WorldCat Identities

Alloin, Fannie

Overview
Works: 54 works in 60 publications in 2 languages and 83 library holdings
Roles: Opponent, Other, Thesis advisor, Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Fannie Alloin
Utilisation d'anions à fonction sulfate dans des électrolytes pour batterie au lithium : étude des mécanismes de transport by Christophe Chauvin( )

2 editions published in 2005 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lithium salts based on oligoether sulfate were synthesized and characterised. They incorporate oxyethylene units wich en able the lithium cation salvation and, potentially, their use as ionic liquids. Their properties as lithium salts dissolved in liquid or polymer electrolytes were evaluated. Their electrochemical and thermal stabilities are sufficient for lithium battery application. Due to their weak dissociation in POE their conductivities are fairly low. On the other hand, they have high cationic transference numbers. ln mixture with usual salts as LiTFSI, they provide a good compromise between conductivities/transference number/cost. The second part of this study deals with the synthesis and characterisation of an ionomer with sulfat function and polyether backbone. The electrochemical, physical and chemical properties of this material show that it could be used as polymer electrolyte. Its potential as cross-linked gelled polymer electrolyte is outstanding. Structural analyses on an ionomeric monocrystal have been corroborated with quantum chemistry calculations
Architectures radiales à base de nanofils de ZnO pour des applications photovoltaïques by Romain Parize( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Solar energy has a huge potential for the futur electricity generation. The research in this area is therefore accelerating these last years; Especially, the development of non-toxic semiconductor materials, which can be elaborated by a low-cost and easy-to-use techniques such as growths in liquid chemistry. In this context, zinc oxide (ZnO) has become increasingly important in research laboratories.This thesis has been carried out for several purposes. The first was to improve our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the growth of ZnO nanowires by chemical bath deposition, and, in particular, the role of chemical precursors introduced into the bath. Subsequently, morphological studies and crystallization annealing studies of TiO2 and Sb2S3 shells deposited on ZnO nanowires by ALD, SILAR and spray pyrolysis are found to be essential for the preparation of heterostructures based on ZnO nanowires/TiO2/SB2S3 for solar cells. In this kind of cell, the ZnO is the electron conductor, whereas the TiO2 passivates the surface of the ZnO nanowires and protects them. The Sb2S3 absorbs the photons of the solar spectrum and produces excitons for the creation of current.These heterostructures are elaborated for the first time and have never been reported in the literature. A photoconversion efficiency of 2.3% was determined in this manuscript. This value is encouraging for the next studies on these materials and represents the first effective efficiency for this kind of promising heterostructures
Accumulateurs au lithim à haut potentiel : électrolytes et matériaux d'électrode positives by My Loan Phung Le( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this thesis is the study of electrolytes and positive electrode materials adapted for high voltage lithium-ion batteries ("5V" systems). A key problem is the instability of classical organic electrolytes at such high potentials. The electrolyte study included the development of new electrolytes i.e. ionic liquids and fluorinated solvents, their physiochemical and electrochemical characterization. Electrolytes with good electrochemical stability in oxidation were obtained. In a more fundamental approach, the ion dissociation in such highly concentrated electrolytes was studied. Regarding positive electrode materials, this work describes the synthesis, structural and electrochemical characterization of high potential (4.7 V vs Li(+)/Li) lithium intercalation compounds based on the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 spinel. The study of manganese substitutions by titanium and ruthnium allowed to show the importance of the tetravalent cation on the redox mechanism at 4.7 V. Electrochemical studies on various new electrolyte/electrode systems showed a high stability of fluorinated solvents on high potential cycling
Développement d'accumulateurs Li/S by Céline Barchasz( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work aimed at better understanding the Li/S cell discharge mechanism and itslimiting parameters. A general conclusion was following from these data: the Li/Ssystem is mainly limited by the passivation process of the sulfur positive electrode,occurring at the end of discharge. Insulating lithium polysulfides precipitate on thepositive electrode surface, thus leading to a gradual loss of the electrode activesurface and to the early end of discharge. As a consequence, the electrochemicalperformances can be significantly improved by working either on the positiveelectrode morphology or on the organic electrolyte composition. Increasing thespecific surface of the positive electrode enables to increase the amount ofpolysulfide compounds that can precipitate on the electrode, thus delaying the fullpassivation of the sulfur electrode and the end of discharge. Working on the organicelectrolyte composition enables to increase the polysulfide solubility and to preventthem from quickly precipitating, thus delaying the end of discharge too. To thispurpose, PEGDME solvents seem to be quite promising. Finally, a possiblemechanism for sulfur reduction in ether-based electrolytes could be proposed
Développement et compréhension des mécanismes électrochimiques des accumulateurs Lithium-ion/Soufre by Alice Robba( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Microfibrillated cellulose-SiO2 composite nanopapers produced by spray deposition by Lisiê Ferreira Krol( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nouvelles membrane polymères et électrolytes liquides pour batteries Li-ion. by Marco Bolloli( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les batteries Li-ion sont la technologie de référence pour l'électronique portable, et l'un des objectifs est le développement de cette technologie pour des applications demandant de fortes densités d'énergie, comme la traction. Ce travail, mené dans le cadre du projet Européen AMELIE- Green Car, porte sur deux aspects. Le premier concerne la synthèse et la caractérisation de nouveaux solvants et sels performants et pouvant être utilisés avec des matériaux à haut potentiel tels que LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 ou LiNi0,4Mn1,6O4, en remplacement des électrolytes courants à base de LiPF6 et de carbonates, qui induisent une forte d'autodécharge et présentent des stabilités thermique et chimique insuffisantes. L'utilisation de carbonates, carbamates et sulfonamides fluorés en tant que solvants, permet d'obtenir, pour certaines des formulations évaluées, des performances comparables aux références commerciales, malgré des conductivités inférieures. De plus, la fluoration confère à ces molécules des stabilités thermique et électrochimique améliorées. En ce qui concerne les sels, plusieurs nouvelles structures ont été synthétisées et testées en combinaison avec des solvants commerciaux, avec des résultats intéressants du point de vue de la conductivité et du comportement électrochimique.La deuxième partie de ce travail concerne la mise en forme, par des procédés industriels, de séparateurs minces à base de polymères fluorés, qui présentent des performances comparables aux séparateurs commerciaux. Des membranes denses et poreuses ont été élaborées à partir de plusieurs grades de PVDF. Les membranes poreuses élaborées, présentant des taux de porosité élevés, montrent de faibles tenues mécaniques, deux stratégies de renfort ont ainsi été étudiées : la première via la réticulation des membranes après greffage de groupements polymérisables, la deuxième via l'incorporation de Cellulose Nano Cristalline (CNC), formant un réseau percolant permettant le renfort. Les deux méthodes ont donné des résultats prometteurs sur les membranes denses : le module de conservation augmente entre 2 et 5 fois à 25°C tout en conservant des performances électrochimiques intéressantes. Le transfert de ces propriétés aux membranes poreuses est encore à optimiser ; cependant un renfort partiel a été obtenu pour les membranes composites poreuses, ce qui en fait, en combinaison avec une bonne conductivité (largement au dessus de 1mS/cm) et porosité, des candidats attractifs pour des accumulateurs Li-ion à charge rapide
Synthèse et caractérisation de nouveaux électrolytes copolymères pour batteries lithium métal polymère. by Adrien Lassagne( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work deals with synthesis and characterization of new polymer electrolytes for lithium metal polymer (LMP) batteries. The main challenge of polymer electrolytes is to combine both high ionic conductivity at low temperature and good mechanical properties. To overcome these issues, block copolymers have been designed. Remarkable properties are reached thanks to the self-assembly of these triblock copolymers. Mechanical properties are given by stiff polystyrene (PS) domains whereas ionic mobility operates in an ionophilic phase, polyoxyethylene (POE) with a lithium salt (LiTFSI). By introducing chemical defects in the POE backbone, melting temperature of the copolymer has been considerably lowered leading to conductivities of about 7.10-5 S.cm-1 and a Young's modulus of 0.3 MPa at 40°C. If interesting properties are obtained thanks to this strategy, the small fraction of conductivity insured by lithium ions (t+=0.15) remains an issue. The low t+ leads to large concentration gradients limiting the performances of the system. In a second approach, TFSI anions have been covalently tethered on the PS backbone, raising the t+ to 1. An important increase of Li+ conductivity was obtained by adding a perfluorinated spacer between PS and TFSI moieties, with an ionophilic phase based on PEO (2.10-5 S.cm-1 @ 60°C). The chemical modification of the PEO block leads to Li+ conductivities of 10-6 S.cm-1 at 40°C. The composition of these different copolymers have been varied and their structural, thermal, mechanical and transport properties have been studied. Finally the best electrolytes of each category have been assessed in a full cell configuration
Electrolyte based on fluorinated cyclic quaternary ammonium ionic liquids by My-Loan-Phung Le( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cellules solaires à colorant tout solide composées d'une électrode de TiO2 à porosité hiérarchisée et d'un électrolyte polyliquides ioniques à matrice polysiloxane by Anil Bharwal( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

DSSC is a 3rd generation photovoltaic technology with potential to economically harvest and efficiently convert photons to electricity. Full solid state-DSSC based on solid polymer electrolyte prevents the solvent leaking and evaporation during cell fabrication and operation, which will effectively prolong the cell life time. However, it suffers from low ionic conductivity and poor pore infiltration.The present thesis is dedicated to the concomitant development of polysiloxane-based polymer electrolytes on one side, and TiO2 photoanodes with tuned porosity on the other side, and their incorporation in solid state dye sensitised solar cell (ss-DSSCs), with the aim to improve their photovoltaic efficiency and the long term stability. To best of our knowledge, DSSCs comprising bimodal TiO2 layers and polysiloxane electrolytes have never been reported.The ionic conductivity and tri-iodide diffusion coefficient of the polysiloxane-based poly(ionic) liquids (PILs) were largely improved by adding of ionic liquids (ILs) or ethylene carbonate (EC), achieving ionic conductivities of 10-4 -10-3 Scm-1. The DSSCs fabricated with the optimized electrolytes showed efficiencies up to 6%, with long term stability for 250 days.Bimodal TiO2 films with dual porosity (meso- and macro-porosity) were fabricated by spin-coating, by using soft and hard templating. The dual templated films benefit from increased pore size while maintaining high surface area for dye adsorption. Bimodal films were shown to be more efficient when tested with polymer electrolytes, having comparable efficiencies with liquid electrolyte when in DSSCs, despite lower dye uptake.This thesis brings a significant contribution to the field of DSSCs as efficient and stable solar cells were prepared from newly synthesized polymer electrolytes and bimodal films
Accumulateurs Li/S : barrières organiques à la réactivité des polysulfures by Valentin Vinci( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objectives of this thesis work were to explore new strategies to improve the performance of Li / S accumulators, systems exhibit with high theoretical energy densities whose performance is limited by an electrochemical mechanism including soluble and reactive intermediates. These intermediates induce a low coulombic efficiency and a significant loss of capacity during cycling. Several strategies have been evaluated to create a barrier of organic nature, which mitigate the transport or the reactivity of these polysulfides. The solutions explored are versatile and simple to implement. Good results have been obtained in terms of coulombic efficiency and cyclability, in particular through the use of a polymeric material enables to form ionic interactions with the sulfur intermediates. The mechanism of lithium deposition and dendritic growth has also been studied, for a more complete understanding of the system
Développement d'une nouvelle technologie Li-ion fonctionnant en solution aqueuse by Laureline Marchal( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The use of aqueous electrolytes should permit to improve power performances and decrease significantly the battery cost. Moreover, these kind of electrolytes guarantee a safely use with reduced consequence on the environment. This technology use active materials enable to inserted and deinserted lithium ion. But the choice of lithium insertion compounds was guided and limited by the water electrochemical stability. We selected each component of the Li-ion cell which could be used in aqueous electrolyte; the lithium salt, the binder and the active material. The electrochemical performances of several active materials in aqueous electrolyte were evaluated. In order to increase the Li-ion cell tension, a passive film was form on the electrode surface by diazonium salt reduction. Influence of molecule design and film thickness were studied by voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results clearly show the interest of the formation of these films for lowering the reduction potential of water on glassy carbon and practical Li-ion electrode. This study opens very promising route for the aqueous lithium batteries
Mise au point d'electrolytes innovants et performants pour supercondensateurs by Emmanuelle Perricone( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this work is to to develop and optimize an efficient and safe organic electrolyte for supercapacitor. Indeed, acetonitrile is the solvent commonly used in supercapacitor electrolytes. Due to its flammable character, innovative solvents have to be developed. Several solvent families have been investigated. Thanks to an electrochemical study, stable solvents have been selected to be used in electrolytes. In order to find a compromise between mobility and ionic concentration, solvent mixtures have been studied. The addition of low viscous solvents, as ester and methoxypropionitrile in ethylene carbonate or sulfolane based electrolytes, permits to develop efficient electrolytes. The study of the interactions solvent / solvent and solvent / salt has been performed by calorimetric, viscosimetric and spectroscopic studies. Even if they are very weak, the interactions lead a neat increase of the boiling temperature of the more volatile solvent, thus the flash point
Poly(oxyethylene) and ramie whiskers based nanocomposites: influence of processing: extrusion and casting/evaporation by Fannie Alloin( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Etude Operando des accumulateurs au lithium par couplage spectroscopie à photoémission des rayons X et spectroscopie d'impédance by Jorge Eduardo Morales Ugarte( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Face aux grands défis industriels dans les domaines du stockage électrochimique de l'énergie, un effort de recherche fondamentale sur les matériaux impliqués et leurs interfaces est aujourd'hui indispensable pour un gain en performance, durabilité, sécurité.Dans ce contexte, il est primordial de comprendre les processus interfaciaux mis en jeu qui induisent la dégradation de l'interface lithium métal-électrolyte et entrainent une baisse du rendement Coulombique et favorisent la croissance dendritique.Nous proposons ainsi dans cette thèse une étude couplant des techniques électrochimiques comme la spectroscopie d'impédance avec des techniques d'analyse de surface comme la spectroscopie à photoémission des rayons X pour étudier la réactivité chimique et électrochimiques entre les électrolytes et une électrode de lithium métal.Pour ce faire, un intérêt spécifique a été porté aux électrolytes à base de liquides ioniques, qui ont été proposés comme solvants des sels de lithium, notamment pour leur faible pression de vapeur saturante qui augmente considérablement la sécurité des batteries ainsi conçues.Enfin, ce travail a été consacré en particulier au développement de montages et de mesures operando XPS afin de suivre l'évolution chimique des interfaces à l'intérieur d'une batterie en temps réel
Laser-pyrolysed ZnFe2O4 anode for lithium-ion batteries : understanding of the lithium storage mechanisms by Samantha Bourrioux( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le graphite est le matériau d'électrode négative utilisé actuellement dans les batteries lithium-ion commerciales. Celui-ci souffre malheureusement d'une capacité spécifique relativement faible (372 mAh.g-1) ; son remplacement par un matériau de conversion comme l'oxyde ZnFe2O4, de capacité théorique plus élevée (1001 mAh.g-1) permettrait d'augmenter la capacité de stockage des batteries lithium-ion. Travailler avec des nanoparticules de ZnFe2O4 permettrait également de limiter l'expansion volumique à laquelle est soumis le matériau en cours de cyclage tout en améliorant la cinétique des ions lithium. Des nanopoudres ZnFe2O4 ont été synthétisées au Laboratoire Edifices Nanométriques (LEDNA) du CEA par la méthode de pyrolyse laser. Cette méthode de synthèse flexible a permis d'obtenir des nanopoudres d'oxydes zinc-fer de morphologies différentes grâce à l'ajustement de différents paramètres expérimentaux (précurseurs utilisés, choix et débit des gaz). Les performances électrochimiques de ces nanomatériaux ont été évaluées en demi-cellule face à une contre-électrode de lithium métallique. Des cyclages galvanostatiques à différentes vitesses ont été réalisés à l'Université Technologique de Nanyang (NTU) à Singapour. Les mécanismes fondamentaux régissant le stockage du lithium dans l'oxyde ZnFe2O4 mais aussi dans un mélange ZnO/Fe2O3 ont été étudiés par le biais de caractérisations operando (DRX, 57Fe Mössbauer), en collaboration avec l'Institut Charles Gerhardt de l'université de Montpellier (ICGM). Ces travaux de thèse ont permis de mettre en évidence les performances électrochimiques prometteuses d'une morphologie spécifique de ZnFe2O4 consistant en une population de taille bimodale de particules, ainsi que d'identifier les réactions de lithiation et de délithiation lors des cyclages
Développement et caractérisation des électrolytes plus sûrs et versatiles pour les batteries au lithium métallique ou post-lithium by Hoang Phuong Khanh Ngo( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Safety issues related to chemical leakage, external heating, or explosion restrain the advancement of renewable storage devices based on classical liquid electrolytes. The urgent need for safer batteries requires new technologies such as the replacement of carbonate solvents by green ionic liquid-based electrolytes or the use of conducting polymer membranes. Moreover, facing a future shortage of raw materials such as lithium, trends are to promote the development of rechargeable batteries based on abundant elements i.e. alkali/alkaline-earth metals. A better understanding of cation conductive behavior in these electrolytes become the mainstream for developing high-security lithium and post-lithium batteries.In this work, the first goal was to focus on the physical and ionic transport properties of several binary systems based on the solution of different alkali/alkaline-earth TFSI salts in a common ionic liquid BMIm TFSI. These ionic liquid electrolytes possess unique characteristics that are promising for electrolyte applications e.g. low vapor pressure, non-inflammable, high thermal stability, with sufficient ionic conductivity. These mixtures are studied with the multi-technique approach to reach thermodynamics (thermal properties), dynamics (viscosity, ionic conductivity self-diffusion coefficients) and structural (IR and Raman spectroscopy) description of these systems. The cationic transport behavior in these ionic liquid electrolytes is strongly influenced by the nature of the cation and its concentration. These viscosity dependent phenomena are related to the alkali/alkaline-earth coordination shell.Another goal of this work is the development of new single-ion conducting polymers based on PEO as solid electrolytes for safer lithium and post-lithium rechargeable batteries. These materials exhibit a cation transference number which nearly reaches unity for the cross-linked ionomers and multi-block copolymers. The cycling tests in symmetric lithium-metal cell affirmed the reversibility of electrolyte with stable lithium plating/stripping between two electrodes. High performances in lithium metal batteries using 'home-made' LiFePO4 cathodes demonstrate the potential of these materials as solid electrolytes. An ultimate aim showed the conductivity behavior of the alkali cations in the different polymer matrix. Thanks to the grafting anionic function distributed along the polymer chain, the effect of cation size on its mobility were clearly observed
Développement d'accumulateur nouvelle génération Mg ion by Julien Richard( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This PhD thesis aims to develop Mg-Ion cathode materials. Once the electrolyte selected and the electrochemical characterization system established, two insertion materials families were studied: Chevrel phases and manganese dioxides.The Chevrel phases Mo6S8 and Mo6Se8 have been the subject of a coupled electrochemistry / XPS ex situ understanding study. The two phases were characterized by voltammetry, GITT and PITT showing diffusion coefficients ranging from 10-11 to 10-14 cm2.s-1. Unconventional redox mechanisms were observed by XPS studies indicating a charge transfer inside the anions in addition to the reduction of the transition metals. The comparison of the two materials Mo6S8 and Mo6Se8 indicates the sulfur is more involved in the charge transfer than the selenium.In the second part, two MnO2 promising structures have been selected and studied: hollandite and birnessite. We evidenced that electrolyte hydratation is needed to allow the insertion inside the different MnO2 structures. RMN 1H and XPS analyses revealed a co-insertion phenomenon involving Mg2+ cations and H2O molecules. However, these compounds exhibit a poor cyclability and irreversible capacities of 50% to 80%. This understanding work is a first step towards the design of new reversible insertion materials for Mg-Ion batteries
Corrélation entre dégradation des composants internes et sécurité de fonctionnement des batteries Li-ion by Xavier Fleury( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Lithium-ion batteries have undeniable assets to meet several of the requirements for embedded applications. They provide high energy density and long cycle life. Nevertheless, they can face irreversible damage during their lives which could cause safety issues like the thermal runaway of the battery and its explosion. It is then essential to understand the degradation mechanisms of all the internal components of an accumulator (i.e. electrode materials, collectors, separator and electrolyte) and the progress of events in abusive conditions that can lead to an accident scenario. The aim of this thesis is to work on the security aspects of Lithium-ion batteries in order to understand these degradation mechanisms and to help to prevent future incidents.Even if the degradation mechanisms of all the internal components are studied in this work, a special attention is given to the separator. This component is indeed one of the most important safety devices of a battery and have to be electrochemically, mechanically and thermally characterized after ageing. Different washing methods have been study in order to characterize the separator without any degradation product of the electrolyte which could interfere. Porosity and tortuosity associated with the ionic conductivity of the separator have been tested.The results show that even if the separator is electrochemically inactive, its porosity can decrease because of the degradation of the negative graphite electrode. Indeed, SEI components obstruct the surface porosity of the separator. This porosity change do not cause any mechanical degradation but decrease separator performances at high current rate and promote lithium dendrite growth
Vers des batteries lithium organiques innovantes mettant en jeu des polymères à base de Nméthylphénothiazines modifiées by Romain Guilmin( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The N-methylphenothiazine (MPT) is a prime target with the aim of developing innovative redox organic materials useful as positive electrode of lithium-ion battery. These organic materials are today a credible alternative to inorganic materials by their lower cost and toxicity.It is in this context that MPT-based redox polymers have been synthesized and characterized. Their electrochemical properties have been investigated in lithium cells to estimate their potential.But why the N-methylphenothiazine ? This redox target has two reversible systems but only the first is exploited. The project was therefore the chemical modification of the MPT molecule to modulate potential values of two systems. These chemical developments thus allow improving notably the MPT derivative theoretical capacities accessible in the electrochemical stability range of lithium-ion technology electrolyte.These derivatives were synthesized and tested in lithium cell. Some of them present interesting performances. But despite the use of insoluble materials at the neutral state, cell tests showed material dissolution in the oxidized state, which decreases significantly the obtained capacities
 
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Alternative Names
Fannie Alloin wetenschapper

Languages
French (15)

English (7)