferred from its adoption, keeping mainly three approaches: a rational perspective, a socio-political perspective and a psycho-cognitive perspective. In addition, to enrich our work and to allow to better apprehend our object of research, we in particular made loans with the néoinstitutional theory and the theory of the structuring. The exam of both longitudinal case studies reveals that the appropriation process can be split up into two periods: the first one corresponds to the introduction of the IAS/IFRS repository and contains the initiation, adoption and adaptation phases. The second period represents the tool implementation, marked by the acceptance, routinisation and integration phases. The description of this process tries to assist managers in thinking related to appropriation of a management tool, in the case of IAS/IFRS and to suggest proposals intended to support its social inscription
Le principe d'égalité homme-femme. Analyse critique de l'influence du système juridique français sur le système juridique tunisien by Assia Jamai( )

1 edition published in 2021 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The principle of equality between men and women has been the subject of several studies to date. The one that will be read proposes to study the influence of the French legal system on that of Tunisia.1 - The degree of influence of the French system on the Tunisian system is real, it leads to a divergence of positions and content of the law and thus reveals the existence of conflicting relationships between the systems. Thus, whether positive or negative, the formulation of the principle of equality between men and women remains ambiguous. Moreover, this principle must also be embodied. Yet, how can French and Tunisian positive law embody this principle when it does not enshrine specific provisions formally defining it? The latter can be presented as a component of the principle of equality. A priori, the Tunisian and French legal systems only proclaim this right by attributing to it, each time, a particular field of application.2 - It is to take into account this complexity and these inadequacies on both sides, coming from history, that we have chosen a critical method, of structuralist inspiration. This choice is explained by several overlapping reasons. In fact, several dimensions of the analysis of the influence of the French system on that of Tunisia. The equivocal nature of the principle led us to call upon structural analysis to better grasp the specific nature of this relationship of influence, temporarily disregarding political data, and then introducing them, in a detailed manner, in the framework of the analysis. Abstract to better understand. Structuralism has also emerged as a guarantee of the (relative) scientific objectivity of research: it allows, like a bulwark, the study of functions and the identification of invariants in the societies studied. Thus, the critical analysis of determinants makes it possible to understand a society in the present moment. The analysis of material, economic and social factors shows that in this interweaving of data, culture in the broad sense, including religion and law, plays a central role: it is both an obstacle and a lever for the realization of the principle of gender equality
L'impact des mécanismes de gouvernance dans la gestion des risques bancaires et la performance des banques. "Cas de la France , l'Allemagne et le Japon" by Sirine Toumi( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The study of the internal mechanisms of governance in particular the board of directors and its relationship with the credit risk as well as the performance is the main subject of this thesis. From a sample of 13 French banks, 13 German and 20 Japanese rated during the period 2005 - 2012, we are trying to detect the impact of the characteristics of the Board of Directors and its committees on the credit risk, and on the banking performance. Our results show that the internal mechanisms of governance affect certainly, the level of appropriations non-performing assets and the financial performance of banks, but with mixed effects; they reflect this divergence between countries
Trois essais sur l'influence des stratégies d'entreprises sur la performance des filiales by Ghahhar Zavosh( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette thèse examine la façon dont les choix stratégique des firmes multi-établissements affectent la performance de leurs filiales et contribuent aux débats récurrents liés à la pertinence et l'importance de la stratégie d'entreprise. Dans le premier chapitre, nous nous intéressons à savoir le poids relatif des décisions stratégiques des sièges sociaux sur la performance de leurs établissements. Nous montrons l'incapacité des méthodes traditionnelles à rendre compte efficacement des effets entreprises. Nous soutenons en effet que les études précédentes sous-estiment systématiquement les effets entreprises car elles ne tiennent pas compte de l'hétérogénéité de l'impact des décisions des sièges sociaux sur leurs filiales. Une filiale peut recevoir une part très différente des ressources de l'entreprise. Par conséquent, le fait d'étudier toutes les filiales comme s'il s'agissait d'un seul groupe sous-estime systématiquement les effets entrepris. Nous soutenons plutôt qu'il est important de tenir compte de la variance induite par l'entreprise sur la performance des filiales. Nous appelons cette variance induite « effet entreprise variant », et montrons qu'elle est tout aussi importante que la valeur des effets entreprise standards, à savoir « les effets entreprise invariants ». Dans le deuxième chapitre nous nous sommes intéressés au débat relatif à l'efficacité des marchés de capitaux internes, comme une des sources essentielles d'hétérogénéité de la performance des filiales. La question centrale du débat consiste à discuter les modalités d'allocation optimale du capital. Les études empiriques mettent en évidence des montants d'allocation très au-dessus des niveaux optimaux dans des filiales qui ont des niveaux de croissance apparemment relativement faibles. Tenant compte à la fois du degré d'incertitude auquel une firme est confrontée lorsqu'elle décide d'allouer son capital et du niveau d'interdépendance de ses filiales, nous distinguons « les déviations inefficaces » des « déviations non nécessairement inefficaces ». Nous expliquons que les déviations par rapport à la logique de sélection des gagnants dans les décisions d'allocation de capital peuvent simplement refléter des intentions stratégiques différentes plutôt que des inefficacités d'allocation. De plus, nous soulignons le rôle de l'ampleur de l'expérience antérieure des dirigeants dans le domaine des filiales, en tant que source de compétences en allocation de capital des firmes, dans l'atténuation des déviations inefficaces et l'augmentation de la valeur de la corporation grâce à de meilleures pratiques d'allocation du capital. Le troisième chapitre incorpore les ressources financières à la théorie de redéploiement des ressources. La théorie standard a exclu les ressources financières qui, par définition, peut être allouée et ré-allouées à tout type d'investissement sans contrainte. Nous soutenons toutefois que, lors de l'affectation vers l'une de ses filiales de ressources financières à des investissements imparfaitement fongibles ou divisibles, telles que le capital physique, tel que des usines ou des technologies, le siège social achète également l'option de redéploiement de ces mêmes ressources dans le futur. En effet, le choix d'investissement présent doit être réalisé en tenant compte des coûts de redéploiement éventuels dans le futur. Par conséquent, la direction des flux de capitaux actuels entre les filiales ne sera pas simplement réalisée en fonction des opportunités actuelles de croissance relative du marché, mais aussi en fonction des coûts d'ajustement due aux redéploiements éventuels entre les filiales dans les périodes ultérieures. Cette extension permet d'étendre le champ d'études empiriques de la théorie du redéploiement de ressources non-financier. En effet, les études empiriques dans ce domaine ont été rares jusqu'à présent en raison du défi que représentent l'observation et la mesure du redéploiement des ressources non financières
 
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Alternative Names
Centre national de la recherche scientifique France Groupe de recherche en droit, économie et gestion

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France). Unité mixte de recherche (6227)

Centre national de la recherche scientifique France Unité mixte de recherche (7321)

Centre national de la recherche sientifique Groupe de recherche en droit, économie et gestion

Centre national de la recherche sientifique UMR 7321

Centre national de la recherche sientifique Unité mixte de recherche 7321

GREDEG

GREDEG (Valbonne, Alpes-Maritimes)

Université de Nice Groupe de recherche en droit, économie et gestion

Languages
French (26)

English (2)