WorldCat Identities

Garis, Len

Overview
Works: 74 works in 145 publications in 1 language and 1,476 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Len Garis
Targeted residential fire risk reduction : a summary of at-risk areas in Canada by Len Garis( )

7 editions published in 2016 in English and Undetermined and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Assessing the safety of smart meter installations in British Columbia : analysis of residential structure fires in BC between July 2010 and June 2012 by Len Garis( )

7 editions published between 2012 and 2016 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In June of 2011, BC Hydro commenced implementation of its Smart Metering Program, which involved converting every residential property in BC from legacy metering to wireless technology smart meters. This Smart Metering Program involves replacing existing electrical meters that are now becoming obsolete, with a comprehensive wireless smart metering system. ... A range of issues have been publicly discussed with respect to smart meters, the most recent of which has drawn links between these new apparatus and residential structure fires. As a result, two specific questions have emerged and underscore this report: 1. Has there been an increase in the frequency of residential structure fires in British Columbia, specifically caused by electricity and that may be associated with the deployment of smart meters? 2. Has there been an increase in the frequency of residential fires in the province in the presence of a marijuana grow operation?"--Page 1
Sprinkler systems and fire outcomes in multi-level residential buildings by Len Garis( )

4 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper summarizes the findings from an evaluation of the historical fire protection performance of sprinkler systems in multi-level residential buildings in British Columbia (BC), with the intent of anticipating how the fire safety systems should perform in six-story mid-rise wood-frame buildings, permitted in BC since 2009
Smoke alarms work, but not forever : posing the challenge of adopting multifaceted, sustained, interagency responses to ensuring the presence of a functioning smoke alarm by Len Garis( )

4 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A case is made for pursuing a comprehensive, whole-of-government commitment to ensuring every dwelling in Canada possesses a present, functioning smoke alarm. Achieving this goal will require a comprehensive, consistent, continuing effort from a range of stakeholders
Sprinkler systems and residential structure fires : exploring the impact of sprinklers for life safety and fire spread by Len Garis( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this study was to examine fire-related casualties, fire outcomes, and casualty behaviour for fires that occurred in residential properties, and to compare fires that occurred in buildings completely protected by sprinkler systems with those fires that occurred in buildings without any sprinkler protection
What the marihuana for medical purposes regulations overlook : disclosure and remediation of inappropriately used dwellings by Len Garis( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Marihuana Medical Access Regulations (MMAR), which are administered by Health Canada, permit Canadians access to marihuana for medical use provided they have been deemed to require this medical treatment by a physician. These regulations enable individuals to (a) grow marihuana, (b) empower a third-party to grow marihuana on their behalf, or (c) purchase marihuana from Health Canada. To address a range of key stakeholders concerns identified with the MMAR, Health Canada has gazetted a proposed revised framework entitled the Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR), the main objectives of which would be to phase out individual licences to grow and focus the scheme on licenced commercial producers. This paper outlines the motivation underlying the proposed changes and then explains why the revisions fail to address the need to repair buildings that will almost certainly have been damaged as a result of inappropriate, agricultural use permitted by the MMAR. The paper concludes by arguing that in order to completely address the health and safety issues that will have arisen through the MMAR, a comprehensive process is also required for the disclosure and remediation of the structures that have been utilized by licence holders to produce medical marihuana under the existing regulations
Examining ""Regular"" Fire-Safety Inspections : the Missing Relationship between Timing of Inspection and Fire Outcome by Len Garis( )

3 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report examines the relationship between duration since the most recent fire safety inspection and the outcomes of the fires, with respect to frequency, extent of fire spread, and fire-related casualty. Based on a sample of over 4,000 fires reported to the British Columbia (BC) Office of the Fire Commissioner (1999 to 2003), covering reporting areas across the whole province (168 areas)
Community response to marijuana grow operations : a guide towards promising practices by Len Garis( )

4 editions published between 2009 and 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Growing marijuana in Canada continues to be a lucrative business, estimated at $6 billion per year in British Columbia alone. RCMP statistics have shown that the number of marijuana plants seized across Canada between 1993 and 2007 increased eight-fold, from about 238,000 plants in 1993 to almost 1.9 million per year in 2007. During that same time frame, the amount of marijuana seized grew almost seven-fold, from 7,314 kilograms to 49,918 kilograms. About 90% of the seizures occurred in British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec, although some displacement of grow operations to the Prairies and the Maritimes occurred
Fires that commence on balconies of multi-residential buildings : the importance of an external fire area of origin for residential fire outcomes by Len Garis( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this study was to examine the significance of fires that occur on the exterior of multi-residential buildings. This research was motivated by the findings of previous investigations into sprinkler systems and the storage of propane in these types of buildings, which suggested there are existing vulnerabilities associated with fires that commence in external, recreational areas such as balconies and patios
Propane-fuelled vehicles and multi-residential building storage risk : examining the frequency of propane-fuelled structure and vehicle fires by Jennifer Armstrong( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There are 2.7 million vehicles on the road in British Columbia [1], and 99.7% of them are fuelled by either diesel or gasoline. The remaining 0.3% of the vehicles on the road are fuelled either by electricity, natural gas, propane or an 85% ethanol/gasoline blend. Importantly, while there are many reasons to support the use of propane as an alternative fuel, the focus of this report is based on an on-going matter of policy regarding the parking of vehicles that are fuelled by propane in underground parking areas. There is a concern over policy in North America associated with fire-risk with the storage of propane-fuelled vehicles in the underground storage areas of multi-residential buildings. This research note explores this issue from a quantitative perspective, examining data provided by the British Columbia (BC) Office of the Fire Commissioner (OFC) to retrospectively examine the frequency of propane-related fire incidents that occurred in multi-residential buildings
Taller wood buildings and fire safety : existing evidence about large wood contruction by Paul Maxim( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recently, Vancouver architect, Michael Green, issued a report entitled Tall Wood, arguing that skyscrapers and other tall buildings should use more wood as a primary construction material. His argument is that wood is up to the task, is less polluting, and is more environmentally sustainable than the materials currently used. Green's (2012) buildings would employ "massive timber" elements such as cross laminated timber, laminated strand lumber, and laminated veneer lumber. Green is not suggesting that these tall building be of wood only. Rather, he is arguing that mass timber be integrated with other commonly-used structural materials such as concrete and steel
The non-random nature of fire safety inspection compliance : a platform for predicting fire risk by Len Garis( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document outlines the logic for rethinking the current approach to conducting fire safety inspections in BC municipalities. Regardless as to how this problem is approached, there are two fundamental reasons for conducting fire safety inspections: To limit the incidence of fires, by rectifying situations posing an increased risk of fires occurring. To achieve this end, inspections intend to alter the human habits/behaviours and the physical components of buildings that elevate the risk of causing fires. To limit the risk posed by fires when they occur by evaluating whether a structure has the required fire-related tools and techniques in place to limit damage and risk should a fire occur. These risk-limitation tools aim to maximize life safety and restrict the spread of fire, and may include fire detection systems (e.g., smoke alarms and other forms of early detection), fire suppression systems (e.g., fire extinguishers and sprinkler systems), means of egress (e.g., exit doors and fire escapes) and basic fire safety awareness (e.g., fire safety plan designed to influence behaviour before, during, and after a fire)
Eliminating residential marijuana grow operations : an alternate approach : a report on Surrey, British Columbia's Electrical Fire and Safety Investigation Initiative by Len Garis( )

4 editions published between 2005 and 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When one system fails to solve a problem, the logical approach is to either change it or augment it. In B.C., the sheer number of marijuana grow operations, promoted by a climate of high reward and low risk, have overwhelmed the criminal justice system. The multi-agency development of the Electrical and Fire Safety Inspection (EFSI) Initiative that began in fall 2004 was a reaction to the current system's inability to control the proliferation of grow operations and the many public safety hazards associated with them. This report introduces the EFSI program, an alternative approach to dealing with grow operations that puts public safety above criminal prosecution. EFSI is not intended to replace the criminal justice system, but rather to complement it
Regulatory options to prevent the unsafe use of high-powered hydroponic equipment by Len Garis( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this research is to: 1. Draw attention to the ongoing public safety threat associated with the unsupervised and unsafe installation and use of hydroponics equipment in homes in British Columbia for growing marihuana along with legal crops such as flowers and vegetables. 2. Outline regulatory options for ensuring hydroponics equipment is installed and used safely and legally in B.C. homes
Report on the feasibility of a Canadian National Fire Information Database by Paul Maxim( )

3 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This document examines the feasibility of creating a National Fire Information Database for Canada. In pursuing this, we examined what data are currently collected and the structure of organizations responsible for maintaining national databases in other countries
Ensuring the safe installation of hydroponics equipment : a discussion paper by Len Garis( )

3 editions published between 2010 and 2013 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Across B.C., high-wattage hydroponics equipment is being used in private homes to grow marijuana (both legally and illegally), along with orchids, tomatoes and various other organic crops. If installed incorrectly, the high-wattage bulbs, ballasts and other devices bring a highrisk of fire and electrocution to the occupants, their neighbours and to emergency responders. However, despite these public safety risks, there is no means to ensure regulation of the use of hydroponics equipment in residential settings
Reframing situational awareness within the fire service culture : literature review inspired by the Surrey Fire Service, British Columbia by Martha Dow( )

5 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The purpose of this project was to examine the literature related to situational awareness (SA) with a view to understanding how the fire service might better position itself to improve the SA of all of its members. The literature is consistent and explicit in its assertion that SA and its relationship to decision-making are critical components within the fire service context. What is less clear is how the SA of firefighters can be strengthened. This review explores the context within which this question must be posed"--Page 3
Targeting marihuana growing operations in British Columbia : a summary report highlighting current research findings by Jordan Diplock( )

3 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This project involves the cataloguing of much of the research that has focused on the problems of marihuana growing operations, highlighting the multiple facets of responses to this problem. The purpose of this report is to summarize this research in order to both document the various approaches used and identify the areas in which further action is needed"--Introduction
Revisiting the safety of smart meter installations in British Columbia analysis of residential structure fires in BC between July 2010 and June 2013 by Len Garis( )

4 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In June of 2011, BC Hydro commenced implementation of its Smart Metering Program, which involved converting every residential property in BC from legacy metering to wireless technology smart meters. This Smart Metering Program involves replacing existing electrical meters that are now becoming obsolete, with a comprehensive wireless smart metering system. ... A range of issues have been publicly discussed with respect to smart meters, the most recent of which has drawn links between these new apparatus and residential structure fires. As a result, two specific questions have emerged and these are the focus of this report: 1. Has there been an increase in the frequency of residential structure fires in BC, specifically caused by electricity and that may be associated with the deployment of smart meters? 2. Has there been an increase in the frequency of residential fires in the province in the presence of a marijuana grow operation?"--page 1
Revisiting the issues around commercially viable indoor marihuana growing operations in British Columbia by Darryl Plecas( )

3 editions published between 2000 and 2013 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Media reports of law enforcement efforts targeted at marihuana growing operations or 'grow ops' in British Columbia has come to be so common in recent years we can appreciate why many people might have started taking them for granted. Indeed, any new media report about grow ops almost seems like old news. Further, while these reports will from time to time give attention to the violence, organized crime activity, and other harms associated to one aspect or another of marihuana industry in the province, few of them really get into the details. Consequently, most British Columbians might have some sense that marihuana growing operations are a problem, but they do not get a level of the information that would be helpful to fully appreciating why grow ops in British Columbia are an extremely serious matter
 
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English (67)