WorldCat Identities

Freeze, Hudson H.

Overview
Works: 4 works in 5 publications in 1 language and 41 library holdings
Roles: Editor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Hudson H Freeze
Essentials of glycobiology by Ajit Varki( )

2 editions published between 1999 and 2009 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Basic information needed to understand essentials of glycobiology
Glycosyltransferase genes that cause monogenic congenital disorders of glycosylation are distinct from glycosyltransferase genes associated with complex diseases( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract Glycosylation of proteins, lipids and proteoglycans in human cells involves at least 167 identified glycosyltransferases (GTfs), and these orchestrate the biosynthesis of diverse types of glycoconjugates and glycan structures. Mutations in this part of the genome—the GTf-genome—cause more than 58 rare, monogenic congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs). They are also statistically associated with a large number of complex phenotypes, diseases or predispositions to complex diseases based on Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS). CDGs are extremely rare and often with severe medical consequences. In contrast, GWAS are likely to identify more common genetic variations and generally involve less severe and distinct traits. We recently confirmed that structural defects in GTf genes are extremely rare, which seemed at odds with the large number of GWAS pointing to GTf-genes. To resolve this issue, we surveyed the GTf-genome for reported CDGs and GWAS candidates; we found little overlap between the two groups of genes. Moreover, GTf-genes implicated by CDG or GWAS appear to constitute different classes with respect to their: (i) predicted roles in glycosylation pathways; (ii) potential for partial redundancy by closely homologous genes; and (iii) transcriptional regulation as evaluated by RNAseq data. Our analysis suggest that more complex traits are caused by dysregulation rather than structural deficiency of GTfs, which suggests that some glycosylation reactions may be predicted to be under tight regulation for fine-tuning of important biological functions
Variant in human POFUT1 reduces enzymatic activity and likely causes a recessive microcephaly, global developmental delay with cardiac and vascular features( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract Protein O-fucosyltransferase-1 (POFUT1) adds O-fucose monosaccharides to epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeats found on approximately 100 mammalian proteins, including Notch receptors. Haploinsufficiency of POFUT1 has been linked to adult-onset Dowling Degos Disease (DDD) with hyperpigmentation defects. Homozygous deletion of mouse Pofut1 results in embryonic lethality with severe Notch-like phenotypes including defects in somitogenesis, cardiogenesis, vasculogenesis and neurogenesis, but the extent to which POFUT1 is required for normal human development is not yet understood. Here we report a patient with a congenital syndrome consisting of severe global developmental delay, microcephaly, heart defects, failure to thrive and liver disease with a previously unreported homozygous NM_015352.1: c.485C>T variant (p.Ser162Leu) in POFUT1 detected by exome sequencing. Both parents are heterozygotes and neither manifests any signs of DDD. No other detected variant explained the phenotype. This variant eliminated a conserved N-glycosylation sequon at Asn160 in POFUT1 and profoundly decreased POFUT1 activity in patient fibroblasts compared to control fibroblasts. Purified p.Ser162Leu mutant protein also showed much lower POFUT1 activity with a lower affinity for EGF acceptor substrate than wild type POFUT1. Eliminating the N-glycan sequon by replacing Asn160 with Gln had little effect on POFUT1 activity, suggesting that loss of the glycan is not responsible for the defect. Furthermore, the p.Ser162Leu mutant showed weaker ability to rescue Notch activity in cell-based assays. These results suggest that this N-glycan of POFUT1 is not required for its proper enzymatic function, and that the p.Ser162Leu mutation of POFUT1 likely causes global developmental delay, microcephaly with vascular and cardiac defects
Encephalopathy caused by novel mutations in the CMP-sialic acid transporter, SLC35A1( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Transport of activated nucleotide-sugars into the Golgi is critical for proper glycosylation and mutations in these transporters cause a group of rare genetic disorders termed congenital disorders of glycosylation. We performed exome sequencing on an individual with a profound neurological presentation and identified rare compound heterozygous mutations, p. Thr156Arg and p. Glu196Lys, in the CMP-sialic acid transporter, SLC35A1 . Patient primary fibroblasts and serum showed a considerable decrease in the amount of N- and O-glycans terminating in sialic acid. Direct measurement of CMP-sialic acid transport into the Golgi showed a substantial decrease in overall rate of transport. Here we report the identification of the third patient with CMP-sialic acid transporter deficiency, who presented with severe neurological phenotype, but without hematological abnormalities
 
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Audience level: 0.64 (from 0.62 for Essentials ... to 0.88 for Glycosyltr ...)

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