WorldCat Identities

École doctorale Carnot-Pasteur (Besançon / Dijon) (2012-....).

Overview
Works: 280 works in 494 publications in 2 languages and 491 library holdings
Roles: Other, Degree grantor, 996
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by École doctorale Carnot-Pasteur (Besançon / Dijon) (2012-....).
ZnO(core)/TiO2(shell) composites: influence of TiO2 microstructure, N-doping and decoration with Au nanoparticles on photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical activity = Układy hybrydowe ―ZnO(rdzeń)/TiO2(powłoka): wpływ mikrostruktury TiO2, domieszkowania azotem i obecności nanocząstek Au na aktywność fotokatalityczną i fotoelektrochemiczną układu = Composites ZnO(coeur)/TiO2(coquille): influence de la microstructure de TiO2, du dopage par azote et de la décoration avec des nanoparticules d‘or sur l'activité photocatalytique et photoélectrochimique by Maciej Kwiatkowski( )

3 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of the thesis is to study the influence of microstructure of ZnO/TiO2 composites on their properties in photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants, and in photoassisted water oxidation. To realize such study we chose the design based on ZnO nanorods supported on ITO (Indium Tin Oxide)-coated glass electrode. The ZnO nanorods were then covered with a layer of TiO2 under different conditions. The composition and microstructure of the obtained ZnO(core)/TiO2(shell) composites were modified in the aim to elucidate how these parameters influence their photocatalytic activity. The results of studies lead to elaboration of two most distinctive variants of sol-gel procedure that allow to deposit TiO2 layers of controlled thicknesses and different morphology (rugged or compact). The composite containing the rugged TiO2 layer was shown to possess significantly higher activity in MB degradation and in photoassisted H2O oxidation under 400 nm. This improved photoactivity was attributed to a higher porosity and better accessibility of ZnO/TiO2 interface region through the rugged TiO2 layer by the reagents. The effort was also made to enhance the visible light activity of the composites. To this aim the composites consisting of ITO-supported ZnO nanorods covered with nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide and decorated with Au nanoparticles. It was found that even a low Au loading (0.37% at.) resulted in 60% enhancement of photocatalytic decolorization of MB under visible light with respect to the Au-free sample owing to plasmonic effects. A simultaneous N-doping and Au decoration allowed also to multiply by three the photocurrent in photoassited water oxidation
Contrôlabilité de systèmes gouvernés par des équations aux dérivées partielles by Karine Mauffrey( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Controllability of systems governed by partial differential equations
Propriétés et performances de phosphines ferrocéniques dans le couplage C-O, C-S et C-N : nouvelles méthodologies de synthèse au palladium by Mélanie Platon( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Multidentate ligands usually show great activities in low loading organometallic catalysis in palladium. Among these ligands, the use of ferrocenyl polyphosphane ligands give interesting results. Robust palladium-ferrocenyl triphosphane catalytic systems have permitted to obtain biarylamines and aryl-heteroaryl ethers in the presence of low catalytic loadings. DFT studies on catalytic cycle during formation of aryl-heteroaryl ethers were carried out. The presence of third phosphino group stabilizes a transition state which enhances the rate of the reductive elimination. Triarylamines were obtained with ferrocenyl diphosphane in the presence of 2 mol% of palladium loading. Moderate to excellent results were obtained. Finally, aryl-heteroaryl sulfides were obtained with excellent results with ferrocenyl tetraphosphane ligand in the presence of 0.2 mol% of palladium
Effets dynamiques et conformationnels sur le rôle de transport des albumines sériques by Guillaume Paris( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'albumine sérique humaine (HSA) est une protéine connue pour ses propriétés de transport exceptionnelles et son contenu élevé en ponts disulfure. L'étude de sa dynamique conformationnelle représente un défi important dans la compréhension de ses fonctions physiologiques. Le but de notre travail a été d'étudier cette dynamique conformationnelle et de comprendre le rôle des ponts disulfure dans le maintien de la structure native de la protéine. Notre analyse est basée sur des simulations de dynamique moléculaire couplées à des analyses par composantes principales. Outre la validation de la méthode de simulation les résultats fournissent de nouveaux éclairages sur les principaux effets de la réduction des ponts disulfure dans les albumines sériques. Les processus de dépliement/repliement protéique ont été détaillés. La prédiction de la structure réduite d'équilibre a également fait l'objet d'une attention particulière. Une étude détaillée de la dynamique conformationnelle globale de la protéine ainsi que celle des deux sites principaux de complexation a été effectuée. D'éventuels effets allostériques entre ces deux sites ont été recherchés. Les résultats théoriques obtenus ont été discutés avec les données expérimentales disponibles
Etude des différents polymorphes de l'alumine et des phases transitoires apparaissant lors des premiers stades d'oxydation de l'aluminium : simulation à l'échelle atomique par un modèle à charges variables en liaisons fortes by Nicolas Salles( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The goal of this work is to develop a new SMTB-Q potential in order to study the early stages of the oxidation of aluminium by molecular dynamics (MD).Our potential is able to model different alumina polymorphs as well as transitions from the amorphous state to a crystalline phase. Our approach couples a covalent term with the charge. It uses Rapp_ and Goddard scheme for the electrostatic part and the model of alternating network developed by C. Noguera for the covalent part.The SMTB-Q potential was validated with a Monte Carlo approach. This study shows that the potential SMTB-Q gives satisfactory results for the Al-O bonding in different atomic configurations. The bonding results from the competition between three energy contributions: electrostatic, covalent and Pauli repulsion between the oxygens.After implementation in the LAMMPS software, the potential SMTB-Q is used to study by DM constant stoichiometry oxides. Alumina phase transitions are observed under high pressure and temperature. We also introduce the metallic bonding in the potential. The superposition of the iono-covalent and metallic bonds was investigated for metal / oxide systems. Finally, we discuss the formalism of the SMTB-Q potential to take into account the change of stoichiometry in the oxide
Etude de croissances de nanostructures de TiO2 en réacteur MOCVD en présence de catalyseurs métalliques. Valorisation des nanostructures de TiO2 by Andreea Crisbasan( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Within the Nanoform Theme, Ax Nanosciences, ICB, we realize the growth of 1D, 2D and 3D hybrid nanostructures based on TiO2 by MOCVD. Our work deals with the theoretical aspect of the formation of these nanostructures (growth and kinetic models, structure and texture) and the study of photoelectric, optical and physicochemical properties as well as the development of applications of these structures in physics (random laser), photocatalysis, energy (solar cells). Under certain perfectly controlled conditions, we obtain original TiO2 structures not yet described in the literature: membranes, rods , canals, crucibles, COHN (COaxiales Heterostructures Nanowires). Our previous work made it possible to identify the probable origin of these structures: use of ferromagnetic catalysts in the presence of induction heating. The study of this mechanism is totally new
Functional and harmonic analysis of noncommutative Lp spaces associated to compact quantum groups by Xumin Wang( )

2 editions published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis is devoted to studying the analysis on compact quantum groups. It consists of two parts. First part presents the classification of invariant quantum Markov semigroups on these quantum homogeneous spaces. The generators of these semigroups are viewed as Laplace operators on these spaces.The classical sphere, the free sphere, and the half-liberated sphere are considered as examples and the generators of Markov semigroups on these spheres are classified. We compute spectral dimensions for the three families of spheres based on the asymptotic behavior of the eigenvalues of their Laplace operator.In the second part, we study of convergence of Fourier series for non-abelian groups and quantum groups. It is well-known that a number of approximation properties of groups can be interpreted as some summation methods and mean convergence of associated noncommutative Fourier series. We establish a general criterion of maximal inequalities for approximative identities of noncommutative Fourier multipliers. As a result, we prove that for any countable discrete amenable group, there exists a sequence of finitely supported positive definite functions, so that the associated Fourier multipliers on noncommutative Lp-spaces satisfy the pointwise convergence. Our results also apply to the almost everywhere convergence of Fourier series of Lp-functions on non-abelian compact groups. On the other hand, we obtain the dimension free bounds of noncommutative Hardy-Littlewood maximal inequalities in the operator-valued Lp space associated with convex bodies
Chaos dynamique dans le problème à trois corps restreint by Guillaume Rollin( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work is devoted to the study of the restricted 3-body problem and particularly to the capture-evolution-ejection process of particles by binary systems (star-planet, binary star, star-supermassive black hole, binary black hole, ...). First, using a generalized Kepler map, we describe, through the case of 1P/Halley, the chaotic dynamics of comets in the Solar System. The here considered binary system is the couple Sun-Jupiter. The symplectic application we use allows us to depict the main characteristics of the dynamics: chaotic trajectories, KAM islands associated to resonances with Jupiter orbital motion, ... We determine exactly and semi-analytically the exchange of energy (kick function) between the Solar System and 1P/Halley at its passage at perihelion. This kick function is the sum of the contributions of 3-body problems Sun-planet-comet associated to the eight planets. We show that each one of these contributions can be split in a keplerian term associated to the planet gravitational potential and a dipolar term due to the Sun movement around Solar System center of mass. We also use the generalized Kepler map to study the capture of dark matter particles by binary systems. We derive the capture cross section showing that long range capture is far more efficient than close encounter induced capture. We show the importance of the rotation velocity of the binary in the capture process. Particularly, a binary system with an ultrafast rotation velocity accumulates a density of captured matter up to 10^4 times the density of the incoming flow of matter. Finally, by direct integration of the planar restricted 3-body problem equations of motion, we study the ejection of particles initially captured by a binary system. In the case of a binary with two components of comparable masses, although almost all the particles are immediately ejected, we show, on Poincaré sections, that the trace of remaining particles in the vicinity of the binary form a fractal structure associated to a strange repeller associated to chaotic open systems. This fractal structure, also present in real space, has a shape of two arm spiral sharing similarities with spiral structures observed in galaxies such as the Milky Way
Analyse d'image hyperspectrale by Adrien Faivre( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation addresses hyperspectral image analysis, a set of techniques enabling exploitation of micro-spectroscopy images. Images produced by these sensors constitute cubic arrays, meaning that every pixel in the image is actually a spectrum.The size of these images, which is often quite large, calls for an upgrade for classical image analysis algorithms.We start out our investigation with clustering techniques. The main idea is to regroup every spectrum contained in a hyperspectralimage into homogeneous clusters. Spectrums taken across the image can indeed be generated by similar materials, and hence display spectral signatures resembling each other. Clustering is a commonly used method in data analysis. It belongs nonetheless to a class of particularly hard problems to solve, named NP-hard problems. The efficiency of a few heuristics used in practicewere poorly understood until recently. We give theoretical arguments guaranteeing success when the groups studied displaysome statistical property.We then study unmixing techniques. The objective is no longer to decide to which class a pixel belongs, but to understandeach pixel as a mix of basic signatures supposed to arise from pure materials. The mathematical underlying problem is again NP-hard.After studying its complexity, and suggesting two lengthy relaxations, we describe a more practical way to constrain the problemas to obtain regularized solutions.We finally give an overview of other hyperspectral image analysis methods encountered during this thesis, amongst whomare independent component analysis, non-linear dimension reduction, and regression against a spectrum library
Géométrie de la projectivisation des idéaux et applications aux problèmes de birationalité by Rémi Bignalet-Cazalet( )

2 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this thesis, we interpret geometrically the torsion of the symmetric algebra of the ideal sheaf I_Z of a scheme Z defined by n+1 equations in an n-dimensional variety. This is equivalent to study the geometry of the projectivization of I_Z. The applications of this point of view concern, in particular, the topic of birational maps of the projective space of dimension 3 for which we construct explicit birational maps that have the same algebraic degree as their inverse, free and nearly-free curves for which we generalise a characterization of free curves by extending the notion of Milnor and Tjurina numbers. We tackle also the topic of homaloidal hypersurfaces, our original motivation, for which we produce in particular a homaloidal curve of degree 5 in characteristic 3. The last application concerns the computation of the inverse of a birational map
Synthesis and studies of new optimised chelating agents for targeting chemokine receptor CXCR4 by Pauline Désogère( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of this thesis work was to develop CXCR4-targeted tools to localize and treat cancer at an early stage. In this line, we investigated the synthesis of new target-specific radiopharmaceuticals. The work focused on two main axes, i.e. the chelating agent and the carrier, by using the know-how and the expertise of our group in polyazacycloalkanes synthesis and functionalization. In the first part, we were interested in developing new macrocyclic scaffolds of high potential for copper and gallium chelation. We first focused on the development of a new powerful route towards selectively functionalized constrained homocyclens. The second part was based on C-functionalized 1,4,7-triazacyclononane (TACN) and its derivatives. From a synthetic route previously developed in our group, we were able to facilitate and optimize the synthesis of selectively N- and C-functionalized TACN. By varying the grafting functions and the pendant coordinating arms, we prepared several really promising bifunctional chelating agents for copper and gallium chelation. We also investigated the synthesis of new cryptands based on cyclen and we studied their properties towards copper complexation. In the second part of this thesis work, we were interested in generating a new family of imaging agents based on well-known CXCR4 antagonists, i.e. AMD3100 and AMD3465. The access towards these agents first required the preparation of original building blocks by modification of the AMD3100 and AMD3465 cores. The conjugation of such platforms onto the appropriate probe enabled the synthesis of various systems for optical and nuclear imaging. Thus, we were able to introduce a bodipy dye and several chelators adapted for gallium, copper and indium chelation
Le dioxyde de titane : un matériau nouveau pour la photonique à 1.55 µm et à 2 µm by Manon Lamy( )

2 editions published in 2018 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the next decades, the limits of current optical communication systems will be reached unless new solutions are adopted. On of them is the use of a new spectral range around 2 µm enabled by the emergence of thulium-doped fiber amplifiers. In this thesis, we will focus on it in the context of very short distances transmissions on photonic chips. Various materials, mainly titanium dioxide (TiO2), will be explored.This thesis work has two main objectives. On the one hand, it aims to demonstrate that a material relatively unexplored, titanium dioxide, is promising for telecom applications by comparing it to more mature plateforms. On the other hand, it tends to introduce the spectral band around 2 µm as a solution to be considered for next-generation communications.More precisely, the first part of this thesis aims to develop a technique to efficiently couple light in TiO2 structures. For the first time, a configuration using a buried metallic grating was evaluated numerically and then characterized experimentally. The second part presents error-free high-speed (10 Gbit/s) telecom transmissions around 2 µm carried out in subwavelength or multimode waveguides in titanium dioxide, silicon or silicon-germanium. Finally, nonlinear functions are explored on the photonic chips. Thus, it has been demonstrated a wavelength conversion at 2 µm reaching -10dB on a silicon waveguide or the first supercontinuum generation spreading from visible to 2 µm wavelength in a TiO2 waveguide
Nouvelles dynamiques en cavité laser à fibre dopée : auto organisation et lois d'échelles : application à la génération expérimentale d'impulsions ultracourtes à haute cadence contrôlée en cavité laser à fibre dopée by Rachid Si Fodil( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Non-linear effects, which depend essentially on the intensity of the electric field of the wave and the guide, are essential for the generation of pulse regimes in doped fiber lasers. The Kerr effect, which occurs regardless of the propagation and pumping energy, will generate the phenomenon of phase auto modulation (SPM), which will result in a spectral expansion. The SPM can also be seen in the interaction between the two waves that propagate along the slow and fast axes of the guide (XPM). In a passive uniform guide, this self-phase modulation in combination with the chromatic dispersion of the guide can lead to the soliton pulse, but this framework must be largely overcome to address pulse shaping in a dissipative system, such as a laser cavity. This extended framework is that of the dissipative soliton. In this work, we reviewed doped optical fiber as an active medium. We presented the physical principle of mode blocking, introducing the virtual saturable absorber based on the non-linear evolution of polarization (ENLP). In the experimental part, we focused more particularly on new high rate dynamics (multi-GHz) of a doped fiber laser with blocked modes. Before presenting and positioning our work, we first focused on what was published on the generation of ultra-short high speed pulse trains. We studied each configuration, ranging from the generation of high-rate harmonic regime by blocking the usual modes to techniques using modulation instability with interferometric filtering (µcavity, F.P, SFBG). In assessing the opportunities for each, we were attracted by the configuration of Mao, published in Sci. Reports, all fiber, which will be the first part of our experimental contribution. Indeed, initially we resumed the work of Mao et al. where the MZI is taken in series in the fundamental cavity. In order to provide more stability, we have proposed another configuration where the MZI is caught in a recirculation loop that will allow more filtering of the cavity modes in phase. This stability of the impulse regime, at high repetition rate, was observed in real time
High-resolution FTIR spectra analysis of sulfur dioxide isotopologues by Valeriya Zamotaeva( )

2 editions published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this thesis we considered the spectral properties of the sulfur dioxide. The experimental FTIR spectra of numerous sulfur dioxide isotopologues, 32S16O2, 34S16O2, 32S18O2 and 32S16O18O, were first recorded in the regions of fundamental, «hot», combination and overtone bands. The wide variability of the experimental conditions gave possibility to observe and identify for the first time transitions be¬ longing to the following of ro-vibrational bands: 3v2, 3v2 - v2, 2v2 - v2 bands of 32S16O2; 2v2 - v2 band of 34S16O2; v1 + v2, v2 + v3, v1 + v3, 2v1, 2v3 bands of 32S18O2; v1, v3, 2v1, v1 + v3, 2v3 bands of 32S16O18O. The inverse spectroscopic problems were solved for the studied states with the «rms»-deviation comparable to the experimental uncertainty of the spectral line position. As a result of the analysis about 38 000 ro-vibrational transitions belonging to 17 excited vibrational states were identified for the first time. The obtained highly accurate data on all sulfur dioxide isotopologues were used to correct the parameters of the IPF
Modification de membranes par des films polymères : Application à la décontamination de solutions aqueuses contenant des ions métalliques by Mohd Akmali Mokhter( )

2 editions published in 2017 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this work is to study the efficiency of a decontamination method allowing theremoval of metallic ions (Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+) by using chemically modified organic ultrafiltrationmembranes.The first functionalization method used to modify membranes is called layer-by-layer method.It consists in the formation of a multilayer film on the surface of the membrane thanks to the alternateadsorption of polyelectrolytes having an opposite charge (poly(allylamine hydrochloride) andpoly(styrene sulfonate)). The properties of these modified membranes and the properties of the polymerfilm are then characterized. After that, the filtration performances of the modified membranes are testedby filtering the aqueous solutions containing either single ion or mixed-ions solutions. The long-termperformance of the modified membranes is also studied to demonstrate their capacity to filter thepolluted solutions several times successively. The filtration technique is then coupled with adsorptionon the modified silica particles, in order to increase the retention rates of metallic ions after the filtrationprocess. This results in a very performant two-steps treatment.The second functionalization method used is the plasma polymerization. Thus, poly(allylamine)films are deposited on membranes using this technique with various operating conditions. It is shownthat the use of a low plasma power during the polymerization leads to the films containing the highestamount of amines, which allow the membranes modified with this film to be very efficient to removemetallic ions from aqueous solutions thanks to the chelation properties of amines towards such ions
Synthèse de nanoparticules mésoporeuses de silice et encapsulation du cisplatine en vue du ciblage des traitements de chimiothérapie anticancéreuse by Mathieu Varache( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this PhD thesis is to elaborate mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) able to sustain the release of cisplatin into the intracellular compartments of solid tumors. The parametric study shows that morphological, structural and textural properties of MSNs-MCM-41, synthesized by sol-gel reaction by using TEOS as a silica source and CTAB as a structure-directing agent, depend on pH, stirring speed, temperature and extraction process of CTAB. The synthesis atmosphere has to be controlled in order to avoid the presence of ethanol and carbonate species which are responsible of necks between particles generating unstable suspensions of MSNs.MSNs were functionalized in order to control the interactions between cisplatin and MSNs or to improve their colloidal stability in physiological media.Various silanated organic molecules (APTES, TESP, MPTES, CEST) and neutral or ionised polymers were grafted into the MSNs using a co-condensation approach or a postsynthetic functionalization method while keeping structural and textural properties of MSNs unchanged.The amount of cisplatin encapsulated by using impregnation are higher than those obtained by using adsorption and depend on MSNs fonctionalization. MSNs grafted by PEI allow a sustained drug release and cytotoxic effects similar to cisplatin. In vitro assays show that MSNs devoid of cisplatin are not cytotoxic up to 200 µg/mL. Confocal microscopy study reveals that MSNs internalization is efficient after about 2h of contact with cells
New cationic group 4 metallocenes as potential organometallic frustrated Lewis pairs : synthesis, reactivity and catalysis by Quentin Bonnin( )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le concept de “paires frustrées de Lewis” (plus communément désignés par l'acronyme anglais FLPs) a suscité un vif intérêt depuis sa formulation en 2006. Initialement décrit à partir d'une phosphine encombrée comme base de Lewis et d'un borane comme acide de Lewis pour l'activation coopérative d'hydrogène sans métal, ce concept a été ensuite très largement développé en utilisant divers éléments du groupe principal (N/B, P/Al, N/Al ...). Le concept a ensuite été étendu aux métaux de transitions pour pallier cette faiblesse: sont ainsi apparues les premières paires frustrées de Lewis organométalliques (OmFLPs). Dans le but de développer de telles OmFLPs, nous nous sommes intéressés à la synthèse de complexes cationiques titanocèniques et zirconocèniques en présence d'une amine. La première partie de cette thèse présente les travaux précédemment décrits sur les ligands azotés, en vue de synthétiser des complexes du groupe 4 N-fonctionnalisés. Une description plus détaillée du concept de FLP est ensuite réalisée, et un parallèle est fait avec des concepts connexes (coopérativité métal-ligand, systèmes ambiphiles). La seconde partie de ce manuscrit développe la synthèse de nouveaux ligands (aminomethyl)cyclopentadiènylure de potassium ainsi qu'une étude de leur coordination aux métaux du groupe 4. Cette étude a permis d'accéder à toute une série de nouveaux complexes dichlorotitanocènes et zirconocènes porteurs d'une fonction amine tertiaire encombrée (diisopropylaminyl et 2,2,6,6-tétraméthylpipéridine) à proximité du centre métallique. Ces travaux ont montré que l'amine ne se coordine pas audit centre métallique. Les métallocènes ainsi formés ont ensuite été transformés en cation afin de renforcer le caractère acidité de Lewis du centre métallique. Ces espèces ont montré une réactivité inattendue donnant lieu à des réarrangements par activation CH au voisinage de l'atome d'azote. Ces réarrangements ainsi que des études mécanistiques font l'objet du troisième chapitre. La quatrième partie de ce mémoire porte sur la synthèse de complexes phosphido- et amidotitanocènes cationiques. Ces complexes montrent une très bonne activité en catalyse d'hydrogénation de petites molécules dans des conditions relativement douces, vraisemblablement pour des raisons d'effets coopératifs entre le métal et le ligand. Dans une dernière partie, la synthèse de complexes titanocéniques cationiques portant une fonction iminophosphorane est développée, suivie d'une étude de réactivité de ces complexes en tant que paires frustrées de Lewis organométalliques
Spectral and temporal distribution of biomolecules by Dynamic SERS by Thibault Brulé( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this thesis, the definition of SERS as a biosensor has been tested and a new approach developed for. Also, in terms of quantification, it has been shown that SERS can be an efficient tool. Concerning the selectivity, the spectral quality was improved. A low limit of detection associated to the statistical and dynamic approach allows a very good sensitivity (under the nanomolar). This approach also enables a high reproducibility in time of the sensor. Thus, as low as SERS does not well answer to the sensor capabilities in a classical approach, in our case the coupling between a non-functionalized GNPs substrate coupled with a microfluidic chip, all mounted on a confocal microscope for temporal dynamic studies statistically analyzed has contributed to define SERS as an efficient biosensor
Contribution à la modélisation du couplage mécanique-chimique de l'évolution de l'interface pastille-gaine sous irradiation by Jean-Baptiste Minne( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pas de résumé en anglais
Modélisation électrochimique de la vitesse de corrosion généralisée du fer en milieu poreux : contribution à un modèle prédictif de la durabilité des aciers non alliés en conditions de stockage géologique by Antoine Marion( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Unalloyed steels selected by Andra for nuclear waste storage would be mainly affected by general corrosion. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that it is possible to simulate the long term corrosion rate in order to estimate the thickness of the containers expected to maintain the confinement for several centuries. Modeling by the finite element method, based on the resolution of Nernst-Planck equation in free potential conditions has been used to predict the electrochemical behavior of these steels impossible to reach at long time through laboratory experiments. From parametric studies (influence of electrochemical kinetic constants, kinetic constants dealing with chemical reactions, temperature) and in the light of several comparisons between laboratory and numerical experiments, it was possible to determine all the parameters and all the rules to build and use the most completed predictive numerical model.The main result of this study is a long term prediction model. After a first step it was established that dissolved oxygen initially trapped is consumed, whereas the corrosion rate is controlled by the fractional coverage of the surface due to the formation of corrosion products (magnetite, siderite). As a consequence, the decrease of the total porosity can be identified as a key parameter in the reduction of the corrosion rate
 
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Alternative Names
École doctorale Carnot-Pasteur.

École doctorale Carnot-Pasteur (Dijon ; Besançon ; Belfort)

École doctorale Carnot-Pasteur, Université de Bourgogne et Université de Franche - Comté.

ED 553

ED Carnot -Pasteur

ED553

Languages
French (26)

English (15)