WorldCat Identities

École doctorale Sciences pour l'Ingénieur (Lille)

Overview
Works: 1,813 works in 2,111 publications in 2 languages and 2,109 library holdings
Roles: Other, Degree grantor, 996
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by École doctorale Sciences pour l'Ingénieur (Lille)
Damage modeling of fibre reinforced polymer composite materials under cyclic loadings by a simplified approach by Dmytro Vasiukov( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ce travail de thèse présente le développement de modèles numériques pour la modélisation de l'endommagement des matériaux composites à fibres continues et matrice polymère. L'objectif est de fournir des outils numériques efficaces pour prédire l'endommagement sous chargement monotone et cyclique. Deux modèles ont été développés, un basé sur une approche multi-échelle d'homogénéisation et l'autre défini dans le cadre de la mécanique de l'endommagement. Ce dernier est utilisé dans une nouvelle approche pour prédire la durée de vie des matériaux composites. La première approche est une méthode multi-échelle afin d'étudier l'influence de l'endommagement à l'échelle microscopique sur le comportement macroscopique du composite. Le comportement macroscopique est déterminé par homogénéisation d'une cellule unitaire. L'approche est appliquée au cas d'un composite unidirectionnel afin d'étudier l'influence de l'endommagement de la matrice. Pour contourner les difficultés d'une approche multi-échelle, un modèle mésoscopique basé sur le couplage entre la plasticité et l'endommagement est proposé. Le modèle est validé et confronté à d'autres modèles ainsi qu'à des résultats expérimentaux. La dernière contribution est le développement d'une nouvelle approche pour la prédiction de la durée de vie des matériaux composites s'appuyant sur l'hypothèse que le matériau atteint un état stabilisé d'endommagement. Cette hypothèse permet d'utiliser l'analyse simplifiée pour prédire les états stabilisés. Le modèle de fatigue proposé est une loi puissance entre le nombre de cycles et les forces thermodynamiques associées à l'endommagement. L'approche est validée à partir de résultats expérimentaux
Modélisation en contexte aléatoire des propriétés de transport des matériaux fibreux by Fan Zhang( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) processes, the randomness in the permeability of fibrous reinforcement leads to irregular flow patterns and defects in composite products. A methodology has been developed for applying stochastic computational methods to simulate the uncertainty propagation from the fibrous architecture to the mold-filling responses, so as to study the stochastic phenomena in the RTM filling stage. Based on the developed numerical schemes for mold-filling simulation, the solutions of the stochastic system, by either intrusive or non-intrusive techniques, are implemented. The bidirectional non-crimp fabric with periodic architecture and the chopped strand mat with random architecture have been studied, respectively. The random architectural parameters are extracted by analyzing dry fabric images. Local permeability model accounting for the randomness in architecture is constructed by numerical simulation of unit cell flow physics or statistical continuum approach. Statistical properties are evaluated and used in the stochastic simulation to predict the statistics of mold-filling responses, which are compared with the experimental results for validation of the stochastic permeability model. In addition, numerical simulation methods are implemented for other mold-filling mechanisms with uncertainty involved, e.g. the race-tracking, the saturation of wrinkled fabric and the dual-scale saturation, to study other stochastic phenomena in the RTM filling process
Application des Bond graphs à la modélisation et à la commande de réseaux électriques à structure variable by Roberto Sanchez( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis concerns the problem linked to the association of the main components of an electrical network.The inductive nature of the elements to be connected involved some problems for their association through a common connection node. Two solutions are proposed to solve this problem and thus make possible the simulation. One solution accepts the presence of derivative causality in the global model, the second one consists in simplifying the models by removing locally dynamic modes to facilitate their association.The graphical description of causality in the global model of a micro grid with variable structure shows up that different configurations are possible, with different behavior and functioning for the components in each case.The bond graph tool has been chosen for modeling the different components, analyzing the model properties and designing control laws based on inverse models derived from bicausal bond graph. Robustness to parameter uncertainties of the electronic power converter control law is analyzed in a traditional way, by varying the load connected to the power converter. The control law is validated by simulation and experimentally
Modélisation de signaux temporels hautes fréquences multicapteurs à valeurs manquantes : Application à la prédiction des efflorescences phytoplanctoniques dans les rivières et les écosystèmes marins côtiers by Kévin Rousseeuw( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Because of the growing interest for environmental issues and to identify direct and indirect effects of anthropogenic activities on ecosystems, environmental monitoring programs have recourse more and more frequently to high resolution, autonomous and multi-sensor instrumented stations. These systems are implemented in harsh environment and there is a need to stop measurements for calibration, service purposes or just because of sensors failure. Consequently, data could be noisy, missing or out of range and required some pre-processing or filtering steps to complete and validate raw data before any further investigations. In this context, the objective of this work is to design an automatic numeric system able to manage such amount of data in order to further knowledge on water quality and more precisely with consideration about phytoplankton determinism and dynamics. Main phase is the methodological development of phytoplankton bloom forecasting models giving the opportunity to end-user to handle well-adapted protocols. We propose to use hybrid Hidden Markov Model to detect and forecast environment states (identification of the main phytoplankton bloom steps and associated hydrological conditions). The added-value of our approach is to hybrid our model with a spectral clustering algorithm. Thus all HMM parameters (states, characterisation and dynamics of these states) are built by unsupervised learning. This approach was applied on three data bases: first one from the marine instrumented station MAREL Carnot (Ifremer) (2005-2009), second one from a Ferry Box system implemented in the eastern English Channel en 2012 and third one from a freshwater fixed station in the river Deûle in 2009 (Artois Picardie Water Agency). These works fall within the scope of a collaboration between IFREMER, LISIC/ULCO and Artois Picardie Water Agency in order to develop optimised systems to study effects of anthropogenic activities on aquatic systems functioning in a regional context of massive blooms of the harmful algae, Phaeocystis globosa
Modélisations micro-macro du comportement mécanique des matériaux poreux ductiles : application à l'argilite du Callovo-Oxfordien by Wanqing Shen( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ce travail porte sur des modélisations, par techniques d'homogénéisation, de la plasticité des matériaux poreux ductiles. Différentes classes de milieux poreux (avec ou sans compressibilité plastique de la matrice) sont considérées. Pour une matrice de von Mises, nous avons obtenu une expression du critère macroscopique de plasticité des milieux contenant des cavités sphéroïdales aléatoirement orientées. Une extension du critère de Gurson est proposée pour des matériaux dont la matrice est plastiquement compressible et obéit à un critère elliptique. Les résultats obtenus sont appliqués et illustrés dans le cas des milieux à double porosité. Un accent particulier a été ensuite mis sur les géomatériaux poreux. L'argilite du Callovo Oxfordien, géomatériau auquel on s'est intéressé, est modélisé comme un milieu hétérogène, constitué à l'échelle mésoscopique d'une matrice élastoplastique poreuse et d'inclusions élastiques. La transition micro-méso aboutissant à la loi de la matrice argileuse est réalisée pour une phase solide de type Drucker-Prager, à écoulement associé ou non, et pour des cavités sphériques. Tandis que le passage méso-macro s'inscrit dans une démarche d'homogénéisation incrémentale de Hill. Les capacités prédictives du modèle basé sur une phase solide à loi d'écoulement non associée ont été démontrées à travers une large validation expérimentale. Enfin, par souci de simplification du modèle micro-macro proposé pour l'argilite, une version simplifiée du modèle est proposée en s'appuyant sur l'hypothèse d'inclusions rigides. L'introduction d'une règle d'écoulement macroscopique non associée a conduit à des prédictions d'excellente qualité pour l'argilite
Analyse et mise en oeuvre des schémas numériques pour la physique des plasmas ionosphériques et de tokamaks by Chang Yang( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis focuses on modeling and numerical simulation of ionospheric and Tokamak plasmas.The first part of this work concerns the modeling and simulation of ionospheric perturbations effects for earth-satellite communications. The starting point of this part is an asymptotic analysis of Euler-Maxwell model leading to Dynamo model, which results into a 3D coupling problem between an elliptic equation for the electric potential and a mass conservation equation for the plasma density. Because of the strong anisotropy of the diffusion matrix associated with the elliptic equation, we developed an asymptotic preserving numerical scheme thus allowing the well conditioned linear system. The simulation of the mass conservation equation is made by using high order conservation laws scheme. The validation of this model Dynamo is obtained by a comparison with the 2D Striation model. In the second part, we are interested in tokamak plasma. We extract from TOKAM3D model, a 2D nonlinear energy balance equation containing all the numerical difficulties. Standard numerical methods are very CPU consuming, thus we develop an implicit-explicit scheme shown efficient and stable for this type of problem. Finally, this scheme is combined with dimensional splitting method for the discretization and numerical experiments are then presented
Contribution à l'élaboration d'une plateforme miniaturisée de test en routine du pouvoir infectieux d'agents pathogènes : application à Cryptosporidium sp. by Romuald-Alexis Lejard( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work focuses on the development of a microfluidic platform (lab on a chip) for the measurement of pathogens infectivity power in water. The main function studied in this manuscript is the concentration of parasites suspended in a liquid. The manipulation of microparticles is based on the use of electrokinetic forces. Numerical analysis in two and three dimensions provides qualitative information. It can also extract the geometric key values of electrodes used for the concentration of the microparticles. These theoretical results are confirmed experimentally using two devices containing a wide variety of concentrators. From the theoretical and experimental results, we design an optimized concentrator. It is integrated in a system allowing droplet motion by electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD). This system is used in three modes: concentrator, extractor and separator. Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia lamblia cysts are used for the characterization of the device. Preliminary results of cell culture on surfaces functionalized at scale of hundreds of microns allow to consider the development of a complete microfluidic platform for infectivity analysis of pathogenic agent such as Cryptosporidium
Comportement thermo-visco-élastique des composites CMO - De la statique à la dynamique grande vitesse by Julien Berthe( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Organic matrix composite materials are more and more used in the transportation industry to design strutural components. In order to reach an optimal design, improvements in the understanding and the modelling of the behaviour of these materials under various strain rates and temperatures conditions are required.Therefore, a campaign of various mechanical tests has been performed on the T700GC/M21 organic matrix composite laminate in this work. On one hand, dynamic tests have been performed using hydraulic jacks, as well as creep tests, to characterise the material strain rate dependency. On the other hand, low temperatures and DMA tests have been performed to exhibit the temperature effect.Experimental results have been used to physically justify a bi-spectral visco-elactic model which describes the strain rate dependency of T700GC/M21 on a large range of strain rates. Introducing an Arrhenius like law for the viscous mechanisms, the temperature dependency has also been taken into account. The obtained thermo-visco-elastic model finally describes the behaviour of the T700GC/M21 laminate on a large range of strain rates and temperatures
Diagnostic robuste et estimation de défauts à base de modèle Bond Graph by Youcef Touati( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ce travail de thèse concerne la conception d'un système de diagnostic robuste à base de modèle bond graph et a pour objectif principal de générer des seuils robustes aux incertitudes de mesures mais aussi la génération systématiques des équations d'estimation de défauts. Une procédure de génération des seuils basée sur une représentation graphiques des incertitudes de mesure a été développée et implémentée sur un système réel. La représentation bond graph sous forme LFT (transformation linéaire fractionnelle) a été exploitée pour la génération des équations d'estimation de défauts qui sont utilisées pour l'amélioration de la décision concernant l'isolabilité de défauts ayant la même signature de pannes ainsi à l'analyse de la sensibilité des résidus aux défauts capteurs, actionneurs et aux défauts liés aux paramètres. Les algorithmes développés dans ce travail de thèse ont été validés par une implémentation sur un système mécatronique représentant un robot mobile, appelé : Robotino
Lambda-modules and holomorphic Lie algebroids by Pietro Tortella( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The thesis is concerned with the consturction and the sudy of moduli spaces of holomorphic Lie algebroid connections. It provides a classification of sheaves of almost polynomials filtered algebras on a smooth projective complex variety in terms of holomorphic Lie algebroids and their cohomology classes. This permits to build moduli spaces of holomorphic Lie agebroid connections via Simpson's formalism of Lambda-modules. Furthermore, the deformation theory of such connections is suried, and the germ of their moduli spaces in the rank two case is computed when the base variety is a curve
Commande et supervision énergétique d'un générateur hybride actif éolien incluant du stockage sous forme d'hydrogène et des super-condensateurs pour l'intégration dans le système électrique d'un micro réseau by Tao Zhou( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A hybrid power system is studied in this thesis for the distributed generation based on renewable energy resources and energy storage systems in microgrid applications. It consists of a wind generator as primary energy source, super-capacitors as fast-dynamic storage system, fuel cells and electrolyzers as long-term storage system in hydrogen. They are all connected to a common DC bus and an inverter is used for the connection of the whole system to the grid. In this thesis, we have presented the system modeling, the control design including the power balancing and energy management strategies. This hybrid power system can finally supply controllable smooth powers as most conventional power plants. The performances have been tested in numerical simulations and also on an experimental test bench. As result, it is able to provide ancillary services to the microgrid. The main scientific contributions of this thesis are: the use and the adaptation of the graphical tools for the modeling of complex systems and their design; the design and the experimental implementation of real-time emulators in order to reduce the time and the cost of an experimental platform; the proposition and the validation of two power balancing strategies for the DC-bus voltage regulation and the grid power control and finally the proposition of energy management strategies for the active wind generator to ensure the energy availability
Conception et réalisation d'un système de gestion de véhicules partagés : de la multimodalité vers la co-modalité by Karama Jeribi( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

De nos jours, l'intérêt porté à la préservation de l'environnement à travers la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre prend de plus en plus d'ampleur. Depuis 2006,la politique multimodale a évolué vers une politique co-modale qui n'oppose plus la voiture au transport public mais encourage une combinaison de tous les modes de transport sans favorisation dans le but d'une optimisation du service. Placés dans ce cadre, le but de cette thèse est de mettre en œuvre un système de gestion de véhicules partagés qui recouvre tous les services de transports existants tel que le transport public, le covoiturage, les véhicules en libre service et qui capable de satisfaire les demandes des utilisateurs en leur fournissant des itinéraires co-modaux optimisés en terme de temps, coût et émission des gaz à effet de serre tout en respectant leurs préférences et priorités. En recevant plusieurs requêtes simultanées en un court laps de temps, le système doit être capable à la fois de décomposer les solutions en tronçons que nous appelons Routes, en respectant toutes les similarités entre les différentes demandes et de regrouper les informations de manière cohérente pour déterminer les combinaisons de Routes possibles. Vu l'aspect dynamique et distribué du problème, une stratégie de résolution efficace mettant à profit une mixture de concepts ; à savoir les systèmes multi-agents et l'optimisation a été mise en place. Les résultats expérimentaux présentés dans cette thèse justifient l'importance de la co-modalité et la nécessité de mettre à profit la complémentarité entre les véhicules partagés et les autres moyens de transport à travers un système intelligent et global
Caractérisation non linéaire des composants silicium jusque 220 GHz by Alexandre Pottrain( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

De nombreuses applications ont émergées ses dernières années pour les gammes de fréquences millimétriques (le radar, l'imagerie, les communications inter-satellitaire ou à faible distance/haut débits,...). Pour ce type d'applications, le silicium est longtemps resté en retrait, du fait de ses performances limitées par rapport aux composants III-V. Dans le contexte du projet Européen DotFive, plusieurs entreprises et laboratoires (STMicroelectronics, Infineon, IMEC, IHP, Dresden University,....) ont pour ambition la production de composants en technologie silicium proposant des fréquences maximales supérieures à 0.5 THz d'ici à 2013. Dans ce contexte STMicroelectronics a récemment publié des résultats sur des composants montrant une fréquence FMAX> 400 GHz, l'état de l'art se situant aujourd'hui à 0.5 THz (toujours dans le contexte du projet DotFive). Le silicium semble donc aujourd'hui en bonne voie pour rattraper son retard et répondre aux besoins pour les applications millimétriques. L'intérêt du Silicium étant principalement de pouvoir proposer des applications grand public, bas coût et de pouvoir intégrer les fonctions digitales et RF sur une même puce. Toutefois, les performances de cette technologie, notamment dans le domaine du non linéaire sont peu connue en gamme millimétrique. Pour pouvoir étudier ces performances, il est nécessaire d'avoir les bancs de mesures en gamme millimétrique
Context as a resource : a service-oriented approach for context-awareness by Daniel Francisco Romero Acero( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The advent of smarthpones and the availability of services in ubiquitous environments enable the design and development of applications that are able to adapt seamlessly to the current environment state. Nevertheless, such adaptations require the integration of information regarding heterogeneity in terms of devices, execution platforms, and communication protocols as well the mobility of applications so that the different responsibilities of the adaptation can be distributed. In order to face these issues, and considering the limitations of existing solutions, we provide two major contributions in this dissertation: (1) SPACES, a middleware approach to integrate context information and (2) Ubiquitous Feedback Control Loops (Ubiquitous FCLs), as an approach to adapt context-aware applications. We validate our proposal with three case studies: (1) a Caching or Off-Loading situation, where the application behavior is modified at runtime, (2) TRACK.ME, a platform for supporting tracking-based scientific experimentations and (3) DIGIHOME, a smarthome platform. These scenarios demonstrate the suitability of our approach when different kinds of devices, protocols and implementation technologies are involved in the adaptation process
On the pertinence of a numerical transmission model for neural information by Zoran Tiganj( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this thesis we bring together advanced mathematical tools and signalprocessing methods to address three very important problems in neuroscience:neural action potential (spike) detection, neural spike sorting and directlyneural coding. Starting from extracellular neural recordings, we first address the question of spike detection. The spike time occurrences appear (as irregularities) explicitly inthe distributional derivatives of the neural signal. The problem is seen as a change point detection problem. Using operational calculus, which provides a convenient framework to handle such distributional derivatives, we characterize the time occurrence of a spike by an explicit formula. After spike detection we address the spike sorting problem. We developed a simple algorithm for a case when multi-channel recordings are available. The algorithm uses an iterative application of ICA and a deflation technique in two nested loops. In each iteration of the external loop, the spiking activity of one neuron is singled out and then deflated from the recordings. The internal loop implements a sequence of ICA and spike detection for removing the noise and all the spikes that are not coming from the targeted neuron. Finally, we discuss on properties of the neural code. We investigate whether the nature of the neural code is discrete or continuous. Moreover, if it is discrete, whether the elements of the code are drawn from a finitealphabet. We particularly address pulse-position coding scheme, making alink between communication theory and neural code
Application de techniques d'apprentissage pour la détection et la reconnaissance d'individus by Lyes Hamoudi( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We present in this thesis an appearance-based person recognition approach. The goal is to provide a processing bloc that can be integrated to a global surveillance system for behaviour analysis. Contrary to biometric recognition methods as face recognition or gait recognition, our goal here is to distinguish between people using their “appearance model”, instead of associating one label to each individual. Besides, contrary to the existing methods, the “appearance model” we construct comes from the separated modelling of the upper and lower body parts of each individual to recognize. So, we developed a classification strategy (based on one-class SVM technique) that allows to carry out two operations. We call the first operation “classes fusion” and which consists in detecting upstream (i.e. during the learning phase) the similar clothes classes and in gathering them into one class. This procedure is used to avoid confusions between classes during the recognition phase. The second operation consists in an “on line learning” which allows the system, during the recognition phase, to recognize that the individual present in the scene is “new” (i.e. who has not been learnt), and to add him to the learning base
Croissance épitaxiale d'hétérostructures antimoniées sur substrats fortement désadaptés en maille pour applications aux transistors à effet de champ by Salim El Kazzi( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Low power consumption transistors operating at low supply voltage are highly required for both high frequency autonomous communicating systems and CMOS technology. Since the performances of silicon-based devices are strongly degraded upon low voltage operation, low bandgap III-V semiconductors are now considered as alternative active materials. Among them, one of the best candidates is InAs. Therefore, the present work aims on paving the way to the use of InAs in transistor channels for both high-speed analog and digital applications. We particularly investigate the molecular beam epitaxy growth of InAs/AlSb heterostructures on both (001) GaAs and GaP via an antimonide metamorphic buffer layer. Using atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and reflection high energy electron diffraction, we first show the critical influence of the growth conditions on the III-Sb nucleation. From this study, we then achieve optimized high mobility InAs layers on these two highly mismatched substrates. The results obtained in the GaP case are extended to commercially available high quality GaP/Si platforms for the integration of InAs-based materials on an exactly oriented (001) Si substrate. State of the art mobility of 28 000 cm-2.V-1.s-1 at 300K and higher than 100 000 cm-2.V-1.s-1 at 77K are demonstrated
Supervision d'une ferme éolienne pour son intégration dans la gestion d'un réseau électrique, Apports des convertisseurs multi niveaux au réglage des éoliennes à base de machine asynchrone à double alimentation by Tarak Ghennam( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This research work deals with two topics conditioning the large scale development of wind turbines into electrical grids. The first is devoted to the development of new algorithms for the control of Doubly Fed Induction Machine (DFIM) based wind energy conversion systems. Two direct current control strategies have been proposed and are based on the hysteresis square areas (HZCA) and hysteresis circular areas (HZCI). Both strategies apply an appropriate voltage vector to control the active and reactive powers delivered to the grid, and also, to balance the voltages of the inner DC bus converter. Simulation and experimental results show that the HZCI strategy is better than HZCA in terms of output voltage waveforms and harmonic contain.The second topic is dedicated to the active and reactive powers supervision in a wind farm in order to supply prescribed power references from the grid operator. This supervision is ensured by a centralized algorithm that distributes power references between wind turbines in a proportional way. These references are calculated according to the maximum production capacity of wind turbines. An analysis of the power flow in the DFIM based wind energy system has been made to identify the (P, Q) characteristic and to calculate limits in terms of reactive power compensation. The local power management of each wind system has been developed allowing the powers distribution between the stator of the DFIM and the grid side converter by considering several operating modes of the wind generator
Vers un suivi en temps réel de la position de la tête et du visage by Haibo Wang( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Monocular 3D head tracking is a core technique for designing intelligent interfaces. Over the last decade, the objective that tracks long-term persistent poses in ever-changing environments remains a challenging problem. In this thesis, we investigate this problem by presenting two alternative frameworks and exploit its potential applications in computer-human interactions. The first framework is a robust implementation of the conventionally differential tracking approach along with a 3D ellipsoid for geometric reasoning. It recursively estimates head poses from prior prediction and dynamically updates its template. These attributes make it robust to ever observation changes and lead to smooth estimations. However, they also bring two severe problems that target movement is limited to be small and template drifting happens from time to time, which together make long-term tracking with a camera impossible.To avoid these crucial limits, the second part of this thesis turns to a novel tracking by detection approach. The novelty of our approach is to joint modeling, learning and tracking in a unified system. The pose tracking is realized by matching online features with the offline learned multi-view feature classes while the learning depends on face texture synthesis, stable class detection and multiview selection that are executed within a simple head modeling system. Extensive experiments witnesses the disappearance of model drifting as well as the success of tracking natural head movements. To further enhance the performances, we also integrate opticalflow correspondences to enforce temporal consistency during tracking by detection and incorporate color prior to clarify possible outlier features in a discriminative way.In the last part of this thesis, we present two applications of the proposed 3D head tracking system. The first is to estimate eye gaze in the presence of natural head rotations. The second is to transfer facial expressions from human being to an online avatar
Co-Design de l'application H264 et implantation sur un NoC-GALS by Majdi Elhajji( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The study of Networks on Chips (NoCs) is a research field that primarily addresses the global communication in Systems-on-Chip (SoCs). The selected topology and the routing algorithm play a prime role during the design of NoC architectures.The modeling of repetitive structures such as network on chip topologies in graphics forms poses a particular challenge. This aspect may be encountered in intensive data/control oriented applications such as H.264 video coder. Model driven engineering is a software development methodology where the complete system is modeled at a high abstraction level using a modeling language as UML/MARTE. The UML profile for Modeling and Analysis of Real-Time Embedded systems (MARTE) is the current standard for the SoCs modeling. This thesis describes an adequate methodology for modeling NoCs by using the MARTE standard profile. The proposed study has shown that the Repetitive Structure Modeling (RSM) package of MARTE profile is powerful enough for modeling different topologies. By using this methodology, several aspects such as routing algorithm are modeled based finite state machines. This allows to the MARTE profile to be complete enough for modeling a large number of NoCs architectures. Some work is on-going to synthesize such networks in VHDL from such models. While validating the proposed methodology, a co-design approach has been studied by mapping a H264 video coding system onto a Diagonal Mesh NoC by using the Y Chart of Gaspard2 tool. Before allowing the association of the application/architecture, an architectural optimization targeting power minimization of the most critical module of the application has been performed. So, a flexible VLSI architecture for full-search VBSME (FSVBSME) has been proposed
 
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Alternative Names
École centrale de Lille. École doctorale Sciences pour l'Ingénieur

École doctorale SPI (Lille)

ED 072 (Lille)

ED 72 (Lille)

ED Sciences pour l'ingénieur (Lille)

ED SPI (Lille)

ED072 (Lille)

ED72 (Lille)

Institut Mines-Télécom Lille Douai

Sciences pour l'Ingénieur (Lille)

Université Charles de Gaulle (Lille). École doctorale Sciences pour l'ingénieur

Université d'Artois. École doctorale Sciences pour l'ingénieur

Université du Littoral-Côte d'Opale. École doctorale Sciences pour l'ingénieur

Université Lille 1. École doctorale Sciences pour l'ingénieur (Lille)

Université Lille 1 - Sciences et Technologies. École doctorale Sciences pour l'Ingénieur

Université Lille Nord-de-France. École doctorale Sciences pour l'Ingénieur (Lille)

Université polytechnique Hauts-de-France. École doctorale Sciences pour l'ingénieur

Languages
French (23)

English (15)