WorldCat Identities

Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne (ICB) (Dijon)

Overview
Works: 177 works in 263 publications in 2 languages and 263 library holdings
Roles: Other, Degree grantor, 981
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne (ICB) (Dijon)
Sources impulsionnelles picosecondes tout optique à très haut débit : applications aux télécommunications optiques by Ibrahim El Mansouri( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis presents the work carried out on the realization of fibered 40-GHz picosecond optical pulse sources in the telecommunications C-band. In the first part, we present a numerical and experimental study of the generation of 40-GHz pulse trains thanks to the nonlinear compression of an initial beat-signal by multiple Four-Wave Mixing process. Enhanced temporal stability is achieved by generating the sinusoidal beating thanks to a Mach-Zehnder modulator driven at its zero-transmission working point. In order to improve the quality of the generated pulses, we also demonstrate the suppression of stimulated Brillouin back-scattering by inserting several optical isolators into the compression line. In the next part, we present the generation of low duty-cycle pulse trains by using a nonlinear compressor line based on 4 segments of fiber. The generated pulse trains have been encoded and then multiplexed to achieve a high bit rate signal (160 Gb/s). In the last part, we present the technology transfer steps of this optical source, such as creating a prototype of the source, prior art search and market research
Le dioxyde de titane : un matériau nouveau pour la photonique à 1.55 µm et à 2 µm by Manon Lamy( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the next decades, the limits of current optical communication systems will be reached unless new solutions are adopted. On of them is the use of a new spectral range around 2 µm enabled by the emergence of thulium-doped fiber amplifiers. In this thesis, we will focus on it in the context of very short distances transmissions on photonic chips. Various materials, mainly titanium dioxide (TiO2), will be explored.This thesis work has two main objectives. On the one hand, it aims to demonstrate that a material relatively unexplored, titanium dioxide, is promising for telecom applications by comparing it to more mature plateforms. On the other hand, it tends to introduce the spectral band around 2 µm as a solution to be considered for next-generation communications.More precisely, the first part of this thesis aims to develop a technique to efficiently couple light in TiO2 structures. For the first time, a configuration using a buried metallic grating was evaluated numerically and then characterized experimentally. The second part presents error-free high-speed (10 Gbit/s) telecom transmissions around 2 µm carried out in subwavelength or multimode waveguides in titanium dioxide, silicon or silicon-germanium. Finally, nonlinear functions are explored on the photonic chips. Thus, it has been demonstrated a wavelength conversion at 2 µm reaching -10dB on a silicon waveguide or the first supercontinuum generation spreading from visible to 2 µm wavelength in a TiO2 waveguide
Nanoparticules d'oxydes de fer et nanotubes de titanate pour l'imagerie multimodale et à destination de la thérapie anticancéreuse by Jérémy Paris( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The new implementations of nanoparticles in the medical field are one of the essential factors of the medical progress expected at the beginning of this XXIst century. Thus, the domain of the medical imaging is also affected by this technological evolution. This work consisted in developing theranostic probes with iron oxides nanoparticles (SPIO) and titanate nanotubes (TiONts) for multimodal imaging (magnetic/nuclear or magnetic/optical) and also possessing a therapeutic effect (hyperthermia/PDT or radiosensitization/PDT).The titanate nanotubes of this study have an average length of about 150 nm and were obtained by Kasuga's hydrothermal synthesis. These nanotubes present an outside diameter of about 10 nm and an intern cavity of 4 nm. On the other hand, iron oxides nanoparticles were synthesized by soft chemistry ("Massart" method). These spinel-like iron oxides nanoparticles have a crystallite size of 9 nm in diameter and exhibit a superparamagnetic behavior which was highlighted by FC / ZFC measurements.To get these nanoparticles ready to receive molecules of biological interest, two linkers of more reactive organic functions (APTES: NH2 or PHA: COOH) were grafted to the surface of these two types of nanoparticles. Their presence was shown by different techniques (XPS, IR, UV-vis). The amount of grafted linkers was determined by TGA and in all cases this amount is close to 5 molecules/nm2. First, titanate nanotubes were coated by a macrocyclic chelating agent (0.2 DOTA/nm2). After radiolabelling with indium 111, the TiONts - DOTA[In] nanohybrids were injected in Swiss nude mice and observed by SPECT/CT imaging to characterize their biodistribution. The SPECT/CT images and the radioactivity measured in each organ showed that after one hour, nanotubes are located in lungs and in urine. Then, the nanotubes are gradually eliminated and are only found in urines after 24 hours. The same macrocyclic agent was grafted to the SPIO's surface for the creation of multimodal probes MRI/SPECT or MRI/PET. Alongside this study, a fluorophore (Zinc phthalocyanine) was also grafted to the surface of nanoparticles. The synthesized SPIO - Pc nanohybrid has the required properties of bimodal imaging MRI/OI probe thanks to his emission wavelength around 670 nm and its relaxivity is about 70 L.mmolFe3O4-1.s-1. Furthermore, nanohybrids were coated by PEG to make them stealth, biocompatible and stable.In this study, the toxicity of most nanohybrids was evaluated by the in vivo zebrafish model. The studied nanohybrids did not present any toxicity, hatching disruption or malformation on zebrafish larvae
Selective reflection spectroscopy of alkali vapors confined in nanocells and emerging sensing applications by Emmanuel Klinger( )

2 editions published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis is aimed at studying the resonant interaction of a laser radiation with an atomic alkali vapor layer of wavelength-scale thickness confined in an optical nanocell; and emerging sensing applications.We focus our attention on the selective reflection arising at the interface between a dielectric window and a resonant alkali vapor, and show that the derivative of selective reflection spectra exhibit narrow resonances whose maxima are located exactly at atomic resonance frequencies. These resonances are observed with a spectral linewidth up to fifteen times smaller than the Doppler linewidth of the medium and their amplitudes scale linearly with respect to the transitions ones. Owing to these properties and the possibility to probe thin atomic layers, we investigate atom-surface interaction and measure the C3 coefficient of the van der Waals interaction.We present a theoretical model describing the interaction of near-resonant laser light with alkali vapor-filled nanocell in the presence of an external static magnetic field. We show an excellent agreement between recorded and calculated spectra in a wide range of magnetic fields spanning from Zeeman to Paschen-Back regimes. Following these results, we propose a concept for a nanocell-based optical magnetometer. A proof of feasibility is presented and a performance analysis reveals a coefficient of variation for the magnetic field measurements less than 5% in the range 0.4 - 2 kG
Interactions et résonances dans les systèmes quantiques by Guillaume Saget( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis book is concerned with the interactions and resonances in quantum systems and is subdivided into three thematics. First, our work is aimed at constructing in the local limit a systematic method for a normalized vibrational Hamiltonian for a strongly excited n-degree-of-freedom molecular system from the generators of the Lie algebra, the algebra of the invariant polynomials built in classical mechanics from the the kernel of the adjoint operator adH0 . We present both the method of construction in case of absence and in case of a p : q resonance system with n degrees of freedom. Application to the non-linear triatomic molecule ClOH is then given.On the other hand, by using the LTPA Algorithm, we realize normalisation of linear triatomic molecules and we compare in case of the CO2 molecule our results to those of authors who used to another approaches. Then, we are dealing with the Fermi interaction in order to show analogously to the building of Hamiltonians of non-linear molecules AB2, that this interaction is able to describe the transition of a atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) to a molecular one.Finally, in the last chapter, we explore the non-adiabatic dynamics of a two-state system subject to excitation by a specific constant-amplitude periodic level-crossing model and we show that the evolution of the probability amplitudes of states is deduced from the Heun equation for a particular class of solutions. We also highlight three different behaviors for the detuning : non-crossing, crossing and level-glancing. For these two last behaviors, a 1 : 1 resonance occurs periodically between the system and the field
Synthèse de nanoparticules mésoporeuses de silice et encapsulation du cisplatine en vue du ciblage des traitements de chimiothérapie anticancéreuse by Mathieu Varache( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this PhD thesis is to elaborate mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) able to sustain the release of cisplatin into the intracellular compartments of solid tumors. The parametric study shows that morphological, structural and textural properties of MSNs-MCM-41, synthesized by sol-gel reaction by using TEOS as a silica source and CTAB as a structure-directing agent, depend on pH, stirring speed, temperature and extraction process of CTAB. The synthesis atmosphere has to be controlled in order to avoid the presence of ethanol and carbonate species which are responsible of necks between particles generating unstable suspensions of MSNs.MSNs were functionalized in order to control the interactions between cisplatin and MSNs or to improve their colloidal stability in physiological media.Various silanated organic molecules (APTES, TESP, MPTES, CEST) and neutral or ionised polymers were grafted into the MSNs using a co-condensation approach or a postsynthetic functionalization method while keeping structural and textural properties of MSNs unchanged.The amount of cisplatin encapsulated by using impregnation are higher than those obtained by using adsorption and depend on MSNs fonctionalization. MSNs grafted by PEI allow a sustained drug release and cytotoxic effects similar to cisplatin. In vitro assays show that MSNs devoid of cisplatin are not cytotoxic up to 200 µg/mL. Confocal microscopy study reveals that MSNs internalization is efficient after about 2h of contact with cells
Cartographie unifiée de la dynamique des solitons dans les guides d'onde à fibre optique by Emmanuel Tchomgo Felenou( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis examines the dynamical behaviour of solitons which are affected, when entering a fiber-optic waveguide, by a slight distortion of profile as compared to the stationary profile in the guide. Our theoretical model combines the propagation equation of the electric field (Non-Linear Schrödinger Equation) and the system of equations of evolution of the physical parameters of the pulse (derived from the collective coordinates theory). We establish a general mapping which reveals an unsuspected diversity of dynamic behaviour around the stationary state of the pulse, in relation with the initial perturbation of the pulse's profile. This mapping establishes a classification of solitons in two broad categories, which correspond to light pulses that generate radiation during their propagation and to non-radiating pulses, respectively. Within each of these two broad classes of pulses, we demonstrate the existence of different kinds of atypical behaviour, which we qualify as hyperthermic solitons (hot solitons), hypothermic solitons (cold solitons) and isothermic solitons, which correspond respectively to pulses that propagate in a highly stable manner with an energy level higher than, lower than, and equal to the energy of the stationary state. On the borders of the domains of existence of these various types of solitons, we find hybrid behaviours, corresponding to solitons that cool during propagation, due to a significant loss of energy caused by an intense radiation, and which change state (from hyperthermia to hypothermia, or from isothermal to hypothermia). Finally, the radiation emitted by a light pulse is not identified as being a continual process, but rather as a ball of energy emitted in the beginning of propagation, and its suppression in the waveguide is considered as practicable
Influence des paramètres structuraux de superplastifiants sur l'hydratation, la création de surfaces initiales et la fluidité de systèmes cimentaires modèles by Florent Dalas( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nowadays the use of superplasticizers admixtures becomes unavoidable for concrete. It allows enhancing the rheological properties at the fresh state: the initial flow and slump retention during the 2-3 first hours of the life of a concrete. The understanding of this mechanism is still partly elucidated for PCE (grafted copolymers). The aim of this thesis was to challenge the assumption of the evolution of the adsorbed amount of PCE per instantaneous mineral surface unit as origin of the fluidity temporal evolution during the workability period.On an inert system (calcite), we confirmed that the fluidity is mainly governed by the adsorption level. Thus for a same surface adsorption density, the fluidity of the paste is roughly similar whatever the structure of the PCE. On an inert system also (calcite or ettringite), the modification of the anionic function provides a technological way to improve the resistance of the adsorption against the variation of the sulfate ions concentration.The surface area of a reactive model system (tricalcium aluminate, gypsum, hemihydrate and calcite) has been measured by two techniques during the workability period: the N2 adsorption (BET) and the water proton relaxometry (RMN). The PCE adsorption per surface unit has been calculated and analysed in link with the fluidity of the paste. In that case, the simple relation, shown on the inert system, is not verified because the presence of PCE has also an impact on the hydration and on the extent of the surface area. Especially PCE lead to increase the surface by changing the morphology of ettringite. The specific surface area of ettringite increases when the grafting density of PCE decreases
Etude de croissances de nanostructures de TiO2 en réacteur MOCVD en présence de catalyseurs métalliques. Valorisation des nanostructures de TiO2 by Andreea Crisbasan( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Within the Nanoform Theme, Ax Nanosciences, ICB, we realize the growth of 1D, 2D and 3D hybrid nanostructures based on TiO2 by MOCVD. Our work deals with the theoretical aspect of the formation of these nanostructures (growth and kinetic models, structure and texture) and the study of photoelectric, optical and physicochemical properties as well as the development of applications of these structures in physics (random laser), photocatalysis, energy (solar cells). Under certain perfectly controlled conditions, we obtain original TiO2 structures not yet described in the literature: membranes, rods , canals, crucibles, COHN (COaxiales Heterostructures Nanowires). Our previous work made it possible to identify the probable origin of these structures: use of ferromagnetic catalysts in the presence of induction heating. The study of this mechanism is totally new
Fabrication and characterization of thermo-plasmonic routers for telecom applications by Karim Hassan( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Dielectric Loaded Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides (DLSPPWs) have recently emerged as a possible solution to carry both optical and electrical signals on- chip. However, in the particular context of optical interconnects, advanced functionalities such as filtering, switching, and routing are required in order to replace in the future the equivalent electronic components which are too much power consumer and also to reduce their footprints. After presenting the interest and limitation of the leakage radiation microscopy method used all along this work, we show several active devices using thermo-sensitive polymers as the dielectric load driven electrically by Joule heating. Then we demonstrate the feasibility of all-optical systems by either doping the dielectric with metallic nanoparticles or by plasmo-thermal eect of a second plasmonic mode providing a localized heating of controlled shape. The dynamic activation of our thermo- optical devices is performed using a homemade fiber-to-fiber setup which allows us to investigate the response time of a plasmo-thermal heating as well as true datacom transmission. Some improvements of the original DLSPPWs performances are proposed by adding a metallic wall on one side of the polymer ridge. This system can act as a compact and athermal polarization converter
Contribution à l'effet des éléments d'alliage sur la résistance à la corrosion de nuances duplex exposées à des environnements simulant leur marché d'application par le biais d'approches locales by Djiby Ba( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les aciers inoxydables duplex (DSS) sont caractérisés par une structure biphasée comprenant un mélange de ferrite et d'austénite. La proportion entre les deux phases est d'habitude environ 50 %. Ils sont de plus en plus employés dans les industries chimiques, pétrochimiques, nucléaires, marines et de papier, principalement en raison de leurs excellentes propriétés mécaniques couplées à une bonne résistance à la corrosion par piqûre (basse teneur en nickel et molybdène). L'austénite ayant une composition chimique différente de celle de la ferrite, un film hétérogène se forme à la surface des aciers inoxydable duplex. Par ailleurs, les deux phases métalliques ayant des propriétés mécaniques différentes, un champ de contrainte hétérogène est généré dans les grains. Sous certaines conditions, l'existence de gradients de contraintes peut conduire à des hétérogénéités du film passif. Dans ce travail , on étudie l'effet des éléments d'alliages sur les propriétés physico-chimiques du film passif et le comportement en corrosion par piqures avant et après vieillissement en milieu chlorurés, pour une surface de référence respectant certains critères à savoir une surface lisse exempt de tout défauts (pas de couche écrouie, rugosité faible..). Les propriétés physico- chimiques du film sont étudiés à l'aide des analyses Auger et XPS à l'échelle locale et globale. Le comportement en corrosion des alliages duplex a été ensuite déterminé à partir d'essais TCP (détermination de la température critique de piqûration). Les résultats avant vieillissement ont montré que le film passif est homogène à l'échelle macroscopique et que l'amorçage des piqûres semblent être liée à la taille des grains et à la texture cristallographique décrit par le GOS. Après vieillissement de longue durée en milieu représentatif, les analyses de surface montrent un renforcement de la passivité par un épaississement du film passif, une augmentation significative du rapport Cr/Fe ce qui ont pour effet d'améliorer le comportement en corrosion par piqures des alliages. Des critères métallurgiques ont été proposés pour expliquer l'amorçage de piqûres pour ces alliages
High-resolution FTIR spectra analysis of sulfur dioxide isotopologues by Valeriya Zamotaeva( )

2 editions published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this thesis we considered the spectral properties of the sulfur dioxide. The experimental FTIR spectra of numerous sulfur dioxide isotopologues, 32S16O2, 34S16O2, 32S18O2 and 32S16O18O, were first recorded in the regions of fundamental, «hot», combination and overtone bands. The wide variability of the experimental conditions gave possibility to observe and identify for the first time transitions be¬ longing to the following of ro-vibrational bands: 3v2, 3v2 - v2, 2v2 - v2 bands of 32S16O2; 2v2 - v2 band of 34S16O2; v1 + v2, v2 + v3, v1 + v3, 2v1, 2v3 bands of 32S18O2; v1, v3, 2v1, v1 + v3, 2v3 bands of 32S16O18O. The inverse spectroscopic problems were solved for the studied states with the «rms»-deviation comparable to the experimental uncertainty of the spectral line position. As a result of the analysis about 38 000 ro-vibrational transitions belonging to 17 excited vibrational states were identified for the first time. The obtained highly accurate data on all sulfur dioxide isotopologues were used to correct the parameters of the IPF
Modélisation électrochimique de la vitesse de corrosion généralisée du fer en milieu poreux : contribution à un modèle prédictif de la durabilité des aciers non alliés en conditions de stockage géologique by Antoine Marion( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unalloyed steels selected by Andra for nuclear waste storage would be mainly affected by general corrosion. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that it is possible to simulate the long term corrosion rate in order to estimate the thickness of the containers expected to maintain the confinement for several centuries. Modeling by the finite element method, based on the resolution of Nernst-Planck equation in free potential conditions has been used to predict the electrochemical behavior of these steels impossible to reach at long time through laboratory experiments. From parametric studies (influence of electrochemical kinetic constants, kinetic constants dealing with chemical reactions, temperature) and in the light of several comparisons between laboratory and numerical experiments, it was possible to determine all the parameters and all the rules to build and use the most completed predictive numerical model.The main result of this study is a long term prediction model. After a first step it was established that dissolved oxygen initially trapped is consumed, whereas the corrosion rate is controlled by the fractional coverage of the surface due to the formation of corrosion products (magnetite, siderite). As a consequence, the decrease of the total porosity can be identified as a key parameter in the reduction of the corrosion rate
Etude des phénomènes de diffusion à l'état solide impliqués dans les réactions hétérogènes gaz-solide : application à la sulfuration de l'oxyde de zinc by Kévin Perrin( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Phase transition phenomena involving the mobility of the reaction interface are involved in a wide variety of chemical reactions and applications. A good example is the sulfidation reaction experienced by the metal oxide-based materials used in the framework of gas purification or catalysts preparation applications. These reactions involve solid-state diffusion phenomena of the reactive species (atomic or ionic form) through the layer of product formed during the reaction (oxide, sulfide, or metal phase). In many cases, solid-state diffusion has a direct impact on the reaction mechanisms while determining the growth direction of the formed phases, as well as the overall kinetics of the reactions. This PhD-thesis work aims at providing a better understanding of the solid-state diffusion phenomena of reactive species involved in gas-solid heterogeneous reactions. In particular, the study is focused on zinc oxide sulfidation reaction with H2S, in which the influence of the crystal structure of solids, the presence of impurities and / or native or extrinsic point defects, and the impact of diffusion phenomena on the overall reaction kinetics were evaluated. The research strategy relies on a first experimental approach via the synthesis and characterizations of doped materials, followed by the determination of their sulfidation reaction kinetics by thermogravimetry under reactive atmosphere. The experimental work was combined to a theoretical approach based on Molecular Dynamics, which allows the determination of diffusion coefficients in different systems (ZnO and ZnS), mono/polycrystalline, and with/without presence of doping elements. Knowledge of the diffusion processes and of key parameters involved leads to a better understanding of solid-gas heterogeneous reactions
Imagerie hyperspectrale en champ proche optique : développement et applications à la nanophotonique by Jean Dellinger( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La microscopie en champ proche optique permet d'analyser les phénomènes optiques avec une résolution spatiale sublongueur d'onde comme par exemple la localisation et la propagation de la lumière dans des cristaux photoniques. D'une manière générale, les méthodes de microscopie en champ proche optique reposent sur le positionnement à l'échelle nanométrique d'une sonde locale à proximité de l'échantillon à analyser, puis sur la détection du signal diffusé et collecté lors du balayage de la sonde. En fonction du type de détection optique mise en oeuvre ou du type de sonde utilisée, les grandeurs physiques communément accessibles par ces méthodes sont les distributions spatiales de l'amplitude et de la phase ou de l'intensité des composantes électriques ou magnétiques du champ sondé.Ce travail de thèse est consacré à la mise en place d'une détection hyperstectrale en champ proche optique dans le but de comprendre et de caractériser, à des échelles sublongueurs d'onde, les propriétés spectrales et spatiales de systèmes optiques miniaturisés. L'imagerie hyperstectrale fournit en une seule acquisition, une série d'image à chaque longueur d'onde dans les gammes spectrales visibles, infrarouges et aux longueurs d'onde des télécommunications optiques. Cette nouvelle technique d'imagerie a permis l'observation, sur une large bande spectrale, de phénomènes électromagnétiques dépendant de la longueur d'onde tels que les effets superprisme et mirage dans les cristaux photoniques et la mise en forme de faisceaux de Bessel plasmoniques
Étude du comportement de l'alliage de titane Ti6242S à haute température sous atmosphères complexes : applications aéronautiques by Maxime Berthaud( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The use of titanium alloys in many applications (transport, energy, chemistry,...) allows significant weight savings in relation to the good mechanical properties/density ratio of these materials. Since titanium alloys are employed at high temperatures (T>500°C), their behavior in such conditions has to be studied in severe conditions in order to understand degradation mechanisms. Moreover, some specific conditions can be met during application, like thermal cycling, water vapour or presence of salts. These parameters are known to influence oxidation behavior of titanium alloys.In this thesis work, oxidation behavior of an aeronautics titanium alloy (Ti6242S) has been studied in air and moist air at 560°C. The effect of solid salt deposits (NaCl and/or Na2SO4) on the oxidation behavior of Ti6242S alloy has also been taken into account. Ti6242S samples were oxidized at 560°C for oxidation times up to 19 000 hours with or without solid salt deposits. NaCl deposit resulted in an important deterioration of Ti6242S alloy behavior at this temperature. Oxygen dissolution in the metal was no longer observed compared to ageing in air, but internal oxidation of the alloy could be evidenced, and cracks were observed deeply into the metallic substrate after oxidation. The corrosion resistance decrease in such conditions was attributed to the presence of chlorine and formation of volatile metallic chlorides due to the presence of NaCl. A degradation mechanism based on active oxidation of Ti6242S alloy exposed to NaCl salt was proposed. The second salt deposit tested consisted in a mixed NaCl/Na2SO4 salt deposit. The harmful effect of this salt deposit on the oxidation behavior of Ti6242S alloy was lower than that of a simple NaCl deposit.Mechanical properties of Ti6242S alloy exposed to solid salt deposits at 560°C were then studied. A simple oxidation in air for 100 hours without salt deposit resulted in an important loss of ductility of the tested samples due to the presence of oxygen solid solution into the metal. The same oxidation time caused an even more important loss of ductility for the samples covered by NaCl deposits. In this case, sample failure occurred at the end of the elastic deformation domain. Elastic modulus and yield strength were also strongly decreased. Mixed NaCl/Na2SO4 deposit exhibited a lower impact on the mechanical properties of the oxidized Ti6242S sample, in accordance with the lower reactivity of Ti6242S alloy with this type of salt deposit. Mechanisms explaining Ti6242S alloy mechanical behavior in such conditions were explained in this thesis work
Nanoparticules de magnétite fonctionnalisées pour l'imagerie bimodale IRM/TEP by Guillaume Thomas( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Nanoparticules de magnétite fonctionnalisées pour l'imagerie bimodale IRM/TEPLes nanoparticules d'oxydes de fer superparamagnétiques (SPIONs en anglais) font l'objet de recherches intenses dans le domaine biomédical, notamment comme nanomédicament et agent de contraste T2 en imagerie par résonance magnétique (IRM). Au cours de cette étude, des nanoparticules de magnétite (Fe3O4) à destination de l'imagerie IRM/TEP (Tomographie par Emission de Positons) ont été développées. Dans un premier temps, des SPIONs modifiées en surface, stables et superparamagnétiques ont été synthétisées via un dispositif hydrothermal en continu. A leur surface ont été greffées, durant la synthèse, des molécules hydrophiles : l'acide citrique, la LDOPA, le DHCA et le PHA. La fonctionnalisation des nanoparticules a été optimisée en modifiant des paramètres de synthèse tels que la température et le lieu de mélange, occasionnant des modifications de morphologie, taille et phase. Dans un second temps, pour améliorer leur stabilité et furtivité, des polymères de type PolyEthylène Glycol (PEG) ont été greffés à leur surface, deux longueurs de chaîne ont été évaluées. Pour une application en TEP, des macrocycles, complexant le radionucléide 64Cu, tels que le MANOTA, le NODAGA et le DOTA ont été couplés à ces SPIONs. Les essais de radiomarquage sont concluants. Ces nanohybrides, pleinement caractérisés (MET, XPS, IR, DLS, potentiels zêta, ATG, Raman) sont très prometteurs pour le diagnostic via l'imagerie bimodale IRM/TEM, notamment le composé Fe3O4-LDOPA-NODAGA (øDLS = 85±1 nm, r2 = 197±7 mM.s-1, 87% 64Cu). Des études préliminaires de cytotoxicité et génotoxicité de SPIONs modifiés par de l'APTES ont également été réalisées via des biotests très sensibles et novateurs
Contribution à la modélisation du couplage mécanique-chimique de l'évolution de l'interface pastille-gaine sous irradiation by Jean-Baptiste Minne( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans un souci de démontrer l'intégrité de l'ensemble des crayons composant les assemblages combustibles utilisés dans les centrales nucléaires, EDF R&D développe depuis plusieurs années le code de calcul CYRANO3. Ce dernier a pour but principal de modéliser le comportement du combustible nucléaire en condition normale et incidentelle par une description "1,5D" du crayon. Cette thèse, fruit d'une collaboration entre EDF R&D, le CEA et l'Université de Bourgogne, s'inscrit dans une démarche d'intégration dans CYRANO3 du phénomène de corrosion interne de la gaine qui pourrait influer sur le comportement de concepts de couples pastille-gaine à l'étude chez EDF. En effet, lors de la combustion en réacteur nucléaire à eau pressurisée (REP), le gonflement de la pastille associé au fluage en compression de la gaine conduit à la fermeture du jeu pastille-gaine et à l'établissement d'un contact fort. Conjointement à l'évolution de ce contact, une couche de zircone d'environ 10 µm d'épaisseur se développe en face interne de gaine, d'abord localement, puis s'étend de plus en plus. D'après les examens métallographiques, il apparaît que c'est à cause de cette couche de zircone que la pastille et la gaine adhèrent à fort taux de combustion, constituant le phénomène de corrosion interne.\\L'objectif principal de cette thèse est d'identifier les mécanismes prépondérants qui mènent, après formation, à la croissance de cette couche, dans l'optique d'apporter une aide à l'analyse de différents couples pastille-gaine. Pour cela, il s'avère pertinent, dans un premier temps, d'utiliser un modèle thermodynamique couplant la mécanique et la diffusion d'oxygène dans la gaine, afin de simuler les interactions mécano-chimiques pastille-gaine qui accompagnent le développement de la couche de zircone interne. Il apparaît que le rôle des contraintes mécaniques est surtout lié aux propriétés de la gaine et non à l'interaction mécanique entre la pastille et la gaine.\\Un composant informatique est ensuite créé. Il permet de simuler la cinétique de croissance de zircone interne, basée sur une transposition 1D de la modélisation précédente, ainsi que la migration balistique des produits de fission. Associé à l'environnement de calcul thermochimique d'EDF R&D, qui intègre un code de neutronique et un code de thermochimie, il est utilisé en post-traitement de CYRANO3 pour analyser 3 concepts de gainage industriel (gaine standard, gaine pré-oxydée, gaine avec liner) dans leurs conditions de fonctionnement normal en REP vis-à-vis du phénomène de corrosion interne. Les résultats obtenus montrent l'intérêt d'analyser finement les comportements mécaniques et chimiques de l'interface pastille-gaine afin de différencier ces 3 concepts de gaine vis-à-vis de leurs propriétés d'adhérence avec la pastille. Cette étude ouvre ainsi la porte à des investigations expérimentales plus poussées ainsi qu'à l'enrichissement de la modélisation proposée
Carbure de silicium pour application blindage : élaboration et étude du comportement à l'impact by Gilles Rossiquet( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les matériaux céramiques sont des composants incontournables dans les blindages antibalistiques multicouches. Leur faible densité, typiquement deux à trois fois inférieure à celle de l'acier, combinée à une très haute résistance en compression les rends essentiel pour des applications d'armures légères. Le carbure de silicium est un matériau prometteur pour cette application en raison de sa faible densité et de sa dureté élevée en comparaison des autres céramiques. L'étude du lien entre la microstructure du matériau et son processus de fragmentation pendant l'impact est une étape importante afin d'optimiser les céramiques pour les applications de protection balistique.Quatre nuances de carbure de silicium denses avec différentes microstructures ont été étudiées, dont trois élaborées au cours de ces travaux. Pour cela, deux modes de frittage ont été utilisés (frittage en phase solide et frittage en phase liquide) ainsi que deux procédés de frittage (frittage naturel et frittage flash). Un soin particulier a été porté aux diverses étapes de la fabrication afin de produire des microstructures homogènes et denses. Des pièces de taille satisfaisante pour l'application ont été réalisées pour chaque nuance. Elles ont été soumises à des caractérisations microstructurales (microscopie électronique à balayage et en transmission, diffraction des rayons X, cartographie élémentaire, analyses chimiques) et mécaniques en quasi-statique (dureté, ténacité, contrainte à la rupture, module de Weibull) et en dynamique. La fragmentation dynamique des carbures de silicium a été étudiée grâce à des essais utilisant une configuration d'impact sur la tranche. Une première configuration a permis d'observer la phénoménologie et la chronologie de l'endommagement du matériau grâce à une caméra ultra-rapide. Une seconde configuration 'sarcophage' a permis d'observer la fragmentation des matériaux, c'est-à-dire le motif et la densité de fissuration des cibles. Il a été observé que la microstructure joue un rôle clef sur l'intensité de l'endommagement subit par la céramique pendant l'impact. Une bonne adéquation avec des simulations utilisant le modèle d'endommagement anisotrope Denoual-Forquin-Hild (DFH) a été mise en évidence. Une autre configuration expérimentale mettant en oeuvre un double impact sur une même cible a été utilisée afin de caractériser la résistance de la céramique endommagée. En parallèle, des essais balistiques avec des munitions 7,62x54mmR API B32 et 7,62x51mm AP8 ont été réalisés. La microstructure des céramiques a montré jouer un rôle important sur la performance balistique
Etude de formation d'hémicarbure de tantale (Ta2C) par l'intermédiaire d'un procédé de cémentation sous pression réduite by Dominique Cotton( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Tantalum is a very dense metal (d = 16.6) and has a very high melting temperature of 2996°C. This material is particularly required for crucibles used for pyrochemical applications. Early studies show that a carburizing treatment enhances corrosion resistance from liquid metals. Indeed, the intergranular attack of tantalum is stopped by Ta2C precipitates, which occupy the grain boundary regions. The production of the carbon saturated tantalum with Ta2C precipitates requires a good understanding of tantalum carburizing.A carburizing treatment on tantalum sample causes the emergence of a TaC layer on surface and Ta2C layer just below. A reduction of carbon flow has enabled the study of the first steps of tantalum carbides formation. This specific condition of carburizing leads to an epitaxic growth of carbide layers on tantalum substrate. EBSD analysis highlights the crystallographic relations between each phase.Tantalum carbide layers are highly carbon concentrated. So the growth of carbide layers has to be controlled during the carburizing treatment. Several parameters may affect carbide layers growth : process parameters (time and temperature of carburizing treatment) and external parameters such as the reactive surface of the samples. The influence of these parameters on tantalum carbide growth kinetics has been studied. In addition, the diffusion of carbon in tantalum has been modeled with CASTEM© software. Experimental data are used to compute parameters of the model, such as carbon diffusion coefficient in tantalum.Other microstructures than TaC can be obtained on surface by applying an annealing treatment after carburizing. With this treatment, the carbon contained on surface diffuses to the bulk of the metal. Annealing treatment parameters have been determined to get on surface TaC, or Ta2C, or carbon saturated tantalum with Ta2C precipitates
 
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Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France). Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne (Dijon)

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France). Unité mixte de recherche (6303)

ICB

UMR 6303

UMR CNRS 6303

UMR6303

Université de Bourgogne. Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne

Université de Technologie Belfort-Montbéliard. Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne

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French (34)

English (6)