WorldCat Identities

Cuisinier, Olivier (1976-....).

Overview
Works: 11 works in 15 publications in 2 languages and 17 library holdings
Roles: Thesis advisor, Opponent, Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Olivier Cuisinier
Durabilité d'un limon traité à la chaux et soumis à différentes sollicitations hydrauliques : comportements physico-chimique, microstructural, hydraulique et mécanique by Barbara Le Runigo( )

3 editions published in 2008 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effects of the different hydraulic stresses (i.e. immersion and water circulation) to which lime-treated silty soil can be exposed to when used for the construction of hydraulic earth structures or embankments situated in areas liable to flooding, on the durability of the improvements brought by lime is still uncertain. In this context, the present work aimed at experimentally simulating and assessing the effects of such stresses on the geotechnical properties of a compacted lime-treated silty soil (permeability, mechanical performance). It was established that the maintenance of the mechanical improvements is highly related to the soil permeability: the higher the permeability, the higher and the faster the loss of mechanical performances. The decrease in mechanical performances can be attributed to the partial dissolution of unconsumed lime, but also to the decalcification of the cementitious compounds formed after the addition of lime. The extent of these physico-chemical processes is a function of the soil permeability, a high permeability fastening them in contrast to a low permeability. Finally, a study was conducted on the effect of initial conditions on the soil fabric and permeability so as to determine the initial states to favour in term of durability. It was demonstrated that the addition of low lime contents and that compaction at a low energy can entail, in contrast to the use of high lime contents and compaction on the wet side, a strong permeability. To conclude, high lime contents as well as compaction on the wet side appear as means to maintain at longer term the mechanical performances of lime-treated silty soils exposed to hydraulic stresses
Comportement hydromécanique des sols gonflants compactés by Olivier Cuisinier( Book )

2 editions published between 2002 and 2006 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les sols gonflants compactés sont utilisés dans de nombreuses applications, notamment en géotechnique et en géotechnique de l'environnement. Ces matériaux subissent d'importantes variations de volume en fonction de leur état hydrique, i.e. de leur succion. L'objectif principal du travail présenté ici est d'étudier l'influence de ce paramètre sur le comportement mécanique d'un matériau gonflant compacté dans la gamme des succions comprises entre 0 et 300 MPa. Pour atteindre cet objectif, deux types d'œdomètre à succion contrôlée, soit par la méthode osmotique, soit par la technique des solutions salines saturées, ont été utilisés, les œdomètres à solutions salines ayant entièrement été développés pour ce travail. Le support de l'étude est un matériau gonflant compacté. Les essais réalisés montrent en premier lieu que la pression de préconsolidatlon apparente atteint une valeur constante à partir de 38,5 MPa, dans le domaine des fortes succions. Par contre, la pente de compression plastique varie de manière non monotone en fonction de la succion appliquée. La variation de ces deux paramètres apparaît fortement liée à la structure initiale des éprouvettes. Par la suite, l'influence des sollicitations hydriques complexes a été étudiée, ce qui a permis de montrer que les résultats d'un essai sur un sol gonflant dépendent du chemin de contrainte hydrique même lorsqu'une humidification est réalisée en cours d'essai. L'interprétation de ces résultats dans le cadre des modèles de Barcelone a ensuite été proposée afin d'évaluer les possibilités de chacun des deux modèles existants. Le modèle de Barcelone pour sols gonflants nécessite, en outre, la réalisation d'essais comportant des cycles hydriques et au moins un essai à volume constant et à succion contrôlée. En conclusion, ce travail a permis la mise en œuvre, le développement et la validation de deux dispositifs expérimentaux à succion contrôlée. Ceci a rendu possible la caractérisation du comportement hydromécanique d'un sol gonflant compacté en fonction de différentes sollicitations hydriques
Contribution à l'étude du comportement différé des géomatériaux avec prise en compte des conditions thermo-hydriques by Hugo Troupel( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A better understanding of deferred phenomena affecting geomaterials behaviour is essential to allow a more efficient design of structures. We studied the link between tests used to characterize deferred effects on the mechanical behavior of geomaterials. First, we focused on the influence of the stress load on the stress path of clay in oedometric condition. We carried out different types of tests on saturated drained clay: strain rate tests, creep tests and relaxation tests. Our study shows that the state of axial and radial stresses and thus the earth coefficient at rest do not depend on the strain rate imposed over a wide range of strain rates. The stress path in oedometric condition is therefore, with regard to our experimental results, both a characteristic of the clay and a property of the state of the sample. To study the influence of environmental factors such as temperature and relative humidity on the mechanical behavior of geomaterials, we developed an original experimental device to control the axial stress, temperature and relative humidity of the specimen in oedometric condition. The device was tested on sand and on cellular concrete i isothermal condition. Regarding the sand, a series of oedometer tests by loading steps showed that the index of compression and the index of swelling of the sand does not seem affected by temperature and relative humidity. However, the temperature modifies the hydro-mechanical behavior of the sand. Indeed, at 25 °C, the stress path and thus the earth coefficient at rest of soil does not depend on relative humidity, whereas at 41 °C, the earth coefficient at rest decreases with an increase in relative humidity. Concerning cellular concrete, we have been forced to work in uniaxial condition, it has been shown that the compression index increases with relative humidity regardless of the level of stress applied.Finally, an elasto/visco-plastic model has been implemented to account for time effects on the mechanical behavior of a saturated geomaterial. After discussing the role of each parameter, we have identified parameters to reproduce results of the experimental tests. In addition, after calibrating the model using two CRS tests, we predicted a CRS test at another strain rate in a convincing manner
Caractérisation et quantification des éléments perturbateurs de prise lors du traitement des sols by Tangi Le Borgne( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

To improve soils with poor mechanical properties, it is possible to use a treatment with lime and/or hydraulic binder. But, in some cases, this type of treatment can be totally ineffective. For example, deleterious chemical compounds in the ground can alter the hardening reactions of the binder. However, except in the case of sulphate, there are few studies dealing with the potential influence of other chemical compounds like, for example, agricultural fertilizers. In this context, the aim of this paper is to characterise the effects of chloride, phosphate, nitrate, and sulphate on soil treatment. A suitable soil for stabilisation was mixed with one deleterious compound at a given concentration, similar to its concentration in a soil. The geotechnical and physicochemical parameters were determined, both for the disturbed and the undisturbed soils, allowing the quantification of the influence of each compound taken separately. The action of each supposed deleterious compound was evaluated by determining the swelling, the diametral compression strength, and the unconfined compression strength. These experiments were supplemented by microstructural, mineralogical, and chemical observations. Such evaluation was performed with two soils, a silt and a sand, and two different hydraulic binders. The results showed that fertilizers tend to lower the mechanical characteristics of the silt, but, the soils are still suitable for soil stabilisation. The study do not evidenced any impact of chloride on the mechanical behaviour of the tested soils. The presence of a given chemical compound at a given concentration in the soil is not sufficient enough to determine the suitability of the soil for a treatment
Influence de la chimie sur les propriétés multi-échelles du gonflement d'une bentonite compactée by Luc Massat( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Une étude multi-échelle du gonflement d'une smectite en milieu confiné est proposée par une analyse de la pression de gonflement et de la porosité à différentes échelles (inter-agrégat, inter-particulaire, interfoliaire). Un dispositif spécifique, œdo-tomomètre, est conçu pour assurer le suivi couplé de la pression de gonflement et de la porosité inter-agrégat identifiable par microtomographie de rayon X (taille > 5 µm). D'autres analyses par adsorption de gaz et en microscopie permettent de caractériser la porosité à plus petites échelles. Différents types de fluides sont utilisés pour hydrater les éprouvettes afin de contrôler les composantes cristalline et osmotique du gonflement (solutions de NaCl à différentes forces ioniques et solution de méthacrylate de méthyle (MMA)). Les résultats obtenus en comparant notamment les éprouvettes hydratées par des solutions ioniques de NaCl à celles hydratées par du MMA montrent que l'évolution de la pression de gonflement et la réorganisation de la microstructure (diminution en taille de la porosité inter-agrégat, fractionnement possible des particules) sont intimement liées. Par ailleurs, ces résultats comparés à ceux calculés par des modèles phénoménologiques (BExM par exemple, modèle de Barcelone pour les sols gonflants) sont assez bien corrélés
Hydro-mechanical behavior of claystone-based backfill materials under geo-environmental conditions by Marvin Middelhoff( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the context of the Cigéo-project, the French agency in charge of radioactive waste manage-ment (Andra) studies claystone-based materials as to whether they can be potentially used to backfill shafts and drifts of the future repository for intermediate - and high-level radioactive waste located in the clay-rich Callovo-Oxfordian (COX) sedimentary rock formation at a depth of around 500 m. The installation of backfill in shafts and drifts generally aims to ensure the integrity of the repository system upon its closure. In particular, it is installed to stabilize the geo-logical formation and to limit the propagation of the damaged/ disturbed zone evolving around the excavations. Potential backfill materials must thus sustain the overburden pressure and ex-hibit swelling pressure when they saturate under constant-volume conditions. In addition, the closure of hydraulic conductive voids ensues through the swelling under con-stant-volume con-ditions. Crushed and sieved COX-claystone spoil and its mixtures with MX80-bentonite are po-tential backfill materials as they contain smectite, which typically exhibits such a hydro-mechanical behavior. On account of the fraction of smectite, potential backfill materials and their hydro-mechanical behavior are affected by different geo-environmental conditions. In this laboratory experimental study, it is of general interest to analyze how variations in geo-environmental conditions affect the performance of potential claystone-based backfill materials, in particular their volume change and hydraulic conductivity behavior. Relevant geo-environmental conditions are the fraction of smectite in the materials, the maximum grain di-ameter of the bentonite fraction in the mixture, the as-compacted/ initial dry density, the degree of saturation, the saturating solution chemistry, in particular its pH, and their combinations. Var-iations in the as-compacted/ initial dry density are expected to be of greatest relevance as con-ventional compaction techniques might be employed to compact the backfill material in-situ. The hydro-mechanical behavior of processed COX-claystone spoil and its mixture with MX80-bentonite are analyzed by means of constant-volume swelling pressure, free-swell potential, one-dimensional compression/ oedometer and constant-head hydraulic conductivity experi-ments. Initially, it is evaluated how the fraction of smectite in the materials, the maxi-mum grain diameter of the bentonite fraction, the initial dry density and the saturating solution chemistry affect individually and combined the evolution of the swelling pressure of claystone-based backfill materials. The individual and combined impact of the fraction of smectite in the materi-als as well as of the saturating solution chemistry on the evolution of the hydraulic conductivity are subsequently assessed. In order to analyze the impact of the pH of solutions, the hydraulic conductivity experiments are complemented by microstructural and textural analysis. The vol-ume change behavior of the processed COX-claystone/ MX80-bentonite-mixture are evaluated not only in the saturated but also in the unsaturated state al-lowing to identify possible hydro-mechanical path dependencies. By considering samples compacted to different initial dry densi-ties, it is assessed whether the initial dry density affects possible dependencies of the volume-change behavior on the hydro-mechanical path. Based on the performed investigations, conclu-sions regarding the hydro-mechanical behavior of claystone-based backfill materials are drawn, and suggestions for future studies are made
Temperature impact on the consolidation and creep behaviour of compacted clayey soils by Nidal Jarad( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

La consolidation des sols argileux est un enjeu majeur dans le domaine de la géotechnique pour la conception des ouvrages. Ceci est notamment le cas lorsque les sols argileux peuvent être exposés à des cycles thermiques, comme dans le cas des géostructures géothermiques, dépôts de stockage des déchets nucléaires, stockage de chaleur dans les remblais, etc. Ces changements de température pourraient avoir une incidence sur le comportement de consolidation des sols, tant du point de vue de la consolidation primaire que du fluage. Dans ce contexte, cette étude a examiné l'impact de la température sur le comportement de consolidation et du fluage d'argiles compactées saturées. L'impact de la nature du sol et de son histoire mécanique a été considéré. Une cellule œdométrique à température contrôlée a été utilisée pour effectuer des essais à vitesse de déformation constante (CRS) pour différentes vitesses de déformation (0,002% / min à 0,02% / min) dans une gamme de température comprise entre 5 ° C et 70 ° C. Deux argiles compactées, avec différentes histoires de chargement mécanique, ont été utilisés. Les résultats indiquent que les indices de compression et de gonflement pour les deux matériaux ne sont que légèrement modifiés par une augmentation de la température allant de 5 à 70°C. En revanche, la pression de préconsolidation des deux argiles diminue à mesure que la température augmente, cet effet étant cependant fonction de la nature du sol considéré. Le coefficient de consolidation augmente lorsque la température augmente pour les deux matériaux, ainsi que la conductivité hydraulique. La perméabilité intrinsèque reste stable en fonction de la température. L'indice de fluage augmente lorsque la température augmente pour les deux argiles. En outre, l'histoire des chargementsmodifie l'impact de la température sur le comportement mécanique. Ainsi, les résultats montrent une dilatation thermique pour les sols fortement surconsolidées et une contraction thermique des échantillons faibles et normalement consolidés. Cette étude a ainsi permis de mettre en évidence l'impact relatif d'un certain nombre de paramètres sur l'évolution du comportement des argiles compactées avec la température
Utilisation de produits non traditionnels pour le traitement des matériaux de terrassement : impact sur les propriétés géotechniques et bilan environnemental by Gaëtan Blanck( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Sustainable development principles lead earthworks companies to use all natural materials and to reduce the environmental impact of their activities. In this context, the use of industrial organic products derived from the processing of renewable matter has been proposed. In this study, three non traditional products have been selected: an enzymatic solution, a lignosulfonate and an acid solution. In a first approach, hydromechanical properties of four treated soils (a silt, a clayey soil and two sands) were investigated. The experimental results showed interesting applications for the silt when its natural water content is low. Indeed, the compaction ability of the soil was increased after enzymatic and lignosulfonate treatments. Thus, savings of water and energy could be expected during the construction stage. To gain a better understanding of the mechanisms of the treatment products, the microstructure of treated soil were investigated with scanning electron microscopy, mercury injection porosity and was completed by the study of a surfactant addition in soils. The global aim of the study was beyond the characterization of mechanical behavior of treated soils, therefore, environmental balance was also estimated for the different applications defined in accordance to the experimental results. For enzymatic and lignosulfonate treatments, a comparison of the global environmental impact was done thanks to a life cycle assessment methodology. This approach showed that technical and environmental interest are associated for the compaction of dry soils when the production and transport steps have limited environmental impact as demonstrated in the sensitivity analysis
Thermo-mechanical behavior of soil-structure interface under monotonic and cyclic loads in the context of energy geostructures by Soheib Maghsoodi( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Incorporation of heat exchangers in conventional geostructures like piles can extract the heat from the soil for heating purposes and inject it to the soil for cooling purposes. In recent years, research has been conducted at full and laboratory scale to investigate the effect of temperature on the geotechnical behavior of these energy geostructures as well as on the surrounding soil. Indeed, these energy geostructures can be subjected to cyclic mechanical loads and thermal variations throughout their lifetime. The aim of this study was to deepen the understanding regarding the behavior of sand/clay-structure contact under complex thermo-mechanical loads. A temperature-controlled direct shear device to perform monotonic and cyclic constant normal load or constant normal stiffness tests was developed. The response of the interface to the thermal effects on the mechanical behaviour of soils and soil-structure interface was investigated. Fontainebleau sand and kaolin clay were used as proxies for sandy and clayey soils. The results showed that the applied thermal variations have a negligible effect on the shear strength of the sand and sand-structure interface. In clay samples the temperature increase, increased the cohesion and consequently the shear strength, due to thermal contraction during heating. The adhesion of the clay-structure interface, was less than the cohesion of the clay samples. To investigate the mechanical cyclic load effects on the clay-structure interface at different temperatures, monotonic and cyclic constant-volume equivalent-undrained direct shear tests were performed on clay-clay and clay-structure interface at different temperatures. The results showed that, the number of cycles to failure for the clay-structure interface test was lower than that for the clay-clay case in the same range of cyclic and average shear stress ratios. Increasing the temperature, decreased the rate of strain accumulation and the number of cycles to failure increased by 2-3 times. The rate of degradation (degradation parameter, t) decreased by 16% with heating from 22 to 60oC for the different cyclic stress ratios tested. A non-isothermal soil-structure interface model based on critical state theory was then developed. The non-isothermal model takes into account the effect of temperature on the void ratio of interface prior to shearing. The model is capable to capture the effect of temperature on soil-structure interface under constant normal load and constant normal stiffness conditions for both sandy and clayey interfaces. The additional parameters have physical meanings and can be determined from classical laboratory tests. The formulation is in good agreement with the experimental results and the main trends are properly reproduced
Comportement hydromécanique et érosion des sols fins traités by Abdelwadoud Mehenni( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The current evolution of the social and economic context requires from the different actors of the public works sector to adapt their practices to the challenges of sustainable development. In the field of earthworks, companies must offer technical solutions to reuse the materials located in the vicinity of the projects in order to limit the borrowing materials and unused soils deposits. Soil treatment may allow the reuse of these materials. This study was focused on four treatment products (kaolinite, bentonite, lime and cement) as well as their effects on the hydro-mechanical behavior and internal erosion resistance of a fine silt. An enhanced HET device was designed in the framework of this study to determine the internal erosion characteristics of treated soils especially with lime and cement. Beyond the characterization of treatment effects on short-term hydro-mechanical behavior of soils, the work of this study extends to the durability of treatment and the evolution of long-term hydro-mechanical behavior of treated soils subjected to drying-wetting cycles. This study of sustainability was carried out through a multi-scale approach based on laboratory study data on soil samples and field investigations on hydraulic structures made of treated soil. The study showed that hydraulic conditions variations can decrease the performance of treated soils. These degradations result on an increase in hydraulic conductivity, a decrease of the mechanical strength and also a reduction in the critical shear stress which expresses a decrease of the internal erosion resistance. The kinetic of performance loss depends to the nature of the treatment product and percentage used as well as the exposure level, the number and amplitude of the hydraulic variations. However, the field study showed that it is possible to reduce the kinetic degradation of the soil performance through an appropriate construction design
Comportement mécanique des sols grossiers hétérogènes à matrice by N'guessan Moïse Kouakou( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Les sols grossiers à matrice, matériaux contenant des grains allant du micromètre à plusieurs dizaines de centimètres, sont fréquemment utilisés dans divers projets géotechniques tels que les digues et les remblais. La détermination de la résistance au cisaillement de ces sols dans les appareils standards de laboratoire est difficile en raison de la présence des grains de grande taille. Différentes approches (écrêtement, substitution et granulométrie parallèle) pourraient être utilisées pour réduire la taille des grains de l'échantillon à tester. Toutefois, ces techniques impliquent une modification du pourcentage de chaque fraction par rapport à l'échantillon initial. Il est donc important de connaître l'effet de la variation de la courbe granulométrique sur la résistance au cisaillement des sols grossiers à matrice. L'objectif de cette étude était d'établir une méthodologie permettant d'estimer la résistance au cisaillement des sols grossiers à matrice à partir d'essais sur leur fraction compatible avec les dispositifs de cisaillement disponibles. La méthode de granulométrie parallèle a été retenue et l'influence de l'augmentation du pourcentage de fines dans le sol reconstitué a été investiguée. Deux sols de différents pourcentages de fines ont été étudiés : un granulat calcaire ayant 1,9 % de fines et une grave naturelle ayant 15 % de fines. Les résistances au cisaillement d'échantillons de granulométrie parallèle de ces sols à la même densité sèche en conditions saturée et non saturée ont été déterminées dans des dispositifs de différentes dimensions. Les résultats ont montré une estimation satisfaisante de la résistance au cisaillement du sol grossier initial lorsque le pourcentage de fines est inférieur à 4 % avec un faible taux de rupture des particules. Ce faible taux est garanti pour de faibles contraintes normales, inférieures à 100 kPa. Pour un pourcentage de fines plus élevé dans le sol, soit moins 30 % de fines, il a été montré que l'angle de frottement du sol initial est bien estimé lorsque le sol reconstitué a le même arrangement des grains que le sol initial. Cependant, la différence de pourcentage de fines entre le sol initial et le sol reconstitué a conduit à une surestimation de la cohésion du sol initial. Une relation cohésion - pourcentage de fines a été établie pour prédire la cohésion du sol grossier initial. Par ailleurs, lorsque le pourcentage de fines dans le sol reconstitué est supérieur à 30 %, il a été montré que la méthode d'écrêtement permet d'obtenir une estimation satisfaisante de la résistance au cisaillement du sol initial lorsque les critères de densité et de pourcentage de grains écrêtés sont respectés. Des recommandations ont été faites pour déterminer la résistance au cisaillement des sols grossiers à matrice en fonction de leurs caractéristiques et la taille du dispositif disponible
 
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Languages
French (12)

English (3)