WorldCat Identities

Charrier, Bertrand

Overview
Works: 20 works in 20 publications in 2 languages and 23 library holdings
Roles: Other, Thesis advisor, Opponent
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Bertrand Charrier
Effect of Punica granatum peel and Melia azedarach bark extracts on durability of European beech and maritime pine by Lilia Lajnef( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

High temperature drying effect against resin exudation for maritime pine wood used as outdoor siding by Thomas Cabaret( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Study of rosin softening point through thermal treatment for a better understanding of maritime pine exudation by Thomas Cabaret( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les polysaccharides et les ellagitanins du bois de chêne : influence sur la qualité sensorielle des vins by Alexandra Le Floch( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

It is widely accepted that alcoholic beverages quality depends on their ageing in premium quality oak wood. Oak wood selection and maturation are essential steps in the course of barrel fabrication. Given the existence of many factors involved in the choice of raw material and in natural seasoning of oak wood, it is very difficult to determine the real impact of seasoning and selection factors on oak wood composition. A sampling was done to study the evolution of oak wood chemical composition during four seasoning steps: non matured, 12 months, 18 months and 24 months. For this sampling, three selection factors were taken into account: age, grain type and the Polyphenolic Index measured by Oakscan®. Besides extractables (~10%), three polymers constitute the main part of oak wood: cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignins. These compounds may undergo hydrolysis or chemical reactions during cooperage processes, especially during heat treatment, which release some aromatic compounds or aromatic precursors having a genuine sensorial interest on wine aged in barrel or in contact with oak products. To date, no studies revealed a link between the proportions of these compounds in oak wood and the chemical and sensorial impact in wines ageing with oak wood. Our study showed that the proportions of these compounds evolved significantly during oak wood seasoning and the results highlighted the impact of selection factors. Respectively, extractables, lignins, hemicelluloses and cellulose proportions were mostly for non-matured, 12 months, 18 months and 24 seasoning months. The development of a test plan with a Merlot wine from a second oak wood sampling, using similar modalities as the previous test plan allowed the evaluation of oak wood seasoning impact on the chemical composition of a wine ageing with oak wood pieces. Results showed a lowering of 8% in ellagitannins content of wine between 12 and 24 months modalities. An impact on volatile composition in wine has also been established: furanic aldehydes were positively correlated with a long maturation time (18 and 24 months), whereas phenolic aldehydes were positively correlated with a shorter seasoning time (12 months). Our results highlighted also the impact of selection factors on wine chemical composition. Sensorial analysis on this Merlot wine led to significant differences detected by the panel between 12 and 24 seasoning modalities, but not between 18 and 24 months modalities with triangular tests. Sensorial profiles were also established to attempt to associate the differences detected to one or more descriptors. For this test, results highlighted the difficulty for the panel to make a significant difference between 12 and 24 months modalities. However they contribute to explain the differences demonstrated with triangular tests for some seasoning modalities: toasted, bitterness, astringency, roundness and sweet perception
Etude des produits connexes de la transformation industrielle du bois d'Okoumé du Gabon : analyse et mise en œuvre de nouveaux matériaux by Starlin Peguy Engozogho Anris( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This thesis work was organized around the promotion of related products from the first and second processing of wood from the Congo Basin in general and Aucoumea Klaineana Pierre (Okoumé) from Gabon in particular.Indeed, 85% of related products from this industry are incinerated 24 hours a day in the open air, the reason being the absence or the weak ways of possible valorizations.Our primary objective is to present ways of recovery capable of considerably reducing the incineration of this waste. Therefore and to answer this first issue, we proceeded first, by a chemical analysis of the three parts of the wood (bark, sapwood, heart), aiming to highlight the different molecules and their potential areas of development. The molecules mainly targeted are polyphenols. We then focused in particular on the condensed tannins extracted from Okoumé, which we characterized thermally and chemically. To observe their stickiness, including their ability to be used as a substrate for the development of a bio-sourced adhesive for the plywood and panel industry.The second recovery method highlighted is the development of a wood-plastic composite by thermocompression without having gone through a prior extrusion step. This composite can find its use in construction and internal design
Nouveaux revêtements hybrides élaborés par voie sol-gel pour la protection de substrats ligno-cellulosiques : étude des microstructures et des propriétés mécaniques surface by Xabier Errotabehere( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Lors de leur durée de vie, les parquets en bois sont soumis à des agressions d'origine mécanique (rayure, frottement, usure). Des systèmes de vernis organiques (acryliques) et photoréticulables, appelées vitrificateurs, sont déposés en plusieurs couches et font intervenir une sous-couche appelée « basecoat » et une couche supérieure appelée « topcoat ». Cette dernière confère la résistance à la rayure nécessaire à l'ensemble du système. Des nouveaux revêtements hybrides organiques-inorganiques ont été élaborés par voie sol-gel et appliqués en couche de finition (topcoat) dans une configuration de vitrification de parquets. Ces revêtements sont préparés à partir de formulations liquides de monomères hybrides en solution hydroalcoolique soumises à une réaction de polymérisation inorganique (hydrolyse-condensation - procédé « sol-gel »), puis organique (photopolymérisation UV). Une étude structurale en phase liquide et en phase solide a permis de comprendre les mécanismes de polymérisation inorganique d'un sol de MAPTMS et de sols binaires MAPTMS/TEOS. Le phénomène d'auto-organisation du MAPTMS, connu lorsqu'il est utilisé comme seul précurseur, persiste en présence de TEOS. Des microstructures schématiques ont été proposées pour ces « vernis hybrides », leur organisation étant dépendante de la teneur en TEOS.Une étude mécanique locale, grâce à la technique de nanoindentation, a révélé l'effet renforçant du TEOS au sein des revêtements hybrides. Leur comportement à la rayure a été également étudié à deux échelles (« nano » et « micro ») et comparée à celui d'une référence industrielle organique réputée performante (dite « topcoat industriel »). A l'échelle « nano », les seuils d'endommagement (fissuration) des revêtements hybrides se sont avérés être équivalents voire supérieurs à ceux du topcoat industriel. A l'échelle « micro », un dispositif expérimental permettant d'enregistrer l'aire réelle de contact entre la pointe et le revêtement a montré que la transition élastique-plastique est retardée lorsqu'un revêtement hybride est utilisé comme topcoat. De plus, ces caractérisations mécaniques ont permis de proposer des éléments de corrélation entre la microstructure et les propriétés mécaniques (module élastique, dureté, comportement à la rayure) des revêtements hybrides MAPTMS/TEOS, qui prennent en compte l'organisation du réseau inorganique et pas seulement le taux de condensation de monomères inorganiques
Utilisation d'une méthode optique sans contact pour décrire le comportement mécanique de composites bois/plastique 'WPC' by Talel Ben'MBarek( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Dans cette étude, les propriétés mécanique et la microstructure du polyéthylène à haute densité (PEHD)/ fibres de bois (Pinmaritime) ont été caractérisés. Le comportement en traction et en flexion 4 points de composites fibres de bois/polyéthylène(WPC) avec et sans additif a été étudié en utilisant des mesures de champs par stéréo-corrélation d'image numériques. Nousavons tout d'abord comparé les mesures de déformation longitudinale par stéréo-corrélation d'image à celles mesurées parextensométrie mécanique au cours d'un essai de traction simple uni-axial. Les valeurs de déformation macroscopiquemesurées sont comparables à celles obtenues par extensométrie mécanique classique. Quatre formulations ont été testées(avec ou sans l'additif et avec 10% ou 30% de bois) au travers des essais de traction et flexion 4 points en utilisant laméthode par stéréo-corrélation d'image. Nous avons pu ainsi corréler la visualisation combinée des images enregistrées parles caméras au comportement mécanique ainsi qu'aux modifications des surfaces des composites. Les résultats ont montréque les singularités au niveau de la surface des échantillons ainsi que la présence des fibres de bois (dans les proportionsutilisées durant nos essais) n'ont pas d'effets sur la qualité du composite. La stéréo corrélation d'images nous permet d'avoirune information précise sur le cisaillement tant d'un point de vue quantitatif que qualitatif. L'essai cyclique a été utilisé pouranalyser l'endommagement du composite. Les courbes en traction et flexion ont montré un comportement global non linéaire. Le module d'élasticité (MOE) est évalué par la tangente à l'origine d'un modèle de Maxwell-Binhgam ajusté paroptimisation sur les courbes expérimentales. Les cartographies fausses couleurs du champ de déformation du WPC ont étéprésentées. D'autre part, on a analysé le comportement endommageable et le degré d'hétérogénéité pour différentspourcentages de bois à l'aide des valeurs de l'écart type spatial du champ de déformation longitudinale. Par cette technique,nous avons également pu étudier les propriétés mécaniques en traction et en compression à partir d'un essai de flexion 4points. Le second objectif était d'améliorer la performance des liaisons entre les fibres de bois hydrophiles polaires et lamatrice plastique de PEHD hydrophobe non polaire. Pour cette raison, la fibre de bois a été traitée par anhydride maléique depolyéthylène (MAPE) (greffage par copolymérisation) et acétylée (greffage de chaine de carbone). Dans cette partie, nousavons étudié l'effet de MAPE ainsi que la longueur de la chaine de carbone greffée sur les propriétés mécaniques du WPC.Par ailleurs, nous avons pu observer et caractériser la morphologie à l'interface fibre de bois/HDPE du WPC greffé enutilisant un microscope électronique à balayage (MEB)
Modification chimique des extractibles de bois : application à la protection du bois et des matériaux métalliques by Wissem Sahmim( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Within the framework of this thesis, we are interested in the design, synthesis and characterization of the physicochemical properties of lipophilic derivatives of wood extractives. We have thus considered modifying the structure of three flavonoids whose resource is important from different wood species: catechin, mesquitol and naringenin to incorporate additional functionalities. The applications reported here mainly deal with the protection of materials like wood and corrodible metals. With respect to wood preservation, it seems possible to consider different strategies to inhibit the wood degradation related to fungi on wood. Impregnation of antioxidant compounds such as lipophilic polyphenols on wood can limit the effects of radicals or other oxidants used and generated by rots. The second intended application is the protection of metallic materials. Indeed, the use of natural antioxidants as a corrosion inhibitor replace inorganic inhibitors or organic molecules (polyamines, imidazole...), because their production is expensive and toxic. The grafting of a hydrophobic hydrocarbon chain on polyphenols which have antioxidant properties allows the formation of protective films on the material
Analyse et valorisation des coproduits de la transformation industrielle de l'Acajou du Gabon (Khaya ivorensis A. Chev) by Arsène Bikoro Bi Athomo( )

1 edition published in 2020 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Gabon forest covers more than 85% of country, so about 22 million hectares of forest, which represents a potential of more than 400 million m3 of exploitable wood. For more than 400 species listed as exploitable, about 80 are exploitable, but only 13 are exploited on an industrial scale. Solid wood from logging in the form of logs was, until 2009, mainly intended for export. However, since that date, the Gabonese State has decided to develop its industry by requiring loggers to carry out at least a first transformation in the country.This reform has led to an increase in local transformation of logs, and therefore an increase in the production of co-products. The latter represent approximately 50% of initial log mass for sawing and around 5% for peeling. The actors of the sectors thus found themselves with the problem of an excess of products derived from the local processing of wood.General objective of this thesis is to propose an approach that makes it possible to find recovery solutions for these by-products, 85% of which are burnt in the open air.Co-products of the industrial transformation of mahogany (Khaya ivorensis A. Chev) from Gabon were thus studied in three phases. Initial work on the physicochemical characterization of bark, sapwood and heartwood of mahogany extracts has been carried out in general. We have particularly work on phenolic extracts, including tannins. Then, a way of valuing these compounds was studied: development of a tannin-based adhesive with mahogany tannins. Finally, another recovery avenue was explored: development of wood/ plastic composite with wood by-products and waste from plastic bottles.Results of various studies have shown that the mahogany tannins are rich in fisitinidin and gallocatechin monomers. The absence of free form of gallic acid was also noted. In addition, tannin-based adhesives of mahogany have shown good thermal characteristics. Furthermore, the composite has interesting physico-mechanical properties that would allow a possible valorization on a large scale
Développement de nouveaux matériaux à base de polymères naturels et leurs applications by Marie-Christine Lagel( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

With the constant increase of oil prices and with the dwindling of fossil resources, "green" alternatives must be found. Thus, first research was conducted on the possibility to develop synthetic phenolic adhesives for wood-based panels where a part of phenol was substituted by wheat proteins. Similarly, tannins which are natural polyphenolic molecules can be used as an alternative to synthetic chemical products. Chestnut tannin, a hydrolysable tannin was used to substitute part of phenol during the synthesis of phenolic resins. The characteristics of these resins were studied and the resins used for the manufacture of rigid phenolic foams. This is a new step towards the development and future commercialization of more environmentally friendly materials. Furthermore, condensed flavonoid tannins were also used in the development of tannins-furanic biobased rigid foams. Quebracho wood tannin extract was coupled with furfuryl alcohol another material of natural, agricultural origin. These "green" foams show good mechanical strength, good thermal performance and do not burn, thus they are entirely suitable for use in building insulation. Finally, new types of materials made from the same natural products (tannins and furfuryl alcohol) were developed during the research described in this thesis: biobased abrasive and friction materials. Abrasive wheels and abrasive discs for steel molding and steel cutting using a biobased matrix were thus developed and tested. Moreover, automotive brake pads were prepared and were tested under real vehicle application conditions. All these new materials showed excellent properties compared to commercial materials and yielded excellent results comparable and sometime superior to their synthetic commercial equivalents
De l'étude des paramètres physico-mécaniques des revêtements vers le développement de finitions performantes sur bois en extérieur by Lise Malassenet( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Wood used outdoors is subject to aesthetic damages and to dimensional variations due to alternation of dry and wet periods. Therefore, a protection with a coating is recommended. Coatings need to be soft enough to follow variations of wood and at the same time hard enough to be able to withstand possible damages (impact). Hence, mechanical properties of coatings play a major role in their service life. However in Europe, coating performances are mainly assessed through weathering tests followed by visual assessments, color and gloss measurements and adherence tests. The aim of this work is to develop a thorough methodology to assess coating performances in order to better understand the resistance of coatings to weathering. The final objective of this project is an industrial development of innovating wood coatings for outdoors with good performances to weathering during their service life. Through our study, performances of commercial coating were assessed using conventional standardized tests from the EN 927 series but also with other methods in order to gain an extensive understanding of their physic-mechanical properties. Hence, damping and indentation tests on coated wood were investigated as well as tensile tests on free films. Persoz pendulum was particularly used as a tool to approach easily and quickly mechanical properties of coatings. This work established a link between damping test results and coating performances exposed to artificial and natural weathering. Tensile tests on free films have supported these results as a good correlation between damping hardness and some mechanical properties was found. Last but not least, the analysis of damping hardness variations versus weathering time has lead to a better understanding in the development of damages and to the establishment of performance specifications. These results allowed us to select and formulate new UV-curing formulations for outdoors. They are made of a mixture of monomers and oligomers combined with photoinitiators. At this stage, the methodology developed to assess performances has allowed the selection of the best constituents to ensure good performances to weathering
Characteristics of lathe check and surface roughness of fast growing wood veneers and their performance on laminated veneer lumber by Istie Rahayu-Sekartiing( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The development of plantation and community forest to meet wood demand in society has produced fast growing wood species. The research objectives were 1) to determine demarcation point/transition age between juvenile and mature wood on sengon (Falcataria moluccana), jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba Miq.), poplar (Populus sp) and douglas fir (Psedotsuga menzii); 2) to analyze the effect of juvenility on lathe check, surface roughness and wettability; 3) to analyze the effect of lathe check and juvenility on glue bond strength and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) bending properties; and 4) to apply a new analytical model to determine the variation of specific MOE LVL values of sengon and jabon from pith to bark. Based on fiber length trait, the demarcation point between juvenile and mature wood were approximately at segmented rings 17th (sengon) and at segmented ring 24th (jabon). While, transition age of poplar cultivars and douglas-fir, transition age happened approximately at 12 years old and 18 years old, respectively. The results showed that wood near pith on sengon and jabon resulted veneers with higher lathe check, rougher surface and high wettability, while wood near bark resulted veneers with lower lathe check, smoother surface and low wettability. Glue bond strength, Specific MOE (SMOE) and Specific MOR (Modulus of Rupture) of sengon and jabon LVL were decreased as the frequency of lathe check increased or those strength values increased from pith to bark. The advantage of using poplar veneers from mature wood was proved with an improvement of 15 to 20% on average for mechanical properties, while for douglas-fir, was 7 to 22%. An analytical model was used to predict the variation of the LVL mechanical characteristics using different scenarios. According to the context of this study assumed to be close to the Indonesian resource there is no need to sort veneers since most of the tree is juvenile wood for logs no older than 7
Différence de couleur entre duramen et aubier du bois de Pin maritime : identification moléculaire, homogénéisation et évolution by Jérémy Mehats( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Le pin maritime est l'une des espèces de conifères les plus communes retrouvées dans le Sud-Ouest de la France, couvrant plus de 10% de la surface forestière totale du territoire. A ce jour, il est surtout utilisé pour son bois, qui est transformé par les industriels en produits finis de différentes qualités, allant de l'emballage (palettes) à du matériel plus technique, pour la construction par exemple. Cependant, le retour des consommateurs ainsi que les cahiers des charges des opérateurs ont permis d'identifier une problématique majeure : la différence de couleur entre le duramen et l'aubier.Cette essence possède un duramen de couleur caractéristique allant du rosé au rouge sang et un aubier ayant une teinte plus claire, jaune-beige. Cette différence est à l'origine d'inhomogénéités esthétiques qui vont dévaloriser la valeur commerciale du bois, notamment celle des produits finis techniques. Afin de palier à cette problématique, les industriels s'intéressent aux différentes méthodes existantes pour réduire cet écart de coloration.L'objectif de cette thèse est, après avoir identifié les différences de composition chimique entre duramen et aubier, de pouvoir diminuer cette différence de couleur par l'utilisation de traitements issus des procédés papetiers, en particulier ceux basés sur la chimie du peroxyde d'hydrogène
Modulation des propriétés macroscopiques des fibres de pin maritime par polymérisation radicalaire contrôlée amorcée depuis la surface : élaboration de bio-hybrides fonctionnels. by Damien Tastet( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Ce travail s'inscrit au sein du projet régional de recherche BEMA (Bois Eco Matériaux Aquitaine) qui allie partenaires universitaires et industriels afin de valoriser, à travers la filière panneaux de particules, des ressources abondantes en Aquitaine : le maïs et le Pin Maritime. L'objectif de cette thèse est de greffer de manière covalente des chaînes de polymère à la surface de fibres de bois afin de modifier leur état de surface et de favoriser leur comptabilisation avec un liant naturel et/ou synthétique. Pour atteindre cet objectif, nous avons choisi d'utiliser une technique de polymérisation particulière, la polymérisation radicalaire contrôlée. Le contexte scientifique international du début de la thèse montre la faisabilité du projet de par la réalisation de plusieurs études sur de la cellulose modèle de type papier filtre. Le défi de cette thèse consiste à transposer ce mécanisme sur des fibres de bois brutes afin de leur conférer de nouvelles propriétés (résistance à l'eau, caractère fongicide, meilleure comptabilisation...). Afin d'atteindre l'objectif énoncé ci-dessus, nous avons développé plusieurs aspects de la chimie des polymères en mettant en oeuvre différentes techniques de synthèse (RAFT, NMP) mais aussi de caractérisation adaptées à la présence de fibres de bois brutes (Mesure d'angle de contact, TGA, XPS). Enfin, nous avons valorisé la présence de polymères fonctionnels en insérant à la surface des fibres de bois des nanoparticules d'oxyde de silice ou de métaux de manière contrôlée
Tanins condensés pour mousses rigides et nouvelles réactions de réticulations des matériaux polyphénoliques by Francisco José Santiago-Medina( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Une alternative aux produits industriels de type phénol ou résorcinol peut être des tanins ou de la lignine. Les deux sont des polyphénols naturels, le tanin est extrait de différentes parties de plantes, tandis que la lignine est habituellement obtenue comme sous-produit dans les industries papetières. Ces deux produits sont la base principale sur laquelle j'ai travaillé pendant le développement de cette thèse. Dans une première partie, une étude de caractérisation et de différenciation entre différents tannins ayant la même origine mais que présentent un comportement différent lorsqu'ils sont utilisés dans la même application dans les mêmes conditions a été effectuée. Cette étude met en évidence la GPC comme technique fondamentale pour la différenciation des tanins de quebracho sulfités. D'autre part, les interactions entre différentes substances avec du tanin et de la lignine ont été étudiées. Comme l'étude de la réaction entre les diamines (telles que l'hexaméthylènediamine) avec du tanin et de la lignine pour obtenir des résines polycondensées. En outre, dans cette section ont été obtenus des polyuréthanes avec au moins 70% de substances naturelles dans leur préparation sans utiliser d'isocyanate dans le procédé. De plus, des aldéhydes dérivés de la lignine, comme la vanilline, ont été utilisés avec le tanin de pin pour la fabrication d'adhésifs dans la préparation de panneaux de particulaires, obtenant des résultats satisfaisants selon les normes européennes et des substances complètement naturelles. Enfin, dans le cadre d'un projet industriel les étapes initiales pour le développement d'une mousse de tanin rigide applicable par projection pour l'isolation thermique des bâtiments ont été réalisées. Lorsqu'un nouveau système de moussage mécanique a été développé pour des mousses de tanin basées sur des mousses de lutte contre incendie à base de tanin ou dans les mousses des opérations d'ouverture du tunnel, ce nouveau système de moussage évite les problèmes de retrait lors de la formation de la mousse
Développement de bio-composites à base de fibres végétales et de colles écologiques by Houda Saad( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The integration of natural cellulosic fibers from annual plants and agricultural residues and agro-industrial materials in the development of composite structures and the development of new bio-based adhesives, are now a research field with growing interest. The thesis was conducted within the framework of "Eco-panels" program, which its two main objectives were firstly, to enhance plant fibers of Tunisian origin as alfa, rush and palm leaflets and then to evaluate the potential of Tunisian plant species whose bark is rich in tannins (pomegranate fruit, sumac roots and Aleppo pine trunk). The characterization studies of fibers showed that their densities are less than 1. The calculation of the fiber saturation point (FSP) shows values mostly between 60 and 100 %. We were also able to characterize the impregnation kinetics of water for each of these fibers. The impregnation stabilizes after 24 h of immersion. Rich in minerals (concentrations greater than 1 %), the fibers showed levels of cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose comparable to those generally encountered with wood fibers. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) shows that the plant matrices are thermally stable for temperatures below 200 ° C. The colorimetric assay of the polyphenolic composition of tanniferous matrices, the infrared analysis and the structural study of the tannins extract, as well as the calculation of "Stiasny number" show the high content in hydrolysable tannins for pomegranate barks and richness of Aleppo pine trunk barks and sumac roots barks in condensed tannins. The study by TGA of the thermal properties of tannins extracts shows that Aleppo pine and sumac tannins are thermally more stable than those of pomegranate. The formulation made from hexamine and Aleppo pine tannins has the greatest elasticity modulus. While the formulation prepared from pomegranate tannins forms the least dense network. These results were confirmed by the study of the shear strength. The study conducted on fiber-plaster composites (implementation and physico-mechanical characterization of composites) showed that local fiber could be an alternative to imported fibers used currently. A first characterization of the thermal conductivity of insulation panels made from local plant fibers and tannins adhesives shows an average conductivity of 0,106 W / Km
Étude de la mise au point d'un vernis industriel à base de colophane et d'huile végétale by Manon Francès( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The aim of this project is to study the development of an industrial varnish with rosin and vegetal oil. The objective is to develop the uses of maritime pine rosin in order to make a varnish based on antique knowledge (Tirat 2016). The varnish used at the end of the XVIIe and at the beginning of the XVIIIe century by the violinmaker Antonio Stradivari get our attention. It has an exceptional quality and was made with a mixture of rosin and linseed oil (Echard 2010). On this knowledge basis, we would like to produce an industrialized biobased varnish with high performance. This work is part of the collaborative project Stradivarius, labelled Xylofutur, which associate the University of Pau and Adour region, the “Cité de la musique” (Paris), the FCBA (Bordeaux), Créteil university, Concept Aquitaine (Bordeaux), Finsa (Morcenx), Biogemme-Holiste (Biscarosse), Meubles Goisnard (Belin-Beliet) and the association Api'Up (Capbreton).The raw materials are linseed oil (Onyx) and maritime pine rosin colophony from Biscarosse (Holiste). After resin drying between 120°C and 180°C, the residual turpentine in the rosin were analyzed with a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The oils and rosins are heat treated with a stirring hot plate and the real temperature was obtained with a thermocouple.Then, various varnishes were formulated with linseed oil, colophony and additives thanks to a stirring hot plate. They were applied with a brush and polymerized with UVA lamps. The film colors were measured with a spectrophotometer (Ci62, X-rite). The brightness was measured using a gloss meters (micro-gloss, BYK Gardner). Adhesion test was performed using a pull-off adhesion tester (TA, Positest).The analysis were realised using the following devices : thermomechanical analysis (, Mettler Toledo), thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA Q500, TA instruments), high-performance liquid chromatography (Ultimate 3000, Thermo Scientific), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC Q20, TA instruments) and an electrospray hybrid linear ion Orbitap mass analyzer (LTQ Orbitrap Velos, Thermo-Fisher).The experiments have been carried on three axes :- Heat treatment on linseed oil and the influences on the varnish. Five treatments have been tested : raw oil, two heat treatments lower than 200°C, a flushing with water before a heat treatment lower than 200°C, and a standolization at 400°C under nitrogen.- Heat treatment on rosin and the influences on the varnish. Four treatments have been tested : raw rosin, and three heat treatments, 180°C, 200°C and 250°C during 30 minutes.- Addition of minerals additives and their influences on the curing and the quality of the varnish.The heat treatments on both linseed oil and rosin seems to have an influence on the varnish quality, especially on its brightness and its solvent resistance. The addition of additives considerably improve the curing time and the varnish quality. A know-how deposit is in progress for this formulation with additives
Développement de nouvelles méthodes de préservation du bois basées sur l'utilisation combinée d'un traitement thermique et de borax by Solafa Salman( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Les pressions environnementales apparues en France et en Europe au cours des dernières décennies ont considérablement changé les méthodes de protection du bois. Dans ce contexte, le règlement relatif aux produits biocides et la directive relative aux produits biocides conduisent au développement de méthodes de préservation plus soucieuses de l'environnement et à l'intérêt croissant pour des alternatives non biocides comme le traitement thermique ou la modification chimique. Le traitement thermique à des températures de 180 à 220°C conduit à la modification chimique de la structure des différents constituants pariétaux du bois en lui conférant de nouvelles propriétés comme une meilleure résistance aux champignons basidiomycètes et une grande stabilité dimensionnelle. Malgré ces améliorations, la durabilité conférée au bois traité thermiquement demeure insuffisante pour des applications en classes 3 ou 4 dans lesquelles le bois est en contact avec le sol ou est en présence de termites. Par ailleurs, le bore sous forme d'acide borique ou de borax présente des propriétés fongicides et termiticides. Cependant, les produits à base de bore présentent l'inconvénient d'être très facilement lessivables les rendant inutilisables pour des applications en conditions extérieures. Les modifications chimiques réalisées suite à l'imprégnation de solutions à 10% d'anhydride maléique de polyglycérol ou de méthacrylates de polyglycérol ou de résine phénol formaldéhyde avec ou sans borax avant le traitement thermique ont apporté une amélioration des propriétés des bois modifiés thermiquement et surtout une résistance aux termites avec ou sans lessivage
Caractérisation chimique et application à la préservation du bois des oléorésines d'Aucoumea klaineana (Okoumé), Canarium schweinfurthii (Aiélé), Dacryodes buettneri (Ozigo) et Dacryodes edulis (Safoutier) du Gabon by Walter Fiacre Bédounguindzi( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Ce travail évalue l'apport des trois fractions (RB, RP et HE) d'Ak, Cs, Db et De du Gabon dans la préservation. Pour cela, une analyse chimique par GC/MS des trois fractions a d'abord été faite, ensuite l'étude de leurs activités antifongique et antitermite, enfin l'étude de leurs effets dans la protection des blocs de bois suite aux attaques des agents de dégradation. Les résultats des analyses chimiques montrent que les HE sont constitués des monoterpènes et de monoterpénoïdes, alors que les RB et RP sont composes d'un mélange de monoterpènes, de monoterpénoïdes et de triterpènes. Les tests biologiques de ces derniers vis-à-vis de PP, CP, CV et PS, montrent une faible activité antifongique, mais montrent une forte activité antitermite. Ces fractions améliorent la durabilité du bois contre les champignons a 20%, et une bonne résistance aux blocs de bois vis-à-vis des termites. Ces dernières associées au Tébuconazole, augmentent la résistance du bois face aux agents de dégradation du bois. Leurs caractères lessivables sont clairement mis en évidence
Caractérisation et optimisation des propriétés d'isolants thermiques non tissés à base de fibres de bois by Pierre Vignon( )

1 edition published in 2020 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The works presented here fit into current context of strong commercial development potential of bio-sourced insulators. They are carried out as part of a CIFRE PhD financed by the company FINSA France. They took place at I2M laboratory in Bordeaux, within an industrial project, ECOMATFIB (ADEME BIP, 2014-2017) : ECOconception et Optimisation multi-objectif de MATériaux isolants à base de FIBres de bois. The Objective of this PhD is to design, manufacture, characterize and optimize properties of thermal insulation based on wood fibers, produced using nonwoven textile process. After analysis of wood resource present in the New-Aquitaine region, insulating materials were designed out of sheets from maritime pine, pine taeda, poplar and eucalyptus wood fibers with addition of thermoplastic fibers then thermally consolidated in hot air oven. After preliminary identification of adjustment parameters of nonwoven chain available in I2M laboratory, many fibrous materials were made from diversified raw materials and suitable machine parameters. These bio-based materials were thermally characterized mainly by hot plane method and then in hydric manner to know their ability to interact with relative humidity of ambient air. Finally, their characterization in compression made it possible to study their propensity to preserve their properties after mechanical stress. Datas collected made it possible to identify parameters of raw materials as well as manufacturing process having significant impact on properties of these insulators. A first approach to modeling properties has led to identification of avenues to improve thermal properties and to validate their very good capacity for water regulation
 
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