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Psychologie de la socialisation - Développement et travail (Toulouse)

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Works: 18 works in 18 publications in 1 language and 18 library holdings
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Most widely held works by Psychologie de la socialisation - Développement et travail (Toulouse)
Effet du rapport au savoir sur le choix de formation et la poursuite d'études dans l'enseignement supérieur : spécificités des choix d'orientation en IUT GEA et à l'université section AES by Fabienne Rousset( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Since about fifty years, the dynamics of orientation is in the center of the social, political and educational concerns. Numerous researchers conceptualized determiners at work in the elaboration of the choices of orientation: Bourdieu and Passeron ( 1964 ) adopts a sociological point of view with their model of social reproduction, when the others develop the psychological angle of the process of orientation, in particular the notion of project (Dubet, 1973 ; Boutinet, 1990,1992, 1993 ; Dumora, 1990 ; Guichard, 2006).We wish to contribute to the effort of construction of knowledge by developing an explanatory model of the choices of orientation at the time of the entrance to the higher education and the pursuits of studies, little developed still in France: the influence of the relationship to knowledge on the choices of the students. We build in particular our theoretical model on the basis of the researches for the team Escol (Charlot, Bautier, Rochex) on the relationship to knowledge of the pupils and & al. ( 2005 ), who works in Belgium on the relationship in the knowledge of the students.To confine this vast domain of search, we make the hypothesis that the choice of orientation in the entrance to IUT (university institute of technology) G.E.A. or to university section AES depends on the interaction of socio-bibliographic variables (such as the quality of the previous programme, the sex, or the social origin), and of subjective variables, with in particular a specific relationship to knowledge. In other words, the interaction between these two classes of variables captures the unique relationship with knowledge involved in orientation process and continuing education. By adopting a longitudinal angle over 3 years after the registration in the higher education we hope to bring to light specificities of relationship to knowledge explanatory of the choices of orientation and pursuits of studies.In time 1 our sample is composed of 265 students, with 147 students enrolled in first year of IUT GEA, and 118 students enrolled in first year at university AES. Order to respect the objectives of the comparative longitudinal study, we have only maintained the students of the times 2 and 3 "locatable" in time 1. Also, in time 2, we have 81 students (58 students enrolled in second year of IUT GEA, and 23 students enrolled in L2 AES section at the University) and three times we have 25 students (19 graduate students DUT -two-years technical degree - GEA previous year, and 6 students in L3 AES section at the University).To collect the data, we conceived a questionnaire in two main parts: the one concerning the reasons of the choices of orientation and the other one the relationship to knowledge of the students (Rey & al., 2005). Our results reveal that the choices of orientation and pursuits of studies are effectively influenced by the socio-bibliographic characteristics (in particular the social origin and the quality of the previous course) and psychological characteristics of the students.Besides, the choices of orientation and pursuits of studies are also determined by specific types of relationship to knowledge
Modes d'engagement dans les fonctions de directeur d'école : rôle des caractéristiques socio-biographiques et des significations accordées à l'activité by Bernard Ménacq( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We explore and analyze, in this research, patterns of teacher's commitment who become principals. This is a personal and professional transition that takes place in a context of changing educational environment and institutional transformation.This passage of new features is often accompanied by a restructuring of identity. Beyond the action, the commitment is based on a complex and dynamic behavior, attitudes, but also processes psycho, socio-cognitive and conative.In an active and plural approach of socialization, the model of the subject and institutions interstructuration (Baubion-Broye, A., Malrieu, P. & Tap, P., 1987) which we refer, considers that beyond external influences and socio-biographical components, that is the subject who is the agent of its commitments.We show that the conducts of professional commitment are not confined to social influences or personal intentions but they are guided by the process of inter-service work. The origins of commitment refer to other areas of life and time of existence for individuals and based in particular on trade-offs of competing values and referred.Research updates a typology of socio-professional trajectories of directors into three classes, which we measure the differential influence on the direction of their commitments.Our results indicate how certain values drive behaviors and how these values are tested when in the course of professional practice, installs a sense of gap between expected, realized and prescribed.Each type of commitment appears as a dimension of life plan that articulates a singular way the aims, resources and constraints of different domains of life (family, professional, personal, social)
Conduites d'appropriation individuelle et collective du soutien social : une recherche-action dans le cadre d'un dispositif d'aide aux personnes en situation de souffrance au travail by Nicolas Michaëlis( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette recherche vise à apporter une contribution à la controverse scientifique sur la variabilité des effets du soutien social, développée à partir d'études qui mettent en évidence des effets délétères du soutien social. Qu'est ce qui peut expliquer qu'un même soutien social puisse avoir des effets positifs pour certains de ses destinataires et des effets négatifs pour d'autres ?C'est au regard du modèle théorique d'une socialisation plurielle et active, que nous posons l'hypothèse du rôle des conduites d'appropriation du soutien dans l'explication de cette variabilité.Afin d'étudier les conduites d'appropriation dans leurs dimensions individuelle et collective, un dispositif de recherche-action a été mis en place dans le cadre de la consultation « Souffrance au Travail » du Service des Pathologies Professionnelles et Environnementales du CHU Purpan à Toulouse.L'approche longitudinale et la comparaison de deux Groupes d'Analyse des Situations de Travail ont permis d'analyser et de modéliser les conduites individuelles et collectives d'appropriation de ce soutien, mises en œuvre par les participants à ces deux groupes, à savoir des personnes en situation de souffrance au travail adressées à la Consultation et volontaires pour contribuer à cette recherche.Les relations observées entre appropriation individuelle, appropriation collective et effets du soutien étayent des propositions au plan théorique ainsi qu'au plan des pratiques de soutien en direction des personnes en situation de souffrance au travail
Effets de la discrimination et du risque de discrimination perçus au travail par les homosexuels sur la recherche de soutien et le bien-être psychologique au travail : le rôle des stratégies de présentation de soi by Julien Thuillier( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This work aims to analyze the effects of perceived discrimination and discrimination risk on two key-dimensions of work socialization among gay and lesbian individuals : social support seeking and psychological well-being at work. Drawing from recent LGBT vocational literature, we assume that the relationships between discrimination (and discrimination risk) and these variables are mediated by identity management strategies (Woods, 1993) used by lesbian women and gay men (e.g., counterfeiting, avoiding and integrating). However, empirical evidence showed mixed findings regarding the relationships between: perceived discrimination (and discrimination risk) and identity management strategies; identity management strategies and interpersonal relationships building; identity management strategies and psychological well-being. With reference to Malrieu's theory (1979) of a plural and active socialization, we attempt to overcome these mixed findings and posit that the relationships mentioned above are modulated by variables referring to the diversity of times and backgrounds in which individuals live. Data were collected using an online survey, which has been completed by 234 participants currently employed, and who identified themselves as lesbian or gay. Most of our hypothesis are validated and permit us to discuss both clinical practices targeted to sexual minority individuals and diversity management practices targeted to organizations
Les difficultés décisionnelles du collège à l'université : rôle des attitudes parentales, de l'identité vocationnelle et de l'estime de soi : étude longitudinale auprès de jeunes engagés dans un processus d'orientation by Kimberley Brioux( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This study aims to analyse influence of social (parental career-related behaviors) and personal (vocational identity, self-esteem) factors on career-decision making difficulties reported by youth engaged in academic and vocational orientation process and to highlight subject's active and subjective part in his relationship with himself, others and world. In quantitative part, 3760 youth (3186 school students; 565 undergraduate students), aged 13 to 25 (M = 16.77; SD = 2.21), participated at longitudinal design featuring threee waves of data collection used. They replied collectively four online questionnaires: Career decision-making Difficulties Questionnaire, Parental Career-related Behavior Questionnaire, Vocational Identity Status Assessment and Échelle multidimensionnelle estime de soi pour adolescents. In qualitative part, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 youth (16 school students; 6 undergraduate students), aged 14 to 24 (M = 14.45; SD = 2.86). Predictors' analysis of the career-decision making difficulties reported by youth shows that difficulties which intervene before engagement in the decision-making process (lack of preparation) are mainly explained by relational factors at the begining of the year for 12th grade students and to personal factors at the begining and at the end of the year for undergraduate students. Difficulties which intervene throughout decision-making process (lack of informations, inconsistent informations) are especially explained by personal factors like unfavourable vocational self-esteem at the end of the year for 10th grade students and for the undergraduate students, low in-breadth exploration at the end of the year for 12th grade students and for the undergraduate students as well as low commitment at the middle of the year for 10th grade students. CHD's results show the dynamic of making choices in ligh of explanatory processes included in this study. Results also highlight this dynamic's heterogeneite through every educational and vocational orientation level studied. Based on this results, case studies also attested this diversity. This case studies established new elements like identification of new support sources or new type of difficulties, allowing to explore others research's path and to confirm results' complementarity
Rôle du traitement visuel simultané dans l'acquisition des connaissances orthographiques lexicales by Nathalie Chaves( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Word orthographic knowledge is necessary to develop expert and fast reading and correct orthographic production. Lexical orthographic acquisition is a complex and largely unknown process. This acquisition is mostly implicit during reading. It would depend on phonological decoding and on other factors not précised yet. Both theoretical and empirical data suggest that the simultaneous visual processing made during word reading could influence lexical orthographic acquisition. This hypothesis is assessed with both regression analyses and experimental studies. Regression analyses examine the relation between visual attention span (VAS), which estimates the maximal simultaneous processing abilities, and the lexical orthographic knowledge. Results show a significant relation between VAS and lexical orthographic knowledge when this knowledge is assessed with a dictation task or with a self-teaching test. This relation is specific because it doesn't extent to grammatical orthographic knowledge. It exists independently of both visual-spatial working memory and reading skills. Experimental studies, both on children and adults, investigate the role of simultaneous visual processing on lexical orthographic acquisition during self-teaching. This investigation was done with two experimental conditions during the reading of novel words. In the whole word condition, the entire letter-string of a novel word was available at once, while in the partial word condition only sub-lexical parts of the word letter string were available at once. The results show an advantage of the whole word condition on the memorization of novel word orthographic forms. This advantage is not explained by differences of presentation time or of processing time between the two conditions, and confirms that, beyond the phonological decoding skills, simultaneous visual processing abilities of entire words are involved in lexical orthographic acquisition
Approche psychosociale et développementale de la carrière en contexte contre-stéréotypique : l'étude du personnel féminin de la Marine nationale by Alice Delicourt( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis aims to understand the determinants of military women's success. We hypothesized that their performances were related to professional identifications, self-assessments (self-efficacy, performance expectations and ambition) and the value they give to their domains of life. Three studies were conducted, apprehending the performance through the results in exams, trainings and a reflexive feedback on their careers. After having controlled the threatening aspect of their professional situation and having observed that women's performance is lower than men's, several mediating factors on the effect of sex on performance have been highlighted. The main factor explaining the performance of women is the expectation of performance compared to their colleagues. The more they consider being at the same level as their colleagues, the more they succeed, which is directly linked to self-efficacy and to the different professional identifications. To identify themselves as a sailor is more difficult for women in the military. The less individuals value their working domain, the weaker are their results, as their level of identification to the organization. However there is no interaction with the sex, and thus it is not a gender issue. At the beginning of women's career, the dynamics of their work identity prevails in the development of their career, pushed by their professional ambition, while the effects of their conjugal status on their performance, mediated by their domains of life enhancement, would intervene secondly
Rupture du contrat psychologique, stress et souffrance au travail : une recherche réalisée au sein du dispositif souffrance au travail du CHU Toulouse-Purpan by Sabine Trentzsch-Joye( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette recherche a pour objet l'étude des déterminants et des effets psychosociaux des situations de travail en termes de stress et de souffrance. C'est sous l'angle du contrat psychologique qu'elle s'intéresse à l'impact des transformations du travail de ces dernières années sur les conditions de son exercice et les relations d'emploi. Elle porte plus particulièrement sur les processus d'interprétation des ruptures du contrat psychologique et les processus d'ajustement et de restructuration des sujets consécutifs aux évolutions de ces relations d'emploi. Au plan théorique la recherche se démarque sensiblement des modèles traditionnels en intégrant, dans l'étude du stress et de la souffrance au travail, les dynamiques subjectives. Notre position théorique considère que, le sujet est actif et pluriel dans sa socialisation et dans le développement de ses relations avec son contexte de travail, autant que dans la recherche de réponses aux exigences de l'organisation et aux siennes que dans les régulations subjectives des conflits qui en naissent. Une consultation hospitalière de souffrance au travail constitue le cadre de cette recherche. Les données recueillies auprès de 103 personnes reçues en accompagnement psychologique dans ce dispositif ont fait l'objet d'une analyse qualitative et d'une analyse quantitative. Des observations cliniques ont été systématiquement confrontées aux résultats d'analyses statistiques.Nous mettons en évidence un lien entre la perception d'une violation du contrat psychologique et la dégradation de l'état de santé psychologique des personnes reçues en consultation. Nous soulignons l'impact de la rupture du contrat, souvent déclenchée par une transformation dans le milieu du travail, autant sur l'individu que sur sa relation de travail. De ces observations et résultats ressort la nécessité de développer des démarches de prévention pluridisciplinaires
Fratrie germaine et appropriation de la famille recomposée par l'enfant de 6 à 13 ans : une approche bioécologique by Lou Charlotte Djo( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The present study investigates how 6 to 13 years old children appropriate their stepfamily/blended family (Malrieu & Malrieu, 1973; Malrieu, 1976) and how sibling relationships might influence that appropriation. Our analysis is based on the bioecological approach (Bronfenbrenner, 1996). Sibling relationships were examined using a semi-directive interview. The appropriation of the stepfamily was investigated on the basis of the drawing of the family, the Kidcope (Spirito, Stark and Williams, 1988), the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL, Achenbach, 1991) and the “AUtoquestionnaire Qualité de vie-Enfant-Imagé” (AUQEI, Magnificat & Dazord, 1997). Results indicate that children make elective choices of their family members mainly on the basis of their biological relationships, the most important persons influencing their life and the quality of the relationship with their close circle. We shall emphasize that the most stressful factor generally evoked by children usually originates from the stepparent and his educational approach. Furthermore, the results show that social support appears as the most efficient strategy often used by the children. Generally, we noticed a satisfying socio-emotional adaptation and life quality of the sampled children. Mostly, the relationships among siblings are found as a resource within their stepfamily as long as those relationships are both sustained and supportive. Cross-correlated statistical analysis of the data showed significant influence of person characteristics (age, sex), family context (sibling characteristics, child custody) and time factors (elapsed time since separation, duration of the second union) on the appropriation of family
L'orientation sexuelle, facteur de suicide et de conduites à risque chez les adolescents et les jeunes adultes ? : l'influence de l'homophobie et de la victimation homophobe en milieu scolaire by Jean-Michel Pugnière( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

De nombreuses recherches, principalement nord-américaines, ont mis en évidence un lien significatif entre orientation sexuelle et comportements suicidaires des adolescent e s / jeunes adultes (Beck & al., 2010). L'homophobie à laquelle les jeunes homo/bisexuel-le-s sont exposé e s est considérée comme l'hypothèse la plus sérieuse pour expliquer ce lien, mais, jusque-là, cette hypothèse n'avait jamais fait l'objet d'une recherche quantitative dans notre pays. Nous l'avons prise en compte dans le cadre d'une enquête réalisée sur la base d'un auto-questionnaire informatisé - composé notamment à partir des échelles « Adolescent Risk inventory » (A.R.I, Lescano & al., 2007), « Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire - Revised » (SBQ-r, Linehan, 1989), et « Homophobia Scale » (Wright, Adams & Bernat, 1999) - auquel ont répondu 475 filles et 426 garçons, âgé-e-s de 18 à 24 ans. Les résultats confirment la sursuicidalité des jeunes homo/bi-sexuel-le-s. Cependant, dans les analyses menées auprès des participants de sexe masculin, l'orientation sexuelle n'apparait plus comme un prédicteur significatif des tentatives de suicide et des conduites à risque dans les modèles explicatifs où l'on introduit les variables «Victimation Verbale Homophobe en milieu scolaire» et «Victimation basée sur la Non-conformité de genre». Ces variables s'avèrent d'ailleurs les plus forts prédicteurs des comportements suicidaires chez les garçons. Ceux-ci présentent des scores moyens à l'échelle d'homophobie/lesbophobie significativement plus élevés que les filles, et la victimation verbale homophobe semble beaucoup plus répandue que la victimation verbale lesbophobe. Cette dernière ne présente par ailleurs pas d'effet significatif sur les tentatives de suicide et les conduites à risque des filles. En revanche, la lesbophobie intériorisée a un effet significatif sur les comportements suicidaires dans le sous-échantillon des filles attirées sexuellement par le même sexe ou en questionnement (ASMSQ), alors que l'homophobie intériorisée n'en présente pas chez les garçons ASMSQ. Ce dernier résultat, basé sur un plus faible effectif, demande à être confirmé par des recherches ultérieures tandis que les analyses portant sur l'ensemble des participants mettent en évidence l'ampleur de la victimation homophobe en milieu scolaire et son impact chez les adolescents et jeunes adultes de sexe masculin
Relations entre pairs et mobilisation scolaire d'adolescents de 14 à 16 ans : entre richesse et pression du groupe : le rôle médiateur de la valeur accordée à l'école by Lucie Hernandez( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Adolescence is influenced by an intense engagement in friendships interactions. These interactions create more complex bonds than expected. Social changes cause an evolution in the nature and the dynamics of adolescents' relationships. Those changes create a diversification of relationship types which impact on the adolescent's development. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of friendship quality on adolescents' academic disengagement, as well as the mediator effect of the value towards school. The psychosocial approach, in which we fit, allowed us to highlight both active and subjective parts of the subject with regards to peers and what do they have to do with school (Malrieu, 1973; Mead, 1963; Wallon, 1941). Thus, in the present study, our aim was to investigate links among adolescents' peer-relationships and their academic engagement. 696 8th grade (middle school) adolescents schooled in France answered a questionnaire. 185 come from disadvantaged schools, and the other 511 from public and private "classic" schools. On the one hand, this questionnaire, studies the academic engagement of the adolescents, through the evaluation of their marks, attention, implication, and school perseverance and also their interest for personal work and success. On the other hand, we were looking for the amount of interest they give to the school according to whether it is seen towards epistemic, future, social or externalized dimensions. A third part is devoted to the quality of peers' relationships in relation to the research of conformity, the capacity to handle the pressure from the peers, social support and loneliness. Our results reveal that an extreme search of conformity is likely to provoke academic disengagement and also jointly supports a report externalized towards the school (strategic and social). On the contrary, loneliness promotes a good scholar investment and epistemic interaction towards the school. Two other dimensions are related to the value given to the school by adolescents. It arises that social support and peer pressure felt by adolescents further academic engagement only if they grant scholar and intellectual knowledge rather than to the detriment of their relationships
Socialisations de genre, identité sexuée et expérience scolaire : dynamiques d'acculturation et de personnalisation chez le jeune enfant scolarisé en grande section de maternelle by Yoan Mieyaa( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The main objective of our research is to account for the psychosocial mechanism by which children, aged 5-6 years and who attend to nursery school, progressively differentiate themselves as boys and girls and fit into gender school development. In reference to a conception of socialization which distinguishes a side of acculturation and a side of personalization (Malrieu & Malrieu, 1973), our hypothesis is the following : Gender identity mediates the influence of family and school gender socialization on the construction of school experience, because of the degree of stereotypy and the degree of heterogeneity of these socialization backgrounds and of the developmental step of the children. In order to test this hypotesis, we choose a methodology centered on the point of view of all the subjects concerned (adults and children). We proposed a questionnaire on several dimensions of gender socialization to the adults (fathers and mothers of 61 children attended nursery school, theirs teachers and their “A.T.S.E.M”. Child's gender identity was examined with the P.S.A.I; (Golombok & Rust, 1993), the B.S.R.I. adapted by Tostain (1993) and the test of gender constancy (Dafflon Novelle, 2010).School experience was examined with a semi-directive interview.The main results highlight three types of school experience: “conform”, “agonistic” and “epistemic”. If school gender socialization, with the transmission of educational values, influences children's school experience, family gender socialization influences the construction of gender identity. Some links appear between children's gender identity and their school experience. Although the analyses don't permit to establish the mediator role of gender identity, the results as a whole confirm the pertinence to adopt a theoretical model of a plural and conflicting socialization which examines the links between the processes of acculturation and personalization in the study of the construction of the girls and boys school development from the early age. Within this model, the consideration of child's gender identity allows to better understand in the construction of his/her school experience
Visibilité de la place de l'adulte (parents et enseignants) auprès de l'adolescent dans le rapport à l'apprendre : horizontalité des pratiques d'internet et mobilisation scolaire by Nicole Mouisset-Lacan( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Internet revolutionizes homes and reaches more specifically teenagers. It's a matter of practising, new ways of dealing with one's peers, communicating. In this present exchanges dynamism characterized by a scrambling of usual spacing and timing marks, teenagers break their way in having access in Knowledges, turning aside from the beaten track (school and family). School as well as family life (under deep changes too) are closely questioned by the consequences of the reconfiguration of the daily life carried out by new technologies. The evolution of our society contributed to the want of visibility of the adult's place (parents and teachers) in the developmental process of children and teenagers. The socio-constructivist approach of Vygotski (1933, Developmental Proximal Zone) as well as the psycho-analytic approach of Winnicott (1972, Transitional area) and of Bion, (1982, the Thinking ability) set the importance of the adult's place in the developmental processes. The prevalence of the horizontal dimension emphasized by new technologies hid-ing the need of verticality seems to go along with socialization and school risks for teenagers. This research aims at pointing out the relations between numer-ical practices, teenagers'perception of adults' involvement (parents and teach-ers) and school mobilization. To what extent teenagers'numerical practices can further school mobilization ? An extensive study achieved among a sample of 323 adolescents from 11 to 16 years old, has confirmed parental involvement adolescents' perception guide adolescents towards Internet cultural practices. The answers of 9 teenagers chosen for their Internet intensive use, collected during semi-directive interviews, enabled us to provide greater details concern-ing these results. The need of verticality symbolised by the adult (parents, teachers) leading to the co-construction of meaning in school mobilization is confirmed by the qualitative analysis (phenomenologic, conceptual categories and lexico-statistics analysis). The clinical study certifies our model is relevant underlining the significance of interactions on the one hand and of the part of the unconscious processes on the other hand
Approche psychosociale de la construction des perspectives temporelles des personnes en situation de précarité d'emploi : le cas des travailleurs intérimaires by Adeline Calvayrac( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In recent decades, temporary work has taken on considerable proportions and is emblematic of the changes taking place in the world of work in France. As a "precarious" job, it leads to a disintegration of career paths and marks the future of temporary workers by a great deal of uncertainty. In an environment that now promotes individualism, where everyone is responsible for managing the hazards of their career path, precarious employment raises the question of the relationship that individuals maintain with their past, their current situation and their future. In this thesis, this report is understood by the concept of time perspectives. The first study (using questionnaires) of this research shows that a high level of precariousness decreases the future time extension of temporary workers and that this link is moderated by the satisfaction of the subjects with the social support they receive. The second study (using semidirected interviews) shows that the different aspects of precariousness peculiar to temporary workers influence their perceptions of their past, their present and their future according to several dimensions of the time perspectives, namely: orientation, extension, density, sharpness, realism, attitude and inter-register coherence. This second study also shows the effect of social relations (within the private sphere, the user company and the temporary employment agency) on these time dimensions. Finally, the third study (using questionnaires) defines five dimensions of precariousness relating to temporary work (the precariousness of living conditions, the precariousness of the career path, the precariousness of working conditions, the characteristics of the employment contract and the personal experience of temporary work) and shows an effect of these dimensions on the orientation and the attitude for the three time registers. This study also shows an effect of the industrial relations (within the user company and the temporary employment agency) and of the representation of the participants on these two dimensions of the time perspective. These three studies allow us to support a psychosocial approach of time perspectives by articulating inter-individual, positional and ideological variables in the study of these
Relations d'amitié et construction identitaire chez les adolescents en internat scolaire by Martine Barbé( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Our study aims to apprehend, in the context of boarding schools, the links between friendships and identity development. This research favours an interactionist approach grounded in the field of social and developmental psychology. We explore the identity development, the characteristics of friendships with the best friend and the experience of boarding school. The research has been conducted on 721 teenagers in boarding school (261 boys - 460 girls) in 10th and 12th grade enrolled in public (80.1%) and private (19.9%) schools in the Midi-Pyrenees' region. Six tools have been used to collect data: an identity scale DIDS (Dimension of Identity Development Scale - Luyckx et al., 2008), a questionnaire relating to psychological support (Mallet & Vrignaud, 2000), a questionnaire on intimacy (Sternberg, 1986) and a questionnaire on the experience of boarding school designed for this study.The results underline that friendship with a good friend, a friend and the best friend is based on mutual and reciprocal understanding. The results show the importance of the subject's place in the reasons guiding the choice of boarding school. The personal choice (choice of school, of academic courses) conflicts with the parental or institutional choice. The identity development is characterised by a higher proportion of teenagers in identity diffusion than in identity achievement and in moratorium. We have not demonstrated a link between the experience of boarding school and the identity development but this experience is associated with the process of exploration in breadth and the identification of commitments. The different forms of support and intimacy are linked to the status of identity development. This study, because of its exploratory nature and in view of the scarcity of other researches on its topic, encourages comparatives and longitudinal researches
Etude du coût cognitif de l'écriture SMS chez les adolescents by Céline Combes( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Le SMS (Short Message Service) a favorisé la création d'une nouvelle forme d'écriture et offre la possibilité d'analyser de façon originale les processus généraux de la production écrite. L'étude de ces processus a permis de mettre en exergue le coût cognitif qu'ils représentent lors de leur mise en œuvre simultanée. Toutefois, si ces questions ont beaucoup été étudiées en production écrite conventionnelle, l'apparition de nouvelles formes d'écriture donnent l'occasion d'étudier l'orthographe de façon inédite. L'une des principales caractéristiques de l'écriture SMS (eSMS) est l'utilisation de formes orthographiques non conventionnelles (e.g., Slt pk tu menvoi ce mess ? Biz) qui peuvent sembler, au premier abord, plus simple et plus facile que celles de l'écriture conventionnelle. L'objectif de ce travail de thèse est donc de démontrer l'existence d'un coût cognitif de la production des processus spécifiques de l'écriture SMS chez les novices et de leur automatisation avec l'acquisition d'une expertise. Dans le cadre d'une épreuve d'écriture de SMS, nous avons fait varier, d'une part, le degré d'expertise des participants dans la pratique du SMS et, d'autre part, l'attention qu'ils pouvaient porter à cette tâche grâce à diverses variations du paradigme expérimental de la double tâche. Les résultats des différentes études expérimentales montrent que la production des processus spécifiques de l'eSMS présente un coût cognitif, comme ceux de l'écriture conventionnelle. Ce coût est particulièrement élevé chez les utilisateurs novices, et s'observe essentiellement en fin de message. Les processus spécifiques de l'eSMS s'automatisent ensuite avec l'acquisition d'une expertise
Éducation familiale et rapport au savoir chez des garçons et des filles tunisiens de première année d'école primaire : une approche interactionniste sociale by Aïcha Ben Miled( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

L'objectif de cette recherche est d'analyser l'impact des processus éducatifs sous-jacents à l'élaboration du rapport au savoir chez des garçons et des filles tunisiens scolarisés en première année de l'école primaire. Nous centrons notre étude sur l'analyse des processus psychologiques selon les dimensions impliquées dans la construction identitaire et sociale du sujet. En accord avec notre approche interactionniste sociale qui privilégie l'étude de l'interstructuration entre l'individu et ses milieux de vie, nous avons mené des entretiens auprès de 16 enfants et des trois dyades : parents-enfants, élèves-enseignants et parents-enseignants. Notre approche qualitative repose sur une démarche d'analyse inductive basée essentiellement sur l'étude de cas singuliers de garçons et de filles selon des styles éducatifs prototypiques. Les résultats révèlent que les enfants élaborent des formes hétérogènes de rapport au savoir dès le début de l'entrée à l'école. Nos analyses permettent d'établir l'existence d'une concordance entre les styles éducatifs parentaux et les figures du rapport au savoir élaborées par les jeunes enfants-élèves. Il s'avère que si l'influence du milieu familial est déterminante, elle n'est pas exclusive si nous considérons d'une part, l'action dialectique des diverses milieux de vie et d'autre part, l'activité de réappropriation singulière du sujet comme acteur de son propre développement. De ce point de vue, les interactions avec l'enseignant peuvent donner du sens aux activités scolaires, enrichir l'expérience scolaire et susciter le rapport au savoir des élèves
Le projet d'avenir, le virtuel et l'adolescence au Vietnam : impact du style de conduite par rapport à Internet sur la relation entre le mode d'identification et le projet d'avenir by Ngoc-Diep Nguyen( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

When entering adolescence, a subject must highly mobilize himself to confirm his new identity and become a dynamic and autonomous being, author of his life (Malrieu, 1973). Vietnamese society is currently passing through the cultural encounter between traditional values and modern trends, with the domination of information and communication technologies and the Internet. The adolescents must then experience their crisis period at the same time as contextual conflicts (Nguyen Khac Vien, 1997). The objective of our research is to study how the current generation of Vietnamese adolescents identifies with others and how these modes of identification influence the way they project themselves into the future. Our aim is also to analyze the impact of Internet use, a teenagers' new practice, on the relationship between their modes of identification and future plans.Using questionnaires and projective tests (the TAT and the Test of Three Characters), we conducted our data collection from 102 Vietnamese adolescents (53 girls and 49 boys) aged 16.5 to 18 and regularly using the Internet.Our results show that among the adolescents in our sample, some defensive modes of identification are significantly associated with the positive aspects of their future plans as well as with an appropriate style of Internet use. Our results also confirm that the style of Internet use has a mediating effect on the relationship between the mode of identification and future plans; more precisely the positive link between the identification of dependence and the plans of relational and professional achievement is explained by the Internet practices serving school duties and tasks. Supported by theoretical advances in psychology, we analyzed, explained and clarified the salient results of our research in an interpretative way by replacing these results in the current context of Vietnamese society
 
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Alternative Names
EA 1697

Laboratoire Psychologie de la socialisation - Développement et travail (Toulouse)

Laboratoire psychologie du développement et processus de socialisation (Toulouse)

LPS-DT

PDPS

Psychologie du développement et processus de socialisation (Toulouse)

Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail. Psychologie du développement et processus de socialisation

Université Toulouse 2 Jean Jaurès. Psychologie de la socialisation - Développement et travail

Université Toulouse 2 Jean Jaurès. Psychologie du développement et processus de socialisation

Languages
French (18)