WorldCat Identities

Laboratoire d'Etude de l'Apprentissage et du Développement (LEAD) (Dijon)

Overview
Works: 73 works in 126 publications in 2 languages and 130 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Other, 981
Classifications: ML3838, 153
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Laboratoire d'Etude de l'Apprentissage et du Développement (LEAD) (Dijon)
Perception et intégration des événements musicaux by Marion Pineau( )

2 editions published in 1998 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this work is to further investigate how occidental listeners integrate events of a musical piece in a global structure. They are theoretically supposed to use on one hand their implicit knowledge of tonal hierarchies, and on the other hand various cues found in each musical piece. This would allow them to build an events hierarchy for each piece heard. The generative theory of tonal music (GTTM, Lerdahl and Jackendoff, 1983) describes the successive structures infered by listeners in the establishment of events hierarchies. The results of a first study showed that perceived structures are not exactly the same as the structures predicted by the GTTM. To complete the findings concerning the last structure of the GTTM, which concerns the perception of each musical piece in a global way, a self-paste-listening method was used in a second study (the listening time of each chord was recorded). It appeared that listening times varied only on structurally important chords, and were influenced by the global structure of pieces. To further investigate this last point, the global context preceding a target chord was varied (harmonic priming method). The target chord was processed more quickly and more precisely when it was related to the global context (studies 3 and 4). These results could be interpreted either by a musical-discourse-based model (GTTM) or by a spreading activation connectionist model (Bharucha, 1987). To decide between both models, global and local contexts preceding a target chord were manipulated (study 5). Results showed a great influence of local context, which better supported predictions of the connectionist model. All these findings underline the importance of tonal hierarchies' implicit knowledge and the role of local structures in the processing of musical information
Les protocoles verbaux differés dans la production écrite : approche méthodologique by Vanda Gufoni( )

2 editions published in 1995 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La méthode des protocoles verbaux comprend différentes variantes, en fonction notamment du moment où est effectuée la verbalisation et du type de consigne donnée au sujet. Bien que les protocoles verbaux aient été empruntés à d'autres domaines que la production écrite, ils ont permis de mettre en évidence certains des principaux composants impliqués dans cette activité ainsi au leur moment d'actualisation cependant, cette méthode pose, entre autres choses, un certain nombre de questions inhérentes au rapport entre la tâche de rédaction, la prise de conscience des activités cognitives aboutissent à un produit et la verbalisation de ces activités c'est pourquoi, à l'état actuel de nos connaissances, l'utilisation conjointe des protocoles verbaux diffère et d'autres méthodes d'approche de l'activité rédactionnelle parait particulièrement intéressante et fiable
L'automatisation de la reconnaissance des mots chez l'enfant : perspectives développementales et différentielles by Sylvie Rativeau( )

2 editions published in 1998 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this research is to examin word recognition mechanism development in reading acquisition. In an alphabetic langage as french, reading acquisition can be considered as etablishment of three representation systems: graphemic, phonologic and semantic representations. The question is to study the development of these representations and connections between them during reading acquisition. Reading acquistion consist in etablishment of relations between graphemic codes, that children have to learn, and phonologic and semantic codes already installed. The major object of this study concern installation and automation of connections between these three represenations systems in beginning readers and the question of simultaneous character of indirect and direct routes development. Tasks evaluating one or other of these treatments, in children from first to fifth grade, indicate a progressive automation of graphemic codes activation until second grade. Automation of these representations seems to attain an optimal level in third grade. Results show a progressive use of phonological and orthographic routes from beginning of reading learning. Since second grade, children are sensitive to phonological and lexical chararteristics of items. This seems to indicate a early use of direct route to lexical representations
La lecture chez les enfants sourds severes et profonds, analyse des traitements phonologiques et orthographiques by Catherine Transler( Book )

2 editions published in 1999 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les recherches de la psychologie expérimentale ont souligné le rôle fondamental de la conversion graphophonologique (cgp) dans l'accès à une lecture experte chez les enfants entendants. Cependant, les enfants sourds ont un accès limité à la cgp en raison du développement de représentations phonologiques sous-spécifiées. En lecture silencieuse en particulier, les évidences en faveur d'une cgp sont peu nombreuses dans cette population. L'objectif de cette thèse est découvrir des mécanismes de cgp effectués par des enfants sourds sévères et profonds prélinguistiques lors de la lecture silencieuse d'items isolés, en mettant en évidence des unités de lecture principalement définies par la phonologie. A travers quatre expériences, nous explorons les unités de lecture fonctionnelles d'enfants sourds recrutés dans des écoles spécialisées de niveau primaire, en France et dont les résultats sont systématiquement comparés à ceux d'enfants entendants de même niveau lexical. La première expérience met en évidence l'utilisation de l'unité syllabe dans une tache de copie par l'ensemble des enfants sourds, ce qui est interprété comme l'indice de la sensibilité des enfants sourds aux régularités visuo-orthographiques de la langue écrite. Par ailleurs, l'observation d'une sensibilité à des similarités phonologiques entre pseudo-mots écrits (expérience 2) et l'observation d'unités de lecture de type graphémique dans une tache de décision lexicale en temps contrôle (expérience 3) révèlent que certains participants sourds utilisent un processus de cgp : ceux dont les scores en production et en perception de la parole orale sont les meilleurs. Cependant, la dernière expérience, qui met enjeu des mots fréquents et courts présentés lors d'une tache de détection de trigrammes en temps contrôle, ne permet pas de démontrer l'utilisation de l'unité de lecture graphémique chez les enfants sourds, tandis que c'est le cas chez des enfants entendants. Nous concluons à la possibilité d'une cgp en lecture silencieuse sur une partie de la population des enfants sourds sévères et profonds prélinguistiques, qui semble varier en fonction des contraintes cognitives engagées dans les taches proposées (contraintes temporelles et type de présentation visuelle des items)
Régulation médicale simulée : ingénierie cognitive de la conception d'un outil d'apprentissage by Laurent Boidron( )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Emergency Medical Call Center is a part of Emergency Medicine. Emergency Medical Dispatching Physician (EMDP) deals with a critical dynamic environment. SimulPhone© is a novel simulator for call center. The aim of this work is to build a training simulation tool from the cognitive engineering. With simulation scenarios, we conducted five experiments. For the first one, we tested the feasibility and determined the fields of analysis. The second study tested the validity and reliability of the simulator. We then established a cognitive performance score. The third experiment determined a subgroup with experts with the previous score. Their behaviors were analyzed for each scenario in order to establish an educational guide. The fourth experiment studied the impact of dominance on the reasoning and decision. The last one analysed the learning experience during a simulation day. Our results found (1) a significant realism of the simulator. We have demonstrated (2) the validity, reliability, intra and inter-observer simulator. These results are not affected by the profession of the participants. In the third experiment, the subgroup of experts allowed us to build an educational guide. In cardiac arrest, we observed a cognitive underload from subject to the caller in order to realise a telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We have demonstrated (4) the impact of paraverbal informations on the decision of EMDP. At least, during a training session (5), we observed previous knowledge awakening
accès lexical en production verbale : essai de mise en évidence d'une spécificité de l'écrit by Patrick Bonin( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The goal of this research was to study lexical access in written production in an experimental way to favor the conception that lexical access in written language production would share some processing levels with spoken language production system and that writing would also have some specific processing components. The review of the literature (chapitre 1) showed that studies dealing with were less advanced than those dealing with comprehension or with spoken language production. In fact, most investigations on lexical access in writing came from the cognitive neuropsychological field. According to this latter approach, lexical access in writing would not be mediated by the systematic prior retrieval of phonological codes for orthographic codes being retrieved or computed. Our position was that the neuropsychological view had to be supported by experimental data provided by normal adults. Eight experiments have been run on highly literate adults using two traditional paradigms that have been widely used to investigate spoken language production, namely the rt paradigm and the interference paradigm. These experiments are presented in chapters 2 and 3. In these experiments, spoken language production was always investigated together with written language production. In chapter 4, the main results are summarized and discussed. Future research directions are presented and discussed. The results obtained from these experiments suggested that the two language production systems would share some processing components and that lexical access in the written production of isolated words would not require the systematic and prior involvement of phonological codes
L'apprentissage implicite d'une grammaire artificielle chez l'enfant avec et sans retard mental : rôle des propriétés du matériel et influence des instructions by Arnaud Witt( )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis investigates artificial grammar implicit learning in mentally retarded and typically developing children through the role of the surface features (adjacent or non-adjacent repetitions) of the material and the influence of test instructions (implicit or explicit generation tests). One of the aims is to differentiate between four of the main implicit learning models by examining the sensitivity to the perceptually salient features of the material presented to children of different ages. The robustness of implicit learning capacities in the face of development and intellectual level is equally tested according to the permeability of the test instructions to explicit influences. Finally, these experiments study the apprehension of the training stimuli and the progressive behavioural adaptation as a function of the age of the participants and the perceptual and statistical characteristics of the material. The results reveal sensitivity to the specific surface features of the training sequences rather than to the grammatical structure from which they were built. On the one hand, Experiments 1 and 3 show that implicit learning is invariant with age and intellectual level when the test instructions limit the explicit contaminations. On the other hand, despite the same training phase used in Experiments 1 and 3, Experiments 2 and 4 indicate age effects and a performance impairment in children with mental retardation, when the test instructions elicit intentional information retrieval processes. Experiment 5 shows that different types of saliencies (perceptual, positional and statistical) guide the apprehension of the material during the training phase operating concurrently, before leading to the progressive formation of more complex units. This thesis brings elements in favour of a stimuli-specific learning, based on the attentional processing of their surface features and the involvement of basic associative mechanisms. It also confirms the postulates of robustness of implicit processes and states the methodological precautions that are necessary to the study of implicit learning capacities, such as the neutrality of the procedures to explicit influences or the use of a control group
Maintien à court terme de l'information chez l'enfant de 2 à 6 ans : oubli temporel et aide au maintien du but by Raphaëlle Bertrand( )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Working memory is an essential component of thought that is highly involved in learning and academic achievement. However, it is rarely studied in preschoolers, mainly because of a lack of suitable paradigms. Therefore, this thesis investigated the functioning of working memory in children between 2 and 6 years. For this purpose, two original paradigms were used. They were designed to be close to game situations which should help young children to focus their attention on the task. Firstly it was shown that the recall performance decreased over time, even in the absence of an interfering task. Children of this age therefore use a passive maintenance, i.e. without spontaneously implementing any strategy of maintenance. Furthermore, the decline of the information was similar through age. For the first time, it has been demonstrated that the rate of information forgetting did not vary between 2 and 6. Finally, none of these two factors, i.e. implementation of a strategy of maintenance and change in the speed of forgetting can explain the increase in memory capacity between 2 and 6 years of age. Secondly, it has been shown that the intrinsic characteristics of the task could lead to improved recall performance, perhaps by inducing a strategy of maintenance. Particularly, the implementation of a motor activity, i.e. walking during the retention period, has enabled these young children to counteract to some extent the temporal decay of information. Then, the implementation of a motor activity, by directing the attention of young children to a visual cue related to the goal of the task, help them to maintain in memory the purpose of the task. Attentional resources could be harnessed to improve performance of recall, perhaps by implementing a retention strategy
Le développement des empans de mémoire de travail et ses déterminants by Nathalie Gavens( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La psychologie cognitive actuelle place la mémoire de travail au centre du système cognitif. Etudier les contraintes qui pèsent sur le fonctionnement et le développement de cette mémoire permet d'éclairer les mécanismes qui sous-tendent le système cognitif général chez l'enfant. Les travaux décrits dans cette thèse ont pour but de déterminer les facteurs qui contraignent le fonctionnement de la mémoire de travail chez l'enfant en étudiant les différences développementales et inter individuelles d'empans. Les trois premières expériences testent les principales théories rendant compte de l'accroissement développemental des empans en mémoire de travail. Nos résultats permette de conclure que l'augmentation des performances de rappel avec l'âge est principalement due à l'effet conjugué de l'accroissement développemental de la quantité totale de ressources attentionnelles et d'une automatisation des traitements. Dans une quatrième expérience, nous testons, chez l'enfant, l'hypothèse d'un nouveau modèle fonctionnel de la mémoire de travail qui suppose que les empans dépendent de la densité de l'activité de traitement à effectuer parallèlement à l'activité de mémorisation. La dernière expérience compare les différences développementales et inter individuelles d'empans. Les résultats indiquent qu'en adaptant la densité de l'activité de traitement d'une tâche de mémoire de travail aux capacités de chaque individu, les différences inter individuelles sont presque annulées. L'ensemble de nos résultats suggère que ce ne sont pas les mêmes processus qui sous-tendent les différences développementales et inter individuelles en mémoire de travail
The development of children's perception of hierarchical patterns : an investigation across tasks and populations by Ira Puspitawati( )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The thesis investigated the development of children's global/local processing hierarchical patterns introduced by Navon (1977). The objectives were to understand more comprehensively the developmental characteristics of children's perception through their global and local processing of hierarchical patterns, by considering the effects of age, stimuli properties, duration of exposure to the stimuli and gender in a perceptual task and a drawing task. These effects were tested in 3 different populations: typically developing children, children with mental retardation and early blind children. The results revealed that typically developing children attended to both the local and global level of processing but these modes of spatial information processing operated independently. In a first step, children before 4 years of age showed dominance of local processing and then a more global processing developed at 4 years of age, and at 5 years of age integrated responses began to emerge. Early blind children showed similar developmental characteristics, although there was a protracted period of local processing dominance. Indeed, these children mainly produced local responses at ages of between 6 and 10 years, and then developed more global responses at 11-12 years and continued to integrate the two levels of analysis at later ages. On the other hand, global dominance was shown in children with mental retardation and their development was affected more by mental age than by chronological age. Moreover, their responses were shown to be sensitive to the fact that meaningful object could be located at the local level, enhancing local processing in this case. These results need further confirmations as the studies of global/local processing in atypical children are not numerous. In particular, the effect of duration of exposure to the stimuli should be further analyzed, because this factor did not seem to have a great effect in our experiments while it seemed more powerful in other studies carried out with adults. Replication of the study with children with mental retardation appears also important to plan for future work, because we can have some doubt relatively the absence of modification through ages of the way these children perceive hierarchical patterns. Finally, defining more precisely what may underlie the gender differences seems also worth to explore since gender did not show a major effect in our results
Les différents niveaux de contrôle d'une conduite graphique : à propos de la production de pauses et de longueurs dans le dessin de figures angulaires by Dominique Desbiez-Piat( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The main aim of this thesis is to investigate three major questions concerning the movements of drawing : - the extent to which people are able to exploit implicit knowledge about the biophysical properties of their effector system during graphic motor performance. - how this exploitation may be reflected in kinematic features of their movements, and - to which extent this exploitation is subject to change as a function of perceptual, attentional and decisional processes. The research questions are investigated in five experiments involving kinematic analyses of movements of drawing figures composed of acute and obtuse angles. In each experiment, the task consisted of copying or tracing angular figures under a variety of conditions. Experimental variables concerned angle type, pattern orientation, tracing versus copying, visual feedback, segment size and cognitive load variations. Results indicate that specific kinematic variables reflect how subjects exploit the elastic properties of muscles and tendons. However this exploitation is modulated by higher order process, when the task is constrained
Le lien réciproque entre musique et mouvement étudié à travers les mouvements induits par la musique by Mathieu Peckel( )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Music and movement are inseparable. The movements that are spontaneously procuded when listening to music are thought to be related to the close relationship between the perceptual and motor system in listeners. This particular link is the main topic of this thesis. A first approach was focused on the impact of music-induced movements on music cognition. In two studies, we show that moving along to music neither enhances the retention of new musical pieces (Study 1) nor the retention of the contextual information related to their encoding (Study 2). These results suggest a shallow processing inherent to the expression of musical affordances required for the production of music-induced movements in the motor task. Moreover, they suggest that music is automatically processed in a motoric fashion independantly of the task. Our results also brought forward the importance of the musical groove. A second approach focused on the influence of the perception of musical rhythms on the production of rythmic movements. Our third study tested the hypothesis that different limbs would be differentially influenced depending on the musical tempo. Results show that the tapping taks was the most influenced by the perception of musical rhythms. We argued that this would come from the similar nature of the musical pulse and the timing mecanisms involved in the tapping task and motor resonance phenomena. We also observed different strategies put in place to cope with the task. All these results are discussed in light of the link between perception and action, embodied musical cognition and musical affordances
Etude des processus d'activation et de compétition lors de la reconnaissance des mots parlés by Sophie Dufour( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Utilisant le paradigme d'amorçage phonologique, nous nous sommes intéressés aux processus d'activation et de compétition. Dans un premier temps, des facilitations de traitement ont été rapportées lorsque des amorces et des cibles partagent les premiers phonèmes. Etant donné que les études sur l'amorçage phonologique rapportent peu de données expérimentales reflétant une compétition, nous avons tenté dans un second temps, d'identifier les conditions les plus favorables à l'obtention d'un effet de compétition. Il ressort que l'efficacité d'une amorce à inhiber le traitement d'un mot-cible dépend de la longueur du désappariement. Enfin, nous avons essayé de mieux comprendre la manière dont s'effectue la compétition. Manipulant le nombre de compétiteurs, une inhibition a été rapportée uniquement pour les mots-cibles ayant peu de compétiteurs. Ce résultat supporte l'idée d'une compétition directe entre les mots
Reconnaissance et écriture de lettres cursives : une approche développementale by Estelle Chartrel-Mattesco( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ce travail de recherche porte sur l'acquisition de l'écriture de lettres cursives par les enfants, l'écriture étant abordée comme un acte graphomoteur, un mouvement qui laisse des traces. Dans un premier chapitre, nous nous sommes intéressées au développement des capacités de reconnaissance visuelle et proprioceptive des enfants pré-lettrés. Les quatre études présentées indiquent une amélioration des capacités avec l'âge et permettent de déterminer les facteurs qui influencent l'identification visuelle ou proprioceptive des lettres. Le chapitre suivant s'intéresse au rôle de différents entraînements sur la qualité du mouvement d'écriture de lettres des enfants de 5 ans, cherchant à déterminer le poids des composantes visuelle et motrice dans l'apprentissage de l'écriture. L'étude présentée au troisième chapitre a trois objectifs : observer le développement des caractéristiques du mouvement d'écriture entre 5 et 7 ans, évaluer l'impact des contraintes spatio-temporelles sur ces mêmes mouvements et obtenir des données sur la complexité motrice des lettres. Enfin, le dernier chapitre aborde le rôle des informations visuelles dans la production de lettre chez l'enfant et l'adulte. Les résultats des sept études relatées apportent des données qui concernent le développement de la reconnaissance visuelle et proprioceptive des lettres, des caractéristiques des mouvements d'écriture ainsi que la complexité des lettres cursives. Ils permettent également d'émettre des suggestions pédagogiques
Approche cognitive du contrôle qualité : de l'analyse de la tâche à la formation : le cas du contrôle des verres ophtalmiques chez ESSILOR by Maryline Galas Rebsamen( Book )

2 editions published in 2001 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette recherche a un double objectif. Le premier est d'analyser l'activité de contrôle des verres ophtalmique afin d'identifier les processus cognitifs qui y sont impliqués. Le second est d'étudier de quelle manière l'apprentissage de cette tâche peut être amélioré par des procédures de formation spécifiques. Dans un premier temps, l'activité a été analysée grâce à une comparaison expert non experts, en partant du postulat selon lequel la tâche était composée de deux étages successive, la détection et la prise de décision. Dans un second temps, deux expériences d'apprentissage ont été menées, la première portant sur l'étape de détection et la& seconde sur l'étape de décision. La première expérience a montré que l'apprentissage de la reconnaissance des différents types de défauts était facilité par une première exposition à des exemplaires prototypiques. La seconde expérience a montré que la mémorisation des différentes intensités des défauts permet une meilleure évaluation ce ces derniers que par une comparaison systématique à un étalon. Ces deux expériences ont également montré que l'apprentissage bénéficie de l'apport d'un feedback sur les réponses des apprenants. Enfin, une évaluation d'une formation au contrôle a montré que la fluctuation dans les normes d'acceptation des défauts était source d'erreurs d'omission, mais qu'en revanche, la formation permet une bonne reconnaissance des verres sans défauts ou comportant un défaut acceptable
Étude des difficultés de lecture chez l'adulte : la question de l'automatisation de la reconnaissance visuelle des mots by Christine Jourdain( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this thesis is to study the visual word-recognition processes that prevent adult efficient reading. In order to do so, first we focused on the different visual word- recognition processes (chapter 1) and on reading disabilities (chapter 2). Second, we proposed experiments (11) which investigate efficiency of word-recognition processes from on-line paradigms (chapter 3). The results show differences in word-recognition processes automatization and gradation of disabilities (chapters 4 and 5). Thus the difficulties could be both visual, phonological and lexical (group 4), or phonological with consequence on lexical processing (group 3), or strictly phonological (group 2). However such interpretations should be taken with caution since subjects of a same group do not show the identical pattern of difficulties (chapter 6)
Simulation mentale du mouvement : une approche life-span by Xanthi Skoura( Book )

2 editions published in 2007 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this thesis is to examine the motor prediction process from a life-span perspective. We carried out 3 experiments, in which we compared the temporal parameters of executed (EM) and imagined movements (IM) of young and elderly adults. Our results showed an isochrony between IM and EM for all adults when the motor task did not imply high spatiotemporal constraints. However, when the spatiotemporal difficulty of the task increased, a significant temporal difference occurred between IM and EM in elderly adults only. This difference was greater for the non-dominant arm (MND, left) than the dominant arm (MD, right). These results suggest a progressive decline of motor prediction with advance in age. We also examined the capacity of children, age 6, 8, 10 years, to imagine their own movements (tracing between mazes with different widths). In the 1st study, we found that children did modulate the duration of IM according to the maze widths, as they did for the EM, and that duration of IM was inferior to that of EM for all maze widths and for all children. However, we found that the correlation between the duration of EM and IM significantly increased with age. In the 2nd study, we examined if manual preference is integrated into the action representation. Our findings revealed that EM and IM were faster for the MD compared to MND. These results suggest a progressive improvement of motor prediction with age and also put forward the idea that manual preference is early integrated into action representation
Le rôle du voisinage orthographique lors de la reconnaissance visuelle des mots by Stéphanie Mathey( Book )

2 editions published in 1997 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aim of this research is to contribute to the understanding of lexical access mechanisms by manipulating orthographic neighborhood in lexical decision tasks. The results of experiments 1 and 2 show a facilitatory neighborhood frequency effect. This effect does not vary as a function of word size and may be due to a positive response bias induced by the task. The effect of orthographically similar words, neighbors by suppressing one letter, is examined in experiments 3 and 4. Identification performance for words with suppression neighbors and words with no neighbor are identical. We also replicate the facilitatory neighborhood frequency effect with traditional neighbors. In experiments 5, 6, and 7 we examine if a neighborhood relationship between the neighbors of a stimulus plays a role on the visual recognition of that stimulus. A facilitatory neighborhood distribution effect is observed, which is correctly predicted by the interactive-activation model. In addition, an inhibitory neighborhood frequency effect appears when the pseudoword context is difficult, which suggests a strategic bias. As a whole, the results are compatible with the interactive-activation model, but seem to vary according to the task difficulty. Explanations based on strategic effects are examined
La texture en musique : sa contribution pour la composition, l'apprentissage de la musique et ses effets sur la perception musicale et la cognition des enfants sourds implantés by Sandrine Perraudeau( )

2 editions published in 2019 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the second half of the 20th century, the emergence of the notion of texture created new perspectives in the field of composition and music understanding. Today, it is clear that this notion became a valuable and major tool to analyse music by exceeding classic elements such as note, interval, rhythm, melody, and so on. The first part will be dedicated to define exactly this notion, and to analyze its use in the contemporary repertory and to introduce some thougths on its status in musicology. The second part will approach the question of deaf children hearing perception based on behavioral studies. The evaluation of the perceptual skills of deaf children in the field of music suffering at present from a lack of tool, we shall study how the use of the texture can contribute to improve our current educational practices for chlidren, more particularly among deaf children with cochlear implant
Développement de l'organisation syntaxique du dessin chez l'enfant de 5 à 10 ans et l'adulte et sensibilité au contexte by Valérie Marot( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The syntactic level of drawing refers to the way the subject organizes the production of his/her movements. This organization may be described at a local level, which concerns the way in which a segment is traced (graphic rules), or at a global level, which corresponds to the order in which the units are drawn (graphic strategies). The aim of this thesis is to determine if some features are characteristic of syntactic organization at different ages, which would reflect a sequential development, or if major variability exists in graphic production according to contextual manipulations. Different tasks involving the copying of geometrical figures were submitted to children aged between 5 and 10 years old and to adults. The first study reveals the existence of three developmental steps in the use of graphic rules according to pattern complexity. The second experimental section studied the development of graphic strategies. One experiment, in which the subjects were asked to copy freely, indicates that strategy types are characteristic of different ages. Four priming studies and a study presenting a completion task were also conducted and reveal changes in the relationship between age and strategy type. Nevertheless, 6 year old children and adults modify their graphic behavior only if the task obliges them to do so. All our results suggests the necessity of integrating models which postulate the existence of a sequential development and those which insist on the impact of context. Finally, the last experimental section concerns the drawing behavior of dyslexic children. These children adhere less to graphic rules and present more planning difficulties than children of the same age who read normally
 
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WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
Alternative Names
Centre national de la recherche scientifique

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France). Laboratoire d'Etude de l'Apprentissage et du Développement

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France). Unité Mixte de Recherche (5022)

Laboratory for Research on Learning and Development

LEAD

LIFL

Lille Computer Science Laboratory

UMR 5022

UMR 8022

UMR5022

Université de Bourgogne. Laboratoire d'Etude de l'Apprentissage et du Développement

Université de Bourgogne. Unité Mixte de Recherche (5022)

Université des sciences et techniques

Languages
French (38)

English (2)