WorldCat Identities

Herrmann, Marine

Overview
Works: 14 works in 21 publications in 2 languages and 54 library holdings
Roles: Thesis advisor, Author, Other, Opponent, Contributor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Marine Herrmann
L'eau à découvert by Luc Abbadie( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Indispensable à la régulation du climat, au développement de la vie sur Terre, au maintien des écosystèmes, aux populations, au développement de l'agriculture, de l'industrie comme à la production d'énergie, l'eau est un élément vital. Il convient donc, dans un contexte de changement global, d'analyser dans toute sa diversité la place et le rôle de l'eau et de se donner ainsi les moyens de mieux la préserver. Autour de cet enjeu qui engage toute l'humanité, Agathe Euzen, Catherine Jeandel et Rémy Mosseri ont réuni près de cent cinquante contributions, visant à apporter un éclairage sur chacun des domaines et des approches que couvre cette thématique. Quelle est l'origine de l'eau? Son rapport avec l'apparition de la vie? Quel rôle a-t-elle joué dans l'histoire de la planète et dans le développement de la vie végétale, animale et humaine? Quel est son cycle? Quelles sont ses propriétés chimiques? Comment les sociétés se sont-elles emparées de cet élément précieux? Allons-nous manquer d'eau? L'eau est-elle source de conflits? Comment l'eau est-elle gérée? Comment recycle-t-on une eau polluée? Quels sont les risques pour la santé mondiale? Quels sont les grands enjeux liés à l'eau au xxie siècle? Comprendre et proposer des solutions à ces défis majeurs est l'intention de cet ouvrage
Sensitivity study on the main tidal constituents of the Gulf of Tonkin by using the frequency-domain tidal solver in T-UGOm by Violaine Piton( )

2 editions published between 2019 and 2020 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Formation et devenir des masses d'eau en Méditerranée nord-occidentale : influence sur l'écosystème planctonique pélagique : variabilité inter-annuelle et changement climatique by Marine Herrmann( Book )

2 editions published between 2007 and 2013 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Our objective is to contribute to the understanding of the functioning of the Mediterranean system using modeling tools. We first study the formation and fate of water masses in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. The impact of the oceanic model spatial resolution on open-ocean deep convection modeling is examined through a real case study, and is related to the essential role played by the mesoscale structures in the formation and fate of deep water. The comparison of simulations performed under different atmospheric forcings enables to study the influence of the spatial resolution of this forcing on the modeling of deep convection and to underline the importance of atmospheric extremes. We then investigate the impact of interannual atmospheric variability and climate change on dense water formation over the Gulf of Lions shelf. The volumes of dense water formed over the shelf, exported and cascading into the deep ocean are well correlated with the winter atmospheric heat loss. The strengthening of the water column stratification between the XXth and the XXIst centuries induces a strong decrease of these volumes. We examine the impact of physical processes on the planktonic pelagic ecosystem using a coupled hydrodynamical - biogeochemical model. The study of a reference year enables to validate the model and to underline its defects. Primary production and respiration show a weak interannual variability, however, carbon exportation and net metabolism show a stronger variability. Finally, the warming of sea water due to climate change induces an increase of primary production by the end of the XXIth century, together with an enhancement of the microbial loop
Etude multi-échelle de la convection océanique profonde en mer Méditerranée : de l'observation à la modélisation climatique by Robin Waldman( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The northwestern Mediterranean sea, also named the Liguro-Provençal basin, is one of the few places where ocean deep convection occurs. This localized and intermittent phenomenon is one of the main modes of interaction between the deep ocean and the climate system. It is of paramount importance for the vertical redistribution of heat, carbon dioxyde and biogeochemical elements, and therefore for climate and marine biology. The PhD has been carried out in the framework of HyMeX programme, it aims at characterizing the ocean deep convection phenomenon in the Liguro-Provençal basin from the year 2012-2013 case study and at understanding the role of mesoscale dynamics and of the resulting intrinsic ocean variability on deep convection. The PhD work has first focused on characterizing the ocean deep convection phenomenon from observations collected during the 2012-2013 case study. We estimated the winter deep convection and spring restratification rates and an Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) was developed to estimate the associated observation error. We conclude on the validity of MOOSE network observations to estimate the deep convection and restratification rates in the period 2012-2013. We characterize the period as exceptionally convective with a winter deep water formation rate of 2.3±0.5Sv (1Sv=106m³/s) and we estimate for the first time a spring deep water restratification rate of 0.8±0.4Sv. Two novel numerical approaches were developped during the PhD to characterize the roles of mesoscale dynamics and of intrinsic variability in the deep convection phenomenon. We implemented AGRIF grid refinement tool in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea within NEMOMED12 regional model to document the impact of mesoscale on deep convection and on the Mediterranean thermohaline circulation. In addition, we carried out perturbed initial state ensemble simulations to characterize the impact of ocean intrinsic variability on convection. After extensively evaluating the realism of deep convection in NEMOMED12 numerical model thanks to the 2012-2013 observations, we study with this model the impact of intrinsic variability on deep convection. During the case study as well as in the 1979-2013 historical period, intrinsic ocean variability largely modulates the mixed patch geography, particularly in the open-sea domain. At climatic timescales, intrinsic variability modulates largely the deep convection rate interannual variability. On average over the historical period, it also modulates the mixed patch geography, but it impacts marginally its magnitude and the properties of the deep water formed. Finally, we study with AGRIF tool the impact of mesoscale dynamics on deep convection and on the thermohaline circulation. In the 2012-2013 case study, mesoscale improves the realism of the simulated convection. We show that it increases the deep convection intrinsic variability. In this period as well as during the 1979-2013 historical period, it decreases the mean deep convection rate and it reduces deep water transformations. We mainly relate its impact on convection to the modifincation of the stationary circulation characterized by a relocation and an intensification of boundary currents and the presence of a stationary Balearic Front meander. Also, in the historical period, exchanges with the Algerian basin are increased, which modifies water mass climatological properties. Finally, the surface signature of mesoscale is likely to alter air-sea interactions and the coastal to regional Mediterranean climate
Du Fleuve Rouge au golfe du Tonkin : dynamique et transport sédimentaire le long du continuum estuaire-zone côtière by Violaine Piton( Book )

2 editions published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les deltas et les régions côtières constituent les sources les plus importantes d'eau douce et de matière en suspension vers le plateau continental puis le large, la compréhension de leur dynamique et de leur variabilité est donc cruciale. Cette thèse vise à mieux comprendre la variabilité spatio-temporelle de la dynamique estuarienne et océanique sous l'influence de forçages naturels et l'influence de cette variabilité sur le transport et devenir des sédiments le long du continuum estuaire - océan côtier du Fleuve Rouge au Golfe du Tonkin. Des observations in-situ collectées dans l'estuaire ont d'abord mis en évidence l'influence de la variabilité saisonnière et de la variabilité due à la marée sur le débit et sur le devenir des matières en suspension, en particulier le rôle du pompage tidal dans l'envasement de l'estuaire. Deuxièmement, un modèle hydrodynamique 3D réaliste, basé sur une configuration haute-résolution et un paramétrage optimisés et validés à partir de plusieurs jeux d'observations in-situ et de données satellitaires, a été utilisé pour l'étude de la circulation à l'échelle du Golfe du Tonkin. Cette configuration a préalablement été optimisée à l'aide de tests de sensibilité des solutions de marée à la bathymétrie et à la paramétrisation du frottement de fond. Les facteurs de la variabilité de cette circulation aux échelles journalière, saisonnière à interannuelle ont été identifiés. La variabilité du transport d'Ekman due à l'inversion saisonnière des vents de mousson a été identifiée comme le principal moteur de la circulation saisonnière, cette dernière pouvant être inversée (intensifiée) en été (hiver) par le passage de typhons. ENSO, l'Oscillation Arctique ou encore une forte activité cyclonique ont été identifiés comme les facteurs de la variabilité interannuelle. Des tests préliminaires avec un module de transport sédimentaire couplé au modèle hydrodynamique ont révélé l'importance, pour la représentation réaliste du transport de matière en suspension, de la composition du sédiment de fond et du paramétrage des coefficients d'érosion
Mediterranean Sea response to climate change in an ensemble of twenty first century scenarios by Fanny Adloff( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Variabilité interannuelle de l'upwelling du sud Vietnam : contributions du forçage atmosphérique, océanique, hydrologique et de la variabilité intrinsèque océanique by Da Nguyen Dac( Book )

2 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The summer South Vietnam Upwelling (SVU) is a major component of the South China Sea circulation that also influences the ecosystems. The objectives of this thesis are first to quantitatively assess the interannual variability of the SVU in terms of intensity and spatial extent, second to quantify the respective contributions from different factors (atmospheric, river and oceanic forcings; ocean intrinsic variability OIV; El-Niño Southern Oscillation ENSO) to the SVU interannual variability, and third to identify and examine the underlying physical mechanisms. To fulfill these goals we use a set of sensitivity eddy-resolving simulations of the SCS circulation performed with the ROMS_AGRIF ocean regional model at 1/12° resolution for the period 1991-2004. The ability of the model to realistically represent the water masses and dynamics of the circulation in the SCS and SVU regions was first evaluated by comparison with available satellite and in-situ observations. We then defined a group of sea-surface-temperature upwelling indices to quantify in detail the interannual variability of the SVU in terms of intensity, spatial distribution and duration. Our results reveal that strong SVU years are offshore-dominant with upwelling centers located in the area within 11-12oN and 110-112oE, whereas weak SVU years are coastal-dominant with upwelling centers located near the coast and over a larger latitude range (10-14oN). The first factor that triggers the strength and extent of the SVU is the summer wind curl associated with the summer monsoon. However, its effect is modulated by several factors including first the OIV, whose contribution reaches 50% of the total SVU variability, but also the river discharge and the remote ocean circulation. The coastal upwelling variability is strongly related to the variability of the eastward jet that develops from the coast. The offshore upwelling variability is impacted by the spatio-temporal interactions of the ocean cyclonic eddies with the wind stress curl, which are responsible for the impact of the OIV. The ocean and river forcing also modulate the SVU variability due to their contribution to the eddy field variability. ENSO has a strong influence on the SVU, mainly due to its direct influence on the summer wind. Those results regarding the interannual variability of the SVU are robust to the choice of the surface bias correction method used in the model. We finally present in Appendix-A2 preliminary results about the impacts of tides
Impact of climate change on sea surface wind in Southeast Asia, from climatological average to extreme events: results from a dynamical downscaling by Marine Herrmann( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Characterizing, modelling and understanding the climate variability of the deep water formation in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea by Samuel Somot( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cycles de l'eau, de la chaleur et du sel en mer de Chine méridionale, de la variation saisonnière à la variabilité interannuelle : modélisation océanique à haute résolution et à bilan fermé by Bich Ngoc Trinh( Book )

2 editions published in 2020 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The South China Sea (SCS) ocean dynamics play an important role at the local scale for the regional climate system, but also in global ocean circulation and climate. Surface waters of the global thermohaline circulation indeed transit from the Pacific to the Indian Oceans across the SCS through several interocean straits (the South China Sea Throughflow, SCSTF), and are significantly modified during this transit. Ocean dynamics moreover influences the SCS marine life through its role in the transport and mixing of the pelagic planktonic ecosystems' components. The general objective of this thesis is to contribute to the understanding of the SCS ocean dynamics and of their interactions with the other compartments of the regional system, by focusing on the functioning and variability of the SCS water, heat and salt budgets with the perspective to study their impact on the pelagic planktonic ecosystems. For that, a high resolution (4 km) configuration of a regional physical-biogeochemical ocean model covering the SCS with rigorously closed budgets is developed and used to perform and analyze simulations over the recent period 2009 - 2018. We first show by comparison with available satellite data and in-situ observations the ability of our physical simulation to reproduce the surface water masses and circulation characteristics as well as thermohaline vertical distribution, at the climatological, seasonal and interannual scales. We then examine the climatological average and seasonal cycle of all components involved in the water volume, heat and salt budgets over the SCS: internal variations and lateral, atmospheric and river fluxes. Water and salt inputs to the SCS are mostly related to the lateral inflow of Pacific water through the Luzon strait. About 1/2 of those inputs is released through the Mindoro strait to the Sulu sea, 1/4 through the Taiwan strait to the East China Sea and 1/4 through the Karimata strait to the Java Sea. Heat gain mostly comes for the Luzon lateral input (~ 3/4) and from the atmosphere (~1/4), and is equivalently released through the Mindoro, Taiwan and Karimata straits. Over the studied period, the SCS stores respectively 0.3% and 2.5% of the total salt and heat inputs. The seasonal cycle of water and salt budgets is mainly driven by the net lateral water flux through interocean straits, whereas the seasonal cycle of heat budget is mainly governed by the atmospheric heat flux. On the interannual time scale, water, heat and salt fluxes at Luzon and Mindoro straits are highly correlated together and show the strongest variability of all straits' transports, and high correlations with ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation) and PDO (Pacific Decadal Oscillation). The annual atmospheric water flux governs the interannual variability of SCS water budget: a variation of annual atmospheric freshwater input induces a mirror variation of lateral outflow so that the SCS volume hardly varies at the interannual scale. The SCS salt budget is regulated at the first order by the interannual variability of net lateral water flux, then by the salinity of the in/outflowing interocean waters. In particular, we show that the recent SCS saltening was mainly induced by the increase in the inflow of salty Pacific water which compensated a deficit of rainfall freshwater over the area. The heat budget interannual variability is driven first by the total lateral heat flux, itself driven by the variability of the temperature of the out/inflowing waters, then by the variability of the lateral water flux and surface heat flux. Water and salt budgets as well as the SCSTF are strongly affected by ENSO and PDO, whereas the heat budget is only affected by ENSO
On the Chaotic Variability of Deep Convection in the Mediterranean Sea( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Chaotic intrinsic variability is a fundamental driver of the oceanic variability. Its understanding is key to interpret observations, evaluate numerical models, and predict the future ocean and climate. Here we study intrinsic variability of deep convection in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea using an ensemble eddy-resolving hindcast simulation over the period 1979-2013. We find that the variability of deep convection is mostly forced but also, to a considerable extent, intrinsic. The intrinsic variability can dominate the total convection variability locally and over a single winter. It also makes up a significant fraction of its interannual variability but has only modest impacts on the long-term mean state. We find that the occurrence of deep convection is random 18% of years at the basin scale, and 29% locally at the LION observational site. Spatially, the intrinsic variability is highest far from the continental shelf. We relate this pattern to baroclinic instability theory that takes bottom stabilization into account. Key Points: The chronology of deep convection is largely random due to the Intrinsic Ocean Variability arising from a mesoscale-eddying ocean The spatial patterns of intrinsic variability can be explained by the effect of bottom topography on baroclinic instability Our results support the paradigm change from deterministic to probabilistic oceanography
Comparison of ocean dynamics with a regional circulation model and improved altimetry in the North-western Mediterranean( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Formation et devenir des masses d'eau en Méditerranée nord-occidentale influence sur l'écosystème planctonique pélagique : variabilité inter-annuelle et changement climatique by Marine Herrmann( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Notre objectif est de contribuer à la compréhension du fonctionnement du système Méditerranéen grâce à la modélisation. Nous nous intéressons d'abord à la formation et au devenir des masses d'eau en Méditerranée nord-occidentale. L'influence de la résolution spatiale du modèle océanique est examinée lors de l'étude de la convection profonde au large pour une année réelle. Le rôle essentiel joué par les structures de méso-échelle dans la formation et le devenir de l'eau profonde est mis en évidence. La comparaison de simulations effectuées avec différents forçages atmosphériques permet de montrer l'influence de la résolution spatiale de ce forçage sur la modélisation de la convection, liée à l'importance des extrêmes atmosphériques. Puis nous examinons l'impact de la variabilité interannuelle atmosphérique et du changement climatique sur la formation d'eau dense sur le plateau du Golfe du Lion. Les volumes d'eau dense formée, exportée, et cascadant sont corrélés à la perte de chaleur atmosphérique hivernale. L'intensification de la stratification de la colonne d'eau d'ici la fin du XXIème siècle provoque une quasi-disparition du cascading. L'influence des processus physiques sur l'écosystème planctonique pélagique est examinée au moyen d'un modèle couplé hydrodynamique-biogéochimie
Le golfe du Lion, poumon de la circulation méditerranéenne by Claude Estournel( )

1 edition published in 2009 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
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Languages
English (13)

French (8)