WorldCat Identities

Fitoussi, Joseph (19..-....).

Overview
Works: 13 works in 16 publications in 2 languages and 17 library holdings
Roles: Thesis advisor, Opponent, Author
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Joseph Fitoussi
ETUDE MICROMECANIQUE DE L'INFLUENCE DE L'ENDOMMAGEMENT A L'INTERFACE FIBRE/MATRICE SUR LE COMPORTEMENT DE COMPOSITES ORGANIQUES A RENFORTS DISONTINUS by Joseph Fitoussi( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

LE TRAVAIL DE THESE REALISE AU COURS DE TROIS ANNEES AU SEIN DU LM3, ENSAM PARIS CONCERNE UNE THEMATIQUE TRES ACTUELLE A SAVOIR LES RELATIONS MICRO-MACRO ET L'ENDOMMAGEMENT DANS LES MATERIAUX COMPOSITES. NOUS PROPOSONS DES LOIS DE COMPORTEMENT ADAPTEES AUX MATERIAUX HETEROGENES (COMPOSITES) A RENFORTS DISCONTINUS INTEGRANT LES PHENOMENES D'ENDOMMAGEMENT SE PRODUISANT A L'ECHELLE MICROSCOPIQUE NOTAMMENT A L'INTERFACE RENFORT/MATRICE. LES MATERIAUX INDUSTRIELS ETUDIES (COMPOSITE SMC VERRE/POLYESTER OU STRATIFIES VERRE/EPOXY), LORSQU'ILS SONT SOUMIS A UN CHARGEMENT EXTERIEUR, SUBISSENT, A L'ECHELLE DES RENFORTS, DIFFERENTS TYPES DE MECANISMES D'ENDOMMAGEMENT. CES DERNIERS SONT IDENTIFIES A L'AIDE D'ESSAIS DE TRACTION REALISES DANS L'ENCEINTE D'UN MEB. CETTE TECHNIQUE EXPERIMENTALE NOUS A PERMIS DE METTRE EN EVIDENCE LEURS INFLUENCES SUR LE COMPORTEMENT MACROSCOPIQUE DU COMPOSITE. POUR LES DEUX MATERIAUX ETUDIES, LA DECOHESION A L'INTERFACE FIBRE/MATRICE APPARAIT COMME LE MECANISME PREDOMINANT. UNE LOI DE COMPORTEMENT ORIGINALE, FONDEE SUR UNE APPROCHE DE TYPE PASSAGE MICRO-MACRO (MODELE D'HOMOGENEISATION) ET S'APPUYANT SUR L'OBSERVATION IN SITU DES MECANISMES DE DEFORMATION EST ALORS PROPOSEE. CETTE LOI EST CONSTRUITE A L'AIDE DE DEUX OUTILS NOUVEAUX. TOUT D'ABORD, AFIN DE PREDIRE L'AMORCAGE ET LA PROPAGATION DES MICRO-FISSURES, NOUS INTRODUISONS, A L'ECHELLE LOCALE, LA NOTION DE CRITERE DE DECOHESION A L'INTERFACE FIBRE/MATRICE. UNE METHODE NOUVELLE D'IDENTIFICATION DE CE CRITERE EST PROPOSEE COUPLANT MODELE ET EXPERIENCE. ENFIN, L'ANISOTROPIE LOCALE INDUITE PAR L'ENDOMMAGEMENT EST TRADUITE PAR LE CONCEPT DE MICROSTRUCTURE EQUIVALENTE TRADUISANT LE COMPORTEMENT DE LA MICROSTRUCTURE ENDOMMAGEE A L'ECHELLE DE LA FIBRE. DEUX MODELES DISTINCTS SONT FONDES SUR DEUX METHODES AYANT POUR BUT DE SIMULER LA PRESENCE DES FISSURES INTERFACIALES (FISSURE EQUIVALENTE) OU DE TRADUIRE LEURS EFFETS SUR LA PERTE DE RIGIDITE LOCALE ET SUR L'ANISOTROPIE DU SYSTEME FIBRE+FISSURE (FIBRE ANISOTROPE EQUIVALENTE). DES COMPARAISONS EXPERIENCE/SIMULATION A L'ECHELLE MICRO ET MACROSCOPIQUE MONTRENT UNE BONNE CORRELATION
Etude du délaminage en mode II de composites unidirectionnels soumis à des sollicitations rapides : approche globale et Approche locale by Anh Tuan Tran( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One of the major benefits of laminate composites reinforced with long fibers is the ability to orient the fibers of each ply to optimize its mechanical properties such as strength and stiffness, relative to loads imposed. Despite excellent properties in the plane, laminates present a problem for materials made by laminating: the inter-laminar fracture. This failure mechanism is characterized by a delamination or debonding between the plies of the laminate. It is commonly called the "delamination". In addition, little information exists in the literature concerning the mode II delamination pure. Moreover, it is even less prolific in terms solicitations fast. The objective of this thesis is to study this mode of delamination when this type of composite material is subjected to high speed loading. The test mode II delamination (CLS Cracked-Lap-Shear) was applied to two standard types of unidirectional composite materials using a guiding system ensuring a quasi-pure mode II. The test campaigns were carried out using a tensile machine at high speed. A Photron high speed camera type was used to shoot up crack propagation speeds of about 1000m/s. The application of the technique of field measurement by image correlation was used to measure local displacement fields near the crack tip. Two different methods of measurement are studied and applied to tests to monitor the crack propagation: the contrast method and a method combining measurement by image correlation and finite element method. In addition, two approaches: the first called "local" and the second called "global" has been applied to determine changes in the rate of energy release according to the speed of propagation of the crack. With the results obtained by these two approaches, we showed that the theoretical law proposed by Yang is able to adequately represent the evolution of the energy release rate depending on the speed of propagation of the crack during mode II delamination. The evolution law of Yang has been validated
Composites BMC injectes : analyse et modelisation multi-echelles du comportement endommageable by Thi Tuyet Nhung Le( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Schneider Electric is developing technical parts used in the area of Low Voltage Power, medium voltage and industrial control. These parts are highly constrained in terms of dielectric, mechanical and thermal properties. This study is carried out on BMC materials (Bulk Molding Compound), applied in electrical industry and expected to answer all the properties mentioned before. In general, all the BMC composites are based on polyester resin used with low shrink additive and mineral fillers. One can obtain different properties by the method of processing and varying the amount or the nature of each component of the formulation. The design of pieces and the choice of the composite materials allow us to reach the main properties expected for such application. The main objective of Schneider Electric is to create a tool for the design of these BMC pieces, describing their mechanical properties as a function of the proposed formulation. We have proposed an approach to establish a numerical model allowing us to predict the behavior of BMC composites based on the properties of each constituent of the formulation. The proposed approach is based on a multi-scale homogenization of random media. The experimental results allowed us to determine precisely the micro-structure of the materials and its influence on the macroscopic scale (mechanical properties). They have permitted us to highlight the specificities of this class of materials. The results are integrated into a model of Mori-Tanaka type, coupled with the inclusion of damages like the formation of voids growth and the debonding of fibers
Effect of thermal aging on crystallization behaviors and dynamic mechanical properties of glass fiber reinforced polyphenylene sulfide (PPS/GF) composites by Peiyuan Zuo( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Etude du comportement dynamique couplé au vieillissement des composites totalement recyclés à renfort carbone : de la caractérisation à la modélisation by Hassen Meftah( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the automotive sector, integrating more and more recycled composite materials while improving the initial performance and decreasing the carried masses becomes a compromise that needs to be addressed. Moreover, structural parts made of composite materials intended for crash are often subjected to environmental conditions, including moderately high temperatures, capable of causing gradual physico-chemical degradation. Thus, to ensure better design and durability of parts, it is important to understand the influence of thermal aging on the dynamic properties of materials. To this end, this work aims to couple the physics of oxidative degradation kinetics and the multi-scales mechanical behavior of a new fully recycled composite based on a polypropylene matrix and carbon fibers. The first axis of the study is dedicated to the elaboration, the physicochemical, microstructural and mechanical characterization of several formulations of composites. Once the optimal composite is selected, a hybrid experimental and numerical methodology is s is developed in order to characterize the dynamic properties at high strain rates reaching 100 s-1. The second axis of this work is focused on the study of the influence of thermo-oxidation on the physicochemical and mechanical properties at different strain rates of the optimal composite and its matrix. The resulting experimental has allowed the identification of a kinetic model parameters based on a mechanistic scheme. Furthermore, a qualitative and quantitative study of the effect of aging on the damage mechanisms has been carried out at a microscopic scale in order to establish a damage law linking, for a given imposed strain, the local damage density to the concentration of the oxidation products. The results of this study highlight the possibility of developing behavioral laws affected by the parameters of kinetic models describing the evolution of the physicochemical state of the composite during aging
Mécanismes d'endommagement du polyamide-66 renforcé par des fibres de verre courtes, soumis à un chargement monotone et en fatigue : Influence de l'humidité relative et de la microstructure induite par le moulage par injection by Muhamad Fatikul Arif( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The current work focuses on extensive experimental approaches to identify quasi-static and fatigue damage behavior of PA66/GF30 considering various effects such as relative humidity and injection process induced microstructure. By using in situ SEM tests, it was observed that relative humidity conditions strongly impact the damage mechanisms in terms of their initiation, level and chronology. The X-ray micro-tomography analysis on fatigue loaded samples demonstrated that the damage continuously increases during fatigue loading, but the evolution occurs more significantly in the second half of the fatigue life. From the results of damage investigation under quasi-static and fatigue loading, it was established that both loading types exhibit the same damage mechanisms, with fiber/matrix interfacial debonding as the principal damage mechanisms. General damage chronologies were proposed as the damage initiates at fiber ends and more generally at locations where fibers are relatively close to each other due to the generation of local stress concentrations. Afterwards, interfacial decohesions further propagate along the fiber/matrix interface. At high relative flexural stress, matrix microcracks can develop and propagate, leading to the damage accumulation and then the final failure. The experimental findings are important to provide a physically based damage mechanisms scenarios that can be integrated into multiscale damage models. These models will contribute towards reliable predictions of damage in reinforced thermoplastics for lightweight automotive applications
Étude du comportement mécanique et de l'endommagement de divers matériaux composites smc soumis à des chargements de type dynamique, fatigue et dynamique post-fatigue by Mohammadali Shirinbayan( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Classically, crash design of automotive composite structures made of discontinuous reinforcements such as SMC is usually based on experimental data obtained from virgin materials without any history of loading. However, crash events always occur after a few years of use during which composite structure is generally subjected to more or less important fatigue loading. Taking into account of a potential pre-damage in fatigue becomes essential if we want to stay realistic. Moreover, new formulations of SMC composites have been developed recently. Up to now, their fatigue and dynamic behavior were never being explored. This study, of a mostly experimental nature, aims to provide the knowledge necessary for design of structures made of various SMC formulations including A-SMC and LD-SMC. The first one is a vinylester matrix reinforced with a high content of glass fibers (50%). The second corresponds to a standard SMC formulation in which we added a high content of hollow glass micro-sphere in order to reduce density. A systematic multi-scale analysis allows to highlight the influence of the microstructure on damage phenomena under quasi-static, dynamic and fatigue loading. Original experimental methods are developed to correlate these mechanisms to the observed macroscopic behavior. Optimized dynamic tests are performed at strain rate up to 80 s-1 and highlight a visco-damageable behavior for the two SMC materials in study. Damage threshold delay and reduction of damage kinetics observed at the macroscopic scale are directly correlated to the threshold and kinetic of damage development observed at the local scale such as fiber-matrix or matrix-microsphere interfaces, matrix micro-cracking and pseudo-delamination between the bundles of glass fiber. Moreover, a similar multi-scale analysis is also performed under fatigue loading in which the frequency ranges from 10 to 100 Hz. A study of the influence of the self-heating phenomenon on the fatigue damage behavior of A-SMC is proposed. Finally, an original analysis of the remaining dynamic properties of samples which were previously submitted to fatigue loading until different levels of lifetime highlights a strong influence of the history of the loading on the strain rate sensitivity of the A-SMC. Considering the high contribution of this study in term of comprehension of the phenomena involved in the mechanical response of SMC materials, all of the experimental findings of this study provide the physical background crucial to build structural design tools for SMC subjected to cyclic and dynamic loading
Étude expérimentale multi-échelle et modélisation hybride prédictive du comportement, de l'endommagement et de la durée de vie en fatigue d'un matériau composite polypropylène / fibres de verre by Amine Imaddahen( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'objectif final de ce travail est de proposer un outil numérique capable de prédire l'endommagement et la durée de vie en fatigue des matériaux et structures en composite à matrice thermoplastique. Pour ce faire, une étude expérimentale multi-échelle du matériaux PPGF40 (polypropylène chargé en fibre de verre à 40% en masse) est réalisée. Une analyse qualitative, mais aussi quantitative des différents mécanismes d'endommagement se produisant lors d'une sollicitation mécanique a été réalisée à travers des essais de flexion trois points in situ MEB, des essais de fatigue interrompus et des observations des faciès de rupture en monotone et en fatigue. A la lumière de ces essais nous avons conclu que la décohésion de l'interface fibre-matrice et la propagation des fissures à travers les interfaces apparait être le phénomène prépondérant menant à la ruine du matériau et cela indépendamment de l'orientation des fibres et du mode de sollicitation monotone ou fatigue. La démarche hybride proposée est basée sur un modèle micromécanique / phénoménologique permettant de prendre en compte l'endommagement à l'interface fibre-matrice et la plasticité de la matrice. Pour ce faire, un critère local statistique d'endommagement à l'interface fibre-matrice est introduit dans un modèle de Mori et Tanaka et la linéarisation du comportement plastique de la matrice est réalisée pas à pas, en utilisant une approche en champs moyens avec une formulation sécante. Le modèle micromécanique utilisé permet alors de prédire le comportement du matériau sous chargement monotone et notamment la première perte de rigidité en fatigue. L'analyse des résultats montre que cette dernière est directement liée à la durée de vie en fatigue du matériau. Ainsi, une méthodologie prédictive de la durée de vie est proposée et validée pour différentes configurations microstructurales. Un critère de rupture en fatigue est proposé en fonction du nombre de cycles
Caractérisation et Modélisation du comportement micromécanique des matériaux composites SMC sous chargement thermomécanique de type quasi-statique et fatigue. by Mohamed Amine Laribi( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The composite materials are strongly conditioned by the ability of the company to design the automotive structures under various complexes loadings such as fatigue. The aim of this thesis is to develop a multi-scale modeling coupled to a phenomenological approach in order to provide a response to the dimensioning need of structural parts subjected to cyclic loading at different temperatures of 23°C, 80°C and -30°C. By this way, the work was conducted along two main lines; firstly, an experimental investigation under monotonic and fatigue loadings. The results of this experimental study provide the necessary data for the construction of a micromechanical model which constitute the basis of the second part of this work; the predictive approaches of the fatigue lifetime for SMC composite. Thus, two hybrid, phenomenological/micromechanical, modeling approaches have been proposed. Both are based on a micromechanical modeling that allows describing the mechanical behavior of our material under monotonic loading, taking into account the microstructure and the damage phenomenon. These two predictive models require only a limited number of experimental tests and investigations but remain very reliable in their capacity to predict the lifetime of an SMC composite material under fatigue loading. The approach is validated in the case of thermomechanical sequential loadings at variable temperatures or amplitudes
Composites Fibre de Carbone à architecture discontinue by Leyre Anza Ortiz de Apodaca( Book )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Etude et modélisation de l'endommagement mécanique des matériaux composites sous l'effet de l'humidité : Couplage hydrolyse et endommagement. by Abir Abdessalem( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The present study deals with the wet durability and fatigue damage of organic matrix composite (OMC) materials. The diffusion of water in a SMC material (polyester matrix reinforced with glass fibers and particles of chalks) is first analyzed experimentally. Then it is modeled numerically under different conditions of hygrothermal aging in immersion. The physical mechanisms causing the hygrothemal damage are then identified. Decreases of different mechanical properties as a function of time and of the absorbed water content are highlighted with the identified damage phenomena. The effect of hygrothermal damage on fatigue life is then studied experimentally. A predictive model that takes into account the effects of waterborne and mechanical damage is then proposed. A coupled diffusion / mechanical calculation makes it possible to determine the overall behavior of the material. It is shown that it is possible to simulate and to follow continuously the evolution of the fatigue life of the aged material whatever the time and temperature
Dimensionnement au crash de pièces composites pour láutomobile by Diego Carbajosa Sanz( Book )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Modélisation micromécanique de l'effet des chargements cycliques et de la vitesse de déformation sur l'endommagement de l'interface fibre-matrice dans les composites SMC by Houssem Ayari( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'objectif de cette étude est de modéliser les réponses mécaniques de deux matériaux composites SMC soumis à des sollicitations de types fatigue et dynamique. Pour mener à bien cet objectif, une étude bibliographique a été menée sur les propriétés et la modélisation des comportements dynamique et cyclique des matériaux composites à renforts discontinus. L'endommagement à l'interface fibre-matrice apparait comme étant le phénomène moteur dans les composites SMC dont le comportement peut être qualifié d'élastique endommageable. Ainsi, un modèle micromécanique basé sur une technique d'homogénéisation dans lequel un critère local statistique de rupture à l'interface fibre-matrice a été introduit a été développé et a permis de traduire le comportement monotone des SMC étudiés a été développé. Les résultats expérimentaux extraits de la littérature ont permis l'extension du modèle micromécanique aux cas des chargements cycliques et dynamiques. Quatre approches complémentaires tous fondé sur la prise en compte des dommages interfaciaux ont été développées. Notamment, le critère a été formulé en fonction des contraintes limites normales et tangentielles locales, des vitesses de chargement locales correspondantes et du nombre de cycle afin de prédire le comportement dynamique et cyclique. Ainsi, les réponses mécaniques sous chargement monotone, la dégradation progressive des propriétés mécaniques sous chargement dynamique et cyclique et la durée de vie des deux composites SMC étudiés ont pu être prédites avec une bonne concordance avec les résultats expérimentaux obtenus à l'échelle microscopique et macroscopique
 
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Languages
French (13)

English (3)