WorldCat Identities

Gouranton, Erwan

Overview
Works: 3 works in 4 publications in 2 languages and 6 library holdings
Roles: Author, Other
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Erwan Gouranton
<> by Radina Kostadinova( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

<> by Franck Tourniaire( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Effets du lycopène et du ß-carotène sur la physiologie du tissu adipeux : un impact globalement positif sur les désordres physiopathologiques associés à l'obésité ? by Erwan Gouranton( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Adipose tissue is a complex organ who exerts several metabolic functions. It is involved in the regulation of the energy balance and since a decade is well known as an exocrine organ who secrets several proteins collectively called adipokines. It is one of the main organs involved in obesity where it concentrates several cellular dysfunctions which will have important physiological consequences such as development of insulin resistance, type II diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Epidemiological studies have reported that high consumption of fruits and vegetables is link to a decrease of pathologies such as cardiovascular diseases, type II diabetes and cancer; due to the presence of micronutrients notably carotenoids. Among these carotenoids, lycopene and ß-carotene play an important role. They are the main carotenoids in our diet, and are physiologically store in adipose tissue. Furthermore, others studies point that the high consumption or concentration of these compounds in adipose tissue is associated to a decrease of the risk to develop cardiovascular diseases. However, the link between carotenoids, adipose tissue, obesity-associated pathologies is unclear. The aim of this thesis was to bring some explanatory way to this association. An analyze of the transcriptome and microtranscriptome of adipocytes in response to lycopene (all-trans and 5-cis, the two main isomers and the metabolite) and ß-carotene also reveal that these compounds influence a large amount of genes and miRNAs. These effects can also explain a part of the positives effects attributed to these carotenoids. We found that lycopene decrease the inflammatory state of adipose tissue in response to a high fat diet. This phenomenon is explained by a decrease of the NF-?B activity. We also found that a metabolite of lycopene, the apo-10'-lycopenoic acid is able to transactivate RAR in vivo in different tissues included adipose tissue and possess the same anti inflammatory property than all-trans lycopene. In another article, we show that, a diet rich in ß-carotene in mouse lead to a decrease of adiposity. This effect is BCMO1 and PPAR? dependant. This enzyme, BCMO1, seems to play a key role in adipose tissue. Taking all these results together, we open new ways related to the effect of lycopene and ß- carotene on adipose tissue. These results can explain at least in part the benefic effects observed in several studies
 
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