WorldCat Identities

École doctorale Sciences sociales (Lyon)

Works: 500 works in 536 publications in 2 languages and 554 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Other, Degree grantor, 996
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by École doctorale Sciences sociales (Lyon)
La fabrique matérielle et symbolique de la ville : le cas de Villeurbanne de 1900 à 1950 by Boris de Rogalski Landrot( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

My thesis, entitled “The material and symbolic urban fabric : the case of the city of Villeurbanne from 1900 to 1950” aims to analyse the mechanisms of urban fabric in order to highlight the role of political actors and the influence of urban experiences that lie outside of the municipality, thanks to which urban projects have been developed and spread in order to adapt Villeurbanne to an urban model. The late nineteenth century was a period of identity tensions in Villeurbanne in reaction to the project of annexation of the city by his powerful neighbour, Lyon. Municipal Council spread identity discourses in order to distinguish Villeurbanne and Lyon, and to mobilise inhabitants and convince politicians to reject the annexation. Jules Grandclément, socialist mayor from 1908 to 1922, rationalized the municipal management and introduced innovations to reform the city befor 1914. World War I disrupted the municipal level, but stimulated municipal intervention in urban planification. During the preparation of urban plan, municipal councillors represented Villeurbanne, not as a simple suburb, but as a city, and they organized exchanges of urban kowledges with other municipalities and especially with municipal experts of Lyon. Mayor Lazare Goujon (1924-1935) was directly related to the continuity of the initiatives of his predecessor. He innovated by introducing an ambitious urban policy that modified the urban morphology giving to Vileurbanne its urban attributes. The audience of urban transformations was such that Villeurbanne was represented as an example of modern city during the 1930s. Upon arrival at the head of the municipality in 1935, the Communists denounced the expensive urban policy of its predecessor, and they implemented a local policy in the context of the Popular Front. The political color of the municipality during the inter-war period was erased during the World War II in favor of the ideology of the Petain's government. The real estate market slowed since the 1930s and stopped during World War II, but was reactivated by the State housing policy in 1950s. This State intervention in the field of urban planning expertise created conflicts but mostly generated a gap between the material and symbolic fabric of the city at the local level
Réseaux de villes et recompositions interterritoriales dans l'espace baltique by Nicolas Escach( )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Baltic Sea area is often quoted as the archetype of a transnational space achieved through networks. Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, local and European stakeholders have frequently relied on the fantasized history of the Hanseatic League, a mediaeval association of merchants created in the 12th century, in order to foster the idea of a unified region. Rather than a desire to bring together territories that are essentially rivals, the existence of numerous Baltic forums suggests the difficulty local stakeholders have in adapting to the new dynamics of economic globalization and political Europeanization. Since the 1980s, a period that was characterized by a change in the role of States, city authorities have been able to launch more autonomous international policies and extend the scope of their actions to unprecedented levels, the condition being that the cities in question have a sufficient critical mass and enjoy an attractive location. City networks make up an intermediary space allowing the territories bordering the Baltic Sea to develop strategies within and together with various geographical levels. With its many disparities, the Baltic Sea area exemplifies not one single model of rescaling, but a vast number of inter-territorial strategies and approaches. Beyond classical geopolitics based on inter-state relations, the study of the cities bordering the Baltic Sea leads to the idea that there is a great variety of ways in which they participate in both global and European dynamics that are not linear or monolithic processes
"La tête en capilotade" : les soldats de la Grande Guerre internés dans les hôpitaux psychiatriques français by Marie Derrien( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The primary objective of this thesis is to observe the functioning of a society plunged into war and faced with one of its consequences: the internment of soldiers suffering from mental illness. The aim is to show that we can contribute to the global history of the war by analyzing the experiences of a small group of people within a mental asylum, though their experiences may seem isolated and unrepresentative of the majority. Contrary to the implications of the purely medical literature, it was not in fact the psychiatrists alone who had an interest in the situation of these men: investigation of various kinds of archive shows that their families, fellow soldiers, senior officers, the representatives of the armed forces and the government at national, regional and local level, as well as asylum directors and their staff, reacted, intervened and took decisions concerning them. Between 1914 and 1918, and subsequently until the passing of the last interned 'poilus', the case of soldiers victims of mental illness raises issues of psychological, military, political, economic and cultural nature which transcend their individual particularities. Furthermore, these men's histories and their voices reveal a long-overlooked dimension of the violence of war and the suffering endured by the soldiers both before and after the armistice. By examining the way in which their conditions were regarded, not only by doctors but by society as a whole, we come to ask ourselves to what extent conflict affects the way in which those who were categorized as mentally ill were perceived. Therefore the second objective of this thesis is to reflect on the role of war in transforming social intervention measures, thereby evaluating the effect of the 1914-1918 period on the evolution of psychiatric assistance during the 20th century
O imperio do quinto Afonso de Portugal (1448-1481) by Mariana Sales( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in Portuguese and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study analyses de imperial aspects of the politics of D. Afonso V, king of Portugal (1448-1481). The first part of the work is composed by the dilatation of the juridical notion of imperium, concerning the atlantics and africans Portuguese possessions. The second part studies how the historian of the king, Zurara, presented Portugal as an heir of the Roman and Visigoth empires and how the notion of elected kingdom, that carries a strong sense of universal monarchy, made part of the fundamental political ideals that sustained the expansion in Africa and at the Atlantic islands.At the last part, we present the imperial intents of the king through the study of his external politic with the Holy Empire and the Crown of Castile. The marriage of the sister's king, Leonor, with the emperor Frederick II, Habsburg, is the first aspect analysed. The silence about this union gave us means to understand why the ideal of Empire of the Portuguese king was very different of the roman germanic reference. Finally, we study the war between Portugal and Castile, against Isabel, future Catholic queen, during the period 1475 and 1479. The king of Portugal tried to assume the government of the Crown, by marrying Jane, princess and heir of the Castile. Also, the plains signed between Louis XI, king of France and Afonso V, in 1475, shows that the portuguese king and French king intended to prepare a war agains Aragon and share their territories. The politic of Afonso inside Iberia explicated his aim of “re-unify” the hole peninsula under his control
La klimax dans l'art antique by David Matthey( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work finds its origin in the study of a funerary relief exposed today at the Archaeological Museum of Apollonia in Illyria, under the inventory number 5030. The relief, exceptional in more than one way, shows a descent into the Underworld through an accessory that is both a ladder and a staircase as a gangway, as it ends up in Charon's boat. How to call it ? This is the greek word klimax who's imposed. Not only because it refers indistinctly to the three items mentioned above, preserving their polyvalence, but it is also the most widely and longest used in the literature and epigraphy to designate them. In our survey, it soon emerged that the klimax had not been studied for itself by archaeologists who confronted themselves there. To fill this gap, our work focuses first on the klimax in the ancient art, mainly through mythological context. Klimakes of assault, klimakes of boarding and landing, klimakes in relation with the ancient theater, form as many examined topics where the klimax plays a key role. A detailed study of the relief of Apollonia, which focuses on his iconography's problems, completes the survey. That was justified not only by the particular place which occupies, in the ancient imagery, the sculpted scene, but also, and especially, because the klimax find here an exemplary use
Nymphes exotiques, indigènes victimes ou créatures vulgaires. Images des femmes grande-colombiennes d'après les voyageurs du XIXe siècle. by Monica Merchan Sierra( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this thesis is to fill in certain gaps in the iconographic treatment of South American women. Due to the lack of art schools and printing workshops in Gran Colombia through the first half of the nineteenth century, images in general are rare. The existing works are portraits of such extraordinary women as saints or wives of important officials, thus representatives of a wealthy Creole minority. Local artists tended to choose as subjects prominent men, notably the heroes of the young Republics. By contrast, the daily lives of most women, whether Indian, Métis, Black or even Creole, were rarely featured. In addition, like New Granada, Gran Colombia suffered from a relative lack of attractiveness. In the imagination of European travelers this region never represented the legendary wealth of Viceroyalties like Peru or New Spain (Mexico). It was only at the dawn of the nineteenth century that this equatorial zone attracted significant interest due in large part to the great scientific exploration of Humboldt and Bonpland. Thanks to their many publications, a large number of French travelers decided to follow their footsteps. Among them, a small group wrote and published illustrated volumes. Their engravings and lithographs provide the material needed to restore at least partially the lack of female images. To this point such iconography has not generated in-depth historical study, since it has long been considered merely ornamental and secondary to the text. This thesis proposes to demonstrate the contrary by focusing upon the sizeable role of this iconography, its symbolic power and its contribution to the discourse then characteristic of travel literature. Based upon specific observations or drawn purely from imagination, these pictorial and literary descriptions enable the identification of the principal stereotypes developed to characterize Gran Colombian women, despite the fact of their rich cultural multiplicity
L'Eglise et l'argent dans les lettres de François de Sales et de Jeanne Frémyot de Chantal by Michel Bauer( )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the the survey of 4960 surviving letters (after voluntary or involuntary destructions), I only deal with materialia avoiding spiritualia. First, I find the fund raising necessary for the (re)conquest and the management of a part of a diocese, and then, the quest for money and real estate in order to launch and then develop a monastic order, Visitation.Political and social restrictions frame the fund raising and the optimization of the investments, taking in account the circumstances (wars, plagues, famines). Consequently we study their implementation of the financial virtues (poverty, charity, labour). Their financial aims can only be obtained with the help of non-ecclesiastical and ecclesiastical networks, mainly in the upper society. The competition is harsh inside the roman church (prelates, monastic orders, Rome) as well as in the world (princes, nobility, local councils); thus they engage in many lawsuits, in contradiction with their other own writings. The complexity of their enterprises prompts them to build a resources management (finance, real estate, human resources), foreshadowing the one of contemporary organizations.The follow-up of details, as well in the fields of investment rate, as for producing pieces of furniture or books, as for selecting buildings or managers, all this detailed behaviour fits with the one of a modern top-manager, who shall finance his many activities. Finally, the Roman Catholic Church could be considered as a root of modern capitalism, in an other dimension than the one developed by Max Weber for Protestantism.On the other hand, those ceaseless limitations could lead them to forget their ultimate goals
Espace urbain et danses contemporaines : usages de l'espace et espaces des usages by Hélène Brunaux( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation focuses on event-driven and performance, choreographic interventions; such interventions could either be created by cultural institutions or rise from self-organized activities occurring in public space. The main purpose of this work is to identify new spatial practices which have developed since the 80s in France, and how they are part of a gradual change in the broad spectrum of practices. Indeed, as art arrangements grew to become more and more spatially opened, new and unusual sociability forms appeared. These new forms fuelled the intrinsic dynamic of these new arrangements, leading them to be labelled as " in-between spaces ". It is thus revealed how actors' engagements are pluralized through the overlapping of different social worlds. These crossings between worlds add a great complexity to identity recognition processes in the dance world. New social, economic and corporeal practices appear at the interface of more legitimate spaces. However, by analyzing the careers from the different forms of socialization also leads to distinguishing between several types of collective actors which develop differentiated conceptions of territoriality. In this way, the competencies developed by certain dancers, choreographers and cultural intermediaries working in situ, are more (than others) the result of a real capitalization of spatial experiences which are invigorated by the embedment of different social worlds. These actors will then blur the limits of the dance job market, because their competencies will reflect professional socialisation and their engagements in different social networks in the world of dance
Les écrivains dominés du jeu littéraire : définition de l'espace d'investissement et rapports aux enjeux littéraires by Géraldine Bois( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Notre recherche porte sur des écrivains très peu reconnus de Rhône-Alpes (i.e. publiés chez de petits éditeurs régionaux sans légitimité littéraire, à compte d'auteur ou en autoédition). Elle s'attache à décrire et à expliquer leur investissement dans les différentes dimensions de l'activité littéraire (l'écriture, la publication, les activités publiques, etc.). Elle repose principalement sur une enquête par questionnaires auprès de 503 écrivains, répartis en plusieurs degrés de reconnaissance (les « très peu reconnus » forment une sous-population de 163 enquêtés), et sur des entretiens approfondis avec 31 auteurs très peu reconnus. À partir de l'objectivation de leurs modes d'existence littéraire (lieux d'édition et de visibilité, genres publiés, etc.), de leurs ressources extra-littéraires (position et origines sociales, niveau de diplôme, etc.), et de leurs niveaux de compétences et d'ambitions littéraires, notre analyse montre dans un premier temps que ces auteurs ne sont pas des « amateurs » évoluant dans un espace différent de celui des « professionnels », mais des membres dominés du jeu littéraire, au même titre (mais pas au même niveau) que les écrivains reconnus. Elle s'intéresse ensuite à la pluralité des degrés et des formes de leurs investissements dans cinq types d'enjeux littéraires différents, et elle met au jour des variations intra-individuelles en fonction des types d'enjeux considérés. Parce que l'engagement des enquêtés révèle des degrés de reconnaissance et de connaissance des manières légitimes de jouer au jeu littéraire, notre travail est aussi l'occasion d'une réflexion sur les rapports que des acteurs dominés entretiennent à la domination
La disparition sur la scène sociale argentine : modalités de résistance à l'impunité by Alice Verstraeten( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From 1976 to 1983 the military dictatorship in Argentina engineered the “disappearance” of an estimated thirty thousand people. Its aim was not merely to put people to death but to eradicate all forms of diversity and every trace of resistance in the living.By sketching the reign of terror and by proposing an anthropological analysis of the different possible forms of resistance, this thesis confronts the research to effacement, dismemberment and then to the possibilities of reconstruction. It is an explorative and involved research by the side of survivors who succeeded in reconstruct sense and social relationships and have thus contributed to a political renaissance. Their testimonies - with those of the “Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo” as a heart - are resisting to what is unspeakable, impossible to see and to portray: they are based on words, on bodies and on images. A network, whose utopian motto was “memory, truth and justice”, gradually emerged to fight against the concealment of every trace of evidence of the “disappeared”. Its members developed a form of indicative paradigm which serves as a constant reminder to the anthropologist of the importance of details and minor connections.If we see society as theatre we may understand the different ways the forced disappearance was staged, which illustrate the crucial importance of the links between the intimate and the collective in social reconstruction.The resistance network is still constantly subject to revisionist suspicion, because democratic governments have maintained the social representations which made this political extermination possible. Resistance has to bee constantly re-invented. The questions this movement raises are, for their part, still a burning issue
Vers une politique globale de l'enfance : naissance d'une association, l'ARSEA de Lyon, 1935-1950 by François Boursier( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse a pour objet d'étudier la création à Lyon de l'association « La Sauvegarde de l'enfance » sous le régime de Vichy. L'étude de cet « objet » a nécessité de désenclaver la période, afin de mettre davantage en évidence le rôle majeur des années de l'Entre-deux guerres dans l'élaboration d'un dispositif de prise en charge de l'enfance irrégulière et endanger moral. Et par conséquent d'inscrire cette étude dans la double continuité : années 30/Vichy, Vichy/Reconstruction. Ce temps étudié, met en évidence le rôle central que va jouer, tout au long des années 1935-1949, la neuropsychiatrie infantile dans l'élaboration du dispositif de prise en charge de l'enfance. Cela dans un contexte de forte médicalisation desquestions sociales. Au travers de cet objet historique, « La Sauvegarde de l'enfance », nous avons pu étudier au plus près la construction d'un rapport complexe entre l'Etat en pleine affirmation de son autorité, de renforcement de ses pouvoirs et l'Association comme expression de la société civile. Ce rapport complexe, fait de tensions, d'injonctions, et de reconnaissance mutuelle, s'inscrit dans une tradition élaborée dans le dernier tiers du XIXe siècle qui est celle du « concordat social », de la nécessité d'un compromis qui produit ce que Pierre Rosanvallon nomme « le jacobinisme amendé ». La Sauvegarde de l'enfance à Lyon, sera, entre 1943 et 1949, l'expression de cet amendement du jacobinisme. Cette étude a enfin permis de montrer, dans un contexte historique singulier, le rôle important des acteurs individuels ou collectifs, acteurs qui le plus souvent s'inscrivent au sein de réseaux et qui élaborent des stratégies. Ainsi au coeur de l'Occupation allemande, sous l'Etat Français de Vichy dans sa période la plus noire, des acteurs associatifs et politiques se donnent des marges de manoeuvres, négocient. Cette France au plus près du terrain a pu exprimer et réaliser ses vues, du moins les négocier, grâce à un contexte qui, paradoxalement, ne faisait pas de la protection de l'enfance une priorité de l'Etat. C'est là, au cours de cette séquence historique majeure, que les politiques de protection de l'enfance entrent dans un âge nouveau, que s'élabore un dispositif : fait d'un discours, d'une législation, d'institutions, de professionnels notamment
Travail et société dans l'Égypte du IIIe millénaire : enseignements du système hiéroglyphique by Christelle Desbordes( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La graphie des signes hiéroglyphiques représentant des travailleurs est analysée, puis confrontée aux sources iconographiques et à la sculpture, pour comprendre la façon dont le système d'écriture interprète la notion de travail et cerner ce que l'élite souhaite voir se pérenniser dans l'imagerie. S'ajoute à ces données graphiques une approche lexicographique des termes liés au travail. Une mise en perspective de nos conclusions, par l'apport de sources historiques et sociologiques variées, contribue enfin à forger une appréciation plus juste de la façon dont l'organisation professionnelle est perçue sous l'Ancien Empire, et dont l'élite lettrée se confronte au contexte professionnel. Notre analyse a tout d'abord permis de définir les procédés utilisés pour transcrire le travailleur dans l'écriture et dans l'ensemble de l'imagerie d'Ancien Empire. Les critères intervenant dans la composition de l'image du travailleur, que ce soit dans son apparence, son rapport à l'action ou sa relation à la technique, sont ainsi définis. La relation du lexique au thème du travail est aussi abordée. L'ensemble des données récoltées sert ensuite à définir la perception du travail à cette époque. Le travail est ainsi considéré comme un acte social, et le travailleur, lié à une collectivité solide, apparaît intégré au cœur d'un système hiérarchique complexe. Le travail est aussi perçu comme un acte de peine, exercé par une population modeste dépendante d'une autorité dirigeante et entièrement investie dans la charge qui lui incombe. Le travail apparaît enfin comme un acte de production, dans lequel l'homme, technicien et producteur, constitue un chaînon essentiel dans le processus de transformation de la matière, et garantit la prospérité du pays et le bien-être de son élite
Les acteurs du Crédit Agricole de la Côte-d' Or (1896-1975) by Jean Guillemin( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ce travail porte sur la vie du Crédit agricole de la Côte-d'Or depuis la création de sa première caisse locale, en 1896, jusqu'en 1975. Durant cette période, l'organisme dédié au financement de l'agriculture, cantonal puis départemental, est devenu progressivement un établissement pratiquement ouvert à toutes les activités et tous les déposants, représentant un tiers du marché bancaire de la Côte-d'Or. Après avoir défini le cadre mutualiste bien particulier dans lequel agissent les caisses, cette étude cherche à comprendre comment il est respecté durant huit décennies. Les évènements sont multiples : guerres, crises économiques, modernisation de l'agriculture, retrait des aides de l'Etat et besoin de collecte, extension du champ de compétence, croissance et augmentation de la taille des établissements, traitements de masse et large ouverture en dehors de l'agriculture. Progressivement, les groupes d'acteurs changent et se multiplient : sociétaires agriculteurs, sociétaires ruraux, déposants, administrateurs, élus locaux, Etat, personnel, cadres dirigeants. Il convient donc de saisir, dans les principales étapes de cette évolution, la manière dont ces acteurs, de plus en plus nombreux, adaptent la banque mutualiste à des contextes toujours changeants
Les tombes royales et les tombes de prestige en Mésopotamie et en Syrie du Nord au Bronze Ancien by Catherine Marie Lazzarini( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The royal tombs and the tombs of prestige are specific of a group detaining a regional power or local power. We have identified archaeological traits in the Syrian and Mesopotamian Early Bronze Age context which could distinguish the prestige tombs from the others. These formal features are the monumental architecture, the specific location of the prestige tombs and the group of graves associated, and the grave goods. The wealth of the deposition and the structure are characteristics of the prestige tombs and it constitutes complex signs integrated in an ideological discourse. Thus, an anthropological perspective has been essential to appreciate the social implication of the elite funerary practices. As others main events in the society, funerary practices of prestige are rituals and social practices which play a role in the representation of the elite power and in the structure of the society. The royal tombs and the tombs of prestige are social instruments of ideological manipulation; the funerary practices are integrated in social discourse through rituals in order to reproduce and maintain social structure and justify the elite power
Vie quotidienne, vie communautaire et symbolique a Tell 'Abr 3, Syrie du nord : données nouvelles et nouvelles réflexions sur l'horizon PPNA au nord du levant 10000-9000 BP by Thaer Yartah( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Tell 'Abr 3 our subject of study is a Neolithic site of the tenth millennium B.C (Mureybetien, horizon PPNA) which is located on the left bank of the Euphrates in Syrian Jezirah. This site reveals a rich documentation in architecture and symbolic expression. This information and their interpretations were placed back in the more general context of the PPNA in the Northern Levant. They have been the basis of our reflection of PPNA society; the guiding principle was symbolic and daily life.The site of Tell ' Abr 3 has provided six buildings characterize the concept of communal building due to their sizes, their high architectural qualities, their richness in ornamental, and finally the decorated objects and tools founded inside. The objects that are located in these buildings were not by chance and their role is crucial for the functioning of these spaces. Furthermore, the objects found in the form of intentional deposits or abandoned strongly suggest the practice of rituals related to communal and symbolic life to Tell ' Abr 3.Three types of communal buildings have been defined from their morphologies and arrangements. The first, beginning of PPNA, is not subdivided with platform (M1a, M1b, M10b); the second, finale Mureybetien, is divided into cells with platform (M3 and M10b); and the third one, transition PPNA/PPNB, is not subdivided, with ornate slabs (B2). The last two types were already known on other sites in northern Syria while - type 1 - is indeed attested only on our site.The presence of types of identical communal buildings according to our definition (morphological and temporal) over a large geographical area from Mureybet in the South to Göbekli to the North, passing through Jerf el-Ahmar and Dja'de el-Mughara, This distribution reinforces what was known about the uniqueness of the PPNA culture in this area of southern Turkey and Northern Syria. A variety of symbolic themes related to the types of communal buildings were revealed in Tell ' Abr 3. Most frequently, the representations of wild animals. Recurring themes are the bull, the panther, the eagle and snake. Human representations take a strong and important place. The male representations are dominant in buildings of types 1 and 3, while women's representations are dominant in buildings of type 2.When we matched between the functional and symbolic aspects of these three types of buildings, we establish a liaison in symbolic themes that gather between all these sites. But we have to mention that although each community had its own singularity in ritual. All these phenomena lead to a transformation in social lifestyle, in its both sides quotidian and symbolic. This transformation might be the result of the phenomena diffusion during the periods between societies in PPNA
L'exposition postcoloniale : musées et zoos en Afrique de l'Ouest (Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso) by Julien Bondaz( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

West African museums and zoos appear to be « new fieldworks » for anthropological research. They call for the articulation of an historical anthropology and an ethnographic analysis of exhibiting (an ethnomuseology). To study simultaneously such museums and zoos questions both the historical changes (including the postcolonial ones) that the display of objects and living animals is undergoing, and their various uses. It is precisely the ways in which objects and animals are use that give a meaning and a social function to the exhibition. This thorough ethnographic research (led in Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso) also aims at understanding how the relations with the objects and the animals exhibited in the museums and the zoos are primarily of a social nature. Ritual uses of the exhibition are indeed particularly frequent in West Africa, and therefore force us to question in a new way this specific form of relations : the postcolonial exhibition
Novices et noviciats en Lorraine du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle by Jean-Marc Lejuste( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les trois diocèses lorrains Metz, Toul et Verdun, ont vu durant l'époque moderne, une très forte implantation d'ordres religieux. Cette force monastique de la Lorraine, héritée du Moyen-Age et de la protection de la famille ducale, concerne toutes les grandes familles religieuses européennes et a permis l'émergence de réformes (comme celle des bénédictins de Saint-Vanne par exemple) ou encore la création de congrégations qui ont perduré bien au-delà de la Révolution. Il nous a semblé intéressant d'étudier cette permanence monastique lorraine sous l'angle du novice et du noviciat afin de chercher à comprendre s'il existe une spécificité propre à ces territoires. Grâce à une richesse archivistique impressionnante, une base de données de plus de 13 000 novices, tant hommes que femmes, a été établie pour l'ensemble des ordres religieux où sont prononcés des voeux de religion et implantés dans les diocèses lorrains. Ces données ont permis d'ouvrir la réflexion sur la naissance de la vocation, sur les procédures d'admission au sein des réguliers, les rythmes de recrutement et plus globalement, la formation des novices.Ainsi, notre étude se développe sur cinq thèmes suivant à la fois la chronologie du noviciat et ses grandes thématiques. La première porte sur l'apparition de la vocation et les contextes qui permettent ou non son épanouissement. Les impacts familiaux sont très opposés. La famille est, à la fois facteur d'encouragement pouvant aller jusqu'à la vocation forcée dans des contextes précis, et facteur d'opposition, poussant les candidats à chercher des parades pour suivre leur projet de vie. Outre la famille, d'autres acteurs interviennent comme des religieux, des livres ou des événements marquants. Le second thème développe la question de la postulation avec le choix de l'ordre religieux, la sélection des candidats et les premiers enseignements, postulation qui aboutit à la cérémonie de la prise d'habit avec sa symbolique. Le troisième thème est axé sur l'influence de l'argent avec deux problématiques. La première porte sur le coût du noviciat (pension, achats des vêtements, des accessoires nécessaires à l'engagement...) et la seconde sur le profil socio-économique des candidats lorrains avec les différences rencontrées d'un ordre à l'ordre, d'un sexe à l'autre. La quatrième réflexion interroge la géographie des noviciats et les profils du recrutement selon les ordres religieux et les siècles. Enfin, le dernier thème est entièrement consacré à la formation des novices avec leur place au sein de l'institution monastique, les apprentissages selon les sexes et les ordres, les maîtres et maîtresses des novices et les problèmes rencontrés par les novices jusqu'à la cérémonie de la profession qui transforme le novice en religieux.Cette recherche a permis d'établir, entre autres conclusions, que le novice est un personnage continuellement confronté à des choix (entrer ou non en religion, choix de l'ordre, partir ou rester...) marqué par des influences contradictoires de la famille, de l'ordre... C'est un personnage complexe et riche car il permet de comprendre les mécanismes qui régissent le choix volontaire ou non d'une vie consacrée à Dieu. Cette thèse a permis de cerner un profil de recrutement marqué par un XVIe siècle chaotique suivi d'une remontée spectaculaire qui est brutalement interrompue par la guerre de Trente Ans entre 1630 et 1650, avant une lente remontée jusqu'au premier tiers du XVIIIe siècle, suivi d'une stabilisation avant une relative décrue après 1770. Nous avons aussi dégagé une tendance à un recrutement centré sur la Lorraine, révélant un attachement très fort à une nation, pour la plupart des ordres. Les novices en Lorraine sont donc avant tout des lorrains confrontés, dès leur jeunesse, à une présence monastique dense, avec des religieux très impliqués dans l'éducation et dans des réseaux familiaux favorisant le renouvellement des recrues
Les bibliothèques des clercs séculiers du duché de savoie du XVIIIe siècle à 1860 by Michel Collombat( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of the following study is to tackle the notion of knowledge and culture among Savoie's secular clergy, from the 18th century to 1860, when Savoie was annexed by France. The first part focuses on the circulation of clergymen's books. It depicts the way books are used by scholars at the Collège Chappuisien of Annecy, then in seminaries and different universities, as well as for lectures or ecclesiastical retreats. Besides, books are bought, passed on to colleagues and laymen, as one can learn from the very few commonplace books left. One can read in wills how libraries, whose volumes have been inherited or purchased over the years, are , most of the time, subsequently transmitted to relatives that are men of the cloth too, or scattered to the benefit of bishops, vicars or different institutions, which tends to prove the existence of intellectual networks. Books can thus be said to connect the world of the dead to that of the living. The second part shows that they are also at the very heart of intellectual debates, which explains why their circulation was controlled by religious authorities. Books are thus central points of reflection over Protestantism, Jansenism, the Enlightenment, the 1792 revolutionary episode and eventually what is at stake in 19th century modernity. Savoie, as a catholic boarder, appears as some original basis in the maturing process of ideas as well as their circulation between the kingdom of Italy, France and Europe. The third part, based on a corpus of 18th century libraries mostly and 19th century legacies to Chambéry's Grand Séminaire, offers a classification of readers, among whom various types of parish priests, canons and bishops. By confronting the different centers of interest related to theology and profane science, some clerical identities are taking shape, factors of cohesion and signs of intellectual curiosity appear, showing that to the believers, Savoie's secular clergy both keeps and spreads a broader culture and that its members are in no way cut off from the evolutions of their time
Approche paléoenvironnementale de deux sites archéologiques dans le delta du Nil : avaris et la branche Pélusiaque, Taposiris et le lac Mariout by Hervé Tronchère( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We studied two ancient archaeological sites of the Nile delta during this palaeoenvironmental study. These sites were well known from a archaeological point of view, and this knowledge was strengthened by a geoarchaeological approach. We aimed at answering specific questions of the Egyptologists, as well as enhancing the understanding of the palaeolandscape of these sites.The first site is Avaris. Located on the eastern margin of the delta, 60 km away from the modern coastline, this city was the capital of Egypt during the Hyksos period, in the middle of 2nd millennia BC. The settlement's lifespan was however longer than the Hyksos period alone. The history of the city is linked to the history of the Pelusiac branch, a former arm of the Nile, nowadays drained, although modern canals seem to reuse some parts of the ancient branch. The site was studied in a pluridisciplinary fashion, and by using several tools and methods.Several coring campaigns allowed us to understand the anastomosing channels system that make the background of the site. Some of these channels have been dated by optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), as well as by radiocarbon. The results of this dating program, combined with sedimentological analysis made on the Holocene deposits, such as granulometry or morphoscopy, allowed us to reconstruct the history of the Pelusiac branch in the Avaris region, and to link its evolution to the human occupation.Another goal of the study, related to the interaction between man and its environment, was the search for the harbour basins of Avaris, mentioned in ancient archaeological archives. Several techniques had to be combined, since no single tool was able to solve this question by itself. Sedimentological analyses were backed up by geophysical surveys and archaeological findings. This combined approach put the emphasis on a specific area, especially well suited for harbour use. This area presents specificities in its topography, which morphogenesis results from the alteration of Pleistocene layers, in its topology, since it's located in the centre of the city and linked to the two main river channels, and in its sedimentary facieses. Other potential harbour sites were also discovered, but we got less obvious clues for them.The second site is Taposiris. Located at western extremity of the lake Mariout, in the northwestern part of the Nile delta, the Hellenic city of Taposiris is also a harbour site. Sedimentary corings were analyzed in order to compare the various sedimentary deposition environments of the region. Four kinds of environments have been defined. The first one is the lake itself, a so-called natural environment. The other three environments are on the contrary linked to human activities. The harbour basin itself has been studied, as well as the two interface areas between the lake and the basin: the canal linking both of them, and a levy separating themselves from each other. The impact of anthropisation was observed in the harbour deposits. The compared stratigraphy of the natural and anthropised environments presents anomalies that can be traced back to human activities.In order to bring new comprehension elements about the relationship between the city of Taposiris and the lake Mariout, mathematical modelling of the water currents in the lake was undergone, by using both actualist hypothesis and ancient sources. The favourable situation of the harbour of Taposiris as far as navigation and protection against sedimentary accretion was highlighted. This study based itself on a similar modelling we did in the ancient harbour of Rome, Portus. As well as providing answer to precise archaeological questions, this last study also validated this tool as far as navigation and ancient harbour accessibility is concerned.This geoarchaeological study highlights the necessity of a pluridisciplinary approach in this kind of research. The question of which methods to use, and how to use them, was a mainstay of our work. Only a combined approach of the palaeoenvironmental problematic was efficient enough to complete this study
Les enjeux du patrimoine au Liban : Baalbek : quelles échelles pour quels patrimoines ? by Ghada Salem( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pays où se croisent influences occidentale et arabe, le Liban est un laboratoire heuristique pour analyser la question patrimoniale. Son système politique confessionnel, sa société communautaire et sa situation stratégique au Moyen Orient en font un enjeu géopolitique. La construction nationale a approprié le regard orientaliste pour postuler une identité libanaise assise sur des mythes fondateurs ; elle a mobilisé les Libanais autour des valeurs communes de la nation afin de diluer les identités communautaires. La guerre civile a réactualisé ces identités et les communautés se sont emparées de leurs particularismes religieux au profit des acteurs divers qui s'affrontent au Moyen Orient et qui instrumentalisent la carte communautaire libanaise dans leurs confrontations. Le Liban a traversé deux périodes de construction identitaire : nationale et communautaire ; chacune de ces périodes a sécrété un patrimoine particulier. À Baalbek, ville connue par l'Occident à travers les récits des voyageurs, la construction nationale désigne le site archéologique comme patrimoine national. Or, ce site se caractérise par une sédimentation de couches culturelles qui sollicite une lecture patrimoniale différente selon des échelles : alors que le regard occidental y voit des temples romains, la population locale y voit une Qalaa (citadelle) arabe. Entre la romanité et l'arabité du site, l'État libanais a opté pour sa dimension phénicienne qui affirme que les Libanais sont les descendants des Phéniciens. Avec la remontée du pouvoir communautaire chiite dans la ville, un nouvel objet patrimonial émerge : le mausolée de Sit Khawla répond par son référentiel identitaire et la dynamique économique qu'il induit dans la ville, aux aspirations de la population locale recomposée communautairement. Il s'ensuit deux pôles patrimoniaux qui coexistent dans l'espace de Baalbek. Cette bipolarité patrimoniale renvoie à des enjeux, des logiques d'acteurs et des acceptions du patrimoine que cette thèse s'attache à analyser
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Alternative Names
École doctorale 483

École doctorale Sciences sociales (Histoire, géographie, aménagement, architecture, urbanisme, archéologie, science politique, sociologie, anthropologie, ergonomie) (Lyon)

École doctorale ScSo (Lyon)

ED 483


Histoire, géographie, aménagement, urbanisme, archéologie, architecture, sciences politiques, sociologie, anthropologie (Lyon)

Sciences sociales (Histoire, géographie, aménagement, urbanisme, architecture, archéologie, science politique, sociologie, anthropologie) (Lyon)