WorldCat Identities

Moussa, Roger

Overview
Works: 22 works in 23 publications in 3 languages and 31 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Other, Opponent, Thesis advisor, Author, Contributor
Classifications: TD7, 550
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Roger Moussa
HYDROTEL 2.0 : user's guide by J. P Fortin( Book )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Assessing lateral flows and solute transport during floods in a conduit-flow-dominated karst system using the inverse problem for the advection-diffusion equation by Cybèle Cholet( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Modélisation hydrologique distribuée des crues en région Cévennes-Vivarais : impact des incertitudes liées à l'estimation des précipitations et à la paramétrisation du modèle by Rafael Navas Nunez( )

1 edition published in 2017 in Spanish and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Il est connu qu'avoir un système d'observation de la pluie de haute résolution spatio - temporelle est crucial pour obtenir de bons résultats dans la modélisation pluie - écoulement. Le radar est un outil qui donne des estimations quantitatives de precipitation avec une très bonne résolution. Lorsqu'il est fusionné avec un réseau des pluviomètres les avantages des deux systèmes sont obtenus. Cependant, les estimations fournies par le radar ont des incertitudes différentes à celles qui sont obtenus avec les pluviomètres. Dans le processus de calcul pluie - écoulement l'incertitude des précipitations interagit avec l'incertitude du modèle hydrologique. L'objectif de ce travail est d'étudier les méthodes utilisées pour quantifier l'incertitude dans l'estimation des précipitations par fusion radar - pluviomètres et de l'incertitude dans la modélisation hydrologique, afin de développer une méthodologie d'analyse de leurs contributions individuelles au traitement pluie - écoulement.Le travail est divisé en deux parties, la première cherche à évaluer: Comment peut-on quantifier l'incertitude de l'estimation des précipitations par radar? Pour répondre à la question, l'approche géostatistique par Krigeage avec Dérive Externe (KED) et Génération Stochastique de la précipitation a été utilisée, qui permet de modéliser la structure spatio - temporaire de l'erreur. La méthode a été appliquée dans la région des Cévennes - Vivarais (France), où il y a un système très dense d'observation. La deuxième partie explique: Comment pourrais être quantifiée l'incertitude de la simulation hydrologique qui provient de l'estimation de précipitation par radar et du processus de modélisation hydrologique? Dans ce point, l'outil de calcul hydrologique à Mesoéchelle (HCHM) a été développé, c'est un logiciel hydrologique distribuée et temps continu, basé sur le Numéro de Courbe et l'Hydrographe Unitaire. Il a été appliqué dans 20 résolutions spatio - temporelles allant de 10 à 300 km2 et 1 à 6 heures dans les bassins de l'Ardèche (~ 1971 km2) et le Gardon (1810 km2). Apres une analyse de sensibilité, le modèle a été simplifié avec 4 paramètres et l'incertitude de la chaîne de processus a été analysée: 1) Estimation de precipitation; 2) Modélisation hydrologique; et 3) Traitement pluie - écoulement, par l'utilisation du coefficient de variation de l'écoulement simulé.Il a été montré que KED est une méthode qui fournit l'écart type de l'estimation des précipitations, lequel peut être transformé dans une estimation stochastique de l'erreur locale. Dans la chaîne des processus: 1) L'incertitude dans l'estimation de précipitation augmente avec la réduction de l'échelle spatio - temporelle, et son effet est atténué par la modélisation hydrologique, vraisemblablement par les propriétés de stockage et de transport du bassin ; 2) L'incertitude de la modélisation hydrologique dépend de la simplification des processus hydrologiques et pas de la surface du bassin ; 3) L'incertitude dans le traitement pluie - écoulement est le résultat de la combinaison amplifiée des incertitudes de la précipitation et la modélisation hydrologique
Développement d'une modélisation du devenir de pesticides à l'échelle d'un versant au sein d'une plateforme hydrologique, prise en compte de la macroporosité by Karima Djabelkhir( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of my thesis is to develop a spatial scale modeling of a catchment, to better reflect the main pathways of pesticides in agricultural lands. We are looking to adopt a simplified approach, yet it allows to represent the existing discontinuities (plots, ditches, embankments ... etc). Indeed, we wish to quantify the mechanisms of transfer of pesticides taking into account the influence of landscape features (patches, ditches, grass strips ... etc) on the partition of water transfers and pesticides in surface and subsurface. It relies for this development on the acquired data on the experimental watershed Morcille (69), which serve to provide orders of magnitude and a framework to test the relevance of business developments. A literature review on the processes involved and the existing models led to the choice of hydrological modeling framework CMF, developed at the University of Giessen (Kraft, 2012). CMF allows for object oriented modeling of a hydrologic system (soil column, slope, watershed etc.) and offers a wide variety of physical equations for the representation of hydrological processes. The work is conducted in three steps, the first involves assessing the behavior of CMF and validating its response via the comparison initially via a 1D model following a comparison with Hydrus1D. Secondly, we conducted 2D simulations comparing with the Cathy model based on the work of Sulis et al. (2010) and Hydrus2D (Simunek et al., 1999 & Simunek et al., 2001) on a hillslope inspired from the experimental slope of Morcille. The second step is to take account of preferential flow in certain types of structured soil, seems necessary for better representation of the processes. The representation of the preferential transfer of pesticides through macropores to water resources is still a research challenge. The dual permeability approach (DP) contains selected developing the infiltration of a new function in the macropores. Our DP model also contains two alternative exchange functions matrix-macropores; the first one is proportional to the difference of the water contents of the two compartments of the soil (Philip, 1968). The second exchange function is a diffusing wave based on the approach outlined by van Genuchten (1993). The last part of the thesis consists in the modeling of solutes successively following two approaches: single dual porosity and permeability, considering the convective transport of solutes and a linear adsorption. The validation of our modeling approach is conducted by comparing with the Hydrus1D / 2D simulations
Cartographie des événements hydrologiques extrêmes et estimation SCHADEX en sites non jaugés by David Penot( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since 2006, at EDF, extreme flood estimations are computed with the SCHADEX method (Climatic-hydrological simulation of extreme floods). This method relies on a MEWP probabilistic model (seasonal rainfall distribution using a weather pattern concept) and on a stochastic simulation to cross rainy events hazard and catchment saturation states. Simulation approaches, as SCHADEX, have shown good performances to estimate extreme flood distributions. However, the use of SCHADEX method without data for a considered catchment (rain, temperature, runoff) remains a main issue. This thesis suggests an adaptation of the method in ungauged context, trying to keep the key points of the SCHADEX method: - spatial and probabilistic structure of rainfall conditioned by weather patterns. - a cross of rainfall and catchment saturation hazards by stochastic simulation. This work is limited to a daily step to address the issue of regionalization with a maximum of data. The approach is then structured around four main points: - regionalize punctual daily extreme precipitations and construct maps of return period rainfalls. Evaluate the contribution of a weather type classification for the regionalization of extreme rainfall distributions and qualify the SPAZM interpolator for the estimation of extreme rainfall. - wonder about the construction of an areal rainfall and in particular about the impact of its construction choices on the estimation of extreme precipitations. - develop a regional stochastic simulation method to estimate a distribution of daily runoffs which crosses rainy events and catchment saturation hazards. - study the transposition from a daily runoff distribution to a peak flow distribution. The main contributions of this thesis are: - taking into account the weather types improves the description of spatial patterns of extreme precipitations. - information provided by the SPAZM rainfall interpolator proves to be valuable for the estimation of extreme rainfall in ungauged site. - a sensitivity analysis of the calculation of the areal rainfall based on the number of stations used (comparison SPAZM and Thiessen areal rainfalls) gives an indication of the estimation bias. - the SAMPO rainfall generator used to study the areal reduction factor of extreme precipitation and implement a correction model for high quantiles of SPAZM areal rainfall. - a simplified method of stochastic simulation similar to SCHADEX method (cross between a rainfall hazard and a catchment saturation hazard) is developed to produce a distribution of daily flows in ungauged site. - finally, preliminary work provides a way for the transition to the peak flow distribution using a hydrograph generator adapted to the sequence of daily simulated runoffs. All these developments and conclusions are detailed and justified in the thesis.STAR
Wavelet and index methods for the identification of pool-riffle sequences by Mounir Mahdade( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Modélisation numérique du transfert sédimentaire en bassin versant montagneux fortement érodable by Florent Taccone( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In some small mountain catchments, extreme rainfall events can lead to strong sediment exports. This large volume of sediment can have an impact on the management of hydraulic structures downstream these basins. Today, to represent erosion processes on a watershed scale, distributed conceptual models are mainly used (CASC2D, SHETRAN, DWSM). These models are based on global erosion formulas and are validated for coarse mesh sizes (> 30 m). On the other hand, there are models capable of finely representing gravity erosion processes, by multiphase flows, mainly used on small-scale cases. This thesis work proposes the development of a physics-based model capable of representing both hydraulic transfers and watershed hydrology, gravity-driven erosion processes and sediment erosion/deposition in the hydraulic network. This will quantify sediment export at the outlet of a basin for extreme events, identify areas of high sediment production and sediment storage dynamics in the hydraulic network to facilitate watershed management. The first step is to evaluate the resolution of the Saint-Venant equations for run off with low water depths on steep slopes. To diagnose the different numerical schemes that can be found in the literature, a test case, with an analytical solution of the Saint-Venant equations, representing a straight channel on which a constant rain falls is used. This test case includes a dry zone upstream and allows the evaluation of the key properties that a scheme must include to represent runoff over a watershed, such as positive water depths, the transition between dry and wet zones, the balance of the lake at rest and the non-limitation of the slope. The Chen and Noelle (2017) scheme is finally chosen.Then, with the addition of a Green-Ampt infiltration law (1911), the model will be evaluated in its ability to represent output hydrographs, but especially local flow velocities over real watersheds. For this, we evaluate the part of error coming from the numerical resolution and the physical modeling of the friction of the water on the bottom through four experimental cases from the laboratory scale to a basin of 1 km².A gravity erosion model, based on Takahashi's (2009) detachment and deposition criteria, is coupled to the global hydraulic model by a bottom evolution equation. The evolution of the sediment stock in the hydraulic network is modeled using an advection equation representing suspended sediments in the flow. The classic laws of Krone and Parthenades erosion and deposition are used for the recovery sediment deposition in the network.The erosion model is then validated on the Laval watershed (86 ha), instrumented and monitored by the ORE Draix-Bléone, on several very erosive events. Finally, the model is applied to two basins that are not instrumented but are of interest to EDF, for an ovoid dimensioning study in the Durance valley. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator
A non-stationary model for reconstruction of historical annual runoff on tropical catchments under increasing urbanization (Yaoundé, Cameroon) by Camille Jordan( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Paramétrisation multi-critère et multi-échelle d'un modèle hydrologique spatialisé de crue en milieu agricole by Nanée Chahinian( Book )

2 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Determinants of modelling choices for 1-D free-surface flow and morphodynamics in hydrology and hydraulics: a review by Bruno Cheviron( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mediterranean Specific Climate Classification and Future Evolution Under RCP Scenarios by Antoine Allam( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fonctionnement et modélisation hydrologique d'un petit bassin versant cultivé en milieu volcanique tropical by Jean-Baptiste Charlier( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The aim of this study was to characterize the hydrological behaviour of a small cultivated catchment in a tropical volcanic region. The Féfé catchment (17.8 ha), mainly planted with banana in the island of Basse-Terre in Guadeloupe (FWI), was studied between 2003 and 2006. An integrated experimental approach including geological, hydrological, hydrogeological and tracer experiments allowed the establishment of a behaviour scheme. A spatial modelling approach at the plot and catchment scales that takes into account specific features of cultivated areas as rainfall redistribution by plant (stemflow of the banana tree) and stream-groundwater interactions, allowed the characterization of the hydrological processes variability. The results indicate that despite the abundant rainfall volume and the high rainfall intensities, the heterogeneous and permeable volcanic framework promote underground flow paths. Land-use and ditch networks are key features for runoff generation
Construction planning scheduling and estimating of "Al Madam Bridge", United Arab Emirates by Roger Moussa( Book )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Comparison of infiltration models to simulate flood events at the field scale( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Variabilité spatio-temporelle et modélisation hydrologique : application au bassin du Gardon d'Anduze by Roger Moussa( Book )

in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

CE MEMOIRE PRESENTE UN MODELE HYDROLOGIQUE SPATIALISE, BASE SUR DES CONCEPTS PHYSIQUES SIMPLIFIES A DES FINS DE GESTION DE LA RESSOURCE EN EAU, TOUT EN INTEGRANT LE MAXIMUM D'INFORMATIONS SPATIALE ET TEMPORELLE. LE BASSIN VERSANT DU GARDON D'ANDUZE (SUD DE LA FRANCE) EST RETENU POUR LES APPLICATIONS. LA DEMARCHE ADOPTEE COMPORTE DEUX PARTIES: LA PREMIERE CONSISTE EN UN INVENTAIRE ET UN TRAITEMENT PRELIMINAIRE DE L'INFORMATION DISPONIBLE. ON ETUDIE LA VARIABILITE, D'UNE PART SPATIALE DE LA STRUCTURE DU RESEAU HYDROGRAPHIQUE ET DE LA STRUCTURE DES SOUS-BASSINS VERSANTS ET D'AUTRE PART TEMPORELLE DU CHAMP PLUVIOMETRIQUE. LA CARACTERISATION FRACTALE DE CES GRANDEURS CONDUIT A DEGAGER LEUR CARACTERISTIQUES INDEPENDAMMENT DE L'ECHELLE D'OBSERVATION. LA DEUXIEME PARTIE EST CONSACREE AU DEVELOPPEMENT DU MODELE HYDROLOGIQUE. ON DISCUTE SEPAREMENT DES DIFFERENTS MODULES: LA DISCRETISATION SPATIALE, LE PARAMETRAGE, LE BILAN VERTICAL ET LA FONCTION DE TRANSFERT. UNE DISCRETISATION DU SOL EN TROIS COUCHES EST SPECIALEMENT ELABOREE POUR TENIR COMPTE DES VARIABLES PHYSIQUES DU BASSIN (VEGETATION, TOPOGRAPHIE, TEXTURE DU SOL, ...). LE TRANSFERT DE L'EAU DE CHAQUE CELLULE HYDROLOGIQUE (ICI LES VERSANTS) S'EFFECTUE PAR UN HYDROGRAMME UNITAIRE CALCULE A PARTIR DE LA GEOMORPHOLOGIE
Régionalisation d'un modèle hydrologique distribué pour la modélisation de bassins non jaugés. Application aux vallées de la Loire et de la Durance by Laura Rouhier( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

To provide reliable simulations, hydrological models usually require the calibration of their parameters over streamflow data. However, the latter are limited and most of the catchments remained ungauged. Consequently, alternative methods termed 'regionalization' are needed to estimate model parameters. The thesis proposes to combine the three classical methods in order to regionalize the parameters of a distributed model over two large French catchments: the Loire catchment at Gien and the Durance catchment at Cadarache. On the basis of the three regionalization methods, the degree of spatialization is adapted to the different model parameters according to their characteristics and their hydrological role. In fine, the proposed multi-method and multi-pattern approach (i) significantly reduces the number of degrees of freedom, (ii) improves the representation of the catchment physical variability, and (iii) significantly improves the performance of the simulations. In the ungauged context, the parameter spatialization allows an improvement of about 10%, and in particular, the multi-method and multi-pattern povides an improvement of about 7% compared to a single regionalization method. Despite these improvements, the impact of the climatic input spatialization remains 6 times greater than th parameter spatialization
Prédétermination des débits de crues extrêmes en sites non jaugés : régionalisation de la méthode par simulation SHYREG by Jean Odry( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'estimation de l'aléa hydrologique en sites non jaugés présente un enjeu important pour la gestion des risques. La complexité du phénomène réside à la fois dans la nécessité d'avoir une approche multivariée (estimation de caractéristiques multiples des crues : durées, périodes de retour) qui propose une extrapolation raisonnable des événements. SHYREG est une méthode basée sur la simulation de scénarios de crues, qui présente ces avantages. Évaluée lors du projet ANR ExtraFlo, elle présente de bonnes performances en justesse et en stabilité lorsqu'elle est calée sur des données locales de débits. Cette méthode vise à estimer des débits de crue en tout point du territoire. Elle doit donc pouvoir être appliquée en site non jaugés.Le travail de thèse présenté ici se focalise sur le transfert de la méthode vers le non jaugé en s'intéressant aux valeurs des débits simulés mais aussi à leur cohérence. Tout d'abord, une révision du calage a permis de s'assurer de la cohérence des débits simulés le long d'un cours d'eau. Ensuite, l'application d'un large panel de méthodes de régionalisation a permis de déterminer que la régionalisation devait s'appuyer à la fois sur la structure spatiale et sur les caractéristiques physiographiques des bassins. Finalement, une méthode qui régionalise SHYREG simultanément à son calage a été retenue. Une comparaison avec d'autres approches régionalisées a mis en évidence la qualité du modèle développé
Du drain potentiel au drain réel : utilisation de données satellitales à très haute résolution pour l'étude de l'origine géomorphologique des chemins de l'eau sur des bassins versants méditerranéens soumis aux crues éclair. by Denis Maréchal( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In Mediterranean areas, heavy rainfalls can generate flash floods during fall season. The rainfall intensities and their high spatial variability combined with complex processes of run-off generation reduce drastically the predictability of these phenomena. Although rainfall intensities monitoring techniques are progressing, another way to better understand and predict the hydrological responses of the catchments is to better understand the hydrological processes underlying the spatial and temporal variability of water pathways on upstream elementary catchments where concentrated flows begin. In the framework of spatial hydrology, this PhD proposes to study the potentialities of remote sensing, in particular the emergent high spatial resolution 3D products, to characterize catchments drainage elementary networks in order to relate some derivated geomorphologic traits to the observed hydrological responses all over catchments. This permits to identify the involved hydrological processes during flow dynamics on upstream mountainous catchments. This work is organized in two axes. The first one consists in characterizing, from 3D satellite data, the “potential” drain corresponding to the dry morphological network of a basin, formed by the continuum of thalweg lines within a catchment. An original algorithm, based on a TIN DEM structure, has been specifically designed for this purpose. This algorithm allows the delineation of thalwegs networks and provides geomorphological traits of catchments and networks. The second axe concern the study of the spatial dynamic of the “real” drain, which is the drain with effective flow. The goal is to enhance the understanding of flow networks spatial dynamics during rainfall events. A specific sensor network has been specially distributed on two experimental sub-catchments of the Gardon d'Anduze watershed in order to monitor the spatio-temporal variations of flow and network dynamics. The relationship between computed geomorphologic features and observed hydrological responses along networks tends to confirm the prevalence of sub-surface flows on the studied catchments. This exhibits two types of hydrographic networks, showing two distinct hydrological behaviors (the principal and secondary networks). Results also show the great influence of slopes and their variations on flow initiation and durability, and to propose hypothesis of hydrological mechanisms, in function of the observed events
 
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Languages
French (10)

English (10)

Spanish (1)