WorldCat Identities

Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques

Overview
Works: 110 works in 123 publications in 2 languages and 274 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals 
Roles: Other, isb, Degree grantor
Classifications: HD87, 338.9
Publication Timeline
.
Most widely held works by Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques
Economic policy by Centre for Economic Policy Research (Great Britain)( )

in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic Policy is at the forefront of economic policy debate. Since its inception, Economic Policy has published some of the most cited studies anywhere in the world - on financial crises, deregulation, unions, the euro and other pressing international topics
Working paper( )

in Undetermined and English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

PSE working papers by Paris-Jourdan sciences économiques( )

in Undetermined and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Essais sur les causes et conséquences des politiques migratoires by Giuseppe Russo( Book )

2 editions published between 2006 and 2013 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

At first, the thesis analyzes the effect of migratory flows from poor to rich countries. Whereas the recent literature established that a brain drain could lead to a brain gain, this result is easily reversed. Then, the difference between temporary and permanent migration is studied from the point of view of the effects on the social and cultural assimilation of the immigrants. With a linear two-period model, one shows that, since immigrants convey their cultural values to their sons, the restrictive policies incentivate the creation of ethnic enclaves, and delay the assimilation. Secondly, the vote on immigration is studied. The majority of the results shows a polarization of the voters between free immigration and no immigration. The thesis shows why the vote leads to interior results. The development of the selective policies is interpreted like an entry barrier aiming at defending a qualified median voter
Trois essais en microéconomie de la finance et de la banque by Jean-Édouard Colliard( Book )

2 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse inclut trois articles théoriques dont le but est de prendre en compte des frictions institutionnelles ou liées à la régulation pour expliquer certains dysfonctionnements du marché, d'épisodes temporaire d'illiquidité à des crises financières. Ce programme de recherches, associé à ce qu'on appelle parfois la finance institutionnelle (institutional finance), est développé ici dans trois applications : la régulation des banques, l'agrégation de l'information sur les marchés financiers, et la dynamique des marchés à ordres à cours limité. Le thème commun de ces trois articles est de montrer comment les marchés financiers sont affectés par l'interaction de frictions et de comportements stratégiques et, éventuellement, d'étudier de possibles remèdes à apporter
Informations, incitations et comportements de santé : trois essais en économie du développement by Pascaline Dupas( Book )

2 editions published between 2006 and 2013 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Au moyen de quatre programmes expérimentaux mis en oeuvre au Kenya, on identifie des leviers informationnels et incitatifs entraînant l'adoption de comportements préventifs dans un environnement à morbidité forte et aux ressources limitées. On montre qu'informer les adolescents sur la probabilité d'infection par le VIH selon le sexe et l'âge a un effet déterminant sur leurs comportements sexuels, en particulier sur la sélection du partenaire, alors qu'informer les adolescents sur la probabilité d'infection moyenne reste sans effet. On établit également que réduire les frais de scolarisation augmente le coût d'opportunité d'une grossesse pour les adolescentes, et de ce fait réduit le risque qu'elles aient des rapports sexuels non-protégés. Enfin, on montre que subventionner la distribution de moustiquaires dans les cliniques prénatales engendre des externalités positives importantes sur la participation aux programmes prénataux et de la transmission verticale du SIDA
Étude des effets locaux d'équilibre général des programmes de transferts monétaires conditionnels by Michael Christian Lehmann( Book )

2 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

My doctoral dissertation attempts to explore how cash transfers affect the local economy's equilibrium, and how this in turn affects the entire village population (including those household not targeted by the cash transfer program). In chapter 1, I explore the relationship between local general equilibrium effects and consumption. Taking the example of the well-known Progresa conditional cash transfer randomized experiment, I explore what more can be learned about the intervention's consumption effect if the experimental data is analyzed within a general equilibrium framework. In chapter 2, I study the local general equilibrium effects another popular type of conditional cash transfer program aiming to transform the lives of the poorest in society: cash transfers promoting micro-enterprise development. While the effects of this type of aid intervention on aid recipients have received considerable attention by the literature, their local general equilibrium effects have been almost completely ignored. I use a structural model and a randomized experiment to study the local general equilibrium effects of small business cash transfers to households impoverished by years of civil war in Uganda. In chapter 3, I explore the implications of local general equilibrium effects for variables other than consumption. I study in more depth the implications for labor supply. Moreover, I ask how successful are conditional cash transfer programs in reducing rural inequality? Finally, chapter 3 also explores how local general equilibrium effects may spill-over to populations outside the village
Trois essais sur l'emploi public dans les pays en développement by Clément Imbert( Book )

2 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

En économie, l'emploi public est souvent étudié en référence à l'efficacité de la provision de biens et de services collectifs. A rebours de cette approche, cette thèse réunit trois articles qui traitent de l'emploi public dans les pays en développement sous trois angles différents. Le premier étudie les différences de salaire entre le secteur public et le secteur privé au Vietnam et leur évolution entre 1993 et 1998 ; cette période se caractérise par un avantage croissant aux salariés du public. Nous montrons que cette évolution est due à une augmentation des salaires des plus qualifiés dans le public et non à la sélection de salariés plus productifs. Notre interprétation de ce résultat est que l'augmentation des salaires du public répond à des motifs politiques. Le second article étudie un programme national d'emploi garanti en Inde, qui offre à tout ménage rural 100 jours de travail sur les chantiers publics. Nous montrons que ce programme diminue l'emploi privé et augmente les salaires des moins qualifiés. L'augmentation des salaires profite aux ménages les plus pauvres au détriment des plus riches, ce qui redouble l'effet redistributif du programme. Le troisième article évalue les effets d'une campagne d'information menée au moment des élections locales au Rajasthan (Inde), qui soulignait les responsabilités des élus dans la mise en place du même programme d'emploi garanti. Nous montrons que la campagne a découragé les élus sortants les moins performants et à l'inverse encouragé de nouveaux candidats, d'origine plus défavorisée, à se présenter. Ceci suggère que la provision d'emploi public est un enjeu fort qui peut modifier l'équilibre politique au niveau local
Essays on the unintended effects of cash transfer programs by Matteo Bobba( Book )

2 editions published between 2011 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This dissertation combines some specific features of the Mexican Progresa¬Oportunidades Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) program with credible sources of exogenous variations in order to shed light on three distinct indirect effects of the intervention on individual behaviors. The first part studies the role of the program in enhancing higher educational aspirations through social interactions among the targeted population. To this aim, we evaluate the effects of the geographic concentration of recipients living in different but neighboring villages on individual enrollment decisions. The second part ofthe analysis explores the effects of cash transfer on the functioning of the labor market in this setting, by focusing in particular on the driving factors behind the decision to become micro-entrepreneur. We interpret the program as a random variation in households' income and show that receiving its benefits increases the probability of entering self-employment both from salaried work and from unemployment. We next explore whether cash transfers enhance entrepreneurship as they provide liquidity to undertake some initial capital investment or rather as they foster the willingness to bear the risk posed by entrepreneurial returns. The third and last part considers one possible political economy by-product of the intervention by inspecting the effects of cash transfers targeted to the poor on the allocation of tactical transfers across government levels. We find strong supportive evidence in favor of a displacement effect of the cash transfer program on discretionary intra-governmental transfers and no effects on targeted transfers. This displacement effect seems to have deteriorated the amount of public goods provided in districts with many program beneficiaries. Redistributive politics thus creates a welfare trade-off for CCT recipients and a net welfare decrease for non-recipients. Accordingly, we found negative electoral results for mayors affiliated with the federal incumbent's party, especially in opposition stronghold districts
Fiscalité optimale et incidences fiscales : analyses théoriques et estimations sur réformes françaises de la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée et de la taxe professionnelle, 1987-2004 by Clément Carbonnier( Book )

2 editions published between 2006 and 2015 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La présente thèse de Doctorat s'intéresse à l'étude de la fiscalité optimale au travers d'analyses des incidences sur l'économie, et en particulier les comportements des entreprises, de taxes indirectes sur la consommation et de la taxe professionnelle, taxe locale payée par les entreprises. Une première partie s'attache à comprendre l'impact de la TVA sur les prix. Tout d'abord en mesurant l'ajustement des prix après des variations de TVA, puis en regardant les asymétries d'ajustement à la hausse et à la baisse. Dans la seconde partie sont étudiées les incidences des fiscalités directes locales sur les choix d'implantation des entreprises. Les liens entre décentralisation, optimalité des décisions d'investissement public et concurrence fiscale sont étudiées
Essais autour du capital social by Marc Sangnier( Book )

2 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le capital social est constitué des valeurs qui poussent les individus à coopérer et à agir avec réciprocité et empathie en l'absence de tout mécanisme de contrôle formel. Le capital social se manifeste au travers de la confiance, mais aussi via les opinions favorables à la responsabilité collective plutôt qu'individuelle en ce qui concerne la sécurité économique. Cette thèse amène de nouvelles réponses aux deux questions fondamentales que se pose la littérature. Quelles sont les conséquences des différences en matière de valeurs sur l'activité économique ? Qu'est-ce qui détermine l'existence de telles valeurs ? Les deux premiers chapitres s'intéressent à la relation entre la confiance d'une part, et la volatilité macroéconomique et le développement financier d'autre part. L'analyse montre que la confiance réduit la volatilité économique et favorise le développement financier tant dans l'espace que dans le temps. Le troisième documente une relation non-monotone entre normes de coopération et générosité de l'état-providence. Des états-providences généreux peuvent exister à la fois dans des pays dotés d'un fort niveau de confiance et dans ceux où elle est plus faible si les citoyens sont nombreux à profiter indûment du système d'assurance sociale. La question de l'origine des valeurs est abordée dans les deux derniers chapitres. Le quatrième s'intéresse à la persistance des valeurs liées au mythe des débuts de l'industrie minière aux États-Unis : la responsabilité individuelle et l'opposition à l'intervention publique. Le dernier se penche sur les changements de la confiance envers les dirigeants et les institutions en Afrique à la suite d'émeutes ou de manifestations
Dynamique de l'offre productive : diffusion technologique, jeunes entreprises, migrants by Pierre-Yves Cabannes( Book )

2 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In chapter 1, I develop a neo-schumpeterian model of technology diffusion, where the positive externality related to diffusion has a negative indirect effect, through the capital market equilibrium, wich decreases the probability to implement the best technologies. In the long run, there are four different growth regimes. In chapter 2, I study the relationships between technical progress, technology diffusion and education. I check the robustness of the results of Benhabib and Spiegel (2005). I get opposite results on technology diffusion but the effect of the level of education on TFP growth is still positive. In chapter 3, I study, in the case of France, the links between the initial size of a firm and its survival. The relation between initial employment and the hazard rate is new in the international litterature. In chapter 4, I evaluate the effect on firm life duration of a public subsidy, called "ACCRE". It is one year payroll exemption, given after a selection process. Taking into account this endogeneity, we get a non-significant causal effect of ACCRE. I chapter 5, I study the effect of international migrations on GDP per capita growth. The effect of net migration is better than the one of natural population growth, but its global impact is not significant. Finally, in chapter 6, I study differences about firms created in France according to the founder's nationality. I suggest a method to divide the difference between survival rates into a part related to observed explanatory variables and a part related to unobserved factors. The latter is dominating
Macroeconomic dynamics : employment, productivity, and the role of frictions by Rudy Verlhac( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis is concerned with two major economic challenges of the past decade. The first two chapters deal with the employment effects of financial crises and the third one focuses on the secular productivity slowdown and rising firm inequality. The first chapter investigates the role of financial conditions for employment dynamics, by revisiting Okun's law relationship and its potential asymmetry. It shows that Okun's law asymmetry doesn't occur during all recessions but only when these episodes are associated with financial disruptions. This chapter suggests that the asymmetry in Okun's law is possibly related to the directeffects of financial constraints on firms' labour demand, in line with the mechanism discussed by Jermann and Quadrini (2012).The second chapter focuses on the 2008-9 global financial crisis and identifies the effect of liquidity constraints on employmentrelated to the aforementioned mechanism. This chapter uses unique data from the DynEmp project (OECD), and exploits thesemicro-aggregated data based on the universe of firms for 13 countries. This chapter shows that liquidity constraints affect employment mainly through the job destruction margin. The third chapter focuses on the recent productivity slowdown, taking into account firm hetero geneity, thanks to the MultiProd dataset (OECD) that provides a detailed accounting of productivity dynamics for the universe of firms in a large number of countries. This chapter focuses on firms at the bottom of the productivity distribution, laggards, and highlights a slow diffusion of technology and knowledge, due to barriers related to the digital transformation
Essays in microeconomics by Matthew Olckers( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans ce mémoire, j'étudie trois sujets de microéconomie : le ciblage, les jeux de hasard et l'épargne-retraite. Le premier chapitre, basé sur un travail conjoint avec Francis Bloch, examine une approche du ciblage basée sur le classement par les amis. Un planificateur social a pour objectif d'extraire un classement des individus en demandant à chaque individu de classer ses amis. Nous étudions comment la structure du réseau social de la communauté détermine la capacité du planificateur à extraire un classement véridique et efficace. Notre analyse souligne l'importance des amis communs. Le deuxième chapitre, basé sur un travail conjoint avec Joshua Blumenstock, étudie les paris sportifs en ligne, qui ont gagné en popularité au Kenya et dans d'autres pays d'Afrique orientale. Nous utilisons un vaste ensemble de données sur les transactions de paris sportifs pour prouver que les joueurs peuvent devenir trop confiants dans leur capacité à prédire le résultat des matchs. Nous soutenons que l'excès de confiance persiste parce que les joueurs surestiment la fréquence à laquelle leurs amis gagnent et parce que les joueurs surpondèrent les succès passés par rapport aux échecs passés. Dans le troisième et dernier chapitre, j'utilise une expérience de terrain pour étudier l'impact de la fourniture d'une calculatrice de retraite sur l'épargne-retraite à des employés d'une grande entreprise sud-africaine. La calculatrice fournit des projections de revenu de retraite et aide à contrer les perceptions erronées de la croissance exponentielle. Même si la plupart des employés épargnent toujours au taux minimum et que l'intervention a été organisé pour coïncider avec les augmentations de salaire, le calculateur n'a pas entraîné d'importantes augmentations de l'épargne
Labor, marriage and wealth inequality by Mehdi Bartal( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This PhD thesis focuses on wealth inequality through the lens of two markets: the marriage market (chapter 1) and the labor market (chapters 2 and 3). In the first chapter, Normann Rion and I analyze the role of marriage and more particularly marital sorting in the formation of the wide wealth gap observed in the United States. We rely on a dynamic life cycle model where each agent chooses rationally his (her) spouse. This model predicts that a decline in the marriage rate reduces inequality while an increase in marital sorting widens the wealth gap between Americans. In the second chapter, I shift the focus from the sources to the consequences of wealth inequality in the United States. In particular, I propose a link between the low wealth of young people (aged 21 to 30) and their earnings trajectory following episodes of involuntary job loss. Indeed, the consequences of youth unemployment are sizable, which is arguably inconsistent with the predictions of existing models for the labor market. My contribution is to show that an explanation based on a career choice under borrowing constraints is plausible both theoretically and empirically. The third chapter, co-written with Cem Ozguzel, is purely empirical. We revisit the fact that young people suffer significantly from job losses, using German administrative data. The age profile of the cost of unemployment that we obtain for Germany is comparable to that documented by the literature on the United States
Dual practice in developing country health system by Nucke Widowati Kusumo Projo( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The term of “dual practice physician” in this research refers to physicians who work in public health care facility owned by government and at the same time also engaged in private practice. Part one will analyse the relationship between public and private provider under dual practice regulation in term of price and quality setting in the public facility. This theoretical work is vital to link dual practice from demand and supply side that appears in Part two and Part three. The research wants to answer particular questions on how a private provider selects its price and quality level after knowing the public price and quality set by government under dual practice compared to non-dual practice regulation. The model also emphasizes the existence of insurance scheme in the system. Health care access enhancement in developing country usually takes one of two forms increasing the supply through allowing physicians to have dual jobs and increasing financial access through insurance coverage
Impact of health shocks on personality traits, economic preferences, and risky behaviors by Antoine Marsaudon( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This PhD dissertation aims to document whether personality traits and economic preferences are stable parameters after the occurrence of a significant health event. Given the massive impacts of traits and preferences on life outcomes, it is necessary to provide information as to how much these can change. Results show that traits are slightly modified when individuals face a health event (Chapter 1). Economic preferences, however, do not change after the occurrence of such events (Chapter 2). The finding that preferences are stable might call for a genetic transmission of these parameters. However, results show that economic preferences are not determined in-utero (Chapter 3). Additionally, individuals facing health events are more likely to adopt healthier behaviors than those who do not face such events (Chapter 4). These findings can be used by economic researchers and policymakers. For the former, relying solely upon individual fixed-effect estimations or first difference methods might not account for trait variation. For the latter, changes in traits might modify the willingness to invest in various health, education and labor outcomes, subsequently influencing macroeconomic performance
French spatial inequalities in an historical perspective by Florian Bonnet( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse a un double objectif. En premier lieu, elle présente les méthodes ayant permis de construire deux bases de données historiques relatives aux départements français. La première met à disposition les tables de mortalité départementales sur la période 1901-2014. La seconde permet de disposer des distributions départementales de revenu sur la période 1960-2014. En second lieu, cette thèse présente les travaux issus de l'utilisation conjointe de ces deux bases de données et d'autres statistiques: ils concernent aussi bien les dynamiques longues des inégalités spatiales que certains évènements historiques. Ainsi, l'analyse de la répartition spatiale de la population depuis le milieu du 19eme siècle permet de comprendre à la fois la dynamique induite par l'exode rural, mais aussi par les nouvelles tendances des migrations d'aujourd'hui, différentes selon les âges. L'analyse des inégalités de mortalité depuis 200 ans montre quant à elle que les inégalités ont largement baissé depuis la fin du 19ème siècle, alors que la géographie de la surmortalité a profondément changé. Enfin, l'analyse des inégalités spatiales de revenus révèle une baisse continue des inégalités depuis les années 1920, baisse qui n'intervient que depuis 1950 si l'on introduit les inégalités de mortalité dans un indicateur synthétique de bien-être. La thèse se conclut par l'analyse des migrations internes durant la seconde guerre mondiale : leur caractère à la fois massif et à destination de la zone libre témoigne aussi bien de l'impact qu'a eu cet évènement sur la démographie française que de la formidable quête de la liberté des français de l'époque, peu entravée par la ligne de démarcation
Essays in Generational, Labor and Development Economics by Dalal Moosa( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first chapter notes a change in the composition of private intergenerational transfers inFrance over time, from more intrahousehold transfers in the 1980s to more inheritance in thenew millennium. Using a three-period overlapping generations model, we show that a risein wealth inequality can influence the composition of these transfer. However, the share ofintrahousehold transfers in human capital accumulation and the extent of the preference tobequeath can influence this inequality. The second chapter looks at the role of the demographic boom on the prevalence of informal employment, with the context of Egypt. We introduce overlapping generations of heterogeneous education levels in a multi-sectoral model. After calibrating and simulating the model, we show that a temporary demographic boom of better educated workers can have long-run effects on non-formality rates, interacting with output and prices. We contrast this actual dynamic adjustment with counterfactuals, emphasizing the importance of demographics and private sector constraints on non-formality rates. The third chapter examines the heterogeneity of micro and small enterprises (MSEs) inMorocco. These enterprises are grouped into three categories: top performers, potentialgazelles and “others.” The paper finds that top performers tend to do relatively well inall areas examined. Potential gazelles, on the other hand, appear to choose their sectorsof economic activity differently and appear to face particular constraints when it comes toaccess to credit and the ability to link to other businesses. Moreover, while formal firmsappear to exhibit significant heterogeneity, informal firms are less heterogeneous, showing asmall upper echelon that can compete with formal firms, while others are not starkly differentform each other
About the optimality of competition among health-care providers by Matthieu Cassou( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this thesis is to study the potential effects of an increased competition between health-care providers on the allocative efficiency of the health-care system. In a theoretical framework it discusses the effect of competitive pressure considering the decentralization of treatment decisions, diagnostic tests' performance, and the organization of care coverage. It is composed of an introduction and three chapters (essays), each of them focusingon a different aspect of the health-care system efficiency. Our findings globally suggest that the canonical effect of competition does not necessarily applies to the health-care market,and detail circumstances in which competition could degrade social welfare. The first chapter analyses the impact of competition on hospitals' treatment praxis and their regulation through fixed-repayments. The second chapter details the regulation issues related to the incomplete nature of the information on patients' illness before the decision to perform diagnostic tests.The last chapter of this thesis discusses the possible outcomes of the asymmetry of obligation of services between public and private competitors in an application to the home-care market for the elderly
 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.73 (from 0.40 for Economic p ... to 0.95 for Economic p ...)

Associated Subjects
Alternative Names
Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France). Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France). Unité mixte de recherche (8545) (2005-....)

École des hautes études en sciences sociales (France). Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques

École nationale des ponts et chaussées (France). Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques

École normale supérieure (Paris) (1985-....). Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques

Institut national de la recherche agronomique (France). Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques

Institut national de la recherche agronomique (France). Unité mixte de recherche (1393)

PJSE

PSE

PSE-École d’économie de Paris. Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques (PjSE)

PSE-PJSE

UMR 1393 INRA

UMR 8545 CNRS (2005-....)

UMR1393 INRA

UMR8545

UMR8545 CNRS (2005-....)

Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris). Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques

Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques

Languages
English (17)

French (12)